THE MICHIGAN DAILY'
r >TMMSDAY, AUGUST 3, 1950
Tfli~ MICIUGAN DAILY
_HVRDAYAUGUST. ._ 3 .mss9r.
OMAS L. STOKES:
Dixtecrats' Partial Defeat
WASHINGTON-An interesting paradox
is revealed in southern primaries in the
current election season.
Wherever publicly recognized Dixiecrats
have raised their heads, they have been
chopped down by the voters. But, on the
other hand, where no publicly avowed Dixie-
crat is involved, the spirit of Dixiecratism
nevertheless has exerted itself successful-
ly, as for example, in the defeats of Sena-
tors Pepper of Florida and Graham of
North Carolina. Dixiecratism still is ap-
parently a strong underground movement.
* * *
PULICLY IT HAS NOT fared well, with
this record to date.
1-Defeat of Governor J. Strom Thur-
mond of South Carolina, 1948 Presidential
candidate of the States' Rights Party, by
Senator Olin Johnston in an attempt to win
the latter's Senate seat.
2-Defeat of former -Governor Ben Laney
of Arkansas, who is national chairman of
the States' Rights executive committee, in an
attempted comeback. He was overwhelmed
by young Governor Sidney McMath, who,
with a group of young men, has built up a
progressive movement in the state with help
from the Truman administration.
3-Loss of control by the Dixiecrats of
the Democratic executive committee in
Alabama in a state-wide election where
Dixiecrat candidates were publicly known.
They had seized control in 1948 and with
such effrontery that they would not even
permit the name of Harry Truman to go
on the ballot. Alabama was a Dixiecrat
stronghold. Some of the movement's
leaders there, especially in large corpor-
ate circles, were very influential in its top
councils and in its financing.
They were shorn of control in a move-
ment directed, among others, by Senator
Lister Hill, who easily won renomination
for another term, and his colleague, Sena-
tor John Sparkman. Senators Hill and
Sparkman and Governor McMath go along
with a substantial part of the Truman Fair
Deal program, though opposed to his civil
rights program as, of course, are all other
Southerners in active politics.
THUS DIXIECRATISM has taken it on
the nose publicly. Governor McMath
said the Dixecrat movement is dead. May-
be so, as presently organized, but its spirit
This was demonstrated by its success-
ful use against Senators Pepper and Gra-
ham in reckless exploitations of the racial
issue and bitter opposition to the Truman
welfare progran - and, it might be add-
ed, in the re-election of Governor Her-
man Talmadge in Georgia.
Neither of the victors in the Senatorial
races, Rep. George A. Smathers in Florida
ant IWillis Smith in North Carolina, are
identified with the Dixiecrats, though bene-
ficiaries of a Dixiecrat type of campaign.
But, as far as the President is concerned,
their triumph represents a loss to him where
it counts in votes in Congress.
The paradox in the South needs an ex-
WHILE SOUTHERN POLITICS is hard tq
understand, some study and observa-
tion of Southern political reactions suggests
there may be a clue in what happened a
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: PAUL MARX
score of years ago, in some respects a par-
allel. In 1948 Harry Truman, the regulsf
Democratic candidate lost four Southern
states to the Dixiecrats. In 1928 Alfred E.
Smith, the regular Democratic candidate, a
Catholic and a "wet," lost four' Southern
states after a campaign in which bigotry
was exploited in an underground campaign.
Only Alabama appears in both lists.
Two years later, in 1930, two veteran
Southern senators who had bolted Al Smith
and their party and supported the Republi-
cans and Herbert Hoover were defeated-
Furnifold Simmons in North Carolina and
Tom Heflin in Alabama. Two years after
1948, Dixiecrats were defeated where their
heads showed in the three cases previously
It seems that Southerners, on sober sec-
ond thought, are inclined to punish poli-
tical apostasy - which, in the South, is
desertion of the Democratic Party by
public leaders. A Southern custom. Per-
haps involved, too, is a spirit of atone-
ment for an exhibition which many peo-
ple become ashamed of afterward, when
overwrought feelings cool off and so find
This is something, even if the spirit per-
sists under a different guise.
