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July 04, 1951 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1951-07-04

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I

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

WEDNESDAY, 3ULY 4, 1951

U I I ~ I -

rditop04 Ile te

I

"Good Heavens! What A Frightening Creature!"

By DAVE THOMAS
F EEDOM of the press, one of the great
guarantees of Western democracy, has
suffered new setbacks during the first half
of 1951, according to the semi-annual world
survey of censorship and other barriers to
the free coverage and publication of news
conducted by the Associated Press.
A look at the record will show why: Juan
Peron has murdered La Prensa, one of the
great newspapers of the world, and almost
completely gagged the rest of the Argentine
opposition press.
In India and Burma, where independence
is a nodrel experience, the press has been re-
stricted. India adopted a constitutional
amendment limiting free speech, because as
Prime Minister Nehru indicated, the amend-
ment was needed in times of international
stress and local unrest.
Foreign press representatives in Burma
have noted an increasingly unfriendly atti-
tude on the part of the government.
Russia, of course, still maintains its
rigid domestic and foreign press censor-
ship. There are only a handful of foreign
press representatives left in Moscow and
their dispatches are rigorously censored.
All of the Soviet satellites follow Russia's
example. Romania, Bulgaria and Albania
are practically sealed off from the West. The
only source of news from them is govern-
ment-approved radio broadcasts. Hungary
has expelled all Western correspondents and
Poland applies a stiff censorship. Czecho-
slovakia has been increasing pressure stead-
ily and the current "trial" of William N.
Oatis, Associated Press correspondent, should
leave no doubt in free minds of that nation's
intentions regarding a free press.
Spain's censorship has increased drastic-
ally after the general strike in Barcelona in
May,-and the Franco government attempted
to expel a New York Times correspondent
for reporting news unfavorable to the gov-
ernment.
About the only bright spot in the whole
picture, is in Latin America where the over-
throw of the regime of President Arnulfo
Arias has brought freedom for local news-
papers.
anyone who believes that the future
progress of civilization depends upon the
survival of the democratic process, this is
very disquieting. And we in the West who
pride ourselves on our freedom had better
look to our own press lest we too lose the
most important safeguards of our civil liber-
ties.
The fact is that the pressures of the cold.
war are restricting freedom of the press in
this country too, although not to the extent
which it is being restricted in the Commun-
1st and young nationalistic nations.
Inflation Is knocking off papers in this
country at almost as fast a clip as totali-
tarian governments abroad. The St. Louis
Star Times is only the latest in a series of
metropolitan newspapers which have given
up the struggle against declining revenue
and rising costs.
Coupled with the financial situation, there
has been an increase in the anti-newspaper
attitude among public off ciials, many of
whom are coming to feel that any criticism
at all is per se "Communistic" or subversive.
The roughing up of photographers at the
MacArthur receptions is only an outward
manifestation of the attitude of a man who
regards all newspapermen as nuisances and
worse unless they can be used as propaganda
instruments.
The existence of a free society depends up-
on its citizenry being well-informed, for only
then can they correctly make the decisions
which are necessary for that society to keep
its freedom. The greater the danger, the
more astute must be the decisions, and thus
the more important does a free press be-
come.

