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July 28, 1951 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1951-07-28

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EDITOR'S NOTE
See Page 2

CLOUDY

Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LXI, No. 23-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JULY 28, 1951

FOUR PAGES

N ew Troops
Estimate Set
By Marshall
Pentagon Won't
Confirm Figure
WASHINGTON-(P)-Secretary
of Defense Marshall "threw top
Pentagon officials into considerable
confusion last night with his tes-
timony on Capitol Hill that the
United States plans to have 400,-
000 American troops in Europe in
1952.
The figure given by Marshall
was nearly twice as great as prev-
ious official estimates.
.HIGHEST defense authorities at
therPentagon told newsmen after
hours of frantic checking and
double-checking that they were
unable to explain or clarify the
basis for Marshall's statement.
Marshall himself could not be
reached. Aides said he left im-
mediately after attending the fu-
neral of Adm. Forrest P. Sherman,
chief of Naval Operations, who
died of a heart seizure in Italy
last weekend.
There was some belief that
Marshall may have made a slip
of the tongue. Top aides said
as far as they knew there was
no change in present plans to
limit the size of U. S. forces in
Europe to six combat divisions
totalling approximately 200,000
troops.
Newsmen pressed the top brass
for an explanation shortly after
Marshall came up with his sur-
prise figure in testimony before the
Senate Foreign Relations Commit-
tee.
Officials admitted frankly that
they were confused by Marshall's
testimony and could not tell
whether he was disclosing a new
development or had simply erred
in his figures.
Marshall also disclosed that U.
S. allies in Europe have promised
they will have 2,500,000 men under
arms next year and will be able
to throw 5,000,000 men into the
field within 90 days after the out-
break of any new war.
MARSHALL'S revised figures
came as a surprise to. lawmakers
who recalled his testimony on the
controversial troops-to-Europe is-
sue last Feb. 15.
At that time, testifying be-
fore a joint session of the Senate
Armed Services and Foreign Re-
lations Committee, Marshall said
there were no plans to send more
than 100,000 additional ground
troops to Europe to bolster the
two American divisions already
there.
He said the new contingents
would include 72,000 men in four
combat divisions-plus some 25,-
000 supporting units-and would
raise U. S. ground forces in Europe
to about 197,000.
Chaing Army'
Attacks on Red
ChinaFrontier
RANGOON, Burma-(P)-A Chi-
nese Nationalist army force has
struck 65 miles into Red China
from its refugee base in Burma
and seized a 100-mile-long fron-
tier strip in Yunnan province.
The Nationalists have captured
one airfield and are reported try-

ing to build another.
Communist troops in larger force
are counter-attacking from head-
quarters bases at Paoshan on the
Burma-China Stillwell Road of
the Second World War.
The fighting is about 200 miles
west land slightly south of Kun-
ming, the Red-held Yunnan Cap-
ital.
Although the Nationalist pene-
tration is relatively small-scale, it
is regarded as the most effective
action on the mainland this year
by forces linked with President
Chiang Kai-Shek's Formosa Island
regime.
TheNationalist force was auth-
oritatively said to number about
15,000 regular troops in three col-
umns.
Kimball Gets
Senate Okay

Auditors Reveal
GI BillMisuse
Blame Veterans Administration, I

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States for Waste of $20,000,000

BY JOHN BRILEY

.

