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August 07, 1956 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1956-08-07

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INJUSTICE ACCORDED
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Latest Deadline in the State PARTLY CLOUDY

VOL. LXVII, No. 30S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, AUGUST 7, 1956

FOUR PAGES

Convention
Platforms
Prepared
Democrats Speculate
Over Vice-Presidency
By PETE ECKSTEIN
Special To The Daily
CHICAGO-It was a quiet day
in Chicago yesterday as the na-
tions' Democrats began prepara-
tions for their convention next
week.
Speculation over what is usually
the number one question at a
convention was at a minimum,
with Adlai E. Stevenson's selection
of presidential candidate being
conceded by all imparital ob-
servers.'
The lack of life in Averell Har-
riman's candidacy failed to de-
ter his supporters from predicting
a first-ballot total of 450 for the
New York Governor. A convention
majority of ,6861/2 is needed for
nomination.
Laughing off the Harriman es-
timates, Stefenson supporters are
predicting 600 votes on the first
tally, scheduled for next Thurs-
day evening. They as yet refuse
to., predict renomination for the
former Illinois governor on the
z first ballot, but it is obviously
their aim.
Premature Estimates
Premature public estimates, they
fear, might jeopardize Stevenson's
chances if more than one ballot
were needed to put him over.
While there is not much doubt
about the convention's presiden-
tial choice, a number of questions
remain to be answered during the
coming two weeks:
The second spot. Stevenson for-
ces seem undecided as yet on
whether to name their choice as
vice-presidential nominee for the
convention's ratification as in
1952 - or to allow free balloting
by the delegates, most likely from
a list endorsed by Stevenson.
As to the nominee himself, most
prominently mentioned are Sena-
tor Estes Kefauver of Tennessee,
Senator John Kennedy of Mas-
sachusetts and Senator Hubert
Humphrey of Minnesota.
Kefauver's stock rose from the
bottom when he withdrew from
the presidential race in favor of
t Stevenson, but, primary campaign
hostility has not all been forgot-
ten in the Stevenson camp. If the
convention itself selects, his
elected delegates' support would
put him in a strong, if not a
winning, position.
Strong Favorite
Kennedy is the favortie of many
Stevenson supporters who look
to the senator's appeal among Ro-
man Catholics and young voters,
though both °his religion and his
youth could prove liabilities. His
ability as a campaigner and grasp
of issues-plus his authorship of
a current best-seller, "Profiles in
Courage" - lead many to envision
him as a worthy alternative to
Richard Nixon.
Humphrey, long an articulate
leader of the party's "left-wing"
is as yet the only avowed candi-
date for the spot. "Volunteers for
Humphrey" have set up head-
quarters in the Conrad Hilton Ho-
tel, and sub-committees are be-
ing organized, including "Artists
for Humphrey" and "Conserva-
tionists for Humphrey." His man-
agement of the near fatal Steven-
son defeat in the Minnesota Pri-
mary, together with his record of
"immoderation," may prevent
Humphrey from getting the nod.

Civil Rights Issue
The platform, civil rights is the
k only potential convention-splitting
issue, but both north and south
show every sign of wanting a uni-
fied party this year, The outlook
is for a plank both moderate and
vague, although National Commit-
tee chairman Paul Butler yester-
day predicted a stronger stand
than the generalities of 1952.
Even the Harriman forces, re-
ported to have been banking on a
strong stand to drive out the
south (a major source of Steven-
son strength) seem to have lost
some of their earlier militancy.
The Middle East - Suez and
Israel -- the degree of committ-
ment to- agricultural price sup-
ports, the Taft-Hartley injunctioA
provisions, and future tax cuts
may all be sources of some dis-
agreement among platform writ-
ers - if they decide to 3-5 all spe-

