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V6L. LIX, No. 17S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 14, 1949
PRICE FIVE CENTS
VATICAN CITY - (') - The
Pope has ordered major excom-
munication-denying the sacra-
ments and comforts of the church
against militant Communists
anywhere in the world who also
The excommunication was an-
nounced yesterday in an historic
decree of the Sacred Congregation
of the Holy Office, approved by
Pope Pius XII.
IT APPLIES to all members of
the Roman Catholic faith "who
make profession of the materialis-
tic and anti-Christian doctrine of
The decree marks the fourth
time the Pope has used excom-
munication to fight back at the
Communists in recent years.
Previous decrees had been dir-
ected at those who tried Arch-
bishop Alojzijc Stepinac in Yugo-
slavia in 1946, and sentenced him
to 16 years imprisonment on char-
ges of collaborating with the Axis;
at those responsible for the im-
prisonment of Hungary's Josef
Cardinal Mindszenty for life on
treaso ncharges, and at the foun-
ders and willing members of a
Catholic Action Society in Czecho-
THE NEW ORDER applies the
church's major weapon if disci-
pline to Catholics everywhere who
might be wavering under Com-
munist pressure. There are some
330,000,000 Catholics in the world,
according to a recent unofficial
Informed Vatican sources in-
terpreted the decree's wording to
be in effect a last warning to
Catholics who still may defend
or follow Communism.
They saw in its wording a "per-
iod of grace" for such Catholics
to remove the stigma of Commun-
ism from their consciences and
return wholeheartedly to the
THERE WAS NO such explicit
reservation, however, in the un-
officially translate dtext of the
Holy Office decree.
The decree announced the de-
cision that "Christian faithful
who make profession of the
materialistic and anti-Christian
doctrine of the Communist, and,
in the first place, those who de-
fend it (Communist doctrine) or
propagate it, incur, ipso facto
excommunication reserved es-
pecially to the Apostolic See."
This is major excommunication.
It denies the sacraments and com-
forts of the church to offenders
and ostracizes them from the
* * *1
COUNTRIES WHERE there are
many Catholics and also many
Communists include Poland,
Czechoslovakia and Hungary in
eastern Europe and France and
Italy in the west.
Italy's population, almost 100
per cent Catholic, includes 2,-
The sacred congregation of the
Holy Office is composed of Card-
inals-Princes of the Church-
who are charged with defending
the faith against false doctrines.
Young Progressives Picket Speech by Williams
Huge Ice Cream Cone
To Stroll About Campus
By NANCY BYLAN
Have you ever seen a walking
ice cream cone?
Such a phenomenon is planned
for students and Ann Arbor resi-
dents by Congregational-Disciples
Guild, which has erected a mam-
moth replica of the popular
summer -refreshment as a pub-
* * *
TEN FEET HIGH, the cone will
be borne around campus and the
town by an occupant of its hollow
According to Wym Price, co-
chairman of the event,the cone
will be used on Friday and,
Truman yesterday made an ur-
gent appeal to three large steel
companies to avoid a steel strike
by accepting his plan for a fact-
finding board outside the Taft-
After a day of scrambling de-
velopments in Pittsburgh and
Washington, the threat of a steel
shutdown at midnight Friday over
wages, pensions, and group insur-
ance stillnhung precariously over
MR. TRUMAN and Philip Mur-
ray, president of the CIO United
Steelworkers, were both putting
pressure on U.S. Steel, Republic,
and Bethlehem, trying to win their
agreement to appear before a non-
Taft-Hartley board which the
White House is appointing.
In Pittsburgh, the union accept-
ed the President's proposal for a
60 - day postponement of the
strike - but Murray announced
that the truce would apply only
to those firms which agree to ap-
pear before the board. He said
that tomorrow he will order a
strike against firms which don't.
Saturday nights to lure people
out of movies and the play and
lead them, Pied Piper-like, toj
the corner of State and William
Streets, where the Carnival will
The cone was built in the back
yard of the Congregational-Dis-
ciples Guild house. Passers-by who
viewed it in its early stages be-
lieved they were witnessing the
construction of a wind tunnel or
a weird flying contraption. As the
co-chairman of cone building, Phil
Culbertson, is anaeronautical en-
gineer working at the Willow Run
wind tunnel, their belief seemed
* * *
CULBERTSON, however, denied
any connection between the cone
and aeronautics and rejected the
contention that he is challenging
the' reputation of Darius Green.
