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August 02, 1952 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1952-08-02

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CHOOSING THE
CAMPAIGN AIDES
See Page 2

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Latest Deadline in the State

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CLOUDY WITH RAIN

VOL. LXII, No. 199 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, AUGUST 2, 1952

FOURPAGES

Stevenson Names
WyttManager
National Campaign Headquarters
Will Be Organized at Springfield
By The Associated Press
Gov. Adlai E. Stevenson, Democratic Presidential nominee, named
Wilson Wyatt of Louisville, Ky., his personal campaign manager
yesterday.
Wyatt announced at a news conference that national campaign
headquarters will be in Springfield. He said it marks the first time
the party's campaign headquarters have not been in Washington.
"SINCE THE campaign obviously must be directed by Governor
Stevenson, the headquarters will be here and mine will be too," he
said.
Wyatt, 46, Ex-Mayor of Louisville, was National Housing Ex-

* * *
Ikse thinks
*World Peace
Main Issue
DEN VER-M')-Gen. Dwight D.
Eisenhower declared yesterday
r~ that development of a sound pro-
gram for world peace overrides all
the issues of the Presidential cam-
Lpaign.
And the Republican nominee for
Sthe White House said it is his ob-
jective to create such a program.
w AT THIS first news conference
since he was nominated July 11,
the General pledged that he and
his running mate, Sen. Richard
t M. Nixon, of California, will con-
;,duct, an intensive, fighting cam-
paign in all the "nooks and cran-
nies of the United States."
The campaign probably will
get under way about Sept. 1,
aEisenhower added.
He met with newsmen as his
campaign high command was ar-
riving in Denver for a strtegy
huddle with the General ye ter-
". day.
Those scheduled to sit in at the
conference-the first big get-to-
gether since he won the nomina-
tion-included Nixon and Arthur
E. Summerfield, the new chair-
man of the GOP National Com-
mittee. Summerfield also is serv
ing as Eisenhower's campaign
manager.
z AT THE news conference, Eis-
enhower also:
1. Said he plans to pay close
attention to his political advis-
ors, but he added "there can be
no other boss of this campaign
than Eisenhower himself." He
said the party's National Con-
vention had handed him that
responsibility when it chose him
the Republican standard bearer.
2. Stressed that he regards it
t just as important for the Repub-
licans to capture control of Con-
gress from the Democrats in the
v See IKE, Page 4
Michigan Polio
Cases Reach
High to Date
LANSING,(I) -- Michigan's in-
fantile paralysis case load to date
is ahead of any other previous
year, the State Health Depart-
ment said yesterday.
The Department said 145 new
cases were reported during the
past week. This compares with 70
cases the same week a year ago,
41 cases during the week in 1950
and 168 cases during the peak
year of 1949.
THE COUNT for the year now
rstands at 370 cases. There were
273 cases during the same period
last year, 224 cases during the
same months in 1950 and 318 cases
during the period in 1949.
This is still no proof, the de-
partment said, that this will be
an epidemic year despite the
high count. As yet, the depart-'
ment advised, the count only in-
dicates that the disease might be
reaching its peak early this year.
* Meanwhile, Washtenaw coun-
ty's 18th case of polio for 1952 was
*reported to the County Healthl

