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August 03, 1955 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1955-08-03

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Sixty-Fifth Year
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by mem*ers of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.

"I Think FIl Try for Double"

Tom Dewey Firm Does
Neat Bit of Lobbying

mr. mccarthy again

"" .
y .
?,i tl.S," f

position on the questions of germany, formosa,
Indochina, korea, disarmament, or international
control of nuclear weapons. these issues may
perhaps await resolution at a later conference.
if anything, the west came away triumphant
in several respects, while the communists cer-
tainly effected no diplomatic coup. for one,
eisenhowers challenge to the communists to
exchange military blueprints put bulganin and
company in a hole they never quite wiggled
out of. in another way, the geneva conference
anticipated the releasing of the 11 pilots held
captive by the chinese communists for two
years. (for some teason, though he had pre-
viously ranted about the administrations fail-
ure to act, on behalf of the pilots, mocarthy
did not seem overly delighted when announce-
ment of their release was made, a fact that
casts grave doubts as to his sincerity.) the
fact that eisenhower conducted himself brilli-
antly at the conference is doubtlessly too in-
tolerable a thought for one who aspires to the
apparently, mccarthy still fancies himself
something of a messiah, when in fact he . is
nothing but a bore. happily, the vast majority
of republicans now recognize this fact and no
longer regard him -an asset to 'the party, or to
the country for that matter. occasionally,
political sanity does peek through the clouds
in the district of confusion.


C1 '
hl~ .



Mr. Talbott's Boo-Boo
3Y JIM DYGERT part of Congressional investigating committees
who, having tired of Communists; are now
or otherwise, on an item in the studying capitalists. Talbott, of course, denies
eris na te t impropriety, but does not deny indiscretion.
paper is generally expected He said he realized now that he was mistaken
an item in the news which in writing letter and making telephone calls
the area of its circulation. But from his Pentagon office on behalf of his firm,
ews of late has been each day's the Paul B. Mulligan and Co. of New York.
umber of days with more than What he is doing is admitting all the acts
perature so far this summer, that could not be denied, and denying motives
n the weather is such an old that cannot be proved.
do so in the editorial columns Perhaps it's just the weather, but one is
e, but unnecessary, inclined to toss the Talbott case into the
: of local news may also be a basket of so-so, not-too-senational scandals,
e weather, since it is a trying many more of which never reached the news-
neself when one can sweat just papers in a headline fashion in cooler weather
ut moving. Another effect of when there was some news to print. Perhaps,
a reluctance to comment on any too, Talbott's resignation was the result of
be, because that would involve the heat. It's hard to accept his explanation
etic task of digging up some to President Eisenhower that he "would not in
of comment. any circumstances wish to be a source of
the Talbott case has been a embarrassment to you or your splendid admin-
I scandal in the last week or so, istration."
candals of that sort do not Another example is the release of 11 Amer!-
much any more. To comment can airmen by the Red Chinese. Hot weather
cial using his office for private makes one want to forget about analyzing the
to reiterate what has been so motives behind and the implications of every
nany 'times before about the bit of Red propaganda - always a complex
>olitics. Everyone knows that a chore. The release of the fliers is just a
ther Republican or Democrat, propaganda move designed either to create
ly uses his office to advance positive opinion of Red China's intentions or
ing in some way. to remove negative impressions created by not
r picked the wrong way, was releasing the fliers earlier. It was not out of
methods, or was a victim of a sympathy for the airmen's families, unless it is
ped greater alertness on the also very hot in China.
Piloted Flight Anticipated


