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June 24, 1953 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1953-06-24

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See Page 2


ars di
Latest Deadline in the State


r- -.-~-
* a




House Balks
On Defense
Ike's New Staff
Plan Still Alive
House Rules Committee yesterda3
shelved two bills aimed at stop-
ping President Eisenhower's plar
to increase the powers of th
chairman of the Joint Chiefs o
As a result, Chairman Hoffmar
(R-Mich.) called a meeting of the
government operations committe
for 10 a.m. today to vote on a
resolution to veto the entire pres-
idential plan for reorganizing the
Defense Department.
UNLESS vetoed by either Hous
or Senate, the plan will take ef-
fect next Monday.
Foes of the section on militar
planning, which include numer-
ous Republicans, have called it a
scheme to create a "Prussian-type
t suprere general staff."
The government operations
committee Monday had approv-
ed two bills intended to side-
step the reorganization law so
as to cut out the offending sec-
tion dealing with the Joint
Chiefs while letting the rest of
the plan take effect.
Although, under the law, reor-
ganization plans must be acceptec
or rejected in one piece, the bills
-' by Hoffman and Rep. Condon
(D-Calif.) would amend the plan
by allowing the Senate and House
to approve them as ordinary legis-
lative proposals.
HOFFMAN announced late
Tuesday that he had been re-
fused a hearing in the rules com-
mittee on te two bills. This has
the effect of blocking House con-
sideration of his proposal.
As privileged legislation, resolu-
tions either approving or disap-
proving reorganization plans may
be called up by an individua
House member at any time for
one hour's debate and a vote.
However, if the government
operations committee should
vote out a veto resolution, foes
of the plan would be able to tie
up the House for two days of
debate and argument.
Eisenhower's plan of reorgani-
zation of the Defense Department
provides mainly for streamlining
the agency and clarifying lines of
* * *
REP. SHAFER (R-Mich.) told
the House Tuesday, that "never,
in my recollection, has a majority
party and its leadership in the
White House and in Congress
been boxed in as neatly as has
the Republican party and leader-
ship in this instance."
"The maneuver," Shafer added,
"has reached the point where it
threatens to put the Republican
majority and its leadership in the
position of rejecting the counsel
and warnings of Herbert Hoover
and embracing and endorsing the
views of Dean Acheson, views re-
corded by Mr. Acheson in a minor-
ity report as a member of the
Hoover Commission."
Polish Captain
Of Liner Asks
West Asylum

Opportunities galore exist
for summer students who at-
tend today's tryout meeting for
The Daily's business staff at
4:15 p.m. at the Student Pub-
lications Bldg.
Students who intend to con-
tinue their Daily work next
semester, stand a good chance
of rapid advancement through
summer work according to
Business Manager Bob Miller,
Grad. For those who care to
work only this summer, Miller
pointed out that The Daily pro-
vides excellent practical busi-
ness experience.
Tryouts will do work on ad-
vertising, finance and circula-
tion. They will not be required
to do any night work.
Editorial staff tryouts will be
called next week.
Nof To Call
Tom Clark
House Judiciary Committee re-
fused yesterday to subpoena Su-
preme Court Justice Tom Clark
for grilling about Justice Depart-!
ment operations during his four
years as attorney general.
The vote was 22 to 5.



Re ove



In _Event of
Victims Mourned
ByWest Germany
BERLIN-(P)-Chancellor Konrad Adenauer told 125,000, sorrow-.
ing Berliners, massed here Tuesday for a memorial service to the vic-
tims of the East German revolt, that the men they mourned had shown
the world Germans will never yield to Soviet tyranny.
But the mills of Communist justice ground out death and prison.
sentence for East German workers in the crushed June 17 rebellion.
Long columns in Communist papers from 32 East German cities
reported the sentences.
* * * *
TWENTY-TWO Germans, including the Communist mayor of
Doebernitz, have been reported executed, according to Communist
press accounts.
After seven days of martial law
,150,000 Russian combat troops
and 100,000 Communist police-
SIke s hleat infantry still enforced an iron r
H3 The West German chancellor?
spoke at a memorial service for}
the "martyrs of freedom" in front
" of West Berlin's black draped city.
BRatified Throughout West Germany fac-
tories and traffic halted. People
stood in five minutes of silence. o


