THE MICHIGAN DAILY
fTIDAY, 3ULY 3, 1953
Foreign Service Dilemma
PERHAPS THE most important point
brought out by the lecture of Joseph
Ballantine on American foreign policy was
the fact that the United States has consis-
tently lacked a well trained, professional for-
eign service capable of dealing in a mature
way with our newly acquired foreign com-
Ballantine didn't mention it, but he im-
plied that at the bottom of many of our
problems lies a basic inability of our State
Department to grasp the world implications
of our policy decisions. This fault stems not
from any lack of intelligent personnel, but
from a lack of trained individuals who have
devoted their lives to studying foreign na-
tions from a foreign viewpoint.
The history of American foreign affairs
is filled with examples of naive diplomacy.
The Spanish-American war was literally
forced on the United States by a group of
dollar-mad businessmen and the sensa-
tionalism of "yellow journalists." The First
World War was entered into under the
false delusion of "Making the world safe
for democracy." And unconditional sur-
render was the slogan that carried the
United States to a crushing victory over
the Axis powers.
In each instance instead of rational con-
templation of our objectives, the American
government followed a policy of adherence
to certain abstract principles which bore no
relation to the realities of world politics.
This condition might have prevailed with
no harm done if the United States had re-
mained in "Splendid isolation," but with our
emergence as the prime leader in Western
affairs the continuation of such a policy
could well lead to a great tragedy.
However, the Eisenhower administration
seems bent in following this same path of
mistakes. Career ministers have been #is-
placed from important foreign posts to
make way for political appointments.
Highly placed experts in the State Depart-
ment have been forced to relinquish a life's
work to make way for a clean sweep. Even
civil service has not been spared the tinge
of political machinations.
What is needed now is the development
of a career foreign service untouched by the
vagaries of changing administrations, se-
cure in their work, and able to respond to
world conditions from a position of know-
ledge rather than the gropings of the past.
'U' Pay Hike
THE NEWLY suggested pay raise for the
University staff is an encouraging move.
There has long been a need for such a pay,
hike and the allocation of $1,238,000 set
aside by sthe budget committed could hardly
be used more beneficially.
Cliches about the teacher molding the
youth of 'the country and being the basis
for its democratic nature are time worn
but nevertheless pertinent. Regardless of
the accusations of the McCarthyites, the col-
lege teacher remains as one of the most in-
corruptable influences in American society.
This is all the more surprising when one
compares his standard of living to that of
many other professional men whose train-
ing, though of similar length, commands
more respect from the community both ma-
terially and socially.
Another less idealistic but practical
justification for teachers' receiving higher
pay is that a number of valuable men are
leaving the field of education for greener
pastures. That more have not left is a
credit to the teaching profession.
The question arises, however, of how long
the college teacher can remain oblivious to
these pressures of contemporary society, es-
pecially since these pressures will be brought
closer to home with the arrival of the in-
In America where money has become the
all important barometer of one's respecta-
bility and often the best security against
badgering investigating committees, it is
essential that the college teacher receive a
sufficient amount to enable him to continue
his indispensible work.
Although the budget pay raise is not by
any means sufficient enough to stave off the
dangers encircling the teaching profession,
it may offer encouragement to its down-
Yuteppetin9 the 7'ew
By J. M. ROBERTS, JR.
Associated Press News Analyst
PRESIDENT EISENHOWER and Secretary
Dulles, in discussing the objectives of
the tri-power foreign ministers conference
at Washington next week, have both played
down the isue of Four Power talks with Rus-
The secretary cited the need of imfriediate
approaches to an allied policy on German
reunification as a major reason for holding
such a conference, since the long French
Cabinet crisis and the subsequent illness of
Winston Churchill had interfered with the
planned top-level meeting in Bermuda.
The President followed up with mention of
Korea, the Middle East, the North Atlantic
Treaty Organization's needs, Indochina and
world trade as matters to be discussed.
If there is any thought among American
leaders, however, that the Four Power con-a
ference issue can be pushed into the back-
ground because of Churchill's ilness, they
are in for disapointment.
Lord Salisbury, who will represent the Bri-
tish Foreign Office because Foreign Minister
Anthony Eden also is ill, is just as strongly
in favor of an early Four Power conference
as is the Prime Minister. British interest in
general focuses directly on the issue.
