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SAME AS YESTERDAY
LXV, No. 58
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JUNE 25, 1955
led Peace Plan
Secretary Asks Molotov To Explain
Red Attack on Plane Over Bering Sea
SAN FRANCISCO (P)-Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
sterday rejected in strong words a 7-point peace program put before
e United Nations by Russia's V. M. Molotov.
Shortly after his eagerly-awaited speech to the UN 10th anni-
:sary conference, Sec. Dulles saw Molotov at the direction of Presi-
at Dwight D. Eisenhower and asked for an explanation of the
ooting down by Russian-type Migs of an American naval patrol plane
er the international Bering Strait.
That incident occurred Wednesday, the same day Molotov outlined
',his peace proposals in the UN
eginning Monday, Ann Arbor
dents will be "taken to the
ners" when they visit local dry
order to meet the rising costs
bor and materials, prices will
aised to at least Detroit stand-
"We have experienced continual
price rises in materials. A lot of
cleaners are on the verge of going
out of business," a local business-
Another added that perchlore-
thylene, a synthetic cleaning
fluid used by most of Ann Arbor's
cleaners, has recently been raised
five dollars a barrel. Costs of bags,
tags and other essentials have also
D Raise Inevitable
Dry cleaners claim that this
price hike was inevitable. "After
all," one said; "cars and practical-
ly every other commodity have
been recently raised, even haircuts.
In fact, there has been very little
price rises in cleaning in the last
20 years in Ann Arbor.
"This area," he continued, "is
one of the highest priced areas in
the United States. Dry-cleaning-
wiser, we are the lowest."
It was explained that Detroit
cleaners charge 20 to 30 per cent
more. A suit costs $1.65 to clean
at an average establishment. The
highest price charged here is $1.40.
Lansing, considered a typical col-
lege town, charges ten to 15 per
cent more than Ann Arbor.
Labor Costs Rise
High labor costs, particularly se-
jvere. in southeastern Michigan,
have added to cleaners problems.
A local businessman commented
that -dry cleaners don't deal in mer-
chandise, but in service, and there-
fore depend on their workers.
Mike O'Neill, president of Mich-
igan Cleaners Association, pointed
out that if Ann Arbor dry clean-
ers do not raise their prices now,
many of them will go out of
Day of Strike
Fist fights broke out yesterday in
the second day of the wildcat strike
at the General Motors Willow Run
No one was hurt in the fights,
which brought sheriff's cars to the
gate where pickets of tool sharp-
eners held up work. The strikers
complained of a long list of griev-
ances not settled in the national
The strike has not been autho-
rized by Local 735 of the CIO
United Auto Workers.
Yesterday was payday, but the
company said checks would not be
available unless the picket lines
were withdrawn or salaried person-
nel were allowed to cross them.
>B egins Tomorrow
A summer series of lectures and
discussions sponsored by the Uni-
tarian Church will open tomorrow
with a presentation of "The Sil-
ver Screen and the Glass Screen"
by Prof. Edward Stasheff of the
- speech department.
Entitled "Creativity in the
Arts," the series features six pre-
sentation .sthrough Aug. 7 and is
open to the public.
Tomorrow's lecture will be at
8:30 p.m. in the Unitarian Church,
It was reported that Molotov,
who has been trying doggedly to
show a peaceful front here, told
Sec. Dulles he knew nothing of the
incident but would investigate.
Both Sec. Dulles and Molotov are
leaving San Francisco today and
any Russian response would be
made to the State Department. The
Molotov-Dulles talk took place in
a private room of the Opera House,
where the UN meetings are in
In his address, Sec. Dulles said
the cold war can be ended by na-
tions observing the UN charter, re-
fraining from force and halting
subversionragainst other countries.
Sec. Dulles' policy declaration to
the UN 10th anniversary celebra-
tion was the American answer to
the challenge of Soviet Foreign
Minister V. M. Molotov, who had
said the next step is up to the
United States and the West.
The secretary's 28-minute speech
had been endorsed in advance by
President Eisenhower. The Presi-
dent opened this conference last
Monday with a renewed pledge to
follow the spirit of the charter.
Summing up the American reac-
tion to Molotov's program, Sec.
"There is one extremely simple
method of bringing an end to what
is called the 'cold war'-observe
the charter of the United Nations;
refrain from the use of force or
the threat of force in international
relations and from the supporit and
direction of subversion against the
institutions of other countries."
"Alexander Nevsky," a Russian
film directed by Sergei Eisenstein
and featuring a score by Prokofief
will open Gothic Film Society's
summer series at 8 p.m. Monday
in the Rackham Amphitheater.
A co-feature, "The Spanish
Earth," written and narrated by
IErnest Hemingway, will help to
introduce the summer series
theme, "Men at War."
