THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, JULY 29, 1953
Separation of Powers?
T HE GROUND on which Eisenhower stood
in his encounter with Senator McCar-
thy over the Central Intelligence Agency,
leaves little room for cheering According
to the administration, CIA possesses a spec-
ial immunity based on its secret nature
which sets it apart from the rest of the
executive branch of government. This was
stated when William Bundy of CIA was told
not to testify before McCarthy's committee
on the question of his worth as a security
But despite the statement by the original
Hoover Commission that "intelligence is the
first line of defense in the atomic age," sec-
recy should not have been the criterion for
the immunity of the CIA official. Bundy is
accountable to the chief of the CIA, not to
McCarthy or to Congress. The head- of CIA,
is accountable to the President for the per-
formance of his department.
The immunity given to CIA belongs to
every department in the executive branch.
Certainly preserving CIA's secret informa-
tion is important, but CIA is not the only
agency with secret information. As a mat-
ter of fact, many secrets possessed by
CIA are obtained through and transmit-
ted tolother departments of government.
In his State of the Union speech, Eisen-
hower said, "I know that the primary re-
sponsibility for keeping out the disloyal and
the dangerous rests squarely upon the execu-
tive branch. When this branch so conducts
itself as to require policing by another
branch of the government, it invites its own
disorder and confusion."
By the President's own words, if his de-
partment heads are able and willing to dis-
charge his primary responsibility for keep-
ing out the disloyal and dangerous, no po-
licing is desirable. If they cannot discharge
this important duty, they should be replaced.
"Disorder and confusion," which inevi-
tably follows the McCarthy type investi-
gation concerning government depart-
ments, cannot be tolerated. McCarthy
cannot be allowed to continue taking over
duties which are the primary responsibility
of the executive.
The Courts have not recently had the
privilege of defining the limits of Congres-
sional investigative powers. Would Congress
cite a member of the executive for contempt
of Congress due to obeying a Presidential
order not to testify. If so, let there be a test
case. Let the courts decide what the legal
limits are to McCarthy tactics.
The President is a great believer in the
division of powers. He should strive as hard
for the independence of the executive as he
does for that of the legislative branch.
The Movie Tax Repeal
THE ODDS against a man ever reaching
his goal are not very great if he takes
one step forward and allows himself to be
pushed back two.
Yet this is the situation in which Pres-
ident Eisenhower may find himself because
of the recently passed repeal of the 20 per-
cent tax on motion picture admissions.
There are two strong arguments against
the repeal of this tax, first that it will cost
the government $100,000,000 a year and sec-
ond that .according to news reports very
little of this will -e passed on to the public
by theater owners.
Representative Reed's argument that it
is a step toward correcting tax inequities
does not seem to stand up under the facts.
The motion picture industry has been
working hard for repeal of the tax. In March
they presented the house Ways and Means
Committee with a movie compiled by theater
owners, describing their plight.
Repeal of the excise tax on cigarettes and
legitimate theaters has not been considered,
but these interests have not maintained
strong lobbies in Washington.
The general public has not gotten the
expected ten percent reduction in income
+ M U
AT RACKHAM LECTURE HALL
Music For Two Pianos-with Ava Comm'*
Case and Mary Fishburne,hduo-pianists
AMERICA THESE DAYS has a fondness
for pianos in combination. Duo-pianists
are appearing frequently with symphony or-
chestras and as concert soloists. Composers
are becoming cognizant of two pianos both
as an expressive medium and a performance
The program last night by Ava Comin
Case and Mary Fishburne did not show
any of the daring two piano writing that
is being done today, and thus could not be
called representative of its literature. But
it did show music that was well written
for two pianos, and representative of the
The Second Suite of Rachmaninoff is typ-
ical of this pianist-composer. It has the same
melodies and nineteenth century heroism
that characterize his piano concertos.
Mrs. Case and Miss Fishburne gave it a
performance that left nothing undone. It
had flourish, technical virtuosity, mu-
sicianship particularly in dynamic con-
trasts, and excellent rapport between the
Rapport is all important in two piano
playing. Any deviation in timing which
might go unnoticed in performances of pi-
ano with another instrument, are quite ob-
trusive in two piano performances. Mozart's
Sonata in D major, K. 448, a wonderful work
taxes, but the people will not have pres-
sure tactics at their disposal until a year
Perhaps congressman are hoping that the-
voters will forget this sudden show of kind-
ness to movie theater owners at a time when
it is generally accepted that the govern-
ment cannot afford to reduce income taxes.
Yet Eisenhower, who took a firm stand
against the discontinuation of the excess
profits tax, (which estimaters say will net
the government only $800,000) has not at-
tempted to put any real obstacles in the
,way of congressional repeal of the excess
profits movie tax.