(Copyright 1950, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
JACQUELINE COCHRANE'S organization
of women ferry pilots, the Women's Air
Force Service Pilots, may soon be in the
limelight again. With every experienced pilot
standing by for combat duty and new pilots
being trained for jet duty, the routine ferry--
ing jobs could be assigned to women.
The WASP was formed in the early part
of World War II by Jacqueline Cochrane,
famed aviatrix and only woman-winner
of the Bendix Air Trophy. In the begin-
ning, the minimum requirement of flying
experience was 500 hours, but because of
the need for more pilots, it was reduced
to 250 and eventually to 35,hours. In addi-
tion, it was necessary to pass a rigid physi-
cal and the same mental test that was
given to prospective men pilots.
The WASP did the same ferrying job as
the Air Transport Command, but staye
within the continental borders of the United
States. Because of the identical flying as-
signment, they requested Congress to make
them a regular part of the Air Force so they
could receive military benefits such as fre
medical and dental care.
The controversy in Congress resulted i
the WASP'S completely disbanding, but they
were encouraged to join the Air Force re
serve on a commissioned non-flying statu
The ferrying jobs formerly done by the
WASPs were continued to be done by the
With the grim possibility of a global
war, the Air Transport Command may
again assume its round-the-world flight
plan. Their present domestic ferrying duty
could be done by the WASPs and more
women pilots could be trained to supple-
ment this small but efficient group, as an
experienced WASP holds a commercial pi-
lot's rating with valuable experience in all
types of military aircraft.
Congress is now contemplating a draft law
conscripting women and the Navy and Mar-
ines are requesting their women veterans to
volunteer for active duty to release sailor.
and leathernecks for combat duty. With Ko-
rea's fuse line becoming shorter by the min-
ute, the WASPs may be the answer to the
present pilot shortage.
WASHINGTON-It is important that the
American public know the rules of news
censorship laid down by General MacAr-
thur for covering the Korean war.
Theoretically, there is no censorship, since
newsmen are not required to show their dis-
patches to Army officers.
However, General MacArthur has is-
sued a definite directive to newsmen which
is highly important and which, as report-
ed by the Columbia Broadcasting System,
states that "criticism of command deci-
sions or the conduct of Allied soldiers on
the battlefield will not be tolerated."
Also significant is the fact that this new
directive was issued one day after Homer
Bigart of the New York Herald Tribune
cabled a dispatch analyzing the conduct of
U.S. troops, reporting that they -were un-
trained, and that top officers had to remain
with them when under fire to keep them
from breaking. Bigart reported that this was
the reason there were such heavy casualties
The fact is that MacArthur had the larg-
est segment of te U.S. Army under him in
Japan, and failure to train troops is, of
course, a direct reflection on him and his
chief commander, Lieut. Gen. Walton Walk-
ARMY ONCE WELCOMED CRITICISM
THE NEW MacArthur directive barring
newspaper criticism is in direct contra-
diction to the censorship rules laid down
for newspapers in this country during World
War II. At that time both the Army and
Navy agreed that criticism was healthy, im-
portant, in fact, necessary. It is also in vio-
lation of Woodrow Wilson's famous state-
ment in World War I: "We do not need less
criticism, but more. It is hoped that criti-
cism will be constructive, but better unfair
criticism han autocratic repression."
Perhaps if there had been more news-
paper scrutiny and criticism of the en-
tire defense setup, including tanks and
our easy training schedule for American
troops in Japan, things might now be bet-
ter in Korea.
