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July 29, 1950 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1950-07-29

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BELT TIGHTENING
See Page 2

*r Aa

:4 aii

CLOUDY, WARM

Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LX, No. 24-S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN,

SATURDAY, JULY 29, 1950

FOUR PAGE

I

---l'

New Baruch
Control Plan
Hits Senate
Truman Opposes
Sweeping Plan
WASHINGTON-(P)-A n e w
built-by-Baruch plan for stand-
by price, wage and rationing con-
trols hit the Senate yesterday,
but the White House stood firm
against such a sweeping measure.
President Truman's council of
economic advisers, it was learned,.
believes the buying wave is a
"speculative flurry" which will
subside without serious inflation-
ary harm.
* * *
EVEN WITH a possible $4,000,-
000,000 boost in foreign military
aid still to come, the arms pro-
gram is estimated to be only 20
per cent or so of the World War
II production effort.
When consumers and mer-
chants realize that this is un-
likely to cut deeply into civilian
goods output, the Council be-
lieves, much of the panic buy-
ing and hoarding should die
down.
However, Bernard Baruch pro-
posed that price, wage and ration-
ing controls be approved on a
"standby" basis, and the Senate
Banking Committee decided to
vote Monday on the idea.
BARUCH'S PLAN calls for a
rollback of prices to the highest
level in the month preceding the
Communist invasion of Korea on
June 25.
TheAdministration is divided,
even though the President him-
self has rejected an earlier Ba-
ruch plan for a quick "freeze"
on prices and wages.
A few of Truman's top-ranking
aides hold the view that all-out
nobilization powers should be
sked, lest the country miss a
l:ssible last chance of building
its military machine to match
Russia's.
Government
Commences
SecurityDrive
WASHINGTON-()-The gov-
ernment yesterday opened a drive
to catch and prosecute spies and
saboteurs on the home front.
This was disclosed in two sep-
arate announcements.
1. J. EDGAR HOOVER, FBI di-
rector, said each citizen can play
an important part in stopping
Communists who would bore from
within. The citizen's job: to report
quickly to the FBI any evidence of
subversion or sabotage.
2. Attorney General McGrath
announced that the Justice De-
partment intends to be ready
for any evidence that might be
turned up. Effective Oct. 1, he
said, four Federal grand juries
- instead of the usual two -
will be kept on duty here.
At least one grand jury will be
used exclusively to deal with
charges of subversive activity.
McGRATH SAID top priority
will be given "to all criminal mat-
ters in the internal security and
defense fields."
In New York, United States
Attorney Irving H. Saypol said

that of six grand juries sitting
in his district "some have been
listening to evidence concern-
ing espionage and subversive ac-
tivities."
He would give no details.
CONGRESS, TOO, was worried
about security.
The Senate took final action
on a bill which has this pur-
pose: to kill off the chances of
an enemy ship launching a
sneak atomic bomb attack on
the U. S.

MAY NEED MORE MEN:

Another Draft Call
Possible This Year
WASHINGTON-(.)-There is a strong possibility that the Army
may issue another draft call this year.
This become apparent yesterday after Chairman Vinson (Dem.-
Ga.) of the House Armed Services Committee gave this breakdown on
the Army's plans:
Present strength: 594,000; proposed strength: 834,000; recruits
needed: 240,000.
THE ARMY ASKED Selective Service to draft 50,000 men in
September, another 50,000 in October.
e This will leave the Army 140,-

Call Troops
In Belgian
Disorders
BRUSSELS-(/)-Rioting anti-'
Leopoldists yesterday attacked
street cars, taxis and stores opera-
ting in defiance of a strike call
in Belgium's capital.
Then the government 'called
troops for the first time in two
days to keep disorders from get-
ting further out of hand.
* * *
OPPONENTS of King Leopold
III, who returned from exile Sat-
urday, have resorted to violence to
support the strike called in an at-
tempt to force the King's abdica-
tion. Premier Jean Duvieusart
warned over the radio the Govern-
ment would take energetic mea-
sures to protectkvital installations.
An unconfirmed report said
troops also were being brought
from their occupation sector in
the British zone of Germany.
Government officials declined to
comment.,
Throughout the afternoon win-
dows were smashed, smoke and
stink bombs were hurled, police
whistles shrilled and ambulance
bells clanged. The violence was a
follow-up to the battle anti-Leo-
poldists staged with police guard-
ing the King at Laeken Palace.
* * *
SOCIALIST LEADERS of the
King's opponents .have threatened
political and industrial chaos un-
til Leopold steps down from the1
throne.
The pro-Leopold cabinet of'
Social Christian (Catholic) par-
ty members announced last
night it had taken "a certain
number of measures" to main-
tain public order and freedom to
work. The nature of these mea-
sures was not disclosed.
In his radio message, the Pre-
mier called for an end to threats
and violence and hinted a com-
promise to satisfy Leopold's op-
ponents might be considered.
Speaking after an audience with
the King, he said Leopold wanted
to consult leaders of all opinions.
Test Sirens Today
Ann Arbor's two air raid
warning sirens, recently install-
ed in the Fire Department tow-
er will be tested at noon today.
The "all clear" signal - a
steady one-minute blast follow-
ed by two minutes of silence
and then another one-minute
blast, will be sounded.