PHILADELPHIA-The 4th of July is us-
ually so bogged down with parades and
picnics, fireworks and baseball, that we never
get round to studying the great document
whose signing we are celebrating. Like most
Americans, I have been guilty of that omis-
sion.
This week, however, the American Heritage
Foundation and the Philadelphia Independ-
ence Committee invited me to broadcast from
the historic room in Independence Hall
where the Declaration was signed; which
caused me to do some extra reading about
our great cornerstone of American liberty.
I have long thought that the Commun-
ists got the Jump on us in various parts
of the world because they took their own
revolutionary creed, Marixism, and preach-
ed it among the masses harder and more
ruthlessly than we preached our ideals.
What we have needed, I have thought, was
to take our own philosophy of democracy
and preach it more effectively than the
Russians.
Rereading the Declaration of Independ-
ence this week, I realized all the more what
an opportunity we have been missing. For
Thomas Jefferson and the Founding Fathers
gave us not merely a goal for good govern-
ment but a creed for the dignity of man that
makes the Communist doctrine look as phony
as a patent medicine man's patter at a coun-
try fair.
* * *
FAITH IN MAN
WHEN YOU GET away from the charges
against King George, what the Declara-
tion of Independence does is extoll faith in
man. It doesn't talk about the underdog, as
does Marxism; it doesn't set class against
class. It doesn't set up a government which is
more important than man. No, the Founding
Fathers, in their Declaration of Independ-
ence, make man supreme. It made no differ-
ence whether a man is English, or American,
French or Chinese, the Founding Fathers
decreed that he is supreme.
"We hold these truths to be self-evi-
dent," they wrote, "That all men are cre-
ated equal; that they are endowed by their
creator with certain unalienable rights;
that among these are life, liberty, and the
pursuit of happiness; that to secure these
rights, governments are instituted among
men, deriving their Just powers from the
consent of the governed; that whenever
any form of government becomes destruc-
tive of these ends, it is to be the right of
the people to alter or abolish it .. ."
That was a revolutionary doctrine in 1776.
And it is still revolutionary in many parts of
the world today. That was why the Ameri-
can Revolution was a world revolution-be-
cause it applied to all men everywhere. And
it can apply equally to men behind the Iron
Curtain, where governments today do not
even remotely derive their just powers from
the consent of the governed.
* * *
MANIFESTO FOR WORLD
IN THIS COUNTRY, the equality of men is
a principle toward which we have strug-
gled, sometimes slowly, although we have al-
ways struggled. And if we had given the
principle more encouragement outside our
own borders, as in Asia, we would not have
400,000,000 Chinese paying lip service to the
false creed of Communism as they are today.
Actually, these simple, "self-evident"
truths form a manifesto for the world. They
decree not only that man is supreme, but
that he is endowed by his Creator with cer-
tain rights that no dictator, no government,
no congress can take away from him.
When that Declaration was first signed, it
was an inspiration to other struggling young
republics throughout the world. The French

Revolution followed the pattern of ours. So
did many in Latin America. Among the
crowned heads of Europe we were considered
dangerous radicals whose doctrine of equality
threatened world security.
Then gradually we quit being "danger-
ous." We quit selling the Declaration of
Independence. We had a big country to
develop and we got absorbed with our own
problems. The descendants of John Adams
and other Revolutionary firebrands ac-
quired great fortunes and devoted their at-
tention not to "equality" but security.
So we quit selling our own great creed,
quit worrying too much about the rest of
the world-until recently. And while we rest-
ed, other creeds got the jump on us, especial-
ly that of the indefatigable and ruthless
men in the Kremlin.
* * *
FRIENDSHIP BALLOONS
HAT'S WHY I have hammered home the
idea until folks are probably bored with
me that the only way we can ever win per-
manent peace is by people-to-people friend-
ship. As long as 14 men in the Politburo all
by themselves can declare war, as long as
180,000,000 Russians don't have any means
of knowing the truth about us, just that long
will we continue to have danger of war.
That's why the Voice of America and the
various State Department information pro-
jects are more important than all the Am-
bassadors who ever wore stripped pants to
a diplomatic reception. That's why Congres-
sional appropriations for the propaganda
must not be cut.
That's also why I have urged that we get
our ideas across to the Russian people by
balloons, if necessary.
Balloon messages are a symbol of what
can be done to make the Iron Curtain a lace
curtain. It was such a symbol that the Phil-
adelphia Independence Committee and I re-
leased from Franklin Field this week - bal-
loons carrying a Russian translation of the
Declaration of Independence. These balloons
were not intended to travel the 5,000 miles
across the Atlantic and Europe to Russia.
They were merely a symbol of how easily they
could reach the Russian people, if released
from Germany. For prevailing winds blow
west to east.
* * *
REVOLUTIONARY DIPLOMACY
Recently Congress passed the McMahon-
Ribicoff resolution officially putting the
American people on record for friendship
with the Russian people. However, there is
no way the Russian people can know Ihis,.
because their masters in the Kremlin don't
want them to know it.
This is the very heart of our problem
of peace or war. Though we may win a
temporary respite in the war in Korea,
it will be temporary indeed unless we can
penetrate the Iron Curtain with our views
on peace and with our great creed for the
equality of man, the Declaration of Inde-
pendence.
To do this will take revolutionary diploma-
cy. It will take more than diplomatic notes
and formal calls by ambassadors.
However, we became what we are today
because we were a revolutionary country. And
if we apply a fraction of the courage, imag-
ination and revolutionary fervor the Found-
ing Fathers had when they signed the Decla-
ration of Independence, then we can put
forth the words and principle of that Decla-
ration behind the Iron Curtain in a way that
will win the peace and make democracy
live.
(Copyright, 1951, by The Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
DORIS FLEESON:
Controls Defeat
WASHINGTON-The future course of the
supposedly governing Democratic Party
is darkly clouded by the extraordinary man-
ner of President Truman's defeat on the
issue of controls.
A confidence was destroyed during the
viciously ill-tempered early morning hours
in the Senate last Friday that cannot soon

