TIDE MICHIGAN fiXtTV
WEhNL"S AT, ;
" ,,. __ .._ i is it .4.,a a aa a t rAdaA. ' . ' L 1, _. a s
a" ara ,sara: . a
TRAITOR OR PAWN:
Tokyo Rose Awaits Fate
At San Francisco Trial
SAN FRANCISCO-(IP)-For nine months a slim, slant-eyed girl
called Tokyo Rose has waited in jail here to find out whether the
country of her birth will brand her traitor, or set her free as the
helpless pawn of circumstances.
Iva Ikuko Toguri d'Aquino (her real name) is charged with trea-
son, punishable by death. The lightest sentence she could get if con-
Victed is five years in prison and a $10,000 fine.
HER TRIAL STARTED yesterday before Federal Judge Michael
J. Roche. It is expected to last six to eight weeks.
The Fourth of July was her 33rd birthday. Jail attendants
say she is nervous and apprehensive. Her skin seems to stretch
tightly over the bones of her face and rather sharp features.
To many thousands-of service men in the Pacific her voice was a
familiar one, coming over the air on the "Zero Hour" program from
* * * *
"HELLO, BONEHEADS, this is Orphan Anne, your favorite en-
Much of it was entertainment stuff, with a lot of music. Uncle
Sam's weary, bored fighters listened. Even Adm. Chester Nimitz got
a grim smile when he learned she had beamed at sweating Sea-Bees
hewing an airfield out of South Pacific island jungle:
"Look out boys, your strip is showing! "
But it's no joke now. The government-in the persons of
special Washington prosecutors Tom De Wolfe, late of Seattle, and
John B. Hogan, ex-Philadelphian, aided by FBI investigators-
aims to prove that Mrs. D'Aquino betrayed the Stars and Stripes
that few protectingly above the little Los Angeles home where she
The prosecution has assembled 71 witnesses, a score of whom were
flown from Japan. It says it will prove that she was an effective
participant in propaganda radio programs designed, says the indict-
ment, "to undermine American and Allied military morale, create
nostalgia in the minds of the armed forces, create war weariness ...
impair the capacity of the United States to wage war against its
* * * *
SHE DID THIS "intentionally and traitorously," while owing
allegiance to the United States, the charge continues. Eight overt'acts,
between March, 1944, and July, 1945, are charged. Each states that
she discussed radio programs, broadcast over the air, or prepared
script. Under the Constitution, each overt act must be testified to
by two corroborating witnesses.
The defense, headed by Wayne Collins, will produce some 15
to 20 witnesses, plus the written records of sworn testimony taken
from some 30 persons in Japan, seeking to refute the treason
(1.) Mrs. D'Aquino isn't an American citizen, because she is the
wife of Felipe J. D'Aquinoo, a Portuguese National of three-quarters
Japanese ancestry, and (2) to try now would be double jeopardy, since
she was held in jail more than a year in Japan aid then released by
the U.S. Army.
* * * *
THE PROSECUTION COUNTERED, largely through preliminary
motions, tha t(1) under the Cable Act women no longer lose their
U.S. citizenship through marriage unless they expatriate themselves in
certain, specified, formal ways. (2) As for double jeopardy, she has
not been tried before.
D'Aquino was quoted as saying that Maj. Charles Cousens of the
Australian Army and Capt. Wallace Ince of the U.S. Army wrote
many of the scripts she broadcast.
&i41h e44 dantd Ontatnftal lPehtaft4AIr
The Early-way method can solve your writing problems.
Service Dept. for All Kinds of Writing --
Greeting Cards, Name Cards, Bookplates
8 A.M. - 8 P.M. (Monday thru Friday)
8 A.M. - 12 Noon (Saturday)
('ehAmah 1/ tud
4021 Observatory Phone 2-8606
Circulation Manager Besieged by Daily Subscribers
Dunham Appointed Head
Of Social Work Institute
Want to buy a Daily,,lodge a
complaint or become a newsboy?
The person to see is Ethel AnnI
Morrison, the summer circulation
manager of The Daily.
PROBABLY one of the most-
complained-to people on campus
during the first week of school,
her life has settled down to a dull
roar now that the paper routes are
Her job includes sales and dis-
tribution, hiring and firing
newsboys, making out paper
routes, pacifying customers, fol-
lowing up changes--of-address,
mailing subscriptions, sending
copies to other schools and, as
she puts it, "miscellany."
