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August 10, 1955 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1955-08-10

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Yl r e

Latest Deadline in the State



L. LXV, No. 37S



South Korea Says,
Reds. Plan Attack
Foreign Minister Cho Warns U.S.
Of Further Demonstrations; 22 Hurt
SEOUL (P)-South Korea declared yesterday a new Communist
atta'ck was near, again warned Red Truce teams to get out and hint-
ed more demonstrations were to come.
Four days of rioting already have injured 22 United States
Even as Cho Chung Hwan, acting foreign minister, issued his
warning, 700 U.S. soldiers faced 1,500 Koreans demonstrating against
the truce teams at the nearby port of Inchon.
Workers Join Demonstrators
About 1,200 railway workers reinforced demonstrators who yes-
- terday were repulsed by tear gas














NieSgebyLecture Series.

,Still Backs
CHICAG () - Gov. Averill
Harriman of New York said yes-
terday "I haven't changed my
mind -- I'm for Adlai Stevenson"
for the Democratic presidential
nomination next .year.
Harriman also predicted that
"the Democrats are going to win
in 1956."
The New York Democrat spoke
s up at a news conference upon his
arrival for the 47th annual Gov-
ernors' Conference, where some of
hi s 'gubernatorial colleagues of
both pares have been saying they
regard him as a potential Demo-
cratic candidate next year.
Reporter Asks Question
"You are not a candidate?" a
reporter asked.
"I'm for Adlai Stevenson," Har-
riman repeated.
His remarks preceded a dinner
to which Stevenson had invited
Harriman and others, at Steven-
son's suburban Libertyville home.
Harriman said he had no intention
of raising the question of Steven-
son's own political intentions.
Republicans, too, were getting in
on the political haymaking that is
the major sideline of the gover-
nor's meeting.
Republican Plans Changeover
One GOP governor, J. Bracken
Lee of Utah, declared he would
bolt to the Democratic party next
year if it puts up the right kind
of candidate.
Otherwise, Republican governors
appearto be solidly behind Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Stevenson has been holding sort
of open house for Democratic gov-
ernors. Several have visited him
already and come away with no
definite word that he expects to
try for renomination in 1956. But
they "say, too, that he certainly
hasn't slammed the door to an-
other attempt.
As to why he says the Demo-
crats can come back next year,
Harriman declared:
"Because I doubt if ever in his-
tory there has been such a reac-
tion against a party as there has
been against the Republican party
in the past two and a half years."
Ike Signs Bill
For Military
Reserve Plan
WASHINGTON (P) --President
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
signed legislation giving the Pen-
tagon limited authority to use
persuasion and compulsion to
build up the nation's military re-
He issued a statement saying
that the bill "falls short" of the
program he recommended, but he
is approving it because of provi-
sions that will "definitely strength-
en the reserve structure."
The bill is designed to expand
the 700,000-man trained reserve
fore to 2,900,000 men by getting
more youths into the reserves and
requiring them to keep up train-
The deadline for presidential ac-
tion on the measure was midnight
yesterday. The President signed it
at his Gettysburg, Pa., farm. The
announcement that he had done
so was issued by the White House.
More Salk Polio
Vaccine Released


when they tried to storm the truce
team's compound on Wolmi Is-
land in the harbor.
Seven U.S. soldiers were injured
by flying rocks and sticks, none
seriously. Nine Koreans were re-
ported injured.
Urges U.S. To Fight
Cho's warning was one of a ser-
ies of official statements which,
urged the United States to resume
the fighting, called again for re-
covery of Red-occupied territory
northwest of Seoul, and accused
high Russian officers of infiltrat-
ing the truce inspection setup.
'Cho said South Korea could
"wait no longer" because "the
danger is too great. The day of
renewed Communist attack too
"We cannot be i-esponsible for
any incident involving members of
the commission who fail to with-
draw," he said.
A joint statement by two of
South Korea's top military leaders
urged the United States "to recog-
nize that the truce has ended and
to resume the fighting for our
unification before we are left

Sen. Morse,.
Sen. Wiley,
To Appear

Peale To


...to debate foreign policy

Elmn Disease Destroys Campus Treesl

Three of the stately old elm
trees in the middle of the campus
have been found to have Dutch
Elm disease and are being remov-
ed by the order of the state con-
servation department.
According to a Plant Depart-
nent spokesman, there may be
other trees on campus that have

become infected with the disease,
but as of the present, haven't
shown the fact.
The only treatmentdpossible aft-
er the tree becomes diseased is to
cut it down, in hopes of prevent-
ing the infection from spreading
to nearby trees.
The Plant Department will soon

