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July 03, 1953 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1953-07-03

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1'

FOREIGN SERVICE
DILEMMA
See Page 2

L

ri
Latest IDeadline in the State

:43 a t I

FAIRAN LESS HUMID

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ti

VOL. LXIII, No. 9S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 3, 1953

FOUR PAGES

i

-.- I

Officials Join
To Defend
K-F Unions
Charge of Labor
Abuses Denied
Gov. G. Mennen Williams, city
officials and businessmen yester.
day joined union leaders in a bit.
ter denunciation of a report thai
the Pentagon and Air Force would
shun the Detroit area on future
defense cont'racts because of "labor
union abuses."
Williams joined Detroit Mayor
Albert E. Cobo and union officiah
in expressing belief that Detroit
labor could produce as efficiently
or more efficiently than labor else-
where.
THEY REPORTED "shunning
of the Detroit area" for future
defense contracts reportedly grew
out of the Air Force's recent deci-
sion to cancel multi-million dollar
aircraft production contracts with
the Kaiser Motor Corp.
An Air Force source was quot-
ed by the Detroit News as say-
ing the Kaiser contracts for huge
C119 cargo planes were cancell-
ed becausd' of "an indifferent
labor force."
Deputy Defense Secretary Roger
Kyes, in Washington, said he knew
nothing about the report.
Kyes told newsmen he knew of
no reason to shun the Detroit
x area in the placing of defense
contracts.
* * *
ACCORDING TO the report, Air
Force investigators, who surveyed
conditions in Detroit area plants,
reported experienced aircraft
workers were being bumped off
their jobs by auto workers, who
lack experience inl plane handling
but who have more seniority in
the CIO United Auto Workers.
Emil Mazey, secretary-treasur-
er of the UAM, blasted the state-
ment.
"Statements attributed
through Air Force officials about
the labor in the Detroit area are
flat lies," Mazey said.
Gov. Williams said he viewed
the anti-labor charges with "great
skepticism."
The governor said he was mak-
ing a personal investigation of the
charges. He said his action would
depend-on what the investigation
reveals.
OFFICERS of the UAW local at
Willow Run, claimed the state-
ments were a "plot by. Air Force
Se'cretary Harold Talbott to dis-
credit Detroit labor unions.
* *
K-of Workers
Verify Attacks
Of Air Force
Uniori members in Willow Run
Village, gave comment yesterday
on union organization at the Kai-
ser Motors Corp. plant that may
indicate Air Force charges have
some basis.
Referring to Air Force Secre-
tary Talbott's recent inspection of
the Kaiser plant, one worker said
that the Local 142 CIO would
merit investigation because there
are "too many men getting paid
for supervising and they are not
kept busy."
USING THE title "Mahogany

Road" for unnecessarily created
foremen positions and men earn-
ing wages for "doing nothing,"
which in turn led to high cost of
K-F planes and contract cancella-
tions, another employe reported
that the plant union is discrim-
inating against experienced work-
ers in favor of seniority rights.
A 'small group controls the
union and is getting paid by the
national CIO, and therefore does
not work in the best interest of
local workers, the employe went
on to explain.
The only thing, to save the KM
union, - poorly organized now, is
vote the present controlling clique
out and get in new men to work
for the interest of all, another
laborer said.
Remarkig on Henry J. Kaiser,
head of the Willow Run plant, em-
ployes expressed the opinion that
he is working for the men's best
interest, as much as he can. In
reference to the possibility that

Rhee Still Firm
On Truce Stand
South Korean Infantrymen Drive
Communists Off Lookout Mountain
SEOUL-(A)-President Syngman Rhee and President Eisenhow-
er's special emissary conferred for the seventh time yesterday and,
afte rthe secret session, a high source said Rhee hadn't budged in hisI
opposition to a Korean armistice on present terms.
The Emissary, Assistant Secretary of State Walter S. Robertson,
met with Rhee an haur and five minutes.
* * * *
HE SAID ONLY that "Our discussions are continuing. I expect1
to see President Rhee again."
-_ -However, a high source who

