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ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JULY 2, 1950
VOL. LX, No. 5-S
75 Die on Road;
15 More Drown
By The Associated Press
The nation hit the road for the
long Independence Day weekend
And death hitchhiked along.
National Safety Council officials
hoped that careless motorists
wouldn't make 1950's "glorious
Fourth" the ,nation's goriest
BUT THEY predicted that 385
persons would be killed in traffic
accidents by Tuesday midnight
unless drivers take extra precau-
tions for safety.
NSA TOUR SET:
Sail for Overseas
By ROMA LIPSKY
Special to The Daily
NEW YORK, June 27 (Delayed)-With festive band music and
waving handkerchiefs as 9, send-off, the 550 European bound students
who had been "beached" in this city for four days sailed today aboard
the U.S. transport ship, the General C. C. Ballou.
Included in the group were two University students, Bill Markey,
'50 and Art Ablin, '52Med. Both had arrived in New York on June 20,
prepared to sail on the Norwegian liner, the Svalbard the following
day. The Coast Guard announcement, made shortly before sailing time
on June 21, that the ship would not sail, left them "completely stun-
ned," Markey said.
"OUR FIRST REACTION was that it must be a mistake, and the
_'-boat would go," Ablin added.
* * *
* * *
KOrea Reds Stalled
Just South of Seoul
American Troops Not Set To Figh-
Immediately; Rush More by Sea
By The Associated Press
The first U.S. troops to arrive in Korea yesterday moved .
toward battle positions north of Taejon against North Korean in
vaders who appeared stalled on the plains south of Seoul.
Taejon is 73 miles south of the fighting front, which Gener
MacArthur's Headquarters indicate is about 10 miles south of Seou
ASSOCIATED PRESS correspondent Tom Lambert in a dispat
from Taejon said the Americans were not expected to go into acti
for a day or two.
(In Washington, the Navy announced that heavily-protecte
sea convoys were rushing more U.S. Infantry to Korea. A giar
American airlift over 7,000 miles' s * *
From 6 p.m. Friday to late
yesterday afternoon, 75 persons
already had perished in highway
crashes. Another 15 drowned,
and 12 more died of various oth-
er accidental causes.
One bright note was the fact
that fireworks-once a big Fourth
of July killer-caused none of the
holiday's early fatalities.
SIN MICHIGAN the least crowd-
ed places yesterday were the cities.
Up to late yesterday death seem-
ed to be taking a holiday too. Only
six fatalities - three traffic and
three drowning - had been re-
than three days of the weekend re-
maining, that figure compared fa-
vorably with Fourth of July tolls
' or the past two years, when near-
ly 50 persons were killed.
THE BIGGEST bottleneck on
the clogged highways was at the
Straits of Mackinac. Cars of Up-
per Peninsula-bound travelers were
backed up there for eight miles
waiting for ferry service across
the Straits. Five and six hour
waits were commonplace. The line
swelled nearly two miles during
-- Prof. Haber
A major part of pension funds
should come from a public plan
rather than from union-company
agreements, Prof. William Haber-
of the economics department said
Addressing delegates to the
summer institute on "Law and
Labor - Management Relations,"
Prof. Haber stated that such a
government-sponsored bill would
also be advantageous to employers
because it would take pressure off
"Union pension schemes fill in
gaps in economic security," Prof.
Haber asserted, but he added that
no company can guarantee its fi-
nancial condition 30 or 40 years
Prof. Haber, chairman of the
Federal Advisory Council on Em-
ployment Security, expressed sat-
isfaction with pensions achieved
by labor through collective bar-
gaining on the whole. But he cited
some "minor objections":
They tend to discourage hiring
of older workers; they "tie" a
worker to his job; in some indus-
tries pension funds are not se-
cure; and there are no provisions
Prof. Haber said that problems
facing the collective bargainer for
pensions today are: administra-
tion and investment of funds; fu-
ture employment slumps; area-
wide bargaining; and changing at-
titude of workers now that pen-
sions are tied up with the com-
U ' Pre- Med
R.. ,Th, Aca a P
Ask End of
CHICAGO - 0/) - The govern-
ment urged the AFL switchmen's
Union yesterday to call off its rail
strike in view of "current critical
developments" in Korea.
