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August 01, 1952 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1952-08-01

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See Page 2

Latest Deadline in the State


VOL. LXII, No. 198




Acts To Aid
Four States
Drought Cripples
Southern Regions
ernment took emergency action
yesterday to relieve the effects of
a drought which has burned up
crops worth millions of dollars in
at least a dozen states.
Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky
and Mississippi were declared "dis-
aster loan areas" by the Agricul-
ture Department as adresult of
the prolonged heat and lack of
* * *

Not So Reluctant Now

AEC Contracts
New Atom Plant
Westinghouse To Perfect Nuclear
Power Plant for Naval Vessels
WASHINGTON-(P)-The Atomic Energy Commission made a
deal yesterday for development of an atomic power plant for "large
naval vessels, such as aircraft carriers."
The AEC said the job of trying to perfect a nuclear power plant
for ocean-going giants has been assigned to the Westinghouse Elee-
trio Corporation-the same firm which is already building an engine
earmarked for installation in the Navy's projected atomic submarine,
the USS Nautilus.
THE CONTRACT for a "large vessel" power plant-coupled with

TENNESSEE and large
Missouri and Arkansas
have been designated as

parts of

Sallade Discovers Backing
Four Candidates Busy Work

Politicking for four different
candidates simultaneously can be
pretty taxing work as local GOP
politician George Wahr Sallade
has found out.
Sallade, well known on campus
where he runs a bookstore, has
been working for Republican can-
didate Eisenhower, gubernatorial
candidat Fred M. Alger, Jr., Sec-
retary of State candidate Owen J.
Cleary, and also City Council pre-
sident candidate George Wahr
HE HAS served as county chair-
man for the Eisenhower campaign
and is currently county chairman
for Alger. is job involves organi-
zation of the city byprecincts and
recruiting workers to mail out
pu-licity for the candidate and
contact their friends by phone.
The workers are responsible
for contacting the voters is

World News

their precincts and acquainting
them with the candidate.
Several months ago Sallade or-
ganized a luncheon here for Alger,
and two weeks before the GOP
convention he took the candidate
on a county tour to introduce him
to voters. The Alger-for-Governor
organization extends throughout
the county.
. ! * * .
A UNIVERSITY graduate in po-
litical science and former Daliy
associate editor, Sallade has been
active in Washtenaw County po-
litics for several years. He served
on the City Council and set a lo-
cal record by winning his first
race in the predominantly Demo-
cratic fourth ward which had not
elected a GOP candidate for more
than 20 years.
On the Council he became
chairman of the Charter Revi-
sion Committee and also served
on the Traffic and Rent Con-
trols Committees. At prese-nt he
is the only announced candidate
for the Council presidency. He
will run for this post in the
spring elections.
Of more immediate concern is
his candidacy for a seat in the
county convention in the August 5
Serving as a delegate to the past
three state conventions, Sallade
will be working for Owen J. Cleary
at the state GOP meeting in
Grand Rapids on August 16. He is
treasurer of the Cleary campaign
for the party nomination for Sec-
retary of State. At the moment
Cleary is state Republican chair-
Sallade endorses Eisenhower,
Alger and senatorial candidate
John Martin because he believes
they can provide the new leader-
ship for the party. "We need a
militantly constructive approach
to the other party," he concluded.
Attlee Raps
.Bevan over

Government farm experts al-
so were studying conditions in
New England and in North and
South Carolina, Louisiana, Vir-
ginia and Florida to determine
whether Federal help is needed.
Gov. Paul A. Dever closed the
tinder-dry woods in eight eastern
Massachusetts counties yesterday
as it appeared no appreciable rain
was in sight. Rhode Island for-
ests were closed Wednesday.
FARMERS, in states designated
as disaster areas will be able to
borrow money from the Farmers
Home Administration to buy such
things as hay and livestock feed
if they are unable to obtain credit
from local private or cooperative
They also may obtain loans to
finance production of their 1953
In Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky
and Mississippi, the Agriculture
Department announced "pastures
and hay crops have been virtually
destroyed because of the drought.
As a result, many farmers must
buy feed for their livestock, and
some farmers have started to
make sharp reductions in their
Judge Denies
Mistrial Move
For 15 Reds
NEW YORK - A) - Federal
Judge Edward J. Dimock denied
yesterday a motion for a mistrial
made by counsel for 15 second-
string Communist leaders.
The defense asked a mistrial
because of the publication of a
long secret report by the FBI
claiming documentary proof that
the Communist party in the Unit-
ed States "teaches and advocates
the overthrow and destruction of
the U. S. government by force and
The FBI report was released for
publication by Senator Pat Mc-
Carran (D-Nev), head of the Sen-
ate Internal Security Committee.
Defense counsel claimed that the
FBI report-which repeats sub-
stantially the words of the charge
under which the Communists are
being tried-had a prejudical ef-
fect on the jury.
When the motion for a mistrial
was made Wednesday, Judge Dim-
ock gave the Government until
yesterday to answer the defense

