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convention cover-












See Page 2


Latest Deadline in the State



VOL. LXII, No. 175













Campus Interest
In SL Established
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the last in a series of three articles on a re-
cent scientifically conducted poll of student attitudes toward SL.)
After much experimenting with forms and activities of student
governing bodies, the idea of representative student government has 4
become firmly entrenched in the minds of most of the campus popu-
lation. ;
But the present substantial interest in activities of the Student
Legislature, indicated by a recent Survey Research Center sponsored 6

-Daily-Jack Bergstromi
NO WORRIES-Clarence Mason, Grad., has no worries about
the dread ragweed, pollen which causes many unlucky people
with allergies to sniffle and cough each summer.
Honor Sniffling Sufferers
In RagweedControl Month
+ Sniffling ragweed sufferers have won official recognition for
their tortured allergies.
Their proud moment came when the month of June was officially
designated "National Ragweed Control Month."
ALL AROUND the country the coughing, wheezing citizens, aided
by the lucky ones with no allergy, were busy burning, spraying and cut-
ting down the poisonous plant which causes so much summer misery.

Steel Strike
Shutdowns Hit
Ford Industry
DETROIT - (-P) -The steel
strike struck its first sledgeham-
mer blow at auto production yes-
terday when the Ford Motor Co.x
announced a series of mass shut-
downs and layoffs within the next
few days.
Ford, one of the industry's big
three producers, said it will close
all its 14 Ford assembly plants
from Massachusetts to Californiat
and three of its four Lincoln-Mer-
cury assembly plants at the close
"of work Monday. This will idle
27,200 employes.
* *
STARTING Tuesday, the com-
pany said, manufacturing opera-
tions in the huge Dearborn Rougeb
plant will be brought to a grad-
ual holt, with most of them shut s
down by the Fourth of July week-k
end. It was not certain just how N
,many of the 69,000 employes in s
this division would be affected.
In addition about 1,800 work- t
I ers in five Ford parts and equip-
ment plants in Michigan were}
laid off today and 2,300 othersI
may face a similar fate Thurs-
Ford said some manufacturing-
and assembly operations may be j
resumed the week of July 7, but it l
will depend on the steel outlook
at that time. The company makes
,about 50 per cent of its own steel.
GENERAL MOTORS, biggest of m
the big three, has laid off 38,- si
500 workers in 19 plants in its vast d
productive system. But its lay- V
toffs have been scattered and less sz
dratic than the imnpndin F ird

Here in Ann Arbor and Wash-
tenaw County, no special ob-
servance was made of the
month, although health author-
ities reported that normal ef-
forts were being made to fight
the weed. The city has a weed-
cutting ordinance which is ac-
tively enforced, reported Dr. Ot-
to K. Engelke of the health de-
Throughout the county the road
commission chops down offending
plants along its right-of-ways, he
said. The commission also has an
agreement with farmers to get rid
of ragweed on their land.
Sprays are utilized in the rag-
weed fight, although care must be
taken to make sure they will not
be poisonous to valuable wild-life.
"It's hard to organize an anti-
ragweed campaign in rural
areas," Dr. Engelke commented.
"However, if anyone wants to
go around and cut the stuff
down, it's fine with us."
Meanwhile, sneezing students
bleakly observed the ragweed sea-
son by adding to their stores of
kleenex and eye drops. Sufferers
were not helped much by the
teamy atmosphere, but resigned-
y had to keep on sniffling through
he month observing their agony.
West To Talk
With Russ ia
Can Germany
By The Associated Press
The three Western Foreign Min-
sters reached a compromise agree-
ment last night to meet with Rus-
ia under certain conditions to
iscuss the merging of East and
Nest Germany, informed sources
Meanwhile.+he Rnccinne ha

