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July 08, 1954 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1954-07-08

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The Need for an Agonizing' Reappraisal

M ANY MONTHS AGO, Secretary of State John
Foster Dulles hinted that, unless certain events
took place, the United States would have to make
an "agonizing reappraisal" of its foreign policy.
Judging from the events of the past weeks, such a
reappraisal would seem to be necessary-however,
not in the manner Dulles implied.
The much harried Secretary issued his state-
ment in order to goad France and Italy into rati-
fying the European Defense Community Plan,
hinting that failure to do so would force the U.S.
to withdraw its troops from the European conti-
nent. The danger of this policy, and the other po-
licies, official and unofficial, which have issued
from various strata of the GOP, can be seen by re-
viewing the rapidly deteriorating world situation.
Relations with Great Britain are at a new low,
Britain seeking "peaceful co-existence" with Rus-
sia. At last report, the recent Big Two confer-
ence has failed to patch up the many differences
between the two countries.
France has been seeking a truce in Indo-China
which has been damned as a sellout. This has been
combined with failure to ratify EDC and a severe
economic crisis, which is rapidly turning the coun-
try into the "sick man" of Europe.
The situation in the Near-East seems to have
reached a state of insoluble dilemma, while in the
Far East, there is active and serious conflict. In-
dia seems to be reaching an accord with Red Chi-
na, presumably on the latter's terms. Indo-Chinn
seems in danger of being at least partially lost to
the West, while in Korea there is almost a blessed
Our relations in South America also appear to
have deteriorated to a new low.
What to do? The present administration seems
to be confused in proportion to the degree of con-
fusion in the world situation. Various solutions
have been proposed: massive retaliation, a Far
Eastern NATO, withdrawal from the UN, sending
troops into Indo-China and not sending troops
into Indo-China.
It is difficult to explain how such duplicity
has arisen in our government at a time when a
united front is essential. Perhaps it is because of
the GOP's traditional philosophy of letting Con-
gress-take the lead, with the executive playing a
secondary role. President Eisenhower, at least,

seems reluctant, if not unable, to take a firm
The only logical policy that is open to the U.S.
at this time, is an old one-containment. This in-
volves holding the Communist world within its
present frontiers, and meeting any attempt at ex-
pansion with armed force, if necessary. This is the
policy which saved Korea and Greece, allowed the
Berlin Airlift, and except for the fall of China,
which probably no amount of arms or money could
have saved, kept Communism from expanding.
It would also seem that certain other policies
must be adopted to enable the U.S. to maintain a
position of strength.
The old bugaboo of recognition of Communist
China has made it impossible for this country to
bargain at the conference table. It would seem that
recognition of that government, and even admis-
sion to the UN, would be a small concession for a
stabilized Chinese frontier. Recognition has never
meant approval. It is, at the most, a tool in bar-
gaining, and a means of communication. To date,
the U.S. has gained nothing, not even self-respect,
through its insistance on these sine qua nons.
Another step in the ressurection of our foreign
policy would be to take the play away from
the Communists and champion the strongly na-
tionalistic, anti-colonial movements which have
arisen in the Far and Near East, and in our own
The necessity of land reform in these countries,
and the drive for national identity has lead many
popular movements to allie themselves with com-
munists, caring little for ideology and accepting
support from any quarter which promises aid. The
U.S., through its strong influence on the major
colonial powers, France and Britain, could certain-
ly advance the cause of these movements.
Perhaps above all, a tolerance for the problems
of our allies is necessary. If we expect them to be
economically independent, we must lower our trade
barriers. The administration must take care to clear
its statements, and not allow every government of-
ficial to declare unalterable policy.
In short, the "agonizing reappraisal" must take
the form of "containment," not "liberation," with
a sympathetic attitude toward the problems of our
allies and a firm advocacy of the cause of free-
dom among all peoples.
-Jerry Helman

"Why Don't You Guys Saw the Boat in Half?"
a J h

." ..

