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June 23, 1955 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1955-06-23

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SomeoneCried 'Wolf':
See Page 2

C, , r

Set 43au
Latest Deadline in the Stage

:43 a t t


LXV, No. 3S



yaw rConfab
pens Today
)ean Stason Set
For First Talk
ore than 100 American and
adian lawyers will convene
today for the Eighth Annual
amer Institute of Internation-
o commemorate the 10th an-
rsary of the United Nations,
lawyers will center their dis-
ions around the main theme
ernational Law and the Unit-
pening the six day confer-
this morning will be Dean E.
he Stason of the University
School who will preside over
first sessions. "New VistasIn
rnational Law" will be dis-
ed by Prof. Philip C. Jessup of
imbia University and Prof.
on Katz of Harvard Law

Peaceful Move
lIade by Molotov
Russian Minister Pledges Support
To UN Anti-Aggression Policies
SAN FRANCISCO (P)-V. M. Molotov yesterday put before the
United Nations a far-reaching Russian bid for "peaceful coexistence"
to end the cold war.
He left the next move to the United States and the other Western
The Soviet foreign minister told the 10th anniversary meeting of
the UN that "We should pass from words to deeds and embark upon
such steps as would lead to theestablishment of the necessary trust
among nations."
"What is obviously needed," he said, "is something more than just
verbal recognition of the principle of coexistence and peaceful co-
operation between countries with different social structures. .
What we are all interested in today -





To Resign in Government Crisi

Both men are former United
States ambassadors.
Commercial Treaties
Prof. Robert R. Wilson of Duke
University, former consultant for
the State Department, and Prof.
X. A Bayitch of the University of
Miami Law School will discuss
commercial treaties . during the
morning meeting also. ,
The afternoon session will open
with a talk on "The Policy Sci-
enqe Approach" by Prof. Myres
S. McDougal of the Yale Law
School. Prof. Oliver J. Lissitzyn
of Columbia University will com-
ment on the speech.
A panel presentation by Prof.
Herbert W. Briggs, Cornell Uni-
versity; Prof. Quincy Wright, Uni-
versity of Chicago; Prof. Stefan
A. Riesenfeld, University of Cali-
fornia, and Louis B. Wehle, New
York lawyer will cover the topic
"Neeeded and Projected Research
in International Legal Studies."
International Law
The first day of the Institute
will end with the evening session
where "The Law of International
Trade and Investment" will be
the topic. Prof. John P. Dawson
of the University Law School will
preside at the meeting.
Members of the evening pro-
gram are Prof. Roland J. Stanger,
Ohio State University, Prof. Katz,
and Prof. Kingman Brewster,
Harvard Law School.
' The conference will continue
until next Tuesday.
a Additional Meetings
Noted speakers who will take
part in additional meetings in-
clude the Honorable Ernest A.
Gross, former legal adviser of
the State Department, Assistant
Secretary of State and Deputy
Representative of the U.S. to the
Security Council..
"The First Decade of the Unit-
ed Nations" and "Limitations on
What the United Nations Can Do
Successfully" will be the topics
of discussion that will close the
conference next week.
Attorneys Ask
Of Buildings
University attorneys have filed
a circuit court petition asking con-
demnation of two parcels of priv-
ate property needed for construc-
tion of the new $1,700,000 Student
Activities Building.
Nine lots in the area immediate-
ly'south of the Student Publica-
tions Building have already been
purchased by the University. To-
tal cost of all the property is ex-
pected to be approximately $300,-
Refusals by Mary J. Taft and I.
Chester Taft, sister and brother,
and Guernsey P. Collins to sell to
the Universtiy at the appraisal
prices has held up progress on the
building for some time.
Unger Michigan law, unless the
University and the property own-
ers come to terms out of court,
tne court will determine pubie
necessity and fair value.
Circuit Judge James R. Breakey,
Jr. wi 'either appoit a three.
wan commn'ssion or yutmino11 a 12-
man 'ury tC decide the ca
The Bc "d of Regeats approved
condemnation proceedings at its
June meeting.
Regent Kenneth M. Stevens
suggested at the meeting that the

is not merely that certain princi-
ples be recognized or proclaimed
but that concrete action be taken
to serve the cause of maintaining
and cementing international peace
and security."
Applauded by Delegates
To the applause of delegates of
59 other countries and hundreds
of San Franciscans, Molotov pledg-
ed the support of the Soviet Union
to the UN in its continuing ef-
forts to cement peace and restore
international trust.
As to step on that road, he urged
the UN to consider calling a world
economic conference to facilitate
the development of international
Molotov's program e m b r a c e d
many of the major points Moscow
has fought for in vain in the last
10 years. Here are some of the
moves he said should be made:
Major Moves
1. Red China must be seated in
the UN without "further procras-
tination" and the island of Formo-
sa must be a"returned" to the Chi-
nese authorities on the mainland,
that is, the Communists.
2. Settlement of the problem of
atomic weapons, renunciation of
the use of atomic and hydrogen
weapons, and outlawing of these
weapons completely.
3. Inclusion of representatives of
Red China in future discussions on
the problem of reduction of arma-
ments, the prohibition of atomic
weapons and the "removal of the
threat of a new war."
4. Implementation of the Gener-
al Assembly's resolution on the
termination of war propaganda in
all countries..