The General Accounting Office, auditor of Government expendi-
tures, has revealed that 20 million of the some 14 billion dollars spent
so far on the GI educational program has gone to schools in over-
payments resulting from "irregular and apparently fraudulent"
practices.
The GAO, in a special report to a House committee headed by
Rep. Olin E. Teague (D-Tex.), blamed the Veterans Administration
and the states for poor handling of the seven year old program.
hI * * *
IT ALSO CITED "connivance on the part of unscrupulous opera-
tors and veterans."
The report, which was based on a survey of some 1,200 in-
stitutions in seven states, uncovered overpayments for such
things as padded school expenses, improperly charged items and
increased tuition rates for veterans in two-thirds of the schools
investigated.-
The only school mentioned in the GAO report was Secretary of
Defense George C. Marshall's alma mater, VMI.
While it is assumed the University was not one of the schools
covered in the report, a University spokesman said that the GAO
makes a yearly inspection of the University's veteran operations and
has made spot checks at various times since veterans first came to
the University on the GI Bill in 1945.
Failing to refund tuitions of veterans who dropped out of school
and setting special tuition rates for veteran students was cited by
the GAO as favorite devices used by institutions to obtain overpay-
ments from the VA.
* * * *
UNIVERSITY OFFICIALS said the University's policy in refund-
ing veterans' tuitions to the VA was exactly the same as applied to
non-veteran students. A partial reimbursement is made if the stu-
dent drops in the first half of the semester and no tuition is refunded
when the student withdraws after the term passes the half-way mark.
When veterans first came to the University both state and
outstate veterans were charged the higher outstate tuition rates
in accordance with a regulation of the GI Bill that permitted
this basis of charging the VA.
This method of determining tuition for veterans was changed to
a credit hour basis some four years ago, according to University offi-
cials.
Most universities and colleges have been charging the VA on the
credit hour basis, University spokesmen believe.
The credit hour tuition charge is approved in the GI Bill, but
the charge must be pro-rated with other federal aid-a policy much
ignored in the institutions studied by the GAO.
THE TEAGUE committee is investigating problems of the GI
Bill in an effort to draw up a better bill for veterans of the Korean
war.
The VA closed the door on the old GI Bill to most veterans
of World War II last Wednesday.
Under the law any veteran not enrolled and attending classes on
July 25 will be unable to get educational benefits under the GI Bill.
However, veterans who have had their courses interrupted by
summer vacation or other reasons beyond their control are still eli-
gible to training rights.
All veterans who have taken some GI training but have returned
to active military duty will also be permitted to resume their training
within a reasonable period after their separation or discharge from
service.
* . * *
VETERANS NOT affected by Wednesday's cut-off date include
those discharged after July 25, 1947. These veterans have four years
from their date of discharge in which to startecourses. Disabled vets
training under Public Law 16 are not affected by the cut-off date
either.
The 1,500,000 veterans still in training under the GI Bill will
have to complete their courses without interruption to retain
their GI benefits. Once they complete or discontinue their
courses-except for normal interruptions like summer vacations-
they will not be permitted to start again.
The VA has divided GI training costs into five categories. In the
last seven years $9,900,000 has gone for subsistence; $3,550,000 for
tuition; $376,000,000 for equipment; $86,000,000 for supplies and ma-
terials; and $26,000,000,000 for counseling-a total of $13,904,000,000.
Of the 2 million of this that has gone for overpayments, only
three million has been recovered, the GAO told the Teague com-
mittee.
The largest repayment was one million dollars returned by the
State of Alabama, according to the GAO.
NEW DORM RULING:

Pigeon Panic
"This place is strictly for the
birds," according to the antics
of an unidentified pigeon who
flew into the Daily editorial
room through an open window
last night.
The pigeon, whom some say
was disappointed by a rival
newspaper, managed to throw
the room into turmoil for ten
minutes as he flew back and
forth through the smoke-filled
air.
He finally perched on the
head of the night editor who
waved his hands madly
through the air shouting, "Nev-
ermore, while the pigeon
escaped through the window
with a piece of Associated Press
copy clutched in his beak.

II

BACHELORS BEACHED-"It was sad when the great ship went down," these four sociological ex-
perimenters sang as they gazed at their over turned raft from the banks of the Ohio River near
Wheeling, West Va. Fortunately, they managed to recover their guitar from the wreckage and un-
daunted they stood, Milton E. Bordon, Grad., Don Brown, '51, Geraldine Garcia and Mary Ellin
McGrady, Grad., as they prepared to salvage the raft "Lethargia" and continue their journey.
)M* * * *

Automobile
Steel Slash
Announced
WASHINGTON-(P)-Steel for
passenger car output was cut
another five per cent by the gov-
ernment yesterday, effective Oct.
1, to meet heavy demands for the
defense program.
Other consumer items such as
refrigerators, washing machines
and household electrical applian-
ces also will about five per cent
less steel than now.
THlE ADDITIONAL cut for par-
senger cars came as something of
a surprise to car makers, many of
whom had believed an easing in
the Korean tension would permit
more steel for auto production.
Some now forecast a hastening of
an eventual new car shortage.
Under yesterday's order by the
Defense Production Administra-
tion, auto output in the October-
through December quarter will
be reduced t o60 per cent of the
level before the Korean War
started.
This will mean a production of
a little more than 1,100,000 cars,
or about 100,000 less than in the
present quarter and 400,00 under
the April-June quarter.
Manly Fleischmann, Defense
Production Administration, said
auto manufacturers will be allow-
ed to use some foreign steel, if they
need it, to turn out the 1,100,000
quota.
Steel for household appliances in
the final quarter will be about 65
per cent of their pre-Korea ton-
nage, compared with 70 per cent
now.
The cut-backs came as the DPA
issued steel, copper and aluminm
allocations for the final quarter
of this year.
'Voice' Makes
Oatis Demand
WASHINGTON-(P)--The State
Department's "Voice of America"
yesterday challenged Communist
Czechoslovakia "in the name of de-
cency" to let Associated Press cor-
respondent William Oatis broad-
cast daily to show he is still alive.
Oatis is now in a Czech prison,
serving a life to 10 year sentence