be replaced even if all hands genuinely want
to forget all that went on. Many still sore
and angry Senators do not believe that the
desire to repair the damage yet exists.
The President met disaster when Majority
Leader McFarland and Whip Johnson went
over to the coalition of Republicans and
Southern Democrats. All the middle-
grounders then lost heart. The leadership
next failed even to try to protect two Demo-
crats-Lehman and Benton--who had been
battling for the Administration program,
from bitter hazing by the coalition.
Old-timers who had seen two Southern
majority leaders, Joe T. Robinson and Alben
Barkley, lead stanchly for a Roosevelt pro-
gram in which they often did not believe-.
perhaps Senator Robinson never-could
hardly credit the defection of the new ma-
jority leader from Arizona. It is not un-
heard of for the leadership to thwart the
Administration with a certain inattention
or private attention-behind the closed
doors of the committee rooms. The McFar-
land-Johnson defiance was on a scale and
an issue of rare magnitude.

f j
y t
f i"
4
BAR . G
cd
IrC4

/
IeteP TO THE EDITOR
The Daily weicomes communications from its readers on matters of
generai interest, and will pubiish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
editors.

YR Convention .. .
To the Editor:
I BELIEVE the readers of The
Daily are entitled to know why
Senator Joe McCarthy of Wiscon-
sin spoke before the Young Repub-
lican NationalrConvention in Bos-
ton this past week and what sup-
port he really has among Young
Republicans for his "policies."
David Belin, former President of
the University of Michigan Young
Republican Club, Mary Martin,
former Board Member of the U. of
M. Club, and I were three students
from the University among over
800 delegates which attended the
Convention. Belin was on the
Iowa delegation, Martin on the
Indiana delegation, and I was
one off fifteen delegates represent-
ing the state of Michigan. Al-
though Dave and Mary did not
take any part in the writing of
this letter, I am confident that
they share the views expressed
here.
Senator McCarthy was invited
by the Young Republican Nation-
al Federation to address a session
of their biennial convention this
year. His schedule permitted him
to be in Boston on Friday night
which had been previously desig-
nated by the planning committee
as College Night. Over the mild
protests of the College Night plan-
ning committee and with the ap-
parent consent of the Collegiates'
national YR chairman, McCar-
thy's appearance was set for that
night.
After arriving in Boston and
with concurrance of the Michigan
Young Republican College Chair-
man, I made formal protest to the
College Night planning commit-
tee, stating that discretion in the
selection of a speaker for such an
occasion as College Night should
rest with collegiate YRs alone and
that a wider circle of representa-
tive college YR leadership should
have been consulted before the
choice was approved. There had
been no prior notice of the speak-
er received before our departure
for Boston-by the time of our ar-
rival it was too late for anything
to be done.
The planning committee, large-
ly composed of New England Col-
lege YRs, gave this explanation
for their concurrence in the choice
of McCarthy as speaker: 1) Bos-
ton Republicans will nominate for
the first time a Republican candi-
date for Mayor this fall - local
Democrats fear greatly McCarthy's
influence in the City in securing
Republican votes-his speech will
be excellent publicity for a Re-
publican victory in the fall. 2)
Some opportunity will be given for
anti-McCarthy YRs to "cross-ex-
amine" the Senator in informal
meetings and open press confer-
ences during his brief visit to Bos-
ton (which unfortunately were not
carried by the Mutual Network or
heard by the 1000 listeners that
filled the Statler Ballroom to hear
his major policy address."
The real reason for McCarthy's
appearance was carefully hidden
but finally became public - the
senior Republican party leader-
ship had presented the College
Night planning committee with
this choice: "McCarthy or no-
body." The planning committee
had fallen victim to the plot and