U.S Might
Have New
Atom Iomb
CHICAGO (W) - Chicago area
atomic scientists speculated yes-
terday that the United States
has a new, more powerful and
cheaper atomic bomb.
Members of the Atomic Scien-
tists of Chicago released a state-
ment to that effect at a luncheon
on the University of Chicago
"Scientists -have suggested," the
statement said, "that the hydro-
gen bomb detonated in the Paci-
fic in March of 1954 was actually
a new device-a hydrogen-ranium
bomb yielding thousands of times
the radioactivity produced by the
atomic bombs tested in Nevada,
or by a simple hydrogen bomb."
The statement added that a
speech made at the University of
Chicago June 3 by Dr. Willard
F. Libby, member of the Atomic
Energy Commission, was "the
first major speech to give suffi-
cient information supporting this
The scientists said Libby's
speech indicated that "ordinary,
cheap uranium"' was the major
explosive content of the Pacific
bomb." ,

Stevens Quits Post;
Brucker Appointed
'U' Alumnus, Former Governor
To Be Next Secretary of Defense
WASHINGTON (?)-Robert T. Stevens quit as secretary of the
Army yesterday a year after his celebrated row with Sen. Joseph Mc-
Carthy (R-Wis.)
President Dwight D. Eisenhower named Pentagon general coun-
sel Wilber M. Brucker, University graduate and one time Republican
governor of Michigan, to succeed him.
Stevens, who had said repeatedly he would stay in office as long
as the President wanted him, gave unspecified "compelling personal
considerations" as his reasons for resigning, effective toward the end
of next month.
No Reference to Vow
President Eisenhower, in a letter accepting the resignation "with
deep regret," praised him for "devotion" and told him he had "con-
tributed extensively to the vitals

task of reshaping our military
forces to conform to the conditions
of our time."
Neither man made any reference
to the McCarthy-Army row which
roared to a climax just about this
time last year.
Since then four other figures in
the controversy have left the gov-
ernment - McCarthy aides Roy
M. Cohn and Francis P. Carr; Ar-
my counsel John G. Adams and
Asst. Secretary of Defense H.
Struve Hensel.
In addition Sen. McCarthy was
rebuked by the Senate-though not
on charges growing directly out of
his feud with Stevens and other
Pentagon officials. Sen. McCarthy
declined comment Wednesday on
Stevens' resignation.
Clash With McCarthy
Bruckner, who will be 61 Thurs-
day, has been the Defense Depart-
ment's general counsel-and head
of its security system-since April
1954. He had something of a clash.
with McCarthy during a Senate
investigation of the "Who Pro-
moted Peress?" case earlier this

The White House announced the
Stevens-Bucker shift just before
Eisenhower took off for a swing
through New England. Only Tues-
day presidential press secretary
James C. Hagerty denied any
knowledge that the long-rumored
Stevens resignation was imminent.
Stevens-Brucker. shift just before
of Defense Wilson rode with the
President from the White House
to the airport.
Appoint ment
Called Shock
Michigan Governor Wilber M..
Brucker said yesterday his ap-
pointment as Secretary of the
Army "came as a tremendous sur-
prise" to him,
"I didn't know about it until two
hours ago when I was called to the
White House and invited to take
the post," Brucker said as his se-
lection was announced.
Varied Comment
"It may soundstrange, coming
from the Army's legal counsel, but
I didn't even know Secretary Ste-
vens was resigning."
Elsewhere around Washington,
comment on the appointment var-
ied as between Republicans and
Brucker's f e 11 o w Republicans
heartily endorsed it. But Patrick
V. McNamada, Democratic Sena-
tor, remarked:
"I think it is obviously a politi-
cal appointment and will be rec-
ognized as such, particularly in
Michigan. As such, it won't do the
Army any good but it will do the
Democrats a lot of good, particu-
larly in 1956."
Great Praise
David W. Kendall of Jackson,
Michigan Republican N a t i o n a 1
Committeeman and recently ap-
pointed General Counsel to the
Treasury Department, called the
move "splendid." He added:

... to open conference ... to speak tonight
Great Lakes Conference
To Convene Here Today
A two day conference on the Great Lakes will open here at 4:15
p.m. today.
University President'Harlan H. Hatcher will begin the event in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theater with a talk entitled "Michigan and the Great
Lakes" at 4:15 p.m. today.
At 8 p.m. in Auditorium A, Angell Hall, General A. G. L. McNaugh-
ton, Chairman of the Canadian Section of the International Joint
Commission will lecture on "The Significance of the St. Lawrence Sea-
way to the Lakes States and Provinces."
General McNaughton heads the Commission which has under its

Political Survey of Campus Taken'

Under the supervision of John
P. White and Prof. Joseph E. Kal-
lenbach of the political science
.department, course 116 conducted
375 student interviews last semes-
ter in connection with its course
of study, "Public Opinion and
Each of the sixty-five class
members completed seven inter-
views during the semester. The in-
terviewees were selected randomly
from the Student Directory with
the aid of a table of random num-
Although the questionnaire that
was used was based on one used
by the Survey Research Center in
1952,.there were several original
questions. By not having to com-
pose their own questionnaire, the
class was able to begin work of
interviewing as quickly as pos-
sible. Since the course is only
given one semester, the time ele-
ment was of vital importance.
Eisenhower Preferred
In response to the question of
preferred presidential candidate in
1952, 69% named Dwight D. Ei-
senhower and 28% Adlai Ste-
When asked who they would
like to see nominated by each
party in 1956, the students over-
whelmingly chose Stevenson and
Nearest rival in the Democratic
column only polled 6% and was
Governor G. Mennen Williams,
while Stevenson polled 66%. Es-.
tes Kefauver and Averall Harri-
man were named and received 3%
and 1% respectively.
On the Republican list, Eisen-
hower polled 74% being followed
by Richard Nixon and Earl War-
ren with 1% and Joseph McCar-
thy with 2%.
Best Choice
In another part of the ques-
tionnaire the students were re-
quested to classify themselves as
strong, weak, or independent Re-

sharply from the results gath-
ered by the Survey Research
Center in 1952. The'1952 survey
was a national one while the Po-
litical Science 116 survey was
representative only of the stu-
dents at the University, White ex-
plained. He commented further
by saying that the two different
results were consistent and not
too surprising when you under-
stood what each represented.
Republican Stronghold
The University is located in a
state which is considered a nor-
mal Republican stronghold. Be-
sides, college students as a group
usually come from a higher social-
economic status which tends to
produce more Republicans.
The survey also snowed that
parents' party affiliation had a

strong influence upon the stu-
dent's identification. Literary col-
lege and graduate students in the
social sciences were predominant-
ly Denocratic, while literary col-
lege and graduate students in nat-
ural sciences and humanities were
decidedly Republican. Likewise the
professional schools were over-
whelmingly Republican.
Another question asked the stu-
dent to suppose there was an,
election where his party was run-
ning a candidate that he did not
like and he didn't agree' with.
What. would he do? Seventy-six
per cent said they would probably
vote for the other candidate; 15%
thought they would vote for him
anyway, while 7% believed. they
would not vote for either candi-

World News
By The Associated Press
HONOLULU - The Star-Bulle-
tin said yesterday the Army has
ordered its area commanders to
take into custody three former
American soldiers the Communists
say now have permission to leave
Red China.
The three, dishonorably dis-
charged when as prisoners of war,
chose to remain in Red China aft-
er the Korean War. They are Cpl.
Lewis W. Griggs, Jacksonville,
Tex.; Cpl. Otho G. Bell, Olympia,
Wash., and Cpl. William Cowart,
Dalton, Ga.
* * *
DETROIT - The Ford-General
Motors version of a modified guar-
anteed wage was extended yester-
day to 6,000 tool -and die men in 75
Detroit shops.
The other auto labor develop-
ments, both the Ford and General
Motors contracts were given votes
of approval by major units of the
CIO United Auto Workers..'
* * *
MOSCOW - P r i m e Minister
Jawaharlal Nehru of India and So-
viet Premier Nicolai Bulganin to-
day published a joint declaration
calling for peaceful surrender of
Formosa to the Chinese Commu-

jurisdiction the projected St. Law-
rence power development.
Tomorrow panel discussion on
"Michigan and the Great Lakes"
will be held. Discussion leader Mil-
ton P. Adams of the Michigan Wa-
ter Resources Commission will lead
talks on "Water Quality and Water
Usage of the Great Lakes."
Prof. Stanley G. Fontana, dean
of the School of Natural Resources
will discuss "Conservation" tomor-
row. In addition talks on public
water supply sources, industrial us-
age of water, navigation and cur-
rents and water masses will be
considered by the panels.
World's First
Cable Begun
CLARENVILLE, Newfoundland
---P)-The laying of the world's
first trans-oceanic telephone cable
started yesterday.
It is to stretch from this rugged
fishing village across the Atlan-
tic's floor to Oban, Scotland.
The Clarenville end of the cable,
which will span 2,250 statute miles,
was christened with sea water
from Heart's Content Bay, site of
the first successful Atlantic tele-
phone cable landing near here in
The 8,050-ton British ship Mon-
arch, spinning the cable slowly out
of her huge tanks, will reach Oban
by the end of the summer,

