THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, JULY 14, 1950
WASHINGTON - There was much more
than meets the eye behind the rather
cool letters exchanged between President
Truman and Civil Aeronautics Chairman
Joe O'Connell last week.
O'Connell's resignation goes back to the
fact that, for months, the CAB has been
debating the extremely complicated ques-
tion of whether Pan American should be
allowed to merge with the American Ov-
erseas. Since the U.S. government largely
subsidizes the big airlines, CAB has final
authority on such mergers and can be re-
versed only by the President himself.
During these months of study, it was dis-
closed that wherever Pan American had re-
ceived a monopoly route, the efficienty of
its service dropped.
* * *
FINALLY, THE CAB voted 3 to 2 against
the merger. The majority- Chairman
O'Connell, Harold Jones and Russell Adams
-wrote a strong opinion, finding that the
American system of free competition must
be preserved and that monopoly would hurt
the best interests of the nation. Two mem-
bers-Josh Lee and Oswald Ryan, long
known as Pan Am's best friend on the CAB
-dissented. This finding ,was sent to the
On June 30, the White House wrote back
over the signature of budget director Fred-
erick J. Lawton that President Truman had
OK'd the majority's findings and was against
the Pan American merger. But Lawton, who,
incidentally, personally favored Pan Am's
posiiton, added that it was felt the CAB
should leave the door open for further con-
sideration of overseas routes.
When Chairman O'Connell received this
note, he expressed some mystification at
Lawton's addendum. Nevertheless, the
Board started to announce its findings to
the public. By this time, however, it was
late in the afternoon, and Oswald Ryan,
friend of Pan American, argued that it was
too late in the day, and suggested that
the public announcement could go over
Next morning, it became known that Ryan
had paid a secret visit to the President and
had personally urged Pan American's case.
At 9:45 a.m., the CAB received a phone call
from the White House to hold up the 11 a.m.
scheduled announcement turning down the
Pan Am merger. And immediately thereafter,
Ryan appeared before his CAB colleagues
to tell them that President Truman had ask-
ed him to carry the oral message that he
wanted the entire question of the mergeir
reversed, and that Pan American should be
permitted to consolidate with American Ov-
The big question in Washington is-
what na4A the iPresdent change his mind
and rule in favor of a company which has
tried to cut his throat politically, and
which is now under investigation for wire-
On July 2, right after the White House
letter of June 30, opposing the merger, Sec-
retary of Defense Louis Johnson, who for-
meily was retained by Pan American, visited
the President on the yatch Williamsburg.
Johnson's law firm received $18,000 in lobby-
ing fees from Pan Am in 1948, and another
$18,000 in 1949.
(Copyright, 1950, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: PETER HOTTON
Senate Action on FEPC
IT IS FORTUNATE that the Senate has
killed the bill to establish a Fair Employ-
ment Practices Commission.
Such a law would be subject to many
abuses. It would give anyone who is fired
or refused a job the right to bring action
against the employer for an alleged dis-
crimination. Such accusations are easy
to make, but they are almost impossible
to prove. Who could determine that this
man is the best suited for the job? Even
if the employer were forced to hire a man,
it would be quite probable that the em-
ploye would be subject to much unpleas-
antness as long as he held that job. Con-
ditions might be so unpleasant that he
would resign. Thus, discrimination might
still exist under the FEPC.
Further, this proposed law takes away
the essential right of the employer to hire
whom he wants. No bureau or bureaucrat
should be able to tell the employer whom to
hire on any grounds. If the employer chooses
to hire a man because he goes to the same
church as the employe; that is the employ-
er's business and no one else's. If that man
is not the best person suited for the job, that
is the employer's business. It is his right to
run his business a he sees fit.
If the FEPC were in effect; the employ-
er could be prevented from hiring a mem-
ber of his family, if another person who
was better qualified sought the same job.
Surely, no person with common sense
would propose that the government do all
the hiring and firing in the United States.
Yet that is just what the proponents of
FEPC want to do. It is a fundamental
right of the employer to hire and fire as he
pleases. Perhaps it can best be summed up.
in the words of President Truman: "No
SOB is going to tell me who to hire or
It is my hope that I am not misunderstood.
The purpose of this editorial is not to uphold
discrimination. Discrimination is undesir-
able, but legislation cannot end this dis-
THE MOST SUCCESSFUL campaigning in
the recent primary elections in the
South was carried on by candidates who
would ask white citizens, "Do you want this
Negro working alongside you? Then vote for
me and it won't happen."
