THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 5, 1953
I - M!
with DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-The heartbreaking story
can now be told of how New Hamp-
shire's crusading Sen. Charles Tobey, on his
own deathbed, sent a cancer drug to his
dying friend, Robert Taft. Senator Taft's
doctors did not use it.
Yet the controversial drug, Krebiozen,
has been used with considerable success on
many cancer, patients in early stages, and
was used to relieve pain with "dramatic
Success" on two other senators - Arthur
Vandenberg of Michigan and Brien McMa-
hon of Connecticut.
The background story is that Tobey's
son had cancer and was cured, and Tobey
had battled with the New England branch
of the American Medical Association be-
cause he felt they were opposed to some
of the newer and more revolutionary treat-
ments for cancer. Following this, he start-
ed a secret Senate investigation of an
alleged conspiracy of the American Medi-
cal Association to restrict cancer cures.
Because the AMA spends more money in-
fluencing Congress in lobbying before that
body-$309,514.93 last year, more than any
other group besides the utility lobby-Tobey
was afraid his probe would be stopped. So
he kept it secret even from the Interstate
Commerce Committee of which he was
However, he obtained $40,000 from .the
Senate to investigate "certain matters in
interstate commerce" and hired an expert
investigator, Benedict Fitzgerald, to probe
the doctors' lobby. Fitzgerald has now draft-
ed a preliminary report which indicates that
certain members of the American Medical
Association conspired with certain drug
companies to suppress Krebiozen.
The AMA, of course, has the laudable
motivation of trying to keep harmful medi-
cines away from the public. However, many
doctors, including members of the AMA,
feel that it has gone a little too far in some
of its policies.
"HELPFUL RESULTS" CLAIMED
Krebiozen has been the subject of a con-
troversy in Chicago, where Dr. Andrew C.
Ivy, distinguished expert of the University
of Illinois, states that he saw it tried on
100 patients with helpful results, and that
100 other doctors have reported favorably to
him on its use.
Dr. Ivy has been conducting experiments
under the regulations of the U.S. Food and
However, such great pressure was brought
by members of the American Medical Asso-
ciationto stop his work and have him re-
moved as Vice-President of the University
of Illinois Medical School that he finally
took a leave of absence without pay. All
this created such a furor that the Illinois
legislature appointed a commission to study
the matter and testimony has been given
before the eqmmission that Dr. J. J. Moore,
treasurer of the American Medical Associa-
tion, brought pressure to keep Krebiozen
AT RACKHAM LECTURE HALL
STANLEY QUARTET, with Benning Dex-
IN THEIR third and final concert of the
summer, the Stanley Quartet again show-
ed that they are an integral part of our
musical life. Their roots, planted less than
five years ago, are now fully grown produc-
ing a cultural achievement as indigenous
as any of Michigan's more famous tradi-
tions, and probably of greater value.
The proof of this is the packed houses
that have greeted each of their three con-
certs this summer, and the enthusiastic re-
ception that has been given them. They no
longer have to look for an audience; the
audience needs them.
The program last night included
Haydn's Quartet in C major, Op. 74 No. 1,
Beethoven's Quartet in C-sharp minor,
Op. 131, and Darius Milhaud's Quintet No.
1 for piano and string quartet. Like all
of their programs it pointed up their sin-
cere, understanding musicianship, and
their eager, robust interpretations.
The Haydn was attacked with precision,
with each phrase and gesture clearly de-
fined. It showed how the Stanley carefully
outlines the structure of a work so that
when they are in form with each player
sensing the rapport of the whole, the com-
poser's ideas flow spontaneously. Where an
off the medical market and to have Dr. Ivy
removed from the university.
Irony is that Dr. Ivy is not only one of
the most respected members of the medical
profession but served on the American Can-
cer Society's committee to keep quack cancer
cures out of drugstores. However, he was so
impressed with Krebiozen that he ordered
his researchers at the University of Illinois
to conduct extensive tests.
