MATTER OF FACT
See Page 2
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXI, No. 33-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, AUGUST 11, 1951
Around Air Base
ment over locating a new $19,-
000,000 Air Force installation in
President Truman's home county
yesterday brought a week-end de-
lay in House action on a $5,768,-
000,000 Military Construction Bill.
The $19,000,000 would be used to
expand the airport at Grandview,
in Jackson County, Mo. Grand-
view was the home of Mr. Tru-
man's mother and he has used its
airport on various trips back home.
REP. GROSS (R-Iowa) sought
to knock out the Grandview item,
pointing out there is an Air Force
Field at nearby Sedalia, Mo., and
suggested it be used instead. He
said the Grandview field is a tiny
one, and to spend millions building
it up would amount "to a glorified
Gross' motion to strike out the
item was defeated, 56 to 15, after
Chairman Vinson (D-Ga.) and
Rep. Kilday (D-Tex.) of the
House Armed Services Committee
said that Grandview was to be
fitted into plans for a centralized
location for control of Air Re-
The Air Force announced some
time ago that it planned to
move headquarters of the conti-
nental air command from Mit-
ehel Field, Long Island, to Grand
view. The Air National Guard
is under direction of this com-
After his defeat, Gross moved to
send the whole bill back to the
Committee with instructions to re-
move the Grandview item. Lead-
sers decided to take a vote on this
Monday and, assuming that Gross
would lose again, to vote on the
MOST OF THE projects in the
$5,768,000,000 construction bill
were asked to help keep the U.S.
safe from Soviet atom bombs. Vin-
son reminded the House that in
the last war, the U.S. was quite
secure, and added:
"Today we face a vastly differ-
ent situation. Russia has the atom
bomb and the capability to drop
it within the continental United
Against that threat, it is
mandatory that we provide for
the air defense of this nation."
Vinson's statement was chal-
lenged by Rep. Cole (R-NY) who
told the House that as a member
of the Senate-Hou'se Atomic Com-
mittee he had "no information"
that Russia had the A-bomb.
Vinson retorted that Cole was
the only man in the country who
doesn't think Russia has it.
Clark Decides Not
To Live in Cicero
NORWALK, Conn.-(P) - Har-
vey E. Clark, Jr., the Negro whose
decision to move his family into
all-white Cicero, Ill. stirred up
bursts of violence there, told the
Bridgeport Post yesterday that he
intends to make Norwalk his home
in the near future.
"There are things I must see
through back in Cicero. But aft-
er that is finished, Norwalk here
I come," the 28-year-old Clark, a
bus driver, told a Post reporter.
Danger of Atomic Attack Behind
Move To Spread Out Industries
WASHINGTON-(A)-President Truman gave his blessing yester-
day to an "industrial dispersion policy" designed to spread out indus-
trial plants against the danger of concentrated atomic attacks.
Rep. Martin of Massachusetts, House Republican Leader, imme-
diately protested that the President was "flagrantly" defying Congress.
which recently refused to approve such a policy.
SOME CRITICS of dispersal have expressed fear it would be a
blow to existing industrial areas. Backers of the plan have contended
" it would benefit all areas.
UN Negotiators Return
To Korean Truce Talks
In Atmosphere of Crisis
Harrington yesterday upset reports
that there might be a compromise
between President Truman and.
Sen. Douglas (D-Ill.) over Har-
rington's nomination to the Chi-
cago Federal bench.
The hearing on his nomination,
he told reporters, had been delay-
ed only to give him time to refute
two witnesses who appeared
against him yesterday. The Justice
Department asked for the delay
last week which immediately led
to speculation of a compromise.
* * *
THE SENATE JUDICIARY sub-
committee is considering the Pres-
ident's nomination of Harrington
and Joseph J. Drucker to places on
the Chicago bench. Douglas' re-
commendations of William H.
King, Jr., a Chicago lawyer, and
Benjamin P. Epstein, Chicago Cir-
cuit Judge, were ignored by Mr.
Using a senatorial prerogative,
Douglas said the President's nom-
inations were "personally obnox-
ious," though he considered them'
estimable men. Douglas' phrase is
one that in the past, has usually
been enough to get the Senate to
block a nomination.
Arguing that the Senate has
a duty to maintain standards on
the Federal bench, Douglas said
he was trying to obtain "better
qualified men" by opposing the
Douglas said he had tried to left'
the controversy "above the level of
a power struggle with the Presi-
The witnesses Harrington had in
mind in his delaying action were
Dr. Erwin Pasternak, a Chicago
dentist; and Harrison Parker, who
identified himself as "Chancellor
of the Puritan Church, Church of
PASTERNAK'S objection was
based on the handling by Harring-
ton, as a Chicago Circuit Judge, of
a divorce suit brought by Paster-
nak's wife. Harrington submitted
court records on the case, and a
psychiatric report on Pasternak
from the Cook County behavior
Parker testified Harrington for-
merly was a member of the Chicago
Law firm of Kirkland, Fleming,
Green, Martin and Ellis. He said
the Chicago Tribune once paid
that firm $1,000,000 to "bribe" tax
authorities to omit the Tribune
from personal property tax rolls.
