l'a x It. V
_ - - - - - - _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ . --. - - - -. . - . -..u~ a . .u. i 4 . s . N .j. .J .U.
_ - - - - - - , - - . - _ _ __. ._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ' . - - . - -- a. , . S_. . S . -
Trouble with MacArthur
RESISTENTIALISM is the new name of a
familiar force: the perversity of natural
objects. The pencil that rolls out of reach
when you drop it, the collar button that dis-
appears under the bureau, the hammer that
hits your thumb instead of the nail-all are
acting under its influence. They resist.
Sometimes it begins to seem that resis-
tentialism applies to larger objects, too-
like people. Plans work backwards.
Speeches persuade in reverse. Programs
have effects that are opposite to what was
Take this matter of loyalty oaths, which
are required of labor union leaders under the
Taft-Hartley Act and of professors at cer-
tain universities. It is felt that Communists
are disloyal, that they are liars and con-
spirators. Therefore, a loyalty oath is re-
quired of everyone so that the Communists
will frankly reveal their disloyalty.
Another example is the proposed loan
to Franco. Our policy all over the world is
avowedly to aid democracy by gestures of
friendship and by financial aid if neces-
sary. So it is proposed to loan money to
Franco in order to build up his dictatorial
power as a force for democracy
In China we seem to have yielded to an
overwhelming case of resistentialism. In sup-
port of democracy, we were somehow worked
around to backing Chiang Kai-Shek. When
Chiang lost to the Communists, we refused to
recognize them. That would be admitting
that his government is not the government
of China. Still, we are the nation that thinks
in terms of facts. It's the Russians who re-
fuse to recognize facts.
Resistentialism finds an especially suscep-
tible group of men in Congress. Our repre-
sentatives are against totalitarianism, and
specifically, against Communism. Some of
them, therefore, want to tighten up all the
controls, and seriously endanger the liber-
ties of all left-of-center political groups a$
well as the freedom of the ordinary citizen
to hear any point of view. This is advocated
as an anti-totalitarian measure. Actually,
T HERE HAS recently been a great increase
all around in the number of people who
are resisting their own aims and ideas. At
times a certain perversity seems to come
with this blindness, so that people who aifN
acting in a way that will defeat their ideals
are not only unaware of it; they positively
,refuse to be convinced. Resistentialism is just
as difficult to get rid of when it occurs in a
a person as when it occurs in a collar button
or a golf ball.
For that reason, it constitutes a serious
danger. We might slip into the resistential
position, for instance, of saying that we want
a free peace and simultaneously spending all
our money on preparations for war.
Or we might come to the point of using
totalitarian methods-suppression of pro-
paganda and espionage on innocent per-
sons-to defeat totalitarianism. As a mat-
ter of fact, this has been advocated, at
times, by people who say we should fight
fire with fire.
It should hardly need to be pointed out
that water is better. But it does, to a person
under the influence of resistentialism.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT ODITOR: WENDY OWEN
U.S. Diplomacy .. .
By THOMAS L. STOKES
WASHINGTON-It is apparent from re-
cent developments that the administra-
tion has been a bit uneasy about General
Douglas MacArthur's ventures into political
phases of the delicate and tense Far Eastern
sphere and that he has been/ politely made
aware of this.
Specifically, his recent flying visit to Gen-
eralissimo Chiang Kai-Shek on Formosa is
looked upon as a gesture to the defeated, dis-
credited Nationalist regime in China by some
of our friends elsewhere and it does not sit
It is suspected that General MacArthur
acted on his own initiative. Averell Harri-
man has said that the President, Secretary
of State Acheson, Secretary of Defense
Johnson, and he, himself, knew about the
General's visit, but, when asked if it was at
the President's direction, replied that Gener-
al MacArthur has general instructions from
the President and can act on his own initia-
tive in carrying them out. The General,
Harriman said, discussed only military mat-
ters with Chiang.