Although he has come out against it verb-
ally thO President doesn't like to use his veto
power, hasn't used it since his inauguration
and there is some doubt as to whether he
will use it now.
If he does not veto the bill now on his
desk, and rally congressional support to pre-
vent overridden of the veto, the government
will lose 10 times the revenue it will gain
.from the excess profits tax and the voters
anger will be justifiable.
which could have been an opera, was hin-
dered in this way.
It contains very tricky passage work which
last night did not come off. This also im-
peded the performers from giving a good
solid forte when needed.
The first half of the program which in-
cluded Schumann's Andante and Variations
along with Mozart, didn't compare to the
second half as far as technique and ensem-
ble rapport go, but there were indications in
the Schumann of what was to come in the
In the Schumann the performers' dis-
tinctions between moods were in character,
and the overall flow was maintained with-
out unneessary hesitations. So often Schu-
mann is played as sections rather than a
unit, and this was not the case last
Robert Casadesus' Danses mediterraneen-
nes and Benjamin Britten's Introduction
and Ronda alla Burlesca comprised the aft-
er intermission fare with the Rachmaninoff,
The Danses were light and entertaining;
their performance energetic.
The Britten interpretation ranks with the
Rachmaninoff. Delicate dynamic shadings
ranging from a light percussive tone to a
heavy one were administered with under-
standing musicianship by each performer so
that all the varied piano sound, which was
Britten's wish to exploit, was projected com-
prehensively to the audience.
MATTER OF FACT
By JOSEPH ALSOP
WASHINGTON - Fairly hard evidence is
now available that the Soviet Air Force
has started series production of a six-engine
turbo-prop bomber with a round-trip range
of approximately 5,000 miles.
In addition, it is known that the import-
ant group of aviation factories in the neigh-
borhood of Moscow, which formerly produced
the MIG-15, have now been converted to pro-
duction of a new Soviet fighter. The evidence
strongly suggests that this new airplane
which is now In mass production, is a night
and all-weather fighter for the use of the
Soviet Air Defense Command.
If what is important was always news,
both the foregoing dry little paragraphs
would rate eight column headlines in Amer-
ican newspapers. They have, at any rate, a
rather intimate meaning for every citizen
of the United States.
As to paragraph one above, a debate has
oeen going on ever since 1951, when the
prototype of the new Soviet strategic
bomber was observed at the Moscow air
show. The question was whether Type 31,
as -this single plane was named, presaged
or did not presage a Soviet effort to turn
out an aircraft comparable to our B-36.
Most intelligence experts forecast that
such a plane would be in quantity pro-
duction this year, after the usual interval
for testing and improving the prototype.
But the Pentagon, with its customary reck-
less optimism about Soviet deficiencies,
maintained that this forecast was quite
It is now almost certain that the forecast
has come true. The new Soviet strategic
bomber is not only known to exist. There is
every reason to believe, in addition, that it
is being produced in quantity.
THE MEANING of these particular facts
is bleakly simple. The new bomber has ap-
proximately the range and weight-carrying
characteristics of the American B-36, which
is the backbone of our own Strategic Air
Arm. Hence it overcomes the main weakness
that the Soviet strategic air has suffered
from to date.
As more and more units are equipped
with the new bomber, the Soviets will cease
to be dependent on the TU-4, which can
only reach American targets on one-way,
sacrifice missions. Every American target
will be within round trip range of the So-
viet advanced bases in Kamschatka and on
the Arctic fringe. In addition, the new
bomber is a more modern aircraft than the
B-36, with better speed, altitude and other
qualities. Since the TU-4 can be equated
with out B-50, and since B-36s and B-50s
make up the bulk of our Strategic Air Arm,
it can be seen that the Soviets are begin-
ning to be serious competitors in this vital
form of air power.
As to the second of the foregoing items,
its significance can be equally unpleasant. To
all intents and purposes, the United States
has no air defense, to guard against the
growing power of Soviet Strategic Air. As
has just been revealed in this space, our air
defenders are not expected to destroy more
than one-tenth of 1 per cent of the attack-
ers, in the event of an air-atomic attack
launched by night.
