THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THRSDAY, JUvY 12, 1951
Gte a fl te
By DAVE THOMAS
HE HOUSE of Representatives is cur-
3ently debating an etension of the
stop-gap economic controls provisions which
expire July 31, and the lack of any sizable
public pressure on the question has dras-
tically jeopardized any chances the Admin-
istration ever had of securing an effective
program to halt the present inflation.
Administration supporters have all but
given up hope for the wave of "grass
roots" support which they hoped would
aid them In forcing the crucial legisla-
tion through a reluctant Congress.
The Republicans have seized upon this
seeming public apathy as evidence that the
people are not alarmed at the present eco-
Rep. Walter of Pennsylvania, a top Demo-
crat, was probably nearer the truth when he
described the situation in this way:
"The people apparently believe the
cards are stacked against them and there
is no use writing about it. Thy seem to
The word "discouraged" used in this con-
text should rate as the understatement of
the week. "Despairing" would be more ap-
propriate. But whatever the name one
chooses to call it by, it is clear that the
public's attitude poses a grave threat to
AT THE LAW SCHOOL'S summer taxa-
tion institute speakers representing both
the National Association of Manufacturers
viewpoint and that of the New Deal eco-
nomic philosophers agreed that the danger
of internal inflation was currently a great-
er threat to our continued existence as a
free nation than Communist armed might.
The NAM, advocates higher taxes in order
to balance the budget, hoping somehow that
this will of itself, check inflation.
The Administration's view that con-
trols are also necessary in order to pro-
teet the value of the additional tax dol-
lars which a new tax program will siphon
off the civilian economy, is more realistic
and appears the only possible way out of
the present situation. What good are new
taxes if labor, industry and the farmer
bloc are able to bring a flood of new dol-
lars into the economy through higher
prices and wages?
Consumers who listene dcarefully to tha-
plea for extended controls that Defense
Mobilizer Charles E. Wilson made Mon-
day and the repeated warnings of Eric
Johnston, chief of economic stabilization,
should have no doubts as to the necessity
for a strong control program now. Neither
of these men are politicians. They are busi-
ness men who have been given the thank-
less job of representing the general consum-
er at the expense of powerful economic in-
* * * *
THESE TWO MEN along with public-
spirited Senators like Michigan's Blair
Moody and Illinois' Paul Douglas are not
talking "politics" or merely to hear them-
selves speak. They are seriously alarmed at
the prospect of a runaway inflation wreck-
ing the whole mobilization program and the
civilian economy along with it.
Congressmen will be keeping a close check
on letters, telegrams and telephone calls
coming into their offices on the matter of
controls in the next few weeks. he prospect
of a disastrous inflation is too hot a politi-
cal issue for them to do otherwise.
The anti-controls forces, if they think
they can get away wit hit, will stall right
up to the end of the month deadline and
then rush through a skeleton controls bill
which the President will either have to sign
or allow controls to lapse completely.
It is still not too late for vigorous public
action to save the day.
"I Sure Hope We Don't Lose That Oil In Iran"
MA T'E R
By JOSEPH ALSOPOI
AVON, Connecticut-It will come as a
shock to the people here at home who
have been airily arguing about whether we
"want allies," or should "go it alone." Yet
the fact is that our allies are also beginning
to argue about whether they warit us. This
seems to this reporter by far the most sig-
nificant single phenomenon observed during
a long, just concluded trip abroad.
There are plenty of obvious reasons for the
unrest and anti-American feeling within
the Western alliance. The defense program
which we have urged upon them is a heavy
burden to the b1ritish, who have carried so
many burdens for so long. The French,
with their weak government, are hardly able
to keep their promise to us to raise men for
more divisions. German rearmament pleases
Yet even these grave difficulties are essen-
tially superficial. They would matter little,
if it were not for two other, less noticeable
but far deeper sources of trouble.
The first of these trouble sources-it
had better be admitted frankly-is the
failure of American leadership since the
From November 1949 until the Korean
aggression, the Administration told our
allies, as it told the country, that we could
all disarm and be comfortable. Then came
the Korean challenge and the response.