Following programs i n c l u d e
Jean Renoir's "La Marseillaise"
July 6; the Italian World War II
film, "Paisan" July 27; "Grand
Illusion" with Jean Gabin Aug. 1;
and another Russian film, "Ten
Days that Shook the World" Aug.
Short subjects scheduled are
"1848," a film about the revolu-
tion of that year in France, and
"Lincoln Speaks at Gettysburg."
Memberships for the series may
be obtained for $2.25 from Wil-
liam Wiegand, director, 914 S.
State, or at the door before Mon-I
day night's program.
NEW YORK ()-Port Huron
and Ypsilanti have been named
by the National Municipal Lea-
gue among 22 finalists in the
League's and Look Magazine's
All-America Cities awards com-
Phenix City, Ala., was another
of the finalists.
The League said Alabama's
notorious sintown sought an
award "for the courageous bat-
tle fought by its citizens to rid
the community of criminal-po-
Reform forces now claim, ac-
cording to the announcement,
that the city is "pure and crime-
free, with government restored
to the people"
Eleven winners will be picked
from among the 22 finalists by
a jury headed by Dr. George H.
Gallup, President of .the 61-
year - old non - partisan, non-
Yug'os luay a
To Help Relations
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia (MP) -
Diplomats of the Western Big
Three conferred yesterday with
Yugoslavia on questions that may
determine future Western policy
toward this independent Commu-
The Yugoslav government is be-
lieved to be seeking to bolster its
relations with the West after the
recent visit of Moscow's top men
to Belgrade. The Soviet-Yugoslav
talks were designed to reconcile
relations between the two coun-
Yesterday's meeting, held on an
ambassadorial level, was arranged
following the visit of the Soviet
leaders. It brought together repre-
sentatives of the United States,
Britain, France and Yugoslavia
for their firstformal conference
since the end ofthe war.
No announcement was made at
the end of yesterday's talks, but
it was assumed that general po-
litical questions were discussed.
No military or economic advisers
were present. The talks are ex-
pected to end today.
The agenda for the conference
called for consideration of the
general international situation
and questions relating to mutual
relations. It made no mention of
To Open Monday
A Conference on the Problems
of Nuclear Structure will open
Monday under the sponsorship of
the physics department and the
National Science Foundation.
Opening session will be held at
2 p.m. Monday in Auditorium C,
Angell Hall. Meetings will be held
daily through July 1.
By PAT ROELOFS
Preparations for the Fifth
World Festival of Youth and Stu-
dents to be held in Warsaw next
month are in their last stages.
The Festival will be host to
thousands of students and young
people from European, Asian and
African youth organizations. Po-
litical beliefs ranging from the
extreme left to the reactionary
right will be represented at the
No U.S. Students
Students from the United
States will not be able to attend
the Festival. A University student
planning to travel in Europe this
summer applied to the State De-
partment for a visa to Poland so
that she might attend the Fes-
The passport was denied her.
Poland is an Iron Curtain coun-
try, and it is doubtful that Amer-
icans will be allowed to enter her
boundaries as a result of State
A group of students discussing
the State Department's action
yesterday said they felt "the Fes-
tival will help topromote under-
standing and friendship between
our country and those behind the
Iron Curain." Several University
youths said they thought State
Department policy "only serves to
maintaih the tensions between the
free world and the communist'
Delegates to the Festival are
picked by organizations such as
the Young Presbyterians of Scot-
land, th Wectrical Trades Union
of London, and a classical danc-
ing school in Belgium.
Theme of the Festival is
U.S. STUDENTS LEFT OUT:
Stage Set for World Festival
FESTIVAL-Students from all over the world, except from the
United States, will take part in the World Youth Festival at
"Knowledge and Understanding
Promote Friendship." To enact
that theme, meetings of young
people from all over the world of
the same occupation will be held
in Poland for discussions of em-
ployment problems and evalua-
tion of jobs.
Meetings for people of the same
interests and having the same
hobbies will be staged. Seminars
in world problems and cultural in-
terests will be held.
Sports events have been sched-
uled with competitors now being
Russian Jets Fire on Navy
Patrol Plane in Bering Area
Incident Is 13th Time U.S. Aircraft
Attacked Since 1950; Seven Injured
WASHINGTON () - The United States announced yesterday
that a slow moving, lightly armed Navy patrol plane was attacked
Wednesday by two Russian MIG jet fighters over international
waters between Alaska and Siberia.
One engine set afire by the attack, the plane crash-landed and
burned on remote St. Lawrence Island, American territory, in the
Bering Sea. Seven of the 11 crew members were injured.
The incident, the 13th attack on American planes outside War
zones since 1950, threw a shadow over forthcoming Big Four peace
talks and stirred an angry protest in Congress.