_ .

iu9 iwu n '
Pe :
.. c 91- -rts W s'i+niL''oNP .- -es

Russia Posed
For Attack
On ,japan
Associated Press News Analyst
Now word comes from Tokyo
that for weeks Russia has been
poised for an attack on Japan
should the United States become
tied up in Indochina.
That explains why, three weeks
ago, experienced observers felt
world tension rising to a scream-
ing pitch without knowing exactly
At that time, the United States
was in the throes of decision, with
France demanding direct interven-
tion as the alternative to a virtual
surrender of part of the Southeast'
Asia area which President Eisen-
hower had said must not be taken
by the Communists.
No announcement has ever been
made as to what was decided, but
the decision for the time being is
contained in the fact that nothing
has been done, with diplomatic ef-
forts now centering on arrange-
ment for a fall-back line in case
part or all of Indochina falls.
The danger that intervention in
Indochina would eventually pro-
duce a full-scale war in Asia was
a prime consideration when Bri-
tain and the United States were
discussing the problem, and was
overpowering in British minds at
Now it appears the danger was
far greater than was generally
known. Robert Eunson, chief of
The Associated Press bureau in
Tokyo, reports that the tension
reached the point where American
warships and planes were kept on
anxious patrol throughout the area.
Military authorities had infor-
mation that Russia was, and still
is, poised for a renewal of the Kor-
ean war and an attack on Japan
with 35 divisions and 700 jet
Was Russia putting up a bluff to
influence the American decision on
intervention in Indochina?
Or was she deliberately prepar-
ing to take advantage of the situa-
tion if the United States transferred
her Far Eastern forces from Japan
and Korea to Indochina?
The former seems more likely,
for there is a pretty general feel-
ing among the most experienced
observers that Russia is not de-
liberately looking for a general
war right now.
Apparently that is the estimate
of the military experts on the
ground, for with tension now eas-
ing, they are going ahead with
plans to withdraw American forces
from Korea as rapidly as possible.
However, the mere fact that Rus-
sia has 35 divisions organized as
an expeditionary force in Asia is
sufficient to put an extremely dim
light on the prospects for peace
It heightens the need for speed
in rearmament of Japan, and prob-
abty will eliminate some Japanese
opposition to that program.
It keeps all diplomatic approach-

The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the


At Lydia Mendelssohn . . .
HAMLET, presented by the Department of
"HAMLET" is a lot to absorb at one sitting. This
is not to say that the play is better read with
frequent breaks for suitable contemplation of all
its provocative proclivities; it is and always has
been pre-eminently actable and stageable. The
"problems", it presents, however, are no myth; it
is a diffuse work, and particularly with the cut-
ting that was felt to be necessary in this produc-
tion, not much breathing space was allotted to
permit the audience to understand the particular
coherence of this production. These then are no
more than impressions of the Speech Department's
"Hamlet," their Initial offering of the summer sea-
First of all, there can be no doubt of the dra-
matic integrity and the deep sense of the tech-
nical demands of "Hamlet" possessed by, its di-'
rector, B. Iden Payne. This was a warm produc-
tion throughout, competently acted, brightly and
even phosphorescently alive. It was well toned,
neither hollowly pretentious, nor mechanically
stale. The actors seemed always aware of what
they were about and had the advantage of par-
ticularly empathetic surroundings in which to
accomplish the often difficult tasks before them.
A set, which is perhaps traditional for modern
Shakespearean productions, (an abstract outer
area and a changing inner stage) kept the show
absolutely fluid, and, for some reason, the light-
ing seemed softer and more professionally han-'
dIed than I previous recall having seen it here.
Both the costuming and the mutted offstage
effects were tasteful, never degenerating Into dis-
cordant pageantry; the unselfconscious use of
two pages as act markers symbolized this com-
mendable practice of not underscoring the
technical trappings of production.
The performance as a whole was keyed, as I sup-
pose all productions of Hamlet are (like it or
not), by the personality of its hero. Just what his
personality is has, of course, been solved by dif-
ferent actors in different ways for a long time. He
may be weak and temporizing, a queasy poet; he
may. be the stalwart nobleman delayed only be-
cause the king is too strongly guarded; or he may
be the slave to Oedipus as Laurence Olivier saw
Nafe Katter's prince is none of these; he is an