blinded by the spotlight into which
they were about to step settled
for "Fightin' Joe."
When this was made known we
lodged an even more intense pro-
test, but again it was too late.
As for the support which Sena-
tor McCarthy may have among
Young Republicans, we observed
that well over a third of the aud-
ience which heard his speech took
no part in the "deafening ova-
tion" (which was helped along by
a thirty piece drum and bugle
corps) with which the Boston
newspapers credited McCarthy. A
large number of college YRs pres-
ent were openly hostile (one dele-
gate was heard to moan, "I think
I'm going to vomit") and a sprink-
ling of Democrats in the galleries
applauded every mention of Pres-
ident Truman.
In our talks and contacts with
many college YRs attending the
speech, Dave and Mary and I
were convinced that they, too,
shared our outrage at McCarthy's
imposition on the college delegates
and had come to get a glimpse of
the man whose tactics - should
they be embraced by the senior
Republican organization - may
well lose for themselves what
young and liberal components the
Republican Party yet possesses.
Leonard A. Wilcox
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the Uni-
versity. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3510
Administration Bldg. at 3 p.m. on the
day preceding publication.
WEDNESDAY, JULY 4, 1951
VOL. LXI, No. 6-S
Notices
Placement Registration: The Bureau
of Appointments will hold its summer
placement registration on Thursday,
July 5 at 3 p.m. in room 4051 (audi-
torium) of the Administration Building.
seniors, graduate students, and staff
members are eligible to register. Also
students who are attending the Univer-
sity for the first time this summer are
eligible. There is no charge for registra-
tion at this time.
The Teaching Division enrolls people
who are interested in the educational
field on all levels-teaching, administra-
tion, and special phases of education.
The General Division enrolls those who
are interested in positions in all other
fields than education.
Persons seeking a position after sum-
mer school should register at this time.
February graduates are also invited to
register now so that their records may
be complete when employers begin com-
ing in the fall.
Personnel Requests
Corning Glass Works, Albion, Mich.,
is looking for Chemical Engineers (Glass
Technology) with a BS degree, also Me-
chanical or Industrial Engineers and a
few Electrical Engineers, June or Au-
gust Graduates.
standard Oil Company of New Jersey
have openings in venezuela and Aruba,
Netherlands West Indies, primarily for
Electrical Engineers, but there are also
a few openings for Chemical, Petroleum,
Mechanical and Architectural Engineers.
Unmarried August graduates are eli-
gible. Please contact the Bureau of
Appointments immediately if you are
interested because company representa-