Payments Level
Called Sore Spot
Dispute Amount of Compensation
'U' Should Give City for Services
By LEE MARKS
Daily Managing Editor
Editor's Note: This is the last in a series of articles dealing with Ann
Arbor's financial difficulties. Today's article examines the University's role.
Level of University payments to the city for services rendered
has been a growing sore spot in "town and gown" relations.
While the University is legally tax-exempt, its presence is a fi-
nancial burden to the city. There is, both city and University of-
ficials agree, a moral obligation on the University to compensate the
city for the services it requires.
Just how much compensation should be is the issue.
University Payments
Next year the University will give Ann Arbor $65,000 for fire
t protection, $45,000 for police pro-

Democrats
Attack Ike's Dri a.
Farm Plan
Hit Farm Bureau rooi
On Price Supports
CHICAGO (P) - Democratic
platform drafters heard a blister-
ing attack on Eisenhower admin-
istratlon farm policies yesterdayo st
and then lit into the American
Farm Bureau Federation for plug-
ging flexible price supports.
Charles B. Shuman, farm bu-
reau president, got a going over ,
from a ntumber of platform com-
mittee members after proposing
that the Democratic National
Convention go on record in favor olitically
of the sliding scale support pro-rp t on eCh
gram put through Congress by the
Republicans.
Robert E. Short of Minneapolis ILUabor
a member of the platform com-
mittee, demanded of Shuman to
know whether the Farm Bureau Boston Businessmen
doesn't in fact speak for "big Re- Support Gov. Herter
publican farmers."
Not True WASHINGTON (R')-Harold E.
:No, that's not true," Shuman Stassen nudged his "dump Nixon"
replied fih y s rmncampaign forward yesterday, ap-
parently unconcerned over the!
Shuman followed Claude R. political brickbats flying about his

in Sends
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FaWorld News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
COPENHAGEN, Denmark-Prof.
H. J. Muller, a Nobel Prize winner
from Indiana University said yes-
terday he has received word from
the United States State Depart-
ment that he can make a speech
on atomic radiation hazards here
today
He is scheduled to speak at the
opening session of a World Health
organization session or radiation
studies.
Some scientists say he is one
of the world's leading experts on
genetics. The subject of his paper
is "Increased Mutation Changes
Caused by Radiation."
* * * *
WASHINGTON-President
Dwight D. Eisenhower and Secre-
tary of State John Foster Dulles
conferred on the tense Suez sit-
uation yesterday but the nature
of their discussion was not dis-
closed.
Dulles said afterwards the 45-
minute meeting dealt with "cer-
tain miscellaneous matters-in-
cluding, naturally, the Suez."
Prior to the conference, Asst.
White House Press Secretary Mur-
ray Snyder told reporters the
President is keeping in "constant
touch" with developments grow-
ing out of Egypt's nationalization
of the canal.
* * * -
WASHINGTON-President
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
signed a bill exempting from the
10 per cent amusement tax admis-
sion tickets costing 90 cents or
less. .
Present law exempts admissions
costing 50 cents or less.
The tax exemption applies to
admissions to all entertainment
events conducted for profit, such
as baseball games, motion pictures,
legitimate theaters, boxing and
wrestling contests and carnivals.
The increased exemption does
not apply to admissions to horse
and dog race tracks or to per-
manent boxes or seats for enter-
tainment events.
Pearl Prim us
To Dance Here
Pearl Primus, a prominent Ne-
gro dance artist, will appear in
concert at Hill Auditorium on
Thursday as part of the University
series, "Patterns of American Cul-
ture: Contributions of the Negro."
Born in Trinidad and brought
to this country when she was two,
Miss Primus became an honor stu-
dent in high school and college. At
first she thought she would be a
doctor, but changed to profession-
al dancing, is now working on a
PhD. in anthropology at Columbia
University.
After several Broadway per-
formances, Miss Primus went
south to study, pick cotton, and
"live with her people."
Her grandfather had been the
head-dancer of Trinidad, and her
mother she learned many dance
forms. When she returned to
Broadway, Oscar Hammerstein
starred her in his revival of "Show
Boat." She also co-starred with
Lawrence Tibbett in Chicago Op-
era production of "The Emperor
Jones."
Miss Primus was given a one-

