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July 30, 1953 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1953-07-30

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RECOGNIZE RED CHINA

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Latest Deadline in the State

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See Page

FAIR

VOL. LXIII, No. 28-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 30, 1953

FOUR PAGES

Speakers Barred

-AP Wire Photo
NOTRE DAME STUDENTS BAR CHAPEL DOOR - Six followers of an excommunicated former
Catholic priest (dark suits, back to the camera) a re barred from Sacred Heart Church on the campus
of Notre Dame by a group of students. They were escorted from the campus after announcing they
intended to convert students to their beliefs. They said they were followers of Leonard Feeney,
former Jesuit priest, who preached, in opposition to orders from the Pope, that salvation is im-
possible outside the Catholic Church.

Solons Pass
Money Bill
For Defense
Four Measures
Yet on Agenda
WASHINGTON-(P)-Speeding
toward a weekend adjournment,
Congress stamped its approval yes-
terday on the year's biggest money
bill, which provides more than 34
billion dollars to run the Defense
Department in the fiscal year end-
ing next June 30.
It was the ninth money bill to
go to the White House, leaving
only four appropriations measures
to be ironed out before Congress
can quit for the year.
THE HOUSE has approved all
13 money bills, the Senate 10. One
is before a Senate-House confer-
ence group seeking to straighten
out the difference between meas-
urgs passed by both chambers.
There are other things to be
cleared up, however, before Con-
gress can adjourn, including a
number of bills given a "must"
label by President Eisenhower..
Chief among these are a series
of compromises which must be
worked out on differing versions
of the same bill.
* *~ *
THESE INCLUDE: 1. A bill to
permit more than 200,000 refugees
to enter the United States over
and beyond the regular immigra-
tion quotas established in present
law. President Eisenhower wantedj
the figure to be 240.000. The House
approved 217,000, the Senate 209,-
000.
2. A measure to extend the re-
ciprocal trade authority for a
year. The President asked for an
"as is" extension, which the Sen-
ate approved. The House, how-
ever, voted to increase the Tariff
Commission from six to seven
members, giving the Republicans
a numerical majority.
3. A bill declaring that the fed-
eral government has title to sub-
merged lands extending beyond
the boundaries of the states-3
miles from all except Texas and
the west coast of Florida, ,where
the distance is 101/2 miles.
The defense budget, which stir-
red up a storm of protest when it
was first proposed, was passed
quietly by both houses with no
further attacks on the administra-
tion move chopping five billion
dollars from Air Force funds rec-
ommended by former President
Harry S. Truman.
As it finally cleared Congress,
the defense bill called for $34,371,-
541,000 in new money for the pres-
ent fiscal year.

Taft Rallies
NEW YORK-()-Sen. Rob-
ert A. Taft, rallying after Tues-
day's turn for the worse, had a
betterday yesterday, New "ork
Hospital reported early last
night.
The bulletin read:
"Senator Taft had a better
day today than yesterday. There
has been no change in his con-
dion since this morning."~
The Ohio Republican was
operated on July 8 after he
suffered a hip lesion. The exact
nature of his illness has not
been made public.
Taft's wife, Martha, confined
to a wheelchair as the result
of a stroke, was flown to New
York Tuesday.
Two of their four sons also
visited Taft and a third son,
William Howard Taft III, is
preparing to fly back from Ire-
land where he is American
ambassador.
Senators OK
Bill for Entry
Of Refugees
WASHINGTON--W)-TheSen-
ate gave President Eisenhower a
major victory yesterday by' ap-
proving a bill to admit 209,000
"special quota" refugees includ-
ing 4,000 orphans to the United
States in the next three years.
The vote on the hotly contro-
versial issue was 63-30.
ADMINISTRATION forces de-I
scribed the legislation as a vital
cog in Eisenhower's foreign policy
by helping to provide asylum for
refugees who have fled from Com-
munist tyranny.
Critics in both Houses of Con-
gress denounced it in embittered
terms as opening the gates to a
flood of Red agents, subversives,
criminals and potential sabo-
teurs.
All of the "special quota" im-
migrants must be sponsored by
American citizens and screened by
U. S. investigative agencies before
they can be admitted to this coun-
try.
* * * ,
SOME SENATORS said the stiff
restrictions written into the bill
made it dubious whether the full
209,000 could qualify for admis-
sion.
The bill now goes to a Senate-
House conference committee to
adjust differences with a separ-
ately passed House version.
Unlike the Senate bill, the House
version does not require all ad-
mitted to be refugees-an issue
likely to provoke further dispute.

