bee Page 2
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXIII, No. 35-S
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN. SATURDAY, AUGUST 8. 1953
_ _ _ ..
NEW YORK-()--The Daily
News says the chief of Eng-
land's royal stables has been
fired for furnishing Princess
Margaret with horses for secret
rides with Group Capt. Peter
Maj "Fergy" Ferguson, long-
time head of the royal mews,
said that he suspected the
Princess was meeting Town-
send secretly, but that he could
do nothing since Townsend out-
U.S., Korea Warn Reds
16 Nations Pledg
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. - (A
-Tht United Nations was notifie
yesterday that the United Mtate
and 15 other countries with troop
in Korea have signed a declaratio:
pledging quick Allied resistanc
against any new Red attack in Ko
The declaration said "The con
sequences of such a breach of th
armistice would be so grave tha
in all probability, it would not b
possible to confine hostilities with
in the frontiers of Korea."
THIS appeared to be a warnin
of possible air attacks on Commu
nist China or perhaps a nava
blockade in the event of new Re
A spokesman at the British
Foreign Office in London, react-
ing quickly to the announcement
here, said that Britain, a signer,
was not committed in advance
to "any precise course of action"
in:Korea. He said future circum-
stances would determine what
the British would do.
The declaration was turned ove:
to UN Secretary-General Da:
SrHammarskjold as part of a specia
report by the United States gov
ernment, acting as head of th
Unified ommand in Korea.
IT WAS signed in Washingto
July 27 but not published at th
The filing of the report coin-
eided with a visit of the UN com-
mander, Gen. Mark W. Clark, to
Clark told reporters in Wash-
ington Thursday that he favored
the use of all available weapons in
the event of a new Communist at-
tack-presumably including atom-
CLARK, however, made no men-
tion of possible extension of the
war outside Korea and there was
no hint of this at another news
confedence Clark held here yes-
Meanwhile in Seoul, Secretary
of State John Foster Dulles and
Korean President Syngman Rhee
initialed a mutual security pact
between the United Sttates and
Korea, and warned'the Commu-
nists the UN Command would
meet any new attack in violation
of the armistice.
4The nations that signed the. 16-
power UN declaration are the
United States, Britain, France,
Australia, Canada, Belgium, Co-
y lombia, The , Netherlands, New
Zealand,hThailand, Greece, Tur-
key, Ethiopia, The Philippines,
South Africaaand Luxembourg.
At the UN yesterday Clark ex-
pressed a hope that all UN gov-
ernments will maintain their pres-
ent military strength in Korea un-
til a firm peace is established.
Berlin U. Grant
For One Year
Because of the inevitable draft
call, Don Messersmith, '53, will be
unable to take advantage of his
scholarship to study at the Free
University of Berlin this coming
As a result, the political science
department has reopened applica-
tions for the grant. Open until
August16, the offer apples only
.. to those students majoring in a
social science and having an ade-
quate knowledge of the German
FURTHER qualifications are an!
unmarried status and being under
26. And to prevent reoccurance of
the Messerschmidt incident, stu-
dents must have "permission,"
Application should be made
immediately to the office of the
secretary of the political science
department where appointments
will be made for personal inter-
ranked him in
the scheme of
GIVE AND TAKE, RED VERSION-Concerned over American gifts, Communist officials of East
Berlin were giving away food last week at an "aid station" set up at the East-West border.
On Time Again
PARIS -(P) -The crippling
wave of strikes that hit France at
the peak of the lucrative tourist
season appeared to be waning yes-
Rail, bus and subway workers
agreed to return to their jobs.
The first trains chugged out of
Paris' big rail terminals yesterday,
ending the 24-hour walkout pro-
testing economies Premier Joseph
Laniel's government was rumored
contemplating at the expense of
workers on the public payroll. In
other cities the rail strike contin-
THE THREE BIG labor unions
involved in the strikes--Socialist
Workers Force, Christian Labor
Federation and Communist-led
Federation of Labor-voted to call
off the strike of bus and subway
workers. It has paralyzed trans-
port in all big cities since noon
Civil servants also agreed to
return to their desks.
Strikes in the big government-
owned gas and electric power in-
dustries were scheduled to con-
tinue until midnight today.