White House Press Secretary James Hagerty first announced
the "inexplicable and unwarranted" attack while touring'with Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower in Whitefield.
Plane On Patrol
Defense officials in Washington then filled in details, saying
Experts Study Great Lakes
Problems in Panel .Discussions
Industrial pollution and beach erosion are two serious problems
of today in the great lakes, according to speakers at yesterday's
Great Lakes Institute panel discussions.
L. G. Lenhardt, general manager of the Detroit Water Board, urged
other Great Lakes states to use Michigan's practice of requiring
proof from new industries that they will not pollute the water.
The Great Lakes contain half the world's supply of fresh water
chosen in the various participat-
Events in honor of the World
Federation of Democratic Youth
have been planned, in addition to
an International Union of Stu-
The gala two week festival will
feature exhibitions of art works,
photography, crafts and dancing
by students from all of the en-
tering countries. Prizes will be
awarded to winners in all divi-
sions, including music competi-
tion. More than 10,000 entries in
art competition have already been
received by the International
Preparatory." Committee of the
To advertise the contests and
events of the 5th annual Festival,
a weekly newspaper is being pub-
lished by the Preparatory Com-
mittee and sent to student publi-
cations throughout the world.
Exhibition at AMH
To Give 50 Years
Of Michigan Art
"Michgian Art Through Fifty
Years," an exhibition of state
painting and drawing will open
tomorrow in Alumni Memorial
The exhibit is being held in con-
nection with the Summer Session's
special program on "Michigan." A
reception for art viewers will be
held at 3 p.m. tomorrow in the ex-
Monday, outdoor movies on
Michigan will be held in front of
the General Library at 9 p.m.
There will be an earlier showing
of the films at 7:30 in Auditorium
A, Angell Hall.
the American plane was armed<
only with one .50 caliber machine
gun and did not return the single
round of fire from the MIGs.
Military spokesmen said the
plane was on a patrol out of Ko-
diak, Alaska, a flight that has
been routine for the past year,
and "reports indicate that there
is no explanation for this unpro-
At President Eisenhower's di-
rection, Secretary of State John
Foster Dulles promptly took up
the issue with Russian Foreign
Minister V. M. Molotov at San
Francisco, where they are attend-
ing the 10th anniversary ceremo-
nies of the United Nations.
Hagerty reported Molotov said
he was unaware of the incident
but would investigate at once and
communicate with Sec. Dulles
Not Far From Siberia,
St. Lawrence Island, where the
twin-engine plane crash landed,
is less than 100 miles from Siberia
and 200 miles southwest of Nome,
Alaska. The wounded crewmen
were flown to Elmendorf, Alaska
Air Force Base Hospital.
In Congress, the incident
touched off bitter reaction and
brought expressions of concern
about its effects on the Big Four
summit conference in Geneva
"This is an incredible way to
start a peace conference," said
Sen. Capehart (R-Ind).
"This act unmasks the insin-
cerity of the Russian peace of-
fensive," said Sen. Jackson (D-
Wash), a member of the Armed
Great Concern Voiced
Sen. Holland (D-Fla) said the
Russian attack was a matter of
great concern especially because
American patrol planes in that
area are charged with protecting
against a surprise attack on
American continental installa-
Sen. Mike Monroney (D-Okla)
called it "a cowardly attack by
trigger happy Russians."
The Navy said the plane, a
P2V-5, had a speed of 312 miles
per hour, scarcely half that of a
jet fighter. Two of the crew mem-
bers were said to have received
fractures and five were burned.
The University's General Fund
budget of $30,213,400 for the 1955--
56 fiscal year was officially approv.
ed by the Regents yesterday.
Instructional, research, admin-
istrative and plant operation main-
tenance costs are covered by the
General Fund budget. The new
budget shows an increase of $3,-
336,404 over last year's figure
The increased funds result from
a state appropriation rise of $2"*
672,004 over last year and an in-
creased income from student fees
and miscellaneous sources amount-
Ing to $664,400.
The student fee income will be
about $400,0000 higher than last
year because of a fee increase per-
person of $10 per semester for in-
state students, and of $20 per per-
son per semester for non-residents.
Increased expenditures planned
include $1,179,000 in salary im-
provement, and $580,000 in ad-
ditional personnel. Eighty - nine
teachers will be added to the fac-
Plan operations and extension
will cost an added $451,000 next
year. This includes janitors, main-
tenance, heat and power for new
buildings and rehabilitatiou of
Other budgets now approved are
University Hospital, $9,013,500;
Neuropsychiatric Institute, $835,
964; Veterans Readjustmerit Cep-
ter, $357,000; Children's Psychi-
atric Hospital, $767,837 and Men-
tal Health Research, $175,000.