Lazy .bones
GLOUCESTER, England -
(P) - Kenneth V. Wherrat real-
ly did hate-with a purple pas-
sion-to get out of bed in the
morning.
One day in 1950 Kenneth,
then 15 years old, decided he
simply wasn't going to do it any
more.
Kenneth didn't get up the
next morning, or the next or the
one after that, or in fact not
until Wednesday when the po-
lice came.
Police had been summoned
by neighbors, who wondered
whatever became of Kenneth.
They found the boy snug in
bed engrossed in a comic book.
His mother said there didn't
seem to be anything wrong
with her son, now 18 years old.
Ile just wouldn't get out of bed.
Soviets Kill
Own ITroopS

ouse

ays

President's

Air

Force

Budget

Chiang Men'
Repatriated
To Formosa
SAIGON, Indochina - ') -
Thirty thousand Chinese Nation-
alist troops, a well-trained and
valuable addition to Generalissimo
Chiang Kai-shek's army, have
been transported in war-like se-
crecy to Formosa after being in-
terned four years on an Indochi-
nese island.
A dispatch from Taipeh, For-
mosa, gave the number of Nation-
alists returned as 20,000 and quot-
ed the official Central News Agen-
cy as saying U. S. warships con-
veyed the troops after they left
Indochinese waters. The Nation-
alists apparently were playing
down the military importance of
the movement.
* * *
THE SOLDIERS were carried
to the Nationalist island strong-
hold in Chinese merchant ships,
and the operation was conducted
in secrecy to prevent Communist
interference.

declined to be named said Rhee
remained adamant on his in-
sistence on a U.S. pledge to re-
sume the war and unify Korea
if a political conference does not
settle the fate of the country 90
days after an armistice is signed
at Panmunjom.
The source added that .the aged,
intractable executive's demand for

a pledge in writing was impossible
to fulfill because the U.S. Senate After Rots
would have to ratify any such
agreement.
* * * BERLIN-Russian army firiing
Meanwhile, on the East-Central squads have killed 18 Soviet sol-
front, bitter see-saw fighting eased diers for refusing to fire on Ger-
again as South Korean infantry- man workers in the anti-Commu-
men, striking in three prongs. nist uprising last month, it was
drove dug-in Communists off reported by a German newspaper.
Lookout Mountain.A
The 1,600-foot height at the According t eUnite Pes
junction of the Pukhan and the West Berlin Telegraf said the
Kumsong Rivers, blocks the mass execution took place last
Chinese drive southward toward week-end at a Russian army camp
vital Hwachon reservoir. outside Mageburg.

-Daly-Lon Qui
STEPHEN PEARCE TRIES AN EARLY INDEPENDENCE DAY HOT FOOT
AAb P n ;F * *
A n Aror Plas No i' 4 Fstivites

Republic of Korea (ROK) troops'
of the 3rd Division stormed back
up the hill, under cover of an
American and ROK artillery bar-
rage. The ROKs attacked under
flare-lit skies.
ASSOCIATED PRESS Corres-
pondent John Randolph reported
at midday that the new south Ko-
rean positions were holding against
counter-attacks by a battalion of
Chinese - 500 to 750 men.

WESTERN officials were un- -- -
able to con firm th e rep o rt, b uttyt Rme s - - - l h- ---nr i e l o
they said that Red army deserters Although Ann Arborites will not scoot away before the long arm of
had told of widespread unrest and officially take part in any sort of the law can get to the scene of
low morale in the occupation Independence Day festivities, po- the crime.
army. lice department reports indicate Possession of any type of fire-
The Telegraf reported that that the younger generation has works is illegal in the state of
the executed soldiers disobeyed already begun to celebrate. Michigan, -but local celebrators
orders to shoot Germans charg- Complaints from local citizens find it easy to cross the State
ing the Magdeburg Prison to concerning illegal setting off of line into Ohio, nearly 50 miles{
free political prisoners and re- fireworks rose to a slight climax away, where sales of skyrockets
40---1 a_ this week in antiinantin of the ito i