W-Oc AtK


does a big smile cost?
Geneva is getting as cozy as
Christmas Eve. The Russians were
jolly. when they met the West
there. If Russian Premier Bul-
ganin, with his chin whiskers, had
put on a red flannel suit he would
have made a pretty good Santa
Now the Red Chinese, meeting
the United States in the same
place, make an opening gesture
of goodwill by freeing 11 Ameri-
can airmen.
What isn't clear, of course, and
may not be for months or years,
is the purpose of the Communists
in this sudden switch. Is it to
relax tensions, as the diplomats
say? Or do they hope to gain
more with grins than guns?
One thing is sure: There's a
price tag on the grins. What isn't
sure is the price. The bill will be
delivered later. For the Russians
and the Red Chinese Geneva is
just the first card in an all-night
poker game.
At the moment there seems to
be general relief and approval in
this country over the slight thaw
in relations between East and
West. Except for Sen. McCarthy
(R-Wis.) there has been practi-
cally no criticism in Washington
for President Eisenhower's dealing
with the Communists so far.
But if the Russians and Red
Chinese follow up their opener by
making concessions, they will de-
mand concessions in return. That's
when the present mild Washington
weather should give way to storms,
with thunder.
McCarthy has been pecking
away unsuccessfully at Eisenhower

'A Good Santa Claus'

ever since the Senate last year
condemned the Wisconsin Repub-
lican for some of his conduct. He
opened up yesterday on the whole
idea of being "friendly" with the
He blasted Eisenhower for sitting
down with "tyrants and murder-
ers." He said he's going to make
an issue of the President's efforts
to get along with the Communists.
(This is about the first issue he
seems to have fuond since the
Senate slapped him down. That
resulted from his tactics in hunt-
ing Communists at home. Now he
apparently will go after them
abroad.) .
But McCarthy's attack of yes-
terday put the finger on the
dilemma of both Eisenhower and
the United States. What should
the United States do: stay armed
to the teeth indefinitely, with a
chance of war at any moment, or
try to reach a middle ground with
the Communists if they show an
inclination in that direction?
McCarthy didn't offer any an-
swer. If Eisenhower doesn't try to
reach a middle ground then war
is made more possible. Yet if he
yields ground on vital points the
western alliances against the.Com-
munists may collapse and they win
At the moment McCarthy is just
about alone in berating Eisen-
hower for dealing with the Reds.
Sen. Knowland of California, Sen-
ate Republican leader, leaped to
Eisenhower's defense against Mc-
Carthy yesterday. So did other
Republican senators.
But if the United States eventu-
ally makes concessions to the Red
Chinese at the expense of Chiang
Kai-shek's Nationalists on For-
mosa, Knowland will almost cer-

tainly start tearing after Eisen-
hower and wind up on McCarthy's
At this moment, except for Mc-
Carthy, those who have strong
feelings about yielding to the Reds
on specific issues and in specific
places haven't found any ground
for denouncing talks with the Rus-
Talk is all Eisenhower has done
so far.
WE WERE chatting this morn-
ing a little about security -
how it is to be achieved. I do not
know the answer, but I will make
you a suggestion as to how you
might achieve a degree of se-
curity. I have- seen other people
achieve it.
Don't write anything, don't talk
about basic issues, don't associ-
ate, don't believe that you have
any responsibility, except to do
what you can to make sure that
no one subsequently will say to
you-"you were wrong," confuse
dissent with disloyalty, confuse
accusation w i t h conviction -
through these methods it would be
possible, I suppose, to secure a de-
gree of temporary, personal secur-
ity at the cost of creating an in-
tellectual and moral desert -
which in due course would be
taken over by designing men, who
are to be found in all countries,
at all periods.
The right to be wronghis quite
as important as the right to be
admired, and I trust you will ex-
ercise it.
-Edward R. Murrow
Commencement address
Hamilton College, N.Y.
June 6, 1954