tection, $45,000 for their share of
widening State St. and will foot
the bill for improvements on
Fletcher and Washington.
University Vice-President of Fi-
nances Wilbur K. Pierpont claims'
the present level is equitable.
City Administrator Guy Larcomj
contends it is inadequate.I
Vice President Pierpont sums up
the University's position by noting,
"We are prepared to recognize
that if there is an unusual burden,
then we consider that a state-wide
expense and will compensate the
city accordingly.
"We are not prepared to bail
Ann Arbor out of financial diffi-
culty."
Agrees in Principle
In principle, Larcom agrees. He
says, "Where we can show special
service and extra cost as a result
of the Unviersity, we will try to
get them to pay for it."
City Controller Loren Jedele
adds, "The University wouldn't
want Ann Arbor to become a run-
down town that's what it'll come
to."
The attitude University officials
object to is that they can be used
as a cure-all for the city's inabil-
ity to balance the budget.
They feel the city is asking for
additional funds on the basis of
need rather than attempting to
find a fair level reflecting the ex-
tra burden incurred.
Not a Question of More
Vioe President Pierpont con-
tends, "In determining how much
we should pay it is not, as the city
sometimes seems to thing, always
a question of more."
The "proper" level of payments
is difficult to find. It is not a ques-
tion of fact - at best it is an
informed estimate. As Vice Presi-
dent Pierpont points out the prob-
lem exists wherever there is a
large University in a small town,
and there are numerous ways to
work it out.
This is the first year the Univer-t
sity will contribute to fire pro-
tection. One of the considerations,
See UNIVERSITY Page 4
Lingu1stics Talk
Emmet L. Bennett, of Yale Uni-
versity, will speak before the Lin-
guistic Forum on "The Minoan In-
scriptions."
The lecture will be held at 7:30
p.m. today in Fackham Amphi-
theater.

Wickard, secretary of agriculture
under President Franklin D.
Roosevelt, in setting forth recom-
mendations for a farm plank the
Democrats hope will appeal to the
politically potent Midwestern farm
vote.
The platform drafters began
their work Monday, a full week
ahead of next Monday's conven-
tion opening.
Wickard, who appeared as£
chairman of the party's agricul-
tural advisory committee, charged
the Eisenhower administration
with using the new $1,200,000,000
soil bank program in a- "brazen
effort" to buy farm votes.
He also called upon the Demo-
crats to promise 100 per cent of
parity for their products-a prom-
ise Wickard said President Dwight
D. Eisenhower made in 1952 but
then ignored. Parity is a legal
standard for measuring farm pri-
ces designed to be fair to farmers
in relation to prices they pay,
Farm Bureau Member
Some platform committee mem-
bers asked Shuman whether Sec-
retary of Agriculture Ezra Benson
is a member of the Farm Bureau.
In another attempt to link the
big farm organization with the
Republicans, Phillip H. Dorsey Jr.,
Leonardtown, Md., asked if the
Farm Bureau does not agree more
fully with Benson's policies than
with those outlined by Wickard.
Shaking his head, Shuman re-
plied:
"We have not agreed with all
the policies of Benson. Neither did
we agree with all the policies of
my friend Mr. Wickard when he
was secretary of agriculture."
While disagreeing with the high
price support position many Dem-
ocrats have taken, Shuman did
say he is concerned lest the soil
bank program be administered in
a way that would defeat its pur-
pose.
Shuman said his organization
counts 1,623,000 farm families as
its members. He said it is rela-
tively stronger in states with a
high percentage of small farms
than in other states.