In light of things of this nature occurring
in this country, it is not surprising to hear,
in reports from Korea, that there is greater
spirit and a greater will to fight among the
North Koreans than the South Koreans.
Evidently the Communist. propaganda
has put the North Koreans in a trance.
And as they go into battle they see visions
of the justice, opportunity, and equality
that they are told a Communist victory
To American propaganda about the nice=!
ties of democracy the North Koreans prob-
ably raise the following questions: Would
Koreans in America be able to live on any
street they chose? Would Koreans be able to
work at any job for which they had the
To these questions we can give no justi-
fiable answers. But we could have, had thi
Senate not killed the FEPC bill. Had they
gone ahead and passed it a good part of the
smear of discrimination and inequalities o
opportunity in the U.S. would have beer.
erased and we would have taken a great
step toward achieving a more perfect demo-
Of course, abuses of an FEPC law would
arise. But even with only nominal enforce-
ment there would be compliance in the
majority of instances. The practice of hir-
ing on bases other than that of race or,
religion would spread. And it would seem
likely that in due time the mental barriers
of the abusers which had been causing
them to discriminate would disappear in
the face of the new precedent.
In a democracy there constantly are con-
flicts between rights. And the right that is"
more vital to the enhancement of democrat-
ic institutions must be given priority. In this
case the right to be able to earn a living,
according to one's ability is more essential
to democracy than the right to discriminate,
because of race or religion.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
. - - e ieiiiiieiiie---
I , __ _ ________ _______ ______________ _ ____ ________________,
LOUISIANA STORY. Produced and di-
rected by Robert Flaherty from a story
by Frances and Robert Flaherty. Pho-
tography by Richard Leacock; edited by
Helen Van Dogen. Music by the Phila-
It is often the wont of Lovers of the Film
to gather in solemn conclave to lament the
passing of the giants, and to offer direful
predictions about the future of cinema as
any kind of an art form. Along with this
point of view often goes a corollary atti-
tude: to be good, a film must be: (a) old,
and (b) foreign. And to document their
findings the mourners have no difficulty
at all in finding such awful examples as the
nearby S and D, a technicolor spectacle
type epic directed by one Cecil B. De M----.
Unhappily there is much truth in all
this, as there is also much that is wrong
in it. It is perfectly true that Americans
are producing an impressive number of
lemons; it is likewise true that the French,
Italian and British film-makers are turning
out their share, too. We just don't get to
see them here. And no country has a mo-
nopoly on the idea that you can very often
cover up a poor story with high-priced
names and technical flourishes.
I likewise suspect that there is not much
to be said for the notion that somehow all
the really great films were produced before,
say, 1935. It doesn't hold up statistically.
Instead, I find myself a subscriber to
the "giant" theory: the idea that there
are and have been single men who hold in
their minds a complete and sustained
idea of what their films should be, and
who are strong enough or important
enough to see that their pictures come out
that way. Sergei Eisenstein, D. W. Grif-
fith, and John Ford, for example.
By way of substantiation I offer the present
film and the present producer. It is no
great surprise to find that Robert Flaherty
is still capable of producing good pictures;
it is something of a pleasure to discover
that he still manages to make himself heard
above the Technique. His eye is manifestly
as steady as ever, and the "Louisiana Story"
belongs somewhere ahead of "Man of Aran"
and "Song of Ceylon" and somewhere be-
Flaherty appears still to be operating
upon the principle that pictures are to be
made primarily about people and only
secondarily about things or situations;
and that technical gimmicks ought to be
used only when they help . . . a lesson
which is yet to be learned by people like
Orson Welles and the aforementioned Ce-
cil B. De M----.
"Louisiana Story" has to do, briefly, with-
a young Cajun boy who believes in mer-
maids and evil spirits and a great oil com-
pany which moves into his particular bayou.
with its machinery and equipment. It is
not much more complicated than that: you
may, but the boy doesn't, see any great con-
flict between his world and the machine's.
Flaherty's cast is, as it always has been,'
non-professional. His technique is usually
to hang around the people he intends 'to
film for several months until he locates
both his story and his actors, and to build
from there. Young Joseph Boudreaux plays
the Cajun boy and, of course, does not have
to act to do it.
