t~.. , r.,.
'WAR JITTERS' ARRIVE
See Page 2
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LX, No. 24-S
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SUNDAY, JULY 30, 1950
1 ,,, ,
'U' To Work on
WASHINGTON - (A') - In a
move to speed the building of a
big air armada, the Government
yesterday ordered work to start
on some $4,300,006,000 worth of
planes without waiting for Con-
"' Certain the money will be voted,
the Air Force sought to save weeks
of precious poduction time by
signalling 200 manufacturers of
planes and parts to get going.
* * *
IT MAY be late August before
Congress completes the appropria-
An official said the entire Air
Force plane ordering program ask-
ed of Congress for the fiscal year
that began July 1 is covered by
the order. The number of planes
involved was not stated, although
it is in the thousands.
What manufacturers are get-
ting is a letter of intention to
place orders. This is "something
they can start getting employes
with," an official explained. De-
tailed contracts will be signed
" The official said the letters went
to'virtually every manufacturer of
planes and parts in the country.
* * *
This proposed three billion dol-
lar expansion program for the
U. S. Air Force may result in a
lot of orders for Michigan firms.
Air Force procurement offices
here are getting ready to handle
a rush of orders once the go-ahead
signal is given.
University of Michigan re-
searchers were given nearly $1,-
000,000 worth of assignments.
Among these was an. $800,000
research program on guided
missile control systems.
Col. Russell Keilor, commander
of the Detroit Air Force Procure-
ment Field Office, said yesterday
no expansion orders have yet come
from A i r Materiel Command
Headquarters at Wright-Patter-
son Air Force base, Dayton, O.
By The Associated Press
A manufacturer and a woman
ex-government employe were ar-
rested yesterday on charges of
conspiring with Harry Gold, con-
fessed atom spy, to give false tes-
timony to a federal grand jury
investigating subversive activities.
The Justice Department identi-
fied them as Abraham Brothman,
36, head of the Ulster Chemical
Company in Cliffwood, N. J., and
tall blonde, Miriam Moskowitz,
34, principal stockholder and an
official of the firm.
U. S. ATTORNEY Irving H. Say-
pol said they arranged with Gold
to give "false, fictitious and man-
ufactured information" to the fed-
eral grand jury in 1947.
Yesterday grand jury session
was called at the last minute
because the three-year statute
of limitations covering the al-
leged offenses was about to ex-
In Washington, FBI Director J.
Edgar Hoover said Gold and
Brothman agreed to tell the grand
jury falsely that they had been
brought together by the late Ja-
cob Golos, a New York importer
previously identified as a Soviet
Elizabeth Bentley, self-described
ex-courier for a Soviet spy ring,
has said Golos recruited her as a
ArIrvTAM. No 'I si. *then
Risks a 'Must' for
Peace Says Attlee
Pays Tribute to U.S., Praises UN
Intervention in Korean War Crisis
TAUNTON, Eng.-(P-Prime Minister Attlee warned Britain
yesterday that world peace could be obtained only by "positive ac-
tion and willingness to take risks."
He told a Labor rally that the United Nations might have gone
the way of the defunct League of Nations if it hadn't acted to halt
the Communist invasion of South Korea.
* * *
To Press for
ministration, seeking to ward off
any economic blows to the Mar-
shall Plan, told Congress yester-
day that the rebuilding of Eu-
rope's strength is now more im-
portant than ever.
Secretary of State Dean Ache-
son and William Foster, acting
head of the Economic Coopera-
tion Administration (ECA), urged
in separate letters to Chairman
Connally '(Dem-Tex) of the Sen-
ate Foreign Relations Committee
that adequate funds be voted for
a third year of the aid program.
* * *
THE SENATE has agreed to
start voting Monday on the for-
eign aid section of the one-pack-
age $34,688,000,000 appropriation
bill. Some Republicans hope to
slice a multi-million dollar chunk
out of funds earmarked for the
European Recovery Program.
Foster said he realized that
mounting military expenditures
for the Korean fighting and for
rearming against possible Com-
munist aggression elsewhere re-
quire that the nation's resource?;
be husbanded for the most es-
But among these needs, he add-
ed, "high priority must be given to
the sums required for maintaining
the economic strength of our
friends and increasing their mili-
tary strength as well."
ACHESON ENDORSED Foster's
views, saying that "the mounting
economic strength of Western Eu-
rope is of paramount importance
to the fulfillment of the policy
which the United States govern-
ment has been pursuing."
"I cannot urge too strongly
that the Congress take action to'
provide adequate funds to sup-
port this mounting strength,"
Neither letter mentioned the in-
creased Foreign Arms Aid Pro-,
gram which President Truman is
expected to put before Congres-
sional leaders at a White House
conference Monday morning.