Polls Show
Grads Lack
SL Interest
According to a poll conducted
by the Graduate School Council
at the spring registration, only 2C
per cent of the graduate students
voted in the Student Legislature
elections, compared with a 40 per
cent student body vote.
The most frequent reason re-
ported by grads for not voting
was lack of knowledge about can-
didates. This is to be expected,
the report said, "since so few
graduaterstudents run in these
* * *
OTHER REASONS given were
"lack of interest," "did not know
graduate students could vote" and
"did not think SL activities affect
graduate students.
The report added that struc-
tural changes in student gov-
ernment will be necessary to
make SL representative of the
graduate student body and to
increase graduate student par-
However, Council officials indi-
cated that no immediate move is
being planned to urge such a
Center To Hold
Dance Today
The International Center ini-
tiates its summer program for
foreign students with a reception
and dance at 8 p.m. today in the
Rackham Assembly Rooms.
Professor Harold Dorr, Director
of the Summer Session; Dr. Esson
M. Gale, Director of the Interna-
tional Center; and the Interna-
tional Center Board of Governors
and their wives will greet the
guests in an informal receiving
At the reception the News Bul-
letin will be issued announcing
future plans made for Thursday
afternoon teas beginning July 3,
trips to points of interest in the
Ann Arbor vicinity and a number
of scheduled picnics.
State High Court
Rebukes Brennan
LANSING-(P)-In an unpre-
mn~ra n nihli .-rhukrathe State

Kpoll, has not always been the case
during SL's six-year existence.
The now resolved problem of
whether or not the campus should
elect a representative student gov-
erning body was in 1946 a highly
debatable issue.
* * *
ACCORDING to former SL pres-
ident Len Wilcox, '55L, the present
interest in SL's activities is a re-
vival of campus attitude in 1946
when SL's present constitution
was approved.
After a spurt of strong ap-
proval in student government,
interest slumped in 1947 and
1948. Wilcox said he has seen a
renewed interest in the past two
ryears, partially due to the con-
troversial issues SL hasetaken
JiAnother former SL president,
Jim Jans, Grad., thought it was
"the group itself rather than stu-
dent attitudes toward it" that
had changed most in the past six
* * *
Walter saw a marked increase in
interest in SL in the past three
years in terms of the number of
students voting. The proportion
of students voting has increased
to a high of almost 50 percent
tabulated in the last spring elec-
Commenting on the nature of,
SL's action, Dean Walter point-
ed out that "in the last two
years, the Legislature has taken
its name more and more liter-
ally and has legislated' in the
sense of passing regulations and
He said that SL was presently
resolving the long-standing ques-
tion of whether student govern-
ment should exist as a law-mak-
ing body or as an indecisive forum
in a trend towards more actual
student government.
* * *
THE PROBLEM of determining
SL's jurisdiction along with the
varying degrees of student inter-
est in the group has largely decid-
ed the governing body's history.
Four short-lived types of stu-
See INTEREST, Page 4

Late Scores
Brooklyn 8, Boston 3
Philadelphia 6, New York 0
St. Louis 6. Pittsburgh 4
Chicago 6, Cincinnati 0
Chicago 5, Cleveland 1
New York 10, Philadelphia 0
St. Louis 2, Detroit 1
Soath African
Resistance Hit
ca-(P)-Police struck at the heart
of the resistance to race segrega-
tion laws yesterday by throwing
the two top leaders in jail.
Security officers, backed by uni-
formed police armed with rifles
and pistols, arrested Yussif A.
Cachalia, secretary and top plan-
ner of the nationwide campaign of
non-violent civil disobedience, and
Nelson Bandela, chief volunteer of
the nation's Negroes who have
pledged themselves to risk impris-
onment by breaking the race laws
they consider "unjust and hate-
Yesterday's arrests swelled to
140 the number of non-whites jail-
ed since their defiance campaign
was launched Thursday.
The others were arrested for
deliberately crossing forbidden
race barriers, marching out en
masse without required permits
and identity papers.

POW HURDLE EVENT-Allied prisoners-of-war clear hurdles during a 100-meter hurdle event
at an athletic meet in Camp No. 1 somewhere in North Korea. This picture was taken by an
Associated Press photographer, who is a POW. It was released by U.S. Army censors after Red
censors had released the negative. Allied authorities have often noted that Communist censors pass
such pictures because of their evident propaganda value.