It was found among other things that
Krebiozen transformed into liquid the
cancer at the base of Senator McMahon's
spine. His chest, however, was riddled
with cancer and too far advanced to re-
spond to treatments. With Senator Van-
denberg, the new drug relieved him of
much pain, though his case also was too
All this was why Senator Tobey, on his
own deathbed, sent Fitzgerald to Senator
Taft's New York Hospital with a supply of
Krebiozen and a letter from the late Senator
Vandenberg's doctor saying that the drug
had a "dramatic" effect on Vandenberg.
Fitzgerald reported back that Taft's doc-
tors refused to use it.
While Senator Taft was fighting for his
life in a New York hospital, a matter in-
volving a cure for cancer came up in Con-
gress which disturbed his senate colleagues.
Mrs. Oveta Culp Hobby, Secretary of
Health, Education and Welfare, sent a let-
ter to Director Joe Dodge of the Budget
Bureau indicating that her budget for can-
cer research alone be cut by some $5,000,000
and asking that her total budget of medical
research be cut by $10,000,000.
It seemed to senators that this was a
matter of balancing the budget at the
expense of human life.
The proposed Truman budget for medical
research was $70,000,000. But the efficient
Mrs. Hobby, earlier in the year, had dras-
tically cut this to $44,000,000. Disagreeing,
the Senate upped the figure to $59,000,000.
It was this increase by the Senate which
brought Mrs. Hobby's objection. Writing to
Budget Director Dodge on July 11, she called
attention to the fact that the Senate was
voting more money for her department than
the House of Representatives. Of this, she
said, "more than $10,000,000 is in the area
of medical research .. .
"The larger increases suggested," con-
tinued Secretary Hobby, "might tend to dis-
courage participation by private or other
non-federal funds. Therefore, the House
levels of appropriation in the medical re-
search field would seem to deserve consid-
Tragedy is that private fund-raising for
medical research has never been remotely
adequate. Walter Winchell, who has faith-
fully plugged for cancer research for years,
has only been able to raise $5,000,000 in that
time. In comparison, congress has voted
approximately $20,000,000 for cancer every
(Copyright, 1953, by the Bell Syndicate)
ensemble who each night had to play the
concert circuit might fall back on a general
interpretive approach, the Stanley plays
each work as a totally new experience in-
volving its own personal interpretation.
Sometimes this leads them into trouble,
like the last movement of the Haydn where
their logic brought them to an extremely
fast tempo almost beyond effective articula-
tion, but there is no question that when it
comes to the last quartets of Beethoven
such a method enables them to surpass other
Any late Beethoven quartet demands
the most careful analysis of its musical
content since their great length would
make errors in timing catastrophic. How-
ever the Stanley, not counting on the fa-
tigue thrust on them by the rigors of the
program's first two works, were not tech-
nically able to match their sensitivity.
Notes missed and wrong notes caused
The performance of the Milhaud quintet
was entirely successful. Benning Dexter ad-
mirably conquered a fantastically difficult
piano part; the ease with which he executed
rapid scale passages in the last movement
was amazing. The work, possessing lovely
French melodies and dynamic ensemble ut-
terances, is rewarding especially in the way
it exploits broad and rich sonorities.
MATTER OF FACT
BY JOSEPH ALSO'
WASHINGTON-In Sen. Taft, the ortho-
dox Republican party has lost its tower-
ing figure. You have to go a very long way
back in American history-perhaps as far
as the time of Clay and Webster-to find
the American political scene being domin-
ated and influenced in the Taft manner by
any political leader who did not have the
resources of the White House at his disposal.
What made Taft's achievement all the
more remarkable, was that his power
stemmed directly from his fine qualitis.
