THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SATURDAY, AUGUST 2, 1952
I m I
* I I
Choosing the Campaign Aides
WASHINGTON-Sen. Estes. Kefauver has
sent congratulations and offers of co-
operation to his victorious rivals, Gov. Adlai
E. Stevenson and Sen. John J. Sparkman.
It is now their move. What it should be
is only one of the many management prob-
lems to which the Democratic candidates
must address themselves without delay.
That they owe so little to any faction
or boss almost makes it harder. Politicians
accept among themselves the slogan that
to the victor belongs the spoils. Republi-
cans who supported Senator Taft expect
that those who backed General Eisen-
hower will run his campaign with only
such gestures to the defeated as political
General Eisenhower was sufficiently en-
meshed in a preconvention campaign to ac-
quire some background on GOP personali-
ties and how they got on together-or didn't.
Springfield, Ill:, and its reluctant Governor
were somewhat remote from the clashing
Fortunately Governor Stevenson has a
Washington background. It began with the
early New Deal in the Agricultural Adjust-
ment Administration and the problems of
repent, skipped to the war years when he
was special assistant to the Secretary of the
Navy, and closed in the postwar era with
service in the United Nations and Foreign
Economic Aid Programs.
No bureaucrat with that background could
escape a fairly wide acquaintance with poli-
ticians. The Chicago machine and the Illi-
nois statehouse also constitute a graduate
course in politics. Nonetheless such experi-
ence is not quite the same thing as inten-
sive, up-to-date knowledge of the changing
political tides and personalities in the 48
For example, a Democratic cliche is that
the national chairman must be a Catholic
from one of the big cities vital to the
party's success. It is argued by the city
bosses that this is only fair because a
Catholic cannot aspire to the presidency
or vice-presidency and the chairmanship
is the next biggest recognition within the
party's power to bestow.
This argument has been presented to Gov-
ernor Stevenson. Perhaps more could be
learned of its validity in 1952 by talking to
Catholics than the the city bosses. It is
still a tradition to be considered.
There are signs that not all the Kefauver
forces are taking their licking in good part.
They say their man did not get the recogni-
tion he deserved for his strong primary
showing. They think he was unfairly treated
by the Permanent Chairman, Speaker Sam
The Speaker was certainly livid with
fury over the manner in which the Ke-
fauver strategists kept demanding that
delegations be polled. They had hoped to
the end to stop Stevenson.
In politics, a little following can be a
dangerous thing. It led Henry Wallace far,
ar astray; it seduced Ha old Stassen into
following a course which has whittled away
all his prestige.
Senator Kefauver is still young enough for
a very bright future.
(Copyright, 1952, by the Bell Syndicate)
MATTER OF FACT
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP
WASHINGTON-The existence of a Soviet
stockpile of atomic bombs has now be-
come an almost unmentionable subject.
There was no serious discussion of this sub-
ject at all at the recent conventions, at one
of which the next President of the United
States was nominated. Yet Soviet atomic
production may well overshadow every oth-
er problem which the next President will
have to face.
Consider the facts. In the first place,
previous estimates of Soviet atomic stock-
piling have now been upped about 20 per
cent. In the second place, this probably
means that the Soviet stockpile will be-
gin to approach the number of bombs re-
quired for an attempted knock-out blow
at the United States, before the end of
the next President's four-year term.
Previous estimates have assumed Soviet
production of about fifty bombs up to the
beginning of this year; and thereafter, as
I MARRIED A WITCH with Veronica
Lake and Fredric March.
AFEW WEEKS AGO, in reviewing "The
"The Ghost of Mrs. Muir," I occupied
myself in passing the thought: "What if
this had been written by Thorne Smith?"
feeling it would have been less muggy. After
seeing the present film, "I Married a Witch,"
largely drawn from one of Smith's stories,
I am more sure than ever of my hypothesis.
