THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, AUGUST 1, 1952
I__ __ __ ___ __ __ ___ __ __ ___ __ __ __ ___ __ __ ___ __ __ ___ __ __ ___ _---__
By LEONARD GREENBAUM
The Trucks Act ...
HE DECISION by the United States
TCourt of Appeal upholding Michigan's
Trucks Act was an unfortunate encourage-
ment of the attempt to fight Communism
through irrational and unqualified laws.
As represented in most papers, the act
is merely a registration law aimed at
Communists-seemingly an eye-opener in
order to place the Reds above the table
where everyone can see them whenever
Actually, however, the bill is much more
devious than that, and potontially endan-
gers not Communists threatening to over-
throw the government, but Americans sus-
pected of being Communists (for some, any-
one who didn't vote for Bob Taft). Under
the act "Communist sympathizers" and
members of "Communist front" organiza-
tions must register with the State Police.
The definition as to who falls into such cat-
egories however, is neither specifically de-
fined, nor is it specifically delegated to any
one office for definition.
The name of anyone who registers will
be available to the public where indefinite
criteria are easily transformed into general
accusatiors and spontaneous action. And
any state employee who is suspected by his
boss or a superior of being a Communist can
be fired. Also under the Bill, the Communist
Party has been denied a place on the ballot,
the constitutional means of effecting a
change in government. Even the Socialist
Workers Party, which is the avowed enemy
of the CP, has been kicked oof the ballot by
the action of one .man, the Secretary of
The potential misuses of the act are num-
erous and the possibility of its extension
threatening to the basic concepts of democ-
racy. In its present form the Trucks Act,
to quote the dissenting Judge Theodore Le-
vin, "would create a situation familiar in
totalitarian countries-the stifling of free
inquiry into political ideas. - -
The decision upholding the Act is not yet
final pending appeal to the United States
Supreme Court. It is also possible for State
courts to rule specific parts as unconstitu-
tional when they are challenged in indi
vidual cases. In the public mind, however,
the case against the suspected Communist
is that much stronger once enhanced by a
Dartmouth Theta Chi-.-.
THOUGH THE UNIVERSITY'S Inter-fra-
ternity Council and the president. of the
local chapter of Theta Chi had nothing to
say about their brothers up at Dartmouth,
the Ivy Leaguers deserve a loud applause for
bucking the racial discrimination fostered
by their national organization.
The Dartmouth chapter took the step
that fraternities on this campus claim
they cannot afford because of financial
and other reasons. They gave up all ties
with the national.
For them there were few complications.
They informed the national that they
would no longer abide by the racial clause.
The national informed the chapter that its
charter was revoked. The fraternity is now
in the process of being reorganized as a lo-
cal. Financially they might be in for a few
difficulties, but on the long forgotten ideal-
istic front they shouldn't have any trouble
As for this campus, the anti-discrimina-
tion movement following two vetoes by
the University's presidents is still behind
the times though it is getting up some sup-
port from within the ranks of the fra-
ternities themselves. Several houses suc-
cessfully broke the religious barrier this
past year, while others are seriously peti-
tioning their nationals to abolish bias
clauses. The current President of the In-
ter-fraternity Council reportedly plans to
push the "Acacia Proposal," the gradual
educational plan to bring the remaining
disinterested discriminators around to a
more democratic outlook.
Frankly, with the outside pressure of Stu-
dent Legislature having been removed once
and for all, the sincere people within the
IFC are going to have an almost impossible
job. The atmosphere on this campus, unlike
that at Dartmouth, has been more for leav-
ing things be than for changing them.
The Ca*paign Speech. .
THE NEED for a revised approach to poli-
ticking is becoming increasingly evident
as the local and national elections approach.
In the attempt to win votes, candidates and
their supporters (of both parties and on all
levels) are resorting to the age old cliches,
the meaningless charges and the empty
A flick of the radio switch, a glance at
the newspapers, is enough to fill any vot-
er with cries of "socialism," "communism,"
and "fascism." These are backed up with
"clean out the crooks" and "Back to Mc-
Kinley." On the positive side are the cries
that "my man has- the experience and the
record." "He owes nothing to anyone,"
and "moreover has the right combination
of integrity, morality, honesty and pluck."