* * *
AN ESTIMATED two million
Frenchmen from a wide variety of
occupations ranging from street
sweepers to power and gas em-
ployes, left their jobs in the spon-
taneous protest against Laniel's
proposals. It was the worst strike1
France has seen in 17 years. l
"Tales of Hoffmann," jointr
speech department and School
of Music production will con- I
tinue its run at 8 p.m. today in 1
the Lydia Mendelssohn theater,
A final showing of the 'opera :
will be given on Monday.a
West Berlin Police Stop
Red Anti-U.S.-Food Riot
BERLIN - J) - Communists rioted in West Berlin last yesterday,
but police commandos and water cannon crushed attacks by 900
Red storm-troopers against American food relief for hungry East
Three bloody riots flared simultaneously at food give-away points
in the U.S. and French sectors. More than 400 police commandos,
reinforced with water cannon, charged the defiant Communist dem-
* * * *
THIRTY RIOTERS, five with broken heads. were hauled off to
jail and hundreds fled back to nearby Soviet territory.
The West Berlin police who
smashed back 6,000 rioting Com-
.T. 1 munists at the food distribution
N ationalcenters last Tuesday, were tip-
ped off in advance that the Reds
Roundup planned new trouble Friday.
The hottest battle was waged
on Prinzen Allee in the French sec-
By The Associated Press tor. Police blasted 500 violent Reds
WASHINGTON - The Justice there with water cannon thigh
Department anounced yesterday it pressure) nozzles mounted on re-
is investigating the circumstances volving turrets of trucks and then
surrounding a $65,000 payment closed in with flailing clubs.
made to Welburn Mayock, a laW-A
yer, for getting a favorable tax A HUNDRED Communist toughs
ruling for a New York business suddenly attacked six regular pa-
executive. trolmen guarding a Kreuzberg
food distribution center and tried
Mayock told House Investiga- to steal the registration files of
tors earlier this week he got the East German food applicants.
money from William S. Lasdon, Three buses with 120 police com-
chemical company executive of mandos and a water-cannon truck
Yonkers, N.Y., in 1948 and con- raced to this alarm.
tributed $30,000 of it to the Dem- The Reds, some with blood
ocratic campaign fund that year. streaming down their faces from
* * * clubbings, ran off toward the So-
WASHINGTON -(R) - The viet sector a few blocks away.
Democratic National Committee The Soviet zone news agency
says most of the measures on yesterday described the riots as
which action was completed in "protests by Berlin workers gainst
the session of Congress just end- provocative food action." It de-
ed "are merely continuations of clared Western jobless and pen-
Democratic programs." sioners joined the "workers" from
* * the Soviet 'sector in demanding
LOS ANGELES - ()-- Dick that the American food parcels be
Haymes' attorney last night said given to the Westerners and not to
the crooner followed Rita Hay- East Germans.
worth to Hawaii only after receiv-
ing an immigration agent's ap-A
proval. Auto Accident
The Argentine-born Haymes-
arrested Thursday for alleged il-Fatal to Flve
legal entry as an alien-acted in
good faith and "is a citizen.in his
aeart," his attorney said. . SCHOOLCRAFT - (/ - Five
Atty. Robert Eaton said that persons, two men and three wom-
Eaymes, prior to his trip to Hono- en were killed in a head-on colli-
ulu, "sought the advice and ap- sion three miles south of here on
proval of the immigration depart- U.S. 131 last night.
nent, and was told by one of its A one-year-old girl, seriously
agents that the trip was perfectly hurt, was the only occupant of ei-
al right, their car to escape with her life.
State police tentatively identi-.
fled the driver of one vehicle as
Samuel Anson, 39years old of Do-
* wagiac. His wife, Cleo, 36 years
old, was believed to have been one
of the two women killed in his car.
The child who escaped was riding
with the Ansons.
V P L at to it The other driver, police said
they believed, was Lawrence Ran-
som Walters, 51 years old of Penn-
00 a year. Federal judges get $15,- ville Ind. They believed the wom-
00 to $25,000 annually. an killed with him was h.Ws wife,
4. Trade-a bill extending the Leona, no age available.
reciprocal trade program to next There were no witnesses to the
June 12. collision, and there were .no skid
5. Military-a bill authorizing marks at the scene.
491,595,930 for construction of The scene is a half mile from
rmy, Navy and Air Force bases the Kalamazoo-St. Joseph county
nd other projects at home and line, about 17 miles south of Kal-
6. Relief-a bill authorizing the Anson was driving a 1951 Chev-
resident to send up to 100 mi]- rolet and Walters a 1940 panel
on dollars in U. S. surplus food
nd farm products to friendly nursery stock.
eoples threatened with famine or of one car and the left front end
ther emergencies. of the other were worst damaged
7. Offshore lands-a bill pro- parts led police to suspect that
viding for a system of federal both drivers might have swerved in
mineral leases in the submerged the same direction in an attempt to
lands on the continental shelf avoid the collision.