Though profitable comparison between
the two movies is limited, at bottom they.
are remarkably similar. Each concerns a
supernatural being who falls in love with a
mortal. In the one case, it the ghost of a
sea captain; in the other, it is a svelte,
husky-voiced witch, played by Veronica
Lake. In each case, confusion arises from
the relationship. But there, for most prac-
tical purposes, the similarity ends. "Mrs.
Muir" gets involved in sentiment; "A
Witch" gets whimsical.
The whimsey in "I Married a Witch" is
not entirely innocent, as might be expected
from Thorne Smith, though the devility has
been slightly diluted for film purposes. It is
this quality, simply enough, which sends
the picture above the general run. It is a
thing that must be dealt with subtly, kicked
about and toyed with, and skirted cleverly,
never indulged in an obvious fashion. It pro-
vides a kind of peppery core for the farce,
incipient in each action and speech.
The result is that the wit achieves a cer-
tain hardness, which, although not abso-
lutely consistent, and sometimes muffled
in nonsense, helps the picture along to be-
ing a better than average comedy.
As the passionate witch, Veronica Lake
outdoes herself, acting langorous or bedev-
iled as the occasion demands with an excel-
the result of the completion of a great new
atomic plant in central Russia, monthly
production of five to seven bombs. These
estimates have been upped for several rea-
sons. but especially because it has been
found that atomic bombs of medium power
can be produced considerably more rapidly
than had previously been thought possible.
Given this 20 per cent increase in cur-
rent estimates, the following table will
serve as a rough guide to the expected
minimum and maximum stockpile in the
years immediately ahead.
At the end of this year: 130 to 150 bombs.
At the end of 1953: 200 to 250 bombs.
At the end of 1954: 275 to 370 bombs.
At the end of 1955: 350 to 450 bombs.
At the end of 1956: 420 to 550 bombs.
* * *
THIS SORT OF estimate is, of course, no
more than an informed guess. No one
can possibly predict what successes or fail-
ures may attend the efforts of Soviet Se-
cret Police Chief Lavrenti Beria, who is
charged with the Soviet atomic program,
three of four years from now. Moreover, the
above table leaves out of account the hydro-
gen bomb, on which this country has little
head start on the Soviet Union. But the es-
timates above at least serve to suggest what
the planners call "the dimensions of the
The dimensions of this problem. which
will confront the next President are also
suggested by other estimates the experts
have made. These estimates concern the
number of medium bombs on target re-
quired to destroy this country's military
potential. This, again, is something which
even the best of the experts, poring over
their target analyses and production fig-
ures, can only guess at. But for what they
are worth these guesses range from 450
to 660 medium atomic bombs delivered on
Here it should be pointed out, of course,
that there is a great difference between
bombs hidden in a stockpile and bombs de-
livered on target. For one thing, the con-
tinental United States does not contain by
any means the only atomic targets in the
world. Second, no country can afford to
expend its whole atomic stockpile at a
single blow. Third, some targets are sure to
be missed. And finally, the effectiveness of
the defenses of a country attacked can make
the difference between the success or failure
of an attack.
* * *
AS ALREADY reported in this space, the
air defense specialists are beginning to
believe that the effectiveness of our defense
against air delivered attack can be increased
very sharply indeed, given an all-out na-
tional effort in this field. For all these rea-
sons, it would be all wrong simply to equate
the estimated Soviet stockpiling of bombs
with the estimated number of bombs re-
quired for a knockout blow. Yet when all
this is said, the harsh facts remain. The So-
viet atomic stockpile is formidable enough
even now. By the end of the next President's
four-year term, a very bad time may at
least be near. This is the time when the So-
viets will be able to launch a surprise sat-
tnroa~tn attark ar neint th TUnitd Stats.
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:l
By J. M. ROBERTS, JR.
Associated Press News Analyst
O NE OF Secretary Acheson's jobs at Hono-
lulu will be to make the new U.S.-
Australia-New Zealand Mutual Defense Pro-
gram an invitation to other Pacific powers
to join eventually.