Own Party
In Ouster,
Reshuffling Try
Proves Failure
ROME (P)-A Rightist minori-
ty in his own Christian Democrat
party forced pro-Western Premier
Mario Scelba to resign yesterday
and plunged Italy into a govern-
mental crisis.
The resignation came just two
months after Scelba made a tr-
umphal tour of the United
States in which he was received
by President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower and hailed by thousands of
Italian-Americans as a stout1
friend of the United States.
It was a bitter day for the little
Sicilian who has become known
as Italy's leading postwar foe of
Bloc Reshuffled
After long and futile efforts to
avert the crisis by reshuffling his
Center bloc - coalition Cabinet,
Scelba gave up trying to close
rifts in his own Christian Demo.
crat party ranks.
He was obliged to notify Presi-
dent Giovanni Gronchi, member
of the Leftist branch of the
Christian Democrats, that his
Cabinet could not continue in of-
fice. Scelba had opposed the Com-i
munist-supported Gronchi's elec.
tion last April.
Following the usual routine of
Italian government crises, Gron-
chi asked Scelba and his minis-
ters to remain at their posts
while a solution Is sought.
Seeks Conferences
The President then scheduled a
series of conferences with Italian
political leaders preparatory to
asking one of them to try to form
a new government.
Scelba's p osi t i on suddenly
weakened Tuesday night when the
Christian Democrat party direc-
torate declared in an official oiji-
munique that it did not consider
his Cabinet reshuffle an adequate
means of reconstituting the Dem-
ocratic coalition.
In a final Cabinet meeting yes-
terday that lasted three hours,
Scelba and his ministers made
their decision.
Rightists Accused
His vice premier, Social Demo-
crat Giuseppe Saragat, came out
of the long session to make a
heated statement. He accused
Rightist groups of the Christian
Democrats of having made a
deal with Monarchist-Fascists to
open the crisis.
"The difficulty within the
Christian Democrat party," said
Saragat, "is more personal than
Checkmate Attempted
"Small minority groups within
the Christian Democrats, in an at-
tempt to checkmate their own
party, are making use of the to-
talitarian forces of both the Right
and left."
Since the end of the war
there have been about a dozen
Italian government crises. Dir-
ing these, administrative func-
tions continue but no Importan*
new decision is taken.
SGC To Use
Absentee Vote
Like other University students,
a majority of Student Government

Council members are enjoying a
vacation during the Summer Ses-
However, in the event that any
issue requiring immediate action
does occur, absentee SGC mem-
bers will be notified and a vote by
mail will be taken.
While no "official" SGC meet-
ings will be held during the sum-
mer, the Council will function in-
formally through the Office of
Student Affaris.
Another activity of SGC during
the next two months is the prepar-

Davy Crockett Becomes Idol of Younger Set

"I don't think there has ever
been anybody who has done quite
what Davy's done," is the way
H o w a r d Baumgartel describes1
America's latest native hero, Davy
Baumgartel, Study Director at
the Survey Research Center,
mused on the popularity of the'
Crockett legend, w h i c h has
reached an unprecedented high
only several months after its ini-
tial television viewing on the Walt
Disney program.
He has had somewhat close con-
tact with the Indian fighter,
watching his own sons, aged three
and seven, and the neighborhood
boys idealize Davy.
Very Traditional

the child wants to love and be
In addition, the child has very
deep hatreds and desires to de-
stroy certain persons in the
Crockett Is 'Out'
"Davy Crockett gives him an
out," Baumgartel feels. "For ex-
ample, in the Indian tale he can
kill in a very violent and spec-
tacular way, and at the same
time is able to become friends
with the Indians.
"In the language of a child, he
is able to destroy and love and
accept his enemy. This is the ex-
act relationship he has with his
Davy is now capturing young
hearts on the nation's screens in

again after having idealized and
created the myth in their own
minds of a god-like personality.
"When they see him a second
time, a little more realistically,
they - have a consequent feeling
of being deprived of something.
Absolutistic Phase
"The child goes through a very
absolutistic phase and learns only
to be able to deal with the rela-
tive things as he grows older,"
he said. He speculated that the
child had projected into the per-
sonality of Davy Crockett more
than was even on the original
television show."
"Adults encourage and sustain
their own children's interest in
Davy. It is the parents reacting
of their own childhood imnulses


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