As

Truce

TalkssGOn

c4

Ike WinsVote
On Foreign
Aid in Senate
WASHINGTON-MP)-The Sen-
ite early today passed a $6,745,-
318,202 foreign aid bill after Eis-
enhower leaders turned back re-
peated attempts to slice the total.
The niove gave President Eisen-
hower a major win in the foreign
aid fight as it refused to slash
548 million dollars out of the pro-
gram designed to bolster foreign
* nations against communism.
The $6,745,318,202 was still some
half billion dollars less than Eis-
enhower originally requested but
about half a billion more than the
House voted.
* . *
A LONG DEBATE produced a
discussion of the wisdom of re-
ported plans to build new Ameri-
can jet fighters in Italy.
*Several senators said plants
there might be used by Soviet
Russia ifthe Red armies over-
ran Italy. They also noted the
nearness of Italy to possible
Soviet bombing attack.
Chairman Bridges (R-N.H.) of
the Senate Appropriations Com-
mittee led off the after-dark de-
bate with a plea against any ma-
jor changes.
, Sen. Gore (D-Tenn.) made a
futile attempt to get a detailed
country-by-country breakdown of
the various funds in the program
which provides more than 4% bil-
lions of new cash plus authority
to use more than 2 billions of
former appropriations not obli-
gated.
Sen. Symington (D-Mo.), form-
er secretary of the Air Force, told
the Senate he had learned of
plans for Italian production of
U. S. jets.
"They plan to produce in Italy
the latest model jet we have-the
Sabre," Symington said.
"This is only a few minutes
away by jet from the Soviet,"
Symington said.
Italians Face
Chaotic Period
In Government
ROME-(A)-Italy headed last
night toward possible political
chaos in the wake of the downfall
of Alcide de Gasperi's eighth gov-
ernment.
Responsible politicians seemed
in doubt as to what the future may
bring. Some were openly pessimis-
tic.
DE GASPFRI'S center govern-
ment fell Tuesday before the com-
bined opposition of Communists,
Socialists, Monarchists and Fas-

Red Charges of Eight
UN Violations Denied

East Berliners Throng
Western Zone for Food

-Daily-chuck Ritz
SOLOIST ARLENE SOLLENBERGER REHEARSES
WITH 'U' SYMPHONY
S,* * * ,'
U' Summer Orchestra
To Give ConcertToday

BERLIN-(P)-All German re-
lief records were shattered as
200,000 Eastern needy defied Com-
munist police terror and lined up
at 50 distribution points for free
Western foods in West Berlin yes-
terday.
Each day the total rises. In all,
450,000 food packages have been
distributed to poverty-stricken
East Germans this week.
ARRESTS, confiscations, radio
threats and scare leaflets were
brushed aside in the trek across
the Soviet sector border.
The 15 million dollars worth
of foodstuffs donated by the
United States for East German
relief-and scornfully rejected
by Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov-will be giv-
en out here to 12 million needy
in 60 days if the present rate
can be sustained, relief officials
said.
All over the Soviet zone, the
food rush snowballed. Every East
German returning to a home town
in the provinces with arms loaded:
with Western fats, flour and other
rare treasures was a signal for
more to set out for Berlin.
RED POLICE arrested scores of
food-laden East Germans in the
Soviet sector of the city. At leastf
some were freed later. The police
took away the identity cards off
many more. The threat of trialc
as a Western spy shadowed each
of the hungry.t

ject can be completed, it will
have provided something for two
out of every three persons in the
Soviet zone's 18 million popula-
tion.
With thousands of tons of Amer-
ican food already across the Atlan-
tic, the Bonn government estab-
lished a food "air bridge" to Ber-
lin today. A regular Pan American
airliner brought in 4,400 pounds
from Hamburg. More air cargoes
will follow.
* * *
TESTING OUT the Soviet zone
autobahn for overland shipments,
the Bonn Food Ministry dispatched
20 tons of American flour in a
big Diesel truck and trailer. It was
delayed a total of 6/4 hours by
two Communist customs inspec-
tions, but got through without con-
fiscation.