There is no immediate intention of try-
ing to create in the Pacific anything com-
parable with the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization. The nature of the present
work is more like that with Latin Am-
The urgency of ever-possible enemy ac-
tion in the Pacific is not present as in Eur-
ope. And the immediate focal point if it
ever develops will be Japan, not the South
Indeed, there will be a spirit present at
Honolulu, however, politely covered, which
compares in some respects with that which
exists between France and Germany when
they seek to cooperate, under new pressure,
against a background of mutual fear. The
fear is that of the Anzacs for Japan. It is
one of the chief reasons why the U.S. has
made mutual defense treaties with Australia
and New Zealand on the one hand, and
with Japan and the Philippines individually.
There are economic matters involved, too,
between the British Commonwealth and
Japan, with the latter's return to trading
importance in the Orient running head-on
into British efforts for trade expansion. And
there is some plain old-fashioned racial
But, just as the present lack of direct
military pressure on the Pacific permits the
present arrangement, so would a real threat
require unification. And there is no guaran-
tee that Russia's traditional expansionism
toward the Orient, her traditional enmity
with Japan, will not eventually regain first
place in Russian policy.
Nothing like a supreme command among
America, Australia and New Zealand is
being planned for the present. Liaison for
coordination of military programs is the
In this the United States will be standing
between the antipodes, Japan and the
Philippines. The problem at Honolulu will
be to establish an institution broad enough
to take care of future developments in case
a supreme command should be needed, in
case enemy pressure should ever override the
current objections to Pacific-wide unifica-
TEN MONTHS AGO, after a famous series
of articles in the "Frankfurter Rund-
schau" on former Nazis in the German For.
eign Office, a parliamentary subcommittee
was set up in Bonn to investigate the charg-
es. It was officially admitted that of seventy-
five senior officials forty-nine had been Nazi
The scandal was of whale-like propor-
tions; the euphemistic prose of the com-
sion's report now published suggests it
has gone only river fishing. It does indeed
recommend that the chief of the personnel
section and one Herr von Bargen be dis-
missed from the service; that the late Am-
bassador in Athens be urged to retire;
that a permanent panel of inquiry be set
up; and that a new Secretary of State be
appointed to supervise the recruitment of
That department has been noted in its
screening of former "politically active" Nazis
for its "negligent conduct of official busi-
ness in good faith. So far so good. But other
ex-Nazis, one of whom at least "failed to
remember" his part in drawing up details
of Hitler's "New Order," are simply not to
be "sent on foreign service."
The subcommittee's concern seems to
be with Germany's prestige abroad rather
than with Nazis. True, some were party
members because it was "part of Germ-
any's fate." "Experienced diplomatists,"
in Professor Hallstein's words, "are need-
ed and cannot be discarded .just because
they were in the old Foreign Office. There
will be no real solution until a new gener-
ation of diplomatists arises."
The Russians have had the same problem
in Eastern Germany where former Nazis al-
so fatten in high places. But the "new gen-
eration" is not likely to bloom with liberal
sentiments in the Right-wing climate of the
present Foreign Office's corridors. It is to
be hoped that the Social Democrats (who
are particularly anti-Nazi) will pass the
subcommittee's findings through a fine
sieve. The price of democracy is vigilance.
-The Manchester Guardian
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writer only.
This must be noted in all reprints.
NIGHT EDITOR: HARRY LUNN
_. _. . .. .-j,.-i.,. tt,. F ..
DAILY OFFICIAL BULL'ETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3510
Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceding publication (11 a.m.
Veterans enrolled under the G.. Bill
who will receive a degree, change course,
or change institutions, at the end of
the summer Session and who wish to
take additional training under the Bill,'
must apply for a supplemental Certif-
icate of Eligibility on or before August
8. Application should be made in Room
555, Administration Building.
Cercle Francais: The Cercle Francais
of the Summer Session meets every
Wednesday evening at 8 o'clock in the
Henderson Room of the Michigan
League. The meetings offer a varied
program of songs, games and short
talks in French on topics of general
interest, as well as the opportunity for
informal conversation and recreation.