For more specific examples, one need only
look at the morning dispatches covering the
campaigns of candidates in the State of
Rep. "Chuck," Potter aspiring to the
United States Senate called the Federal
Grants in Aid program the product of so-
cialist philosophies, while another Senate
candidate Clifford A. Prevost charged that
"A small group of willful men backing Pot-
ter is spending vast sums of money to elect
a rubber stamp senator with Fascist views."
Former Gov. Harry Kelly, speaking on
behalf of Lt. Gov. William Vandenberg, said
that "He is fully and honorably equipped
... and will end the fiscal chaos and con-
fusion in Lansing."
Fred M. Alger, another candidate for
governor charged that hidden pressure
groups, foremost among them the Michi-
gan Temperance Foundation, are ma-
nipulating !-hind the political scenes.
"Letters clearly indicate," he said, "that
this group expects co-operation from its
pet candidate and that he might possibly
be obligated to revive the horrors of pro-
All this adds up to a clear picture for the
voter. He can take his choice, but of what,
he can not be exactly sure.
THE UNIVERSITY is to be commended
for its outstanding summer program
"Modern Views of Man and Society" which
has proved an extremely worthwhile addi-
tion to the summer curriculum. The pro-
gram committee including the chairman,
Prof. Richard C. Boys of the English de-
partment, Prof. George A. Satter of the
Psychology department and Prof.. Frank
Grace of the political science department
is to be complimented for the varied and
Nearly all of the speakers have been
excellent and the special courses ar-
ranged have proved successful. In addi-
tion, the various extra exhibits and mu-
sical programs all added insight into re-
cent experiments and developments in
art, literature and music.
It is all too easy in this age of industrial
emphasis to concentrate wholly on techni-
cal education. But a University is more than
a place to learn a better way of making a
living. It must also put considerable em-
phasis on the great philosophical concepts
and the important moral codes by which
man has sought to order his life and reach
In providing such a program as "Modern
Views of Man and Society" the University
has indeed shown its greatdinterest in the
field of humanities and deserves thanks
from the summer session students who have
enjoyed a rich experience in participating
in the program.
A Clean House,
WASHINGTON-Gov. Adlai Stevenson is
being urged to exercise his traditional
right to organize his own campaign in such
a manner that it will proclaim his intention
of cleaning house in Washington.
Stevenson got out from under the Tru-
man. label very neatly at Chicago, hard as
his public indecision was on the nerves of
his supporters. In the selection of Senator
Sparkman for Vice-President he adver-
tised his desire to conciliate North and
South, liberal and conservative.
He was still to face the corruption issue.
His choice of political aides will speak louder
than any words of his can possibly do about
what a Stevenson administration can ac-
complish in this field.
One chance was missed when Senator Ke-
1auver, symbol of the battle of right against
wrong, was passed over for veep. This was
not necessarily a mistake for either Steven-
son or Kefauver.
It is still true that Senator Kefauver was
widely approved over the country, as his
primary successes prove. A substitute for
the honesty issue which he represented in
the minds of the people is urgently required
by the Democrats.
Other Democrats than Kefauver, of
course, were active in fighting corruption
in government-Senators Bill Fulbright
and Mike Monroney for example, who
were also considered for the vice presi-
dency, and Rep. King. It so happens that
Senator Sparkman's special interests were
elsewhere-in foreign relations, the prob-
lems of small business, and the economic
Governor Stevenson said at Chicago that
he, simply was not prepared to. deal with
campaign problems immediately. Hence his
request to National Chairman Frank Mc-
Kinney to remain temporarily.
The candidate has no political obligations
to McKinney. On the contrary the chairman
joined with various senators and cabinet
members, Jim Farley and Leslie Biffle, to
put across Vice President Barkley.
There is controversy also about McKin-
ney's role in the credentials fight. Loyal-
ist delegations from Texas and Mississippi
think they had a commitment from Pres-
ident Truman for support which the
Chairman did not honor.
McKinney, an Indianapolis banker, was
brought hurriedly to Washington last year
when William M. Boyle resigned after his
role in some RFC matters was questioned.
A long-time associate of the since-deposed
Indiana national committeeman, Frank Mc-
Hale, McKinney has been a political foe of
Indiana's Gov. Henry Schricker.