start spraying the trees on cam-
pus t otry to kill the small beet-
les that carry the disease.
The Plant Department said that
there are no present plans for re-
placing the trees that are being
removed, but that many trees are
replaced each year, to conform to
the overall landscape pattern of
;he University.
The campus area is not the only
part of Ann Arbor which has be-
come infected. There are 260 oth-
er trees scattered throughout the
city which must be removed in the
next 15 days under the penalty of
the law.
Farmers Say '
Tour of Soviet
Bogging Down
American farmers touring the So-
viet Union complained yesterday
their trip is bogging down.
They are anxious to get to the
Central Asian virgin farmlands.
The party split into two groups
yesterday to visit the big hydro-
electric projects on the Volga and
to inspect farms in the area.
The Americans still feel they are
spending too much time at vodka
banquets and too little in the
Thr say they should have
reached the virgin farmlands days'
ago, but these areas--opened un-
der a program sponsored by Com-
munist party boss Nikita S. Khru-
shchev-are still far, away. The
visitors consider this new land pro-
gram vital to Soviet agriculture..
The visitors are growing increas-.
ingly critical of Soviet agriculture,
especially its vast use of man-
power and womanpower and short-
age of piechanization.
The official newspaper of the
Soviet Agriculture Ministry said
Asa V. Clark of Pullman, Wash.,
asked a collective farm chief how
many persons are needed to oper-
ate Russia's self-propelled grain
combines. Told two are required,
Clark said:
"Such machines in the United
States are operated by one per-
cn °

Nine noted personalities have
been signed for the 101st annual
University Lecture Course.
Beginning its second century of
existence, the nation's oldest
platform series will feature Unit-
ed States Senators Alexander Wi-
ley (R-Wis) and Wayne Morse
(D-Ore), Norman Vincent Peale,
Clifton Fadiman, Henry Hull,
General Carlos P. Romulo, Rudolf
Bing,Edith Atwater and Albert
Opening on Oct. 12 will be
General Carlos P. Romulo, famous
Philippine statesman and distin-
guished orator, who will speak
on "America's Stake in Asia."
Opera Manager
Rudolph Bing, manager of the
Metropolitan Opera Association
will deliver an address on "The
Arts -- America vs. Europe" to
local audiences on Oct. 18.
Leading members of the Sen-
ate ForeignRelations Committee,
Senators Alexander Wiley and
Wayne Morse, will debate "Our
Foreign Policy-Right or Wrong?"
on Nov. 15.
Character actor Henry Hull will
present "An Evening with Mark
Twain" Nov. 21.
Costumed and made-up as the
great American writer and humor-
ist, Hull will read from and com-
ment extensively upon ever-popu-
lar selections from Twain's works.
TV Personality
Essayist, critic and TV person-
ality Clifton Fadiman will discuss'
and present selections f r o m
"Reading I've Liked" Jan. 10.
Norman Vincent Peale, one of
the nation's most influential in-
spirational leaders, will elaborate
on his book, "The Power of Posi-
tive Thinking" Feb. 20. The most
widely-read work of non-fiction in
America during the past two
years, the book is expected to pass
its third year on the best-seller
lists in mid-fall.
On March 6, a dramatic pro-
gram starring Edith Atwater and
Albert Dekker, "Two is a Com-
pany," will conclude the series.
Drama Season Star
Miss Atwater is the star of sev-
eral previous University Drama
Season offerings and has appeared
on Broadway in "Time Out for
Ginger" and "The Man Who Came
to Dinner," among many other
Dekker was most recently seen
in a supporting role in Elia Ka-
zan's "East of Eden."
All programs are to be present-
ed at 8:30 p.m. in Hill Auditor-
The box office will open for sea-
son-ticket sales Sept. 19. Mail or-
ders are now being accepted.

In lecture series

Reaches New
High for U.S.
WASHINGTON (A')-Almost 65
million Americans had jobs in
July - a new high for the nation
-the government said yesterday
in another report on national pros-
Some 2,471,000, or 3.7 per cent
of the civilian labor force, were
out of work. The unemployment
total thus dropped nearly a mil-
lion below July a year ago and
about 200,000 from the preceding
Secretary Sinclair Weeks of
Commerce and Secretary James
Mitchell of Labor gave 'the "un-
precedented" employment figures
in a report which said with satis-
"The rate of employment in-
crease the past five months has
not been matched since the post-
war reconversion period of 1946."
The number of employed rose to
64,995,000, close to a million above
the previous record established in
June and nearly 2,850,000 higher
than July a year ago.
About five million persons have
been added to the jobholding total
since last February. The average
spring and summer increase be-
tween 1947 and 1954 was three

GENEVA (P)-Are you having
trouble understanding the
Does it bother you when
people talk about fissionable
material0 and nuclear power
Some idea of what atom_
scientists grapple with came last
night in a speech by Nobel-
winning physicist Niels Bohr of
Denmark before the Interna-
tional Atoms-for-Peace Confer-
ence here.
Dr. Bohr said at one point:
"In the mathematical form-
alism of quantum mechanics
which contains the classical
physical theories as a limiting
case, the kinematical and dyna-
matical variables are replaced
by symbolic operators subject
to a noncommutative algorithm
involving Planck's constant."
Soviet Considers
Lifting Censorship
MOSCOW (R)-A Soviet spokes-
man said last night the govern-
ment is studying whether to lift
censorship on all dispatches sent
from the Soviet Union.
Leonid Ilyichev, press chief of
the foreign ministry, gave this re-
sponse to an inquiry.