Then, with the advent of George C. Mar-
shall at the Defense Department, there was
an immense raising of rearmament sights.
Then there was the victorious compla-
cency after Inchon in October and the
near panic after the Yalu defeat in No-
vember and December. And then there
were two or three months before Gen. Mc-
Arthur's recall, when no one quite knew
what American policy really was.
Other choppings and changings might also
be noted. But the foregoing is enough to
indicate how unpredictable we have seemed
to the British, the French and our other
* * *
TO make matters worse, among our allies
today, there is no one with Winston
Churchill's superb self-confidence and will-
ingness to take the lead himself. An alli-
ance, like any other body of persons acting
together, is deeply dependent on firm, clear-
headed leadership. The Western alliance
has no other possible leader but the United
States. And our unsteady leadership in the
past two years and a half has sadly shaken
the confidence in the United States that
was built up during the war and the great
policy-making years just after the war.
In this sense, at least, the MacArthur
controversy ought to prove remarkably
fortunate, as having at last cleared the
minds of Administration chieftains about
what they were trying to do and having
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: BARNES CONNABLE
shown their intentions to the world. But
no public debate, nothing but the most
urgent and unrelenting effort, can cure
the other trouble which is also weakening
the Western alliance.
This trouble is simply the fear generated
in Britain, in Western Europe, in the Mid-
dle and Far East, by the continuing pre-
dominance of Soviet military power. A later
report will examine this problem in greater
detail. It is enough to say here that Ameri-
cans can hardly imagine the state of mind
of informed men in Britain. These English-
men know their country still lacks any ef-
fective air defense. They know also that
Britain is the most vulnerable possible tar-
get for atomic attack. They expect that
Britain will be instantly attacked if a gen-
eral war breaks out.
For Englishmen who think of a third world
war in terms of total devastation, for
Frenchmen who think of it in terms of Sov-
let occupation, the impulse to appease is
naturally difficult to resist. This impulse
would be less important today, if our allies
thought that all risks, to them as well as to
us, were being coolly and wisely calculated
in Washington. But that is not the impres-
sion that has been conveyed. And thus, while
our allies have no notion of surrender, they
suffer from an almost hysterical fear that
they will be plunged into an unnecessary
war by American "excitability."
* * *
THERE is no use grumbling about injus-
tice, appeasement, and man's ingratitude
to man. The practical situation confronting
us is the situation outlined above. Further-
more, this situation has been recognized in
the Kremlin as another vulnerable flank of
the free world. A great war of nerves of-
fensive has been launched to capitalize on
our allies' fears. The Kremlin's main aim
and hope during the months immediately
ahead will be to split and thus to paralyze
the Western allies. Every weapon of psycho-
logical warfare, from the crassest intimida-
tion to the most subtle subversion, is being
and will be used to this end.
This is because the Kremlin knows that
the United States CANNOT go it alone.
Fear of atomic attack on Russia by the
American Strategic Air Force is the only
existing Oeterrent to further Soviet ag-
gresion. The effectiveness of our Strategic
Air Force now almost entirely depends
upon overseas air bases, in territories of
the British and our other allies.
If the Kremlin could be sure that use of
these bases would be denied to us, the Red
Army would march tomorrow. And the Red
Army will march, if and when a split in the
Western alliance gives the longed-for protec-
tion to the masters of Russia.
These are bleak truths which need to be
noted, but noted as warnings. For if Amer-
ica can only lead as America ought to lead,
which means if America can only be true
to her own greatness, there may be hard
and tricky times ahead; but the Western
alliance will hold firm and there will be no
catastrophe. The knowledge that he is
skirting a precipice makes the mountaineer
step more carefully but also more firmly,
and this must be the American rule today.
(Copyright, 1951, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
t, _ ue,, bK3
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
-M "" -.
wl.t. '+M[...$.SMG,4 Svaf
with DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-Two groups of Senators and Congressmen lined up
on opposite sides of the fence recently regarding one of the most
vital issues in the nation-oil and education.