RESTING UP-Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illinois, Democratic presidential candidate, poses with his two
sons and his sister on the porch of the executive m ansion at Springfield, Ill. Left to right, Borden, 20;
Mrs. Ernest Ives, the governor's hostess; Stevens on; and John Fell, 16, with the family pet, Artie.

One Million
DETROIT-A young man
just out of college became the
army's 1,000.000th draftee of
the Korean War yesterday.
Dark-haired Arthur Wein-
feld, 23, former newsboy and
son of an auto plant tool in-
spector, got the distinction.
The army made him "No. 1,-
000,000' ceremoniously.
With 125 other rookies and
Gov. G. Mennen Williams'look-
ing on, Weinfeld, a Wayne Uni-
versity graduate, was inducted
at the Fort Wayne induction
Ike Backers
Show Plan
DENVER-P)--Key backers of
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower yes-
terday asked the GOP Pregiden-
tial nominee to approve a pro-
gram aimed at winning ten mil-
lion more voters than now are en-
rolled as Republicans.
The program was outlined to the
General by Walter Williams, of
Seattle, and Mrs. Oswald B. Lord,
co-chairman of the National Citi-
zens for Eisenhower committee
which played a leading role in
helping win the nomination for
AFTER Eisenhower had receiv-
ed and praised their proposed pro-
gram, Paul G. Hoffman, another
Eisenhower leader, told a news
conference that to win in Novem-
ber the General will have to mus-
ter strong support from independ-
ent voters and disgruntled Demo-
Hoffman expressed confidence
that Eisenhower will be able to
do that.
The program to rally ten million
more voters to Eisenhower's sup-
port outlined by Williams and
Mrs. Lord, calls for continuing
the Citizens Committee and ex-
panding its activities.
Williams also declared it was
"only fair to say" that the Dem-
ocrats nominated a strong ticket
last week in picking Gov. Adlai
Stevenson of Illinois as their Pres-
idential candidate and Senator
John J. Sparkman of Alabama as
his running mate.


By The Associated Press
New Chairman .. .
WASHINGTON-A Harvard lav
professor took charge of the Ad-
ministration's Wage Stabilization
Program yesterday, determined tc
"make it work" despite the fact
that Congress has stripped his
agency of all power to settle labor
The flew chairman of the reor-
ganized Wage Stabilization Board
is Archibald Cox, a tall, 40-year-
old lawyer with a crew haircut.
* * * * ,
} Investigating .
Long (D-La.) and Morse (R-
Ore) announced plans yesterday
for an inspection of overseas air-
bases aimed at saving taxpayers
millions of dollars.
Leaving here next Tuesday
they will make an on-the-spot
check of the network of U. S.
airgbases being constructed on
edges of the Iron Curtain.
Tight-Lipped-.. .
Senator Harry F. Byrd of Vir-
ginia, long a power in Southern
politics, refused to say yesterday
whether he will throw his support
to Democratic Gov. Adlai Steven-
son or Republican Gen. Dwight D.
Eisenhower in the Presidential
New Record...
PRESTWICK, Scotland-Two
American helicopters made the
first flying windmill crossing of
the Atlantic Ocean yesterday
and broke the non-stop distance
record for this type of aircraft.
Retrial .,.
WASHINGTON-The court of
Military Appeals yesterday order-
ed a new trial for a 20-year-old
New Jersey soldier who wastcourt
martialled and sentenced to 10
years at hard labor for allegedly
sleepiig on sentry duty at the
Korean War front.
To Enroll Here

Summer Session Choir
To Hold Concert Today
The Summer Session Choir, under the direction of Harold Decker,
guest lecturer in the music school, will present a concert at 8:30 p.m.
today in Hill Auditorium.
The choir will sing representative works of various periods,
including four contemporary compositions, a European folk song
and an Easter cantata.
THE CONCERT will begin with the choir singing Norman Lock-
wood's "Three Psalms." Following will be "Ave Maria" by Jean Mou-