with Reds
Ohinese Attack As
lickering Continues

Chairman Chauncey W. Reed j X ACTTT1'fr7-T-'h

s(R-Ill.) said there was gener-
al agreement among committee,
members that Clark is not im-
mune and that Congress has the
right to subpoena him. A major
factor in the decision not to do so,
Reed said, was the probable diffi-
culty of getting a contempt cita-
tion through the House in the
event Clark refused to obey the
The issue came up when
Clark declined last week to ap-
pear voluntarily before a judi-
V ciary sub-committee investigat-
Lj ing the Justice Department. He
said in a letter to Subcommittee
Chairman Keating (R-N.Y.)
that "preservation of the inde-
pendence" of the judicial branch
of the government was involved
and that "the courts must be
kept free from public contro-
The subcommittee wanted to
question the former attorney gen-
eral about seven cases in which
his name was mentioned during
the course of the investigation-
not about any of Clark's activities
as a Supreme Court justice.
a The cases involved such things
as outside activities of Justice De-
partment lawyers and the handl-
ing of alleged cases of vote and
tax frauds. Clark told the sub-
committee three of the cases had
t been investigated by Congress pre-
viously and in each instance "it
was found that my actions were
taken in good faith and in the
public interest."
Gale Joins Group
Esson M. Gale, Director of the
International Center, has accept-
ed an invitation to join the ad-
visory committee of the Aid Re-
fugee Chinese Intellectuals Com-
Congressman Walter Judd (R-
Minn.) is chairman of the selectI
advisory group.

a w z~ii~cxau,4- ')- n


eu11 American Army flags and the
House yesterday voted 310 to 75 to flags at Strasbourg's European
approve President Eisenhower's Council headquarters were low-
proposal to grant a million tons of ered to half staff.
wheat to famine-stricken Paki- It was the most impressive dem-
stan. onstration of national German
The Senate has already ap- solidarity in resistance to Commu-
proved a similar bill. nist oppression since the war.
Adenaur said, "The whole


ART PRINT LOANS-Art Print Loan Collection head Dorthea
Leonard examines a print made available to students for summer
rental. Prints may be selected today through Friday in the Rack-
ham Gallery. Fifty cents will be charged for each print.

House passage came after two
days of spirited debate in which
Republican and Democratic lead-
ers joined in urging the move as
a token of American good will and
as a prop to U. S. foreign policy.
* * *F
LEADERS OF both parties de-j
scribed Pakistan as a staunch U. S.
ally in the cold war against com-
munism, although Rep. Fulton (R-
Pa.) contended that Pakistan has
engaged in trade with Red China.
Opponents criticized the grant
as part of an "endless give-away
merry-go-round." Several pro-
tested that "political henchmen
and rich merchants" would ben-
efit more than the hungry peo-
ple of Pakistan.
The bill, besides being a meas-
ure to relieve Pakistan, also is in
a sense an American farm relief
measure in that it reduces the big
wheat surplus which tends to drive
wheat prices down in this coun-
* * *
THE WHEAT, totalling 37 mil-
lion bushels valued at about 80
million dollars, will be taken from
surplus stocks gathered under the
U. S. government's price support
Under the bill, it is to be dis-
tributed by the Pakistan govern-
ment without cost to the needy.
Those who can afford to pay, how-
ever, will do so. The rupees thus
gained will be used to develop Paki-
stan agriculture to prevent future
drought disasters.
Political experts on campus con-
trasted the relatively easy passage
of the Pakistan wheat bill to the
passage of the bill sending wheat
to India.

__ _ _ ..

world has been shown that Ger-
mans will not be slaves. The
whole world has been shown
that they will no longer bear ty-
rany, that the method of totali-
tarian rule over the Germans is
German regime counted up a stag-
gering bill in crippled industries,
riot - damaged cities, dead and
wounded from the revolt.
But the Communists boasted
they were exterminating "nests of
fascists, reactionaries, provoca-
teurs and enemy agents" as fast
as they found them.
These was no indication when
the Soviet command would sig-
nal a gradual withdrawal of its
forces to regular bases.
The steel curtain around East
Berlin was lifted by degrees, al-
though an estimated 4,000 strike-
ers were held in jail there. Two-
way traffic was permitted across
the sector border for east and
western residents with jobs on the
Jother side.
Michigan Gas
Prices Go Up.
Another Cent

1IA UW Asks Cooperation
In Legal School Probes
By The Associated Press
Urging that responsibility for preserving the freedom to learn
and to teach be placed on the educational institutions themselves, the
American Association of University Women meeting in Minneapolis,
yesterday recommended that alleged violations of law be dealt with
by "legally constituted law enforcement agencies and courts."
The resolution was adopted by the group shortly after hearing
an address by Dr. Harold Taylor, president of Sarah Lawrence Col-
lege, Bronxville, N.Y., in which he said that in cases "the cooperation
of the colleges with the committees'>-- ------_
jhas been such that teachers have i
been ordered beforehand either to U N rbes
heed the commands or face im-I
mediate dismissal." Forced Labor
THE NEW YORK educator said I
that the generation of college stu- '-R d La d
dents who are criticized daily as
"the silent generation" are being GENEVA, Switzerland-{AP)-A
taught to be silent from day to United Nations Committee report-
day "by the actions and example ed yesterday that force labor as
of those responsible for their edu- a means of political persecution
cational development." was definitely established in the