WASHINGTON - Few people
noticed it, but a neat little
appropriation of $2,200,000 was
sneaked through Congress at the
last minute, thanks to ex-Governor
Tom Dewey of New York. It was
the first bit of lobbying Dewey has
done since he left the governor's
office to take up private law.
His lobbying, incidentally, was
done for a Democrat-the Harvey
Machine Company of Los Angeles,
of which partner Lawrence Har-
vey has been active in Democratic
circles and was once considered
as Democratic committeeman from
It all goes to show that if you
hire the right lawyer, you can get
things done in Washington re-
gardless of politics.
What happened was that the
Harvey Company has been lobby-
ing frantically to put up an alum-
inum plant at the Dalles, Ore., on
the Columbia River, not far from
Bonneville Dam.
To do this they wanted: 1. a
contract from the government
guaranteeing to buy part of their
production for five years; 2. a
certificate of tax amortization
permitting them to write off cap-
ital expenses over five years; and
3. they wanted the government to
build an electric power line from
Bonneville to the Dalles. The lat-
ter was to cost $2,200,000 and
would give the Harvey Company
cheap government power.
To get this done, the Harveys
employed Governor Dewey's law
Firm, and Dewey sent to Washing-
ton James F. Nickerson, once with
Roosevelt's NRA and now a Dewey
law partner.
N ICKERSON camped on the
doorstep 'of Secretary of In-
terior McKay, hounded Underse-
cretary of Interior Clarence Davis,
worked with Senators to get quick
action for the Harveys.
These are days when business
is supposed to be imbued with the
spirit of free enterprise. But both
Reynolds Metals and the Kaiser
Aluminum Company have had
gilt-edged contracts from the gov-
ernment and did not expand their
aluminum factories until the gov-
ernment practically guaranteed a
profit. Harvey felt it was only fair
that he should get the same.
Secretary McKay, however, ar-
gued that Harvey should first
build his plant at the Dalles, after
which he would get the electric
power line built from Bonneville
Dam. Secretary McKay thought
the horse should go before the
cart, and that the plant should be
built before the transmission lines
were authorized.
Governor Dewey's law firm,
however, argued that ' the cart
should come before the horse. Fi-
nally Dewey got action. At the
last minute the Senate okayed a
special rider giving the Harveys
The money, however, finally got
stopped in the house. There eagle-
eyed Congressman Clarence Can-
non of Missouri, chairman of the
House Appropriations Committee,
spotted the Senate's sneak bill and
started to kill it. Equally suspicious
was Cannon's associate, Joe Evins
of Tennessee. However, they con-
sulted with Congressman Wright
Patman's Small Business Commit-
tee, which advised that it was im-
portant to get more competition in
the aluminum industry, regard-
less of Dewey's lobbying.
But in the end the appropria-
tion was killed in conference com-
mittee. While Dewey was on the
right side, Democrats couldn't
swallow the fact that for two years
straight the Republican Director
of the Budget had recommended
against the $2,200,000 and only re-
versed himself after Dewey got in-
to the 'picture.

IT MISSED the headlines dur-
the mad rush to adjourn Con-
gress, but a backstage conference
of senators and representatives
quietly knifed part of the money
to be spent on cancer, heart di-
sease, arthritis and other diseases.
Chief knife-wielder was a Demo-
crat-Congressman John Fogarty
of Rhode Island, though he could-
n't have functioned without al-
most 100 per cent support from
What happened was that the
Senate, under the leadership of
Alabama's Lister Hill, had appro-
priated $23,000,000 more for health
than Mrs. Hobby, retiring head of
Health, Education, and Welfare,
asked for. The House, however, ap-
propriated $22,000,000 less than
the Senate.
And when the conferees between
the two bodies locked horns in
secret session to iron out the dif-
ference, a battle royal ensued. On
one side were Chairman Hill. Cha-
vez of New Mexico, Stennis of Mis-
sissippi, Magnuson of Washington,
all Democrats, fighting for more

