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August 05, 1955 - Image 2

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1955-08-05

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Sixty-Fifth Year

"But First A Few Words From Our Sponsors"

NSA President Calls
Warsaw Festival Red'

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.
'U' TV Station Would Present
A Variety of Programs

.-.+NW rw rww1
, ~A'3


MQ' 79 - i\,

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the second of tw
articles dealing with prospects for a University
television station.)
T HROUGHOUT the nation as of today 12
universities are operating their own edu-
cation teevee stations, financed primarily by
appropriations from state legislatures and pri-
vate grants.
In the Midwest, Wisconsin has a UHF sta-
tion in Madison, the University of Illinois
just went on the air over a VHF station, while
Iowa State operates a station that accepts
commercial advertising. Indiana University is
cooperating with local stations in presenting
educational programs. Ohio State has an FCC
license and is planning a station. Pur-
due is still studying the matter.
Sixty miles west of Ann Arbor, Michigan
State University has been feeding the Lansing
area 30 hours a week of programs over WKAR-
TV for over a year.
The MSU station, which has a single-insti-
tution UHF license, is supported mostly by
tax-money,- partially by private grants.
Here' is a run-down of some typical pro-
grams offered by the MSU station on a nor-
mal day:
"Learn to Type"; "Ladies Time"; "Methods
of Teaching"; "Toy Shop"; "Veterans Should
Know"; "Sports Whirl"; "Campus Capers";
"Humanities"; "You Wanted To Know";
"Great Plains Trilogy"; "Books and Views";
"Magic of the Atom"; "Keyboard Music."
Most of these programs are, obviously, quite
harmless but others are valuable educationally.
Now, however, Michigan State is making
plans to abandon its UHF station in favor of
joining with a Lansing VHF station to pre-
sent both educational and commercial pro-
grams. If this materializes, MSU will be com-
pelled to accept commercial advertising.
Assuming that the University somehow gets
the capital to establish its own TV station,
what kind of programs would the station offer?
Prof. Garnet Garrison, Director of Univer-
sity Television, has presented The Daily with
several broad categories of programs designed
to meet specialized interests:
1.) General adult education and information.
"A hunger to know is quite universal. The dif-
ferent interests and needs of housewives, busi-
ness men and women, laborers, clerks and sec-
retaries, farmers and city folk and many others
can be served effectively and easily via tele-
courses on a variety of subjects from wood-
working to literature. A better informed adult
citizenry is a "must" for an effective democra-
tic society. A non-commercial station permits
discussion of important public issues on the
local, state and national level in prime eve-
ning time Specialists would be available as
guests on news programs for first hand au-
thoritative comments, Interests of the general
audience also embrace sports and special ex-
hibits. Such activities at the University may be
presented via film and on-the-spot pick-ups."
2. Out-of-school viewing for children of
school age and daytime viewing by pre-school
children. "Here is an area which in commercial
television programming is a subject of great
criticism. Parents and children would have
more choice of programs with a non-commer-
cial University station. Series would be de-
signed to answer the criticism directed against
some current program practices. Athletic in-
struction by University coaches and top cam-
pus athletes would have high interest value
for teen age boys and girls, for example, in
addition to being imaginative and interesting,
sholud attract sizeable audiences."
3.) General Programming. "Many programs
would be designed to enrich the lives of the
people, such as various series in fine arts, mu-
sic, literature and drama. Programs which are