head.
The one-time "boy wonder" of
the GOP told a news conference
Vice-President Richard M. Nixon
was politically weak with labor,
minority and independent groups
-although he declined to say why.
And he said "some very solid con-
servative businessmen in Boston4
are rallying to my support"-but
he declined to identify them.
Even as Stassen was pushing
his campaign to get Governor
Chritian G. Herter of Massachus-
etts the No. 2 spot on. the GOP
ticket this fall, Senator Joseph
McCarthy (R-Wis) loosed a blast
at Stassen.
Sen. McCarthy called Stassen
"one of the most contemptible
politicians of our era . . . possessed
by an overpowering ambition to
become president." McCarthy said
Stassen's real goal was to get him-
self-not Herter-the vice-presi-
dential nomination this year and
the presidential nomination four
years hence.
In his news conference, Stassen
said John J. Schroeder of St.
Louis, a national convention dele-
gate from Missouri's 1st District,
hed pledged his support to Stas-
sen's campaign in Herter's be-
half.
It was just two weeks ago yes-
terday that Stassen roughed the
placid GOP political waters with
his statement that he was going
to do everything he could to have
Herter picked over Nixon.
He said yesterday "a strong ef-
fort should be initiated to over-
come the evident weaknesses of
the vice president with labor,
with minorities and with inde-
pendents."
Interplanetary
Space Travel
CAMBRIDGE, Mass. () - The
director of the Harvard Observa-
tory said yesterday interplanetary
travel by 1966 may be possible,
based on satellite programs now
taking shape in the research lab-
oratories of the nation.

-Daily-Harding Williams
PROF. LORENZO TURNER-"In Gullah language, 'take your
foot in hand' means 'hurry,' while 'to bad mouth' means 'to
curse'."
Turner Lectures
On Gullah Culture

I

By ADELAIDE WILEY
Said to be the only trained field
investigator to penetrate and re-
cord culture of the Gullah people
in Georgia and the Carolinas,
Prof. Lorenzo Turner yesterday
gave a report on "The African In-
fluence on the Language and Folk-
lore of the Gullah."
"Gullah" is the term for Negroes
who live in an area from George-
town, N.C. to the top of Florida,
in 20 to 100 mile wide sections.
Prof. Turner, thirteenth and
next to last lecturer in Univer-
sity series, "Patterns of American
Culture: Contributions of the
Negro," is in the English depart-
ment at Roosevelt University in
Chicago.
Gullah Language
"The Gullah language is bais-
ally English but includes various
African dialects-it is Creole," he
remarked.
"Personal names, for instances,
have origin in at least thirty dif-
ferent African tribes. Parents may
name their children according to
nature of weather, with words that
mean, storm, calm freeze.
"Eartha Kitt, who was born in
North Carolina, got her name be-
cause her father had just had a

good harvest." Some words from
the land of the Gullah that have
become part of American language
are: gumbo, juke (as in jukebox),
samba, voodoo and okra.
More African influences in Gul-
lah language crop up in its words
conveying impressions of sound,
like the phrase for "hurry" which,
literally translated, means "take
your foot in hand," or in "to curse"
which means "to bad mouth."
Explains Condition
Prof. Turner explained that con-
ditions in Georgia, the Carolinas
and the Sea Islands, such as iso-
lation of the islands, a minimum
of whites, and the fact that a
large majority of Gullahs came
directly from Africa, lead to the
Gullah's retaining much of their
African culture.
In folklore, he commented, some
functions of African storytelling
have disappeared. "Parents no
longer teach African aspects of
African grammer, like the high
and low tones and pitches."
Plays Gullah Music.
Prof. Turner then played rec-
ords he had made of Gullah music
and dance, and one he had not
made himself.
First playing west African shouts
and drumbeats in a religious cult-
house, he played one made in an
"unsophisticated" southern Negro
Baptist church, which resembled
the first. Then he played a "rock
and roll" recording made by Peggy
Lee and the Mills Brothers called
"Straight Ahead," which he bought
yesterday. Again there was marked
resemblance to the first record.
After that, Prof. Turner played
a record of Africans in a religious
ritual dance, in which they shouted
as the tempo grew faster, then fell
out "possessed, and said to be
speaking in a strange tongue."
Prof. Turner theh remarked with
a slight grin: "Maybe this is why
most people don't like rock and
roll."
Can Be Nominated
Gov. Chandler Says
NEW YORK OP-) - Governor
A. B. (Happy) Chandler of Ken-
tucky said yesterday he thinks he
can beat both Adlai Stevenson and