conferees argued.'The House corn
mitteemen had not heard the tes-
timoney, as did the Senate, of such
expert witnesses as Dr. Paul White
of Boston, the heatr specialist; of
Dr. Sidney Farber, the cancer spe-
cialist, or Dr. Cornelius Rhoads of
the New York Memorial Hospital.
Without hearing all. the testimony,
they Just stood pat.
Fi nall the Senators managed to
get about $8,000,000 extra out of
the Congressmen-$2,500,000 for
cancer $1,500,000 for heart; $2,-
000,000 for arthritis; $1,000,000 for
neurological diseases; $985,000 for
contagious diseases; and $500,000
for basic research.
But they failed to get $15,000,000
for hospitals, $4,000,000 for crip-
pled children, and $3,000,000, for
vocational education.
PRESIDENT Eisenhower was
planning to fire Harold Tal-
bott as Secretary of the Ari Rorce
at his press conference last Wed-
nesday when Talbott called on him
at 7:3 a.m. and put up such an ar-
gument that Ike finally agreed to
delay action until he had scruti-
nized the record further.
Here, Mr. President, is some of
the amazing record which you will
find only partially in the files of
the Air Force itself.
One letter, already made public
but not the story behind it, was
written by Talbott on Air Force
stationery May 20, 1953, to his
partner, Paul Mulligan. The let-
ter reads:
"Dear Paul: I haven't forgotten
the Ford matter, but I am a little
worried about the best approach
in there. Therefore, I haven't come
to any decision.
"Ienclose herewith a note from
Clinton Davidson who is a friend
of mine. You might drop him a
note and ask him at some conven..
lent time, when he is in New York,
to drop by and se eyou in our of-
fices. I think if you explain to him
in detail the line of work that you
are doing that he might really be
of assistance to you. Sincerely, H."
This reference to Clinton David-
son led to a brief cross-examina-
tion at the July 21 Senate bearing,
as follows:
Talbott: That man is in the in-
vestment counseling work of some
kind, and I don't know ...
Sen. Mundt: You mean Mr. Da-
vidson is an investment counselor?
Talbott: I think that is the busi-
ness he is in. I don't know what
else he has. And I ran into him in
a very peculiar way.
In other words, Talbott shrugged
off his acquaintance with Davidq
son and eve nswore under oath:
"I don't know what else he has."
The true facts, however, make this
statement look like a lie.
THE FIRST incriminating fact
is the note Talbott included
in his letter to Mulligan. Dated
May 14, 1953, it reads:
"Dear Harold: I just came across
a memorandum in my file to the
effect that about six or seven
months ago you introduced me to
a Mr. Paul Mulligan. I said that
I thought I could be of some as-
sistance to Mr. Mulligan, and you
told me that he would get in touch
with me by telephone. I have heard
nothing from him since then, but
I still believe that I might be able
to assist him. With all best wishes.
I am (signed) Clinton."
Of Fliers
Associated Press News Analyst
HE RUSSIANS came to the re
cent Geneva conference with a
con--,- concession and the Chi-

ne is have done the same
'I pie announcement of the re-
lease of 11 American 'fliers from
Red imprisonment indicates that
they have been held all along, as
was suspected, until they could be
used to bargain with.
It also means that the Chinese
have joined negotiations with a
definite purpose extending far be-
yond the matter of release of all
of the 51 Americans who have
been held.
It does not mean that they are
ready to seriously and sincerely
negotiate the broad issues affect-
ing relations with the United
States, any more than Russian en-
try into the atoms-for-peace pool
meant they were ready for broad
European issues at this time.
The pattern in the Far Eastern
negotiations, however, appears to
be very similar, with the Reds
aiming at future conferences and
perhaps ready to freeze the ball
of international byplay as has been
done in Europe.
It seems likely now that the



MAN IS about to break the bonds which,
through all the eons, have imprisoned him
within the earth's atmosphere.k
There ,can be no doubt that, within the pre-
dictable future, the small instrument-bearing
satellites which the United States is preparing
to launch into outer space will be followed by
piloted flight.
The announcement has been expected for ten
years, ever since the world learned of Nazi
Germany's plan for a war-making satellite.
Recently it became known that the necessary
new metals were available, that the scientific
information was abailable, and that only word
from the government was needed to start
The thrill, now that the word has been
given, is similar to that of witnessing the dis-
covery of a new continent, or even a new
There will be great excitement next week at
the International Aeronautical Federation's
meeting in Copenhagen. Scientists from all
over the world who have been working on the
problem will renew their digging with increased
zest. And then, during the join worldwide
studies to be made during the 1957-58 Inter-
national Geophysical Year, the instruments
will start seeking out, and relaying back to
man, the secrets of outer space.
This already has been done after a fashion
by high-flying rockets, but their lives are too
Thie Daily Staff
Managing Editors................ .-..Cal Samra
Jim Dygert
Mary Lee Dingler, Marge Piercy. Ernest Theodossin