Wednesday's British press stresses the
point. The Manchester Guardian called at-
tention to Secretary Dulles' statement of
Tuesday that the Russian empire is over-
extended. It continued:
"The British are apt to think pessimisti-
cally that the world is always in a pretty bad
way, and that the wisest course is to see
what may be done here and there . . . Am-
ericans, on the other hand, fear anything
which looks like compromise with iniquity.
Hence their unwillingness to negotiate with
Mr. Malenkov if there is any possibility that
he and the Russian system may fall by their
own evil weight.
"As long as the Russians are an organ-
ized military power, if they profess an in-
terest in accomodation, surely the sensible
thing is to find out what they have in
mind. If they want to negotiate when we
are in a position of strength and they of
relative weakness, surely that is all the
better from our point of view.
A considerable over-simplification of both
the British and American attitudes, to be
sure. But the reasoning with regard to the
relative positions of East and West at this
time is widely subscribed to. No matter what
the American attitude, the decision is not go-
ing to wait very long.
UNLESS THIS forthcoming holiday is dif-
ferent from all that have preceded it,
thousands of Americans will become depen-
dents on Independence Day,
They will be the maimed, the widowed, the
orphaned. For the rest of their lives some
of the maimed will have to depend on others
for their physical care and comfort-some
of 'the widowed and orphaned will have to
depend on relatives or the state for their fi-
And the dependency of the maimed, the
widowed, the orphaned will be the result of
Independence Day accident.
In addition, several hundred Americans
will pay for their celebration with their
All this because of accidents that need not
Holidays have become horror days in the
United States. In recent years many holi-
days have brought such a high accident
toll that they assume the proportions of a
national catastrophe. And this carnage need
not occur. Accidents are not acts of God.
They are acts of humans who foolishly bet
their lives for dubious rewards.
The driver who speeds to get to his des-
tination-what difference does it make whe-
ther he arrives 10 or 20 minutes later?
The youth who attempts to swim across
the lake-what is gained by trying to show
off in front of a crowd?
The father who cannot deny his chil-
dren the "pleasure" of fireworks-what
pleasure will the child derive from sight-
Motor vehicle accidents lead the list of
Fourth of July hazards. One out of two per-
sons now living in this country has been
or will be injured in a motor vehicle acci-
dent before he dies, unless our present' acci-
dent rate is greatly reduced. And many of
these accidents occur on holidays, when traf-
fic is especially heavy.
Second high on the Fourth of July acci-
dent list is drowning. Falls, fireworks and
firearms, sunstroke and heat exhaustion,
food poisoning and miscellaneous accidents
also exact their toll.
Independence Day tolls are not inevitable.
They can be prevented. Police departments
and other officials all over the country will
be alert to prevent as many accidents as pos-
sible. But as always the size of the toll de-
pends chiefly on the good sense of every Am-
erican. Take it easy on the Fourth. Don't
let Tndennvde~npna.,v make vnn ATr,,, 0
"You Got Any More Firecrackers?"
W ITH DREW PEARSON I
WASHINGTON-Reasons why the little group of embattled Repub-
licans backtracked on the excess-profits fight were three fold:
1) Uncle Dan Reed, the thorn in Ike's side, had warned he would
botle up all other tax and social-security legislation inside his Ways
and Means Committee; 2) Some corporations were planning a court
battle over the constitutionality of a tax bill which bypassed the Ways
and Means Committee; 3) The Democrats refused to give GOP lead-
ers the votes . . . "We're not pulling your chestnuts out of the fire,"
Sam Rayburn told Republican Leader Charley Halleck . . . The man
who helped call off the steam-roller tax tactics was Ike's close friend,
Sen. Frank Carlson, both Kansas boys . . . The Administration called
up all reinforcements to help in the tax battle. Even Assistant Secre-
tary of State Thurston Morton, ex-congressman from Louisville, Ky.,
was summoned to the White House and ordered to buttonhole ex-
colleagues . . . When he protested that his job was foreign. relations,
not taxes, he was bluntly told: "We're using everyone in this fight!"