The camera is around only to record, nev-
er to magnify. Most of the film seems to
have been shots on silent; there are only in-
frequent dialogue-sequences. The dubbed-
in sound track makes use of music occasion-
ally and effectively, ,but its most impres-
sive function is simply as a recorder of
sounds. Again and again Flaherty takes
you abruptly from the quiet bayous to the
booming oil rig, emphasizing contrasts, and
it is about the only evidence of Flaherty
"Louisiana Story" does not have the
impact of "Nanook" simply because its
subject matter is not as important as
"Nanook's." The encroachment of the ma-
chine unnp rimitiven ife isnot. utimate-
Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the Office of the
Summer Session, Room 3510 Admin-
istration Building, bym3:00 p.m. on
the day preceding publication (11:00
FRIDAY, JULY 14, 1950
VOL. LX, No. 12-S
The Lane Bryant organization of
New York, New York has openings
in their executive training pro-
gram for young men and women
interested in entering the retail
field. For further information
please call at the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 3528 Administration
The United States Civil Service
Commission announces an exami-
nation for Engineering Aid and
Scientific Aidnfor positions in Illi-
nois, Michigan and Wisconsin. No
closing date. For further informa-
tion call at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 3528 Administration Build-
U. of M. Hostel Club: CORREC-
TION: There will be no swimming
activities Sunday afternoon and
Approved student organizations
for the Summer Term:
Graduate Outing Club.
India Student's Association.
Inter Arts Union.
Law Students Association.
Young Progressives of America.
Lecture, Alumni Memorial Hall,
July 17, at 8:00 p.m. "The Art of
Edvard Munch" by Frederick S.
Wight, Associate Director, Insti-
tute of Contemporary Art.
A lecture illustrated in color on
the Norwegian painter and gra-
phic artist, Edvard Munch.
Friday, July 14
Contemporary Arts and Society
Program. Lecture. Carl Maas. 4:15
p.m., Architecture Auditorium.
Doctoral Examination for Ver-
non S. Sprague, Education; thesis:
"Performances C o n t r a s t e d to
Measures as Precise Estimators of
Strength in Physical Develop-
ment", Friday, July 14, West Al-
Bldg., at 10:00 a.m. Chairman, B.
Willard MacGregor, Guest Pian-
ist, will be heard at 8:30 Tuesday
evening, July 18, in the Rackham
Lecture Hall, in the first of two
programs to be played during the
summer session. The first will in-
clude compositions by Mozart,
Bach, Bartok, Faure and Ravel;
the second, scheduled for August
1, will be an All-Chopin program.
Both are open to the general pub-
lic without charge.
Composers' Forum, under the di-
rection of Ross Lee Finney, Pro-
fessor of Composition in the
School of Music, 8:30 Monday eve-
ning, July 17, in the Rackham As-
sembly Hall. Elaine -Brovn, Ann
McKinley, Digby Bell, and Anita
Bassett, pianists, Leslie Eitzen, so-
prano, and Joan Bullen Lewis,
cellist, will perform compositions
by Grant Beglarian, Robert Cogan,
Frederick Don Truesdell, and Les-
lie Bassett. The program will be
open to the public.
Student Recital: Elizabeth Tho-
mas, Organist, will present a pro-
gram at 4:15 Sunday afternoon,
July 16, in Hill Auditorium, in
partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the Master of Music de-
gree. Her program will include
compositions by Buxtehude, Bach,
Franck and Vierne, and will be
open to the public. Miss Thomas
is a pupil of Josef Schnelker. The
recital was previously announced
for Sunday evening.
General Library, main lobby
cases. Contemporary literature
and art (June 26-July 26).
Rackham Galleries: "Contem-
porary Visual Arts" and "Ameri-
can Painting Since the War,"
Museum of Archaeology. From
Tombs and Towns of Ancient
Museums Building. R o t unda
exhibit, Fossil Flora of the Mi-
chigan Coal Basin. Exhibition
halls, "Nature's Balanced Eco-
Law Library. History of Law
School (basement); classics for
collectors (reading room).
Michigan Historical Collections.
160 Rackham Building. Tourists
in Michigan, yesterday and today.
Museum of Art. Oriental cera-
mics (June 26-August 18). Mo-
dern graphic art (July 2-30).
Clements Library. American
Colonial Culture. (July 5-August
Lane Hall Coffee Hour: Lane
Hall, 4:30-6:00 p.m. All students
The University Museums will
have a program on Friday evening,
July 14, entitled "Natures Bal-
anced Economy." The exhibits to
be featured in the Museums Build-
ing will be on display from 7 to
9 p.m. Three short reels of motion
pictures entitled "What is soil?",
"Earthworm," and "Wonders in
your own back yard," will be
shown in Kellogg Auditorium at
The current rotunda exhibit of
the Museums Building is entitled
"The Coal Flora of Michigan."
