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June 30, 1951 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1951-06-30

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Y

MERRY-GO-ROUND
See Page 2

t AL C.Y

D~aitP

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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXI, No. 4-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JUNE 30, 1951

FAIR
FOUR PAGES

Marshall Sees
Ominous Red
Mobilization
Asks Large Sum
*For Allied Aid
WASHINGTON-()-Secretary
of Defense Marshall said yester-
day that the Communist world is
staging a "rather ominous" build-
up of its military strength.
As a vital part of the American
effort to match this buildup, Mar-
shall said, the nation must expect
to spend at least $6,300,000,000 a
year in each of the next three
years-a total of almost $19,000,-
000,000-on military aid to its
allies.
MARSHALL expressed the opin-
ion this will have to be done no
matter how the Korean cease-fire
negotiations result. Apart from
"the tragedy of the casualties,"
he told the Huse Foreign Affairs
Committee, Korea is only one inci-
dent in the world picture.
Marshall testified in favor of
the Administration's program of
$8,500,000,000 in foreign military
and economic aid during the fis-
cal year beginning next Sunday.
Of this sum, $6,300,000,000 is
earmarked for military aid alone,
most of it to Western Europe.
Marshall said rather diplo-
matically what many Congres-
sional critics of the foreign aid
program have put nore bluntly
-that some of America's Euro-
pean allies are dragging their
feet in the joint mobilization
effort.
Marshall balanced this, how-
ever, by saying European morale
has improved since the North At-
lantic Treaty organization was set
up and that "the confidence and
determination of our treaty part-
ners has grown considerably in the
past year."
He did not elaborate on his
statement that there is a "rather
ominous" Communist buildup of
strength. But he said "a crucial
test of the success of the mutual
security program must be met in
Western Europe."
Truce Ends
Ten Day AFL
AirlineStrike
CHICAGO - A strike of pilots
that halted service for 10 days on
United Airlines - the nation's
fourth largest passenger carrier-
} was ended yesterday by a truce.
The company and its 900 strik-
ing AFL pilots and co-pilots agreed
at a pre-dawn conference to re-
store service while the National
Mediation Board tries for complete
settlement.
"I don't think it will take too
long," was the optimistic comment
from Thomas E. Bickers, board
secretary who worked out the
truce agreement.
Theairline immediately began
accepting reservations and the
first plane, a DC-6 bound for Hol-
lywood, Calif., too koff from the
Chicago airport at 1:45 p.m. CST.
Eleven additional DC-6 flights
were in operation within the next
hour and the company said service
would be normal throughout the
entire system by 7 a.m. today. The
strike started early on the morning
of June 19.
President Truman called on the

pilots six days ago to end their
strike as "good American citizens.-

I ~.~....._________ ~------

iiiiiiiii

Allies

Ask

Red

Chief

To

Peace Conference

- *6

SAILING, SAILING-Members of the University Sailing Club are turning light summer breezes into
recreational enjoyment at Whitmore Lake these warm days. The club, which owns its own boats,
has issued a call for new members and plans sailing lessons and three regattas for the summer.
. e A
Willow VillagePopulation1
Faces Eviction1 Nex Yeaur

<"

By JOHN BRILEY
As Ann Arbor waits for the re-
sults of Federal Housing Expedi-
ter Tighe Wood's housing survey,
over 12,000 residents of Willow Vil-
lage face eviction from the lowest-
cost rental housing in Washtenaw
County.
Under the terms of the National
Housing Act of 1950 Willow Village,
the largest temporary housing pro-
ject built in the last war, must be
vacated and demolished by July 1,
1952.
ABOUT 890 'U' Veteran families
now living in the Village will be
affected by the action, according
to officials of the Veterans Hous-
ing Project.
Walter L. Funkhouser, general
housing manager of the Village,
will stop filling vacancies on
July 1, and issue eviction notices
to all residents next March 31
unless efforts by the Village Re -
sident Council to block the close-
out action are successful.
Marvin Tableman, the Resident
Council president, claims "the
order just doesn't make sense with
the need for housing increasing in
the Ypsilanti area."