Criticism of the U.S. military in Japan,
however, has always been difficult. Mac-
Arthur just did not tolerate it. While he
had no censorship rules as such, he made
life difficult for the newsmen who tried
to report the full story of the Japanese
For instance, here is a secret cable sent
by MacArthur to Washington in 1946 in
which he proposed barring certain news-
papers. It is hard to understand his rea-
sons for barring such staid newspapers as
the New York Herald Tribune, the San
Fraheisco Chronicle and the Christian Sci-
ence Monitor. Nevertheless his cable read:
"CINCAFPAC, Tokyo-While continuing
my doubts as to the advisability of the
contemplated trip, in view of the insis-
tence of the War Department, I will with-
draw by objection. I would like to have
an oopportunity to pass upon those con-
templated for selection before their in-
vitation is accomplished. I believe the list
should be limited to publishers and editors
and should not include those connected
with papers of known hostility to the Oc-
cupation. Such papers are the Christian
Science Monitor, Herald Tribune, Chi-
cago Sun, San Francisco Chronicle, PM,
Daily Worker and others of this stamp
whose articles and editorials have not only
been slanted but have approached down-
right quackery and dishonesty.-signed-
This policy of ousting independent news-
men continued right up to the Korean crisis.
As late as June 12, London Times corres-
pondent Frank Hawley was ordered out of
Japan merely because he reported what
was a well-established fact - namely, that
a MacArthur-inspired ban on Japanese de-
monstrations was unconstitutional.
* * *
T HE STRANGE story of a $1,000 bill re-
ceived by a Washington police lieutenant
after he tapped the telephone wires of avia-
tion executive Howard Hughes has been re-
ported to the Justice Department.
The wire-tapping job was entirely out-
side the regular work of the Washington po-
lice and was done on behalf of a Senate in-
vestigating committee headed by Senator
Brewster of Haine. Other officials of that
committee state that they never knew of the
wire-tapping, and evidence points to the
likelihood that it was paid for by Brewster
or his friends, Pan American Airways.
The $1,000 bill mentioned in police reports
was handed to Lieut. Joseph Shimon short-
ly after he finished tapping Howard Hughes'
wires. Shimon was in the office of the U. S.
Attorney, where he had a desk at that time,
when a man came in and handed him a
$1,000 bill. Shimon, according to another
policeman who was present, said nothing,
put the bill down on his desk for a moment,
then put it in in his pocket.
Shimon is the same police lieutenant who
tapped the wires of the late Sen. Joseph
Bailey of North Carolina.
(Copyright, 1950. by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
"Please Keep The Aisle Clear.
You Never Know"
IetteP TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by-the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
Hairless Primate . .
To the Editor:
I AM A hairless primate with a
puzzled look. Lately someone has
been leaving your publications on
my porch during the wee hours of
the morning. So I read it.
What I want to know is: Who is
this guy Fields? Did he sign the
Stockholm Peace Petition? And
what other diseases have hit Ann
-John B. Campbell
* * *
Neo-Fascists . .
To the Editor:
I HAVE "viewed with alarm" the
fact' of a neo-Fascist renaissance
during the past few weeks. Many
students have begun to complain
about the Communists with suspi-
ciously greater enthusiasm than
they did about Hitler.
Among these reactionary per-
sons I have noticed the present
acting president of the campus
Young Republicans, one Jasper B.
Reid, and his acolyte, Alvin R.
Lewis. I made it my business to
look Messrs. Reid and Lewis up
in the directory, and I found some
interesting facts about them. Mr.
Lewis is from a small farming
town upstate, the sort of com-
munity where it is considered sin-
ful to play cards, work an eight-
hour day, or join a union. Mr. Reid
is from Birmingham, Michigan, a
suburban community whose per
capita income happens to be
double the national average for
urban towns, and whose popula-
tion is largely made up of General
Motors executives, that is, lackeys
for the Du Ponts.