The
began
sailed
22.

long-delayed repatriation
May 24 and the last ship
from Indochina on June

The Chinese, part of an army'
group commanded by Gen. Pai
Chung-hsia, fled into Northern
Indochina in 1949 when defeated
by the Communists. Thirty-one
generals, 1,300 officers and 1,700
women and children were among
them.
0 * *
FEARFUL of provoking a Chi-
nese Communist invasion, the
French refused their offer to fight
the Communist-led Vietminh in
Indochina, disarmed them and
removed them to the small island
of Phu Quoc, 1 miles off the
Cambodian coast of South Indo-
china.
About 1,000 agreed to work on'
plantations or in mines in Indo-
china, but the rest preferred in-
ternment. The Chinese were gov-
erned almost completely by Gen.
Ho Chou-pen, their leader.
Giradoux Comedy
To Continue Run
The speech department comedy,
"Madwoman of Chaillot" by Jean
Giradoux will continue its run
through tomorrow at the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theater.
Irldividual tickets for the per-
formances are still available for
$1.20, $.90 and $.60 at the Mendels-
sohn boxoffice.
A certain number of season
tickets are also available.

. fused to arrest eGerman workers p o ar r d oom ng,
Heavy overcast and mist, ac- who convinced them they were Fourth of July. University students do not seem,
companied by a cold drizzle, cov- fighting for better living con- to be joining the ranks of celebra-
ered the battle area. ditions. HOWEVER, police don't catch tors. according to the police.
During the night American very many offenders, because they Nearby Ypsilanti plans a parade
B26 bombers blasted a Red rail At least 62 East Germans have and fireworks demonstration to
line in the Kowan area for the been executed by the Communists commemorate the signing of the
fourth straight night and pound- since the June 17 uprisings, and Declaration of Independence.
ed front line positions. 25.000 have been arrested, accord-IUes ar heat Sponsored by the American Le-
U.S. Sabres in a surprise strike ing to Chancellor Konrad Ade- « gion, the 59-unit parade will march
-Thursday caught a Chinese ar- nauer of West Germany. .eiiter YLvedown Congress St. in Ypsilanti atI
mored regiment of probably 30 to * 11 am. tomorrow. Thirteen floats,
40 tanks massed in a valley on the TWO East Berliners who es- J Contrt antique cars, an ultra-futuramic
Western Front and plastered it caped from an internment camp ;« A plastic Kaiser Motors Corp. auto-
with bombs. where those rounded up after the mobile, militar-y units, eight dril
ONE explosion rocked the al revolt were held told West Ber- The Army has awarded a con-
lin authorities 1200 persons were trt to the University Willow Run
ley, and a great pall of smoke and in their camp at Friedrichsfelde. esearch Centerstoidevelop meth-
dust arose, making it impossible The Russians lifted a ban im- Bhelfast- C eers
to assess the damage wrought. Sa- posed June 26 on the entrys of gathering accurate, up-to-
bre pilots said they scored a num- Western Allied official vehicles in- dent Harlan Hatcher announced aQiueen.
ber of hits on the tanks after to East Berlin. The action fol- terd
bombs had ripped away camou- lowed a protest by American, ySt sy.
flage nets that covered the valley. British and French commanders Strict secrecy has been imposedBELFAST. Northern Ireland-
in West Berlin. concerning such details as -the (.'P)-Queen Elizabeth II was greet-
Continued unrest in the Soviet amount of the contract, its begin- ed in Northern Ireland yesterday
Grd ets IZone caused the Russians to send ning and termination dates, and with a thunder of cheers, an anti-
troops reinforcements to Pots- the type of research to be done. royalist bomb blast and a mystery
e Fellowship dam, outside Berlin Wednesday * * power failure that paralyzed Bel-
et W night when Walter Ulbright, Com- IN AWARDING the contract, fast just as she arrived in the
munist leader spoke there. the . Army made the following city.
University graduate Arthur A. His speech was part of the Corn- statement: The bomb ripped up 250 yards
Kovitz, '50, has been named one munist campaign to appease the "The full resources of science of the main Dublin-Belfast rail
of 10 men awarded fellowships for millions who revolted against the wThe fuleouc of sciproblem of line just north of the Irish re-
study at the Guggenheim Jet Pro- er hs-public's border. The Queen was
pulsion Center, Princeton Univer- Reds. improvning combat intelligence informa- 50 miles away at the time, but
;ity. ------ -- ting thus inesigethe striking the line was scheduled to carry 60
A native of Detroit, Kovitz will 'U' A 0t ' trains yesterday, many of them
study jet propulsion with empha- power of ground troops and bringing excursionists to her coro-
s on its peacetime uses. New jfecting a more economical use of nin esior
si o is eaetm ues L br ri n weapons and materiel, nation visit.
The fellowship will pay $1,700 Ne]a sn m r-
yearly in addition to tuition. I
Kovitz received his masters de- "PRESIDENT Harlan Hatcher h a n f edr
av~ flAm hn ~nv~rit~ ~ 1 President Harlan Hatcher has Istated in a conference with Under I/IE I IIia'