TABLEMAN IS leading a group
of Village residents in a drive to
get the act appealed so as not to
apply to Willow Village. He is try-
ing to enlist the aid of Kaiser-
Frazer and the CIO, both of whom
he feels should be concerned with
the need for low cost housing in
the fast expanding defense area.
Albert Haywood, VFW Com-
mander of the Willow Run Post
has protested to Michigan Sena-
tors Moody and Ferguson that
the eviction order was definitely
ill-timed and, of carried out, will
create undue hardship for thou-
sands of veterans and their fam-
ilies."
There is a possibility that the
Village can be exempted from the
order on a technicality based on
its population relative to the "mu-
nicipality" in which it is located.
However, housing manager Funk-
houser says that he has been di-
rectly instructed to carry out the
order and that a request for "clar-
ification" on the 'technicality as
applied to the Village has not been
answered from Washington.
* * *
THE VILLAGE, which sprawls'
over 16 square miles in eastern

City Council President
Denounces Rent Survey

Washtenaw County, lies in part of
two townships whose combined
populations are less than half of
the Village's. It belongs to no "mu-
nicipality," but the Resident Coun-
cil has been trying to get Ypsilanti
to annex the area so that it could
qualify for exemption from the
eviction order under the relative
population technicality.
However, an Ypsilanti Town-
ship group has been granted an
injunction restraining the Coun-
cil from continuing annexation
proceedings. The issue is now
pending a lower court decision.
A ruling on the injunction has
been held up because the local
judge disqualified himself since he
owns property in the area involved.
In the meantime a group head-
ed by Burleson M. Fitzharris is in
IWashington trying to have the
order revoked or delayed.
ARTHUR M. EASTMAN, Chair-
man of the Ann Arbor Democratic
Committee, stated that if the group
fails and the Village is demolished"
the eastern part of the county will
be in a hopeless jam."
The Village was built in 1943
to house workers at the Willow
Run Bomber Plant, which has
since been bought by the Kaiser-
Frazer Corp. After the war it
was taken over as a Veterans
Temporary Housing Project.
Veterans from the University
have used the project since 1946.
The University still runs a regular
bus schedule to and from the Vil-
lage.
AT ONE TIME after the war
1,200 University families were
housed in the Village where the
highest rent is $35.50 and the low-
est is $21.50.
As the Veteran population has
decreased at the University, fewer
veterans have applied at the Vil-
lage for housing. When the defense
program first started to roll, how-
ever, the Housing Administration
considered expanding the project.
The current order has switched
attention from expansion to sur-
vival.
One Missing In
Lake Plane Crash
ASHTABULA, Ohio -(P)-- Aj
plane believed to have been carry-j
ing three persons crashed in Lake
Erie yesterday some 15 miles westJ
of here.
Two persons were reported res-i
cued by a speedboat dispatched1
from North Madison in Lake Coun-i
ty.