angry Hamlet, even a mad one. He is a hero who
begins shouting right with the "too solid flesh"
soliloquy, suggests his madness long before put-
ting the antic disposition on, and demonstrates no
clear affection for anyone, particularly not for Ho-,
ratio or Ophelia. He is hardly a sympathetic hero,
certainly an intelligent one, but too hyperthyriod,
too egocentric to share the stage for very long,
not even with the ghost of his father whose mes-
sage he seems to know before the ghost speaks.
This invites the possibility that the whole mur-
der which torments him so is no more than, as
Gertrude puts it, "the very coinage of his brain."
It is as if Gertrude and Claudius are deceived by
Hamlet instead of the reverse, that somehow
these two dispassionate suburban types, by vir-
tue of the price's paranoiac wizardry, somehow
accept the reality of a crime they have not com-
mitted. So completely does Hamlet's manic pleas-
ure with his grief and his plot dominate the play.
If this was not the intention of the production,
the result follows perhaps from Mr. Katter's be-
ginning at too high a pitch, a pitch which he
cannot sustain and which almost sinks into asso-
nant double-talk at times. He is a finely poised
Hamlet, but almost too poised at the start. The
downhill calm that comes to him later does not
convince me that perhaps some horrible mistake
has not been committed, and that King and
Queen, these two nice people, are not really guilty.
Katter's violent rush in the ghost scene is most
responsible for this, and it is possible he was dis-
tracted here by excessive noise of scene-changing in
the inner area at that time.
Of the other performances, Dan Mullin's Po-
lonius is most noteworthy; he has a great deal
more than the stuttering and the shaky limbs of
most amateur-stage old men. He reads with wit
and perfect understanding; one wishes for at
least a little irony in Katter's vicious "thou
wretched, rash, introducing fool" speech after
he has murdered the old counselor.
Before concluding, other assets to the production
worth mention include Whitford Kane's sensitive
professional bit as the first gravedigger, Ophelia's
gently managed "mad" scene, Horatio's nice self-
effacement and the very well paced duel scene
with everybody moving perfectly right through to
the end.
The production is one you certainly should make
a special effort to see.
-Bill Wiegand