000 men short of its goal unless
there is a flood of volunteers.
Vinson talked with reporters
after Gen. J. Lawton Collins, Army
Chief of Staff, had explained the
Army's plans to the Committee.
* * *
THE ARMY expects to get $3,-
000,000,000 of the $10,500,000,000
in extra military funds which
President Truman asked for Mon-
day.
More than half the Army's
share - $1,651,000,000 - will go
for tanks, guns and field artil-
lery. It is understood that a con-
siderable amount will go for a
new anti-aircraft gun, the Sky-
sweeper.
Maj. Gen. E. L. Ford, Chief of
Army Ordnance, and Brig. Gen.
Leslie Simon, Chief of Ordnance
Research, also appeared before the
committee.
No Survivors
In Brazilian
Plane Crash
RIO DE JANEIRO-(/)-A Bra-
zilian Constellation plane crash-
ed and caught fire last night out-
side Porto Alegre, killing all 49
persons aboard.
Among the 43 passengers was
an American, Ralph Motley, 48,
Sales Manager for the Atlantic
Refining Company. He came here
from Richmond, Ind., some years
ago. All others aboard apparently
were Brazilians. The crew num-
bered six.
The crash was the worst air
disaster in Brazil's history and
the fourth in 16 months. The big
plane, which belonged to Panair
do Brazil, had left Rio de Janeiro
in the morning. It encountered bad
weather while approaching Porto
Alegre, a port city on the Atlan-
tic Ocean about 700 air miles
southwest of Rio de Janeiro.
'Worker' Delivered
In CityNightly ,
Copies of articles reprinted from
the Michigan Worker, Communist
publication, denouncing U. S. ac-
tion in Korea are being circulated'
in Ann Arbor residential districts.
Police said the newspaper re-
prints are being deposited on front
porches late at night. The cir-
culators apparently are hitting dif-
ferent sections of the city every
night, officers reported.
Headlines on the articles use
such phrases as "Truth on Korea,"
"Tell Congress: End Korean War,"
"War Throttles People's Rights";
and "What Every American Should
Know About the Korean War
Plot."

Senate OKs
Budget Fund'
For Defense
WASHINGTON-(P)-The Sen-
ate yesterday approved the big-
gest item in the one-package ap-
propriation bill - $13,294,581,821
for national defense.
This is the regular, initial fund
sought under the 1951 budget re-
quest, and does not include the ad-j
ditional $10,500,000,000 that Presi-
dent Truman asked last Monday to
improve the nation's military set-
up. That will be handled in later,
separate legislation.
* * *
A HUGE increase in foreignj
arms aid - reportedly "s much
as $4,000,000,000 -'will be dis-
cussed with Democratic and Re-
publican congressional leaders at
a White House conference Mon-
day.
President Truman, already
on record about the need for
stepping up the common secur-
ity program on non-Communist
nations, will lay the projected
increase before the lawmakers
in the presence of Secretary of
State Acheson and Secretary of
Defense Johnson.
It would augment the $1,222,-
500,000 authorization already ap-
proved by Congress to furnish
arms during the current fiscal
year to the nations abroad.
* * *
TRUMAN yesterday also called
for large increases in the govern-
ment's stockpiling program of vi-
tal war materials and its output
of synthetic rubber.
He also asked $18,000,000 to ex-
pand the work of reconditioning
merchant ships in the national
defense reserve fleet.
Mr. Truman asked Congress for
$600,000,000 to buy critical mater-
ials, which would make a total of
$2,635,000,000 for stockpile pro-
grams since the last war.
Last Chance
To SeeFields
Fields' fanatics have just one
more chance to see their idol in
"You Can't Cheat an Honest
Man," double-billed with "Hang-
over Square" at 8 p.m. today in
Hill Auditorium.
This is one of the famous fun-
nyman's later pictures, after he
left the stage for good and turn-
ed to the films. But his well known
juggling acts, his card tricks and
his crooked cue are all included.
Fields just couldn't make a pic-
ture without them.
CREGAR LEADS daring Linda
Darnell into the labyrinth of Lon-
don's apartment house area, while
playing an insane pianist.
Cregar was so anxious to play
this different part that he went
on a rigorous diet and took off
about forty pounds to slim him-
self down to creepy proportions.
A double feature calculated to
bring wriggles, then giggles,
Fields' comic antics provide a
pleasant relief to the dimly light-
ed, fog-filled streets of London.
The first feature, "Hangover
Square" starts at 8 p.m. and co-
median Fields will be seen at 9:15
p.m. today.
Tickets, costing fifty cents for
both films, are on sale at the Union
and the box-office of Hill Au-
ditorium.