* * * *
BY WAY of contrast, the Soviet air defense
system is massive and well developed,
having only one weakness. It now de-
pends upon the MIG-15, which is a day
fighter, blind by night. It is because of this
dependence on the MIG-15 that the Soviet
air defense is thought to be penetrable by
our obsolescent B-36s and B-50s. Our air
planners admit that the B-36s and B-50s will
become wholly obsolete, when the Soviets
can produce a good night fighter in quan-
Concerning the Soviet night firhter,
there has again been controversy. The ar-
gument was brought to a head last sum-
mer, when a Navy patrol plane was inter-
cepted in solid soup over the Black Sea,
and chased, still through solid soup, all the
way to Cyprus. Only a night fighter could
have accomplished this. The Air Force was
still reluctant to face the facts but an in-
ter-service agreement was none the less
reached, that Soviet night fighter produc-
tion was now on the way.
The conversion of the Moscow factories
obviously provide the missing' piece in this
particular puzzle. Analysts who are not war-
ped by service special interests give the odds
to approximately four to one, that the con-
version is being made to produce the new
night fighter. The capacity of the Moscow
air complex is very large. Thus it is entirely
conceivable that the three to four thousand
MIG-15s which now constitute the Soviet
home defense force, will be replaced with
the new night and all-weather fighter, with
its air-borne tracking radar, within two years
or a little more.
Sum up these facts. On the one hand, the
vulnerability of this country is again in-
creasing, by another quantum jump. On the
other hand, the vulnerability of the Soviet
Union is again being lessened; the deterrent
value of our Strategic Air Command is be-
ing reduced; and thus this kind of pro-
tection is also weakening. These are trends
"And now, by way of preparation for the final exams .. . a little additional reading ..."!
WITH DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-Secretary of Defense Wilson's abrupt and unex-
pected promise to cut the monthly draft call from 23,000 to 15,-1
000 after a Korean truce left his manpower experts tearing their hairi
in desperation. It also forced House Armed Services Chairman Dewey'
Short of Missouri to come out a few days later in effect denying Wil-
Inside fact is that Wilson didn't consult with his manpower ex-
perts before he held out false hope to the nation's draft-age young
men. Because his experts say there just isn't going to be any great
Wilson's promise not only would leave the armed services un-
der strength, they point out, but would also slow down voluntary
elistments. It is no secret that many men have been enlisting
to beat the draft; so without the draft boards breathing down
their necks, enlistments would be sure to fall off. This would leave
the armed forces all the more short of men.
The manpower experts still hope to reduce the draft somewhat
after the truce by cutting out rotation, but so many men will be
leaving the service this year that there are no prospects of easing the
draft for another 10 to 12 months.
Meanwhile, the Air Force is so short of money that it can't afford
to take in the 9,600 ROTC graduates who are supposed to go on active
duty this year. Under an agreement with Selective Service, these men
were exempted from the draft on the condition that they would serve
two years active duty after graduation.
However, the Air Force budget is so tight that it cannot afford
9,600 brand new second lieutenants without releasing 8,000 highly
specialized reserve officers. The ROTC graduates cannot match the
skills of the reservists. As a result, the Air Force has warned Secre-
tary of Defense Wilson that the move would seriously cripple the Air
Force's combat capabilities.
McCARTHY'S UNUSUAL STAFF
SENATORS ARE wise-cracking in capitol cloakrooms that Senator
McCarthy's staff would be a good place for a budding young
psychiatrist. For it now develops that the Senator from Wisconsin has
two staff members who have officially established neuroses.
When Cohn and Schine, the famed "Keystone Cops," gal-
loped through Europe last winter winning headlines and bringing
unfavorable criticism at every stop, many people thought their.
operations were a bit unusual. But now it's not only been estab-
lished that Schine was deferred from the draft partly because he
had a "schizoid personality," but another McCarthy staff mem-
ber, Daniel Gerard Buckley, also has troubles of this nature.
Buckley, according to a report prepared for Senator Gillette of
Iowa, got a certificate of disability from the Air Force for psycho-
neurosis. He reported sick 100 to 120 times during only 22 months
in the Air Force and is now drawing disability pay because of the
The report was prepared by John P. Moore, chief council of the
Senate Elections Subcommittee when Senator Gillette was chairman.
It reads in part:
"Mr. Buckley was discharged from the Army Air Force on
May 6, 1944. Certificate of disability discharge (honorable) for
psychoneurosis, mixed type. Since then he has received compen-
sation based upon a 30 per cent rating for a psychoneurosis. The
last routine.examination of the Veterans Administration was made
on March 4, 1949, and based upon the diagnosis, the compen-
sation rating was continued.
"While in the army, from July 13, 1942, to May 6, 1944, Mr.
Buckley was hospitalized six times for periods ranging from seven
to twenty-seven days and, in addition, reported sick one hundred
to one hundred and twenty times."