With the nation's schools in the most deplorable condition in our
entire history, 18 members of the House of Representatives Judiciary
Committee voted to turn the nation's tidelands oil over to three states
and their oil companies, instead of using the proceeds for educational
On the other side of Congress, 11 Senators introduced a reso-
lution whereby the royalties from this oil, administered by the
Federal Government, would go to aid the schools and colleges of
the entire nation.
The first group-the 18 members of the judiciary committee-
voted secretly. Even behind the closed doors of their committee they
tried to avoid a rollcall vote, and if it had not been for Congressman
Michael Feighan of Ohio they would have sneaked their vote by with-
out even a show of hands.
In the Senate, the 11 men who risked the wrath of the oil com-
panies and the powerful tidelands oil lobby stood up and did so
openly. They did not hide behind closed doors. Their names are:
Lister Hill of Alabama, who initiated the idea; his Alabama colleague,
John Sparkman; Wayne Morse of Oregon, Republican; Charles Tobey
of New Hampshire, also Republican; and Democrats Benton of Con-
necticut, Douglas of Illinois, Humphrey of Minnesota, Chavez of New
Mexico, Neely of West Virginia, Kefauver of Tennessee, and Hennings
WHAT happened inside the House Judiciary Committee has not been
published, but this column has obtained a list of the Congressmen
voting for the three states and the oil companies.
It should be noted that the Supreme Court twice has ruled lat
the submerged oil lands alongside the coast of the United States be-
long to the entire 48 states, not to California, Texas and Louisiaa
alone. This is on the theory that, under the Constitution, the navi-
gable waters of the United States belong to the Federal Government,
not the individual states.
However, the tidelands oil lobby, seeking to reverse the Su-
preme Court, has introduced legislation turning these submerged
oil lands back to three states, and was so successful that President
Truman used the veto.
The other day, in an attempt to reverse both the President and
the court, Congressman Ed Gossett of Texas, who is about to retire
from Congress, demanded that the judiciary committee vote again on
the lobby's tidelands bill. No wildcat promoter ever worked faster to
stake a drill site than did Gossett to get this special-interest bill
through the committee. Gossett didn't even want to give other mem-
bers time to read the committee hearings.
This brought stormy protests from Congressman Celler of
New York, Feighan of Ohio and Machrowicz of Michigan.
"On a matter as vital as this, involving the release of public oil
reserves to private interests, we had better go slow," warned Feighan.
Gossett impatiently agreed to postpone a vote until the next
morning. Meantime, the printed hearings were distributed a few hours
before the showdown. Some members still insisted that they didn't
have time to digest the 1,200 pages of testimony, but Gossett adamantly
Y this time, however, some of Gossett's supporters were beginning
to get cold feet. They wanted to vote for the oil companies, but
they didn't want to be so recorded, even in a secret meeting, because
of possible leaks to the press. A motion was therefore made for a
But Feighan jumped to his feet.
"We should at least have a show of hands, so we will know how
many are voting for and against the bill," he demanded.
When this was done, Chairman Celler counted 18 members
for handing tidelands oil back to three states, with 7 against it.
Since a "hand," or division, vote is merely counted and not item-
ized member by member, ther is no breakdown in the secret record
of how each Congressman votes. However, this column is able to
report that the Congressmen who voted to hand over the nation's
tidelands oil to three states and the oil companies were:
DEMOCRATS: Walter of Pennsylvania, who has both Lafayette
and Lehigh colleges in his district, but who placed the oil lobby ahead
of his district; Jones of North Carolina, who has Davidson College,
Queens College, Lenoir Rhyne College, Lees-McRae College and John-
son C. Smith University, a Negro institution, all in his district; Chelf
of Kentucky, who has Lindsey-Wilson and Campbellsville College in
his district; Wilson of Texas; Willis of Louisiana; Bryson of South
Carolina; Forrester of Georgia; and Gossett.