UN Artillery
Blasts Small
Red Attacks
Most of Front
Settles in Lull
TOKYO --(A) -Allied artillery
smashed attacks by two Com-
munist companies in Central Kor-
ea early today-hours before the
official bid for an armistice in the
year-long war.
A lull had settled over most of
the 100-mile battlefront yester-
day. But shortlybefore midnight,
the Reds struck northeast of Kum-
hwa. Eighth Army headquarters
reported they were hurled back.
KUMHWA is 17 air miles north
of Parallel 38 and at the south-
east corner of the Reds' shattered
"Iron Triangle." Frightful Red
losses in two ill-fated spring of-
fensives from that triangle pre-
ceded Moscow's suggestions for
field negotiations.
There was a bitter but local-
ized fight yesterday for a hill
in the West, and signs of stiffen-
ing Red resistance in the cen-
ter. But the overall situation
added up to a lull.
A hill north of Parallel 38 in
the West changed hands six
times. At nightfall, the Reds
held it.
In the mountainous center, 1,-
000 Reds stood firm against Allied
patrols probing the area of Kum-
son, a Red buildup point 20 miles
north of 38.
THE MOUNTING reports of a
possible impending truce were
passed from soldier to soldier
across the battle-front.
In East-Central Korea, a
North Korean Lieutenant serv-
ing as a political officer sur-
rendered to the Allies and said
Red troops also had heard the
report. He said word that Ja-
cob Malik, Russia's UN Dele-
gate, proposed a cease-fire, had
reached the Communist front
lines.
North Korea's Pyongyang radio
ignored the reports.
THE TERRIFIC cost of Red
failure to conquer all Korea in
more than a year of war was giv-
en in a new Washington an-
nouncement of Communist casu-
alties.
Through June 20, United States
date, the Army said Chiese and
North Korean battle casualties
were 860,300, plus non-battle
losses of 162,103 and 163,061 pri-
soners. The total of 1,184,464
was an increase of 22,964 over the+
previous week.+
McCarthy Blasts
ForeignPolicy
BOSTON -(P)- U. S. Senator
Joseph *R. McCarthy (R-Wisc.)
yesterday told the Young Repub-+
licans' Biennial Convention that+
the American people are "looking
for a man who will tear the rotten
Administration apart and wash it."
The Korean situation, he told
the convention, is the "planned be-t

trayal of 1951-for the first timei
in the history of this great nation,I
we have lost a war."I

Price Controls
Get Exeson
WASHINGTON-(AP)-Congress rushed through a bill extending
the nation's economic controls for 31 days yesterday, but slapped an
absolute ban on price rollbacks and most new price ceilings.
Final passage came less than 36 hours before all controls were due
to expire at midnight today.
If President Truman signs the bill, a vast series of price rollbacks
already ordered will have to be suspended.
The Office of Price Stabilization (OPS) estimated last night the
ban on rollbacks would cost consumers about $5,000,000,000. Rollback
orders affecting machinery, shoes, cotton textiles, and many other lines
of manufactured goods were sched-
/jU, * ATuled to go into effect July 2.

. 1lal IN avy
Stages Coup
In Bangkok
MANILLA--)-The U. S. Em-
bassy said today it had a report
that fighting was raging this
morning in the streets of Bangkok,
Thailand capital apparently shak-
en by a coup d'etat.
Apparently police were battling
revolting Thai Navy forces, who
earlier were reported to have
seized Premier Pibulsonggram,
staunch friend of the United
States.
* * *
THE REVOLTING Thai Navy
was believed to be defending the
Navy signal station about one-
half mile from the American Em-
bassy
The Navy radio said the Pre-
mier had been "arrested" during
a ceremony yesterday at which
an American Charge D'Affaires
presented a dredge to Thailand.
There was no shooting at the
time and no resistance to the
seizure of the Premier, the broad-
cast said.
The Navy insisted that the ac-
tion was taken by "officers of all
three services" who were dissat-
isfied with the Pibulsonggram re-
gime. Among the dissidents, Gen.
Luang Kach was mentioned. Kach
was a long-time friend of the Pre-
mier but was exiled to Hong Kong
a year and a half ago when Pibul-
songgram nipped in the bud a plot
aimed at his government.
The Army announced that the
Ministry of Foreign Affairs had
assumed control of Thailand's
government an dthat the Deputy
Minister of Defense had ordered
the Navy to remain in its bar-
racks.
English Estate
Fails Toa Lure
AKRON, O.-GP)-The James N.
Gape family of Cuyahoga Falls
O., decided that life in the United1
States is worth more than a $254,-
000 country estate in England.
Shortly after making this de-
cision public, they received a
cablegram from the estate's execu-
tors allowing six more months to
reconsider.
Gape's late cousin, Mrs. Sybil
Gape, specified in her will he
could have the property if he mov-
ed his family to England for life.
Gape estimates he would derive
an annual income of $5,000 from
it.
But Gape, 46, who still hopes
to inherit the property AND stay
in America, insisted his family's
love for the United States made
leaving impossible.