WASHINGTON - Now that the
Fourth-of-July oratory has subsid-
ed and Congress has gone back to
work, it might be a good idea to
look around and seefwho is carry-
ing out the ideals of the founding
fathers that we heard so much
about this week.
Here are a few people I would
like to nominate as trying to car-
ry out these ideals. They are not
big name people. They are little
people who deserve just as much
credit as the glamor-pusses and
the politicians.
for instance, August Dietz, Jr., the
Richmond, Va., printer who has
now printed more than 3,000,000
copies of the Declaration of Inde-
pendence and circulated them
through the schools of the U.S.A.
Two years ago, after the Madi-
son Capitol Times in Wisconsin and
the New Orleans Item in Louisiana
circulated copies of the Declara-
tion of Independencerand the Bill
of Rights through crowds of peo-
ple which refused to sign them be
cause they thought the documents
"looked Russian," I suggested to
Gus Dietz that we might print and
circulate copies of the Declaration
of Independence so people could
get to understand it.
Since that time he has printed
more than 3,000,000 copies, fre-
quently at a loss to himself and
the Sertoma Clubs 'Service to Man-
kind' have helped distribute them.
Others, including the Elks of Boul-
der, Colo., the Boy Scouts, and the
Jefferson Life Insurance Company,
have also helped.
Printer Dietz, who has been quite
ill for a year, says he has now re-
covered almost to the point where
he can undertake to circulate the
Bill of Rights also, and I sincerely
hope this may taxe place soon.
* * *
Most people have never heard of
R. M: Davis outside of Morgan-
town, W.Va. He began life driving
a mule in a coal mine, now owns
his own mine which, incidentally,
has one of the best safety records
in West Virginia. Not content with
that he has given a $300,000 youth
recreation center to Morgantown,
and more recently has been push-
ing the idea of creating a depart-
ment of peace.
It's Mr. Davis's idea that our
diplomats frequently get so bogged
down in treaty-writing and protocol
that they miss the main goal of
peace. And, since it's the people
who have to fight the wars, argues
Mr. Davis, it should be the people
who should have a larger share in
working for peace. He proposes a
special governmental department
with the job of doing nothing ex-
cept concentrating on peace.
* * *
Meanwhile, one group which al-
ready has started to carry out Mr.
Davis's idea is the Crusade for
Freedom. Three years ago the cru-
sade picked up my idea of sending
ballbon messages behind the Iron
Curtain and together we put across
the first balloon barrage of free-
dom - friendship messages to the
Czechoslovak people - a total of
11,000,000 messages.
Again in May the crusade launch-
ed another message barrage just
before the Czechdelections. This
time the balloons delivered sample
ballots outlining 10 points for free-
dom, plus stickers to be pasted on
the ballots instead of the stereo-
tvnd ,nhhr - _amn Comm ,nist

cuss business and political prob-
lems but how to make the world a,
better place to live in and achieve
the great goal of peace.
4, * .
SCHOLARSHIPS - Another serv-
ice club which has done a fine jobE
in promoting peace is Rotary.
Their scholarship exchange be-1
tween foreign countries has helped
supplement the Fulbright scholar-
ships under the Smith-Mundt Act
which have done more to build up
American friendship than almost
anything else. Today, however,1
shortsighted Republican leaders in
the House of Representatives want;
to cut the scholarships to the bone.

* * *
these days when congressional in-
vestigations have tended to make
us forget the liberties inherited
from the founding fathers, Dean
Griswold spelled out, with pains-
taking care, the background of 'the
most controversial part of the Bill
of Rights-the Fifth Amendment.
Though held up to ridicule by
Senator McCarthy, Dean Griswold
has shown how the Fifth Amend-
ment was woven into the funda-
mental rights of the nation, going
back even to the 17th Century
when it was used to prevent self-
incrimination by torture. He has
also shown how the much-malign-
ed Fifth Amendment protects
against the seizure of private prop-
erty end double deopardy.
* * *
Valued Liberties
Illustrating the not easy battle
our forefathers fought to obtain
these liberties, Dean Griswold
quotes from the trial of William
Bradford, the man who first in-
troduned printing to Pennsytmania
and who printed copies of the
Charter of the Povince so people
could see what their rights were.
Hauled before the Council of Penn-
sylvania by the governor in 1689,
here is a transcript of the William
Bradford trial:
Bradford-"It was by Governor
Penn's encouragement I came to
the Province, and by his license
I print."
Gouvernour-"What sir, had you
license to print the charter? I de-
sire to know from you, whether
you did print the charter or not?"J
Bedford-"It is an impractic-
ticable thing for a man to accuse
himself; thou knows very .well."
Gouvernour-"Well I shall not
press you to it, but if you were so
ingenious as to confess, it should
go the better with you."
Bradford-"Governour, I desire
to know my accusers; I think it
very hard to be put upon accusing
Governour-"Can you deny that
you printed it? I do not know that,
you did print it and by whose di-
rections, and will prove it, and
make you smart for it too, since
you are so stubborn.'
John Hill-"I am informed that
one hundred and sixty were print-
ed yesterday, and that Jos. Grow-
den saith he gave 20s. for his part
towards the printing of it."
Bradford-"It's nothing to me
what Jos. Growden saith. Let me
know my accusers, and I shall
know the better how to make my
That was the tough caliber of
the men who fought for our lib-
erties, liberties that still deserve
fighting for, despite the oratorial
gymnastics of some senators.
(Copyright, 1954,