I doubt if Messrs. Reid and Lew-
is really understand what is going
on in the minds of the common
people who have so consistently
rejected their party. But my main
point is, that they can gloat so
savagely over the Klan-like as-
saults on individuals whose only
fault is to differ from the views of
the masses who have been stirred
up by imperialist propaganda. No
doubt Mr. Reid, for one, is quite
happy to see Korea arbitrarily
split against the wishes of the peo-
ple in order to protect the Morgan
ahd Du Pont investments there.
A bit of warning, Mr. Reid and
Mr. Lewis: the American people
cannot be fooled forever. They will
wake up some day, and they will
overturn the oligarchy you repre-
sent. I have been in Korea, as a
G.I., and I found that imperialism
wasn't the answer. Yours for more
-Samuel N. Gold
Fieldsians . .
To the Editor:
SINCE THE New Yorker, my fa-
vorite magazine, reprints many
items from your publication under
such department headings as
"Woodpulp Which Might Have
Been Better Used," I recently be-
came interested enough in The
Michigan Daily to obtain a sub-
Generally speaking, I must ad-
mit that I have not encountered a
newspaper so intelligently-written
and refreshing since my college
days. Iowever, a recent trend in
your news and editorial columns
disturbs me greatly. Apparently, a
group motivated by political con-
siderations has assumed control of
the policy of .your publication.
Two pictures of a sinister-look-
ing person have appeared lately in
a prominent place on your front
page, while accompanying editor-
ials, news stories and advertise-
ments have heaped Pravda-like
praise upon him.-all this, mind
you, while admitting that he can
effectively render large portions of
our population emotionally un-
The danger inherent *in your
portrayal of this person as a demi-
god forces me to demand (as a
subscriber) answers to the fol-
1-What is the real name of W.
2.-What is the membership of
the Fieldsian Society mentioned in
your news columns?
3-Are there any Fieldsians on
4-Who is this guy Mac Dougall?
I hop~e to find answers to these
vital questions in a future edition
of. your publication which, inci-
dentally, arrives here deplorably
-Leon M. Jaroff i
Math-Hulbert Observatory, Pon-
tiac, Michigan. Speaker: Dr. G. C.
McVittie, Professor of Mathema-
tics, Queen Mary College, London,
England. Subject: Two-Color In-
dices and General Relativity.
Political Science 279: Mr. Jo-
seph C. Boyce, Associate Director,
Argonne National Laboratory, Le-
mon, Illinois, will speak before
Professor Dimock's seminar on
Atomic Energy and Public Policy
on technical and social aspects of
atomic energy. The seminar meets
on Thursday at 3 p.m. in the East
Conference Room of the Rackham
Survey Research Institute. "So-
cial Structure and Reference
Groups in Opinion Research." Ro-
bert K. Merton, Department of So-
ciology, Columbia University. 4 p.-
m., Rm. 131 Business Administra-
tion Building. August 3.
Institute on the Near East.
"Prospects of Peace and Progress
in Turkey." Donald E. Webster,
Fulbright Branch of Exchange of
Persons Division, United States
Department of State. 4:15 p.m.,
Rackham Amphitheatre. Aug. 3.
Linguistic Institute. "Acoustic
Phonetics and Phonemics." Martin
Joos, University of Wiscsonsin.
7:30 p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre.
Student Recital: Andrew Lisko,
Violinist, will present a program
at 8:30 Thursday evening, August
3, in the Rackham Assembly Hall,
in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the Master of Mu-
sic degree. A pupil of Gilbert Ross,
Mr. Lisko will play compositions
by Locatelli, Ross Lee Finney, and
Brahms. The recital will be open
to the public.
Student Recital: Jean Deal, pia-
nist, will present a program in
partial fulfillment of the Master
of Music degree requirements at
4:15 Thursday afternoon, August
3, in the Rackham Assembly Hall.