Those who disagreed with him, just as much
as those who agreed, had to acknowledge
his strong character, inexhaustible industry,
hatred of sham and pretense, and deep
His going has left a hole so big that a
great many Republicans, who rather
naturally tended to have a sort of father
complex about him, are frankly wonder-
ing whether their party can carry on
successfully without Taft.
The answer to that question must of
course be given by Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Now, more than ever, his party's future as
well as the nation's future is in the Presi-
dent's hands. And this makes the new
situation remarkably interesting, for it can
be stated on unquestioned authority that
one of the President's highest and most
often stated aims is, to remake the Repub-
lican party in a new image.
EISENHOWER'S way of putting it is to
say he wants to move his party over
towards the political center. 'It is to be the
conservative party still, for the President
is a very conservative man himself. But it
is to be more moderately conservative at
home, following the line that Sen. Taft him-
self laid out. It is to be more aware of
world .realities, and more ready to respond
to challenges abroad. And above all, the
loudest Republican noises are no longer to
be made by the Republican extremists.
In other words, Eisenhower's aim for
the national Republican party is to do
approximately what Gov. Thomas E.
Dewey has so brilliantly done in New
York State, where the Republicans have
recaptured their old place as the majority
party. But Eisenhower being Eisenhower,
his methods have no tincture of Dewey's
impatience and ruthlessness.
Even with his own cabinet, Eisenhower
has been patient. As the wiser among them
are frank to admit, the big businessmen in
the cabinet had hardly an inkling of the
size, the complexity, or even the general
shape of the basic national problems when
they came to Washington. The President
must have been tempted at times to rush
his colleagues a little-to tell them this
was the way it was going to be, and no more
argument about it. Instead, "he let us
learn," as the ablest of the businessmen,
Secretary of the Treasury George Humphrey,
is reported to have remarked admiringly.
Allowing time for the learning process
made for a slow start, to be sure. But if
Eisenhower was not to wield a big stick, a
slow start was inevitable anyway; for there
was also Congress to consider. Endless pa-
tience, friendliness and persuasion were
needed to make the smallest dent in what
may be called the Republican anti-Eisen-
hower bloc, so strong in the Senate and
* * * *
NOT SELDOM, Eisenhower has been dis-
heartened. There was a period, not very
long ago, when the President had a way of
bursting out to his friends among the Demo-
cratic leaders. He would tell them that the
whole party system was illogical; that all
the moderate men of good-will in the cen-
ter ought to get together in one great party;
that he wished this could be achieved. He
was chafing, then, against what seemed to
him the little progress he was making with
his own extremists.
In all this effort, Sen. Taft was the
President's loyal partner until he fell ill.
It is hair-raising to think what the plight
of this politically inexperienced Admin-
istration might have been, if Taft had not
been there to carry' them through the
first months. But in a curious way, Sen.
Taf'ts illness forced the President into the
role of active political leadership, by
breaking the White House habit of de-
pending upon Taft.
The struggle over the excess profits tax
was the first test. But there have been
many others since then. They have ranged
from the "McCarthy problem," as the White
House calls it, to the obscure but important
Status of Forces Treaty (establishing our
soldiers' rights in allied countries) for which
the President personally changed four votes.
With almost no exceptions, the President
has got what he was after when he exerted
personal leadership. The effect on the White
House has been an almost electric increase
of self confidence.
For the future, it is certain that Eisen-
hower cannot carry with him every last one
of the Republican extremists. But it is also
certain (although few have noticed it) that
several previously notorious extremists are
trimming their sails to the Eisenhower
breeze. Many Republicans, who really en-
joy being extremists, may be unhappy about
the party's tendency under Eisenhower. But
thev ara none tihe les likelv to h amply
~ , 1IY
Xettei' TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN*
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Vniversitj
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construe-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 5516
Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceeding publication (be-
fore 11 a.m. on Saturday).
Museum of Art, Alumni Memorial
Hall. Popular Art in America (June 30
General Library. First Floor Corridor.
