THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, AUGUST 10, 1952
CONTROLS PAKISTAN WATER SOURCES:
India Holds Key to Rich Punjab Farming Region
toda hold thkest Pkistan's
The es i ie are posses
PakHOiRand igaion sa sstem, on-he. :...I
ofthe world's lrgstcud.un-
today eysch Pakistan 's ood belt into a :
Pekst AN complains that In-h..:
daytampering withrad thenorad (f -~u
efl ofth water in Indiaf-he i
Kadsi andem onIdas ieo
the na fr onier, could t.rn A.........
graess deserot.di ninen-
tapering is.already.present and .. .
asarutther be s bece a t mak
edfall in he water levels ofte :,'
teIndus yise. and.ain.h0.
Iersning de the Ase nchgr- r/M
ges, butl meein Kianhi nen-- l/WA
tional oundtanbl e onerecesions, ..A L iCIT
stre nWashington susse and ,
fothe p obtes onnected thy
twvee Ilndi and Paistatn sche- i
repsentin. e two Ar.sianngh- ...
ausn pesdes theldebnk..They
Piveipansirandcnution sh oe-
dultewoin 'slthedst.River...basin.... :I N DIiii:
PAKISTAN aercopeitt Iend-HARP(~
the spctreaofstan forbethist new
* * * ss dehert ":
Food To Be
Scarce in '75
ulation increased more than twice
as fast in the five years 1946-'50
as in depression 1936-'40.
In Western Europe, according
to the United Nations' 1951 demo-
graphic yearbook, only France had
a higher rate of increase, and
among those of the so-called back-
ward areas which keep birth and
death statistics only Ceylon ex-
ceeded the U.S. rate.
THE POPULATION Reference
Bureau, a private research organ-
ization, forecasts that if the U.S.
rate keeps up Americans may have
to do one of three things in about
1975 in order to eat as well as
they do now:
1. Make farms produce more.
2. Export less food.
3. Import more food.
The Bureau was established here
in 1929 through private contribu-
tions to collect and distribute pop-
ulation data. Robert Cook is act-
In the 1936-'40 period the Unit-
ed States had 17.3 births per thou-
sand population and 11 deaths,
a net increase of 6.3 persons per
In 1946-'50 there were 24.1
births and 9.9 deaths. Births had
increased, deaths decreased.
The population increase per
thousand in 1946-150 was 14.2-
which was 7.9 over the rate of
1936-'40, more than double.
The Bureau took figures on the
United States, seven Western Eur-
opean nations and 12 other areas
from the demographic yearbook
to find out how the U.S. popula-
tion rate compares with that of
the rest of the world.
The six with the greatest in-
crease in the post-war period over
the late depression years were:
Ceylon 10.6 per thousand, France
9.4, Puerto Rico 9.2, U.S. 7.9, Ja-
pan and Mexico 7.2 each.
DOWN THE LIST are nations
commonly thought to be increas-
ing their population much faster,
such as Malaya with 3.5 and Italy
with only one per thousand.
Cook says many people make
the mistake of watching birth
rates alone to estimate what is
happening to populations. He
cautions that deaths must be
considered to get the actual in-
He says world population is in-
creasing at the rate of one per
cent a year.
DRIVING PROVIDES SURPRISES:
Tourists Find Paris Equals Expectations
By BARNES CONNABLE
Special To The Daily
PARIS-You've got a pretty good
picture of Paris without coming
Everything is about as you ex-
pect. So if you're entertaining
wondrous dreams of a surprise a
minute you're in for a great dis-
All the tourists do the same
things here. At night you go down
to the Place Pigalle, drink cham-
pagne and watch a floor show
which is as poorly rehearsed as
the girls are nude.
AT DAWN, you climb up a hill
and watch the sun come up over
Paris, which costs nothing and is
considerably more spectacular
than the pig alleys, "spectacles."
During the day, you drive up
the Champs Elysees to the Place
de r'Etoile and the Arc De Tr-
omphe, take an excursionto
NotreDame and ride the hair
raising elevator up the Eiffel
Then you leave and you can say,
"I've seen Paris." And the photo-
graphs are now memories.
Except for Rheims, famed for its
cathedral and the unconditional
surrender, the drive down here
through Belgium and Northern
France is not very scenic. You can
get the same effect in New Eng-
land and hilly sections of southern
ONE CONSOLATION is that the
topography discourages the bicycle
menace. But it is quickly replaced
by a new and more terrible op-
ponent-the French driver.
Now, you can't help liking the
Frenchman. Unlike the Dutch-
man's roadside stare, his dis-
tant greeting is a smile and a
friendly wave. But once he gets
behind the wheel -he becomes a
The little cars that scurry along
the countryside we call "bugs."