Truce Talks
Still Drag
MUNSAN, Korea-(R)-Allied
staff officers today accepted
several Communist - proposed
changes in the wording of a
proposed Korean armistice, but
an agreement was no nearer on
the key prisoner exchange issue
blocking a truce.
A UN command spokesman
said "some progress' was made
toward an agreement on armis-
tice -clauses already approved
tentatively by top negotiators.
The spokesman added, "the ba-
sic problem (prisoner exchange)
remains unsettled."
By The Associated Press
MUNSAN, Korea-Allied and
Communist staff officers, after
haggling five days over the word-
ing of a Korean armistice, appear-
ed no closer today to any discus-
sion of the basic problems block-
ing a truce.
MEANWHILE-Allied troops in
a bloody bayonet attack early to-
day drove the Chinese Commun-
ists off the crest of Old Baldy on
the western Korean front.
U. N. troops recaptured the
muddy crest of the strategic
western front hill just ten days
after a Chinese battalion drove
them off.
An army spokesman said about
200 Communists were knocked off
the crest in seven-hours of fight-
ing, which at times was hand to

> ton, "Be Glad Then America" by
William Billings and a Czechoslo-
vakian folk song, "Waters Ripple
and Flow," arranged by Deems
After this they will sing
"Shepherd's Song (Terli, Ter-
low)" by Melville Smith. It will
feature an oboe obligato, which
will be played by Prof. Theodore
E. Heger, of the music school.
Norman Dello Joio's "The Blue-
bird" and "Jubilant Song" will
conclude the first part of the con-
cert. "Jubilant Song," a choral
work based on a poem by Walt
Whitman,. depicts the jubilance of
youth and its striving to include all
After the intermission the choir
will sing Bach's Cantata No. 4
"Christ Lay in Death's Dark Pris-
on," often called the "Easter Can-
tata." The choir will be accom-
panied, in authentic Bach style,
by a harpsichord and a 16-piece
string and brass orchestra. There
will be no solo parts in the num-
bers; all parts scored for soloists
will be sung by entire sections of
the choir.
The 63-voice choir is made up
of teachers here for the summer
session, many of them choral di-
rectors themselves, plus many reg-
ular students. Itsbdirector, Har-
old Decker, has been Professor
and Head of Voice and Choral De-
partments at the University of
Wichita, Kansas, since 1944.
Millard To Seek
LANSING-(M-Attorney Gen-
eral Frank G. Millard of Flint yes-
terday said he would be a candi-
date for renomination on the Re-
publican ticket at the GOP State

the fact that the Navy has gone
Auto Output
To Resume
Next Week
By The Associated Press
The auto industry's big three
producers -- General Motors,
Chrysler and Ford - yesterday
announced plans for resuming
production after the costly steel
Back-to-work calls went out to
thousands of employes of the big
companies effective Monday. For
others, however, the idleness will
continue for almost a month.
* * *
ON THE HEELS of call-backs
by General Motors and Ford,
Chrysler announced late yesterday
that it will re-open its foundries
next week and hopes to have 55,-
000 employes-the bulk of its per-
sonnel--back in its factories dur-
ing the following week so that car
and civilian truck assemblies in
Detroit can begin by that week's
Assembly operations wt Evans-
ville, ind., are not scheduled to
resume until the week of Aug.
18 and at Los Angeles and San
Leandro, Calif., the reopening is
set for the week of Aug. 25.
The foundries are at Detroit and
Kokomo, Ind. Production of Dodge
militaryvehicles is scheduled to
resume the week of Aug. 11.
Earlier in the day Ford an-
nounced that its 15 Ford division
assembly plants across the nation
will resume five-day operations
next week, affecting 22,000 em-
ployes. Lincoln - Mercury opera-
tions also will be stepped up at
that time, but truck production
will be halted riext week and the
manufacture of bazooka rockets
for the Army cannot be resumed

ahead with building the Nautilus
Ueven before its projected engine
has been tested - immediately
prompted speculation that the
Commission conside's the basic
problems solved and n engine as-
sured. '
The AEC declined to amplify
its terse, two-paragraph an-
nouncement except to say, in
answer to question, . that a
"large" naval vessel would in-
clude "anything bigger than a
Observers have speculated that
100,000 mile cruises at high speed
and without refueling would be
duck soup for a battlewagon or a
commercial liner powered by
atomic uranium, a pound of which
could generate as much power as
1500 tons of coal or 200,000 gal-
lons of fuel oil.
HOW MUCH atomic fuel would
be required for a battlewagon's
atomic power plant-and how
much speed would be attained by
such a craft-has never been in-
dicated by the AEC.
But President Truman in his
speech at the keel-laying of the
submarine Nautilus in June, said
the atomic sub would be able to
cruise underwater at "more than
20 knots."
Presumably then, the planners
of atomic power for big craft must
have their sights set on some lick-
ety-split speed for atdmic surface
Meanwhile earlier yesterday the
AEC in its 12th semi-annual re-
port to Congress disclosed that
precious uranium ore will soon be
coming from South Africa, Aus-
tralia and perhaps Canada and
new sources in the United States.
. The report also disclosed sub-
stantial progress in developing im-
proved atomic weapons during the
past six months.
The report also noted research
accomplishments offering hope for
the development of a powerful
medicine with which to treat peo-
ple severely exposed to atomic