USSR RETURNS-Come Tuesday, the vacant Russian seat in the Security Council will once again
be occupied. Russia's Jakob A. Malik ended the Soviet boycott Thursday when he informed the UN
that he would take over the presidency of the Security Council on August 1.

U N Guesses
On Russian
Motivation
LAKE SUCCESS - () - UN
delegates speculated yesterday the
return of the Soviet Union to the
Security Council next Tuesday
may signal the start of another
Russian peace offensive.
One high delegate, voicing the
concensus of several persons at
the UN, said the so-called Stock-
For more speculations see page 2
holm Peace Petition campaign by
the Soviet Union has failed and
the Russians must try something
else.
* * *
ANOTHER ENVOY, who has a
background of four years service
in Moscow, said he believed So-
viet military leaders figure the
Communists may win the Korean
war soon and that the Kremlin
had decided to step back to the
Council and demand peace at that
stage.
It was noted widely the an-
nouncement of Russia's decision
came about the time the North
Koreans launched a major of-
fensive in a tremendous effort
to drive the Americans and oth-
er UN forces off the Korean
peninsula.
But regardless of what the So-
viet Union does when Deputy For-
eign Minister Jakob A. Malik takes
the Council chair for August, the
blunt-spoken president for July,
Arne Sunde of Norway, said flat-
ly, "We will not allow anyone to
sabotage the work of the council."
I7
w World News
By The Associated Press
LONDON-The civilian directors
of the North Atlantic Alliance an-
nounced a unanimous agreement
last night on ways to accelerate
defense production in Western
Europe.
The directors are Deputy For-
eign Ministers of the 12 member
nations. They opened secret ses-
sions here last Tuesday under the
chairmanship of Charles Spofford
of the United States.
WASHINGTON-Telegrams be-
gan going ott yesterday ordering
slected Air Force reservists to ac-
tive duty, a limited number of re-
servists of the WAF, women's
branch of the Air Force, are being
called to active duty and the Air
Force announced that it will order
50 reserve Chaplains to duty.
** *
LONDON-The British War
Office last night halted release
of all army regulars whose en-
.. ....t ,... ..,,,;,, , a 4 .

A ustralia To Pirepare
For Future -- Menzies
WASHINGTON-(A)-Australia's Prime Minister said last night
his country will not be found neutral "in a world struggle for human
freedom" and has decided to be prepared for the future.
The official, R. G. Menzies, told a CBS radio audience that he is
in the United States to discuss for one thing the best way to carry
out Australia's new decision to throw ground forces into the Korean
struggle.
MENZIES EXPRESSED pride that his country, with 8,000,0000
population against 150,500,000 in the U.S., acted instantly to back up

American forces by placing underO
American command "our crack
fighter squadron of the Royal Aus-
tralian Air Force, and certain ships
of the Royal Australian Navy."
Menzies recalled that the
American people "were our pow-
erful and unforgettable allies,
our friends and deliverers" in
the last war.
"Further, we have decided to be
prepared for the future," Menzies
said. "The Australian government,
which was elected only just over
six months ago, has already an-
nounced its plans for the introduc-
tion of national service training
on a compulsory basis" with a
strengthening of naval and air
forces, and military supply. {
"There need be no idea any-
where that Australia will be neu-
tral in a world struggle with hu-
man freedom," he added.
Murray Wins
In Oklahoma
OKLAHOMA CITY-(P)-John-
ston Murray defeated William O.
Coe by 1,009 votes for the Demo-
cratic nomination for Governor of
Oklahoma last Tuesday, the State
Election Board announced yester-
day.
J. William Cordell, Board Secre-
tary, announced official tabula-
tions gave Murray 235,943 and
Coe 234,934.
* * *
MIKE MONRONEY won the
Democratic nomination for U. S.
Senator with 240,432 votes to 213,-
665 for Sen. Elmer Thomas. The
difference was 26,767.

UAW, Bendix
Agree on Three
Year Contract
DETROIT-(J')-An Agreement
between the CIO United Auto
Workers and the Bendix Corp.,
carrying a three-cents-an-hour
wage increase, old age pensions
and a union shop was announced
yesterday by the union.
Martin Gerber, UAW Bendix
Director, estimated new benefits
total 19 cents an hour for each of
Bendix's 12,000 workers.
* * *
LOCAL UNIONS at Detroit, El-
mira, N.Y., Teterboro, N.J., South
Bend, Ind., and North Hollywood,
Calif., must ratify the agreement
before it becomes effective.
The contract is for three years,
reopenable annually regarding
wages.
Thescompany agreed to contri-
bute 7 cents per hour per worker
to a hospital-medical-insurance
program, and to add /2 cent an
hour to increase vacation pay.
THE PENSION agreement pro-
vides $117.50 monthly, including
federal social security, to workers
65 with 25 years. It is similar to
that worked out with General Mo-
tors.
Besides accepting a union shop,
under which all workers must join
the UAW after a probationary
period, the company agreed to
eliminate three intermediate wage
clasifications. Workers now will
get journeyman's pay when they
complete probationary periods.