All students, faculty members, and
summer residents who are interested in
France and things French are cor-
dially invited to participate in any or
all of the activities of the Cercle.
Symposium on Heat Transfer. Trans-
piration and Film Cooling." E. R. G.
Eckert, University of Minnesota. 10:00
a.m., 311 West Engineering.
Doctoral Examination for Donald
Charles Kleckner, Speech; thesis: "Sen-
ator Robert A. Taft: A Study of his
Public Address with Emphasis on the
Labor Issue," Monday, August 4, 3211
Angell Hall, at 2:15 p.m. Chairman, W.
Doctoral Examination for Alice
Braunlich Dickinson, Mathematics: the-
sis: "Compactness Conditions and Uni-
form Structures" Tuesday, August 5,
3001 Angell Hall, at 3:00 p.m. Acting
Chairman, H. Samelson.
Doctoral Examination for Nadine
Anna Cragg, Education; thesis: "An
Evaluation of the Year-Around School
Camp of Long Beach, California," Tues-
day, August 5, 4014 University High
School, at 1:45 p.m. Chairman, M. E.
Doctoral Examination for Harley
Young Jennings. Jr., Chemistry; the-
sis: "Contact Angle Hysteresis on Sil-
ver Chloride Surfaces," Tuesday, Au-
gust 5, 1565 Chemistry Bldg., at 3:00
p.m. Chairman, F. E. Bartell.
String Quartet Class, under the direc-
tion of Robert Courte, will present a
program in the Rackham Assembly Hall
at 4:15 Monday afternoon, August 4. It
will open with vivaldi's L'Estro Armo-
nico in A major, followed by Mozart's
Quartet in D major, K. 575 Mlhaud's
Quartet No. 4, and Brahms' Quartet in
A minor, Op. 51, No. 2. Students par-
ticipating are Alfred Boyington, James
vandersall, Beatrix Lien and Yvonne
Schilla, violinists; Walter Evich and
Daniel Barach, cellists; Charlotte Lew-
is and George Webber, cellists.
The general public is invited.
Student Recital: Jewell Foster, pi-
anist, will be heard at 8:30 Monday eve-
ning, August 4, in the Architecture
Auditorium, in a program of works
by Bach, Beethoven, Schumann and
Ravel. Mr. Foster is a pupil of Mary
Fishburne, and his program, played in
partial fulfillment of the requirements
for the Bachelor of Music degree, will
be open to the public.
Robert Noehren, University Organist,
will present the second of two Sunday
afternoon organ recitals at 4:15 August
3, in Hill Auditorium. It will include
compositions by Schmidt, David, An-
driessen, Langlais, Koechlin, Messian,
Milhaud and Durufle. The general
public is invited.
Stanley Quartet, Gilbert Ros and
Emil Raab, violinists, Robert Courte,
violist, and Oliver Edel, cellist, assist-
ed by Emile Simonel, violist, will ap-
pear in the final program of the sum-
mer series at 8:30 Tuesday evening,
August 5, in the Rackham Lecture Hall.
The program will open with Haydn's
Quintet in C major for two violins, two
violas and cello, followed by Hinde-
mith's Quartet No. 3, Op. 22. After
Clements Library. American books
whichhave influenced the modern mind
(through September 1).
Architecture Building. Student work,
Motion Picture, Auspices of Student
Legislature Cinema Guild: Rene Clair's
"I Married a Witch," also, "The City,"
6 o'clock, 7:15, and 9:30, Architecture
Play, presented by the Department of
of Speech. Second Threshold, by Philip
Barry. 8:00 p.m., Lydia Mendelssohn
The Graduate Outing Club will meet
on Sunday, August 3, Northwest Corner
of Rackham Building, at 2 p.m. for
hiking, picnicking and swimming. Bring
Recreational Swimming-Women Stu-
dents: The Union pool will be open to
women for recreational swimming on
Tuesday and Thursday; evenings of next
week from 7:30 until 9:00 o'clock.