... The fight might have been won months ago if the White House
had called in Chairman Reed at the very start instead of bypassing
him as it did last Januaryand consulting Senator Millikin of Colorado
INSIDE THE WHITE HOUSE
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communica-
tions from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all
letters which are signed by the wri-
ter and in good taste. Letters ex-
ceeding 300 words in length, defama-
tory or libelous letters, and letters
which for any reason are not in good
taste will be condensed, edited or
withheld from publication at the
discretion of the editors.
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construe-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent in
1 TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3510
Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceeding publication (be-
fore 11 a.m. on saturday).
FRIDAY, JULY 3, 1953
VOL. LX1I, No. 9S
Saturday, July 4, is an official holiday.
Classes will be held as usual on Friday.
Lydia Mendelssohn Box Office is
open from 10 a.m. until sepn, rtoday.
Season tickets for the Department of
Speech summer play series are still
available at $6.00-$4.75-$3.25. Tickets
for the individual plays are also on
sale now at $1.20-90c-60c for the plays
Iand $1 .50-$i1.20-90c for the musical
comedy and opera. The Department of
Speechasummer play series Includes
The Madwoman of Chaillot, Knicker-
bocker Holiday, The Country Girl, Pyg-
malion and The Tales of Hoffman.
The General Library and all the Di-
visional Libraries will be closed, Satur-
day, July 4, a University holiday.
Next week, July 8, 9, 10 and 11, the
Department of Speech will present Max-
well Anderson and Kurt Weill's delight-
fully satirical musical comedy, Knick-
erbocker Holiday. This popular musical
uses New Amsterdam in 1847 as th~e
setting for making funof present day
political activities. "September Song" is
one of the popular tunes from Knick-
erbocker Holiday. Miss Esther Schloz, of
the Detroit Publio Schools and guest
instructor in the Women's Physical
Education Department, is creating and
directing the choreography. Paul Miller,
Grad. Music, is conducting the orchec!
tra and chorus. The entire production
is under the direction of William P.
Halstead of the Department of Speech.
All performances are in the Lydia Men-
'delssohn Theatre at 8:00 pm.
The student sponsored social events
listed below are approved for the com-
ing weekend. Social chairmen are re-
quested to file requests for approval for
social activities in the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs not later than 12 o'clock
noon on the Monday prior to the
At the State .
GLORY BRIGADE, with Victor Mature
TWENTIETH CENTURY FOX is one Hol-
lywood studio that has not cut a lot of
corners since the recent panic started. The
consequence of this little bit of courage is a
movie which for a change is not badly writ-
ten, crudely produced, and an insult to any-
one over the age of twelve.
Granted that It has lacked much com-
petition, "Glory Brigade" is far and away
the best movie about the Korean war, and
is probably the best war movie Hollywood
has turned out in four years. There is
nothing profound about it; it follows the
standard formula of battle adventure cli-
maxing in last minute rescue-but its vig-
orous sense of authenticity and avoidance
of all the offensive cliches of the genre
tend to give it a logic and merit above its
apparent intentions. It is competent in
every department during a season when
isolated adequacies have been infrequent
What Director Robert Webb and Writer
Franklin Coen have been wise enough to no-
tice is that the action in Korea was under-
taken as a United Nations combined resist-
ence to aggression. Without abundant ser-
mons or homilectic exhortations, this fact,
hitherto unnoticed in Hollywood, is sym-
bolized in a joint patrol action by a pla-
toon of American Army Engineers and a
Greek company. The plot moves the hero,
a Greek-American officer, through several
stages of attitudes toward his allies, none
of which quite falls into the "now-I-have-
seen-the-light" cliche common to misunder-
stood foreigner movies. Mature, the officer,
manages to express at least some of the
widespread skepticism of the value of allies
who are outnumbered, 10-1, by United States
forces in Korea. This issue is, of course,
particularly pregnant toaay when inter-al-
lied relationships in Korea have become so
strained that unilateral decisions are be-
%oming daily affairs.
The profounder aspects of these ten-
sions, of course, are not touched in the
film. Its psychology, however, constant-
tly penetrates deeper than the standard
liberal-tolerance potboiler, both from the
Greek and the American points of view.
This is a substantial credit to an action
Significantly enough, the film has been
made without women, and indeed, without
any references to women, something almost
unheard of in a film about soldiers. No film-
maker has ever implied before that the busi-
ness of warfare was that distracting.