Grad. Student Mixer, Fri., July
14, 8:30 p.m., Rackham Assembly
Dr. Ralph D. Rabinovitch, Neur-
opsychiatric Institute, will be our
psychiatrist consultant at the case
clinic Friday, July 14, at the Fresh
Air Camp, Pinckney, Michigan.
Contemporary Arts and Society
Program. Motion picture, in col-
laboration with Art Cinema Lea-
gue, "Louisiana Story" (admis-
sion free). 7:30 and 9:00 p.m., Hill
Play, presented by the Depart-
ment of Speech, "Antigone and
(Continued on Page 3)
THOMAS L. STOKES:
WASHINGTON - It has become fairly clear by now that the
"socialism" issue can be manufactured, assembly-line fashion, in
wholesale lots, on order and at cost, for propaganda purposes,
One of our great industries, the private electric utilities, ad-
mits that it is doing just exactly that. It tells you frankly, in a
pamphlet-"The Public and You"-prepared by the Electric Com-
panies Advertising Program-ECAP-and distributed to utility
managements. This explains all the "socialism" stuff you see and
hear in their advertising, printed and over the radio, directed at
the government's public power program which includes proposed
extension of the TVA idea to other great river basins.
Let's begin at the beginning with the problem posed for the
utilities in the fascinating continued story presented by ECAP based
on a series of polls by Opinion Research Corporation.
* * * *
THE PROBLEM IS that a majority of people in the country approve
TVA and its extension elsewhere. The polls show that 63 per cent
of the people favored TVA in 1949, a drop from 67 per cent in 1947.
Only 10 per cent disapproved as compared with 8 in 1947, and 27
per cent had no opinion as contrasted with 25 in 1947.
A breakdown by categories is even more significant, showing
that 65 per cent of upper income people approve TVA, with 16
against, others no opinion; Republicans, 55 per cent approving,
17 against; editors and educators, 83 per cent approving, 7 dis-
approving; "free enterprises," 53 per cent for, 23 against.
"This is a shocker," the ECAP pamphlet comments. "Sixty-three
per cent of the people approve TVA. Are they socialists? 'Liberals'?,
Fuzzy thinkers? Low income folks? Apparently not . . . these are
people who read and get around and think, and supposedly recognize
a fact when they see it. This chart gives very strong evidence that
private industry's side of the TVA story has been buried in the rubble
of bureaucratic propaganda."
While the polls show 63 per cent also approve TVA extension
in other parts of the country, with 15 against, and 22 with no
opinion, ECAP takes hope from the fact that, as for setting up
TVA's in the part of the country where the person resides, the
percentages are 43 per cent for, 39 against, and 18 with no opinion.
This, it says, shows that "most of them seem to think it is a noble
experiment to raise the standard of living for some less fortunate
groups 'way off there' somewhere.
Now for the plot. What to do about it?
THE ECAP FOUND an answer upon which it is acting in another
poll. In reply to the question "Would socialism be good thing or
bad thing for the United States?"-69 per cent said "bad," only 10
per cent "good," and 21 per cent had no opinion.
"From the preceding charts," ECAP says, "it is apparent that
to link our fight to the TVA question would run into a lot of
opposition, most of it based on lack of knowledge. But to link our
fight to socialism is something else again. The people do not want
"We're on favorable ground there. ECAP advertising in magazines
and on the radio will stress the fight against the socialistic state more
in the future. It should be stressed, too, on the local level . . . in
speeches, radio talks, interviews and other expressions of manage-
There-the cat's out of the bag. Just cry "socialism."
THERE'S ANOTHER WAY suggested by ECAP, too-a "big employe
education job" to get utility employes to tell the story to the
customers. The need for that is shown by another poll which reveals
that 90 per cent of customers never have had a power company
employe talk to them about the company. But, alas, there's a hitch
there, too. For 45 per cent of utility employes are for TVA, another,
poll discloses, with 40 per cent disapproving, and 15 per cent having
"Maybe it's just as well our employes haven't talked much,"
the pamphlet concludes dolefully.
It looks like a lot of "education" is needed all around.
(Copyright 1950, by United Feature syndicate, Inc.)
Atomic B~omnb & Korea
By J. M. ROBERTS, JR.
AP Foreign Affairs Analyst
THE UNITED STATES has reserved the right to use the atom bomb
whenever it seems called for.