Of Aiding Allies
LONDON - (') - Moscow radio
yesterday announced death sen-
tences have been imposed on 10
top North Korean officials accused
of plotting armed rebellion and
plotting for the United States.
Two other North Korean offi-
cials were jailed.
THE SENTENCES were hand-
ed down by the Military Collegium
of the North Korean Supreme
Court following a purge trial in
the Red tradition with all 12 ac-
cused "confessing" guilt.
Former Justice Minister Lee
Sung Yop, accused as the ring-
leader in the purported plot,
headed the list of those sen-
tenced to die.
Also, doomed, the broadcast said,
were Cho Yun Nyong, former dep-
uty propaganda minister; Pak
Hong Wong, former foreign min-
ister and vice-Premier; Rhee Won
Cho, former deputy propaganda
chief of the Korean Communist
party, and six others.
ONE OF the jailed officials got
15 years, the other 12.
The Pyongyang radio, moni-
tored in Tokyo, announced last
night that the 12 had been pros-
ecuted for spying and plotting
to overthrow the Red regime.
The Pyongyang radio annourc-
ed earlier in the day that the 12
North Korean officials had been
prosecuted for spying and plot-
ting to overthrow the Communist
THE BROADCAST thus con-
firmed last month's South Korean
intelligence reports that a great
purge was in progress in the Com-
The North Korean broadcast,
heard in Tokyo, asserted the 12
led by Yop, were bribed to spy
"for the U. S. and puppet Rhee
government" of South Korea.
It said they were directed from
South Korea by an American mili-
tary officer identified only as
Panel To Rate
A four-man faculty panel will
appraise the current summer pro-
gram on "Popular Arts in Amer-
ica" at 4:15 p.m. Monday in the
William L. Clements Library.
Participating in the discussion
will be Prof. Alan Gowans of the
fine arts department of Rutgers
University, Prof. Morris Janowitz
of the sociology department, Prof.
Norman Nelson of the English de-
partment and Paul Ziff of the1
AN ROK EXPRESSES HIMSELF - A South Korean soldier holds
up a sign he printed with blood from his finger as he reached
Panmunjon, Korea, with the first groups of Communist prisoners
of war to be repatriated. The sign is written in Korean, but the
English interpretation reads: "Communists did not defeat '53
* * * *
More Captives Released
Reporting Red A trocities
PANMUNJOM-(A)-More Allied war captives came back yes-
terday from the miseries and hardships of Red Korean prison camps to
the warmth and bounty of their own people as the big post-armistice
exchange rolled through the fourth day.
They rode out of the Korean northland in rumbling Molotov.
trucks led in column by Russian-made jeeps.
* * * *
SOME OF them joked and bantered as they waited for the call to
clamber down from the vehicles of their captors and join their own side.
* * *
TOKYO - (P) - Peiping radio
hinted yesterday that not all the
12,753 Allied prisoners the Reds
said they held would be returned
to the United Nations.
The propaganda broadcast mon-
itored in Tokyo, quoted a "review
of the question of prisoner of war
repatriation" printed in the Peo-
ples Daily, official newspaper of
the Chinese Communist party.
* * *
SEVEN DAYS after the signing
of the Korean armistice, July 27,
the broadcast made a belated re-
view of Red prisoners of war fig-
ures given by the Allies two months
ago. It suggested that the United
Nations Command was holding out
2,000 Red prisoners.
In Washington, Gen. Mark W.
Clark, UN commander in the
Far East, said yesterday the
Reds may be holding back as
many as 3,000 Allied prisoners.
The Peiping broadcast said the
Reds had informed the UN Com-
mand July 22 that the total num-
ber of prisoners in the custody
"was more than 12,000."
"Where is the mess hall?" sev-
eral Americans shouted.
"Say, who's leading the National
League?" another yelled, and "Are
the Yankees still leading the Amer-
The lightness of their quips con-
trasted startingly with the depriva-
tions and cruel treatment described
by others released from Commu-
nist captivity during the past three
THE FIRST 100 captives releas-
ed yesterday included 25 Ameri-
cans. Most of these were from the
UN To Meet
To Base Troops
IS South Korea
SEOUL - () - Secretary of
State Dulles and President Syng-
man Rhee yesterday initialed a
mutual security pact and warned'
the Communists the United Na-
tions Command would meet any-
new attack on South Korea in vio-
lation of the armistice.
The mutual security pact, which
provides for basing U. S. troops
in South Korea, was signed at 8
A JOINT statement said the
United States and South Korea
would walk out of a postwar politi-
cal conference after 90 days if they
decide "the conference is being ex-
ploited" by the Reds.