Sir Winston.. .
To the Editor:
EVERY GOOD newspaper tries
to report the news objectively
and state its editorial policy with
clarity. But even a fine paper like
yours unconsciously, at times, pre-
sents a slanted view. You have
done so regarding Sir Winston
A few articles, especially one or
two by Drew Pearson, adopted a
rather patronizing attitude towards
the British Prime Minister. The
free men of this world cannot af-
ford to hold such an attitude.
From before the disaster at
Gallipoli to the edge of ruin in
1940, Sir Winston consistently act-
ed and spoke as he believed. Nu-
merous times he climbed back out
of the political grave, where his
passion for truth had thrown him,
and proved himself to have been
right. In 1940 this man, much hated
for his truth and courage, was
called upon to save free men from
slavery. And he led us from the
pit. But even then he was fated
not to be believed when he spoke
on vital issues works which few
men liked to hear. He knew the
value of the Russians and their
danger-Eisenhower, the great or-
ganizer, and Roosevelt, the clever
and humane politician, would not
listen. An attack through the "un-
derbelly" of Europe would have
saved the Balkans from Commun-
ist domination. An exploitation of
our strategic position in Germany
in early 1945 might have preserved
a democratic Poland. Feeding Hong
Kong to the corrupt and dictatorial
regime of Chiang Kai-Shek would
have done nothing to halt the ad-
vance of the red Chinese. Mr.
Pearson, who is clever and some-
times right, should know that. And
in 1946, when Sir Winston gave
grave warning of the Russians at
Fulton, some people who now fon-
dle the H-bomb with great love
ments, diplomas, yearbooks, stationery,
etc., is interested in hiing a male gra-
duate as a Salesman to represent the
firm in eastern Michigan.
For additional information concerning
these and other employment opportuni-
ties, contact the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 3528 Administration Bldg., Ext.
Physics Symposium Lectures: Pro-
fessor C. N. Yang of the Institute for
Advanced Study will give a series of
fifteen lectures on High Energy Physics
in Room 2038 Randall Laboratory. The
lecture on Thursday, July 8 will be at
2 p.m. and the one on Friday, July 9
will be at 9 a.m. Subsequent lectures
will be at 9 on Tuesdays, wednesdays
and Thursdays.
Lecture-Film Series on current health
topics under the auspices of School of
Public Health. "Let's Teach Better Nu-
trition." A film discussion by Miss
Adelia Beeuwkes, Associate Professor of
Public Health Nutrition. Open to all
interested persons. 4:00 p.m., Auditor-
ium, School of Public Health.
woman in the Worold of Man Lecture
Series. "The Role of women in Public
Affairs" Alice K. Leopold, Director, Wo-
men's Bureau, United States Depart-
ment of Labor. 4:15 p.m., Auditorium A,
Angell Hall.
Linguistic Institute Lecture. "The
New Survey of English Dialects." Harold
Orton, Professor of English Language,
University of Leeds, England. 7:30 p.m.,
Rackham Amphitheater.
4 cademic Notices
Make-up Examination in History will
be given Saturday, July 10, 9 to 12 a.m.
in Room 429 Mason Hall. See your in-
structor for permission and then sign
list in History Office.
Applied Mathematics Seminar: Thurs-
day, July 8, at 4 p.m., in Room 247 west
Engr. Mr. John Klein will be the speak-
Department of Chemistry Colloquium.
Thursday, July 8, 1954, 7:30 p.m., Room
1300 Chemistry. Mr. David E. Harmer
will speak on, "Some Reactions of Chlor-
ine with Certain Aromatic Compounds
Promoted by Intense Gamma Irradia-