teams and seven bands will show
their wares in the parade.
Legionnaires are negotiating
now for the use of a huge Ameri-
can flag, 80 feet long and 39 feet
wide, to top off festivities.
An all-aerial display of fire-
works, also sponsored by the Le-
gion, is scheduled for 10 pm. to-
morrow at Waterworks Park in
Ypsilanti.
Parolee Sent
Back to Prison
JACKSON -(P) - Frank Cam-
maratta, a 52 year old prohibition
era hoodlum and Michigan parole
violator, was returned to Southern
Michigan Prison yesterday to fin-
ish out a 15 to 20 year term.
Cammarata was returned to
Michigan from Warren, O., by
Perry Maynard, assistant attor-
ney general'
* * *
HIS RETURN ended a five year
extradition battle by State Attor-
ney General Fra'nk Millard.
"As far as we are concerned,
this winds un the case," Millard
said, after being informed Cam-
marata was inside Southern
Michigan Prison. "We've got
Camarata back in prison and
that is what we have been try- -
ing to do for several years."
Cammarata was paroled in 1936
to allow his deportation to Italy.
Michigan authorities began their
long battle to return him to prison
in 1946 when the one time hood-
lum was arrested for illegal re-
entry into the United States.
IQ R""1111u1r

Slash
Democrats
Lose to GOP
Over Funds
All Services Get
34 Billion in Bill
WASHINGTON-MP)-The Re-
publican-dominated House rolled
up a major victory for President
Eisenhower yesterday when it ap-
proved his five-billion-dollar slash
in Air Force funds for the next
12 months.
Then it passed a $34,434,000,000
bill to finance all the armed forces.
BY A ROLL CALL vote of 230
to 161, the chamber rejected a
Democratic-led move to restore
$1,175,000,000 of the five billion
reduction recommended* by the
Eisenhower administration.
The vote marked the end of
the first phase ik the bitter dis-
pute over the administration's
call for a reduced Air Force bud-
get-a move hotly challenged by
top brass of the Air Force.
Senate action will come later.
Five Republicans sided with 156
Democrats in voting to restore part
of the Air Force's funds. Voting
against the amendment were 196
Republicans, 33 Democrats and
one independent.
THAT WAS the crucial test in
the battle over air power.
Final passage of the over-all
defense bill came on a roll call
vote of 386 to 0.
Earlier, the House approved cuts
of more than a billion dollars in
funds requested by Eisenhower to
run the Army and Navy for the
1954 fiscal year which began
July 1.
THE CHAMBER upheld the re-
ductions as it tentatively approved
an over-all budget of $34,,434,140,-
500 for the three branches of the
armed services - $12,982,000,000
for the Army, $9,383,383,000 for
the Navy, and $11,048,000,000 for
the Air Force. In addition, the
House approved $1,019,500,000 for;
the secretary of defense.
The total is six billion dollars
less than former President Tru-
man requested in his final bud-
get recommendations before he
left office last Jan. 20 and $1,-
300,000,000 less than Eisenhower
set forth as his "minimum" re-
quests for national defense
With Eisenhower's military pres-
tige at stake, the House in effect
threw its support behind the ad-
ministration's new "interim" goal
of a 120-wing Air Force. By the
same token, it rejected a conten-
tion by Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg,
retired Air Force chief of staff,
that rapid building of 143 wings
is essential to the nation's secur-
ity.
In rapid succession, the House
defeated a series of four amend-
ments by Rep. Mahen (D-Tex.
seeking to restore $1,175,000,000
which Gen. Vandenberg had de-
scribed as the minimum.
Highway Toll