Material used in the construc-
tion of the cone consists of sticks
of wood, binder twine, and
wrapping paper, all put together
in a basket weave used exclu-
sively for ice cream cones, Price
stated. The ice cream itself-
raspberry flavor-is made out of
crepe paper. ,
At present, guild members are
working on a drip which they
hope will add mouth-watering
realism to their creation.
FIFTY MAN HOURS went into
the building of the cone. According
to Culbertson, no union covers this
type of construction; consequently
only non-union labor was used.
The cone builders secured per-
mission from Mayor William E.
Brown, Jr., to put their enterprise
on the streets. The Mayor could
find no ordinances prohibiting
walkingice cream cones, Culbert-
Success of the cone will depend
largely on a windless weekend and
the absence of "small boys with
mischievous intents," Price de-
The Carnival, a project to raise
money for the sponsorship of a
displaced student, will be held
from 7 p.m. to midnight Friday
By CRAIG WILSON
Student Young Progressives
picketed Gov. Williams last night.
More than a dozen carried pla-
cards demanding action from the
Governor on almost every politi-
cal issue of 1949.
* * *
TWO-HUNDRED persons wait-
ed outside the auditorium, some
shouting the slogans to the Gover-
nor as he left the building. He did
not answer them.
In an interview later, he called
the pickets' posters "unfair" but
defended their right to picket
as a "legal method of expressing
The Governor declared that he
was supporting continuing "52-20"
payments to unemployed veter-
ans, a state FEPC law and other
proposals they raised.
HE EXPLAINED that most of
his program was blocked by hte
Legislature and that he could not
be blamed for their failing to act.
Among the signs were:
"Restore the cut in appro-
priations for state universities
"Where is the FEPC yoo
"We can't eat Red herrinps."
"We need jobs and Peace."
They chanted their slogans over
and over as they filed around in a
large loop in front of the Rarkham
One said: "Governor Williams
has the power to call a special
session of the Legislature to re-
store the appropriation cut. Write
and wire your Congressman and
make sure the Governor does this."
WASHINGTON - (M - One of
President TTuman's economic ad-
visers hinted yesterday that a
House Committee investigating
monopolistic practices would do
well to look into such develop-
ments as John L. Lewis' order for
a three-day work week in the
John D. Clark, a members of the
President's Council of Economic
Advisers, said that if coal mine
operators got together and de-:
cided on a three-day mining week
they would violate the anti-trust
laws. But because unions are ex-
empt from those laws, he said,
Lewis and his United Mine Work-
ers were able to put such a week
"I NEED NOT describe the op-
portunity for future production
control, with management being
complacent but carefully avoiding
any open collaboration, if this pio-
neer experiment becomes a pra-
tice in the great industries which
deal with single unions," he said.
Testifying before a House Ju-
diciary subcommittee, Clark said
that failure to check the growth
of monopoly poses the alterna-
tive of direct government control
over big business. Free and fair
oamnptitinn must he nreserved
Funds Said To Be
By PAUL BRENTLINGER
Gov. G. Mennen Williams last
night sharply criticized the state
legislature for its failure to pro-
vide "sufficient" funds for the
"It is regrettable that the leg-
islature did not see fit to appro-
priate more sufficiently for the
University and other state col-
leges," he said in his Rackham
* * *
THE GOVERNOR described the
University as a "living organism-
it cannot be starved one year and
fed the rest without disastrous re-
Gov. Williams' talk climaxed
the Placement and Guidance
Conference which was spon-
sored by the Bureau of Appoint-
ments on the campus yesterday.
The governor said that the leg-
islature has chosen to avoid the
issue of how to meet the state's
budget deficit for the time being.
* * *
"HOWEVER," he added. "the
question will have to be faced. We
shall have to have additional
"In the meantime, the damage
to our colleges will have been
done," he asserted. "Double or
triple expenditures will be need-
ed to repair this damage."
Gov. Williams warned that be-
cause of recent appropriations "a
generation of Michigan youth will
have less than the best in higher
ALL IS NOT DARK, however,
according to the governor.
"I believe in the people of Mich-
igan," he said. "They will ask the
legislature to correct the situation
before it is too late. In spite of
the present distress, there are no
grounds for losing hope."