tions." Mr. Robert L. Grimsley will
speak on, "Photobromination of Styre-
nesulfonyl Chloride."
Seminar in Lie Algebras will meet ev-
ery Friday afternoon at 3 p.m. in Room
3001 Angell Hall.
Seminar in Mathematical Statistics
will meet Friday at 2 p.m. in Room 3201
Angell Hall,
Seminar in Mathematical Statistics
will meet Friday, July 9 at 2 p.m., Room
3201 A.H. Prof. C. C. Craig will continue
his discussion of Scheffe's solution of
the Behrens-Fisher problem.
Carillon Recital: Percival Price, Uni-
versity Carillonneur, will be heard at
7:15 Thursday evening, July 8, in the
third in a series of summer programs
performed on the Charles Baird Carillon
in Burton Memorial Tower. It will in-
clude compositions and arrangements
for carillon by De Fesch, DeGruytters,
Handel, de Croes, Raijk, vivaldi, and
Clements Library. Rare astronomical
General LTibra.ryv.Won as jAuthors.

wer'e pleased to call him a war-
And now this man who has been
seldom wrong comes to plead with
men who have been seldom right.
Because he is an old man we
snicker and we say that he has
self-delusions. We see this greatest
of our statesmen travel far and
painfully clamber off his airplane
to argue with mediocrities. He is
a very old man. He urged modera-
tion in our love for Russia, when
mediocre men were starry-eyed
with platitudes and brotherhood.
Now he urges moderation in our
hate and fear of Russia, while
mediocre men are fiery-eyed with
slogans, fear and false bravado.
Free men do not praise their
saviours nor do they feel beholden.
Perhaps this is as it should be.
But for God's sake and for their
lives, they must remember who
was right. How dare they snicker?
-Herb Blitz
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The opinions Mr.
Pearson expresses in his column are
his own and not necessarily those of
any member of The Daily staff.)
Pilk Story .. .
To the Editor:
WAS intrigued to discover that
the Inez Pilk story was a hoax.
I had charitably dismissed it as
a long typographical error.
However, if The Daily is going
to print stories of the Pilk ilk, I
suggest the editors make a, policy
statement. This could be accom-
plished easily enough by making
a few alterations in the edit page
squib that states that all editor-
ials reflect the views of the writer
and not Daily policy.
The new statement can read,
"News items printed in The Michi-
gan Daily are sometimes written
by members of The Daily staff
and represent the news of the
writer only.
-Don Malcolm
day evening, July 8, at 8 p.m., in the
Kalamazoo Room of the Michigan Lea-
gue. There will be two speakers who
have traveled extensively in Latin Am-
erica, Senora virginia de Stemweg who
will describe the Altiplano from Lake
Titicaca, North and South; and Senorita
Caroline Middleton who will speak on
Guatemala and its People. Both talks,
which will be given in Spanish, will be
illustrated with color slides. There will
be also Spanish music and songs. The
meeting is open to those interested in
the Spanish language and culture.
The summer film festival on compar-
ative education continues its weekly
showing of films on different national
systems this Thursday evening, July 8.
at 8:00 in Auditorium B of Haven Hal
with a series on Latin America. Pro-
fessor william Merhab, who has had
living experience in Latin America nd
recently returned from a study tour o
France and Spain, will be the commen-
tator. The public is invited.
Shakespeare's HAMLET will be pre-
sented promptly at 8 o'clock tonight by
the Department ofSpeech in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. Late-comers Will
not be seated until the end of the first
scene. All seats are reserved. Tickets are
available at the Lydia Mendelssohn Box
Office from 10 .m. until 8 p.m. for
The Sailing Club meets this evening
at 7:00 o'clock in the Union. Everyone
welcomed. Enthusiasm, not experience,
The International Tea, sponsored by
the International Center and the Inter-
national Student Association, will be
held at the Madelon Pound House, 1024
Hill Street, at 4:30 until :00 o'clock.
La Petite Causette: An Informal
French conversation group will meet
weekly through July in the Round-Up
Room of the League, Thursdays at 3:30.
A faculty member and a native French
assistant will be present but there is no
formal program. Refreshments are
available nearby, and all persons inter-
ested in talking and hearing French
are cordially Invited to come.
Interreligious Cooperation In School
and Community. Thursday Lunch Semi-
nar. Leader: Dewitt C. Baldwin, Coordi-
nator of Religious Affairs. Cost lunch
served. Lane Hall, 12 noon. Students and
Faculty welcome. Reservations request-
(Continued on Page 4)