Governor Schricker was conominator of
Governor Stevenson for president and has
consented to run for the Senate against the
Republican incumbent, William Jenner. It
is understood here that Schricker wants
His argument: No Democrat except
himself has been elected in Indiana lately
to important office nor did McHale-M-
Kinney and company carry the state for
the Democratic president since 1936.
Therefore, McKinney can't be such a keen
The fact is that Democratic headquarters
here has not been strongly organized to help
deserving Democrats but to repel the greedy
and corrupt since James A. Farley managed
it so superbly. Mr. Roosevelt was his own
principal politicker after Farley left. Presi-
dent Truman has been notably ill-served by
a succession of chairmen whose major inter-
ests either lay elsewhere or who were ailing.
*,UfS- Ulm, a LO PEV
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
A Streamliner & the Truce Talks
The Daily Official Bulletin ioyan
official publication o the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the1
University. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3510
.Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceding publication (11 a.m.
All applicants for the Doctorate who
are planning to take the August prelim-t
inary examinations in Education, to be
held from 9:00 a.m.'to 12:00 N. August,
18, 19 and 20, 1952, will please notify the,
Chairman of the Committee on Gradu-,
ate Studies in Education, Room 4019C
University High School, immediately.I
Department of Astronomy. visitors'
Night, Friday, August 1, 8:30 p.m. Dr.
Freeman D. Miller will speak on "Fall-I
Ing Through the Universe." After the
illustrated lecture it 3017 Angell Hall,
the Students' Obseratory on the fifthI
floor will be open for telescopic ob-
servation of a star cluster and a doble
star, if the sky is clear, or for inspec-
tion of the telescopes and planetarium,
if the sky is cloudy. Children are wel-
come, but must be accompanied by
Annual Masters Breakfast: MciganI
Union Ballroom, 9 o'clock Sunday
morning August 3. Invitations to be
the guests of the University have been
sent to studentswhose addresses are
available. Students who are complet-
ing work for the Master's Degree but
who may not have received an invita-
tion should call at the Summer Session
Office, 3510 Administration Building.
for tickets. A few tickets are available
at $1.25 for friends of the students.
The Kimberly-Clark Corporation, Nee-
nah, Wisconsin, has a number of po-
sitions to be filled: Trainees in cost
accounting, industrial engineering, per-
sonnel (male), manufacturing (pro-
duction), sales. Also for design engi-
neers, (mechanical, electrical, civil);
Research Engineers (Chemical engi-
neers-chemists) and Clerical positions.
The Young Women's Christian Asso-
ciation, Detroit, Michigan, has two
openings on its staff for young wome,
one for a person with a Bachelor's de-
gree in Health Education the other for
someone with her Master's degree.
Work would be with young employed
girls and young married women in the
The Aro Equipment Corporation, Bry-
an, Ohio, has a position in the organ-
ization for office manager. Duties will
be supervising an office force of ap-
proximately 15 people. Some office ex-
perience is required and a commercial
teacher who desires to make a perma-
nent change into business would be
eligible. Full information on this po-
sitlon may be had by coming to the
Bureau of Appointments.
The Industrial Relations Center of
the University of Chicago has openings
for several Conference Leadership
Training Consultants. This work in-
volves a training program, requires a
Bachelor's degree, must be man, and
requires both social and intellectual
skill and flexibility. Training in socio-
ogy, psychology, education, or group
work business or industrial experience.
and experience or training in mak-
ing and writing up interviews and ob-
servations are also helpful qualifica-
Bourns Laboratories, Riverside, Cali-
fornia has a need for design and prod-
uct engineers (ME or EE or Electron-
ics). They prefer persons in engineer-
ing honorary societies and can get
military deferments for men, company
manufactures airplane instruments.
will pay expenses of moving out to
The Detroit Edison Company is cur-
rently in need of a young women with
a chemistry major or physics major
with chemistry minor to be employed
as a laboratory technician for its re-
Montgomery Ward, Chicago, Illinois,
is interested in hearing from returning
servicemen or August graduates who
would be available for employment in
the following fields: Merchandise or
Operating Trainees, Industrial Engi-
neers, Accounting Trainees, and Ac-
counting Trainees for women.