In the leading role, Victor Mature ably
A rchitecture Auditorinim
DESTRY RIDES AGAIN, with James
Stewart and Marlene Dietrich
DESTRY DOESN'T RIDE very much but
he triumphs over evil quite handily in
this somewhat over-cliched Western.
The movie opens with a dark display of
shooting, brawling, and cheating, but ends
with sunshine, laughter and order. In be-
tween Jimmy Stewart as deputy-sheriff Des-
try tries to use reason and parable, "without
guns," to end the town's exaggerated law-
But when his old friend, the sheriff, is
treacherously killed, we don't know exact-
ly why, Destry straps on his guns, con-
quering violence with violence, aided by
an army of club-brandishing women whom
the badmen just cannot shoot.
"Frenchy" Dietrich, dance hall singer at
the "Last Chance Saloon" complicates the
plot by progressing from love of money to
love'of Stewart. She is rewarded with a bul-
let intended for Destry but dies regenerated,
symbolically wiping off her greasepaint.
Before the cliches have become too ob-
vious; Marlene stirs a base emotion with her
singing and fighting. Her brawl with the
slightly less wild Mrs. Callihan, played by
Una Merkel, is tops for female fisticuffs.
Miss Dietrich, especially in the earlier
parts of the film, easily outshines her fel-
low performers. This time she has no need
of leg appeal. Her vibrancy and facial ex-
pressiveness are quite sufficient. Brian
Donlevy, the very bad dance hall owner,
wears a stupid grin throughout. Stewart'sI
quiet self-affacement remains adequate
until the first death scene. Here his at-
tempt to express anger and bereavement,
by puffing out his lips and cheeks, col-
Mischa Auer and Charles Winninger,
Destry's friends, produce some- first-rate
The film was not "capitally directed." We
get a monotonous run of front view close-
ups at Winninger's climactic death scene.
There is a superabundance of closeups on
Stewart. The fregent use of medium and
close-ups rather than distance shots in the
crowd scenes confused the empathic rela-
tionship. Two many close-ups obscured the
mass effect of the crowd.
WHERE there is no free agency, there can
be no morality. Where there is no temp-
tation, there can be little claim to virtue.
Where the routine is rigorously prescribed
by law, the law, and not the man, must have
For the first time, Ike is using federal patronage to keep balky
senators in line. Maryland's Sen. John Marshall Butler was called to
the White House and told that jobs he wanted filled in Maryland
might depend on his vote to admit 240,000 refugees into the U.S.A.
.. . U.S. marshals, district attorneys and judges in their states are
important to senators . . . The same tactic was use$ with Senator
Watkins of Utah when he hesitated about introducing the 240,000
increased immigration act. He was promised the appointment of Tom
Lyon, Bureau of Mines Director . . . Vice-President Nixon has turned
out to be a newsman's bonanza for what's going on inside the' White
House . . . One reason for the private White House dinner for Cardinal
Spellman, Herbert Hoover and General MacArthur was the fear Mac-
Arthur might sound off in support of his old friend, Syngman Rhee.
MacArthur was close to Rhee, used to butter him up more than U.S.
offciials have of late . . . Sen. Styles Bridges of New Hampshire gets
invited to dine at the White House almost as much as the man who
may run against him, assistant president Sherman Adams, ex-Gover-
nor of New Hampshire.
IKE'S SPECIAL ENVOY
It's an amazing paradox that the man who is Eisenhower's per-
sonal representative to President Syngman Rhee, Walter Robertson,
happens to be the same man who was Gen. George Marshall's envoy
to the Chinese Communists when Marshall was trying to patch up a
Communist-Nationalist coalition in China.
The other two diplomats who then believed it was possible
to form a coalition between the Communists and Chiang Kai-Shek
have virtually been hounded out of government. John Carter
Vincent, state department adviser to Marshall, was so castigated
by Senator McCarthy that John Foster Dulles eventually fired him
-not for being disloyal but for being wrong on China.
And Marshall himself so incurred McCarthy's wrath that the
Wisconsinite delivered a 60,000-word diatribe calling him a traitor,
and then published his bitter denunciation in book form. What he
said, of course, was delivered from the safety of the Senate floor where
he could not be sued for libel.