Congress worked at top speed to
ram through the eleventh hour
extension.
The House initiated the stop-gap
bill, adopting it on a voice vote
after a roll call vote of 232 to 159
added a "status quo" amendment
prohibiting all rollbacks and any
new ceilings except for farm pro-
ducts which might reach parity
price levels during the month.
A messenger rushed the emer-
gency legislation to thehSenate,
where it was immediately approved
by the Senate Banking Commit-
tee and sent to the floor. Senate
approval came within two hours
of House passage.
There was little doubt that the
President would sign the bill in
order to keep his anti-inflation
program alive, even on a restrict-
ed basis, until Congress completes
work on a comprehensive new law.
There was no debate on the bill
in the Senate. It sailed through on
a voice vote with only a sprinkling
of "noes."
The Senate's general bill falls
far short of giving the President
the additional control powers he
has urgently requested. Moreover,
it takes away some of the Admin-
istration's existing powers.
Iranian Reds
Blast U. So
Interference
TEHRAN, Iran-(/P)-Red dem-
onstrators denounced American
appeals for moderation in the
British-Iranian oil crisis yester-
day and shouted "Death to Tru-
man," "Death to Grady."
The efforts of Americans to
solve the :nationalization dispute
were condemned by speakers be-
fore a pro-Communist crowd es-
timated at 10,000 in Parliament
Square as "the blackest, most dis-
gusting interference in our his-
tory."
* * *
BOTH PRESIDENT Truman
and Ambassador Henry F. Grady
have urged a fresh try at nego-
tiation to assure the continued
flow of Iranian oil to the West.
Iranian police made no effort
to stop the demonstration, con-
ducted by a Communist front
called "The National Society to
Fight Imperialistic Oil Compan-
ies." Similar demonstrations,
mainly aimed against the Bri-
tish, have been held in the past
here on Friday, the Moslem
Sabbath.
A resolution denounced the In-
ternational Court of justice at the
Hague, the United Nations-backed
Tribunal which will hear today
Britain's demand for an injunction
to prevent Iran from doing any-
thing to worsen the dispute. The
resolution said the Court "is in-
terfering in the nation's local af-
fairs."

Danish Ship
Proposed As
Site of Talk
Ridgway Reveals
Armistice Move
TOKYO-(P)-Gen. Matthew B.
Ridgway today called on the Com-
munist Commander in Korea to
name a representative to attend
an armistice conference.
The Supreme United Nations
Commander broadcast his message
from Tokyo at 5 p.m., yesterday,
EST.
* * *
IT PROPOSED that the meet-
ing, which might end more than
a year of bloody conflict, be held
on a Danish hospital ship, the Jut-
landia.
The site would be the harbor
at Wonsan, Red-held port off
the Korean east coast. Wonsan
itself has been reduced to ruin
by ceaseless Allied naval bom-
bardment.
Ridgway addressed his message
in a broadcast simply to "com-
mander in chief, Communist forces
in Korea." The Korean Command-
er-in-chief and Premier is Kim I
Sung. The Chinese Field Com-
mander is Gen. Peng Teh-Hvai.
THERE WAS speculation at U.S.
Eighth Army Headquarters that
Lt. Gen, James A. Van Feet,
Eighth Army Commander, would
be the UN representative.
An Eighth Army source said
the North Korean representatives
probably would be Gen. Paik I
Woo, Deputy Commander of
United Communist Forces, or
Marshal Choi Yung Kum, Nort
Korean Field Commander. If the
Chinese Reds take part, he add-
ed, it will probably be General
Peng.
Thus Ridgway checked squarely
to the Communists the next move
to halt the war that began June
25, 1950, with the invasion of the
,Republic of South Korea by Com-
munist North Koreans.
THE U.S. GOVERNMENT yes-
terday sent general instructions to
Ridgway on negotiations for the
cease-fire. Contents were not dis-
closed.
IndWashington it was report-
ed that all the Allies-presum-
ably excepting the Republic of
Korea-had agreed to the step.
South Korea officially is opposed
to any cease-fire around the 38th
parallel, old boundary line be-
tween North and South Korea.
Russia Saturday set the ball roll-
ing by suggesting a conference to
end the fighting. Jacob Malik, So-
viet delegate to the United Na-
tions, made the proposal in New
York.
* * *
WONSAN, THE proposed site of
a conference, is on the northeas,
Korean coast. It is about 80 miles
north of the 38th parallel.
Ridgway's headquarters would
not say how the broadcast to the
Communist was made.
Headquarters indicated it was
transmitted in the Korean langu-
age.
General Van Fleet at Eighth
Army Headquarters declined to
comment.
Attendants at Haneda Airport,
where Ridgway's personal plane
stands always ready, said early
today, "it's almost a sure bet he'll
go out some time today."
No flight had been posted early
this morning, however.
Nothing came out of the air