General MacArthur occupies a special
position and the approach to him, it is
evident, is of the kid gloves variety. He
has great prestige, of which he obviously
is aware, and wide popular support in this
country, which enhances his position and
influence. It is precisely because of this
prestige and influence here and in the
Far East that anything he does attracts
notice and interpretations in Asia and all
over the world. Generalissimo Chiang cap-
italized upon this for his own purposes in
the communique he issued after General
MacArthur's visit, which intensified the
sour reaction to the episode in some quar-
ters of the world.
General MacArthur is, after all, also com-
mander of the United Nations forces in Ko-
rea, as well as our own, and the Chinese
problem is a matter of bitter controversy
right now within the UN Security Council.
It is assumed here in Washington that
henceforth there will be closer co-ordination
on political matters between General Mac-
Arthur and the State Department.
(Copyright 1950, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
By TOM McNAMARA
and FRED BLUMENTHAL
(for Drew Pearson)
W ASHINGTON-Because careless
dispatches are costing American
in Korea, the Joint Chiefs of Staff
recommended censoring war news.
The first suggestion was for General
MacArthur to censor news dispatches
within the Korean battle zone. However,
MacArthur objected that censorship at
the front would be inadequate without
some form of censorship in Tokyo and
The Joint Chiefs came back with the
idea of establishing a voluntary code in
Tokyo to back up the military censorship
at the front. These recommendations have
been transmitted to MacArthur by Secre-
tary of Defense Johnson.
Neither the press nor the military want
to restrict freedom of the press beyond
military necessity. Therefore, the idea
would be for correspondents and military
men to work out a voluntary code, so
that correspondents wouldn't be left to
judge for themselves what is genuine mili-
Under this code, political news wouldn't
be censored, but only military information
that might aid the enemy. For example,
correspondents should be allowed to criti-
cize military operations as long as this
wouldn't tip off battle plans in advance.
In Korea, correspondents under military
censorship should also be able to appeal the
decisions of the censors in the field.
The danger of censorship outside Korea
is that MacArthur is inclined to abuse
his authority over the press and stifle sin-
cere criticism. Even without formal cen-
sorship, he has made life uncomfortable
for correspondents who have criticized
On the other hand, military. censorship
at the front would be ineffective without at
least a voluntary system in Tokyo, where
correspondents have as much access to mili-
tary information as in Korea. This is also
true at the Pentagon, and leading newsmen
favor putting military news under the same
voluntary code in Washington. The next
logical step would be to invite the United
Nations, as well, to participate in voluntary
(Copyright, 1950, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
"You Mean Not Use /The Ax At AR ?11'
} }f r a
Rj34oc1 - i
153'c TK WAi4t/NGTOW P6YT CP.
ette,*J TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on mattLirs of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
Illl~u > a v r c 6 o r r a a 2 c e _.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a - . . . . .-4 Z r e r -L .
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
- -ag g . . x c
f f° f L L t A
At Architecture Aud, . 0 .
THE OX-BOW INCIDENT, with Henry
Fonda, Dana Andrews, Harry Davenport,
and William Eythe. Directed by William
1 HE OX-BOW INCIDENT, which has been
shown here on campus at least twice
during the past two years, is back again,
and it will do you absolutely no harm to
run over and see it once more. It is without
much question one of the four or five most
important social films made in all of Holly-
wood's history. Done with a careful and
precise reticence unusual to that self-con-
scious genre: the kind of picture that is
inevitably compared with Ford's "Grapes of
Wrath" and Capra's "Mr. Deeds Goes to
Thee film has to do, as you probably .
know, with the kinds of behavior the
a « t .. _
Bull's Eye, Wrong Target
T HE FARM POLICIES before World War
II resulted in huge surpluses of grains,
which came in very handy during the war,
because they could be converted into animals
and their by-products.