They not only resemble oversized
insects, they have an amazing
propensity to shoot by you from
the direction you least expect.
You also become acquainted in
short order with the non-sym-
phonic version of the French horn.
The "bug-tooter" is almost as
high-pitched and terrifying as the
engine whistles over here.
AS YOU TRAVEL toward Paris,
the methods of struggling with
traffic become increasingly clear.
The French hit their horns like
itchy-fingered triggermen at ev-
ery intersection and whenever
something moves a hundred yards
over in the brush.
This gets to be quite severe on
the nerves, but it can't compare
with the shock you receive with
the discovery that these little
horns are used instead of brakes.
And when you reach Paris, you
find out the huge, courageous
buses use neither.
The next best thing to carnival
bump cars is a ride around the
Arch of Triumph. The proud own-
ers of wagging, illuminated turn-
ing indicators are absolutely posi-
tive they aren't going to get hit.
The rest are willing to gamble.
And eventually you realize that
to get onto your street, you your-
self are obliged to dart through
the metal concentric circles.
Strangely enough, while everyone
thinks he has the right of way
in Paris, very few people get hurt.
AFTER ONE DAY of extricat-
ing himself from the Parisen au-
tomobile stranglehold, the tourist
is a hardened, merciless veteran.
He has finally grasped that the )
road to survival is a fast and ag-
This is a major part of Paris,
because to enjoy the beauty of
the city you have to get places.
Once you get there, you're well
satisfied it's all that it's cracked
up to be.
Paris is a new experience in the
sense that a walk along the Seine
and the view from the Eiffel Tow-
er can't really be captured on the
motion picture screen.
But you've seen most of it in-
directly and when you do get your
first on-the-scene glimpse of the
historic palace at VersaillesIn-
stead of sighing, you're more l1k-
ely to murmur as we did, "Well,fni
by God, there it is."
Prof. Litzenberg A
Prof. Karl Litzenberg of the
English Department has been ap-
pointed the first Fulbright fellow
to study in the field of Scandina-
vian literature in Denmark.
Serving as a Fulbright research
professor at the University of Cop-
enhagen, Prof. Litzenberg will con-
duct studies on the reception and
impact of the major Victorian
writers in Scandinavia in the 19th
and 20th centuries.
SO LONG as India controls the
source of Pakistan's vital water
supply she controls this country's
economy and its future survival as
a nation," said one Pakistani lead-
er. "We cannot rest until there is
an iron-clad agreement protecting
the water supply for our irrigation
Five great rivers-The Jhe-
lum, the Chenap, the Ravi, the
Sutlej, and the main stream of
the Indus-run through Pakis-
tan. Eventually they join and
enter the sea south of Karachi
through the great Indus Delta.
Because of these rivers, all snow-
fed from the Himalayas, this re-
gion of West Pakistan has devel-
To Purdue Faculty
Prof. Paul F. Chenea, of the en-
gineering college has been appoint-
ed professor of engineering me-
chanics and research profressor of
materials at Purdue University.
The appointment will become
effective Sept. 1.
. . *
PROF. Chenea will have charge
of all instructional and research
work in engineering mechanics.
He has been in the University
faculty since 1946.
oped into one of the richest wheat
and cotton growing areas of all
But agricultural production vi-
tal to this country's economy is
possible only through intensive ir-
rigation. Water for this irrigation
flows through Indian-held Kash-
mir and Indian Punjab to reach
the fields of West Pakistan.
The Punjab, the Northwest
Frontier provinces and Sin are
all uncertain rainfall areas, with
one year in five expected to be
dry and one in ten a year of
Eighty percent of Pakistan's 76
million people depend on agricul-
ture to live, and with natural rain-
fall uncertain most of them look
to irrigated land for full cup-
boards and full stomachs.
* * *
BEFORE PARTITION of India
into India and Pakistan, plans for
construction of a series of major
dams in the Himalayas had been
outlined. In some cases construc-
tion actually had been started.
But with partition it became
apparent that the dams all fell
within India, while most of the
canals and headworks they were
designed to feed lay in Pakistan.
India controlled the water taps
but the pipelines were all in
Should India decide to turn off
those taps, she is in a position to
do so, say worried Pakistanis here.
Those who charge India with
tampering with the flow of water
into the Punjab paint an awful
picture of what could happen to
Pakistan's food supply. These fears
have highlighted demands here for
a quick and fair solution of the
whole Kashmir problem.
Last Week of, Removal
Save up to 0
on Helena Rubinsteins
112 and more
In Eight-Week Courses
Time of Class Meeting
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8:00 a.m., Thursday, August 14
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