from Peiping or Pyongyang, the
North Korean Capital. Radio
monitors in Tokyo were alerted
for any statement.
Across the Japan Sea in Korea
there was bloody fighting on
the *n front,. Action had
slackc.__., elsewhere.
At United Nations Headquarters,
UN Secretary General Trygve Lie
said he hopes the Allied offer will

a

National
Roundup

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Stuart

Sy-

mington, new chief of the Recon-
struction Finance Corporation,
yesterday cancelled loan-granting
powers of the RFC's 32 field of-
fices, saying he wants to make
sure the agency grants no more
non-essential or inflationary loans.
DETROIT - A man, swigging
from a bottle of whisky and
threatening to jump, was res-
cued from atop a 386-foot tower
of the Ambassador Bridge here
yesterday.
WASHINGTON -The National
Production Authority yesterday
announced it probably will lift its

,i
la
t
11
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1
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k
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Ann Arbor City Council Presi-
dent Cecil O. Creal yesterday said
Federal Housing Expediter Tighe
E. Woods' decision to conduct a
rental housing survey here was
"unnecessary" and a "political
play for votes."
Local Democrats who have re-
peatedly called for such a survey
shrugged off Creal's "politics" la-
bel and smiled happily. They de-
clined to predict whether or not
the survey would show that the
lifting of controls would be inad-
visable, however.
WOODS announced Thursday
that a representative of his office
would arrive in Ann Arbor short-
ly to conduct an investigation on
whether rent controls should be
abolished.
Creal said this survey-which
was not requested by the Repub-
lican controlled Council-is "un-
necessary and will be made to
back up their own thinking."
"Its about time government
officials adopted a moral re-
sponsibility and treated every-
one alike," he declared.
On June 18, the Council passed'
a resolution asking Woods to de-
control rents here on his own
initiative-an action which would
allow a possible reimposition of
controls in the future if they were
deemed necessary. This action

right. He hoped the survey
would be completed within the
next two or three days.
There was no indication from
Washington as to how thorough
the investigation will be.
A city-wide controversy was
roused on March 26 when Wash-
tenaw's Rent Advisory Board had
voted at a secret meeting to re-
commend that Ann Arbor's rent
controls be removed.
Four days later, Karl Karsian,
Democratic board member who
voted against the motion, resigned,
declaring that no real study of
the situation had been made.
Woods rejected the board's pro-
posal on April 16, tossing the pro-
posal question back to local of-
ficials.
Final Draft
ExamTody

Students get their last chance
to show the army that they belong
in college and not inKorea when LOCAL HORROR
they take the draft deferment test
today.
The test is being given for the r
throughout the country. Appli-____ Re
cants will meet at 8:30 a.m. to take Dt
the three hour long exam. Doctors reported today that

SHOW AFTERMATH:
)ort Frankenstein on Road to Recovery
BTTT. ALL WAS olst! T 1n I A fi aai nin miaa ir ~n vA - "m nan- - -or .nr

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