But this was an. accidental by-product
of the farm policies. They were designed
to raise the income of the American far-
The farm policy during the war was aim-
ed at promoting maximum production by
means of high prices-and both the end
and the means were realized.
But after the war the farm policy was
aimed at controlling surpluses and keeping
up the farmers' income again. It succeeded
only too well in keeping up farm prices. It
did not succeed in avoiding surpluses. When.
according to economics, the level at which
the government supported many products
should have been severely lowered, they were
not lowered because of politics.
Now the danger of another war looms
on the horizon, and again the nation has,
surpluses of eggs, butter, dried milk, etc.,
and piles of storable grains for conversion
into animals as necessary. This is extremely
fortunate. But it cannot be used as a jus-
tification of the post-war farm policies. A
marksman can't get credit for a bull's eye
in a target he wasn't aiming at.
Recrimination for past mistakes is not in
order, but the profiting from past mistakes
is always in order. The Korean war and our
new mobilization put the "farm problem"
into an entirely different light. At least
four targets can be seen:
One, a continuation of surpluses of stor-
able foods and fibers.
Two, a conversion of the storable grains
into animals at a rate geared to the best
estimates of needs.
Three, high production geared to the best
estimates of needs. 4
Four, as low prices as consistent with a
fair deal to the farmer. Low prices help the
farmer get a fair deal, because they help
keep inflation in check.,
The argument over the Aiken plan, the
Brannan plan, etc., etc., should be forgot-
ten. A new farm plan should be designed
with the new situation in mind.
And this time the government should hit
the target it is aiming at.
--St. Louis Star-Times
Prospects of an extra-curricular lynching
will bring out in a group of men, and it
suggests with an insistent mildness that
sometimes the majority is not always right.
It is precisely that mildness, that avoid-
ance of the social heroics that marred such
otherwise fine pictures as "Gentleman's
Agreement" and "Lost Boundaries," that
makes "Ox-Bow Incident" as good as it is.
The cast, with the exception of Fonda and
Andrews, is not Big-Name, which is a virtue,
because very often Big Names tend to get
in the way of the story and story here is
all-important. Even Fonda amounts to little
more than a presence, akind of combination
chorus-and-performer through whose ideas
and mind the story is slanted to the aud-
:The firm 'hand of- director ArqilmAl, , U ,
paXent'.all through "tax-rBaw:' the "eauoul;':,
underplaying,,the great wealth of carefully-
placed incident, and the steady avoidance
of the predictable. An example of this last;
the old Negro who describes how he saw his
brother lynched. Fonda asks "And did he
do what they hung him for?" Is the answer
"No, as a matter of fact, it was subsequently
proven that he was entirely innocent?" No,
sir. The answer is "Don't rightly know .. .
Didn't anybody ever find out." This, I sub-
mit, is going a step beyond the obvious, and
it is the kind of thing that gives "Ox-Bow"
substance and subtlety.
Photography and sound are handled in
much the same manner. Dialogue is brief
and precise; music is the same. The camera
is around to get what goes on, but there are
few of the customary photographic gim-
micks: no impressive angles, no editing ef-
fects. The film proceeds from beginning to
end in strict continuity, so that almost every
moment of the entire "incident" is account-
ed for on film.
The total effect of all this is, obviously,
one of detailed, almost documentary sim-
plicity. It makes "The Ox-Bow Incident"
probably the best example I can think of
of what we usually mean by a "realistic"
film. To be sure, you are required, at the
end of it, to swallow a small sugar-coated
gill, but even this is handled with admir-
If you have not seen this one, see it.
If you have, see it again.
--IN". J. Hampton
Oxford Players .. .
To the Editor:
jT WILL probably be a long time
before people in Ann Arbor for-
get the Oxford University Players.
They did an excellent job here.
Most people however, seem to be
content with merely asking: Why
were they better than Michigan
play production students? The Bri-
tish students were, of course, a
challenge and an inspiration for
theatre students in the Depart-
ment of Speech. But let's look at
some of the reasons why the Ox-
ford students were perhaps better.