SEOUL - (P) - President Syng-
man Rhee disclosed officially to-
day he had notified Gen. Mark W.
Clark he would withdraw the
South Korean Army from Clark's
UN Command if an armistice is
signed now with the Communists.
Earlier today two Chinese regi-
ments smashed at Sniper Ridge
and Boomerang Ridge on the
East-Central Korean Front, but
American and South Korean
forces stopped one of the assaults.
* * *
THE COMMUNIST assaults, by
some 6,000 to 7,000 men, broke a
lull of several days which follow-
ed last week's heavy Chinese of-
fensive against South Korean po-
Rhee made public a letter he
sent to Clark dated last Saturday,
June 20, in which he said:
"The signing of the present
armistice as it is will be con-
sidered as a final official indi-
cation of a drastic change in
the relationship which we have
been maintaining together so
"I do not see then how the ROK
forces can remain under your
command, however regrettable to
* * *
RHEE'S LETTER to Clark con-
"However, as you say, I prom-
ised that I would let you know as
a friend to a friend, when I have
decided to withdraw our forces
from the United Nations Com-
mand. That understanding still
holds good, as you will see in my
World News
By The Associated Press
PARIS - Antoine Pinay Tues-
day night gave up his efforts to
form a new French Cabinet after
two big political parties in the
National Assembly had refused
their support.
Pinay was asked by President
Vincent Auriol to try to end the
long political crisis, now in its
34th day.
The Popular Republican Move-
ment a Catholic left-of-center par-
ty with 89 deputies, told Pinay he
could not count on many of its
The Republican Union and So-
cial Action Group URAS deputies
votes told him the same thing.
NEWDELHI-The death of
the powerful opposition leader,
Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee,
while a political prisoner touch-
ed off street fighting and a
mass funeral demonstration
here Tuesday. Government lead-
ers feared Mookerjee's Hindu
extremists might resort to vio-
* * *
WASHINGTON-Another slight
rise sent the cost of living as of
May 15 to its highest point this
year, the Bureau of Labor Statis-
tics reported Tuesday.
* * *
BERN, Switzerland -- An ad-
vance party of the Swiss contin-
gent for the Korean neutral armi-
stice commission received orders
Tuesday to leave for Tokyo on

last letter to you. And, as I said
in it, I still hope I may not have
to issue that directive of with-
drawal. The prisoners of war is-
sue is, however, not to be con-
fused with that. It is something
unrelated. As a matter of fact,
when I made that promise you re-
ferred to, I had no idea that I was
going to release the loyal Korean
Rhee's disclosure of his letter
to Clark served to place. even
stronger emphasis on his pub-
lic statement that South Korea
would go it alone unless the
impending truce terms are re-
vised to fit his newest and most
stiff demands.
The defiant 78-year-old Presi-
dent asserted "We don't care what
the Communists and Russians
think of it . . ." and stated pub-
licly his price for a cease-fire just
after Gen. Clark spent two days
trying to get him in line.
CLARK SAID after the meet-
ing he was "encouraged."
Allied officers reported details
of the new action were meager.
The new attacks began at mid-
Both ridges are north of Kumh-
wa, west of the sector in which
the Chinese hit earlier this
month in the biggest offensive in
two years.
Head of UN
Pearson Hits
Rhee Actions
UN Assembly President. Lester B.
Pearson yesterday accused Presi-
dent Syngman Rhee of "shock-
ing" conduct in releasing North
Korean prisoners of war.
He called on Rhee to co-oper-
ate fully with the UN Command
for an early and honorable ar-
In one of the strongest mes-
sages ever to go from a UN offi-
cial to a chief of state, Pearson,
who also is Canada's foreign sec-
retary, grimly warned that Ko-
rea's people will "suffer first and
suffer most" if Rhee insists on
going ahead without the UN.
* * *
PEARSON'S message was dis-
patched through UN Secretary-
General Dag Hammarskjold after
consultations with some delega-
tions. It drew an immediate ap-
proving nod from the State
Department in Washington. A
spokesman said Pearson's views
"accord with those expressed to
President Rhee by spokesmen for
the United States government."
But dispatches from Seoul
showed the aged Korean was
standing his ground. He said in
a CBS interview that "The UN
authorities should thank me for
releasing the prisoners instead
of calling me a violator."
Some UN delegates heard in
surprised silence his terms for
cooperating with the UN Com-
mand. They were: A mutual se-
curity pact with the United States;
simultaneous withdrawal of both
UN and Chinese forces from Ko-
rea; resumption of the war if
three months of armistice talks
have no result. The UN Command
promptly turned down those
terms and the diplomats here
seemed agreed that the UN never
could approve them.
* * *
PEARSON and Hammarskjold
will confer in Ottawa Friday on
the situation and on plans for
an Assembly meeting after an
armistice is signed. The UN made
no official note that yesterday