May Hit 290
CHICAGO-(P)-The National
Safety Council estimated yester-
day that unless motorists are ex-
tra careful, 290 highway deaths
will occur during the two-day
Fourth of July holiday week end.
The council estimated 40 million
motorists will burn up 27,000 rail-
road tank cars of gasoline in driv-
ing a total of about four billion
miles.
Ned H. Dearborn, council pres-
ident, warned that speed is the
principal factor in serious acci-
dents. He urged motorists to
"slow down and live."
A total of 643 persons met vio-

after which he was employed as a
research engineer.
He has been at Princeton since
September of this year on a re-
search fellowship.t

P-olio Prevention

announced the appointment of
Howard H. Peckham as director of
the William L. Clements Library
of Americana effective Sept. 1,
1953.
Peckham assumes the post left
vacant by the death on Jan. 4,
1951 of Randolph G. Adams who
had been director since the library
opened in 1923.
Serving as head during the time
the post was unfilled was Colton
Storm, assistant director.
A 1931 graduate of the Univer-
sity, Peckham leaves his post as
director of the Indiana Historical,
Bureau to return to the Univer-
sity where he acted in various ca-
pacities from 1936 to 1941.
Chief editorial writer for the
Grand Rapids Press for several
years, Peckham, who comes from
Lowell, Mich., has co-authored and
written a number of historical
books. Included in these are "Pon-!
tiac, A Biography," and "William
Henry Harrison."
Thurston Takes

Secretary of the Army Earl D.
Johnson that the project would
have full access to the scientific
brains of the University's teaching
staff and that assistance from
other research organizations inI
schools and industry would be 1
sought out in an effort to take full
advantage of related work being
done in their laboratories.'
Darling's Wife
Named as Red
WASHINGTON - ) - Rep.'
Scherer (R-Ohio) said yesterday
he has uncovered new "document-
ary proof" that the wife of ex-
Ohio State University Prof. Byron
T. Darling was a Communist in
1944.
Scherer's subcommittee of the
House Un-American ActivitiesI
Committee held a hearing last1
month in Columbus into Darling's u
activities. -
ITOTHEr *crdof fth* t he-

r r' (! ML 1 7 G W *I 3 AL U"/tU tA/V
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-A bill authorizing the loan of an aircraft car-
rier to France for use in the Indochina War was approved yesterday
by the Senate Armed Services Committee.
PARIS-France gave the United States a go-ahead signal yester-
day to start laying a jet fuel pipeline across France.
The two countries reached agreement on the terms which will
allow the United States to build a pipeline across France from the
port of Donges near St. Nazaire to Metz-a distance of 400 miles.

KARACHI, Pakistan -Prime
Minister Mohammed Ali said
yesterday the grant of one mil-
lion tons of wheat from the
United States would tide Pakis-
tan over its critical mood short-
age period this year and pros-
pects are better for 1954 sup-
plies.
* * *

UPPER HEYFORD, England
-A U.S. Air Force Stratojet
atom bomber gliding in for a
routine landing suddenly nose-
dived and exploded on a rail-
road line yesterday, scattering
burning wreckage over a mile
of tracks, killing all four air-
men aboard.
* * *

DETROIT-President Stanley Feitz of the Michigan Trucking
Association yesterday requested members to limit trucks on the high-
ways this holiday weekend to those carrying perishables and neces-
sities.
* * * *

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