A pupil of Joseph Brinkman, Miss
Deal will play works by Bach, Mo-
zart, Chopin, Gail Kubik, and De-
bussy. The general public is in-
Carillon Recital: Percival Price,
University Carillonneur, will be
heard in a program of carillon
music at 7:15 Thursday evening,
August 3. It will include tvo songs
by Foster, Preludes 1, 4, & 7 by
Professor Price: five Polish airs,
and instrumental compositions by
J. S. Bach, Haydn, Weber, and
Student Recital: Elaine Brovan,
pianist, will be heard at 8:30 Fri-
day evening, August 4, in the Ar-
chitecture Auditorium, playing
compositions by Bach, Hindemith,
Mozart, and Schubert. Presented
in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the degree of Ba-
chelor of Music, the recital will be
open to the public. Miss Brovan is
a pupil of Marian Owen.
General Library, main lobby
cases. "Trochiledae, Family of
Humming Birds," by John Gould,
supplement, 1887. (July 27-August
Museum of Archaeology. From
Tombs and Towns of Ancient
Museums Building. Rotunda ex-
hibit, "The Coal Flora of Michi-
gan." Exhibition halls, "Microsco-
Law Library. Legal cartoons
(basement, July 24-August 18).
Michigan Historical Collections.
160 Rackham Building. "Tourists
in Michigan-Yesterday and To-
Museum of Art. Oriental ceram-
ics (June 26-August 15). Modern
graphic art. (July 2-August 15).
Clements Library. Michigan rar-
ities. (August 1-18).
University Community Club,
Willow Village, Thursday, Aug. 3:
12 a.m. Wives' Club Board Lunch-
eon; 8 p.m. Ceramics, choir.
Seminar in Applied Mathema-
tics will meet Thursday, August
3, at 4:00 p.m. in Room 247 West
Engineering Building. Professor
S. Chandrasekhar of Yerkes Ob-
servatory, Univ. of Chicago, Wil-
liams Bay, Wisc. will speak on "A
class of non-linear integral equa-
Classical Studies Coffee Hour.
Students' in the Department of
Classical. Studies and others who
are interested are invited to at-
tend on August 3 at 4:00 p.m. in
the West Conference Room of the
Rackham Building. There will be
an informal talk by Professor C.
Graduate Student Council meet-
ing Thursday August 3, West Lec-
ture room, Rackham Building, 7:30
U. of M. Sailing Club: Meeting
Thursday, 7:30, Rm. 311, West
Engine. Prepare for Barton Pond
Team Race this Sunday.
Deutsches Haus 1101 Church
Street will hold Open House,
Thursday, August 3 from 7:30 to
10 p.m. There will be games, sing-
ing, and refreshments will be serv-
ed. Everyone is cordially invited.
French Club: Soiree Amicale to-
day at 8 p.m. at the French House,
1027 E. University. Songs, games,
Dr. Samuel Hartwell, Michigan
Department of Mental Hygiene,
will be our psychiatrist consultant
at the case clinic Friday, July 14,
at the Fresh Air Camp, Pinckney,
The subject of the University
Museums program for Friday eve-
ning, August 4, will be "Micro-
scopic Life." Short moving pictures
entitled "Amoeba and Vorticella"
and "The Story of Louis Pasteur"
will be shown in Kellogg Auditor-
ium at 7:30 p.m. Related exhibits
will be on display at the Museums
Building from 7 to 9 p.m.
Visitors' Night, Department of
Astronomy - Friday, August 4,
8:30 to 10 p.m., Angell Hall. The
Student Observatory, fifth floor,
will be open for observation of Ju-
piter and Star Clusters. If the sky.
is not clear, the visitors' night will
be canceled. Children must be ac-
companied by adults.
USSR & UN
By J. M. ROBERTS, JR.
AP Foreign Affairs Analyst
SOVIET RUSSIA'S return to the
United Nations council table
seems to have made sure that
Communist China will notbe ad-
mitted to membership while other
Communists make aggressive war.
The Russians also have added
one and perhaps two serious blun-
ders to their long list.