Sunday, August 3
Masters Breakfast, honoring candi-
dates for the master's degrees. 9:00
a.m., Michigan Union Ballroom.
Services in Ann Arbor churches.
TO THE EDITOR
Pro gressive Party..
To the Editor:.
IN ANSWER to Mr. Swander's
four questions concerning the
(1) The Progressive Party is
the only political party in which
Negroes play leading roles, and
the only party which heeds the
demands of the Negro people for
an immediate end to discrimina-
tion, segregation, and racial per-
secution. The Republicans offer us
an avowed states-righter in the
person of Eisenhower; the Demo-
crats have shown us how serious-
ly they mean to take their civil
rights planks in nominating for
vice-president a man who has
consistently opposed all attempts
at civil rights legislation, Spark-
man of Alabama. The Progres-
sive Party nominated a Negro
woman for vice-president, long
a militant fighter for her people,
Mrs. Charlotta Bass. At the Pro-
gressive Party convention, I saw
Negroes and whites standing to-
gether on the issue of civil rights
and on all other issues-that's
why we proudly say it is a party
of Negroes and whites.
(2) I quote from plank No. 1 in
the foreign policy section of the
Progressive Party platform: "Agree
to a cease-fire in Korea today.
without any ifs, ands or buts.
Propose an immediate armistice
at the agreed upon demarcation
line; all disputed questions, in-
cluding the exchange of war pris-
oners, to be settled by civilian
representatives of all nations in-
volved in the war after the fight-
(3) In relation to the Soviet
Union and China, Progressives
would agree, I think, in holding
that one paramount fact must be
recognized: that the governments
in those countries rest on broac
popular support. From this it fol-
lows that to talk of peace in terms
of the destruction and overthrow
of the governments of the Sovie
Union and China, is to talk o
war, not of peace; for it would
take a war of aggression and con
quest to destroy those govern
ments, at least in the foreseeable
future. Consequently, our mora
"I'm Fine, Thanki, But I Hear You're In Bad Shape"
R +-a t -
a -nom ,,,,.,swacss.a. Purr ....
WITH DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON - During the early days of the long-drawn-out
steel strike negotiations, Assistant Secretary of Defense Anna
Rosenberg was urging that the crisis be solved by giving the steel
industry a price increase. She wanted to know why this wasn't
"You can increase prices all right," replied Price Stabilizer Ellis
Arnall. "You can increase 'em if you want to wreck the country.
"Yes, you can increase 'em all right," he added very softly,
"but you'll have to get yourselves a new price administrator."
Last week steel prices were increased as a "bribe" to the steel
industry, and, as a result, Mr. Truman is going to have to get himself
a new price administrator.
Arnall will carry out his threat without any shouting or bombast
-in fact, just as softly as he gave his reply to Assistant Secretary
Rosenberg. He doesn't blame the President for caving in to the steel
companies in view of the desperate arms situation, and he doesn't
want to embarrass anyone. Nevertheless, Arnall has concluded that
you can't control prices, if you yield every time you get in a tight
"Under the present law there are just two things left for the
price administrator to do," Arnall told a friend recently. "If the
price is too low he can remove a commodity from price control,
or if the price is too high, he can cave in."
Arnall is tired of caving in as a result of pressure from above, so
about the end of the summer he will unobtrusively go back to Georgia.
THE PERSON who has more influence on Harry Truman than any-
one else, told him just before the convention that she would not
be too much opposed if he ran again. Hitherto Bess Truman had been
one of the chief reasons why HST hadn't wanted to run. Another
was daughter Margaret . . . . Mrs. India Edwards, vice-chairman of
the Democratic National Committee, received an offer from the Eisen-
hower camp to come over to the Republicans. She declined. She wasn't
inetrested personally, and besides, the Republicans didn't even give
the ladies a nominating speech for the vice-presidency, whereas the
girls had quite a fling at the Democratic convention . . . . Both Mrs.
Edwards and Judge Sarah Hughes of Dallas had their names put up,
in addition to which one whole day was devoted to the ladies .