tives will come for interviews if enoughr
men are interested.I
The Wayne County Civil Service Com-
mission announces openings for Child
Care Attendant I, men only. Pay rangeI
is $3,936 to $4,248. These positions are for
a cottage unit at the Wayne County1
Training School near Northville, Michi-1
gan. The positions may be of interest1
to undergraduate and graduate studentsI
in Psychology, Sociology, and Education.
Working hours. would be in the after-
noon or evening.
For further information about thei
above announcements please call at the
Bureau of Appointments 3528 Adminis-I
tration Building.
The General Library and all of theI
Divisional Libraries will be closed onI
wednesday, July 4, a University holi-
day.
standards of Conduct
ALL students, graduate and under-
graduate, are notified of the following
Standards of Conduct:I
Enrollment in the University carries
with it obligations in regard to conduct
not only inside but outside the class-
rooms and students are expected to
conduct themselves In such a manner
as to be a credit to themselves and to
the University. They are amendable to
the laws governing the community as
well as to the rules and orders of the
University officials, and they are ex-
pected to observe the standards of con-
duct approved by the University.
Whenever a student, group of stu-
dents, society, fraternity, or other stu-
dent organization fails to observe
either the general standards of conduct
as above outlined or any specific rules
which may be adopted by the proper
University authorities, or conducts him-
self or itself in such a manner as to
make it apparent that he or it is not
a desirable member or part of the
University, he or it shall be liable to
disciplinary action by the proper Uni-
versity authorities. Specific rules of
conduct which must be observed are:
Intoxicating beverages.. The use or
presence of intoxicating beverages in
student quarters is not permitted.
(Commtitee on Student Conduct, July,
1947.)
Women Guests in Men's Residences.
The presence of women guests in men's
residences, except for exchange and
guest dinners or for social events or dur-
ing calling hours approved by the Office
of Student Affairs, is not permitted.
This regulation does not' apply to
mothers of residents. (Committee on
Student Conduct, January, 1947.)
Exchange and Guest Dinners may be
held in organized student residences
(operating a dining room) between 5:30
p.m. - 8 p.m. for weekday dinners and
between 1 p.m. - 3 p.m. for Sunday
dinners. While guest chaperons are not
required, groups without resident house
directors must announce these events
to the Office of Student Affairs at least
one day in advance of the scheduled
date.
Calling hours for women in men's
residences. In University Men's Res-
dence Halls, daily between 3 p.m. - 10:30
p.m.; Nelson International House, Fri-
day, 8 p.m. - 12 p.m.; Saturday, 2:30
p.m. - 5:30 p.m. and from 8 p.m. - 12
p.m., Sunday 1 p.m. - 10:30 p.m. This
privilege applies only to casual calls
and not to planned parties.
Women callers in men's residences are
restricted to the main floor of the
residence.
Fraternities without resident house
mothers and fraternities operating as
rooming houses during the summer
have no calling hour privileges and
may entertain women guests only at
exchange or guest dinners or for social
events approved by the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs.
The University Tabulating service has
several openings for experienced key
punch operators on a part-time basis.
Must have at least six months ex-
perience on I.B.M. key punch machine.
Hours to be arranged. Apply personnel
office, 3012 Administration Building.
Art Print Loan Collection: Loan prints
may be picked up Thursday and Fri-
day between 8 and 12 in room 510 Ad-
ministration Building. A number of
prints are still available and may be
rented for the summer session at a
charge of 35 cents per print.
July Exhibitions at the Museum of
Art, Alumni Memorial Hall. Painters of
the Northwest and Water Colors by Mo-
holy-Nagy through July 22. Master
Prints from the Rosenwald Collection
through July 15. Weekdays, 9-5; Sundays
2-5. The public is cordially invited.
Academic Notices
Graduate stfdents expecting to re-
ceive the Master's Degree in August,
summer 1951, must file a diploma appli-
cation with the Recorder of the Grad-
uate School by Friday, July 6. A student
will not be recommended for a degree
unless he has filed formal application
in the Office of the Graduate School.
Doctoral Examination for A dri an
Hainline, Jr., Biological Chemistry;