REPUBLICANS: Fellows of Maine, who has the University of
Maine in his district; Reed of Lllinois; Graham of Pennsylcania;
Goodwin of Massachusetts, who has Tufts College in his district; Boggs
of Delaware, who has the University of Delaware in his district Crum-
packer of Indiana, who has Notre Dame in his district; Thompson of
Michigan; Hillings of California; McCullough of Ohio. and Bakewell
(Copyright, 1951, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
The Daily Official Bulletin i an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the Uni-
versity. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3510
Administration Bldg. at 3 p.m. on the
day preceding publication.
THURSDAY, JULY 12, 1951
VOL. LXI, No. 11-S
The following student organizations
have registered for the summer term:
Christian Science Organization
Congregational Disciples Guild
Gothic Film Society
Graduate Student Council
India Students Association
Indian Institute of Chemical Engi-
League Summer Council
Michigan Christian Fellowship
Student Religious Association
Office of Student Affairs
Social events sponsored by student
organizations at which both men and
women are to be present must be ap-
proved by the Dean of Students. Ap-
plication forms and a copy of regula-
tions governing these events may be se-
cured in the Office of Student Affairs,
1020 Administration Building. Requests
for approval must be submitted to that
office no later than noon of the Mon-
day before the event is scheduled. A
list of approved social events will be
published in the Daily Official Bulletin
on Wednesday of each week.
Approved student sponsored social
events for the week-end:
Graduate Student Council
A representativesfrom the General
Motors Corporation will be interviewing
young men on Monday, July 1 for
promotional and publicity work in
connection with the Fisher Body Coach
contest. These positions are temporary
and will start about August 15th and
end December 15th. After a three week
training period in Detroit the men will
travel all over the country speaking to
schools and civic groups to interest
young boys in the Fisher Body Coach
Contest. For further information please
call at the Bureau of Appointments
3528 Administration Building.
The Oneida Paper Products, Inc. has
openings for salesmen in New Haven,
Indianapolis, Milwaukee, Roanoke,
Memphis, New Orleans an Chicago.
For further information please3call at
the Bureau of Appointments 3528 Ad-
The Fresh Air Camp Clinic will be
held July 13, 8:00 p.m., at the camp on
Patterson Lake. Dr, Samuel Hartwell,
Michigan State Department of Health
will be the speaker.
Golf Instruction for Women: A new
golf class for women students who are
interested will be given on Tuesday and
Thursday evenings at 7:00 at the Wo-
men's Athletic Building beginning this
evening. Register at Barbour Gymna-
sium, Office 15.
String Teaching Conference, Hussey
Room, Michigan League. 9, Forum dis-
cussion. 9:45, Demonstration Clinic on
violin, viola, cello, and bass. 11, Con-
cert by the Stanley Quartet. 2, Dem-
onstration Clinic. Panel members: Ed-
win Hames, Hillsdale; Maurice Riley,
Ypsilanti; Bernard Silverstein, Detroit;
Anthony Whitmire, Gilbert Ross, Robert
Courte, Oliver Edel, Clyde Thompson
Emil Raab, University of Michigan.
Exercise and Posture Clinics: Exercise
and posture clinics for women students
who would like individual help In im-
proving their posture will be held in
the corrective room in Barbour Gymna-
~sum at the following hours: Monday
10:30 a.m., Thursday 1:30 p.m.
M. A. Candidates in History: Foreign
language examinations for the Master's
Degree in History will be given on Wed-
nesday, July 18, at 4:15 p.m., in 35 An-
gell Hall. Dictionaries may be used.
Students planning to meet thisure-
quirement during the current Summer
Session should leave their names at
the History Office, 2817 . Quad., not
later than July 12.
Seminar of Mathematical Statistics:
Thursday, July 12, from 4 to 6 p.m., in
Room 3201 Angell Hall. P. C. Cox and
R. W: Royston will be the speakers.
Algebra Seminar: Professor Emil Ar-
tin will speak on "Group Extensions" at
the meeting of the Algebra Seminar on
Thursday, July 12, at 3 p.m., in Room
3011 Angell Hall.
Mathematics Colloquium: Professor
Eberhaid Hopf, of the University of
Indiana, will speak on "Solutions of
Navier-Stokes Equations" on3Thursday,
July 12, at 4 p.m., in Room 3017 Angell
Hall. "The Mathematical Problem of
Turbulence" will be the subject of Pro-
fessor Hopf's talk on Friday, July 13,
at 2 p.m. in Room 3017 Angell Hall.