Advance reports were that Mr.
Truman will ask for an additional
$4,000,000,000 to h e 1 p rearm
friendly nations. This would be
on top of the $1,222,500,000 already
authorized by. Congress for the
fiscal year which started July 1.
THEN, PAYING tribute to the
United States' intervention in the
Korean war, Attlee said:
"All honor is due the U. S.
who took the action, and we in
this country and more than 50
other nations are backing them
up in this endeavor to preserve
"I know' this means risks and
dangers but any other course
would mean risks and dangers. I
am quite sure that if we want to
get an authority in the world that
is greater than the will of an ag-
ressor we have got to say here
and now that aggression shall not
* * *
HE BLAMED the Communist
states of Europe and Asia for keep-
ing the world split into political
The Prime Minister echoed what
is uppermost in the minds of
many Western European states-
men - the danger of rearming at
the expense of domestic economic
well-being. He said:
"If you put too much into your
armaments you may ruin your
economy and make just the kind
of conditions which will be fav-
orable to the growth of totalitar-
"If you put too little into your
defense you may fail to preserve
essential law and order. We have
reviewed that balance."
Washtenaw County's D r a f t
Board was authorized by the State
Selective Service headquarters yes-
terday to go on a seven-day week
in order to fill the expanded draft
Only those men eligible for in-
duction in September were order-
ed to be sent to Detroit for pre-
induction physicals next month.
Draft board officials were ad-
vised that the county would
probably have to send "an ad-
ditional three and a half times"
its previous pre-induction quota
into Detroit for pre-draft exam-
This will bring the county's pre-
induction quota up from 102 to
roughly 500. Out of these an es-
timated 70 men will probably ac-
tually be drafted.
Wednesday the first group of
eligible draftees since the start of
the Korean crisis will take their
physical examinations at the De-
troit Induction Center. A total
of 102 have been called for these
FAIRFIELD, Calif. - (P) - A
Guadalcanal veteran, wounded
in the Korean war, says "Guad-
alcanal was nothing in compar-
ison" to Korea.
"This one is really 'tough,"
declared PFC George J. Stakes,
47, of Chicago. He was one of
18 wounded veterans of the 24th
Infantry Division who reached
here Friday in the third plane
bearing wounded from Korea.
Stakes has spent 17 years in
"Those young boys are really]
doing fine," Stakes said. "They
do need better morale and bet-
Step Up Air
TOKYO-(P)-U. S. forces yes-
terday appeared to be stepping up
their air attacks against the Com-
munist war machine in Korea.
B-29s from U. S. bases in Ja-
pan went out "in some strength"
early yesterday, striking supply
and communications targets in
North Korea, an air force spokes-
THAT WAS taken as an indi-
cation that Superforts were mak-
ing bigger raids on supply lines
to the advancing Communist
troops in the South.
Yesterday more than 90 per-
cent of the Air Force's fghter
and bomber missions was di-
rected against Communists ad-
vancing on the southwest flank]
of the U. S. positions.1
B-29 bombers are blasting North
Korean targets at a rate of 5,000]
tons of bombs per month, accord-
ing to Maj-Gen. Emmett (Rosie)
The bomber Command chief
said 3,000 tons of bombs already
had been dropped on both tacti-
cal and strategic targets starting
with the first mission by two new
B-29 groups July 13.
T H E INITIAL assault was]
mounted eight days after the two
groups first received orders to
come overseas from their Ameri-
can West Coast bases.
Since then the B-29s have main-
tained a daily attack schedule
without much regard for weather.
On Friday they completed their
sixth consecutive day of visual
bombing - conditions favorable
for accuracy - in an intense at-
tack on North Korean communi-
cations. Between July 23 and 28
they dropped 1,250 tons of high
explosives on 95 major targets.
By The Associated Press
LONDON - Bricks were hurl-
ed through windows of the Soviet
Embassy last night by a chanting
mob of demonstrators, apparent-
ly members of Sir Oswald Mosley's
fascist-style "union movement.'
Witnesses said the demonstra-
tors dropped leaflets mentioning
Mosley and stating the "union
movement" is the only effective
defense against Russian Commu-
nism. The leaflets were headed
"Russia threatens war."
