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July 27, 1950 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1950-07-27

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VOL. LX, No. 22-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 27, 1950

FOUR PAGES

GI's

Stall

North Korean

Drive

Near

Pusan

S,

Truman Asks
Congress For
k More Control
Baruch Terms
Policy Ineffective
r WASHINGTON -(A)- President
Truman called on Congress anew
yesterday for limited economic
controls, documenting his request
in a message transmitting his reg-
ular mid-year economic report.
Once again he said that if the
controls he seeks over credit and
materials prove insufficient, he
will not hesitate to ask for com-
plete economic mobilization. He
also renewed his request for $5,-
000,000,000 in new taxes.
BERNARD M. BARUCH, adviser
to the nation's leaders in two world
wars, made it clear, however, that
he considers the contemplated in-
itial course ineffective.
"Put a ceiling on everything,"
Baruch advised the Senate
Banking Committee; impose tax-
es "higher than a cat's back-
a high cat's back."
He said the limited control bill
being considered by the committee
is only "an invitation to inflation."
No system of priorities can work
effectively for long without price
control and rationing, he said.
* * *
MR. TRUMAN, on the other
hand, said prompt application of
the tax boost and the limited con-
trols should preclude the need for
more drastic legislation.
Senator Taft of Ohio told re-
porters after a meeting of the
Senate Republican Policy Com-
mittee which he heads that the
nation faces the prospect of a
$50,000,000,000 a year budget for
the next ten years, plus semi-
permanent economic controls.
The budget before the Korean
outbreak was $42,500,000,000.
Taft favors a pay-as-we-go sys-
tem of financing the military out-
lay and said there is no question
the Republican lawmakers will go
along with an early tax increase..,
In the House Rep. Kunkel (R-
Penna.) introduced a bill propos-
ing a general freeze of prices and
wages, and authorizing a system of
rationing.
Foreign Arms,
'Aid Bill Signed
By President
WASHINGTON-(/P)-President
Truman signed the $1,222,500,000
1Foreign Arms Assistance bill yes-
terday with a new warning that
freedom loving nations will stand
together to thwart "those bent on
aggression."
Secretary of State Acheson dis-
closed at the same time that the
use of ECA billions is being con-
sidered as a means of speeding the
military buildup of countries re-
sisting Communist pressure.
* * *
THE ARMS BILL authorizes a
second year of American assis-
tance specifically for 14 nations
in Western Europe, Asia and the
Middle East.
Voted almost unanimously by
Congress after the Korean cri-
sis arose, it also permits mili-

tary aid "in the general area
of China." The President can
add other nations without con-
sulting Congress if he decides
this is necessary to American
security.
Mr. Truman signed the measure
into law at a White House cere-
mony and issued a statement say-
ing this event marked another
step toward the common goal of
blocking aggression.
* *
THE "RAW aggression in Ko-
rea," he said, does not lessen this
country's concern with other areas
where aggression also would s -
ct the security of free nations.
Prof- WilliamR To

-Daly-Frank Selly
DRAMATISTS ON TOUR-Oxford Players look over a recent issue of The Daily in the Union. Stand-
ing, left to right, Alan Cooke, Michael Malmick, Richard Evans; seated, John Schlesinger, Norman
Painting, Esme Carter, John Carter and Jack May.
* * *s 4--_____________

Oxford Players.Deplore
Lack of Theatre Space

By WENDY OWEN
"Conditions for producing a
play at Oxofrd are an outrage,"
according to Alan Cooke, director
of "The Alchemist" which will be
produced by the Oxford University
Players at 8 p.m. today in the Ly-
dia Mendelssohn Theatre.
"Space just isn't available," he
continued. "I've put on plays in
my college dining hall and in a
Y.M.C.A. hall that was just about
as big as from here to there." The
distance roughly equalled the size
of the Burton Tower elevator shaft.
* * *
ONE PLAY we tried to produce
required only the white-washed
back of a barn, but we had to
drop it when we couldn't even lo-
cate that rustic setting, he added.
But plays are produced at an
amazing rate. Terms at Oxofrd
run for eight weeks, and Cooke
estimated that between four to
16 dramas were shown during
an average term.
A further difficulty to the Amer-
ican student contemplating 'tak-
ing' acting at Oxford is that there
is no college nor department in
the faculty devoted to the theatri-
cal arts. The many dramas are
produced, acted and staged by
juniors - undergraduate stu-
dents, Cooke revealed.
All the efforts of the past few
years to have a theatre at Ox-
ford have failed, Cooke declared.
"Buying a theatre brings out all
the old traditionalists at Oxford
to declare that it isn't for their
college and they will have none of
it."
* * *
TRADITIONALISTS at Oxford
take a dim view of dramatics,
John Carter, technical director for
the Players reporter. "They say
actors are more of the 'pansy'
type. Of course, athletics have