Buckley was dropped by the Gillette committee on Dec. 8, 1951,
and a few days later his record of phone calls shows that he put in
one call to Commentator Fulton Lewis, and four calls to Miss Jean
Kerr, McCarthy's secretary. He then proceeded on Dec. 27 to issue
a press release blasting the manner in which the Gillette committee
was handling its probe.
Later McCarthy hired him.
* * * *
-TANKERS AND AMBASSADORS-
Brig. Gen. Julius Holmes, political adviser to Eisenhower during the
North African invasion and now U. S. Minister to London, will soon
get promoted to be U. S. Ambassador to Egypt-though the appoint-
ment is not expected to be announced until after Congress adjourns.
There's a good reason for the delay.
Holmes has been an able diplomat in London, also is not hurt by
X e ttep4
TO THE EDITOR
Anier-Americans .. .
To the Editor:'
N A RECENT letter by F. Chigbu-4
was made to ally the American
Negro to the cause of Africa on
the basis of his African ancestry.'
I would suspect any such plea from
a group which allies itself with
the American Negro only when
necessary and only with misgiv-
ings. In actuality, the American
Negro represents less of an African
descendant than a new American
biological and cultural (Encyclo-
pedia Brittanica) product. He is
not the Negro of Africa, South
America or any other "foreign"
land. He is that "citizen of the
United States who is known to to
have had a Negroid ancester"
(World Book Encyclopedia) ... no
matter his intelligence, religion,
skin color, political views, or ra-
cial admixture. The term bears less
reference to race than to social
group, and therefore includes
many with no "Negroid" charac-
teristics or heritage whatsoever.
No, Mr. Chigbu-Emene, he is
an American whose first thought
is of the United States. He is an
Amer-American ... 99.4 per cent
were born in the United States
with 97 per cent of purely na-
tive parentage, and more than
90 per cent native grandparen-
I regret that in your reading of
Walter White's article onthe
"mysterious drug bath" that you
did not detect the subtle satire
set forth. I further regret that
you never met the late Senator
Bilbo of Mississippi with his "ck
to Africa movement" ... he sorely
needed the support of your argu-
ments. I do not see the American
scene through rose colored glasses,
but I do see that the future does
not lie in the past.
Negro manpower has not been
fully utilized in higher bracket
skills, but the monumental con-
tribution he has made with bare
hands and bent back in the devel-
opment of this nation's vast re-
sources (more than any other sin-
gle nationality) cannot be con-
sidered without some pride. His
"emancipation' will come with
recognition of his abilitives, his
cultural andrphysical co tribu-
tions, his brain power, and his
trueAmericanism, just as his buy-
ing power is gradually being rec-
ognized as a merchandizing force.
I'm sorry Mr. C-E, but by
birth, custom, habits, languages,
and contributions to his country,
the Negro citizen of the United
States is an American in the full-
est sense of the word. His sym-
pathy may be with your cause
but as the right of the individ-
ual, not by ancestral reverence.
Personally, I should not take
your closing suggestion, but offer
the paraphrase that he continues
to "take pride in American Affairs!
Loow around you, Mr. F. Chigbu-
-Herman F. Stamps
'The Juggler' . .
To the Editor:
WITH reference to the movie
that was playing yesterday and
the days before at the Michigan
Theatre, 'The Juggler,' I would like
to attract the attention of those
who saw it to some very important
This poor German girl, innocent
(Continued from Page 3)
degree of Master of Music at 8:30,
Wednesday evening, July 29 inste
Rackham Assembly Hall. It will include
the works of Scarlatti, Schubert, De-
bussy and Della Joio. Here recital will
be open to the public without charge.
Carillon Recital: Percival Price, Uni-
versity Carillonneur, will present the
1953 Summer Evening Series, No. 6,
carillon recital at 7:15, Thursday eve-
ning, July 30. It will include Bender's,
Fanfare, Canon and Ostinato for Oaril-
Ion, Song of the Tower Man, Variations
on "Nichts kann uns rauben," Franck'
Chorale, from the Prelude, Chorale, and
Fugue for piano, Italian airs, Santa Lu-
cia, Amor di Pastorello, Funicula, Fu-
nicull, Orthodox church music: Rach-
maninov's, Psalm XXV and Bortnian-
sky's. "How glorious is Our Lord in
University Summer session Orchestra
with Josef Blatt, Conductor and Ar-
lene Sollenberger, Contralto, will pre-
sent a concert at 8:30, Thursday eve-
ning, July 30 in the Hill Auditorium.