or ld News Roundup
By The Associated Press
SEOUL-The boss of the Far East U.S. Superforts, Brig. Gen.
Wiley G. Ganey, said yesterday on this second anniversary of the
first B-29 strike in Korea that his command is ready to hit Man-
churia if restrictions are lifted.
Meanwhile, Allied warplanes roared down yesterday in their
fourth attack of the week on hydro-electric power plants in North
And Korean truce teams today started a three-day recess called
by United Nations negotiators, who walked out on a Communist
. * * * *
WASHINGTON-Senate-House conferees early today were re-
ported near agreement on a compromise economic controls bill ex-
tending wage and price controls for another eight months to a year.
WASHINGTON-A State Department spokesman denied yes-
terday that Secretary Acheson had made a specific apology to
Britain because the British were not told in advance of a decision
to bomb North Korean power plants along the Yalu river.
Acheson did agree with the British, however, that they should
have been consulted.
* * * * *

Senate Vote
Cuts Across
Present System
To Be Retained
plete overhaul of the nation's im-
migration and naturalization laws
was put on the statute books by
Congress yesterday over the veto
of President Truman, who had
contended the measure would sap
U. S. leadership for peace.
The bill, sponsored by Sen. Mc-
Carran (D-Nev) and Rep. Walter
(D-Pa), was passed by the Sen-
ate by a vote of 57 to 26. That was
one vote more than the two-thirds
majority required to override Tru-
man's veto sent to Congress on
Wednesday. A switch of two Sen-
ators' votes would have been re-
quired to change the result.
THE HOUSE had voted 278 to
113 Thursday to enact the bill in
disregard of the President's ob-
Among other things the mea-
sure retains the present system
of immigration based on na-
tional origins, and increases
only slightly the permissible
number of immigrants.
The Senate vote cut sharply
across party lines. Voting to over-
turn the veto were 25 Democrats
and 32 Republicans. Voting to sus-
tain it were 18 Democrats and
eight Republicans.
Absent for the vote on overrid-
ing were five of the Senate's can-
didates for Presidential nomina-
tions-Sens. Taft (R-Ohio), Kerr
(D-Okla), Russell (D-Ga), Ke-
fauver (D-Tenn) and McMahon
Kefauver and McMahon, how-
ever, were announced as favoring
a vote to sustain the veto.
SENATE debate, although lim-
ited and brief, was as heated as
the days of talk which preceded
initial Senate passage on May 22.
McCarran accused the Presi-
dent, with whom he has long
been at odds, of making un-
founded and unfair attacks on
the measure. He said that if
immigration "floodgates" were
opened without careful screen-
ing, the internal security of the
nation would be destroyed.
Sen. Humphrey (D-Minn.) re-
plied that the issue was not one
of internal security, but rather
whether the nation was to be
"worthy of the name of a great
democratic republic."
The measure will become ef-
fective six months from yesterday,
the date of enactment.
Truman had said he favored
some provisions of the bulky bill,
the first complete redrafting of
the nation's basic immigration and
naturalization laws since 1798. But
he said these were far offset by
other provisions, such as reten-
tion of the present quota system

for immigrants, of which he thor-
oughly disapproved.
Group Protests
TB Admninistratoi


WASHINGTON-President Truman yesterday fired Robert Grant
United States marshal for the southern district of Illinois, effective

Attorney General James P. McGranery said Grant had been
mixed up in irregularities.
* * * *
SEATTLE--A specially-called Federal grand jury yesterday
indicted a Seattle travel agency executive on a charge of falsely
reporting that Owen Lattimore planned a trip to Russia.
S * *
WASHINGTON-One of the nation's top atomic scientists, J.
Robert Oppenheimer, hinted yesterday at mysterious new develop-
ments in the field of atomic energy-so important they were laid
directly before President Truman.

Shryock Calls Health Plan Old Concept

The whole notion of compulsory
medical insurance is not a modern
idea, as many people think of it,
but an eighteenth century concept
according to Richard Shryock,
director of the Institute of Medi-
cine at Johns Hopkins University
Medical School.
.ohrn- a -- - aca---MA .1..

* * *

to the poor. This public opinion
culminated in a system of "bene-
ficial societies," a form of health
insurance organization. Members
paid dues and were given pay-
ments in case of sickness.
During the early part of the
century nearly one million peo-
nl sa o . Rra on 9..ml:nn

chant seamen to join insurance
programs, the beginning of the
federal marine insurance in this
* * *
MORE AND MORE persons,
Shryock continued, became in fav-
or of a compulsory health insur-
ance program for the poorer class

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