pediter in 1946-1947. He was Na-
tional Chairman of Americans
for Democratic Action in 1947.
Wyatt said his appointment was
made after Stevenson consulted
with his running mate, Sen. John
Sparkman of Alabama, who con-
curred.
Wyatt said that Stevenson and
Sparkman are going to conduct a
"very aggressive and militant
campaign."
* * *
IN WASHINGTON Sen. John J.
Sparkman of Alabama, Democratic
Nominee for Vice President, re-
fused yesterday to be pinned down,
by a Negro Congress member on
his stand on specific civil rights
issues. .
Sparkman made public a tele-
gram to Rep. Adam C. Powell,
Jr. (D-NY), promising to "work
whole-heartedly for the Dem-
ocratic program" but parrying
the Harlem Negro's questions
about specific civil rights issues
with a declaration:
"As an experienced legislator you
will understand, I am sure, that
no one can properly give blanket
assurance in advance as to his ac-
tion on any and every measure.'
Sen. Moody (D-Mich), a lead-
er of the Democratic convention
fight to exact pledges of party
loyalty from all state delega-
tions, denied meanwhile that he
had sought by this device to
drive Southern Democrats from
the party.
In Kansas City, Frank E. Mc-
Kinney reiterated last night he
does not choose to remain as Dem-
ocratic National Chairman and
said he would discuss party affairs
with Gov. Stevenson, the nominee
for President in about a week.
STEVENSON yesterday invited
three of the men he defeated for
the presidential nomination to
confer with him about campaign
plans.
Invitations to parleys at the
Governor's Mansion went to
Sen. Kefauver, Sen. Richard
Russell'of Georgia and Averell
Harriman.
William I. Flanagan, the Gov-
ernor's Press Secretary, said Ke-
fauver plans to come to Spring-
field some time after Thursday's
election in Tennessee.
Wyatt said the campaign head-
quarters will work in "close asso-
ciation" with the Democratic Na-
tional Committee. He emphasized
that direction of the campaign
ious Presidential campaigns, Wy-
att said:
"I don't think it will be a less-
er role. It will be a different
one."
See STEVENSON, Page 4

Stabilization
Heads See
HighPrices
Food Costs Soar
To New Record
WASHINGTON-( P)-The gov-
ernment's stabilization chiefs
grimly predicted even higher prices
last night in the wage of a Labor
Department report that food costs
have soared to a new record.
Economic Stabilization Director
Roger L. Putnam directly blamed
Republicans. At the same time he
accused the steel industry of hold-
ing "a gun at the Government's
head" to get the steel price in-
crease which he said will be a fac-
tor in a coming general rise.
* * *
PRICE STABILIZER Ellis Ar-
nall said the food price report
"clearly shows what the public can
expect" and added that it is "a
strong argument against those si-
See story on food cost increase
on Page 4.
ren voices among the business
community who have been telling
Congress and the people that the
need for concern about the cost
of living is over."
Arnall discussed the outlook
in an interview. Putnam's views
were recorded for a radio broad-
cast on the CBS program "Cap-
itol Cloakroom."
Both officials based their re-
marks mainly on the Bureau of
Labor Statistics food price re-
port which indicated strongly that
a new peak in general living costs
will appear in a report due later
this month.
"There's n question that the
cost of living is going to rise some-
what and that the 82nd Congress
(only recently adjourned) did curb
our program," Putnam said.
"THERE'S just no question that
the Republican Party was voting
to cripple controls. The Democrats
were fighting to keep the power
of controls where they're needed."
In his haymaker swing at the
steel industry over the $5.20 per
ton price increase that accompan-
ied settlement of the 55-day steel
strike last week, the Economic
Stabilizer asserted:
"They insisted on special treat-
ment. They would not produce
steel until a price increase was
given. They held a gun at the Gov-
ernment's head."
NYC Strike
Threatened
WASHINGTON - (P) - The
chiefs of four big operating rail
unions got word last night of a
strike vote authorizing a walkout
tomorrow morning of all operating
employes on the New York Cen-
tral lines east of Buffalo, it was
learned here.
J. P. Shields, head of the engi-
neers, confirmed from his Cleve-
land headquarters that he had re-
ceived a telegram from his local
union leaders that the walkout,
over working rules grievances, has
been scheduled for early tomor-
row morning. He said chiefs of
the other three brotherhoods-the
trainmen, the firemen and con-
ductors - had received similar
notices from their local leaders in
New York.