brief. The satellites, in the beginning, are
expected to last at least a day, perhaps several
days, circling the earth at 18,000 miles per
These will not be the great space platforms
envisioned by the Germans, but 12-to-18 inch
balls, and there is no connection between
them and the German idea of using the plat-
form for war purposes. Everything the United
States learns will go to the advancement of
man's knowledge everywhere.
But there can be no doubt that the little
balls will be followed by carriers; that vehicles
with boosters to prevent their slipping back
into the atmosphere will stay up indefinitely:
that man is rapidly approaching the attainment
of his ancient dream, a trip to the moon.
It is only to be hoped that he will not mess
up his new domain as he has the earth.
DURING RECENT YEARS, a hurricane of
investigations and persecutions has lashed
those parts of the earth where men in politi-
cal authority have conceived themselves to be
compelled to maintain one set of values and
to attack all others. Throughout these opera-
tions, nothing has been more dreadful than
the common assumption that every man must
at all times be "right."
Surely this intolerance of variation is hubris
--the insolent vainglory of self-assurance that
the Greeks denominated the basic, the sui-
cidal, sin. In our time this sin may take the
form of worshipping the power over nature
or over human nature, or the deification of
a man, an economic entity, a political party
or a nation state.
We academic persons know better than this
indeed, true scholars are by nature humble



The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3553 Administration Building before
2 p.m. the day preceding publication
(before 10 a.m. on Saturday). Notice
of lectures, concerts and organization
meetings cannot be published oftener
than twice.
Summer Hopwood Contest: Manu-
scripts must be in the Hopwood Room,
1006 Angell Hall, by 4:30 p.m., Fri.,
Aug. 5
Use of MIDAC Computer. To support
faculty use of the MIDAC for research,
a fund of $10,000 has been set up in
the Graduate School. Initial alloca-
tions will be made immediately and
applications for funds should be made
to Prof. C. C. Craig, Room 106, Rackham
Building, telephone 2128.

Ann Arbor on Wednesday, Aug. 3, for
interviews with men and women, Math.
majors any level for computer labora-
For information contact the Bureau
of Appointments, 3528 Admin. Bldg.,
Ext. 371.
A representative from the following
will be at the Bureau:
Thurs., Aug. 4.
Mich. Bell Telephone - Women for
Accounting, Math., Writing, Service
For appointments contact the Bureau
of Appointments, 3528 Admin., Ext. 371.
Linguistic Luncheon. Prof. Daniel N.
Cardenas of the University of Okla-
homa will speak on "Assibilated r: Its
Geographical Distribution in American
Spanish," Wed., Aug. 3, 12:15 p.m. In
the Michigan League.
Dr. Charles Issawi of Columbia Uni-
versity will speak on 'Economic Trends
in the Modern Near East' Thurs., Aug.
4 at 4:15 p.m., Aud. A, Ankell Hall,
auspices of the Department of Near
Eastern Studies. Open to the public.

Lounge, 5th floor, Haven Hall. Bring
own food.
Doctoral Examination for Robert
Firestone Emery, Economics; thesis:
"Governmental Accounts for Econom-
ic Planning in Burma," Thurs., Aug.
4, 105 EconomicssBldg.,at 3:00 p.m.
Chairman, R. A. Musgrave.
Student Recital by Janet LaFram-
boise Slavin, pianist, 8:30 Wednesday
evening, August 3, in the Rackham
Assembly Hall, in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the Master
of Music degree. The program will
include compositions by Bach, Beet-
hoven, Paray ,and Schumann, and
will be open to the public. Mrs.
Slavin is a pupil of Joseph Brinkman.
Student Recital. Marilyn Joyce Rop-
er, pianist, and pupil of Ava Comin
Case, 8:30 Thurs., Aug. 4, in Rackham
Assembly Hall, works by Kuhnau,
Poulenc, Hindemith, and Mendel, in
partial fulfilmen of the requirements
for the degree of Master of Music.
(Music Literature). Open to the public.
Events Today
Meeeting of the Near East Research

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