of the entertainment type will be utilized also
as an outlet for students engaged in taking tele-
vision or allied courses, such as music and
speech. Experimentation in programming tech-
niques will be encouraged."
4.) Programs designed for classroom recep-
tion. "This parallels roughly the current wide-
spread use of radio programs in the classroom.
As supplemental aids, the resources of a great
University will be made available to the teach-
er in a classroom. Imagine the stimulation for
a class in general science in a rural school
when a telecast from the Naval Tank deals
with scientific work in ship design or when
the working of the cyclotron in nuclear physics
research is explained by one of the nation's
leading physicists. How the teacher in such a
school would welcome a visit via television
into Michigan's historic Clements Library with
its rich storehouse of Americana, or the Uni-
versity's many museums. Students in civics
would eavesdrop on important discussions by
world figures as they visit the campus. Spe-
cialized series in art, music, language, voca-
tional guidance, etc., could be planned for in-
tegration into the curricula of the schools."
5.) Post-professional or in-service informa-
tion and instruction. "This type of program ser-
ies would bring to graduates of professional
schools information on the latest developments
in the respective fields. The schools of Business
Administration and Pharmacy, for example,
could offer television counterparts of their in-
teresting community service programs. The
School of Dentistry and the Engineering Col-
lege, and others, could have a continuing ser-
ies on recent developments in those profes-
sions. Papers on medical research might be
presented to a number of county medical so-
ciety meetings at the same time. These are
only illustrative of this important area."
6.) Direct adult education. "This area could
be an ettension of the Extension Service's ex-
cellent correspondence work. Students wlo are
not able to attend Extension Center classes be-
cause of distance or work schedules, might be
permitted to enroll in regular University Ex-
tension courses by television and receive credit
when successfully passing supervised exami-
nations. The specific details would need to be
carefully worked out in order to insure that
such courses are in accordance with regular
University academic procedures. This step has
not been approved by University administrators
to date, but it is a possibility."
7.) Continuing Public Relations. "Educators
have an excellent opportunity to schedule pro-
grams to aid the taxpayers and parents in un-
derstanding the varied aspects of instruction,
research and service. Television permits per-
sonal tours to classes and laboratories in oper-
ation and first hand reports on aims and pur-
poses of the educational system. The TV spot-
light may stimulate interest, provoke discus-
sion, and permit applause or constructive cri-
ticism for particular philosophies and methods
utilized. The public has an opportunity to judge
for itself."
Prof. Garrison emphasizes that there is no
substitute for high quality and stimulating per-
forman.ce. "The quickest way to kill educa-
tional television," he says, "is to have amateur-
ish direction and amateurish talent."
With a nappropriate subsidy, the University
has the resources and the talent to maintain a
high quality of performance in television broad-
But whatever the University decides upon in
the end, it is evident that the supporters of a
University television station have some very
convincing arguments, not the least of which
is the fact that the influence of the Univer-
sity would reach into thousands of homes.
With a television station, the opportunities for
public service are obviously unlimited and the
sky's the limit.

- a
Fiei'- etoe'Opr
Fie io --',Bethoven's Oera

(EDITOR'S NOTE: The Daily re-
ceived the following communication
from a former editor, Harry Lunn,
who is now president of the National
Student Association. Mr. Lunn re-
cently returned from the Internation-
al Student Conference held in Eu-
WHILE IN Europe at the Inter-
?national Student Conference,
a grouping of some 52 national
student organization of the free
world, I was very interested in
receiving clippings from The
Michigan Daily describing the
Fifth World Festival of Youth and
Students which is to be held in
Warsaw in a few days. The article
was accompanied by an editorial
written by Pat Roelofs, expressing
great disdain at the State Depart-
ment policy which does not allow
American students to participate
in this particular meeting.
Without particularly getting into
the State Department policy on
exchange, and -such laws as the
McCarran-Walter Immigration
Act, I do think that there are
several points in Miss Roelofs'
story and editorial that could bear
some explanation.
For one thing, the World Festi-
val is nothing more than a mass
Communist demonstration similar
to the Communist student meet-
ings that have been held in East-
ern Europe ever since the end of
the war. For this particular meet-
ing the Communists have been
spending a great deal of money
and have been sending publica-
tions on the Festival throughout
the United States. It might be
interesting to note that they have
made unauthorized use of the
Directory of the Seventh National
Congress of the United States Na-
tional Student Association in
spreading this propaganda through
the United States.
While I do not object at all to
discussion of this particular meet-
ing, I am a bit dismayed by some
of the writing in the articles in-
viting implication that this is
somehow a very democratic stu-
dent meeting. Sentences like
"Political beliefs ranging from the
extreme left to the reactionary
right will be represented at the
Conference" seem to me to express
an extremely naive opinion that
is not backed up at all by any
factual data. When Miss Roelofs
cites delegates to the Festival
such as the Young Presbyterians
of Scotland, the Electrical Trades
Union of London, a classical danc-
ing school in Belgium, she has no
way of knowing whether or not
these groups are in fact Com-
munist fronts. Without comment-
ing on these particular cases I
would say that it has been the
experience of the National Stu-
dent Association that many of
these groups cited in Communist
propaganda are nothing more than
Communist fronts in the countries
concerned, often set up expressly
for the purpose of sending a dele-
gation to a youth meeting such as
the Fifth World Festival.
Secondly, from the description of
the Festival included in The Daily,
it would seem that the Festival it-
self is an innocent little grouping
of students who will sing and
dance together and discuss intel-
lectual ideas late into the night.
Again I am afraid that the im-
pression is a bit inaccurate. Any
description of the Fifth World
Festival or other festivals of this
type that gives .this impression is