thesis: "Some Problems of Biological
Conjugation of Benzoic Avid", Thurs-
day, July 5, 313 West Medical Bldg., at
1:30 p.m. Chairman, H. B. Lewis.
Seminar in Mathematical Statistics:
Thursday, July 5, at 4 p.m., in Room
3201 A. H. Mr. P. C. Cox and Mr. W.
S. Bicknell will be the speakers.
M. A. Candidates in History: Foreign
language examinations for the Master's
Degree in History will be given on
Wednesday, July 18, at 4:15 p.m., in 35
Angell Hall. Dictionaries may be used.
Students planning to meet this re-
quirement during the current summer
session should leave their names at the
History Office, 2817 S. Quad, not la-
ter than July 12.
Seminar in the Theory of Graphs:
An organization meeting will be held
Thursday, July 5, from 11 to 11:10 in
Room 2203 A. H.
Algebra Seminar: Professor Emil Ar-
tin will speak on the subject "Galois
Theory of Infinite Fields" at the meet-
ing of the Algebra Seminar on Thurs-
day and Friday, July 5 and 6, at 3
p.m., in Room 3011 Angell Hall.
"Law School Admission Test: Appli-
cation blanks for the August 11th ad-
ministration of the Law School Admis-
sion Test are now available at 110 Rack-
ham Building. Application blanks are
due in Princeton, N. J. not later than
August 1st."
Events Today
Roger Williams Guild: July 4, 2 p.m.,

meet at Guild House for an outing.
Bring bathing suits.
Graduate Outing Club: Trip to Big
Portage Lake at Waterloo Recreation
Area on Wednesday, the Fourth of July.
Picnic, swimming, volley ball, boating.
Meet at 1 p.m. at Outing Club Room,
Rackham Building. Bring cars, canoes,
blankets, etc. and 75c for food. All
graduates welcome.
Michigan Christian Fellowship group.
Picnic and games, everybody welcome.
Meet at 12:30 at Lane Hall. Transpor-
tation provided to Dexter-Huron Park.
Student Recital, auspices of the
School of Music. Don Thomas French
pianist, 4:15 p.m., Rackham Assembly
Hail.
"Green Grow the Lilacs" a comic
folk-play with music by Lynn Riggs,
opens tonight at the Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre at 8 p.m. This popular
play formed the basis of Rodgers and
Hammerstein hit musical "OKLAHO-
MA "Tickets for all performances may
be purchased at the Mendelssohn ox
office between the hours of 10 a.m. to
8 p.m. daily. Season tickets to the
summer series may be purchased until
Saturday.
Coming Events
Thurs., July 3-
"P h o n e t 1 c s and Pronunciation
Tests" Robert Lado, Assistant Direc-
tor, English Language Institute, Uni-
versity of Michigan, 7:30 p.m., Rack-
ham Amphitheatre.
United States in World Crisis lecture.
Harold H. Fisher, Chairman, The Hoov-
er Institute and Library. July 3.
Student Recital: James Morton, clari-
netist, assisted by Bethyne Bschofr, pi-
anist, and Jerome Jelinek, cellist, will
present a program at 8:30 Thursday eve-
ning, July 5, in the Rackham Assembly
Hall. It will Include works by Vivaldi,
Brahms, and Montbrun, and will be
open to-the public. Mr. Morton is a
pupil of Albert Luconi.
La Sociedad Hispanica and the De-
partment of Romance Languages will
hold a welcome reception for all sum-
the East Conference Room of the Rack-
mer students of Spanish and Spanish-
speaking natives on July 5 at 8 p.m. In
ham Building. Refreshments.
International Center weekly tea for
foreign students and American friends,
4:30 - 6:00, International Center.
Student Recital: Don Thomas French,
pianist, will present a program in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree of Master of Music at 4:15
in the Rackham Assembly Hall. A pupil
of Benning Dexter, Mr. French will play
compositions by Bach, Beethoven, Cho-
pin, and Ravel. The general public 16
invited.
There will be an organizational meet-
ing of all Brothers of the Omega Ps
Phi Fraternity at 7:00 p.m., in Room
3A, Michigan Union.
Carillon Recital by Percival Price,
University Carillonneur, 7:15 Thursday
evening, July 5. The program will In
elude three compositions by J. S. Bah,
six works for the carillon by ti. C.
Menotti, and a group of Canadian
Folk Songs.
French Club
The French Club will hold a meeting
Thursday evening at 8:30 p.m. In the
League. There will be games, French
songs, popular French records by Edith
Piaf, Charles Trenet and Jacqueline
Francois. All French-speaking tu-
dents are urged to come and get ac-
quainted.
Thursday, July 5--
Lecture, "Point Four, Education's Op-
portunity and Obligation" Claude ~g-
gertseny Associate Professor of EMue-
tion, 4:00 p.m., Schorling Auditorium,
University High School.
Linguistic Program lecture. "Phone-
tics and Pronunciation Tests" Robert
Lado, Assistant Director, English Lang-
uage Institute. 7:30 p.m., Rackham Am-
phitheater.
United States in the World Crisis lec-
ture. "The Strategy of Freedom: Ob-
jectives and Tactics in the Struggle
Against Depotism." Harold H. Fisher,
Chairman, The Hoover Institute and
Library, Stanford University. 8:15 p.m.,
Rackham Lecture Hall.
* *g