C. E. McDaniels, Chairman of
the Union's 40-hour week Commit-
tee, said the Switchmen will an-
nounce their decision today. He
sent a telegram to this effect to
Government officials in Washing-
* * *
McDANIELS SAID the decision
would be reached at a meeting of
the Committee and Union Presi-
dent Arthur J. Glover in Chicago
Glover talked to a reporter by
telephone from his mother's
home in Fort Atkinson, Wis.,
but said: "I won't have any com-
John Thad Scott, Jr., new Chair-
man of the National (Railway)
Mediation Board, asked Glover and
the AFL Switchmen's Union of
North America to restore full ser-
vice promptly "in the national in-
terest." He added, the Mediation
Board would resume further nego-
tiations in Chicago with all inter-
"WE'RE TRYING to get this
settled and I'm as anxious as the
Government to-see it ended," Glov-
Glover said he may fly to
Washington today and testify
tomorrow before a Senate com-
mittee which is hearing testi-
mony on a bill that would out-
law railroad strikes in favor of
Scott said in his telegram to the
Union that "current critical devel-
opments unmistakably 'reveal the
urgent necessity for prompt re-
storation of full service."
First Arts Lecture
The first lecture in the new
Contemporary Arts and Society
course will be "Form and the
Spatial Arts," given by Prof.
Edward Rannels, Chairman of
the Department of Art at the
University of Kentucky, at 4:15
p.m. tomorrow in the Architec-
It will be open to the public.
When luggage was removed
from the Svalbard, they and
some thirty men moved into
Army Hall, a combination class-
room and dormitory building at
City College, while approximate-
ly 20 women moved into Colum-
bia University's Johnson Hall.
The rest of the group went to
hotels or friend's homes scat-
tered throughout the city.
The National Student Associa-
tion, which had secured Svalbard
reservations for all the travelers,
immediately set up headquarters
at Army Hall and at the Hotel
Woodstock. During a mass meet-
ing held the following day, an-
nouncement was made of Presi-
dent Truman's decision to let the
NSA have the Ballou.
* * *
"THAT FIRST DAY was very
discouraging," Ablin said. "Many
of the students were clamoring for
refunds, everyone was disappoint-
ed, and the prospects of ever get-
ting to Europe looked very dim.
But NSA has done a wonderful
job in handling the whole situa-
"I have nothing but admira-
tion for the NSA people who
worked incessantly on arrange-
ments, on seeing that our stay in
the city was pleasant, and in
keeping the 550 scattered stu-
dents informed of latest devel-
opments," he said.
Ablin and Markey are planning
to buy a car when tey reach En A4
ope, and, during their two month
trip, "specialize in Norway, Swe-
den, and Danish beer."
who questioned Robert Dale Segee
about admitted fires and slayings
which killed 172 persons said yes-
terday the husky Ohio youth
shouldn't be punished.
"I think he needs psychiatric
treatment and I think a psychia-
trist could straighten him out,"
said psychologist Bernard Higley
of the Alfred Wilson Children's
Center in an interview.
* * *
HIGLEY WILL give his views to
State Fire Marshal Harry J. Cal-
lan in a written report next week.
Callan had announced Segee
had signed a statement admit-
ting setting the Ringling Bros.
circus fire at Hartford, Conn., in
1944, four slayings and, more
than a score of major fires in
Ohio, New Hampshire and
Maine. The Hartford fire claim-
ed 168 lives.
Higley said Segee is not insane.
ENEMY-STRAFED TRANSPORT BURNS-A four engined C-54 U.S. military transport plane burns
on a South Korean airfield after being strafed by Russian-made Yak fighters from North Korea.
This picture was the first combat photo from Korea to be received in the United States. (GP) Wire-
photo from army radiophoto.)
* * - - * + - -*
War Precipitates Stiff
Review of U.S. Policies
By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER
WASHINGTON-(A)-The fact that the Communists were willing
to launch a military drive to take South Korea has forced a far
reaching review of American policies toward the Far East.
Administration officials, trying to figure out why the fighting
has gone so badly against the Southerners this week, said yesterday
they do not intend to leave a similar point of weakness'open to Red
assault anywhere else where it can be avoided.
INQUIRY AMONG responsible authorities disclosed that the Com-
munist invasion at dawn last Sunday has virtually destroyed the basis
of much U.S. policy in Asia and '
Calls War U.S.
MOSCOW-(IP)-The S o v i e t
Press steadily built up a picture
for the Russian people yesterday
of a deliberately prepared plot of
aggression by the United States
against North Korea.
But an observer gets the im-
pression from the talk and be-
havior of Muscovites that there
will be no World War.
(AT VARIANCE with all other
reports, Moscow has claimed from
the first that North Korea -not
South Korea - was invaded and,
that the Communists only struck
back when the Southerners cross-
ed the 38th Parallel dividing line.)