LAKE SUCCESS - Russia
kept the United Nations quessing
last night what she will do when
Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister
Jakob A.Malik takes over the
Security Council presidency for
August next Tuesday.
necticut Democrats, pledging ac-
tion on the home front to aid
the Armed Forces in Korea, yes-
terday named Governor Chester
Bowles and U. S. Senators Brien
McMahon and William Benton to
head their ticket in the fall elec-
BRUSSELS - (P) - Belgium
plunged deeper into civil chaos
last night and the government or-
dered drastic new measures to
deal with anti-Leopoldist riots,
strikes and sabotage.
Rioters singing French Revolu-
tionary songs and howling for
King Leopold's abdication push-
ed mounted gendarmes aside in
two missile-throwing battles in
Brussels; smashed store windows,
and marched with an effigy of the
King in Gent; threw themselves
across the rails to stop trains at
* * * *
CRACKS APPEAR IN KOREA DEFENSE WALL-Communists
cracked two holes in the last ditch lines of American forces.
They captured the village of Chirye, ten miles south of Kum-
chon (A) and pushed to within 50 miles of the vital seaport of
Pusan (B). The drive in the center of American positions was
considered the most serious of the two attacks.
U.S. Vice Consul Shot
While Escaping China
Port of Pusan
THE GOVERNMENT ordered
troops to occupy power stations,
telephone exchanges and other
places and was reported to have
recalled two battalions from oc-
cupation duties in Germany. It
declared a state of emergency in
Liege and banned all public meet-
ings there and in the regions of
Brussels and Verviers.
Certain army units were or-
dered brought up immediately
to full war strength. A decree
gave increased powers to pro-
vincial governors, enabling them
to seize public buildings, ban
meetings and take other pre-
With anti-Leopoldists busily
preparing a massive "march on
Brussels" for Tuesday, it did not
seem likely the government or-
ders, especially the ban on pub-
lic meetings, would be heeded.
* * *
THE UPHEAVAL of strikes and
violence threatened to spread into
a separatist movement and split
Belgium, a member of the West-
ern front of nations.
The Socialist Le Peuple said a
states-general, or provisional par-
liament, would be called shorly
in Liege, center of violently anti-
Leopoldist Walloonia. This report
heightened rumors that an insur-
rectional provisional government
might be formed in the French-
Socialist Trade Union leaders
boasted that 500,000 workers were
on strike against their King; that
not a single train could move in
Charleroi, Mons, Namur and
45 in Detroit
DETROIT - (A) - Forty-five
candidates had qualified by yes-
terday's deadline for a City Coun-
cil and a recorder's judgeship va-
cancy to be filled in a special elec-
tion Sept. 12.
Among those qualifying for the
Council race was former Mayor
Eugene I. Van Antwerp and Lola
The Council vacancy was creat-
ed by the death of Edward J.
Jeffries, a brother of Mrs. Hana-
van. The death of Judge Chris-
topher E. Stein created the re-
corder's court vacancy.
Among those filing for judge was
Charles W. Jones, appointed by
Gov. G. Mennen Williams to serve
until Stein's successor is elected.
U. S. Platoon
By The Associated Press
KOREA - Communist capture
of the village of Chirye, only 1C
miles south of the vital U.S. com-
munication and supply center of
Kumchon, was indicated yester-
AP correspondent W il111an
Moore reported that an.Americar
reconnaissance platoon was am-
bushed on the road at a poini
18 miles south of Kumchon.
* * *
CHIRYE IS on the main Ko-
chang-Kumchon railway, 30 air-
line miles northwest of Taegu. .
Reports about the ambush
were sketchy. However, they In-
dicated that North Korean ma-
chineguns pinned down one
American platoon. It was res-
cued by another in a fierce fight.
Casualties on either side were
The strength of the enemy force
was not' determined, but it ap-
peared todberadvancing north-
ward toward Kumchon and pos-
sibly reached Chirye.
TWO OTHER Red thrusts far-
ther south had swept to withir
55 miles or so of Pusan, major
American port and supply basE
at the southeast tip of Korea.
The Reds in the Kumchon
area appeared to be the biggest
immediate threat, however.
MacArthur's headquarters saIk
the Communists were attacking o
executing movements for a prob
able renewed attack all along thi
ican Vice Consul seeking to escape
Communist-held Northwest China
by a dangerous trek through the
lofty Himalayas has been shot to
death by Tibetan border guards,
the State Department revealed
The Department termed the kill-
ing of Vice Consul Douglas S.
MacKiernan a mistake, saying the
Tibetans' mistook his party for
bandits or Communist raiders. Ti-
bet has apologized.