The policy statement approv-
ed by Mr. Truman said: "Since
1945, we have experienced a
period of unprecedented indus-
trial expansion, but, except for
a few examples, there has been
no pronounced trend away from
these concentrations (of indus-
rX#.v c i
"Some eighteen billions in new retirng r
plants and equipment were spent'
annually during the past four
years, largely in areas already
"Although we are increasing our
defense fronts, the danger of ato-; s On
mie attack grows and demandsz
that new and more positive poli-
i -h rt in t Lff t to otnin
XANDER G. RUTHVEN
resident reflects on 22 year career
cles De put n Lo ei ec o uouairl
added security for our industrial
establishment without jeopardiz-
ing its productive efficiency."
JACK GORRIE, acting chair-
man of the National Security Re-
sources board, issued an illustra-
ted booklet explaining the new
program. It was based on a study
conducted in Seattle by represen-
tatives of industry, labor and lo-
Rep. Martin declared the
President's dispersal order is
"just another step toward one-
man government in this coun-
Martin was one of the leaders
in the congressional movement
which brought about defeat of
similar proposals as an amend-
ment to the recently extended de-
fense production act. He said in
"When one man can so flaunt
the will of Congress so flagrantly
we are on the way to one-wan
government. The Congress might
as well shut up shop and go
The Government "encourage-
ment" of dispersal is to come from
such incentives as certificates per-
mitting faster tax amorization,
allocation of critical materials, de-
fense loans and defense contracts.
To Hike Taxes
BONN, Germany - (3) - The
Western Allies have informed
West Germany they expect her to
pay the occupation costs which
represent her share in western de-
fense through increased taxes and
not by borrowing, an Allied spokes-
man said yesterday.
The United States, Britain and
France last spring gave the Bonn
government a bill for 6,600,000,000
marks ($1,570,000,000) for occu-
pation costs in the fiscal year be-
ginning April 1. But the govern-
ment insisted it could rake up on-
ly 5,800,000,000 marks ($1,380,000,-
By BOB KEITH
The Ruthven Era ended quietly yesterday.
Unobserved except by a few bystanders, retiring University Presi-
dent Alexander G. Ruthven slipped behind the wheel of his heavy
green limousine shortly after 4 p.m., eased out of the driveway that
has been his for nearly 22 years, and headed for an extended vacation
at Frankfort, Mich.
* ** *
THE MAN WHO HAS GUIDED the University through one of the
most difficult periods in its history made the 300-mile trip alone. Mrs.
Ruthven awaited him in Frankfort.
His departure brought to a close a quarter century of physical
---~~~ expansion and administrative
40 1 change unparalleled since the
R es ;9yuttatgOn University's modest beginnings
134 years ago.
fLL Officially, President Ruthven's
0 Ol LO f job will not end until Aug. 31. But
for all practical purposes his re-
tirement began yesterday after-
noon when the squarely-built
Scotchman took his last few be-
longings from his home on South
WASHINGTON -(')- Edward University and temporarily left
J. Condon, long a target of critics the city.
who called him a security risk, re-
signed yesterday as Director of the PRESIDENT RUTHVEN said he
National Bureau of Standards. felt "no emotion" about leaving the
He left with praise from Presi- familiar white stucco mansion
dent Truman for "loyal attention" which has housed University chief
to his duties. executives for the past 110 years.
Enter West City
BERLIN- (A)-Tens of thous-
nds of Communist Blue Shirts
brayed from East Berlin's World
outh Festival into West Berlin
s sight-seers yesterday and boost-
d the total of such visitors dur-
g the week to a quarter million.
Red leaders didn't like it. The
ouths defied Communist orders
a surrendering to the temptation
a see how the West does things.
'he steady stream made a mock-
ry of the Iron Curtain.
* * *
EAST GERMAN leaders were
eported seeking new ways to keep
he Blue Shirts from exposure to
Vestern industry, enterprise, hear-
y welcomes, good food and lux-
A crackdown against a few se-
ected boys and girls backfired
omewhat. A young girl, bitterly
ttacked in East Berlin for her
rip, fled back to the West and
ried to commit suicide by slash-
ig her wrists. She was hurried
nto a West Berlin hospital and1
,romised haven as a political re-
Other youths were reprimanded,
erman sources said, and some
yven sent home. The incidents be-)
;ame common knowledge among1
he 500,000 or more roaming the
odge-podge of programs in East)
3erlin and stirred up discontent.