From the conversations over-
heard in restaurants, hotel lob-
bies, public conveyances and on
the streets, an observer gets the
impression that the Russian
1. Blame President Truman and
American militarists for the Ko-
2. Feel that there will be no war
and that proponents of peace will
get the upper hand and stifle war-
The general calm that has been
evident since the first news of
American aid to South Korea con-
tinues to prevail.
the Western Pacific.
Security has become the dom-
Exactly what effect this change
will have is not yet apparent. Top
State, defense and White House
officials have been so concerned
with guiding this government's ac-
tion in the Korean affair itself
that they have not come to grips
with any detailed review of other
* * *
DIPLOMATS and military ex-
perts down the line, however, have
begun to examine the impact of
the Korean attack in other areas.
At the moment the situations ap-
pear to shape up about like this:
FAR EAST GENERALLY -
It will be several weeks at least
before the duration and precise
result of the Korean operation is
known. Until then the whole Far
East can be expected to remain
in a state of ferment. The pos-
sibility of new Red pushes in
some other sectors is a constant
source of concern.
JAPANESE PEACE TREATY -
The security of Japan against
Communist Asia has become up-
permost; the presence of American
occupation forces in the Japanese
Islands is regarded as essential
both to Japan and to the United
States. Whatever the ultimate ef-
fect on a peace settlement, the
United States, however, is expected
to seek increasing independence of
action for the Japanese.
* * *
FORMOSA - A week ago the
United States on the basis of Pres-
ident Truman's policy declaration
of last January would not have
lifted a hand to prevent the fall
of Formosa to the Chinese Com-
Last Tuesday when he ordered
the Seventh Fleet to patrol be-
tween the island and the main-
land the President made clear that
he does not now intend to permit
Communist acquisition of the is-
land under any circumstances. But
there is a wide open question as° to
what the United States will re-
commend about the future of For-
had been some evidence in re-
cent weeks that if the British
and other countries insisted on
voting Communist China into
the United Nations the United
States might eventually go along
with recognition of the Reds.
Top 20 Cities
In '50 Census
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-The District of
Columbia, feeling its oats during
the last 10 years, has boosted it-
self into the cherished list of the
nation's 10 top cities, according to
early Census Bureau tabulations.
The capital city and D. of C.
now has 792,234 residents-129,143
more than it had in 1940.
* * *
AND THE TOP 10 cities, plus
11 cities following, boast increases
ranging from Los Angeles' phe-
nomenal 449,75e Buffalo's in-
The Census Bureau gave this
tentative lineup for the popula-
tion leaders among the cities:
New York and Philadelphia are
of the Pacific Ocean was abuild-
ing yesterday to support American
forces in Korea.)
The American troops, the first
headed forcombat since the end
of World War II, landed at the
Southeast port of Pusan, 162
miles southeast of Taejon.
The Communists were reported
by MacArthur's Headquarters to be
massing 10 miles north of Suwon,
the strategic city 20 miles south of
Seoul, which the Americans aban-
doned as an advance base Friday.
BY THIS ACCOUNT, the South-
erners still were in control of Su-
won and its air strip. Lambert
said that two American intelli-
gence officers had returned to
Informed sources said they
had reports the Communists had
moved south to within about five
miles of Suwon before dawn Sat-
urday morning. This report ap-
peared to be behind the Head-
quarters information, however.
Lambert said it was possible the
Communist column which crossed
the Han River just south of Seoul
had been held up by U.S. aerial
attack or had run out of supplies.
* * *
THE NORTH KOREAN reds as-
serted yesterday-via the Commu-
nist radio at Peiping-that they
had killed or wounded 9,000 South
Korean soldiers on Thursday alone.
They said 3,000 were cap-
tured the same day.
It still was not clear whether
the Communists ever had reached
Suwon. Field reports had said that
Suwon and its air field had fallen.
* * *
POSSIBLY a Communist recon-
naissance force of armored cars
might have reached Suwon and
then withdrawn on meeting resis-
tance or finding itself without
support. There are no fixed de-
fenses along the highways between
Seoul and Suwon.
The American withdrawal
from Suwon and abandonment
of the air field interrupted an
important airlift of U.S. muni-
tions and weapons' for the
American B-29 superforts used
radar to penetrate the murk and
rain to bomb makeshift bridges
the invaders have thrown across
the broad Han River, 23 miles
north of Suwon. The Air Force
intent obviously was to check the
Reds until American ground power
could make itself felt.