been accepted all along, and we
have plenty of equipment for
sports."
"Meanwhile," C o o k e com-
mented, "we actors will just im-
provise, and wish for the best
for our great-great-grandchild-
ren."
The Oxford players' tour is the
culmination of two years of con-
tinental touring for the group.
Their first show abroad was "Ri-
chard II" which they presented
in nglish in France. "Surprising-
ly enough," Cooke reported, "they
understood it and enjoyed it."
* * *
THEIR commitments start in
the Middle-West and will take
thoem as far as New York's Pro-
vincetown Theatre.
Ann Arbor theatre-goers will be
seeing their first U.S. production
of "King Lear" tomorrow night.
Tickets are sold out for the two
Ann Arbor performances, accord-
ing to Ann Drew, publicity mana-
ger for the speech department
which is sponsoring the Players
here.
K alhn-Freund To
Lecture Today
Otto Kahn-Freund of the Lon-
don School of Economics and Po-
litical Science will give "An Ap-
praisal of British National Health
Service" at 2:15 today in Rack-
ham Amphitheater.
Kahn-Freund's address will be
the sixth in the summer lecture
series on "The Quest for Social
Security''
A Reader in Law at the Univer-
sity of London, Kahn-Freund has
studied at the German Universi-
ties of Frankfurt, Heidelberg, and
Leipzig.

Audience To
Wiggle, Then
Giggle at Hill
The cheapest double feature in
town-guaranteeing no cowboys-
and-Indians - will star W. C.
Fields, Charlie McCarthy and Ed-
gar Bergen in "You Can't Cheat an
Honest Man" and Laird Cregar in
"Hangover Square," at 8 p.m. Fri-
day and Saturday at Hill Audi-
torium.
The price is 50 cents for both;
and tickets are on sale from 1 to
4:30 p.m. in the Administration
For more about Fields, see page 4
Building, from 1 to 6 p.m. at the
Hill Auditorium Boxoffice and the
Union, and at the boxoffice before
performances.
* * *
THE SHOWS are a contrast in
wriggles and giggles. Cregar, in-
trigues with a murderer who toss-
ed his wife into a pyre during the
annual English St. Guy's day fes-
tivities.
The lighthearted killer is chas-
ed all over the block, or "Square"
as it is known in England, in an
upper-middle class, gaslighted,
melodramatic hunt.
Fields and crew provide the pro-
per antidote to all this suspense in
their rollicking balloon escapades
as W. C. tries to operate an un-
usually unmanageable crew of per-
formers, in the face of sizeable
opposition from the local sheriff.
The double bill is sponsored by
the Art Cinema League and The
Daily.
w orld News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - The Senate
yesterday confirmed the nomina-
tion of John E. Peurifoy of South
Carolina to be U.S. Ambassador
to Greece. There was no oppo-
sition.
Peurifoy has been Assistant Sec-
retary of State for Administration.
He has had charge of the depart-
ment's loyalty and security pro-
gram and has been under fire from
Senator McCarthy (R-Wis.)
He will be succeeded as assistant'
secretary by Carlisle H. Humel-
sine of Maryland, who likewise won
confirmation without opposition.
* * e
WASHINGTON - (A ') - An
army spokesman said yesterday
that "as of this hour" individual
reserve units being ordered to
active duty, are not being forced
into federal service against their
will.

Get It 'Cheap'
WASHINGTON - (IP) - Max
Rosenthal, grocer, isn't sure just
what he proved yesterday, but-
He stacked sugar outside his
store and put up a sign reading
"special five pounds sugar, 98
cents."
Lines formed, he said, and he
sold about 800 pounds in four
hours.
Grocers across the street con-
tinued selling sugar at five
pounds for 59 cents and had no
rush.
"I just wanted to see the re-
action," grinned Rosenthal. "I
wanted to prove that the price
doesn't mean a thing. If they
want it they buy it"
Britain Will
Send Troops
Into Korea
L O N D OpT--(1P)-Britain an-
nounced yesterday she is sending
a combat group of her regular ar-
my, including armor,.to Korea and
is putting her Far Eastern fleet
on a war footing.
T w o British Commonwealth
countries, Australia and New Zea-
land, also announced that they
will send land forces to join United
Nations units under Gen. Douglas
MacArthur.
* * *
THESE reinforcements aug-
mented an offer of 4,500 trained
combat troops by Turkey, 4,000
soldiers by Thailand, 30 officers
by Bolivia, and a limited force
by Cuba. Nationalist China also
has offered 30,000 veterans, but
that offer was declined for stra-
tegic reasons.
How many British troops will
be sent was not disclosed on
security g r o u n d s. Qualified
sources previously had indicated
the force might consist of a bat-
talion or a brigade - from
about 1,000 to 5,000 men.
British regulars will make up
the hard core of the expedition,
Defense Minister Emanuel Shin-
well said, with already trained
conscripts making up the rest.
* * *
SHINWELL ALSO announced
that Britain is plunging into a
100,000,000 pound ($280,000,000)
emergency defense spending pro-
gram outside the regular budget.
Much of the money will go for
reserve airplanes.
Great Lakes
Calls Reserve
GREAT LAKES, Ill.-(P)-The
Ninth Naval District yesterday is-
sued first calls to service to se-
lected members of the organized
naval reserve.
The call was not for entire
units, only for selected personnel.
A navy spokesman said orders
have been sent direct from Wash-
ington to naval reserve officers
within the district who will be
required under the first call.
Reservists were directed to re-
port to the nearest navy recruit-
ing station by Aug. 7, ready to go
into service. After processing at
the recruiting stations, the re-
serivsts will be sent to receiving
stations. After examination, they
will be given a 10-day leave to put