The Soviet zone Railway Ad-
ninistration said yesterday it was!
losing 28 subway and elevated
ailroad stations in East Berlin
ver the weekend.
Iit will also mean cutting off
Soviet East Berlin from rail con-
nections with Allied West Berlin.
Western observers pointed out
hat even if the Reds cut off all
public transport between the East
and West sectors, the Red youths
still can walk into free Berlin.
In Wreck of
SIMMESPORT, La., - () - A
Marine troop train and a Kansas
City Southern streamliner crash-
ed head-on and burned near here
Kansas City Southern officials
put the toll at eight dead and one
* * *
RAILROAD officials said the
troop train crew for an unknown
reason ignored an order to put the
train on a side track to allow the
streamlined Southern Belle to pass
on the main track.
Marine Corps Headpuarters at
Washington, D.C., identified the
dead marine as Corp. Chester
Louis Lipa, 21, of Detroit.
Kansas City Southern officials
first put the death toll at 14 but
said later they had learned that
reports that two marines, a brake-
man and four civilian passengers
had been killed were incorrect.
The crash occurred on a double
bend in fiat cotton and timber
country some 60 miles northeast
of Baton Rouge.
SENATOR FROM WISCONSIN
,' * *
WASHINGTON -(A)- Senator
McCarran (D-Nev.) said yesterday
his internal security subcommittee
might be willing to act as referee
in the quarrel between Senator
McCarthy (R-Wis.) and the State
Department over the loyalty of de-
On the Senate floor Thursday
McCarthy named 26 persons, in-
Philip Jessup, whose loyalty he
said had been challenged. The
Wisconsin Senator accused Jessup
and others of Communist sym-
Reds Keep Silent
On Other Issues
U.N. ADVANCED HEADQUAR-
TERS, Korea - (P) - United Na-
tions negotiators today returned
to the Korean armistice talks in
an atmosphere of crisis.
The Communist delegation at
Friday's resumption of the meet-
ings sat in stony silence. It re-
fused to talk about anything but
the 38th Parallel, or to budge
from its position that the buffer
zone murt be drawn there. The
Allies wa;;t the line north of the
* * *
THE STUBBORN attitude of
the Communist delegation pushed
the deadtoci-cd talks to the most
critical, point since they began a
The United Nations delegation
reached Kaesong at 10:45 a.m.
(7:45 p.m. Friday, Ann Arbor
time) by helicopter for the 21st
meeting with the North Korean
and Chinese Communist delega-
The conference began on sched-
ule 15 minutes later.
The delegates met for an hour
and 25 minutes and then called
a recess until 2:30 p.m. There
was no indication in any Army
announcement whether progress
was made during the first ses-
For two hour*,and 11 minutes
of Friday's four-hour and 15-min-
ute session not a, word wasex
changed between the Allied and
Red truce teams. And it wasf'*
because the Allies were not will-
ing to talk.
Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy, Chief
United Nations delegate, had pro-
posed--as he had in the past-
that a cease-fire buffer zone be
established generally along the
present battlefront -- which is
mainly inside North Korea. He
said the Allies were willing to dis-
cuss "possible adjustments" of
THE CORNING Glass Company
announced his appointment as di-
rector of research and development
at its Corning, N.Y., laboratories.
Condon's letter* of resignation
made no mention of his being a
target of a House Un-American
Activities Subcommittee threea
years ago. The committee describ-s
ed Condon as "one of weakest
links in our atomic security."
Condon vigorously defended
loyalty then and asked for a
hearing. None was held. A num-v
ber of Congressmen and officialsI
upheld his loyalty.v
Condon wrote Mr. Truman that t
"I can no longer afford to accept.
the severe financial sacrifice in-
volved." Condon had been draw-
ing $14,000 a year. The Corning
company refused to say how much
it will pay him.r
AS WORD OF Condon's actionv
reached the capitol, Reps. Vail andt
Velde, Illinois Republicans, said in
a statement his "resignation under
fire is too significant to justify
confidence in the assigned rea-
The statement added that Con-
gress had been impeded in its in-
vestigation of Condon "by the ac-
tion of the President in inpoundingp
the FBI file recording his activities,1
notwithstanding almost unanimousf
House passage of a House resolu-
tion requesting the surrender of
Velde said that on July 30 he re-
ceived a letter from Secretary of
Commerce Sawyer stating that in-
formation "with reference to Dr.
Condon" had been turned over for
review, to the Department's se-
curity officers with instructions
that 'it was to be carefully studied
and if such course were justified.
turned over to the Department
loyalty board for consideration."1
Police Still Seed
"It's never seemed like home to
the family," he commented.t
The structure, oldest existing x
on campus, was stripped bare
when the President walked out
of it for the last time.