The real blame, Secretary Acheson points out, will lie with those
who use aggression. After that the weapons which come into play
Acheson's statement was made during an attack on the "World
Peace Appeal" which would label A-bomb users as war criminals.
It came simultaneously with a rising tide of expressions in Con-
gress and elsewhere in favor of use of the bomb to end the Korean
It also happened to coincide with a 500-ton bombing raid by
B-29's on a North Korean rail
center which naturally raised the
question "what's the difference, ex-
cept that one A-bomb would have
done four times the job?" "* t
Well, I think there is one differ-
ence. The people who live around
those railroad tracks are just as
much the victims of their Com-
munist masters as are the people
below the 38th parallel. If preci-
sion bombing can do the military
job, then that is better politically
than to wipe out either the lives
or homes of those people indis-
A FEW MOMENTS after the curtain had
risen on Jean Anouilh's "Antigone and
the Tyrant," at the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre, I knew it would be impossible to
write unkind words of Alice Juzek, the
Speech Department's Antigone; she is re-
However, Miss Juzek's performance
made any deceits unnecessary. In spite of
several momentary lapses, she was a
passionate Antigone, confidently and cour-
ageously combatting the evil of her uncle,
Creon, splendidly portrayed by Nafe Kat-
ter, who will be remembered for his out-
standing interpretations in Carroll's "On
Borrowed Time" and Moliere's "School for
Miss Juzek, as the "dark, tense" girl who
opposes the inhuman forces of the world,
and Katter, the personification of the in-
humanity, were responsible for a fine pre-
sentation of the modern play, quiet though
delicately paced, with a theme of antiquity.
It is interesting to note that Katter's
ability to convince was so magnificent that
the production, in spite of Miss Juzek's at-
tempts to maintain her position as the sym-
pathetic protagonist, was marred fnterpre-
tively; she was unable to capture all of the
understanding that Creon had craftily seized.
Briefly, Creon, king of Thebes. has or-
At no time, however, did she lose command
of an expert vocal quality, a major factor
in her overall success.
The overpowering irony at the play's
end, Creon's task of interring three (his
son Haeman, more than adequately en-
acted by Earl Matthews after an initial
lack of ease, his wife Eurydice, and Anti-
gone) where he had previously refused to
bury one, and the messenger's quiet pro-
nouncement that Haeman had not only
struck Creon but had attempted to stab
him before committing suicide, produces a
gripping resolution. The tyrant, still un-
able to recognize the "sanctity of human
dignity," cannot make the distinction be-
tween the "things that are Caesar's and
the things that are God's."
The usually fine Hugh Z. Norton direction
is at fault in the tragi-comic scene between
Antigone and the first guard, who is symbolic
of the duty-bound, impressionable followers
of tyrants. The tragic implications went un-
noticed because of Robert Hawkins' capacity
for fulfilling an assigned characterization,
It was not until the final lines of the Chorus,
played to the utmost by another master of
the voice, Richard Burgwin, that there was
a realization of the guards' complete role.
Norma Stolzenbach was convincing as the,
maid, but Joyce Edgar exhibited a lack of
REP. BENTSEN (Democrat, of
Texas) wants to tell the North
Korean military commanders to
either withdraw beyond the 38th
parallel within a week or use the
time to evacuate their cities in
preparation for receipt of atom
In one respect, this would be
somewhat like the United Nations
resolution at the start of the fight-
ing, which demanded an immed-
iate cease fire. When this was ig-
nored, force was called into play.
It's the classic idea of force as the
ultimate extension of diplomacy.
But the bomb is everywhere con-
sidered an American weapon, rath-
er than an adjunct of the United
Nations under those auspices the
U.S. escapes the taint of imperial-
ism in Korea. The oriental mind is
not something for an occidental
to pass on hurriedly.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan underthe
authority of the Board in Control of
Philip Dawsen........Managing Editor
Peter Hotton ... ........ .City Editor
Pat Brownson.......Women's Editor
Roger Wellington....Business Manager
Walter Shapero... Assoc. Business Mgr.
Member of The Associated Press
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entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
mattersherein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
Subscription during regular school
year by carrier, $5.00, by mail, $6.00.
The chalk marks are
kind of worn off now,
but ;t ;e iwhre *he
My Pop's going to run)
a gasoline stalion-
Trt~ s e -,..-.2 . 4
highway will run through
e woods. See that stake?
Well, t con look it up at the
Court House-That is-Heh, heh-