their affairs in order.
States in the ninth naval dis-
trics include the Dakotas, Minne-
sota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Nebraska,
Wyoming, Colorado, Kansas, Mis-
souri, Illinois, Indiana and Michi-
gan.

-Daily-Frank Kelly
CHRISTMAS IN JULY-Ann Arbor's streets, like the one pic-
tured above, were not deserted for long yesterday morning and
all afternoon, and probably won't be today. They are the scene
of the town's big Bargain Days, when city merchants slash prices
and welcome shoppers. Bargain hunters converge not only on
local stores but on the entire city from many Michigan points,
including Kalamazoo and Grand Rapids. Some customers busily
scrutinized Christmas shopping lists.
Last Chance Today for
'Christmas' Shoppers
It was Christmas in July in Ann Arbor today, and the holiday
will continue until this evening.
Shoppers converged on Main and State Streets, some with Christ-
mas gift lists, others armed only with ready cash and a hope for a
bargain.
* * * *
SOME MERCHANTS couldn't resist the early shoppers and opened
their doors at 8 a.m. Few waited until the traditional 9:30 a.m.
opening time.
Only an occasional man could be spotted in the crowds, and
they were usually accompanied by a feminine shopper. In the
crowded women shops, they pre-

M'Arthur at
Front Againi
For Close-Up
Officials Report
SlightSet-Backs
By The Associated Press
TOKYO - Allied forces yes-
terday blunted a menacing North
Korean thrust 70 miles west of
the main port of Pusan and stalled
or shoved back the invader else-
where on the 200-mile front.
General MacArthur and key of-
ficers made a second visit to the
Korean front to get a close-up
of the situation, it was learned.
* * *
GENERAL MacArthur's head-
quarters said the First Cavalry
Division had made "slight with-
drawals" east of Yongdong, 95
air miles northwest of Pusan.
These were to strengthen hill po-
sitions.
Headquarters declared there had
been no important change on the
front in the last 24 hours. Field
dispatches, however, told of U.S.
and South Korean attacks both
south and northeast of Yongdong.
U. S. troops, supported by jet
fighters, were reported to have
recaptured Hadong, high point
in a south coast Communist
thrust to within 70 miles of Pu-
san.
Another aerial onslaught was
said to have aided South Koreans
in driving the North Koreans
WASHINGTON -(P)- The
Defense Department reported
nine killed in action, two wound-
ed and 37 mising in action it
the Korean fighting in casual-
ty list no. 43 made publie yes-
terday.

fered to sit down and smoke a
cigarette instead of advising or
taking advice on what best to
buy.
One merchant declared that his
business was up some 30 percent
over the same day last year.
SUMMER CLOTHES sold brisk-
ly in all categories, in anticipation
of some warmer summer weather.
Out-of-season clothes also sold
well.
Jewelry and gift stores showed
brisk sales early in the day, but
bargains weren't quite so plenti-
ful as the afternoon wore on.
Clothes sizes became more scarce
as more customers walked out-
satisfied with a bargain.
But for today, many bargains
will be marked down even more.
Sunny warm weather raised the
spirits of buyers and sellers alike.
Many previous bargain days had
dawned very wet and soddened
everyone's spirits-and sales.
Today it's reported to be the
same spirity weather, and though
the bargains have been thinned
out, second-day shoppers and re-
peaters still have a good chance
to cash in on Ann Arbor's super
sale of the year.
See No Rise in
Local Fag Cost
Although a three-cent per pack
price boost in cigarettes, attributed
to a six-cent per carton raise by
wholesalers, is announced for
Jackson, Ann Arbor smokers will
not be heavily affected.
Managers of three drug stores
contacted offered encouraging
statements. George Katona felt
that despite the wholesale raise,
an increase in retail prices would
not be justified.
H. W. Brown said that prices
would "have to go up a little," but
only from twenty to twenty-one
cents a pack, while the manager of
a chain drug store declared that
he had had no official notice con-
cerning a retail price raise.