The Firestone Tire & Rubber Com-
pany, Akron, Ohio, has openings in
the organization for retail salesmen,
Office and credit men, and outside
salesmen. They are interested in hear-
ing from August men who would like
to join the company. Application blanks
are available at the Bureau of Appoint-
For additional information, details,
application blanks, and interview ap-
pointments come to the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, or call extension 371.
Student Recital. Phares Steiner, grad-
uate student of organ with Robert
Noehren, will present a program in
partial fulfillment of the requirements
for the Master of Music degree at 4:15
Friday afternoon, August 1, in Hill Au-
ditorium. It will include compositions
by Buxtehude, Bach, Vivaldi, Roger-
Ducasse and Messiaen. The general
public is invited.
Summer Session Choir, Harold Decker.
Conductor, will appear in a concert at
8:30 Friday evening, August 1, in Hill
Auditorium, to which the public is in-
vited. The first half of the program
will include Three Psalms by Nor-
mand Lockwood, Ave Maria by Jean
Mouton, Be Glad Then America by
Williams Billings; Czechoslovakian Folk
Song arranged by Deems Taylor, Shep-
herds' Song by Melville Smith, and The
Bluebird and Jubilant Song by Norman
Dello Jo. After intermission the choir
will sing Bach's Cantata No. 4, Christ
Lay in Death's Dark Prison.
String Quartet Class, under the direc-
tion of Robert Courte, will present a
program in the Rackham Assembly Hall
at 4:15 Monday afternoon, August 4. It
will open with Vivaldi's L'Estro Armo-
nico in A major, followed by Mozart's
Quartet in D major, K. 575 Milhaud's
Quartet No. 4, and Brahms uartet In
A minor, Op. 51, No. 2. Students par-
ticipating are Alfred Boyington, James
Vandersall, Beatrix Lien and Yvonne
Schilla, violinists Walter Evich and
Daniel Barach, cellists; Charlotte Lew-
is and George Webber, cellists.
The general public Is invited.
Student Recital: Jewell Foster, pi-
anist, will be heard at 8:30 Monday eve-
ning, August 4, in the Architecture
Auditorium, in a program of works
by Bach, Beethoven, Schumann and
Ravel. Mr. Foster is a pupil of Mary
Fishburne, and his program, played in
partial fulfillment 'of the requirements
for the Bachelor of Music degree, will
be open to the public.
Museum of Art, Selections from the
General Library. Dictionaries.
Museum of Archaeology. Ancient
Egypt and Rome of the Empire.
Museums Building. Rotunda exhibit.
Some museum techniques.
MichiganHistorical Collections, 160
Rackham Building. The changing Cam-
Clements Library. American books
which have influenced the modern mind
(through September 1).
Architecture Building. Student work.
Final Graduate Mixer Dance of sum-
mer. Friday, August 1, 9-12 p.m. Music
by Earle Pearson, refreshments served.
Rackham Assembly Hall. Graduate stu-
dents and their friends invited.
Fresh Air Camp Clinic will be held
at the camp on Patterson Lake, Fri-
day, July 11, at 8:00 p.m. Dr. Rabiun-
vitch, Assoc. Prof. of Psychiatry: in
Charge of Children's Service, Neuro-
psychiatric Institute, will be the dis-
Motion Picture, Ausipcies of the Stu-
dent Legislature Cinema Guild:
Frederic March, Veronica Lake in "I
Married A Witch," Directed by Rene
Clair, Also The Documentary Film Clas-
sic, "The City," and Charlie Chaplin in
Complete shows start at 6:00, 7:15 and
9:30 p.m. Continuous showings.
There will be an informal record
dancerthis eveningin the League Ball-
room. Dancing is from 9 p.m. to mid-
night and the admission is free to stu-
Betsy Barbour Heat Wave, informal
dance on Friday, August 1, 9 till 12
p.m. Guests and friends of Betsy Bar-
bour invited. Jim Servis' Orchestra
S.R.A. Punch Hour, Lane Hall, 4:15-
5:30 p.m. All students invited.
Play, presented by the Department of
of Speech. Second Threshold, by Philip
Barry. 8:00 p.m., Lydia Mendelssohn
IN ANY system of philosophy, ex-
ponents of a more liberal balance
between the reasoning and unrea-
soning elements of a human per-
sonality are indubitably thwarted.