Accident Fails To Halt
Hardy Lethargia Crew

MOUNDSVILLE, W. Va.-(Al)-
Four young experimenters in so-
cial conduct fished their belong-
ings from the Ohio River yester-
day, still bent on floating down to
New Orleans.
They want to learn what hap-
pens to mind and manners when
two bachelors and two women
have to live cooped up together
for several weeks on a 12-by 20-
foot raft.
"IT WAS sad when the great
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - A b a t t l e
royal which may become historic
is in prospect as the result of a
decision yesterday by Sen. Doug-
las (D-Ill.) to oppose confirma-
tion of two of President Truman's
nominees to the Federal bench.
WASHINGTON - President
Truman flies to Detroit today
for a speech in Cadillac Square
at noon.
S* 11
NEW YORK - Abner Green
was jailed yesterday for contempt.
joining three other bail officials
of the Civil Rights Congress be-
hind bars.
HAVANA, Cuba-The Cuban
Government revealed t o d a y
how "persuasive measures" in-
duced the Russian embassy to
cease publication here of its
Communist propaganda maga-
zine.
WASHINGTON -- The Hous
yesterday voted 376 to 0 to end
the formal state of war with Ger-
many more than six years afte
the shooting stopped in May, 1945

ship went down," they sang, from
a ballad about the sinking of the
"Titanic."
Their great ship, called "Le-
thargia," was upside down near
theg estVirginia shore at
Round Bottom, just downstream
from Moundsville.
"Lethargia" capsized Thursday
after hitching a tow with a big
river tug. The tug was too fast.
It swamped the raft, built on oil
drums with a canvas-covered cab-
in about eight feet square.
Mary Ellin McGrady, a 24-year-
old sociology student at the Uni-
versity of Michigan, and Geraldine
Garcia, 23-year-old artist from
Boston, managed to scramble
aboard the tug.
Milton Borden, 30 years old
from New Bedford, Mass., swam
to the tug. Don Brown, 24-year-
old Michigan student from Detroit
went down for a long time. Bul
he came up, grabbed an oar anc
swam to the West Virginia shore
MARY ELLIN is leader of thi
expedition, which set out fromn
New Kensington, Pa. She planne
to take notes of the adjustment
the four make in order to ge
along together in close confine
, ment.
"Silly," she called complaints
about unmarried men and wo-
men riding together on the raft.
All have "other romantic in-
terests," she explained.
Borden said the cabin will hav
to be unbolted before the "Lethar
gia" can be turned right side u;
again. He thinks he and Browi
can do it.
Not so fortunate was the ship'
e mongrel-puppy mascot. He wa
d tied to the raft when it overturn
ed, and though the crew attempt
r ed to save him, he was lost befor
. the rescuers got there.

Senate O'
s,
Wage-Price
Control Bill c
WASHINGTON-(P)-The Sen-
ate last night passed compromise
legislation to extend wage, price,
rent and other economic controlsC
through next June.a
p
The measure falls far short of i
the kind of program President n
Truman wanted.
The bill may be finally acted on r
by the House Monday.t
** *
IT WOULD replace the present 1
controls law expiring Tuesday ats
midnight, assuming President Tru-
man signs the new legislation. Hes
is expected to sign, perhaps with a
complaint that it doesn't go fars
enough to fight inflation.,
The weary conferees, who havel
been at work since Wednesdayt
in adjusting the different Sen-
ate and House versions, had theiw -
last tussles over rollbacks, price
markups and slaughter quotas in
meat production.
* They refused to write into thei
compromise bill any provisions for4
the use of slaughtering quotas.
Both Senate and House had taken
the same stand, over objections
from stabilization officials.
Senator Maybank (D-S.C.)
said he planned to introduce
separate legislation later to cov-
er the slaughter quota question.
The rollback plan approved
would permit the Government to
, order price ceilings on non-farm
commodities to the levels that pre-
vailed just before Korea-provided
cost increases, are taken into ac-
count. Senator Capehart (R-Ind.)
e said this would prohibit ceilings
a that do not reflect costs, both dir-
d ect and indirect.
s
t Conferees agreed that in some
- instances this could also mean
"roll forwards" on goods where the
manufacturer could justify higher
prices on the basis of increased
costs since the Korean War. They
told reporters the "roll forwards"
could apply to processed foods--
canned goods, bread and the like
-as well as manufactured pro-
e ducts.
p The Senate acted by voice
n vote shortly after Senate-House
conferees reached agreement on
s the compromise version. It gen-
s erally would key price ceilings
- more tightly to costs while per-
mitting some rollbacks to pre-
e Korea levels on all but farm com-
modities.