Sixty-Fourth Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Dianne Auwerter.. .Co-Managing Editor
Alice B. Silver....Co-Managing Editor
Becky Conrad.............Night Editor
Rona Friedman....... ....Night Editor
Wally Eberhard......:.....Night Editor
Russ AuWerter...........Night Editor
Sue Garfield.........women's Editor
Hanley Gurwin.........Sports Editor
Jack Horwitz......Assoc. Sports Editor
E. J. Smith........Assoc. Sports Editor
Business Staff
Dick Alstrom.........Business Manager
Lois Pollak........Circulation Manager
Bob Kovaks........Advertising Manager


es to Asiatic problems on
ticklish basis.

a very


The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3510
Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceding publication.
VOL. LXIV, No. 13S
Ushers are urgently needed for, Anna
Russell concert at Hill Auditorium on
Monday, July 19. If you are interested
in ushering for this concert, please re-
port to Mr. warner at Hill Auditorium
between 5 and 6 p.m. Thursday and Fri-
day, July 8 and 9.
Additional Ushers, both men and wo-
men, are needed for the Department of
Speech summer plays in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre. Sign-up sheets are
on the bulletin board outside the re-
hearsal room, north end of the Michi-
gan League Building.
Department of Astronomy. Visitors'
Night, Friday, July 9, 8:30 p.m. Dr. Phil-
ip S. Riggs from Drake University will
speak on "The Solar System." After the
illustrated talk in 2003 Angell Hall, the
Students' Observatory on the fifth floor
will be open for telescopic observation
of Moon, Saturn, and Mars, if the sky
is clear, or for inspection of the tele-
scopes and planetarium, if the sky is
cloudy. Children are welcomed, but must
be accompanied by adults.
The following student-sponsored so-
cial events are approved for the coming
July 9
Angell House and Kleinstuck
'Phi Delta Phi
July 10
Chinese Student Club
East Quad
Phi Delta Phi
July 11
Phi Delta Phi


Peaceful Coexistence--Nothing New

THE CURRENT EMPHASIS on "peaceful co-
existence" might lead to the supposition that
it is a new policy which Prime Minister Churchill
and Foreign Secretary Eden have been trying to
impose on the United States. Actually it is the basic
policy pursued by the United States, Britain and
other free nations since the close of the Second
World War. Today Washington and London em-
phasize somewhat different aspects of the policy,
but the basic principle remains, as indicated by
President Eisenhower's press-conference comments.
Coexistence, as it is understood on this side of
the Iron Curtain, means that the free world will
not seek to destroy communism or Communist re-
gimes by force of arms. In other words, there will
be no preventive war and no aggression on the part
of the free-world coalition. This does not, of course,

suggests that the United States will similarly re-
spect whatever settlement may result from the
French-Communist negotiations on Indochina, if it
does not mean the enslavement of people now free.
But the United States is most emphatically com-
mitted to opposition to the extension of Communist
tyranny by force.
The nub of the whole problem lies in the aggres-
siveness of Communist policy. Prime Minister
Churchill is more hopeful than President Eisen-
hower that the aggressiveness will now be cur-
tailed. But both are in agreement that there shall
be no appeasement, that armed defenses must be
maintained at a high level of effectiveness, and
that regional defense arrangements should be im-
proved both in Europe and in Southeast Asia. Both
see that coexistence with nations that have proved

Telephone NO. 23-24-1



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