Lecture. "Current Attacks on Public
Education." Francis L. Bacon, Profes-
sor of Education, University of Califor-
nia, 4:00 p.m., Schorling Auditorium,
University High School.
Growth and Differentiation Sympos-
ium. "The Internal Factors Condition-
ing Differentiation in Plants." F. W.
Went,. Professor of Plant Physiology,
and Director, Earhart Plant Laboratory,
California Institute of Technology. 4:15
p.m., Auditorium, School of Public
Linguistic Program. Lecture, "Word-
Tone in Some African Languages." Wil-
liam E. Welmers, Visiting Assistant Pro-
fessor of German, Cornell University.
7:30 p.m., Rackham Amphitheater.
Rehabilitation of the Handicappe
Worker, a conference. Panel discussion:
"Psycho-Social and Economic Aspects."
9:00 a.m., Rackham Lecture Hall.
Panel discussion: "Employment and
Placement." 1:30 p.m., Rackham Lec-
Carillon Recital. Professor Percival
Price, University Carillonneur, 7:15-8:00
Le Cercle Francais will hold a meeting
tonight at 8:00 p.m. in the League.
President Don Norland will talk on his
experiences as a student in Grenoble.
All French-speaking students are In.
vited to attend.
Unitarian Students are invited to a
Tea in honor of Dr. Sidney Robins, mi
ister of the Ann Arbor Uitarian
Church from 1919 to 1929, at 4 p.m., the
First Unitarian Church, 1917 Washtenaw
International Center weekly tea, 4:30
to 6:00, at the Center, for all foreign
students and American friends.
Friday, July 13-
4:15 p.m., Interrelationships between
photoperiodism and thermoperiodicity.
F. W. Went, California Institute of
Department of Astronomy. Visitor
Night Friday, July 13, 8:30 p.m. Dr.
Otto Struve, Qhairman of the Depart-
ment of Astrohomy at the University
of California, will lecture on "The Evo-
lution of the Stars." After the lecture
in room1025 Angell Hall, the Students'
Observatory on the fifth floor will be
open for telescopic observation of the
Moon and Saturn, if the sky is clear, or
for inspection of the telescopes and
planetarium, if the sky is cloudy. Chil-
dren are welcomed, but must be ac-
companied by adults.
United States in the World Crisis lec-
ture. Willard L. Thorp, July 19.
Friday, July 13-
Rehabilitation of the Handicapped
Worker. Panel discussion: "Rehabilita-
tion Services and Programs." 9:00 a.m.,
Rackham Lecture Hall.
Graduate Student Mixer: Friday, July
13, 9-12 p.m., Assembly Hall, Rackham..
Adm. 25 cents.
University of Michigan Sailing Club:
Open meeting Thursday, July 11, 7:3
p.m:, room 3D (D), \ Union. Sho*
school by Poltis & Levin.
Education Conference and Exhibit,
July 16-20. Speech Conference, July
Huron River Hike. Meet at the League,
Sunday, July 15, at 1 p.m. Call Jack
To the Editor
Budget Cuts .
To the Editor:
W HEN THE Legislatue cuts ap-
propriations, why doesn't the.
University fire 50 percent of the
B. and G. men. A faculty and sat-
isfactory library are far more im'-
portant than a MSC-ish campus.
And tall grass might sway the
Legislators more than lofty talk
about losing top men.
AN ENEMY OF THE PEOPLE, produced
by the Department of Speech at Lydia
WITH the combined talents of Henrik
Ibsen and Arthur Miller, the foremost
social dramatists of their day, the speech de-
partment has turned out one of their finest
productions in a long time. Developed with
perfectly sustained build from the opening
curtain, the drama grows with astonishing
complexity but complete inevitability to a
climax that is as exciting as it is provocative.
The play tells the age-old story of the
individual versus society, the eternal con-
flict of loyalty to one's family versus loy-
alty to the race.'