LONDON - (A) -The festering
quarrel between British Social-
ism's two strong men broke into
the open again yesterday when
former Prime Minister Clement
Attlee rapped left-wing labor
leader Aneurin Bevan for discuss-
ing cabinet secrets in public.
Attlee complained to the House
of Commons in a personal state-
ment that Bevan, during Wednes-
day's economic debate, alluding to
policy matters which had been
secretly discussed when both were
members of the labor cabinet.
* * *
AMID LOUD cheers from Prime
Minister Churchill's Conserva-
tives, Attlee said: "there is a well
established rule inhibiting mem-
bers of a government from reveal-
ing what passes either in cabinet
or in confidential discussions."
Bevan, who was not in Parlia-
ment when Attlee spoke, later
announced he will answer his
one-time boss tomorrow.
The fresh row was an echo of
the clash which resulted in Bev-
an's quitting Attlee's cabinet in

Arguments on Amusement Tax Pro pos

Lone Student's Nightly Vigi1
Rewarded by 'Saucer' Viewr
The recent outbreak. of "flying saucer" and "whatzits" reports
which has alerted civil defense and Air Force authorities has also had
its effect on Emil Machado, Grad.
For the past three nights he has maintained a lonely vigil at his
rooming house window in an attempt to judge for himself the ver-
acity of the reports.
HIS PERSISTENCE was finally rewarded Wednesday night when
a "bluish-white light with a long tail" scooted rapidly across the sky
<>and disappeared in the west be-
fore he even had a chance to sum-
mon his roommate to watch the
" According to Machado, the
al A ireobject was moving silently and
al A iredat a great height. Although it
looked like a star it was not as
* * bright, he said. He did not be-
lteve it was a "shooting star"
since it appeared to be traveling,
business, the athletic association, straight overhead in a definite
yesterday said they were against path unlike any falling star he
the grounds that it was "unfair" had ever seen.
The incident also recalled to his
minde anievent that had taken
from the City Council came fromaminhan hventh ndn
ailed the levy a "nuisance tax." place in his home town in Cuba
two months ago.
vor of the original charter amend- MACHADO described how many
April, that represented the people's people; including some of his cou-
sins, had seen a round orange ob
e budget this year," Creal said, ject moving slowlyacross the late
tax eveue. amnot n fvor afternoon sky. They had been in-
ax revenue. I am not in favor clined to attribute it to a balloon,
s time," he said. however.
vie business' contention that the And he isn't the only person
lorris of the Butterfield Theaters, on the campus talking about

* * *


For the Tax.. .
City officials in favor of a charter amendment enabling Ann
Arbor to levy a ten per cent amusement tax feel that it is necessary
both because of a need for additional revenue and as a means of
getting "flexibility" in the budget.
Chairman of the City Budget Committee John S. Dobson pointed
:ut that the present property tax is "inflexible and overworked"
and does not apply to many people who use city facilities.


The Background ..
One of the biggest controver-
sies on the up-coming August
5 ballot is the proposed charter
amendment empowering the city
to levy a ten per cent amuse-
ment tax.
Defeated by a large majority
in the April election, the
amendment has been revised to
fix a definite limit on the
amusement tax. It now gives the
city power to "levy and collect
a specific excise tax of not more
than ten per cent upon the es-
tablished price of admissions,
which amount to 26 cents or

* * *

4> * *
. Against the Tax...
Representatives of the movie
the theater and the student body
the amusement levy proposal on t
and probably unconstitutional..
And a lone voice of opposition
its president, Cecil O. Creal, who c
CREAL SAID he had been in fa
ment; but when it was defeated in 1
choice in the matter.
"When the city balanced the
"we saw no need for additional 1
of any additional taxation at this
Strongly standing by the moy
tax would be "unfair," Walter J. N

CITING THE NEED for more city funds, Ald. Dodson said that
the amusement tax revenues were necessary for completion of another
fire department and additional sanitary services. He said that 192 other
United States cities have used such a tax.
Though he saw no doubt of the constitutionality of the tax,
Ald. Dobson said he personally doubted that it could apply to most
University functions.

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