Late Scores
AMERICAN LEAGUE
St. Louis 2, New York 1
Boston 3, Detroit 1
Washington 3, Chicago 1
NATIONAL LEAGUE
Chicago 6, Brooklyn 1
New York 7, Pittsburgh 3
St. Louis 10, Philadelphia 5
Cincinnati 2, Boston 0
Government
Allots Steel
For Defense
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-Impact of the
steel strike on civilian produc-
tion began to clarify yesterday as
the government earmarked a big
share of new steel output "for de-
fense only."
The National Production Auth-
ority directed each mill to reserve
a fixed percentage of its output
for the armed forces, the atomic
program and machine tools-up to
100 per cent of capacity in the
cast of steel suitable for shells and
armor plating.
* * *
BUT THE AUTO industry, for
example, expected to be not too
seriously hit, provided NPA does
not enlarge its list of priority cus-
tomers.
Most makers of household ap-
pliances and other consumer
items should fare reasonably well
also, once the interrupted ship-
ments are resumed.
This is because the military set-
,aside is smaller than many had
feared-generally 16 per cent or
less-for the types of sheet and
strip steel most widely used in con-
sumer good factories.
But NPA administrator Henry
H. Fowler has warned that "thous-
ands" of civilian plants may have
to close and lay off workers tem-
porarily because their steel sup-
plies, depleted by the 54-day strike,
will run out before new shipments
arrive.
OFFICIALS said they could not
foretell how soon or where shut-
downs will occur. That will de-
pend on the amount of steel on
hand in each plant and the rate
at which it is used up.
The boiler industry notified
NPA that some manufacturers
of heating boilers must close
down shortly. This, it was point-
ed out, would stall the comple-
tion of schools, hospitals, and
other large construction proj-
ects.
Generally, however, NPA fore-
saw no serious drop in the volume
of construction activity scheduled
for this year-about 32 billion dol-
lars worth.
Yesterday's set-aside order ap-
plies to steel mill shipments after
October 1, for which the mills now
are filling up their order books.
. * *
CHICAGO Inland Steel Co., one
of the nation's six largest steel
producers, and the United Steel-
workers Union (CIO) yesterday
announced full agreement on a
new two-year contract. J
This was the first complete
agreement signed in the basic
steel industry since the steel
strike ended last week.
In Pittsburgh, Philip Murray,
USW President, said negotiations
with U.S. Steel are progressing
smoothly and that he expects a
similar agreement "possibly by
next Tuesday."

Allies Hold Strategic Hill
Under Heavy Red Attacks

REPAIRS
DREN

-Daly-Matty Kessler
ON CITY BUILDINGS AND NEW PLAYGROUND FACILITIES FOR ANN ARBOR CHIL-
ARE TWO OF THE REASONS ADVANCED FOR AMUSEMENT TAX APPROVAL.
*M k * k * * * *

City u dget Head Explains Tax Needs

By VIRGINIA VOSS
City Budget Director Lauren J.
Jedele yesterday called for a "yes"
vote on the ten per cent amuse-
ment tax amendment in order co
make future budgets flexible
enough to cover needed improve-
ments in Ann Arbor facilities.
Though the 1952-53 budget Is
better balanced than in past
West German.
Treaty Passed
By Commons
LOTDON-W)-The House of
Commons approved yesterday rat-
ification of the Allied contracts
granting West Germany almost
complete sovereignty and provid-
ing for her to rearm in the West-
ern defense setup.
Prime Minister Churchill's Con-
servatives won one of their big-
gest victories over Labor opposi-
tion in pushing through House ap-
proval of the ratification 293-253.
The United States already has
ratified the peace contract,
which will replace the occupa-
tion statutes now governing West
Germany, and the question is
pending in the parliaments of
France and Germany. The con-
tract becomes effective only aft-
er all four nations have ratified
it.
In the blanket vote. Commons
also approved the Allied European
Defense Community (EDC) Trea-
ty, permitting West German troops
to join with those of France, Italy,
Belgium, the Netherlands and
Luxembourg. Britain is to go to
the aid of any of these countries
in case of an attack.