There were indications that
American food would soon be ar-
riving he i huge tonnages byBookmen Face Alternatives;
It will be distributed directly top
East Germans after repackaging in *
unbranded containers. Po uarT ste or Benefit

A variety of orchestral combina-
tions will characterize the sum-
mer's only orchestral concert, at
8:30 p.m. today in Hill Auditor-
ium, when Prof. Josef Blatt leads
the University Summer Session
Orchestra in a program of four
works using four different instru-
mentations.
The concert will begin with
Bach's Suite No. 1 in C major,
which is written for string orches-
tra. Also to be played is Richard
Strauss' Serenade in E-flat, Op.
7, featuring only wind instruments,
and Schubert's Symphony No. 5
in F-flat, which uses the standard
classical orchestration.
Mahler's "Songs of a Wayfarer"
will be the featured work of the
evening. Arlene Sollenberger, con-
tralto, will be soloist in a new Eng-
lish translation of the work by
Prof. Blatt. Miss Sollenberger is an
Instructor in the School of Music,
and was heard here last summer in
the Opera Workshop's production
of Nicolai's"Merry Wives of Wind-
sor." '
Funds Slashed
WASHINGTON---PW)-By an
overwhelming vote, the House
yesterday stripped Rep. Hoff-
man (R-Mich.) of control of
funds provided for inyestiga-
tions by units of his House
Government Operations Com-
mittee.
The floor fight was the latest
chapter in a long-simmering
feud between Hoffman and
members of his committee.
Earlier this year he directed
the subcommittee chairmen to
cut down the size of their in-
vestigating staffs.

This is Prof. Blatt's initial ap-
pearance on the Hill Auditorium
podium since his recent appoint-
ment as conductor of the Univer-
sity Symphony.
He is also Director of the Uni-
versity's Opera Workshop pro-
gram. In the past he has been an
Assistant Conductor of the Metro-
politan Opera Company and has
been a guest conductor of the New
York Philharmonic.
Admission to the concert is open
to the public without charge.
R.OTC Juniors
Given Warniug
By Air Force
WASHINGTON - P) - The
Air Force issued an ultimatum
yesterday to 13,000 college juniors
in its Reserve Officers Training
Corps to take flight training or
drop out.
John A. Hannah, assistant sec-
retary of defense for manpower,
explained that the Air Force would'
be unable to absorb next year's
crop of young officers uness they
were prepared to fly.
* * *
ONLY ABOUT 1,000 third-year
college men in special categories-
engineers was the only example
cited-will be commissioned next
year without flight training, Han-
nah said.
The Air Force is working un-
der a 130,000-man ceiling on of-
ficers this year and has only a
limited need for ground officers.
Nevertheless it plans to take in
all of the 9,000 ROTC graduates
who were commissioned last
month-.

Delay Return
of Prisoners
Prison Camps
To Be"Inspected
MUNSAN - (') - United Na-
tions members of the Military
Armistice Commission told the
Communists yesterday to back up
charges of eight Allied violations
of the 3-day.old Korean truce.
The commission called its third
meeting early today in the weath-
ered truce conference hut at Pan-
munjom.
THE REDS seized the initiative
yesterday by lodging the first
compluint of a truce. violation.
The UN Command was charged
with three unauthorized flights
over the demilitarized buffer zone,
and firing 11 artillery rounds and
a burst of machinegun bullets.
The Reds claimed threevola
tions Monday night and five on
Tuesday.,
Maj. Gen. Blackshear M. Bry-
an, senior Allied commissioner,
promptly called for additional in-
formation. He dismissed the com-
plaint as "nothing serious."
* * *
BRYAN disclosed that the Al-
lies sought to speed up the ex-
change of more than 86,000 prison-
ers of war, including 3,313 Amer-
icans, by three days.
The Reds turned down the
UN request which would have
started the prisoners homeward
through Freedom Village on
Sunday, insteadoef next Wednes-
day.
Gen. Lee Sang Cho, Red Ko-
rean truce commissioner, said the
Communists could not be ready
that soon.
HOWEVER, Allied and Com-
munist Red Cross leaders are
meeting in Panmunjom today to
coordinate plans for inspection of
prisoner camps in both North and
South Korea. The inspections be-
gin as soon as the plans are com-
pleted. Allied Red Cross organi-
zations were refused permission to
see Red prisoner stockades
throughout the war.
Early today armies are to com-
plete the pullback from the battle-
line. They will leave a buffer zone
2 miles wide winding 150 miles
through abandoned hills and val-
leys once drenched in blood.
Willow Run's
Future Depends
On Union Talks
TOLEDO - R) - Edgar F. Kai-
ser, president of Kaiser Motors
Corp., told newsmen yesterday that
the future of Willow Run depends
largely upon the working out of
satisfactory union contracts.
He said the present contracts did
not at all fit the volume of oper-
ations at the big former bomber
plant and that it will not be re-
opened for large-scale operations
until contract dajustments have
been made with the CIO United
Auto Workers.
KAISER added, "negotiations
currently are under way with the
union and they have been pro-
gressing favorably."