Meanwhile the third member of the Marshall-Vincent triumvirate,
Walter Robertson, now assistant secretary of state, is in Korea. A
Virginia broker, he went to China as economic counselor of the Ameri-
can embassy, was close to Ambassador Marshall, acted as his most
trusted assistant in dickering with the Communists and the National-
ists. He was sent to Peiping as,' - - -
head of a truce team consisting of
one Chinese Communist, one Chi- tit
nese Nationalist and one Ameri-,
can. Robertson was the American, 901-0
Robertson used to say that it
was easier to get along with the
Communists than the National-
ists. In the end, he got discour-
aged about a nagreement, and
so reported to Marshall,
One year later, 'in 1947, Robert-
son was picked by John Carter -
Vincent to go to Korea as a civil-
ian administrator to put Korea in-
order. The state department at -
that time planned to spend half a SixtyThird Year
billion dollars to protect Korea
from Red invasion and show the Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
Russians we weren t going to authority of the Board in Control of
abandon it. student Publications'
But simultaneously President
Truman launched his doctrine of Editorial Staff
aid to Greece and Turkey and Harland Britz.........Managing Editor
overruled Vincent. He said he Dick Lewis.............Sports Editor
Becky Conrad......... Night Editor
couldn't afford to bolster Korea at Gayle Greene..........Night Editor
the same time we were sending Pat Roelofs.............. Night Editor
money to Turkey and Greece. Fran Sheldon..,...........Night Editor
This also is a paradox of fate.
For, if the recommendation of Business Staff
Vincent, the man MdCarthy ac- f Bob Miller. ..........Business Manager
cused of being - Dick Aistrom.....Circulation Manager
i pro-ommunist, Dick Nyberg. ........Finance Manager
had been carried out, Korea might Jessica Tanner....Advertising Associate
July 4, 1953-
Chinese Students Club picnic.
Michigan Christian Fellowship picnic.
A representative from The Canada
Life Assurance Co. will be at the Bureau
of Appointments on Tues., July 7, to in-
terview men for Life Insurance Sales
positions, Although a degree is not re-
quired for these positions, at least 2
years of college work in Bus. Ad. or
Education is preferred.
The Post Cereals Division of the Gen-
eral Foods Corp. in Battle Creek, Mich.,
has two openings for men, either June
or August graduates, in their Research
Department as Assistant Technologist
and Junior Technologist hApplicants
should have a B.B. in Chemistry or
The Travelers Insurance Co. of Detroit
Michigan, is looking for candidates for
their Management Training Program.
Men graduates in Bus. Ad. or LSA may
For appointments, applications, and
additional Information about these and
other openings, contact the Bureau of
Appointments, 3528 Administration
Bldg., Ext. 371.
For the Symposium on X-Ray Diffrac-
tion Professor P. P. Ewald of the Brook-
lyn Polytechnic Institute, will use as
his topic today at 9 a.m. in 1400 Chem-
istry Building "The Fourier Transfor-
mation and X-Ray Diffraction of Crys-
tals" Professor William N. Lipscomb of
the University of Minnesota, will speak
at 10 o'clock on "Experimental Studies
of Crystal Structure: Nature of Bond-
ing and Valence in Metals and Inter-
metallic Compounds" in 1400 ChemIs-
The lecture topic for the Symposium
on Astrophysics today is "Galaxies:
Their Composition and Structure" by
Dr. Walter Baade of Mount Wilson and
Palomar Observatories. He will speak in
Room 1400 Chemistry Building at 2 p.m.
Doctoral Examination for Elizabeth
Virginia Davidian, Education; theis:
"The Comparability of the Ratings of
Teacher Graduates at a Selected Teach-
ers' College by Training Supervisors and
School Employers," Monday, July 6,
East Council Room, Rackham Build-
ing, at 2 p.m. Chairman, H. C. Koch.
Make-Up Eaminations in History-
Saturday, July 11 9-12 a.m., 2407 Mason
Hall. See your instructor for permis-
sion and then sign list in History Office.