years, he pointed out, "it wouldn't
be flexible if further expansions
had been included on it."
* *, *
JEDELE explained the need for
the new tax in terms of the im-
possibility of expanding present
sources of city income.
Ann Arbor presently derives
most of its finances from two
main sources: the property tax
and the city's share of state
taxes.
The property tax, which is this
year supplying almost a third of
the $1,886,194 budget require-
ments, is restricted by a 'compar-
atively low 7%/ mill tax limitation,
Jedele said. Therefore, the only
method of getting additional rev-
enue from this source is raising
assessments.
In the past ten years, Jedele
said that the city has found it
necessary to use the 712 mill tax
to the limit.
THE OTHER major source of
city funds-state taxes- has in-
creased this year, but will not go
up in the near future to meet
probable rises in the cost of liv-
ing, Jedele said.
Revenue from state intangi-
bles tax and the weight and gas-
Three States
Put on Drought
Disaster List
WASHINGTON-(iP)-The sun-
baked states of Massachusetts,
Maine and South Carolina were
added to the Agriculture Depart-
ment's drought disaster list yes-
terday.
Nine more counties in Arkansas,
scorched by blazing summer skies,
also qualified for emergency help.
THE AGRICULTURE Depart-
ment's action opens the way for
farmers in the stricken territory
to seek millions of dollars in Fed-
eral aid to buy cattle feed, keep
their herds intact and finance the
planting of new crops.
Some relief for the drought
belt was 4promised by the U.S.
Weather Bureau in its 30-day
outlook for August, but the bu-
reau said "total rainfall amounts
for the month will not generally
exceed seasonal normals."
The outlook, issued yesterday,
-predicted normal temperatures ex-
cept in the western half of the
nation and the deep South, where
it will be slightly hotter than
usual. "Subnormal rainfall is pre-
dicted for the Great Plains, West
Gulf States and Rocky Moun-
tains," the Bureau said, "but sub-
stantial showers are expected in a
belt extending fromArizona north-{

oline tax is distributed on a pop-
ulation basis. Jedele pointed
out that since the last cen-
sus upped the local population
level by including students, the
city income from the state has
increased.
"However the census is taken
only once every ten years," the
budget director said, "and in three
or four years the budget will be
tight" if living costs increase with-
out a tax remedy.
Besides the amusement tax,
Jedele said the only other source
of revenue considered by the City
Council to alleviate the income
restrictions was a payroll tax.
However, he mentioned that this
method was voted down by a Sag-
inaw court.
* * ,**
PLANNED CITY improvements
which the amusement tax will fi-
nance if it is passed are: an addi-
tion to the municipal garage,
which is only budgeted for a third
of its cost; a bond-financed Fire
Station, personnel for which
must be paid by the new tax: and
possible city wage increases, which
will be needed if living costs rise.
Other uses for the tax yet
worked out in detail are the de-
velopment of recreational fa-
cilities and city hall expansion.
Such improvements -as storm
sewer construction, garbage col-
lection and street surfacing will
not come under the proposed
amusement tax, Jedele said. The
state allows the city to tax over
and above the 7%/ mill property
tax for such purposes.
World .News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
Dies Wins Seat.
AUSTIN, Tex-Martin Dies yes-
terday was declared the winner of
Texas' new seat in Congress.
* * . *
Prison Riot .
MONTREAL-At least one
prisoner was killed and another
wounded last night as 700 in-
mates of Montreal's Bordeaux
jail, staging the third riot in
three months, clashed with 50
carloads of heavily-armed police.
* * *
Pearson Wins . .
WASHINGTON-Charles Pat-
rick Clark, attorney, was convicted
today of taking a punch at Daily
columnist Drew Pearson.
Clark had been charged with
assaulting Pearson in the lobby of
the Mayflower Hotel June 18.
4, , ,*