The Ruthven family's furniture
and personal belongings have been
stored, disposed of or transferred
to historic Gorden Hall where the.
campus' retiring first family plans
to. reside for an indefinite period.
Gorden Hall, located near the
village of Dexter 25 miles west of
Ann Arbor, was given to the Uni-
versity in February by the family
of the late Judge Samuel W. Dex-
ter who built the spacious home.f
The Ruthvens will occupy two
apartments on the first floor.
President Ruthven wasn't sure
how soon he and Mrs. Ruthven
would return from their Frankfort
vacation to take up residence in1
their new home. Nor is it known
when President-elect Harlan H.
Hatcher will actually move into'
the president's mansion.
He is scheduled to take over ad-'
ministration of the University
MEANWHILE Vice - Presidents +
Marvin L. Niehuss and Wilbur K.
Pierpont have taken charge of op-
erations during the interim period.
President Ruthven assured
them however that he would be
available at all times for con-
sultation and advice. He has not
yet closed his large modern of-
fice on the second floor of the
Even the lifting of the burden
of presidential responsibility will
not sever President Ruthven's ties
with the University. He already has
lined up an office in the Rackham
Bldg. where he will be available for
He aso exects o cmn~ea. r
WHEN SOME fellow senators
accused him of smearing and call-
ed him "a character assassin,"
McCarthy offered to let a "com-
mittee headed by a good Demo-
crat" decide whether his charges
are justified. He mentioned Mc-
Carran as the type of Democrat
he had in mind.
"We don't crave it and are not
asking for it," McCarran said in
referring to the possibility that his
Senate group might make an in-
quiry. "But it might be ourstaf
could analyze it and present it.'
Among those named by Mc-
Carthy Thursday was John Car-
ter Vincent, former minister to
Switzerland and now chief of
the American mission in Tan-
Vincent said in a statement a
Tangiers yesterday he is disgusted
with McCarthy's "nefarious cam.
paign of attack against State De-
Jessup's office said he had n
comment on McCarthy's charges
ANOTHER MAN named by Mc
Carthy was Herbert Fierst, who i
a special aide to Assistant Secre
tary of State John D. Hickerson
Director of United Nations Affairs
Fierst telephoned a reply to th
State Department yesterday. De
partment officials said Fierst wa
"I have just received word o
Senator McCarthy's charge
against me," Fierst said. "Th
charges are entirely false. I an
not and have never been a Com
munist, pro-Communist or fellow
traveler. I am a loyal Americai
in every sense of the word."
such a zone
LT. GEN. NAM IL, chairman of
the Red delegation, said nothing.
And so they sat. The Reds fid-
geted and whispered among them-
selves. The Allies looked bored.
Finally, after the sitting con-
test had gone two hours and 11
minutes, Joy suggested they talk
about something else-inspection
behind rival lines in event of an
armistice. Evidently having anti-
cipated this suggestion, Nam read
a prepared statement of refusal,
still harping on Parallel 38 as the
center of the buffer zone.
However, another meeting
was set for today-at 11 a.m.
Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, Al-
lied Supreme Commander, called
a halt in the sessions last Sunday
after armed troops marched near
the Allied conference house the
day before. Ridgway sternly de-
manded stronger guarantees for
the neutrality of the meeting
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-The Office of
Price Stabilization yesterday filed
a protest with the Interstate
Commerce Commission against
proposed increases in round trip
fares by all eastern passenger-
* * *
GENTLEMEN PREFER BLONDES?
U' To Investigate Mating Tendencies
* * ,
Diamonds are a girl's best
friend, but gentlemen p r e f e r
blondes-or do they?
And do blondes prefer gentle-
ARMED WITH $100,000, a group
of University social and physical
scientists plan to seek the answers
to these and other questions under
a project called the Assortive Mat-
Under the direction of the In-
stitute of Human Biology, the sci-
entists have set up an elaborate
five year project to discover whe-
ther men and wonmen of similar
for the project's purpose. "But,
no city is, really," he explained.
THE RESEARCHERS will next
seek to find what traits men and
women seek in a potential mate.
Do tall men prefer tall or short
women, for example. They will
consider the effects of height, col-
oring, mental traits, as well as
social position, race, religion, edu-
cation, economic position and
physical condition on marriage
Because families with less in-
telligence tend to have more chil-
dren, many people think the in-
.telligence level of the population
New York Bishop To Run
or v IziucI1t inI1 Y7eJ oi;; ! QUAKERTOWN, Pa.-Mrs. Ella
Reeve Bloor Omholt, 88-year-old
- f .Communist pioneer known around
TT~r ttrt61__uih rbltn7 n qYi na~m9dan +ho a nlr- c - nths R n 1 Mm
.. . .