Stanley High, who ghost-wrote FDR's famed speech on "economic
royalists," is now ghost-writing speeches for Eisenhower. Once a great
Ike fan, the President now privately calls him an ingrate. He is par-
ticularly sore at Eisenhower's claim that he had nothing to do with
carving up Germany. Real fact is that the Pentagon has some papers
signed by Eisenhower showing that Ike did have a lot to do with
carving up Germany. These will be used-if and when the campaign
gets really hot.
TRUMAN'S SENATE OPPONENT
IT LOOKS AS IF President Truman might repeat his propensity for
y picking the wrong candidate in Missouri. So far he hasn't picked
First he bet his money against Congressman Roger Slaughter
of Kansas City and lost. Later he bet against ex-Congressman
Tom Hennings for the Senate and lost.
Now he is betting against his old assistant, Stuart Symington,
who is running in the Missouri primary against the President's
choice, State Attorney General J. E. Taylor.
A lot of people have been puzzled regarding Truman's opposition
to Symington, a man who worked long and loyally for the adminis-
tration, first as Secretary for Air, later as Chairman of the National
Security Resources Board, finally as head of the RFC.
Symington's difficulties with the White House date back to
the days when he brought Charles E. Wilson into the administra-
tion as defense mobilizer. Symington had suggested Wilson for
the job, and went up to New York to urge him to take it. Wilson,
he planned, would be an independent operator, and he, Symngton,
would continue with his vitally important chairmanship of the
National Security Resources Board.
However, it turned out just the other way. Symington found him-
self working under Wilson, the man he appointed. Wilson got the
White House to issue an executive order making Symington his sub-
The President probably didn't realize that he had undercut his
own man. The deal was put across by subordinates. Anyway, he later
shifted Symington over to clean up the RFC scandals and this was
where Symington made his political error.
He let the chips fall where they may. When the Senate wanted
information on such sensitive matters as Donald Dawson, a former
RFC official now working at the White House; and on the Presi-
dent's private stenographer, Mrs. Merl Young of mink-coat fame,
Symington released the true facts.
It was then that White House aides began gunning for him.
Their nickname for him was "Little Lord Fauntleroy." Symington,
they implied, was too pure.
It's difficult for any President not to be influenced by the palace
guard, and Truman undoubtedly was affected by the constant anti-
Symington pin-pricking of the Dawsons, the Connellys, and the
It will be interesting to see what happens if and when Symington
comes back to Washington nexte
fall as a full-fledged senator from
* * *
CAPITAL CHA FFFFiat xl
it'rt i F1 i71N7 TrlWZy
SENATOR KEFAUVER has gone
down to a Tennessee farm
where he is swimming, relaxing,
and trying to read some books. He
hasn't been able to sleep at night
for thinking how he could have
handled his campaign differently
-and, if so, won ... Secretary of
State Dean Acheson was flabber-
gasted at Brazilian hospitality.
His host at Sao Paulo, Jorge Pra-
do, built a glass wall costing $25,-
000 around his garden just for
the party he gave in honor of
Acheson. The wall was to permit
guests to enjoy the garden while
the public was kept out .
(Copyright, 1952, by The Bell Syndicate)
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board In. Control of
Leonard Greenbaum Managing Editor
Ivan Kaye and Bob Margolin
Nan Reganal.......... Women's Editor
Joyce Fickles ............ Night Editor
Harry Lunn :..........Night Editor
Marge Shepherd .......... Night Editor.
Virginia Voss ............Night Editor
Mike Wolff............Night Editor
Tom rreeger. .. Business Manager
0. A Mitts ...... Advertising Manager
Jim Miller....... Finance Manager
framed by Mr. Swander, presup-
t poses that the existence of a Com-
f munist Party in the U.S. is a
threat to the American democratic
tradition. This we fail to see.
There have been Communists in
e this country since the time of the
l Civil War, and far from having
,mrnet+i,+ia. +hreat t Americran