ful the reopening could be made
within 30 days.
The big problem in these con-
tract differences, Kaiser said, was
mainly one of job classifications.
He said Willow Run is ideally
laid out for manufacturing oper-
ations and "we hope they can be
resumed there."
The recently combined Kai-
ser Motors and Willys Motors are
going after a greater part of the

i

Play To Continue
The speech depar tent's pres-
entation of George Bernard Shaw's
"Pygmalion" will continue its run
at 8 p.m. today in the Lydia Men-
delssohn theater.
Tickets for all performances
through Saturday are on sale at

But the food rush grew beyond the Mendelssohn boxoffice
all expectations. If the vast pro- $1.20, 90 cents and 60 cents.

for

3-omC Books

An average book publisher faces
two alternatives in business; eith-
er to issue books to satisfy public
taste (as shown by sales figures),
or to be of maximum benefit to
the public, Freeman Lewis ex-
plained yesterday.
Speaking at the ninth lecture
on "Popular Arts in America,"
Lewis, executive vice-president of
Pocket Books, Inc., pointed out
"publishers all believe in the sec-
ond method, but qualify it with
'whenever possible.,'"
* * *
HE SAID no matter which
school of thought they belong to,
chances are their decisions are
wrong in the unpredictable pub-
lishing business.
"Public taste can no more be
measured by sales figures of
best-sellers than baseball by
home runs," the publishing ex-
ecutive said.
Lewis cited the increase in pro-
portion of non-fiction over fiction
in the paper-bound book industry
as the business grows older.
'SIN-TIME," he predicted, "non-
fiction will be the biggest seller."
Currently, fiction holds down
82 per cent of the list of best-
sellers.
There is an enormously-wide
variation in the literary merit of
best-sellers he explained.
i; *
"IN FICTION,, what the public
seems to like best is sex, prefer-

tration on violence or poverty, he
said.
AS REASON for this variation,
the publisher pointed out "Books
are not corseted by regulations
and as a result, other media can't
show realism without limiting the
scope and honesty."
Paper-bound book audiences are
not easily influenced by keeping
up with the Jones, he explained.
They take all in their stride, ex-
cept artiness, he noted, "but the
common denominator is a good
story teller."

DISTRIBUTOR SHOWS LIST:
Police Deny Book Ban Order Issued

By BECKY CONRAD and
GAYLE GREENE
Conflicting statements, accusa-
tions and denials on the banning
of "obscene" literature came to
light again recently.
A local pocket book distributor
produced a list of books with the
heading "the following list of
books have been banned by the
Ann Arbor Police Department. Re-
move these books from your stand
immediately."
The distributor said he was
given the list by the Ann Arbor
police.
LIEUTENANT George Stauch,
conntactedin t+e istornivP hiira

Asked if he has read all 47 of the
books on the list produced by the
distributor, the lieutenant said
"some of the books included on
his list had been taken from the
Detroit list, but not all."
(A comparison of both lists re-
vealed that every book on the Ann
Arbor notice is represented on the
Detroit list.)
LIEUTENANT Stauch refused to
issue a copy of his list saying he
thought publication of the list
would bring a demand for the cen-
sored books.
Each dealer is warned person-
ally. the lieutenant said There

their authority in issuing the no-
tice to distributors," he declared.
"The list serves to indicate to
distributors that certain litera-
ture they carry might not be
free" from liability of prosecu-
tion, Devine noted.
The County prosecutor cited no
recent cases concerning the sell-
ing of "obscene" books by distri-
butors, but said there had been
some involving private individuals.

I

.j

DEVINE explained that the De-
troit bureau issues lists of banned
books every 48 hours and that the
Ann Arbor notice is "out-of-date
and incomnlote "

*, '°"-'

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