They reversed themselves on the
boycott of the UN which had last-
ed for seven months, gambling a
serious loss of face against the
opportunity to make an appeal to
anti-Western sentiment in Asia.
Their first blunder was to an-
nounce their return severaldays
in advance, giving the Western na-
tions a well-utilized opportunity to
be prepared with antidotes for Ma-
And the propaganda itself was
to full of ill-considered inflamma-
tion that it may defeat its own
purpose. Malik appealed to Asia.
But he tried tricks rather than
persuasion on the merits of the
Communist case. He tried vilifica-
tion and the "big lie" technique
against the United States. By
making his appeal to Asia through
these tactics, he let them know
that he considered them fools, and
it may cost Russia dearly.
IN HIS RECITAL Tuesday evening Willard
MacGregor played an all-Chopin program
of heroic proportions. It included the Scher-
zos in B Minor and B Flat Minor, the Sonata
in B Minor, the Twenty-four Preludes and
an assortment of smaller pieces. We are
grateful to Mr. MacGregor for giving him-
self so freely and offering such rich - pro-
grams. Our feeling is, however, that the
effort of playing so much music imposes a
heavy burden on execution and interpreta-
tion. Mr. MacGregor appeared visibly tired
by the time he had reached the B Flat
Minor Prelude, and the tremendously diffi-
cult Twenty-fourth Prelude was played by
sheer grit and force of will.
The most valuable part of Mr. MacGre-
gor's pianistic equipment is a fine lyric
sense which showed to good advantage in
the slow melody of the B Minor Scherzo,
in the nocturne-like theme of the Largo of
the Sonata, and in the dreamier preludes.
His handling of a quiet melodic line is
sensitive and eloquent; it is in those pas-
sages where big tone and sweeping rhetoric
are required that he falls down. There was
considerable blurring in fast passages, and
evident technical inadequacies. The tran-
scendently difficult Preludes, No. 8 in F
sharp Minor, No. 16 in B Flat Minor, and
No. 24 in D Minor were performed only
at the expense of considerable effort and
considerably more pedal. My own views on
the use of the piano pedal are somewhat
narrow and I even prefer Chopin played
with a minimum of pedal-though I know
this is contrary to all the traditions of
Chopin playing. Chopin, I am convinced,
requires a classical approach: by this I
mean clearer outlines, a stricter control
of rubato, and an abandonment of all
those "expressive" tricks which seem to be
the standard equipment of performers of
We had not heard the Preludes played in
their entirety since before the war, and we
were again impressed by the real greatness
of this music. Chopin is no longer fashion-
able with intellectuals-they listen to no
music later than the eighteenth century-
and his compositions are dismissed as trivial.
jYet no one can overlook the splendid variety,
the emotional intensity, and heroic power
,of the Preludes. Again we thank Mr. Mac-
,xregor for letting us hear them again.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the Office of the
Summer Session, R~oom 3510 Admiin-
istration Building, by 3:00 p.m. on
the day preceding publication (11:00
THURSDAY, AUGUST 3, 1950
VOL. LX, No. 26-S
H.A representative of National
Homes Corporation will be at the,
University on Friday, August 4th
to interview applicants for their
field representative training pro-
gram. They are interested in inter-
viewing August 1950 graduates
from any college in the University.
For further information call the
Bureau of Appointments, Ext. 371.
Notice: The Office of the Sum-
mer Session is holding an Air Mail
letter for Miss Julia Allen from
the Young Women's Christian As-
sociation of the United States of
America National Board. Will
you please call for it at 3510 Ad-
ministration Building. It will be
held until Friday, August 4 be-
fore being returned to sender.
Astronomical Colloquium: Sat-
urday, August 5, 2 p.m. at the Mc-
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan underthe
authority of the Board in Control of
Philip Dawson......Managing Editov
Peter Hotton...............City Editor
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Pat Brownson.......Women's Editor
Roger Wellington.... Business Manager
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