"I believe that the people of
Michigan subscribe as earnestly
today as their forefathers did
162 years ago, to the words of
the Northwest Charter."
The governor based his talk on
the famous clause of the North-
west charter which adopted the
words of George Washington's
farewell address, saying that:
* * *
"RELIGION, MORALITY and
knowledge being necessary to good
government and the happiness of
mankind, schools and the means
of education shall forever be en-
Yesterday marked the 162nd
anniversary of the passage of
the Northwest Ordinance.
GOVERNOR G. MENNEN WILLIAMS
SPECIAL TO DAILY:
At Loyalty Oaths
By B. S. BROWN
"I don't think loyalty oaths are worth two cents," Gov. G. Mennen
Williams told The Daily last night.
The Governor explained that a truly disloyal individual planning
harmful action would certainly sign the oath in order to continue
* * * *
THE OATHS WOULD only enrage those who are loyal, he added.
Gov. Williams said that he would not go along with any
legislation prohibiting Communists from holding governmental
or educational posts which would turn into a "tobaggon slide."
"This matter must be given careful consideration," Michigan's
Chief Executive added.
"I AM OPPOSED to Commun-
ists in state or city or national
government," Williams said,
"They, by party manifestations
are opposed to our farm of gov-
ernment," he added. To Iitinfor
Gov. Williams claimed that a
Truman lashed out at economy ad-
vocates last night, linking them
with "selfish interests" who he
said will drive the country "into a
ditch," if they get their way.
But he said that even though
many people "would like to have
a depression for political reasons,"
the nation is not now in a de-
pression nor does it face the pros-
pect of one if the "selfish inter-
ests" are thwarted.
* * *
"THE TOOLS are at hand for
continued economic expansion,"
Mr. Truman added. "All we need
is the courage to use them."
He made plain he felt the
tools were provided in the eco-
nomic kit he handed to Con-
gress in a special message on
Monday. They provide for ex-
panded social welfare programs,
government aid to spur lagging
businesses and steps to ease the
In a special "fireside chat" with
the American people-via the ra-
dio and television-the President
yesterday defended his controver-
sial plan for a temporary period of
deficit financing (operating in the
red) to stem the recession.
1. THE $42,000,000,000 outlay he
has budgeted for the current fis-
cal year is not a "waste of money"
as he said the cut-Federal-spend-
ing advocates charge. Rather, he
said, it is an "investment in the
future of America" which will pay
"untold dividends in human hap-
2. If those expenditures are
slashed "we will decrease em-
ployment, cut down investment,
weaken our defenses and injure
our efforts for peace."
The President then went on to
give an itemized accounting of the
government's spending plans. He
said $32,000,000,000 dollars of the
total budget are allotted for pay-
ing the costs of pastw ars or for
"insurance" against a new one in
the form of 'defense outlays and
the European Recovery Program.
* * *
"IF ANYONE thinks it extrava-
gant to maintain the peace," Mr.
Truman said, then they should re-
member the fact that it cost
"100 bi.l iondollars to conduct the
Then in a cautiously worded
hope for an early peace, Mr.
"I do not believe that our de-
fense and international expendi-
tures will have to remain at
their present high level indefi-
nitely. I hope that they may be
reduced as our program for
peace takes effect.
"But, as of today, I regard these
expenditures as the most valuable
insurance we can take out against
the enormous expense and the ter-
rible loss of another war."
Turning to the domestic phases
of the Administrative program,
Mr. Truman said the remaining
$10,000,000,000 of the budget total
provides for all other functions of
the government such as poblic
works, farm price supports, edu-
cation, and housing projects.
"For a country of this size, with
a $200,000,000,000 economy," he
said, "$10,000,000,000 for such es-
sential programs is a reasonable
Incomplete work in the literary
and engineering colleges will have
to be made up within the next few
days if students wish to get any
credit for such work.
Tomorrow, July 15, is the final
day for removal of incompletes in
the engineering college. Petitions
for extension of time must be on
file in the college secretary's office
* * *
THIn ITTFARV PA11mcT ,nd.
four percent corporate income
tax would solve part of the
state's fiscal difficulties which
prompted the legislative branch
to slash the University's appro-
He backed up his claim to the
justice of such a tax by citing sim-
ilar taxes instituted by other
states. "Business pays eight per-
cent of the taxes that come in in
Michigan, while that figure is 36
percent in Pennsylvania. and 31
percent in New York and New Jer-
sey," the Governor said.