In embracing the experience of two such
fine craftsmen, however, it captures all the
fresh enthusiasm and mastery of construc-
tion possessed by Ibsen with the contem-
porary color and feeling for conflict that
Miller has. It is, in essence, the same con-
flict that has interested Miller in "All My
Sons," but which he has been able to con-
clude victoriously here by affirming the hu-
manist ideal without defeating the protagon-
ist in the process.
The current production is spearheaded
by Nafe Katter in the role of Doctor Stock-
mann. His face is so familiar to Ann Ar-
bor audiences that his growing mastery
of the stage has proceeded possibly with-
out due recognition. But he is at his best
as the besieged doctor, and that is very
As his brhe- the'hmwanor f the. tn-
WASHINGTON-An excellent reason ex-
ists for the great cloud of steam ema-
nating from Harold Stassen over President
Truman's appointment of Minnesota's po-
pular Governor, Luther Youngdahl, to the
U.S. District Court here.
The appointment sets the stage for a bit
of poetic justice in that it affords Senator
Taft an excellent chance to do to Mr. Stas-
sen in Mr. Stassen's home state what Mr.
Stassen did to him in Ohio in 1948.
For the first time, Minnesota will hold
a Presidential primary next year. The
date was fixed for early spring with the
blessing of the native son who figured it
would get his hardy perennial candidacy
off the ground in good season. To do this,
Stassen was counting heavily upon the
progressive governor whose abilities are
reinforced by a character one correspon-
dent wrapped up in the observation: "He
is the kind of man every woman thinks
her husband ought to be."
Youngdahl's retirement, 'however, leaves
the Hon. Roy Dunn of Pelican Rapids, Re-
publican National Committeeman and legis-
lative leader, more or less in command of
the situation. And Dunn is rated a Taft man
who could be persuaded to feel that the vo-
ters of Minnesota ought to have a chance to
choose between the Taft-Stassen schools of
thought-a privilege Stassen insisted was
meet and right for Ohioans in the spring of
Senator Taft did all right with the home
folks that year though Stassen made a fair
showing. But Mister Republican fussed and
fumed that it all wasted a lot of his energy
which could have been better spent in the
Senate; in fact, he cast rather vigorous
doubt on the ancestry of his fellow Republi-
can when he learned he was in for a fight
on his home grounds.
Mrs. Anderson, who became the first woman
ambassador by Truman choice, told Nation-
al Committee Vice-chairman Mrs. India Ed-
wards in Copenhagen last month that it was
no dice; she wants to finish her job abroad.
Politicians are asking why Governor
Youngdahl broke with custom and accept-
ed a Democratic appointment which weak-
ens his own party. He has been compared
to Judge Raymond Baldwin of Connecti-
cut who similarly accepted a judgeship
from a Democratic governor, allowing his
Senate seat to fall into Democratic hands.
Thecomparison happens to be splendidly
Both men are gentle. They are fighters,
well able to hold their own, but both are
gentle in spirit so that the expediences and
the insensitivities, which sometimes become
brutalities, of politics are hard on them.
The then Senator Baldwin never quite
got over the hazing Sen. Joseph McCarthy
gave him over the Baldwin investigation of
the Malmedy Massacres. Senator McCarthy
was obscure then'; only Senate habitues got
a real look at what he was capable of and
knew how he had partly spoiled the Senate
for his colleague.
Governor Youngdahl has had his troubles
with reactionary Republicans who harried
him and made his burdens heavier. Like
Baldwin, too, perhaps he sees very little fu-
ture at the moment for Republicans of his
*~ * *
-CHINA LOBBY -
P3RESIDENT TRUMAN was put under
pressure last week by friendly sources
to act against major enemies of his Admin-
istration-the China lobby and Senator Mc-
Since results depend not upon his own
undoubted personal courage but upon the
amount of energy and determination he
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
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Harvey Gordon .......Finance Manager
Allan Weinstein ...Circulation Manager
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(This is Mr. O'Malley, my Fairy Godfather-
Miss Ross said we have to
paint something REAL-
A life class without a model? Lucky
I came by. I'll be glad to strike a pose.