The statement declared "we
will then consult further regard-
ing the attainment of a unified,
free and independent Korea."
It was the first time Rhee has
pubicly stated he would be con-
tent merely to talk in the event
the political conference failed. He
repeatedly has threatened that
South Korea will fight on alone, if
necessary, to attain unification of
this war-torn peninsula.
THE 78-YEAR-OLD South Kor-
ean President had demanded the
mutual security pact as a condi-
tion for going along with the Kor-
can armistice, which he bitterly
opposed. President Eisenhower i-
June promised Rhee such a treaty,
which must be approved by the
U. S. Senate.
The Rhee-Dulles statement
said the United States recognizes
the right of sovereignty of the
Republic of Korea to "deal with
its problems." But it added tht
South Korea has agreed "to take
no unilateral action to unite
Korea by military means for the
agreed duration of the political
At the same time, Dulles and
Rhee warned the Communists that
an "unprovoked armed attack"
against South Korea in violation
of the armistice would be met by
the UN Command, including South
Dulles, Secretary of the Army
Robert Stevens, Ambassador Hen-
ry Cabot Lodge, chief United
States delegate to the United Na-
tions; and high State Department
officials arrived here Tuesday.
Dulles and Rhee conferred four
When Senate ratification is
complete, the declaration said, "our
governments will promptly nego-
tiate- agreements to cover the sta-
tus of such forces as the United
States may elect to maintain in
Until then. the status of UN
forces in Korea will remain un-
changed, the statement said.
Birth of Nation
D. W. Griffith's epic of the post-
Civil War reconstruction era, "The
Birth of a Nation," has been select-
ed as the final film in the current
summer series depicting the his-
tory and development of the mo-
The film to be shown at 7:30
p.m. Monday in Rackham Lecture
Hall is considered by many to be
a summary of the technique and
style of Griffith, who is well-known
as one of the greatest directors of
The silent film has had great in-
fluence on the style of later Amer-
ican, French and Russian movies.
Open to the public without
charge, the movie series is a sup-
plementary offering of the sum-
mer symposium on "Popular Arts
Two Michigan men were among
yesterday's r e e as e d POW's.
They were: Pfc. Wilbert R. Gib-
son of Melissa Gibson, 3728
McDougall Ave., Detroit, and
Pvt. Kenneth L. Madison, son of
Isabella Madison, 6451 Lafay-
ette St., Detroit.
25th Division's 24th Regiment
which was in the Korean fighting
almost from the start. /
The second group included
Turks, South Koreans and
All except one of the first Amer-
icans released appeared to be in
good health. That one carried a
cane and limped.
The freed prisoners were rush-
ed on to Freedom Village for medi-
cal checks, fresh food, clean cloth-
ing and the start of the long jour-
149 TO GO:
Eisenhower signed a batch of 36
bills into law yesterday as he pre-
pared to depart today for a vaca-
tion in Colorado.
A stack of 149 bills approved by
Congress before -it adjourned for
the summer last Monday still re-
main to be signed. The President
is expected to take them along on
* * *
RECEIVES BLACK AND WHITE:
FCC To Okay Convertible Color TV
AMONG THE measures signed P:
yesterday were half a dozen im- li
portant ones, including big ap- a
propriations and legislation for p
extension of the reciprocal trade o
agreements law. He vetoed two
Major bills signed were: -
1. Voice of America and other I
a srntniac _fl K '.flU A ..t . . 1
WASHINGTON - (P) - The
Federal Communications Commis-
sion announced yesterday it pro-
poses to authorize a new compat-
ible color television system which
can be tuned in on existing re-
The new color plan is sponsored
by the National Television System
Committee, a technical group rep-
resenting virtually all segments
of the telecasting industry, which
has been studying the color prob-
lem for more than three years.
* * *
throw out the Columbia Broad-
casting System's color broadcast-
ing technique which FCC approved
on an exclusive basis in 1950.
THE CBS system cannot be re-
ceived on existing sets without
conversion. The new one would
show up on present sets in black
Both manufacturing and com-
peting broadcasting interests
opposed Columbia color because
it would require extra equipment
Columbia officials have stated
in recent weeks that they will
back any other "workable" color
plan. CBS got FCC approval yes-
terday to experiment with the
NTSC color on its national net-
work, starting Sept. 10.
Radio Corporation of America,
which sponsored a color system
turned down by FCC in 1950, was
the first to ask for approval of
the NTSC system in the current
RCA said that if the commission
<< ___v____._ __
Part of a student exchange be-
ween the University and the Free
Jniversity of Berlin, the grant is