First of all, we forget that a
great difference exists between
higher education in Great Britain
and in the United States. Only the
select few go to college in England.
Oxford, for instance~ represents
the very select-the best, in fact,
primarily from excellent prepara-
tory schools. Oxford is made up of
students who have had a thorough
background in languages and lit-
erature, a background probably
equal to that received in many
American universities and col-
leges. So- that a student at Oxford
is working on a level in many res-
pects comparable to that of an
American graduate student. Cer-
tainly a good background in lan-
guages and literature is important
to the actor.
As stated, Oxford represents the
cream of the educational crop in
Britain. If you selected the best
students from the Big Ten and put
them on one campus you might
have a school comparable to Ox-
ford. And if you could cast King
Lear from the best acting talent
from these schools you would prob-
ably be able to do a better job
than Oxford considering our su-
perior technical know-how in play
We should also remember that
thy ; -raver g0 ' g¢ of the,. Oxford
ti bel eve>is higher than a tlye age when most
Americans graduate from college.
' The most important difference,
however; between the Oxford Play-
ers and Michigan student actors
is the fact that several of the for-
mer have had professional experi-
ence on the stage, on the radio,
and in the movies. This suggests
talent, first of all, and training
too, in spite of the fact that Ox-
ford does not have a speech de-
I even heard one supercillious
Ph. P. who implied that no need
exists for a speech department if
Oxford without such a department
can produce such plays while Mi-
chigan with one does not do as
well. Of course, the above reasons i
answer that charge in part. But 1
more than that, a department of
speech in an American university
introduces great plays such as are
produced here to the college com-
munity. This, too, helps fill in the
rather poor academic backgrounds 1
that so many of our students have.
Our departments of speech not
only give students good cultural 1
backgrounds, but to those who 1
participate in theatre activities I
they learn to be more distinct in i
speech and more poised in bodily
movement, valuable 'assets to any- i
one in any occupation. And this c
training is not merely for the se- 1
lect few as at Oxford, but for any-
one who wants to sign up for
courses in our speech departments.
If our shows suffer for lack of
polished performances at times,
they suffer because we feel that
the student is more important
than the play.
Let's applaud the Oxford Play-
ers for their performances. They
deserve it. At the same time, how-
ever, let's applaud the Depart-
ment of/Speech here at Michigan,
and departments over the country,
where large numbers of students
are learning to be more distinct,
more poised, better educated men
and women-in fact, better citi-
-Wm. Walter Duncan
Golfer's Delight .. .
To the Editor:
THE' UNIVERSITY Golf Course
is managed like an old lady's
home. When one returns from the
18th hole, tired and defeated, one
likes a little balm and comfort,
don't one. So one sits on the porch
and lifts one's foot to rest on a
wooden table or a canvas chair-
both sturdy and cheap enough-
and a man comes charging out
and says "Do you mind?" One gets
up and enters the interior of the
palace and buys a coke for 10 cents
and plunks oneself down in a very
good looking, hard sitting chair,
and the boss moves in again and
says "Do you mind sitting in an-
other chair because you are drink-
ing coca cola?" One moves into a
new little straight backed chair
and imagines that one has a little
saucer under one's coke bottle. Fin-
ishing the coke one repairs to the
leather chair again and lifts one's
foot onto the tile sill looking out
onto the course, and of course the
man is there with another "Do
you mind?" to protect his tile.
Well, the point of this letter is that
I DO, MINI}.
--Burton H. ,Cronin, ; .
To the Editor:
SOVIET RUSSIA has been hor-
ribly misunderstood by deca-
dent, capitalist U.S. journalists!