'THE INCIDENT occurred April
13 but was reported only yesterday
by the State Department. First
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Senate Dem-
ocratic Leader . Lucas suggested
yesterday that giving President
Truman stand-by-power to in-
voke wage-price and rationing
controls might add up to a work-
able compromise in the hot dis-
pute over home' front mobiliza-
Republican Senator Ives (NY),
declared the world situation is
grave, said last night President
Truman should have at least
stand-by power to impose wage,
price and perhaps rationing con-
Rep. Mills (Dem-Ark), member
of the fax-framing House Ways
and Means Committee, announced
yesterday he would seek prompt
action on an excess profits tax
"to curb profiteering."
He said he would try to pin the
profits tax on an Administration
bill for renegotiation of defense
news came from a native runner
who took 27 days to reach Lhasa,
capital of Tibet.
MacKiernan and an American
student had been en route by
camel caravan from isolated
Province in Northwest China
since the Communists took over
the area last September. They
had gone 1200 miles when the
border shooting occurred.
While on his way, MacKiernan
was charged repeatedly in Com-
munist propaganda with organiz-
ing Chinese bandits in Northwest
China into anti-Communist bands.
MacKIERNAN HAD the duty of
closing down the United States
Consulate at Tihwa, Sinkiang, fol-
lowing the departure of Consul J.
Hall Paxton, and two other Ameri-
cans as Communist forces neared
the city. Hall, his wife, and Vice
Consul John Dreeson left Tihwa
last August and reached India
two months later over the same
difficult route which MacKiernan
and Bessac tackled in September.
JASPER, Ala.-(IP)-A 44-year-
old man delivered a tirade against
President Truman and ;U.S. mili-
tary leaders before a crowd of 500
yesterday and was charged with
The Police Chief said Wallace
Haley, of Decatur, Ala., was. ar-
rested after addressing a Saturday
crowd in the courthouse square.
The Commissioner said the
speaker was arrested under au-
thority granted by the code of
Chief Wilson said Haley was
charged with "unlawful anarchy"
an dheld on $2,500 bond.
U.S. EIGHTH ARMY headquar-
ters in Korea said, however, the
pressure had slackened after coun-
terattacks blunted the big Red
drive that began Friday.
MacArthur's public informa-
tion chief objected yesterday to a
disclosure that fresh U.S. troops
in the Korean fighting had come
from Okinawa bases.
The officer, Col. M. P. Echols,
also urged war correspondents
again to use "discretion" in re-
porting the battlefront behavior
of some American troops.
He said, however, that news cen-
sorship is impossible in the Korean
FIRST CAVALRY Division units
abandoned the rail and highway
town of Hwanggan early yesterday,
then sent patrols back into the
no-man's land. Field dispatches
said the orderly withdrawal was
made to consolidate defense lines
some eight miles northeast of
Hwanggan is on the main rail-
road to Pusan, main U.S. supply
port 85 miles to the southeast.
Patrols found no North Korean
troops had entered Hwanggan by
However, the North Koreans
were rushing up masses of artil-
lery, including at least one thought
to be a railway gun, through a rail
tunnel that U.S. Navy skip-bomb-
ers had closed Friday. The Reds
used horses and manpower to haul
up a score of guns in an arc three
to five miles from the westernmost
American position, the dispatches
LT. GEN. Walton H. Walker,
Eighth Army commander, com-
mented yesterday "there is no
point in not telling the simple
truth, which is that the war has
reached a critical stage."
He promised, however, "ulti-
mate victory will be ours. Of
that I am sure." He said he was
confident U.S. troops, although
outnumbered, could hold until
The general told correspondents
that the fact the war had reached
a critical stage "does not mean
Group Plays Seldom
Heard Musical Works
HANSEL ANi GRETEL:
Humperdinck's 0pera'To Open Here
Take your pick ... string groups,
woodwinds, eager flutists, bounc-
ing basses, all will be represented
at the Collegium Musicum pro-
gram at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow in
the Rackham Assembly Hall.
Curt Sachs, Summer session mu-
sic lecturer, will act as adviser
was organized to arrange and
perform little-known music,
chiefly pre-1700 for listening
pleasure. It owes its start to
Prof. Louise Cuyler, of the mu-
sic school, a musicologist in her
A fairy tale set to music will
dance onto the Lydia Mendelssohn
stage this week, when "Hansel and
Gretel," an opera by Humper-
dinck plays a four-day run start-
It will be presented by the
speech department in conjunction
This tragic situation is solved
in typically fairy-book style,
and dissolves into song by the
end of the third act.
Hansel and Gretel was brought
to American 50 years ago and
since has entrenched itself in the
innvertoire of every grand onera
precisely naive melodies, what art
and subtlety in orchestral treat-
ment, what perfection in the shap-
ing of the whole work . . . all so
original and new, and yet so gen-
THE OPERA will be directed by