[red Demand
On Parallel
Said Likely
Allies May Want
Present Position
U.N. ADVANCE HEADQUAR-
'ERS, Korea-Allied and Com-
nunist negotiators resumed talks
esterday on the touchy problem
f a ceas-fire buffer zone in
'orea-with' the Reds probably
rguing for a line centered on
'arallel 38.
The session-the twelfth held so
ar-began promptly at 10 a.m. (7
.m., Friday, Ann Arbor time) and
ecessed 45 minutes later until
:30 p.m. No details of what tran-
pired at the opening session were
iven.
RED NEGOTIATORS were ex-
ected to argue at Kaesong for a
ease-fire line centered on the
8th Parallel.
Their reply to yesterday's Al-
lied statement on the proposed
buffer zone was due at the out
set of the session.
The Allied position was not dis-
losed. Presumably they proposed
i demilitarized zone along the
resent battle line. The bulk of
t is north of 38, as much as 35
miles on the east coast.
It was believed that the estab-
ishment of a three-mile naval
neutral zone offshore also was tied
o the agenda item as a U.N. pro-
posal.
The Allies regard the present
battle line-based on ridges-as
a good defensive one in case the
armistice talks break down and
serious fighting it renewed.
Fighting yesterday was of a de-
sultory nature. Intense Red artil-
lery and mortar fire blocked Allied
patrols seeking to seize hills on
the eastern front near Yanggu.
Allied planes continued to attack
North Korean supply lines.
The Red view on a buffer zone
was released in a broadcast Red
statement at the outset of the
Kaesong talks. It called for a
cease-fire zone 121/2 miles wide,
centered along the 38th parallel.
* * *
Top Officers
Refute Claim
On RedArmy
WASHINGTON-(P)-The High
Command of U.S. Armed Forces
publicly washed its hands last
night of a Pentagon officer's state-
ment that while U.N. forces have
halted their offensive in Korea
the Communists have taken ad-
vantage of the cease-fire talks to
make a "tremendous buildup" of
their strength.
Clayton Fritchey, information
director for the Defense Depart-
ment, told reporters that the
statement given out earlier by a
briefing officer does not reflect
official policy or views.
* * *
THE WHOLE AFFAIR assumed
the proportions of a SNAFU of
large-scale proportions.
Up to last night the earlier
statement had been regarded as
an official one inasmuch as the
briefing officer, departing from
custom, had told newsmen they
were at liberty to quote his re-
marks directly.
The briefing officer pointed to
what he termed the "tremendous
buildup" of Communist strength
since preliminary truce talks start-

ed, and expressed hope this was
not evidence of "bad faith."
Proof of the "good faith" of the
U.S. and its United Nations part-
ners, he said, was presented when
they let the truce talks halt their
advance at a time when the Reds
were "hanging on the ropes."
The officer drew a sharp con-
trast between the increase of Coin

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women Aiready Signed
Can't Reside in Vaughn,

By GAYLE GREENE
Women students who have al-
ready signed housing contracts for
next fall will not be eligible for
residence in Victor Vaughn House,
Dean of Women Deborah Bacon
announced yesterday on the heels
of an announcement that Vaughn
House will be converted into a wo-
men's dormitory next semester.
Only women entering as fresh-
men, transfer students, or those
enrolled in the fall semester who
do not already have housing com-
mitments, will be assigned to the
dorm.
THE RED BRICK residence hall
will provide two-room suites for
180 undergraduate women and at

from 495 to 450, and Mosher and
Jordan Halls will each lop off 25
occupants, Dean Bacon comment-
ed.
The proportion of graduate stu-
dents in Stockwell will increase
with the entire second floor, as
well as the ground floor, to be
devoted to single rooms for grads.
Dean Bacon explained that gra-
duate students require single
rooms because "oddly enough,
they study."
THE REARRANGEMENTS in
Stockwell will leave only 350 un-
dergraduates there and will sharp-
ly reduce the dormitory's member-
ship on the Board of Representa-

DR. FORSYTHE SAYS:
Students Healthier than in Last Era

University students of today are
healthier and take better care of
. t,} pm-,lvrnCthan viiAon. a ann

In 1929-30, students averaged
about six and a half visits each.

THE STATISTICS provide a
partial insight into changing me-

R '

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