was the second anniversary of the
start of efforts for an armistice in

According to Dr. Taylor, the
executive branch of the govern-
ment can solve "the problem of
McCarthyism" by refusing to dis-
miss competent individuals or
change good policies "under thej
vp ncure .uf irtrecnuuciuie i

pressure of irresponsible a
Michigan gasoline prices went mands."
up another cent yesterday in the Attending the convention fr
13th increase in gasoline since the Ann Arbor were Miss Alice B
removal of price controls in 1946. man, state secretary of AAU
Following The Retail Gasoline Mrs. Arthur Brandon, state pre
Dealers Association of Michigan's dent; and Mrs. W. W. Gilbe
statement that the raise was n- president of the Ann Arbor cha
cessary because of a 25 cent a bar- ter. Prof. Lila Miller. Universi
rel increase in the cost of crude delegate and Prof. Margaret Ti
oil, was the statement of Charles cey, chairman of the national con
C. Lockwood, attorney for the mittee on fellowships are a
Greater Detroit Consumer's Coun- present.
cil, that there is no justification
for the last two gasoline boosts.t
The price of gasoline was jumpe Quartet To Ruii
two cents just last month.


Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, Bul-
garia and Romania.
In these countries, the commit-
tee declared, "A person may be
sentenced to forced labor for hav-
ing in some way expressed his
ideological opposition to the estab-
lished political order, or even be-
cause he is only suspected of such
In four other countries-Hun-
gary, Poland, South Africa and
Malaya - the committeefound
laws permitting forced labor for
political coercion also existed, but
there was not sufficient evidence
to establish whether or to what
extent these laws were applied in
Forced labor for economic pur-
poses also was possible-though
not proved-under existing laws
in nearly all the remaining Soviet
satellites, as well as in the Aus-
tralian Pacific island colony of
Nauru, and in Spain, Kenya, thej
Belgian Congo and some parts of
the United States.

I ,

t LONDON-(P)-The captain of
the Polish liner Batory, decorated NO WORD YET:
by Red Poland for his part in the
Eisler escape episode, has jumped: TT
his ship and asked for asylum in U er
Cwiklinski and his medical of-,
ficer were not aboard when the 13.S . B o
Batory left England last week
end, but the escapes did not come
to light until Tuesday night. State department directives ord-
Officials here said the captain ering the removal of suspected
had been traced and detained and subversive books from U. S. over-
had asked for political asylum in seas libraries have not as yet
Britain. reached the vicinity of Ann Arbor
The captain's request for asylum or the University.
in Britain is "under considera- A quick glance at the files in
tion," offi ials said. the University General Library re-
Responsible sources said later veals books by 12 of 16 authors
their request for asylum undoubt- named specifically in one of the
edly would be granted. confidential directives of the State
Cwiklinski and his medical of- Department. According to a New
ficer are the third and fourth fYork Times survey, these direc.-
Poles to make a dramatic switch tives or orders called for the ban-
_olesnto make a dramatic switch . f rp-


u {

his identification with revolu-
tionary causes.
Prof. Gene Weltfish led the field
of authors represented on Univer-
sity shelves with 15 books.
She was dropped as a lecturer
in anthropology by Columbia Uni-
versity after having refused last
October to say whether she was or
ever had been a Communist. Prof.
Weltfish has also publicized Com-
munist charges that UN forces had
used germ warfare in Korea.
The local Ann Arbor Public Li-

* *' *
"SOMEONE is making a whale'
of a profit . - ." Lockwood said.
His observations came on the
heels of promises by State Rep.
Edward H. Jeffries to bring swift
investigation action against the
major gasoline companies in-
volved. A Michigan Legislature
committee was slated to meet on
July 7, to investigate last
spring's price boosts. Now the
committee has moved the first
session to this Friday. Jeffries
charged that Michigan's gaso-
line price situation has gotten
"completely out of hand."
Pure Oil, Sinclair, and Standard
Oil of Indiana were the three

The Student Legislature Cinema;
Guild will begin a four day run
of Somerset Maugham's "Quartet"
With shows at 7 and 9 p.m. at
the Architecture Auditorium, the
movie will run through Sunday.

Garbage Disposal Dispute Rages

Irate Ann Arbor citizens and
city officials continued the battle
of iripn c nn n 0nrnnn ni ,4-.n ap nc

HE POINTED out that although
other methods of disposal of gar-

most advantageous to citizens.'
Meanwhile, the Seventh Ward

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