Communist
Drive Halted;
Front Secure
But Northerners
Improve Flank
BULLETIN
TOKYO, Saturday - (P) --
Fresh American troops from
Okinawa have been sent to Ko-
rea to stop the Communists'
sweeping flanking movement
along the Southern coast, it was
learned today.
The reinforcements moved se-
cretly to South Korea directly
from Okinawa, the big Ameri-
can airbase island in the Ry-
kyus.
By The Associated Press
Slashing U. S. and South Ko-
rean counterattacks yesterday ap-
peared to have stalled the big
Communist attempt to overrun
the shrunken foothold in South-
east Korea.
Field dispatches and a U. S.
Eighth Army Communique re-
ported a stablized front except
far to the south. There small but
virtually unopposed Red forces
were about 60 miles west of the
main port of Pusan.
* * *
U. S. COUNTERATTACKS hurl-
ed back the Red push in the cen-
ter of the flaming, 200-mile front.
South Koreans along the eastern
segment of the line likewise were
attacking.
The 90,000 or more Red troops
involved in the North Korean
drive still kept up the pressiuf,
particularly on the American
center.
A field dispatch said an Ameri-
can counterattack regained posi-
tions lost Friday night in furious
fighting.
THE LEFT FLANK of the 25th
Division north of the main Yong-
don-Taegu highway received heavy
Communist pressure throughout
Friday and again at dawn today.
the communique said.
Two companies were overrun
Friday, but the "line was rees-
tablished without loss of ground.'
The 24th regiment advanced 2,000
yards in their area but later "con-
solidated their positions slightly
to the rear to avoid creating a
salient in the line."
"Some enemy activities" were
reported on the front' and
right flanks of the First Caval-
ry Division in the vicinity of
Yongdong.
The communique reported that
a cavalry battalion made an at-
tack on its right, presumably Fri-
day, to relieve pressure against
the left flank of the 25th Divi-
sion and "help stabilize the situ-
ation."
S* * *
MEN OF TWO U.S. companies,
which were cut off, have return-
ed to American lines, but a third
group remains surrounded. It is
being supplied by air with ammu-
nition and food.
Concentrations of Communist
troops are reported in the
southwest where the Fourth
Communist Division is making
a wide drive along the southern
front. The situation there re-
mains fluid but no action was
reported.
One South Korean unit seized

Chobong, northwest of Ham-
chang, after an attack. Farther
east around Yechon, one South
Korean unit was driven back 1,000
yards but lost ground was re-
gained in a successful counterat-
tack by another Republican force.
Communist forces still hold
Yongdok on the East area. The
23rd South Korean regiment hold-
ing favorable terrain south of the
town has resisted all Communist
efforts to dislodge it.
AIR OBSERVERS said that a

SOOK OR TISSY WILL GET CALF:
Expert Speaks on Minnesota Speech

NEGRO SPIRITUALS:
'Wings Over Jordan'
Chorus To Sing Here

By PAULA STRAWHECKER
It's a nicker, a snicker, a neigh,
a squeal, a bray, a whine, or a
whinnow (-y, -er).
What do you think a horse does
when he wants to lend expression
to his soul? Well, it all depends on
where you come from and if you

ing "watch," because that's a test
ing word and you are in danger of
becoming a statistic if there's a
field researcher nearby.
Be careful when ordering a
baby buggy, baby carriage, per-
ambulator, or pram - that's
another variable that denotes

THE RESULTS of the question-
naires concerning calf-calling are
not to be considered too authora-
tative, however, since only two-
thirds of the people asked had ever
taken the trouble to call a calf.
In Minnesota you may eat
contta cheeseo r sou milk

"Wings Over Jordan," a famous
U.S. choral group, will present a
public concert at 8 p.m. Monday
in the Methodist Church.
The choir, a Negro organization,
directed by Rev. Glynn T. Settle
hails from Cleveland and is mak-
ing a tour of the country to fos-
ter friendly race relations.
* * *

which will sing here, and such
old favorites as "Old Man River,"
"Golden Slippers," "Ezekiel Saw
the Wheel," and "Nobody Knows
De Trouble I Seen," are sure to be
heard.
* * *
THE "WINGS OVER JORDAN"
choir started in 1937 when Rev.
IT'm '.4. ,1...

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