They pile logic upon logic in order
to reach the Supreme Fulcrum,
L..1 ..4 -U- .« .1, nom, 1 . . "I
/d WITH DREW PEARSON
WHY SUMMERFIELD SWITCHED
THOUGH THE Democrats probably got more publicity focused on
their hectic backstage wire-pulling than the Republicans, some of
the latter's deals are just coming to the surface.
One of them, sure to be denied, sheds light on why Arthur Sum-
merfield of Michigan, long a vigorous Taft supporter, switched over
to Eisenhower. Summerfield, a Ch'evrolet dealer, was under pressure
from General Motors to switch. But there was more to it than that
-according to the story told by Summerfield's close friend, Congress.
man Jesse Wolcott of Michigan.
Wolcott says that during the GOP discussion over seating
the Southern delegates, he got a frantic phone call from Summer.
field to come to Chicago. immediately.
Arriving in Chicago, Summerfield told him he was being pres-
sured by Tom Coleman, GOP leader in Wisconsin and Taft's floor
manager, to back Taft. He was also under pressure from Senator
Ferguson and Congressman Schafer of Michigan, likewise vigorous
On the other hand, General Motors, for whom he operated a
dealership, demanded 'that he support Eisenhower.
JOB IN IKE'S CABINET
THEREFORE, he asked Wolcott to act as a buffer-a sort of media-
tor indeciding the seating of the Southern delegates.
He also ;toldWolcott that, in return for supporting Ike, be
had been promised the right to fill one spot in the Eisenhower
cabinet, and he had chosen the Treasury Department. His choice
for Secretary of the Treasury, he said, would be Congressman
In relating this to friends, Wolcott has said that he did nt feel
qualified to be Secretary of the Treasury, though he was glad to help
Summerfield out, and did so.
His help came when Summerfield, after listening to the Georgia
delegates present their case, remarked that he wanted his friend
Congressman Wolcott to pass on 'the merits of the mgatter. Whereupon
Wolcott recommended a vote with the Eisenhower group. This helped
to take the heat off Summerfield, also showed that at least one prom-
inent Michigan Congressman was in Summerfield's corner.
In the end, it will be recalled that Summerfield switched
Michigan's big block of votes to Eisenhower, despite the fact that
at the Michigan state convention he had worked to block Eisen-
Note-Summerfield has 'already been rewarded by appointment
as GOP National Chairman. It will be interesting to see whether he
gets the selection of a man for Secretary of the Treasury too.
WHILE GOVERNOR STEVENSON was hanging back on the Chicago
draft, his sons were doing their best to push the draft.
One day, youngest son John Fell Stevenson turned up at the
draft-Stevenson headquarters at the Hilton Hotel wearing a "We need
Adlai badly" button as big as a flying saucer. Immediately Dr. Walter
Johnson, University of Chicago Professor who masterminded the draft,
grabbed him by the arm, pulled him into a room, and told him that
if he wanted to upset the draft this was the best way to do it. Young
Shortly thereafter, second son Borden Stevenson with some
young friends, arrived, all wearing Stevenson buttons. This time,
Johnson took them to the back stairway of the hotel and walked
them most of the way to the ground floor, for fear they would
be seen by the press.
"Can't we even come into the hotel?" asked one of the boy.
"Only if you go to Harriman or Russell headquarters," replied
Johnson. "And only if you take off those buttons."
He knew that if the newspapers showed the Stevenson boys as
part of the draft movement, eithef the public would think it was a
phony draft, or the Governor would get mad and call the whole
THE ItSIDE STORY of the bogged-down Korean truce talks is
that we have been impaled on our own figures-figures that we
issued boastfully at the time we were capturing Communists and
wanted to impress the enemy.
We announced to the world last December, for Instance, that
we held 20,699 Chinese. But now we have told the truce negotia-
tors that all we can' turn back is 6,400. This is chiefly because
the balance of the Chinese don't want to go back.
With North Korean prisoners, however, some of our army people
padded the figures by including some South Korean refugees with the
North Korean prisoners. Now, having announced them, they are stuck
with those figures. The Reds won't believe anything else.