"PERHAPS IF conditions were
ameliorated, selective reduction in
the state sales tax would be pos-
sible, say on food," Williams said.
This was in answer to a question
which asked if he would favor such
reduction, assuming that a cor-
porate tax were legislated.
Williams emphasized that an
extension of the Servicemen's
Readjustment Act, the rapidly
expiring "52-20," was necessary,
especially in light of the increas-
ingly important unemployment
He told of his actions in behalf
of the act which included the cir-
culation of a petition among the
nation's governors calling for ex-
tension of the benefits.
* * *
signed the petition, Williams said,
and it was sent to the U.S. Senate.
to Gov. Williams,
material progress has
myriads of complex
solve in the present
* * *
NEW YORK -(P)-Mayor Wil-
liam O'Dwyer announced yester-
day he will run for a second term!
after all. For two months he has
been saying he wouldn't.
The announcement, which wasl
no surprise after several days of
unprecedented backing and filling
in one of New York's worst polit-
ical tangles, came less than 24
hours after O'Dwyer had conferred
with President Truman in Wash-
* * *
NEITHER THE President norI
the Mayor commented on that
meeting but a White House aide
said it had to do with "the general
political situation in New York."
O'Dwyer's decision to seek re-1
election thus was widely inter-
preted as a part of Democratic
strategy top resent the strong-
est possible ticket this fall, withj
a U.S. Senate seat as well as
control of city hall at stake.
Former Gov. Herbert H. Leh-
man, who has been asked by the
party leadership to make the race
for the U.S. Senate, has been re-<
ported willing to run if O'Dwyer
heads the ticket in the city. The
Mayor himself strongly backs Leh-'
man for the Senate post.
THE DEMOCRATS are partic-
ularly eager to win the November
election since the Republicans now;
hold both New York Senate seats'
for the first time in 22 years.
Dulles serves until Dec. 1. The
person elected in November then
will fill out the balance of Wag-1
ner's term until Jan. 3, 1951. 1
TO SAVE A LIFE:
U' Blood Bank Provides
Transfusions for Needy
de e /211
ACL To Give
'36 Movie Hit
"A Star Is Born" will be the
Art Cinema League's next pres-
entation this summer.
The film will be shown at the
Architecture Auditorium at 7:30
and 9:30 tomorrow and Saturday.,
Tickets will be on sale in the lobby
of the League from 2 to 6 p.m.
starting today, and also in the
Architecture lobby before each
.a 4 1 A W 7'1 n .I 11 1.. 3
By HERB KRAVITZ
There's a bank down at the
But unlike most banks, this or-
ganization deals with a substance
far more valuable and precious
THE BLOOD BANK is a system
through which a person in need
of a transfusion can obtain whole
blood by borrowing the required
amount from a "storage vault" at
Dr. Otto T. Mallery, who is
in charge of the Hospital's Blood
Bank, explained that blood tak-
en from the Bank must be re-
placed in one of three ways:
First the natient may have his
In this case the patient is charg-
ed at the same rate as the Hos-
pital must pay the donor.
Dr. Mallery said that profes-
sional donors must be used to pick
up the places of slack when de-
posits are low and also to replace
rare blood types.
FOR THIS PURPOSE, the Hos-
pital relies on the contributions of
from 300 to 500 student-s a month.
However, the greater portion of
blood is supplied by volunteer do-
nations from friends and rela-
tives of patients.
Students, and others who wish
to become donors are given a phy-
sical examination and a sample
of their blood is taken.
"MAN STANDS TO lose his very
soul in the confusion of this un-
balanced world," he said.
Because of this, "We would do
well to consider the words of
the Northwest Ordinance at a
time like this," he declared.
Emphasizing the role of youth,
the governor said that the "man
of tomorrow must bring some
sadly needed balance to this topsy-
Education is very important in,
the development of this man of
toworrow, but the leaders of the
future "must not only be sharp-
ened with knowledge, but tem-
pered with religion and morality,"
Gov. Williams said.
There is a general unemploy-
ment problem in Michigan, the
Governor said. He pointed out
that it was especially severe in
the Upper Peninsula, where ap-
proximately 18.5 percent of the
people were out of work.
Geology Class Makes Field Trip to Detroit'
I _ . ,i,