Of course Michigan football
players are carted straight from
field to cemetery-but they con- 1
tinue on another block to Univer-
sity Hospital. ]
Undoubtedly, it all began this
way: Some Russian propagandist
interviewed a Comrade who stud-
ied here-before being enlightened
-and sports was brought up. Our
alumnus probably commented 'on
how often the ambulance roared
away from the stadium with
maimed halfbacks, "in the direc-
tion of Forest Hills Cemetery," or
just, "up the hill," both meaning 1
to the hospital beyond. r
The figure of speech was a var-
iation of the thing for the thing c
contained.' In this case, it was the thing for the thing in back of it. I
I agree with Soviet Russia that <
University football tends to be
bloodthirsty. Often the crunch of
bones competes with the munch of
pop corn. But I enjoy every messy
moment of it. I
That is because I realize that 1
there are (usually) only 22 men 1
engaged in the mortal combat, and
they don't let women and children
play at all.
Publication in The Dally Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the Office of the
Administration Building, by 3:00 p.m.
on the day preceding publication.
(11:00 a.m. Saturdays).
SATURDAY, AUGUST 12, 1950
VOL. LX, No. 34-S
Recommendations for Depart-
mental Honors: Teaching depart-
ments wishing to recommend ten-
tative August graduates from the
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, and the School of Educa-
tion for departmental honors
should recommend such students
in a letter to be sent to the Regis-
trar's Office, Room 1513 Adminis-
tration Building before August 24.
Attention August Graduates:
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, School of Education,
School of Music, School of Public'.
Students are advised not to re
quest grades of I or X in August.
When such grades are absolutely
imperative, the work must be made
up in time to allow your instructor
to report the make-up grade not
later than 11 a.m., August 24.
Grades received after that time
may defer the student's graduation
until a later date.
Edward G. Groesbeck'
After Summer Session
The General Library will close
at 6 pm. daily, beginning Friday,
August 18. Evening service will be
resumed on September 25.
The Library will be open daily
from 8 a.m. to 6 P.M. Mondays
through Fridays, except during the
period from August 28 through
September 4, when the Library
Building will be completely closed
The Divisional Libraries will be
closed from August 19 through
September 16, with the exception
of Engineering, East Engineering,
Hospital, and Physics, which will
be open on shortened scheduled.
Information as to hours will be
posted on the library doors or may
be obtained by calling University
Extension 653. Requests for ma-
terial from the closed libraries will
be taken care of at the Circulation
desk in the General Library.
Students having in their posses-
sion books borrowed from the Gen-
eral Library or its branches are
notified that such books are due
Monday, August 14.
Students having special need for
certain books between August 14
and August 19 may retain such
books for that period by renewing
them at the Charging Desk.
The names of all students who
have not cleared their records at
the Library by Friday, August 18,
will be sent to the Cashier's Office
and their credits and grades will
be withheld until such time as said
records are cleared in compliance
with the regulations of the Re-
"Law Ichooi Admission Test.
Candidates taking the Law School
Admission Test, August 12 are re-
quested to report to room 100
Hutchins Hall at 8:45 a.m. Satur-
day for the morning session. The
afternoon session will begin at
1:45 p.m. Candidates must be pre-
sent at both sessions."
Tlilirsday, t ugust I7 afrd IGtie 4.i
August 18: Examinations for Urii
versity Credit. All. students, wlio
desire, credit for work done in-the
summer session will be required to
take examinations at the close of
the session. The examination sche-
dule for the schools and colleges
on the eight-week basis is as fol-
Hour of Time of
8:00 ............. Thursday, 8-10
9:00 ................ Friday, 8-10
10:00 ............. Thursday, 2-4
11:00 ................ Friday, 2-4
1:00 .............. Thursday, 4-6
2:00 ............ Thursday, 10-12
3:00 .............. Friday, 10-12
All other hours ...... Friday, 4-6
Student Loan Prints: All student
loan prints are to be returned to
room 510 (basement), Adminis-
tration Building, Monday, Tues-
day, or Wednesday between the
I hours of 8-12 and 1-5. A fine of
five cents will be charged for each
day the picture is overdue after
Student Loans for Men: Stu-
dents unable to pay, in full, loans
which are now due should see Miss
McKenzie, 1020 Administration
The 'Mayne County Civil Service
Commission announces August 15
as the closing date for the filing of
applications for examinations for
Psychologist I. Applications for
this examination must be, post-
marked or received at the office
of the Wayne County Civil Ser-
vice Commission no later than
that date in order to be considered.