Incunabula: Books Printed in the Fif-
Kelsey Museum of Archaeology. Gill-
man Collection of Antiques of Palestine.
Museums Building, rotunda exhibit.
Steps in the preparation of ethnolo-
Michigan Historical Collections. Mi-
chigan, year-round vacation land.
Clements Library. The good, the bad.
Law Library. Elizabeth II and her em-
Architecture Building. Michigan Chil-
dren's Art Exhibition.
University High School. Childrens'
Books from Fifty Countries.
Counter-Racialism . . .
To the Editor:
THE ACRIMONIOUS counter ra-
cialism of F. Chigbu-Ememe
has expressed itself several times
this summer in The Daily. The
Negro students at the University,
although quite aware of his jibes
and groundless accusations point-
ed at them, have kept golden the
virtue of silence. But that gentle-
man's latest vitriol demands that
someone risk the folly of wisdom.
F. Chigbu-Ememe obviously has
grown embittered because of ra-
cialism in America and stifling
colonial imperialism in Africa. But
the simple truths of the ages teach
that acerbity and truculence are
ineffectual weapons to combat
F. Chigbu-Ememe has fallen
captive to rancor. When one al-I
lows the struggles of life to en-
snare his ability for objective
analyses and dispassionate reac-
tions, he disqualifies himself as a
serious commentator upon human
F. Chigbu-Ememe has become
enshrouded in the fatal blackness
of prejudice, misinformation, and
lack of information. Thus impris-
oned, he is lost to an understand-
ing of what constitutes an Ameri-
can, what the aspirations of the
American Negro are, and what is
the measure of real equality among
We -do not attack F. Chigbu-
Ememe, though we reprove his
crooked thinking and decry his
letters for the harm which they
do. On the other hand, we can not
hold blameless the Editors of
The Michigan Daily, who show
lack of discretion and mature in-
sight by publishing his patently
vituperative and unsober com-
We would suggest that F. Chig-
bu-Ememe make an effort to quell
the storm within and straighten
the tossed and twisted fabric of
mind. By so doing, he will no long-
er need to project personal inferi-
ority feelings upon the body of
Negro students at the University.
Finally, we trust that F. Chigbu-
Ememe will learn ere long the
wisdom of the Negro in America:
to find only tragically amusing
those persons who need their pre-
judices and vaunted "superiori-
ties" as a crutch; and yet, un-
dismayed and ever faithful, always
to press unceasingly and serenely
for the correction of what is
wrong in this our native land.
The Negro is the conscience of
America and the hope for the ful-
fillment of a great ideal.
-M. Sylvester Ryan
Fifth Amendment ..
To the Editor:
McCARTHY, JENNER, Velde a
similarly minded people are
organizing a direct attack on Am-
erican democratic liberties, in par-
ticular on the Bill of Rights. There
is a danger that' well-meaning
people,dwhile opposing McCarthy
will nevertheless be deceived by
the tricks of that demogogue. Spe-
cifically the use of the phrase
"hiding behind the Fifth Amend-
ment" which seems to imply that
people using their Constitutional
right not to incriminate themsel-
ves or make themselves vulnerable
to oppose thought control trials
are ipso facto shady characters to
be summarily dismissed from res-
ponsible jobs and considered so-
cially undesirable. Nothing could.
be further from the truth. The
people who fight the unconstitu-
tional attacks of the Un-American
and similar Committees are fight-
ing in the tradition of the Bill of
Rights for the sanctity of free po-
litical ideas, free speech, free as-
sociation and the right not to be-
come an informer against one's
There are three choices open to
a person called before an investi-
1.. to become an informer and
open the way to the loss of jobs,
slander and political prosecution
of innocent people.
2. to oppose the Committee and
invoke the FifthhAmendment.