Chinese Fire
Blasts Away
At Old Bald
Prisoner Issue
Still Halts Truce
SEOUL, Saturday-(P)-Deter
mined Allied infantrymen held
grimly to the crest of Old Baldy
today despite a heavy barrage of
Chinese artillery and mortar fire.
A United Nations officer said
about 3,000 rounds blasted the
strategic hill on Korea's western
front yesterday and today. He de-
scribed the situation as "delicate."
It was the second straight day
of heavy Red artillery fire.
* * *
MEANWHILE Allied and Com-
munist staff officers meet at Pan-
munjom Saturday for one more
effort to complete agreement on
the wording of a Korean truce
document before the main delega-
tions again take up prisoner ex-
changes tomorrow.
In a week of disussions, the
staff officers have cleared up
several minor points of phras-
ing. But the basic issue of pris-
oner exchange remains un-
changed.
After a 65-minute stagl session
yesterday, Col. Duncan Somer-
ville, staff negotiator, said the "in-
tent and implementation" of the
paragraph on prisoners remained
unsettled.
The Allied command is firm in
its position that it will not return
any prisoner to the Communist
side against his will.
SWIFT jet fighter planes re-
newed the air war high over North
Korea yesterday. Fifth Air Force
pilots said they destroyed three
Red MIG-15s and damaged two
others.
The air duel marked the first
jet battle in nine days. Nearly
100 other planes protected U.S.
Second Division infantrymen on
Old Baldy.
The MIGs were destroyed in a
10-minute battle when M-86 Sa-
bre Jets attacked 60 MIGs near
the Yalu River.
The air force said Allied pilots
ran up a score of 32-2 in jet bat-
tles during July. Seventeen othe
Allied planes were lost to Red
ground fire and other causes.
* * *
ALLIED infantrymen on Old
Baldy were digging in hurriedly
to prepare their positions against
a possible Chinese counterattack.
The Reds attacked twice last
night with 50 men, but both as-
saults were hurled back.
An abrupt end to six days of
steady rain opened the way for the
renewal of air warfare and the
recapture of Old Baldy in a 12-
hour battle.
Bayonet-wielding Second Divi-
sion infantrymen drove 200 Chi-
nese off the crest, but the Reds
clung to an adjoining ridge line.
Most Allied planes and artil-
lery concentrated on Red artil-
lery which zeroed in accurately
on Old Baldy. The Reds fired
3,800 rounds in 24 hours.
Under this protective cover
American infantrymen w o r k e d
feverishly, digging deep bunkers
in the rain-soaked red clay.
Restrictions
Anger Russia

BERLIN -(P)- Russia charged
last night that restrictions im-
posed on trade between East and
West Germany by the big three
western occupying powers violate
the 1949 agreement ending the
Soviet blockade of Berlin.
The charge was made in a let-
ter from General of the Army Vas-
sily Chuikov, Soviet Commander
in Germany, to the three western
high commissioners. Chuikov de-

DEMOCRAT STATE CHAIRMAN:

Politics Keeps Neil Staebler Moving

4;

By HARRY LUNN
An interest in non-partisan politics has led Neil Staebler to an
active career as Democratic state chairman.
During the thirties Staebler and a group of friends who were
alarmed at the lack of voter interest in political matters formed the
Citizens' Council here. It still flourishes today, doing the important
service of educating the voters.
* *A * *
IN THE EARLY PART of the war, he served with the Office of
Price Administration and was alarmed "at the amount of influence
certain pressure groups had as contrasted with the influence of the
wider public interest."
Following two years of service in the Navy, he came back to
civilian life with the theory that a person can spend a moderate
amount of time in political work and still keep up his business
responsibilities.
Today he finds that he is spending eight to 10 hours a day on his
political duties, and has had to give up this notion. However, he
fi+m tr t ,ir _> .4-.n- F +..-_ _ .+.. _ - r+f- t. nrFin-- .. lii. +

* * * ,

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