Coast Cities
By Storm
Winds Moving
Slowly to North
HATTERAS, N.C. (A)b- Hurri-
cane Connie, churning destructive
135-mile an hour winds, walloweda
slowly toward the North Carolina
coast last night, bringing the en-
tire Eastern seaboard under hurri-
cane alert.
The latest Weather Bureau ad-
visory indicated the storm had
shifted its course slightly to the
westward, thus exposing the more
densely populated areas of the
North Carolina coast to its fury.
At 8 p.m., EST, 7 p.m. CST, the
Weather Bureau said she was 300
miles southeast of Wilmington and
moving northwest at 6to 7 miles
an hour.
Expected Slow, Erratic
Her future movement, the bu
reau said; "is expected to be slow
and erratic but most likely in a
northwestwardly direction." Earl-
ier Connie had been moving at
10 to 11 miles an hour toward
this Atlantic outpost..
The slowed movement of the
hurricane raised the possibility of
considerable delay before its final
course is definite.
Earlier it had appeared that
Connie would reach the mainland
this morning. At the 8 p.m for-
ward rate, it would take abot
two days for the eye to reach land.
Waves. Pound Beaches
But high waves already pounded
the Carolina beaches as reaIdlnts
up and down the coast rushed pre-
The ominous hurricane flage
flapped in steadily mounting winds
from Cape Lookout, south of here,
to Norfolk, Va., at midafternoon,
The weather Bureau warned that
full-scale hurricane warnings
might replace the alert northward
to New York within the next 24
The coastal sections of Massa-
chusetts, Rhode Island and Con-
necticut were placed under hurri-
cane alerts.
Warnings Issued
The alert, issued by the East
Boston, Mass. Weather Bureau,
warned residents of the three
states to prepare for "possible
issue of hurricane warnings in the
next 24 to 36 hours."
Gales up to 75 miles an hour
whipped out "300 miles to the
north and east of the eye.
Heavy seas pounded dangerous-
ly near beach cottages and arti-
ficial sand dunes thrown up at'
several North Carolina resort
areas after last year's disastrous
Hurricane Hazel.
North Carolina highway patrol.-
men, Red Cross disaster special-
ists, Civil Air Patrol personnel and
coast guardsmen stood by for
rescue work.
Order Planes
To Evacuate
Force ordered evacuation of all
planes from fields along the At-
lantic coast from Charleston, S.C.,
to Newcastle, Del., yesterday as
hurricane Connie threatened the
Other military services took
similar precaustions, although the
Pentagon had no specific sched-

ule of their movements.
Air Force spokesmen said that
by nightfall all aircraft that can
fly would be well beyond the path
of possible danger from the hurri-
Military planes from Andrews
Air Force Base, Md., were flying
to Wright-Patterson Field, D'y-
ton, Ohio, and Baer Field, Fort
Wayne, Ind.
Morale of Revenue
+t nrr'TU K A -3 *a c, T mA

Some .Survive Summer,
Size Sizzling Session
The University's summer enrollment reached a new peak this
season along with Ann Arbor's temperature.
As over 6,000 students converged in the city for the six, eight
and eleven week sessions offered in the University's various schools
and colleges, the campus took on a more informal air.
Professors were easily mistaken for their students as they rolled
up their shirtsleeves, mopped their pedagogical brows and seated
themselves against assorted tree trunks- to conduct their classes
on the ant-populated lawns in front of Mason Hall.
Everyone Thirsty
Long lines circled about the drinking fountains and even an
occasional tall dog joined his 'best friend' in a long lap from campus
aqua stations. Temperatures soar-



Predict Compettive Atomic Energy

GENEVA (P)-Leading Russian
and American Scientists agreed
yesterday the world is entering an
era in which atomic power plants
will be able to match costs of the
conventional coal and water pow-
er plants.
They expressed their views be-
fore atomic experts of 72 nations
at the International Atoms-for-
Peace Conference, who also heard
predictions of a world-wide boom
which would see billions of dollars
spent in a gigantic . atomic con-
struction program.
Just how long it will take for
a,,,mrrmmi. +rn hnbme cnmnMi-

James A. Lane of the Oak Ridge,
Tenn., National Laboratory, said
there is a good possibility that
atomic power will become compe-
titive with conventional power
"within the next 15 to 20 years'
in the United States.
The apparent slowness in the
United States program is main-
ly a question of meeting the un-
usually low production costs of
conventional power production.
U.S. Average Lower
The national average cost of
electricity in the United States
ranges from four to seven mills per
1l-m ++.t Annrv, ili ernnhn w . far

Despite the relatively small size'
of the plan, Zinn reported it was
turning out electricity at 30 to 34
me a kilowatt.
Costs Estimated
Meanwhile, two experts--J. M.
Hill of Britain and W. K. Davis
of the United States-gave the
delegates estimates on the cost of
constructing nuclear power sta-
tions. The costs vary according
to the size of the installation, but
the British estimates were con-
siderably higher than the Ameri-
Hill estimated an atomic pow-
P. nant w aith a.nonansi, orf 1 51 -

ed, and students foamed at the
mouth as the beer depot's eco-
nomic status rose rapidly.

Arbor is sadly lacking in veran-
dahs," she lamented.
Moonlight vs. Books
Gerry Laube. '56. who attended

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