3. to oppose the Committee and
yet not invoke the Fifth Amend-
The first course of action is re-
pugnant to most decent minded
people and the third course, such'
as invoking only the First Amend
'nent has led to prosecution on the
grounds of contempt. Hence.the
great danger of the Bill which re-
cently passed the Senate which
would revoke the safe-guards.of
the Fifth Amendment by granting
an illusory immunity to the per-
son testifying before such a Com-
McCarthy claims the right to
dictate to the American people,.
what they can and cannot do and
think. McCarthyism tolerates no
differences of opinion.
We can set aside all political
:ifferences in order to obtain the
greatest possible strength in op-
posing the McCarthyites. Let us
make sure that the Bill of Rights
and not thought control is the law
of our land.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 5, 1953
VOL. LXIII, No. 29-S
School of BusinesssAdinistratio.
Students from other Schools and Col-
leges intending to apply for admis-
sion for the fall semester should secure
application forms in Room 150, School
of Business Administration Building
as soon as possible. Students in the
prebusiness program in the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts should
secure the forms from a prebsiness
adviser and return the completed forms
Southern Illinois University, Carbon-
dale, Ill., has a half-time position as
head resident in one of their Men's
Residence Halls available to a man pur-
suing a reduced graduate program.
Kenosha Youth Foundation, wiscon-
sin's largest youth and community cen-
ter, is looking for an assistant to their
Physical Director. They need a young
man who could teach swimming classes
and handle gymnasium work for both
youth and adults. college graduates
with a major in physical education or
all-around athletes who have had train-
ing in that field are eligible to apply.
For additional informationtabout
these and other openings, contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Admin-
istration Bldg., Ext. 371 or 489.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 5
Lecture. Institute for Mathematics
Teachers: "Putting Mathematics to
Work in the Paper Industry," Robert
Elias, Western Michigan College of Edu-
cation, 11:00 a.m.. Room 130, Business
Linguistic Luncheon Meeting. "What
Are the Limits of Componential Analy-
sis." Eric Hmp, Assistant Professor of
Linguistics, University of Chicago. 12:10
p.m., dining room, Michigan League.
Speech Assembly. Citation of gradu-
ates by staff; program of readings by
Claribel Baird, Associate Professor of
Speech. 3:00 p.m., Rackham Amphithe-
Popular Arts in America. "Motion Pic-
ture: the Art and the Audience." Ken-
neth MacGowan, Chairman of the De-
partment of Theater Arts, University of
California at Los Angeles. 4:15 p.m., Au-
ditorium A, Angell Hall.
Special Psychology Colloquium: Prof.
Gustav Bergmann, Visiting Professor
in Philosophy, from the State Univer-
sity of Iowa, will speak on "The Logic
of Psychology." 4:00 p.m, Angell Hal,
Lecture. Institute for Mathematics
Teachers: "Make Mine Mathematics,"
Walter Carnahan, Purdue University,
7.30 p.m., Amphitheater, Rackham Bldg.
Sociedad Hispanica-Dr. Jose Vilar-
Bonet, Professor of Medicine, University
of Barcelona, Spain, will give a talk in
Spanish on the subject, "Aspectos cul-
turales de la region catalana," at p.m.
East Conference Room, Rackham Bldg.
Open to the public.
Amiya Chakravarty on The Art and
Action of Gandhi: a critical view of
Gandhi and the role of India in world
politics. Visiting professor of English
and author of The Indian Testimony,
Mr. Chakravarty will speak front his in-
timate knowledge of both Gandhi and
India. He will concentrate on the ends
and means of Gandhi, and on the tech-
nique which has been called Conquest
by Love. Sponsored by SRA and com-
mittee for a Student Fellowship of
Reconciliation. Lane Hall, Thursday,
August 6 at 8:30.
Doctoral Examination for Eric Bell
Hotelling, Pharmaceutical Chemistry;
thesis: "Polycyclic Quaternary Ammon-
ium Salts," 2525 today. Chemistry Bldg.,
at 2:00 p.m. Chairman, F. F. Blicke.
