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CLOUDY AND WARM
VOL. LXII, No. 184 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JULY 12, 1952
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Nixon's Nomination Unopposed,
Ike Promises Fighting Campaign
By The Associated Press
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Kansas lad who once dreamed
of baseball stardom rather than political glory, took the Republican
Presidential nomination yesterday with a dazzling first ballpt victory.
The official tally was 845 for Eisenhower to 280 for Senator Taft,
after delegates from Minnesota and other states switched to the
General. The Convention later made it unanimous.
And last night the five-star General formally accepted the sum-
mons to lead the GOP in a "great crusade" for another victory--and
"for freedom in America and freedom in the world."
* * * *
UNITED FOR NOVEMBER
* * * 4> * * * * * *
AFTER THE BATTLE
*. * *
* * *.
By HELENE SIMON
Special To The Daily
CHICAGO -- After the frenzied
jubilation that seized the normal-
ly staid Conrad Hilton hotel when
3eneral Eisenhower won the nom-
ination yesterday, the world's larg-
!st hotel is already sinking into
exhaustion from its harrowing
week of Convention experience.
The plush lobby which has been
brimming over this week with
blaring demonstrations and sup-
porters of the various candidates
passing out literature and cam-
paign buttons looks strangely
Just about the only activity cen-
ters around the airlines and rail-
roads decks where delegates are
trying to obtain reservations for
the victorious or glum trip back
home--depending on which can-
didate they supported.
* * *
AS EXPECTED "I like Ike" but-
tons are seen everywhere in the
Windy City which up to now has
been calling itself "Taft Town."
However, here and there,
standing out like sore thumbs
among the welter of Eisenhower
buttons. An orange and blue
Taft pin defiantly appears.
WORKMEN ARE busy tearing
down the booths of the Eisenhow-
er recreation room on the mez-
zanine of the hotel where the mad
victory celebration took place yes-
Summerfield in Line
For Top GOP Position
By The Associated Press
Michigan's National Committeeman, Arthur Summerfield, whose
belated public swing to Eisenhower added firepower to the General's
first ballot blitz, is in the running for either the GOP National Com-
mittee Chairmanship or for general campaign director.
Sinclair Weeks of Massachusetts, who came out recently for
Eisenhower and urged Sen. Taft to withdraw from the race, was re-
ported favored for the National Committee chairmanship.
s 'p ;
LEADERS CLOSE to Eisenhower said either man could have his
By BOB MOELLER
A former foreign student at the
University, Albert Hagopian, 29,
was convicted Thursday in Muni-
cipal Court of a charge of "mali-
cious destruction of property," and
was sentenced to 10 days in jail.
Hagopian, who comes from Iran,
also faces deportation charges in
Detroit, it was disclosed yester-
day by immigration officials.
* * *
THE FORMER student was ar-
rested Monday after his landlady
lodged charges claiming he had
smashed down her door the pre-
At his trial Thursday after-
noon before Judge Francis
O'Brien, Hagopian consistently
denied the charge against him.
Hagopian, who came to the
United States as a visiting student,
must face a hearing before Bureau
of Immigration Service authori-
ties in Detroit as soon as he has
served his ten-day jail sentence.1
* * * .
WILLIAM FOLEY, investigator,
for the Immigration Bureau, stated
yesterday that the Iranian stu-
dent has "failed to maintain the
status under which he was law-
fully admitted to this country."
Hagopian has not been en-
rolled in school since February
of this year, at which time he
received a B. S. degree in Mech-
Immigration laws in the U. S.
provide that visiting students from
foreign lands must maintain their
student status in order to lawfully
remain in the country.
Foley said that if the Immigra-
tion Bureau finds that Hagopian
has not complied with this law.
choice of jobs. They added that
the two will probably sit down
with the General to talk the mat-
ter over before the National Com-
mittee meets today to reorganize.
At that time a successor for
Guy G. Gabrielson, present
chairman, will be chosen and
the first move made to add
about 31 members to the Com-
* * *
YESTERDAY Michigan Repub-
licans, profiting by their exper-
ience of four years ago, mounted
the bandwagon of Dwight D.
Eisenhower at the strategic mo-
ment and rode it to victory.
The state's 46-man delegation
on the first-and only-ballot di-
vided 35 to 11 for Eisenhower, one
more vote than had been prom-
ised at a 2:30 a.m. caucus yester-
Michigan's top Republican
elected officials bubbled with
enthusiasm yesterday over the
nomination of Gen. Eisenhower
as the Republican Candidate for
"It spells the end of Gov. 'Soapy'
Williams, Sen. Blair Moody and
their associates as political fig-
ures in the state," said Secretary
of State Fred M. Alger, Jr., a
candidate for the Republican nom-
ination for governor.