'East
U.S. Moves
Navy Fleet
From Italy
Italians Speculate
Over Intervention,
U.S. Says Not True
LONDON (P)-Britain sent more
military and naval reinforcements
to the Mediterranean yesterday as
a show of muscle in the smolder-
ing Suez Canal crisis.
Meanwhile, warships of the
powerful United States 6th Fleeb
sailed from half a dozen Italian
ports on redeployment maneuvers,
and Italian newspapers speculated
this had something to do with the
Suez crisis. But U. S. Navy offi-
cials said the maneuvers were
scheduled six weeks ago.
Britain's 22,000-ton aircraft-
carrier Bulwark, fully equipped
on a wartime "basis, steamed out
of Portsmouth for a secret desti-
nation in the Mediterranean.
Soldiers Boarded
Hundreds more soldiers, includ-
ing royal artillery units, boarded
the carrier Ocean, due to sail
soon for the Mediterranean.
Thousands of holidaymakers
lined the shores of Portsmouth's
harbor and cheered the Bulwark
moving into the English Channel.
As she passed Nelson's Flagship
Victory, symbol of an age-old Brit-
ish naval tradition, the Bulwark's
band broke out into "Rule Bri-
tannia" and a squadron of navy
planes swooped onto her flight
deck.
Prime Minister Anthony Eden,
spending the August bank holiday
at his official country home, Che-
quers, kept in close telephoneon.
tact with Foreign Secretary Sel-
wyn Lloyd and other ministers
concerned in the deepening crisis
over Egypt's nationalization of
the Suez Canal.
Eden to Address Nation
Reflecting the seriousness with
which Britain regards the Suez
situation, an official announce-
ment yesterday said Eden would
address the nation over a radio.
television hookup tomorrow,
Britain's military activity was
part of her preparation in the
event of a showdown with Egypt's
President Gamal Abdel Nasser.
Across the English Channel,
France also was holding shIps> in
readiness.
A crack British parachute bri-
gade, nicknamed the Red Devils,
already was steaming to the Medi-
terranean aboard the carrier The-
seus. Britain also has called up a,
limited number of reservists and
postponed the return of some offi-
cers and soldiers from overseas
posts.
The U. S. State Department an-
nounced Secretary of State Dulles,
who is keeping President Eisen-
hower clossely in touch with Suez
developments, would represent
Washington at the proposed 24-
nation Suez conference Aug. 16.
State T Vote
In Primary

LANSING, Mich. (P)-Michigan
voters will cast their ballots to-
day in a primary dominated by a
Republican argument over who
will oppose Democratic Governor
G. Mennen Williams' bid for a
record fifth term.
Gov. Williams is unopposed for
renomination.
Republicans, hoping for their
first gubernatorial victory since
1946, will choose between Albert

Dial M for Murder

"Dial M for Murder," Frederick
Knott's murder mystery, will openI
for a two-week run at the Saline
Mill Theatre at 8:30 p.m. today,
according to Barbara Hamel, who
will direct as well as produce the
play.
The melodrama, which origin-
ally opened in London in June,
1952 and played in Broadway a fewt
months later, was made into a
motion picture by Alfred Hitch-
cock, starring Ray Milland and
Grace Kelly.
"Dial M for Murder" in which
appropriately, the telephone fig-
ures prominently, is the scream-
in-the-night story of a famous
tennis player, Tony Wendice, who
plots to have his wife, Margot,;
murdered by a hired assassin.
Suspense mounts after the at-
tack on Margot goes awry and aj
police inspector enters the case.

N ~ -~

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