Orientation Seminar in Mathematics.
The Lydia Mendelssohn Box Office is
open today from 10 a.m. until 5 p.m.
A few tickets are available for the
Monday night, August 10th, perform-
ance of the opera, The Tales of Hoff-
mann, presented by the Department of
Speech and School of Music.
This week in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre Thursday, Friday and Satur-
day, August 6, 7 and 8, the Department
of Speech and the School of Music will
present Jacques Offenbach's fantastic
opera, The Tales of Hoffman. Music di-
rection is by Josef Blatt with the stage
direction by Valentine Windt and the
choreography by Betty Pease. All per-
formances begin promptly at 8 p.m.
Late comers will not be seated until
after the prologue.
International, Center, Weekly Tea, to
be held at Madelon Pound House, 1024
Hill Street, from 4:30 to 5:30 Thursday
Classical Studies Coffee Hour, Thurs-
day, August 6, at 4 p.m. in the West
Conference Room of the Rackham
Building. Professor Bruno Meinecke will
play some of his compositions for the
piano on Roman themes. Students of
the department and all others who are
interested in the Classics are cordially
Michigan Christian Fellowship Bible
Study: The Nature and Person of Je-
sus Christ, Thursday evening, at 7:30
at Lane Hall.
AlIR. PRESIDENT, unless Ameri-
ca can follow its historic
course of 'I believe' instead of 'I
doubt' the totalitarians of the
world will have weakened us here
at home beyond their fondest
dreams of success. If we adopt the
'I doubt' creed, they will be justi-
fied a thousand times over in their
efforts and expenses to subvert
our nation and our government.
-Sen. Mike Monroney
Ynitepretin9 the Ileis4
By J. YI. ROBERTS, JR.
Associated Press News Analyst
W HEN THE United Statesdlaun-
ched "Operation Food" for
East Germany the' Communists
promptly howled sabotage, and
said that if relief of suffering was
the real objective the Allies should
reopen normal trade channels anmd
let the Russian zone buy what it
West Germany and the United
States have replied with an offer
to sell seven million dollars worth
of food to be paid for in West
German marks, of which the East
zoners have plenty, and by -the use
of $1,400,000 of East German de-
posits now frozen in American
U.S. High Commissioner Co-
nant in Germany says the offer
is made in genuine concern for
the people of East Germany. It
also serves as another unbalan-
cing punch in exploitation of
Communist political weakness as
revealed by East German dem-
Little Man on Campus
onstrations in the past six
It suggests, too, that the United
States may have now laid handy
upon a weapon of telling import-
ance in the cold war.
Food shortages are chronic be-
hind the Iron Curtain. So are
clothing shortages, and even where
there is a fair supply, prices are
often prohibitive for the poorer
The United States has a vast
surplus of food and cotton. It
has vast productive capacity for
all the, things which little peo-
ple need to live.
This is the field in which the
Communist sphere, with its great
emphasis on development of heavy
industry which can be used for
war, is weakest.
It would, then, seem to be a
great field in which the West has
an opportunity to offset empty
Communist promises of a better
life with a concrete display of one
way in which the free world vast-
WHEN FRANCE announced her readiness
to modify the pacts with the Associated
States in Indo-China in the direction of
broadening the base of independence she
touched off, necessarily, a group of reactions.
In Cambodia there was a demand for an
early declaration of a complete transfer of
sovereignty. In Vietnam and Laos there
discussions of how a new and more inde-
pendent government is to be organized.
Vietnam has already had popular elec-
tions at the village and municipal level,
but the institutions at the national level
have not yet been popularized.
This process of setting up a state can be
complex and difficult. Even in the Philip-
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Harland Britz....... .Managing Editor
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Becky Conrad ............ Night Editor
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Fran Sheldon.....,. ..Night Editor
Bob Miller.......... Business Manager
Dick Alstrom......Circulation Manager
Dick Nyberg..........Finance Manager
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