I

,4

I

i I

I

MAB JOH ArFACT
By JOSEPH ALSOP

x

BELGRADE-After many makeshifts, the
question of what to do about Yugoslavia
is evidently being faced at last in Washing-
ton. Warning .of grave danger of war, the
Yugoslav Chief of Staff, Gen. Koca Popovic,
has just asked for a massive grant of Ameri-
can military equipment. A substantial pro-
gram of additional economic aid for Yugo-
slavia is also being discussed.
These two parallel efforts to strengthen
Yugoslavia are likely to cost several hun-
dreds of millions of dollars, which can hard-
ly be asked of Congress without a major
policy decision. Moreover, the vital arms
program is likely to raise issues of pri-
orities as between Yugoslavia and Western
Europe, which may bring our other allies
into the debate.
The first season for resolving the argu-
ment in Yugoslavia's favor is very simple
indeed. There is no cheaper way of buy-
ing insurance against an early war start-
ing in Europe.
At present, as has been suggested in pre-
vious reports in this space, the future dan-
ger here must be regarded as very great.
This country is a center of heresy, which the
Masters of the Kremlin long to stamp out.
It is also a strategically vital position.
The conquest of Yugoslavia will neutralize

which invariably lies to its masters on these
subjects is certainly telling the Kremlin that
the Yugoslav Army is weak and that the
masses are disaffected. The surrounding
satellites are building up great military
strength. What could be more tempting,
then, than to try for a quick attack on
Yugoslavia by Bulgaria, Romania and Hun-
gary, with the hope of finishing the job
while London and Washington and Paris
were wringing their hands and the United
Nations was debating the crisis?
It is all too likely that this is the way thej
Kremlin sees the matter. The tremendous
efforts the Russians are making to divide and
paralyze the Western allience are clearly in-
tended to open the way for new moves.
The massive rearmament of the satel-
lites is also clearly preparatory. NextI
spring, when the maximum benefit has
been won from the attacks on Western
unity, and when the satellite rearmament
has been completed, will be the time of
danger.
And the place of danger will be here in
Yugoslavia. If this analysis is correct, there
is not much time left to make the Kremlin
see the matter in a different light.
One easy way to change the Kremlin's
mind, of course. would be for London and

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BARNABY

Como on, Mr. O'Malley. This way-

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