completely inaccurate and com-
pletely inconsistent with what
really goes on at a mass Com-
munist youth meeting. There is
music, there is dancing; it is all
secondary to the mass psychology
that is used to bring about student
solidarity behind the various Com-
munist political recommendations
that come out of these meetings.
This leads to my third point con-
cerning participation of American
students in such meetings. For
American students to go to such
a meeting may appear quite inno-
cent on the surface and may seem
the best thing to do in order to
promote world stability and peace.
But to take this position neglects
a very important purpose, from
the Communist standpoint, to
which the presence of American
students would contribute. And
that purpose is a propaganda pur-
pose essentially. For American
students at this meeting would be
used extensively for propaganda
purposes to support not only the
work of the Festival but to sup-
port the work of such organiza-
tins as the Communist dominated
World Federation of Democratic
Youth and International Union of
This work would directly un-
dermine the activities of such
organizations as the United States
National Student Association, who
have tried for some time to alert
the students in the United States
to the very real dangers posed by
the Communist dominated IUS
and WFDY. Finally, I think it "
would be very helpful if The Daily
would devote some attention to the
work of other international or-
ganizations in the student field,
such as the International Student
Conference that has recently- met
in Birmingham, as I have men-
tioned, and brought together rep-
resentatives from 52 national stu-
dent organizations throughout the
world. This is the largest and most
representative student meeting
ever held, and I think that it has
a greatddeal of importance for
students in this country and
throughout the world, since it con-
centrates not on political propa-
ganda but on practical programs
of assistance to students every-
The attention of the Conference
to these matters it not the atten-
tion of a partisan political group
interested in making capital - of
unpleasant situations in the stu-
dent world, but rather the atten-
tion of a group that is sincerely
concerned with student problems
throughout the world and is anx-
ious to assist in their solution,
I would only say that as a or-
mer editor of The Daily I am-
somewhat disappointed in the re-
porting on the World Festival and
in the interpretations on the Fes-
tival that appeared in the article
and in the editorial. While I agree
perfectly that these matters should
be iscussed and that there are
many possibly conflicting opinions
on these questions of exchange, I
still think it is important for the
factual material to be -accurate
unless very importan misunder-
standings are to arise among stu-
dents and educators in this coun-
try about the nature of interna-.
tional student organizations.
-Harry H. Lunn, Jr.
United States National
Student Association


Beethoven's FIDELI, present-
ed by the Department of Speech
and the School of Music.
FIDELIO is a pompous, bombas-
tic opera, a ponderously Mo-
zartian drama of courage and
freedom. Because it is by Beetho-
ven it gets performed, but it might
better be filed with Hugo Wolf's
Der Corregider or Beethoven's own
"Wellington" symphony among
the interesting mistakes of musi-
cal literature.
The story of the opera concerns
a political prisoner in eighteenth-
century Spain, a minor nobleman
named Florestan; his wife, Le-
onora, who disguises herself as the
boy Fidelio to work in the prison
so that she can free her husband;
and Don Pizzaro, the prison gov-
ernor who has thrown Florestan
into a dungeon to die. There is a
sub-plot involving the chief jail-
er, his daughter, and an assistant
jailer, who has a crush on the
daughter Marcellina. Marcellina,
to tiethe plots together, is ena-
mored of Fidelio, little aware that
he is not only married, but a
At the moment when Pizzare is
about to do away with Florestan
by his own hand, Leonora re-
veals herself and the Prime Min-
ister arrives with a pardon for all
of the prisoners of wicked Don
Pizzarro. It makes a dramatic
moment, complete with an off-
stage trumpet, but a single mo-
ment hardly justifies two and a
half hours of rough going.
Given such to work. with, the
production by the Speech depart-