* * *
IN WASHINGTON, the Mari-
time Administration has advised
all American ship lines of a mili-
tary warning to stay out of Ko-
To aid the fight against Com-
munism in Korea and Asia, Sena-
tor Cain (R-Wash) suggested yes-
terday that the Army take selected
volunteers from Japan, China and
General support for the idea of
formally naming Gen. Douglas
MacArthur commander of all
United Nations forces assigned to
Korean operations was reported
yesterday among the U.N. mem-
bers cooperating in the Korean
UN May Bad
LAKE SUCCESS- Fom:
tion of a United Nations fore
rear echelon to back up Gener
MacArthur's Korean battle heal
quarters was pushed ahead ye
It is expected to be ready f
Security Council approval and ;
into action not later than ne
* * *
U.N. OFFICIALS are workib
through the 'weekend toward se
ting up the group that is expec
ed to knit together political ai
material aid from other cou:
tries with the leading efforts
the United Stateq.
A name has not yet been se
lected for the high-level Inter
national group but it wi
amount to what military pea
ple call rear echelon headkuar
ters. There is no inclination t
have it interfere with Generi
MacArthur, who already is i
effect the Supreme Commande
of the United Nations effort t
U.N. people said the objecti
is to end the fighting as soon
possible but none would guess h(
long it might take.
NEW ZEALAND advised t
U.N. it is sending the frigates T
tira and Pukaki to join MacA
thur's forces. The country.had c
fered six frigates (smaller thi
destroyers) and a modern cri
ser from the fleet exercises arow
the Fiji Islands.
At least 35 of the 59 U.1
members have said they wi
do what they can.
Luxembourg, South Africa a
Greece were added to the list
1950 Pop. In
New York .....6,160,000
Los Angeles . ...1,954,036
St. Louis ........852,523
Washington .... 792,234
These cities are next in
By The Associated Press
BEALLSVILLE, O., - The "Big"
Inch" natural gas pipeline blew
up just outside this southeastern
Ohio town last night. Flames shot
200 to 300 feet into the sky and
were visible 15 miles away in
Barnesville, but no one was in-
* * *
PRAGUE - The Romanian
prosecutor has demanded the
execution of seven persons being
tried in Bucharest on charges of
spying with the help of the Ro-
man Catholis nunciature there,
the Czechoslovak news agency
said last night.
CHICAGO - Mrs. Howard
Tucker, 49 years old, who had
a dead woman's kidney trans-
planted to her body June 17,
was reported in "fine" condi-
tion yesterday. The operation
was the first of its kind in medi-
DETROIT Eliel Saarinen,
who won international fame as
an architect and ciy planner, died
suddenly last night at his subur-
ban Bloomfield Hills home. He
San Francisco . .
New Orleans ...
Kansas City, Mo.
Newark, N.J. ...
Fight To Begin
of-July battle royal for the Demo-
cratic Senatorial nomination in
Oklahoma will start the fireworks
in primary voting this month --
mostly in the south.
Senator Elmer Thomas, 73-year-
old Chairman of the Senate Ag-
riculture Committee who has seen
24 years of Senate service, is fight-
ing for his political life.
He's winding up a nip and tuck
contest with Rep. Mike Monroney,
six-term House member. Farm
and electric power are the main
IT WILL BE the first holiday
election ever held in Oklahoma. A
normal vote would run around
Three other Democratic Sena-
tors-Johnston, S.C.; Long, La.,
and Benton, Conn.--face opposi-
tion later in the month, the first
two in Primaries on the 11th and
25th, and Benton in a State
convention July 28-29.
South Carolina has a double-
feature-Johnston's challenge by
Gov. J. Strom Thurmond, States'
'Corn Is Green' To Open
Five Day Daily
During the summer session,
The Daily publishes five times
per week. The next issue will
appear Wednesday morning.
"The Corn Is Green," first of
the five plays to be presented by
the speech department, will open
at 8 p.m. Wednesday in the Lydia
A tale of a compassionate, but
brusque school teacher and a deep
understanding of her crude Welsh
students, the play revolves around
the efforts of Miss Moffat (who
wright. He also wrote "Night
Must Fall" which was produced
here during the 1949 Drama
Season with Lucille Watson and
Donald Buka in the title roles.
Prof. Baird is known to Ann Ar-
bor audiences through her per-
formance as Mama in "I Remem-
ber Mama" and Mary in "Family
84,000 HOT FOOTS:
Sore Feet Pop Up at Scout Jamboree
VALLEY FORGE - (P) - The
in swapping jaunts and foot tours
by bus and train. But once in