WASHINGTON -( M)- How
times do change department:
It was during World War II.
A worried public relations of-
ficer at the Pentagon told news-
We are going to name a lit-
tle known officer to a big job.
He is a military expert, an
all around good man.
But there's one unfortunate
thing-he's pretty colorless and
doesn't have an appealing per-
We wish you'd do everything
you can to help us popularize
him as commanding general of
the European armies.
His nickname might help.
Red Capital Hit
B-29 Superforts renewed the blis-
tering air attack on blazing Pyong-
yang, the North Korean capital,
last night in the greatest night
raid of the war, the Air Force
The night attack came hard on
the heels of 856 jolting daylight
strikes by Allied fighter-bombers
that made the Reds scream "bar-
Main target of the Superforts
was Pyongyang, hit by 540 tons
of high explosives from 54 planes.
This was in addition to 870 tons
of bombs, 650 rockets and 9,600
gallons of Napalm (jellied gaso-
line) poured on the Red capital
during the day.
Other Superforts blasted supply
areas at Hamhung, Kyompipo and
near Sinmark, in North Korea's
eastern and central sectors.
PROF. GEORGE PEEK of the
convinced the Republicans had "p
Eisenhower." He feels that the G
cials of several big steel companies
and the striking CIO United Steel-
workers held a 90-minute meeting
yesterday amid reports a new of-
fer may be made to end the 40-
day old strike.
There was no report of progress
in the second day of secret huddles.
AFTER A morning meeting, in-
dustry and union negotiators held
Emerging from a conference
room last night where he had
been conferring with other un-
ion officials, steelworkers presi-
dent Philip Murray declared:
"I have nothing to report on
today's meeting with industry and
Asked if another meeting will be
held today, Murray replied:
"It is a reasonable assumption
that a meeting will be held today."
Spokesmen for the industry re-
fused comment after their separ-
Ike Nomination Seen
As Good Thing for GOP
By VIRGINIA VOSS
The first-ballot nomination of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower to the
Republican Presidential candidacy has impressed local Democratic
representatives as a "good thing for the GOP."
But they are jointly skeptical as to whether Ike's nomination is
as good a thing for the Democrats.
* .4 * , *,
e political science department was
icked their strongest candidate in
eneral will strengthen liberal and
internationalist wings in the GOP,
thereby benefiting both the Re-
publican party and the two-party
Prof. Peek wasn't certain how
the Ike nomination would affect
the Democratic Convention. "If
Stevenson is nominated," he
said, "the campaign should re-
sult in a good fight.""
The issues in an Eisenhower-
Stevenson campaign battle, Prof.
Peek indicated, , would probably
hinge around corruption and other
aspects of domestic policy rather
than "collective security."
PROF. ARTHUR M. Eastman of
the English department, however,
suspected Stevenson would not be
available to the Democrats. Ac-
cording to Eastman, the nomina-
tion will probably go to Sen. Ke-
fauver or Harriman, or possibly
Eastman viewed Eisenhower's
victory with mixed reaction. He
said he agreed with others of
his party that "as a Democrat
I hoped Taft would win; as a
patriot I hoped Eisenhower
Commenting that he was "de-
lighted" with Eisenhower's nom-
ination, Prof. Preston Slosson of
the history department said he
still was supporting the Democrats
because he felt that party "has
several men-Kefauver, Harriman,
and Stevenson-quite equal in ca-
pacity to Eisenhower."
BY HIS SIDE, as a. running mi
* * *
CONVENTION HALL, CHICA-
GO--(P)--Gen. Dwight D. Eisen-
hower became "Mr; Republican"
yesterday-and the way it was
done is the fascinating inside
story of a rough-house week of
He took the title in the emo-
tional climax that came in one
electric moment of voting in the
25th GOP Presidential Nominat-
ing Convention when Minnesota
suddenly shifted 19 votes from
Harold E. Stassen to Eisenhower.
That was the payoff-the big
one that counted. After that, all
the others fell in line.
* * s
THE CLIMAX came after the
delegates had cast their votes on
the first ballot. The scoreboard
read: Eisenhower 595; Sen. Rob-
ert A. Taft of Ohio 500; others 111.
That wasn't enough for Eisen-
hower. He needed nine more
votes for the nomination. And
then Minnesota -- which had
voted nine for Eisenhower 19 for
Stassen -- suddenly asked re-
A voice said: "Minesota casts its
28 votes for Eisenhower."
A roar burst from the throats
of the delegates. Minnesota's vote
had run Eisenhower's total to 614
-10 more than he needed. The
battle was over. They had the
nominee of their choice.