Though an impression got out through the press that we were
only 9,000 prisoners apart in reaching an agreement, this is not
At the start of the talks, we estimated that about 101,000 pris-
oners could be returned. After careful screening, however, we said
only 72,000 could go back.
Meanwhile, the Communists demanded the return of 116,000.
Later we pushed our figure up to 85,000, while they brought their
figure down to 110,000. That's as close as we have ever come.
While the Reds' offer of 110,000 was only 9,000 more than our
original estimate of 101,000, it is still 27,000 more than we are willing
That's exactly where the truce talks are today. Another full-dress
session is scheduled for Sunday, Aug. 3.
(Copyright, 1952, by The Bell Syndicate)
By J. M. ROBERTS, JR.
Associated Press News Analyst
SIDELIGHT: A picture on the front page
of the New York Times of a tug, fly-
ing the U.S. flag, towing the brand new
French liner Flandre into port after a pow-
er :failure on her maiden voyage. Next col-
umn, a headline, "French imply loss of In-
dochina war if U.S. limits aid." Just below,
a headline, "Churchill slows rearmament
pace." Secretary Acheson said Congress just
didn't supply the money for foreign aid.
There are all sorts of temporary power
failures, but nobody doubts the eventual ser-
vicibility of the Flandre.
CHINESE Nationalist sources on Formosa,
which maintain liaison with anti-commun-
ist forces on the mainland, reported even
before the big raid of July 21 that stepped
up allied bombing in Korea had a heavy
military and psychological impact.
But they don't seem to have had any
great impact on the Communist truce
negotiating team at Panmunjom. The
Reds continue to stall around about
words in the proposed agreement which
were supposed to have been settled long
ago. There is no sign of any compromise
of the big war prisoner question.
General Van Fleet, commander of the
UN armies in the field, said there it "less
chance for an armistice than ever before."
Some other observers cling to the feeling
of the last few weeks that, at last, the
Communists might be intending to reach an
agreement. But there seemed to be little
more for them to go on than was the case
a year ago.
The recent disposition to rehash proves
that the Reds consider even the so-called
"agreed" points to be highly tentative.
Van Fleet says they have disposed their
armies so that they can "wait out the
war." Since last November they have been
able to avoid large scale fighting and still
not retreat from either political or mili-
Van Fleet repeats that the best way for
the Allies to win "is by pressure." The Air
Force says the latest raid, preceded by re-
peated warnings to civilians to evacuate,
was a calculated effort to put on pressure
There have been "leaks," correct or in-
correct, that American forces in Korea now
have atomic artillery with which to meet
any possible new Communist ground offen-
sive. There have been warnings that aerial
assault on Allied ground forces would in-
vite retaliation on Red Airbases in Man-
churia. But there is doubt, in the event of a
resumption of general fighting, of Allied
ability to push to the Chinese border, the
one position from which they would be able
to force a settlement.
15 YEARS AGO-1937
T HE SENATE passed a watered-down ser-
ies of labor laws in which they refrained
from setting specific "fair minimum" wages
to replace the existing "non-oppressive" 40
cent an hour wage. A federal 'child labor
bill was also defeated as was an anti-lynch-
Overseas the Sino-Japanese War contin-
ued as the Japanese bombed troop concen-
trations 85 miles southwest of Peiping and
claimed complete control of the Peiping-
10 YEARS AGO-1942
WORLD WAR II fighting embraced four
TO THE EDITOR
The Kingfish ...
To The Editor:
BEFORE writing editorials (July
30, 1952) concerning Louisiana
politics it would be wise to get the
correct information. In Peg Nimz's
editorial, Senator Long is described
as the "New South" and Governor
Kennon as the "Old Guard." The
truth is that the roles are exactly
reversed. Governor Kennon, in
January, 1952, defeated the old
guard which was headed by Earl
Long, then governor of Louisiana
(see Life Magazine Feb. 1952).
The old guard has been the Long
Machine, which elected Senator
Russell Long to office. In fact,
Senator Long is the last of the
old guard to remain in office.
It is true, however, that Long
.- -*: -.
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Harry Lunn ...........Night Editor
Marge Shepherd.......... Night Editor
virginia Voss ..........Night Editor
Mike Wolff .. .............Night Editor
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