Bureau of Appointments.
Papers written for Contempor-
ary Arts and Society may be pick-
ed up now at the following offices:
College of Architecture, 207 Archi-
tecture Bldg.; English Department,
3223 Angell Hall; Fine Arts De-
partment, 206 Tappan H a 11;
School of Music, 101 School of Mu-
Doctoral Examination for Helen
Mar Churchill, Zoology; thesis:
"Germ Cell Cycle of Echinostoma
revolutum (Froelich, 1802) (Echi-
nostomatidae: Trematoda)", Sat-
day, August 26, 3091 Natural Sci-
ence Bldg., at 9 a.m. Chairman, G.
Doctoral Examination for Ro-
bert Theodore Amos, Education;
t h e si s : "Comparative Accuracy
with which Negro and White Chil-
dren Can Predict Teachers'. Atti-
tudes Toward Negro Students",
Tuesday, August 15, East.'E:ouncil
Room, Rackham Bldg., at'4 p.m.
Chairman, H. C. Koch.
boctoral Examination for Ray-
mond Ernest Nadeau, Speech;
thesis: "The Index rhetoricus of
Thomas Farnaby", Monday, Aug-
ust 14, West Council Room, Rack-
ham Bldg., at 3 p.m. Chairman, W.
Doctoral Examination for Mar-
vin Lucius Aronson, Psychology;
thesis: "An Exploratory ; udy of
the Freudian Theory oi' Poanoia
with a Group of Psychological
Tests," Monday, August 14, West
Council Room, Rackham-Bldg., at
7:45 p.m. Chairman, Abraham
Doctoral Examination far-
,Fran-cis Chester Seaman, Philosophy;
thesis: "Some Philosophic,,-
Impli-cations of the Theory of'R61ativ-
ity," Wednesday, August 16, East
Alcove, Assembly Hall, Rackham
Bldg., at 2 p.m. Chairman, A. W.
Doctoral Examination for Ger-
ard M. Mertens, German ; thesis:
"Stefan Zweig's Biographical
Writings as Studies of Human
Types," Tuesday, August 25,° 102D
Tappan, at 2 p.m. Chairman, F. B.
Doctoral Examination for John
J. Brownfain, Psychology; thesis:
"Stability of the Self-Concept as
a Dimension of Personality," Tues-
day, August 15, 1027 East Huron
Street, Room No 4, at 10 a.m.
Chairman, E. L. Kelly.
Doctoral Examination for . Fred
Brafman, Mathematics-, thesis:
"Generating Functions of Jacobi
and Related Polynomials," Tues-
day, August 15, 272 West Engi-
neering Bldg., at 3:30 per;" Chair -
man, E. D. Rainville.
Doctoral Examination for Char-
les Alvin Dailey, Psychology; the-
sis: "Some Factors Influencing
(Continued on Page 3)
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I Apparently that heckler
in the balcony doesn't
care to face his fellow
We have one man to blame for
this highway mess. If he had
sold his land to the State,
When will you change the
9 highway back, Mr. O'Malley?
I'd better let him know
that, despite the change,
C-:- -Atl I
Yeats ... This is
This is J. J. O Malley,
the big restaurauteur,
ennin_ Mr Frianrllv._.
I unloaded those worthless
options on the original
:A,. A At A- t,:..t......, A
_.. ,M.. ,,....
Splendid. By the way, th4re's,.c
development you'll be inter$sfed
__ 11--- IL_ L--f ___