It will include Bach's, Suite No. 1 in C
major, Ouverture, Courante, Gavotte
I and II, Forlane, Menuette I and 21,
Bourree I and II, Passepied I and II,
Mahers, Songs of a wayfarer, When
My Love is a Bride, Over Fields at
Break of Day, I Feel a Glowing Dagger,
The Two Eyes So Tender, (English trans-
lation by Josef Blatt), Arlene Sollen-
berger, Contralto; Richard Strauss', Ser-
enade in E-flat, Op. 7, for Wind Instru-
ments and Schubert's, Symphony No. 5
in F flat, allegro, Andante con mote,
Menuetto, allegro molto, Allegro v-
vace. The program will be open to the
general public without charge.
Museum of Art, Alumni Memorial
Hall. Popular Art in America (June 30
-August 7); California Water Color SoC
ciety (July 1-August 1). 9 am. to S
p.m. on weekdays; 2 to5 p.m. on Sun.
days. The public is invited.
General Library. First Floor Corridor.
Incunabula: Books Printed in the Fif-
Kelsey Museum of Archaeology. Gil-
man Collection of Antiques of Palestine.
Museums Building, rotunda ehibit.
Steps in the preparation of ethnolo-
gical dioramas. t
Michigan Historical Collections. Mi-
chigan, year-round vacation land.
Clements Library. The good, the bad,
Law Library. Elizabeth II and her em-
Architecture Building. Michigan Chil-
dren's Art Exhibition.
Lydia Mendelssohn Box office will be
open from 10 a.m. until 8 p.m. today.
Tickets for this week's play, Pygmal-
ion by George Bernard Shaw, are avail-
able at 60c - 90c and $1.20. All Depart-
ment of Speech plays begin promptly
at 8:00 p.m.
Tonight, promptly at 8:00 p.m. the De-
partment of Speech will present George
Bernard Shaw's hilarious laugh riot,,
Pygmalion, in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. The production is under the
direction of William P. Halstead wit
scenery by Jack E. Bender and costuma
by Phyllis Pletcher, all of the Depart-
ment of Speech.
La p'tite causette meets today from
3:30 to 5:00 p.m. in the wing of the
north room of the Michigan Union
cafeteria. All students and Faculty
members interested in speaking or
learning to speak informally French.
in a friendly atmosphere are cordially
Classical Studies Coffee Hour. Thurs-
day, July 30, 4:00 p.m., In the West
Conference Room of the Rackham
Building. Professor Blake will speak
on "~When Roman Meets Greek." Stu-
dents of the Department and all oth
ers interested in the Classics are cor-
International Center, Weekly 'ea, wIIl
be held at Madelon Pound House, 1024
Hill Street, from 4:30 to 5:30, Thurs-
Summer Session French Club meeting
Thursday July 30 at 8:00 p.m. In the
Michigan League. Professor Charles Cp.
Koella, of the Romance Language e-
partment, will give an informal talk
entitled: "L'humour de Courteline."
French popular songs. All students and
Faculty members interested are cor-
Next week the Department of Speech
and the School of Music.will present
Jacques Off enbach's fantastic opera,
The Tales of Hoffman. Performances are
scheduled for 8:00 pm., Thursday, Fri-
day, Saturday and Monday; August 6,
7, 8 and 10. The widest selection of,
tickets is available for the Monday
performance. There is no double cast-
ing in this summer's opera. Tickets are
on sale at the Lydia Mendelssohn Box
Office for $1.50-$1.20-90c.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Harland Britz.........Managing Editor
Dick Lewis ....... ..Sports Editor
Becky Conrad.......*.,..Night Editor
Gayle Greene...............Night Editor
Pat Roelofs ................Night Editor
Fran Sheldon...............Night Editor
Bob Miller............Business Manager
Dick Aistrom..... .Circulation Manager
Dick Nyberg..........Finance Manager
Jessica Tanner...Advertising Associate
Bob Kovacs......Advertising Associate
Y nter~preting the 7lewi
By J. M. ROBERTS JR.
NO MATITER how hard the State Depart-
ment experts work in the 88 days left to
them, the United States and her allies will
carry very little bargaining power to the
political conference on Korea.
The big thing the Communists are believed
to want are:
1-Membership in the United Nations for
the Chinese Reds.
2-Reunification of Formosa with all Chi-
na, Communiss controlled.
3-Relaxation of the restrictions on trade
4-Removal of all foreign troops from Ko-
principle that the veto should not apply in
UN membership matters, might not use it
if other nations wanted to push Red China
into a seat. That hope does not exist now.
UN commitments to the Nationalists on
Formosa make it impossible to bargain that
island's future for the sake of Korean uni-
fication without trampling many of the
same principles which were involved in the
Korean War itself. They only hope of avert-
ing a big split on this point is to keep it off
The matter of the withdrawal of troops
is more a matter of agreement on meth-
ods than of bargaining, since it will re-