* * *
BUT THE real story goes back
to the opening of the Convention
Monday when Eisenhower and
raft forces were locked in a strug-
gle for delegates.
Taft was claiming a first-bal-
lot victory. The Eisenhower
command knew it had to build
up a hard core of strength to
stop Taft-and then try to put
the General across on the sec-
ond or third ballot. They had
not dared hope for a first ballot
The Eisenhower people were
'onfident. And this confidence
stemmed from the fact that they
had assurances the big Michi-
gan and Pennsylvania delegations
would be top-heavy for Eisen-
ade for the great political wars of
'1952, the Republican National
Convention placed the man he
wanted-39-year-old Richard M.
Nixon, Senator from California
and nemesis of Alger Hiss.
For Nixon, it was an unoppos-
ed nomination, without even a
roll call. For Eisenhower it was
unanimous, too, but only after
a roaring finish fight with Sen.
Robert A. Taft of Ohio.
In a large measure, it was a
win for the younger, international-
ly minded element in the party;
a defeat for the professional old
guard. But once the Convention
made its choice, there were the
usual calls to close ranks for the
campaign ahead against long-en-
* * *
AS SOON as he had won the
nomination aides said, Eisenhow-
er telephoned Taft and said he
wanted to do all he could to re-
store party harmony.
Taft, an aide to the General
told newsmen, then asked Eisen-
hower to come to his suite im-
mediately-that he would like
very much to see him. The gen-
eral was in his headquarters at
the Blackstone Hotel; Taft was
just across the street in the
Eisenhower slipped down a back
elevator and crossed the street. He
and Taft conferred together pri
vately for a few minutes in Taft's
office and then appeared together
for television cameras. Both were
smiling broadly, but Taft's cha-
grin at losing the nomination was
* * *
THE JAM-PACKED room was
in an uproar, but Taft was heard
at one point to tell the man who
beat. him for the big GOP prize:
"You'll win the election."
Taft help up an arm and
pleaded for quiet. Finally the
hub-bub subsided and he said:
"I want to congratulate Gen.
Eisenhower on his nomination and
assure him I will do everything
possible for him in his campaign
and after he wins the election."
Eisenhower said he had come
"to pay a call of friendship on a
very great American." He thanked
Taft for his promise of cooperation
and then hurried back to the
"Our aims-the aims of this
Republican crusade-are clear:
to sweep from office an admin-
istration which has fastened on
every one of us the wastefulness,
the arrogance and corruption in
high places, the heavy burdens
and the anxieties which are the
bitter fruit of a party too long
Promising a nothing-in-reserve
fighting campaign, the General
called to party leaders from the
top down to precinct level to fall
in behind him.
BERIM--(P)-Soviet Gen. Vas-
ily I. Chuikov promised U.S. High
Commissioner John J. McCloy
personally yesterday to investigate
Smiling crowds fill the
eleventh floor Eisenhower head-
quarters where the faithful gaily
tell each other that they knew it
all the time but were a little
surprised that their candidate
copped the prize on the first
Last minute bandwagon climb-
ers clamor for Eisenhower buttons
and seem a little chagrined that
they waited so long to show they,
too, like Ike.
But there is no joy on the ninth
floor where only a few disappoint-
ed Taft supporters sit amid the
refuse of empty pop bottles and
scattered convention literature.
The unhappy Taftites quietly talk
or read newspapers proclaiming
In huge headlines "Ike .wins onu
'THIRD PARTY' SURVEY:
Greenbackers Continue To Operate
* * -*
THESE WERE the keystone of!
the General's strength-Michigan
)nd Pennsylvania, plus the rock-
hard strength of New York which
Gov. Thomas E. Dewey was ready
to deliver to Eisenhower.
After weeks of wooing, Fine and
Summerfield agreed to line up
with Eisenhower. The Eisenhower
strategists knew then they were
ready for an open test with Taft.
They maneuvered it on the first
^r%"Unin av-_n +he isumnpthpr
By JOYCE FICKIES I
Last Nov. 12, Fred C. Proehl, a
Seattle business man, was nom-
inated by the Greenback Party
by mail referendum as its candi-
date for President of the United
States--the first candidate to hbe
"the issuance of greenbacks by the
government directly to the peo-
ple for services and supplies."
The platform was announced
by national chairman John Zahnd,
of Indianapolis, leader of the party
holding their first national con-
vention in 1874.
It waged war especially on the
Republicans whom they charged
with having brought about the de-
cline in prices by their monetary
Party. By this and other fusions
the party that year cast more than
one million votes, its all time high,
electing 14 Congressmen. Among
other things which they favored
that year were: the establishment
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