The budget was tentatively ap-
proved July 10 by the Regents, but
as the result of a by-law requiring
a two-week waiting period before
final approval, only became effec-
English Teachers Slated
To Hear McMillan Speak
In a final attempt to keep bom
merical airlines at Willow Run, the
University and others have appear-
ed at a hearing of the govern-
ment's Air Use Panel in Detroit.
The future of Willow Run Air-
port, Detroit-Wayne Major Air-
port, and a proposed northeast De-
troit field will be decided by the
Panel within the next two months.
Supporters of both Wayne-Major
and Willow Run claimed Wayne
County voters should ballot on
whether millions should be spent
to move commerical lines 12 miles
closer to Detroit. Both sides were
confident of victory in such a ref-
Speaking for the University,
which owns Willow Run, airport
supervisor Floyd G. Wakefield said
the University "would be unable to
continue the maintenance and op-
eration of Willow Run without the
The airlines have indicated that
they would rather keep operations
at Willow Run. Detroit officials
have urged that a squadron of
Army jets be based at Willow Run
instead. Wayne-Major is also being
considered as a possible jet base.
EFFECTIVE IN FALL:
Hatcher Announces Faculty Promotions
Vand all of the supply is now safe,
but pollution is increasing from in-
Vincent S. Madison, director of
areas development for the Detroit
Edison Co., said industry needs five
times as much water as residential
users and by 1975 water supplies
might be the most influential fac-
tor in locating new industries.
Lt. Col. Edward J. Gallagher,
district engineer of the United
States Lake Survey and Corp of
Engineers told the Institute that
studies of beach erosion are being
conducted on Lakes Huron and
The studies aim at reducing se-
vere shore damage, he said.
Prof. James McMillan of the,
University of Alabama is the
'scheduled speaker in the second
English teachers conference at 4
p.m. Monday in Auditorium D, An-
Prof. McMillan will discuss
"Facts and Folklore of American
Usage" as part of a program en-
titled "Teaching of Grammar Us-
age in High School."
Presently editorial director of
"American Usage Dictionary," Mc-
Millan was described by Prof. Carl-
ton F. Wells of the English depart-
ment as "an expert in the evalua-
tion of dictionaries."
"He has made one of the most
One hundred thirty-three pro-
motions on the University faculty
were announced yesterday by
University President Harlan H.
All promotions are effective be-
ginning with the fall academic
Prof. Rhoda F. Reddig was pro-
moted from director of the School
of Nursing to dean of that school.
The following men were pro-
moted to full professor:
Prof. Edward S. Bordin, educa-
tional psychology; Prof. Alfred M.
Elliott, zoology; Prof. Frank L.
Huntley, English; Prof. Raymond
L. Kilgour, library science and
Prof. Lawrence Klein, economics.
In the engineering college, the
following were promoted to the
rank of full professor:
Prof. Glenn V. Edmonson, me-
chanical; Prof. James Freeman,
chemical and metallurgical; Prof.
Henry Gomberg, electrical; Prof.
John C. Kohl, civil; Prof. George
McEwen, English; Prof. Maurice
Sinnott, chemical and metallurgi-
cal; and Prof. Edward Young, geo-
desy and surveying.
Prof. Wilfred T. Dempster, who
teaches anatomy in the medical
school was also promoted to full
professor. In the School of Busi-
ness Administration, Prof. Doug-
las A. Hayes who teaches finance
was promoted. In the School of
Public Health, Dr. Solomon J.
Axelrod was promoted to full pro-
Associate professor promotions
were made to the following peo-
ple in the Literary College:
Prof. John William Atkinson,
Prof. Robert Kahn, Prof. Wilbert
McKeachie and Prof. Stephen B.
Withey, psychology; Prof. Her-
bert C. Barrow, Jr:, English; Prof.
Raoul Bott and Prof. William Le-
Veque, mathematics; Prof. Gerald
S. Brown, Prof. Sidney Fine, and
Prof. John W. Hall, history; Prof.
Douglas Crary, geography; Prof.
Donald A. Glaser, physics; Prof.
were made for Prof. Julius T.
Banchereo; Prof. Jack Borchardt,
Prof. James E. Broadwell; Prof.
Richard K. Brown, Prof. Stuart W.
Churchill; Prof. Robert L. Hess;
Prof. Lloyd Kempe; Prof. Rich-
ard B. Morrison and Prof. Gordon
In the medical school Dr. Stefa
S. Fajans, Dr. Jack Lapides and
Dr. Kenneth P. Mathews were
promoted to associate professor.
Prof. Davis H. Reider in the
architecture and design college,
and Prof. Robert Lado of the
School of Education were also
promoted. In the business admin-
istration school, Prof. Irene Place
and Prof. Meyer Ryder were pro-