U. S. Warships,
Carriers Sent-,
Into Service
WASHINGTON - (/P) - Three
more big aircraft carriers and 45
other U.S. warships were ordered
into service yesterday as members
Congress pressed for faster and
faster rearmament.
The Senate passed unanimous-
ly and returned to the House a
bill lifting all limits on armed ser-
vices personnel strength until
July 31, 1954. The House had pass-
ed a bill simply removing the
ceiling with no time limit speci-
fied, and now must consider the
Senate amendment.
* * *
APPROVAL of President Tru-
man's request for $10,486,976,000
more in military funds was re-
garded as a pure formality. Many
lawmakers thought the total was-
n't enought and were prepared
to vote much more if it is needed
to offset the armed might of Rus-
sia and her satellites.
Chairman Vinson (D-Ga) of
the House Armed Services Com-
mittee announced the expansion
of the active fleet following a
closed door meeting of the com-
mittee.
In addition to the three large
carriers, the Navy is going to send
to sea six light carriers, two
cruisers, 32 destroyers and five
submarines.
THAT WILL PUT a total of
nine large carriers in service, plus
14 light carriers, 15 cruisers and
172 destroyers. The Navy wasn't
giving out the total of its sub-
marines.
While Vinson's group continued
its study of the nation's defense
capability, Secretary of Defense
Johnson and the nation's military
chiefs went before a Senate ap-
propriations subcommittee to back
up the President's request for $10,-
486,976,000 more money.

back north of Hamchang, which
is 35 air miles northeast of Yong-
dong.
* * *
MacARTHUR'S headquarters
said nothing about this South
Korean attack. Its release said
the Communists were attacking in
the Hamchang area both frontally
and a flanking movement.
Headquarters said, however,
that the entire line running all
the way from Yongdong ap-
proximately 100 miles eastward
to the coast was fairly stable.
Headquarters said a Communist
force had advanced to within 15
miles west of Hamyang, which is
48 miles south of Yongdong and
about 70-84 miles west of Pusan.
* * *
ANOTHER Communist force,
which apparently seized the prime
rail and road city of Sunchon on
the south coast, was striking
southeastward down the Yosu
Peninsula.
U. S. and British carrier planes
flew in close support to battle-
front forces.
The U. S. fleet hammered at
enemy troop concentrations in
the Communists' east coast an-
chor positions around Yong-
dong, about 90 air miles north
of Pusan.
The British warships blockaded
the west coast. They bombarded
an enemy concentration- of Kun-
sarn west coast port about 65 miles
west ,of Yongdong.
Police Enforce
'Worker' Ban
DETROIT-M-P-The downtown
newsstand where 57-year-old Izzy
Berenson has been selling Com-
munist literature was hauled away
by police yesterday.
But Berenson promised a crowd
of hecklers he would "be back sell-
ing papers tomorrow."
* * *
THE VENDOR, labeled a "public
nuisance" by the Detroit City
Council which ordered his stand
off the corner of Michigan and
Griswold, indicated he would car-
ry his papers and get along with-
out the stall.
Lt. George Pell ordered Beren-
son to move the newsstand. Ber-
m am n rplapdAnn .the1 *1. a

-/Zl

* 4 *

COMPULSORY PLAN DEBUNKED:
Public Health Program
Blasted by Dr. Hawley

A compulsory program of na-
tional health insurance is a cheap,
lavish substitute for bona fide
medical care that would operate
without regard for costs or the
needs of the people, Dr. Paul R.
Hawley, director of the American
College of Surgeans, declared yes-
terday.
Speaking before an audience of
the summer lecture series on "The
Quest for Social Security," Dr.
Hawley declared adoption of a
public health insurance plan would

ance program would make avail-
able would do more harm than
good. Greater opportunity for
preventive medicine would only
result in an increase of the num-
ber of neurotics and not cause
an improvement in the national
health, he said.
Dr. Hawley, formerly chief exec-
utive officer for the Blue Cross and
Blue Shield Commissions, denied
that 80% of the population can not
afford adequate medical care, a
figre r~that. some of the proponents

DEPLORES ARMS SECRECY:
Holcombe Asks Peace Preparation

"In time of war we should pre-
pare for peace."
This thesis was presented yes-

"The plans of all kinds of peo-
ple are incorporated into this
report; they should be consid-
mast a n c wnnrf. niv.n tofthe

must be the basis for determining
decisions to the very people who
should make decisions in a de-
flo r PU.

I

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