ment and Music school is amaz-
ing for its vigor and its precision.
Nothing can keep- the opera from
being loud and clumsy, and this
production is all of that. But there
are enough good musical perform-
ances to maintain a maximum of
interest if not pleasure.
THE ROLE of Leonora is sung
by Joan Rossi, a young woman
with a warm voice and moderate
acting ability. Miss Rossi's range
restricts her at times, and she'
seems to have a little difficultyg y
taking her rightful share of en-
semble numbers, but for her ac-
complished first-act aria we may
certainly forgive a few weak mo-
ments. She holds the attention
throughout, and in such flamboy-
ant surroundings this is a matter
of some importance.
William Zakariasen appears as
Florestan. The role is relatively
small and offers Mr. Zakariasen
little opportunity to reveal great
vocal prowess. He is a trifle bois-
terous for a man who has been on
a bread-and-water diet for two
years, and has a tendency to rely
on traditional operatic gestures
when something less would do as
As is. customary, Don Pizzaro
(Thomas Tipton) comes very
close to stealing the show; there
seems to be nothing as admirable
as a good operatic villain. Mr. Tip-
ton is aware of his advantage, and
sneers and strides with great as-
surance. His voice, too, is the most
professional one in the cast, pow-
erful and clean, with the control
which clever bombastic singing de-

Ara Berberian (who will alter-
nate performances with William
DeMaria) has the role of Rocco,
the jailer. Mr. Berberian sings
well and possesses a practiced
stage presence. If he is hampered
at all it is by his impeccable enun-
ciation, for with this gift he re-
veals all of the ludicrous aspects
of a. libretto with too many re-
peated phrases and a grimly for-
mal vocabulary.
MARCELLINA is played by Stella
Baumann (and, alternately,
by Mary Ann Tinkham), and her
suitor Jacquine is Irving Ennis.
They are a pleasantly matched
couple, but suffer mostly because
they are not Masetto and Zerlina;
their voices are ' good, and are
well-used, but they don't really
have a chance to be much more
than excessively sweet.
The vocal performances are
generally competent, and the or-
chestra, under the direction of Dr.
Josef Blatt, is as subtle and pre-
cise as its size will allow. Perhaps
the most exciting moments of the
production occur during the play-
ing of the third Leonore overture
between the scenes of the second
act; but might it not have been
arranged so that the stage crew's
louder activities would coincide
with the forte passages of the ov-
And unquestionably the funiest
incident, in a theater whose tem-
perature rivals Utah's salt flats,
is Leonora's line as she descends
into Florestan's dungeon: "How
cold it is in these subterranean
-Tom Arp



Texas InuaceC.Boaz

America's widest Boso

NEW YORK (A) - America's widest bosom
doesn't belong to either Jane Russell or
Marilyn Monroe.
Leonard Warren, acknowledged by a number
of critics to be the world's present best drama-
tic baritone, says he is six feet tall, keeps his
weight around 200 pounds-and has a 52-inch
Well, ladies, may we go on from there?
In the fine art of operatic singing top dra-
matic sopranos, baritones, and the gents who
can dig a deep bass share a small but endlessly
competitive world.
The voice . . . the voice . . . it is everything.
It is a power in itself, a power above the temp-
tations of self-indulgence, even above the wist-
ful wish for money.
The Daily Staff
Managing Editors ......................... Cal Samra
Jim Dygert
Mary Lee Dingier, Marge Piercy, Ernest Theodossin

At least so says Warren, who says gimmicks
are helpful, but he has no gimmicks as a singer.
"No one gives a voice but God," he said. "All
that can be done then is to assist it.
"You must have the humility and intelligence
to use it. After all, why didn't my sister or
brother have this same gift? There had never
been, another singer in the family."
Egotism Justified
If this talking about his talent seems mildly
egotistical, on Warren's part it is justified.
Confidence in himself as well as his vocal cords
is a key part of his makeup, as it is with all
great singers.
They must feel a power over the audience
to control it.
Warren, a Bronx-born boy without Italian
blood who has been accepted and saluted by
the tough audiences of La Scala in Milan as
the top man in his field, is also conforted by
the recognition he has. achieved as the leading
baritone of the New York Metropolitan Opera.
"This is where I was born-this is where I
live," he said, "even to step upon the boards of
the Metropolitan Opera . . . It is a tradition