M.A. Language Examination-Friday,
July 10, 4-5 p.m., 3615 Haven Hall. Sign
list in History Office. Can bring a dic-
Special Choral Demonstrations (First
Series) by. Maynard Klein, conductor of
the University of Michigan Choirs, Mon-
day, July 6, 11 a.m., and 3 p.m., and
Tuesday, July 7, 11 a.m., in Auditorium
&, Angell Hall. Individual conferences
may be arranged with Professor Klein
by signing for appointments. A list Of
available hours will be posted on the
door of Room 708 Burton Tower, where
conferences will be held. Open to all
A second series of choral demonstra-
tions with Marlowe Smith, Eastman
School of Music, will be held July 10
Museum of Art. Museum collections.
General Library. Best sellers of the
Kelse' Museum of Archaeology. 0111-
man Collection of Antiquities of Pales-
Museums Building, rotunda exhibit.
Modern Mexican village ceramics.
Michigan Historical Collections. Mich-
igan, year-round vacation land.
Clements Library. The good, the bad,
Law Library. Elizabeth 15 and her
Architecture Building. Lithographs by
students of the College of Architecture
*Play, presented by the Department
of Speech. The Madwoman of Challit,
by Jean Giraudoux, 8 p.m., Lydia Men-
SL Cinema Guild-Marlene Dietrich,
James Stewart in "Destry Rides Again,"
Cartoon: "Cagey Canary." 7 and 9 p.m.,
A Fresh Air Camp Clinic,,Dr. John T,
Pitkin, Director, Huron Valley Child
Guidance Clinic will be the psyhia-
trist. Students with a professional in-
terest are welcome to attend. Main
Lodge, University of Michigan Fresh
Air Camp, Patterson Lake, 8 o'clock.
All local young liberals ,are cordially
invited to an informal discussion of the
current political scene, to be sponsored
by the Unitarian Student Group. Time:
8 p.m. today. Place: the Unitarian
Church (1917 Washtenaw). For trans-
portation from the campus area, meet
at South entrance of League at 8 p.m.
Refreshments will be served.
S.R.A. Intercultural Outing. Satur-
day and Sunday, July 4 and 5. Leave
Lane Hall at 2 p.m. for Saline Valley
Farms Cooperative. Return Sunday aft-
ernoon. Call reservations to Lane Hall,
3-1511 ext. 2851. All students and fa-
Russian Circle. First summer meeting,
Monday, July 8 at 8 p.m., International
Center. Program: election of officers,
Free Square Dancing Lessons at the
League Ballroom, Monday, July 6, from
7 to 9 p.m.
Graduate Outing Club meets Sunday,
July 5, at 2 p.m. at the rear of the
Rackham Building. Cars provided to
take members and friends to nearoy
lake for swimming, outdoor sports and
picnic supper. Newcomers welcome.
SL Appeal ,
To the Editor: I
DURING THE regular school
year, the elected members of
Student Legislature handle the
most interesting and stimulating
SL programs. But during summer
school, non-elected members of
the Summer Legislature are wel-
come to work on any programs
which interest them.
Summer Legislature gives ev-
ery student an opportunity to
learn about the campus, to handle
the most important of projects.
Those students who accept the
opportunity of working with Sum-
mer Legislature can gain much
experience and knowledge which
will assure them of obtaining high
stature in the regular SL even
though they are not elected mem-
Your activity on Summer Leg-
islature is as elastic as you de-
sire. SL activity will center on
those problems and projects af-
fecting the entire campus,
which interest you. The work
will consist largely of contact-
ing faculty and administrators
in order to discuss some aspects
of the educational community
with which SL is concerned.
With the aid of elected mem-
bers as advisors, Summer Legis-
lature will plan much of the
committee work for the coming
Those who have always won-
dered why SL hasn't accomplished
a certain goal will be able to try
it themselves, to place it in a
committee as a permanent part of
future SL programs.
Those who wish to feel a more
active part of the University
community, and who wish to gain
knowledge of the campus for fu-
ture use; come to the Student
Legislature Building at 512 South
State Street on any weekday from
3 p.m. to 5 p.m. SL members will
be present to discuss the part you
can take in SL activities.
Everyone is welcome, in addi-
tion, to drop in and express your
personal opinions of SL; now, at
a time when your individual opin-
ions and suggestions can best be
--Leah Marks, '55L
YOU ARE NOT permitted to kill