W ASHINGTON - The period
during a congressional session
when the public is most likely to
get rooked the most is during the
mad rush to close, when the so-
Ions are anxious to get home. The
newspapers and public-minded
Senators don't always have time
to watch these sneak bills, and
some lobbyists deliberately wait
until the last days of Congress to
shove them through.
Therefore, credit should go to
Senators Olin Johnston of South
Carolina and Tom Hennings of
Missouri, together with represen-
tatives Jack Brooks of Texas and
E. L. Forrester of Georgia, for
blocking a big insurance company
raid on the Treasury in regard to
the Texas City, Texas, explosion.
Senator Price Daniel of Texas
had sponsored a Senate bill which
would have reimbursed $41,200,000
to the insurance companies which
"nr a rn OC ivy ._ n _ rn - _0;+

between the House- and Senate,
Senators Johnston and Hennings
backed him up. They knocked out
the windfalls to the insurance
companies and Monsanto Chemi-
cal but left in payments up to $25,-
000 to those who suffered from
the explosion and had not receiv-
ed insurance.
Senator Daniel, who has been
the faithful champion of big busi-
ness in Texas, refused to sign the
conference report.
NOTE--The Eisenhower admin-
.istration put itself on both
sides in the Texas City disaster.
It sided vigorously against Senator
Daniel and against payments to
the insurance companies. On the
other hand, Eisenhower appointed
to the 5th Circuit Court of Ap-
peals John Brown, the Houston.
attorney who tried the Texas City
claims case and was rebuked by
the same 5th Circuit Court of Ap-

ed the defeated lawyer, John
Brown, to the Court of Appeals
which had rebuked him.
DURING THE closing days of
Congress the name of ex-
Congressman John S. Woods of
Georgia was quietly withdrawn for
appointment to the Subversives
Activities Control Board.
Woods had been OK'd by the
White House, had been cleared by
the FBI after an investigation,
and had been approved by a sub-
committee of the Judiciary Com-
However, when it was revealed
in the press that the ex-Congress-
man from Georgia had introduced
a bill to compensate a boy hit by
an Army truck for which his ad-
ministrative assistant had taken
a fee of $1,000, Senate opposition
developed. Neither a Congressman
nor his staff is supposed to bene-
fit in any wav from the intrnod...

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3553 Administration Building before
2 p.m. the day preceding publication
(before 10 a.m. on Saturday). Notice
of lectures, concertsand organization
meetings cannot be published oftener
than twice.
Summer Hopwood. Contest: Manu-
scripts must be in the Hopwood Room,
1006 Angell Hall, by 4:30 p.m., Fri.,
Aug. 5.
Law school Admission Test: Candi-
dates taking the Law School Admission
Test on Aug. 6 are requested to report
to Room 100, Hutchins Hall at 8:45
a.m. Sat.
Farmers Insurance Group, Detroit,
Mich., is looking for men, 27-37 years
of age, for Sales and Management.
State of Illinois announces exams for
the following positions: Child Guid-
ance Counselor , Child Guid. Couns.
II, Child Welfare Worker I & II, Psy-
chiatric Social Worker I & II, Psycholo-
gist I & II, Fish Biologist I, Forester
I, Game Biologist I, Industrial Thera-
pist, Institution Business Mgr. I, Li-
brarain I, Occupational Therapist I,
Personnel Assist., Recreation Worker,
Research Worker, Research Analyst I,
Research Analyst I, Sociologist I, State
Library Assist. I & II, Statistician I,

University will speak on "The Geneva
Conference and the Near East" Mon.,
Aug. 8 at 4:15 p.m., Aud. A, Angell
Hall, auspices of the Department of
Near Eastern Studies. Open to the
Summer Session on Digital Computers
and Data Processors. "Digital Com-
puters in Great Britain and Overseas,"
John Allen-Ovenstone, Commonwealth
of Australia, Melbourne; "The IBM-
650 and IBM-704 Computers at'Lockheed
Missile Division," R. W. Bemer Fri,
Aug. 5, 7:30 p.m., Aud. C, Mason Hall.
Academic Notices
Attention August Graduates: College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts,
School of Education, School of Music,
School of Public Health, School of
Business Administration:
Students are advised not to request
grades of I or X in August. When such
grades are absolutely imperative, the
work must be made up in time to
allow your Instructor to report the
make-up grade not later than 11:00
a.m., Aug. 18. Grades received after
that time may defer the student's
graduation until a later date. "
Recommendations for Departmental
Honors: Teaching departments wishing
to recommend tentative August gradu-
ates from the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts, and the School
of Education for departmental honors
(or high honors.- in the College of
L.S.&A.) should recommend such stu-
dents in a letter delivered to the
Office of Registration and Records,
Room 1513 Administration Building, be-
fore Aug. 18.
Doctoral Examination for Philip Pi-
kus. English Language and Literature:



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