Miss Morrison, a speech correc-
tion major from Kenosha, Wis.,
will graduate next February. Per-
sonalized service is part of her
managerial code of ethics.
* * *
"OF COURSE," she said, "if a
subscriber lives on the 18th floor
of a building, and the newsboy
has a couple of hundred other pa-
pers to deliver, 'personalized serv-
ice' may have to be discarded."
Some of her complaints are
"One complainant called and
irately informed us that we were
taking subscribers' money and
never intended to send the paper.
She wanted names of staff mem-
bers so she could prosecute," Miss
"ANOTHER SUBSCRIBER com-
plained that we delivered his pa-
per 100 feet from his door, and
that since we advertised 'to your
door' delivery, he, too, intended to
sue us, this time for false adver-
tising," Miss Morrison continued.
Subscribers also call in re-
peatedly that they aren't getting
their papers. Actually the pa-
pers are delivered and someone
lifts them from the doorstep be-
fore the rightful owners get to
them. Others get The Daily
without even having subscribed
"We appreciate complaints be-
cause they are our only way of
checking," Miss Morrison said.
"Criticism and suggestions are our
best means of improving the sys-
"HOWEVER," she added, "we
ask our subscribers not to expect
miracles, since we're very short-
staffed during summed school. We
do our best, but we go to school
In fact, she is the summer cir-
culation staff all by herself,
which involves hours of work.
It is considered unusual for a
woman to be appointed to the
job of circulation manager.
The newsboys Miss Morrison em-
ploys are mostly University stu-
dents but a few are local junior
high boys. They receive a $1 bonus
for each week without a complaint
as an added incentive.
* ~* *
A SCALE is set up whereby they
get less bonus for each complaint,
and over four in a week deducts
from their regular weekly pay-#
Getting subscription salesmen
is one part of Miss Morrison's
job which isn't often difficult.
Many find that selling subscrip-
tions is a good way of getting
'phone numbers early in the
And there are other elements of
humor in her job.
A happy feminine subscriber
commented that one of the editors
was very handsome, and she'd just
as soon have him delivered every
morning with her paper!
Provost James P. Adams yester-
day announced the appointment
of Prof. Arthur Dunham as acting
director of the University's Insti-
tute of Social Work.
Dunham, now professor of com-
munity organization, will assume
his new duties on Aug. 28, at
which time director Robert W.
Kelso will begin a retirement fur-
To Give Grad
The graduate school has an-
nounced a graduate record exam-
ination to be held at 6:45 p.m.
tomorrow in Rackham lecture hall.
The examination is compulsory
for all graduate students, with
the exception of those who have
taken it previously, either at the
University of Michigan or at some
Authorities warn that this ex-
amination must now be taken dur-
ing the student's first term on
campus. Those who fail to comply
will not be allowed to reregister.
Veterans who wish to take the
examination may submit a requisi-
tion slip to the graduate admin-
istrative office. All others should
pay their fee of two dollars to the
cashier's office, where they will
be given tickets of admission to
the examination. This fee must be
paid to advance.
Faculty To Give
A faculty concert of woodwind
music is scheduled for 8 p.m. to-
day in the Rackham Lecture Hall.
Selections to be played at the
recital include Mozart's "Cassa-
zione," Decruez's "Trio-Capriccio,"
and Beethoven's "Quintet, Op. 16."
Faculty members performing at
the concert are Lars Wardrob,
oboe; Theodore Evans. French
horn; Albert Luconi, clarinet; and
Lewis Cooper, bassoon. They will
be joined by pianist Mischa Meller,
also a faculty member of the quin-
Coller Gets PhD
Dr. Frederick A. Coller, recently
elected president of the American
College of Surgeons and chairman
of the surgery department at the
University Medical School, has
been given an honorary Doctor of
Philosophy degree at the South
Dakota State College.
BOTH DUNHAM and Kelso are
veterans of 14 years service with
the University. each having come
here in 1935 when the Institute of
Social Work was created with
headquarters in Detroit.
Dunham brought with him a
long record of social work. He
worked with social agencies in
Missouri, Pennsylvania, Massa-
chusetts and New York. He has
lectured at such universities as
Columbia, Chicago, Pittsburgh,
Rutgers and Washingtoan (at
Like Dunham, Kelso came to the
University after long experience in
social work. He was president of
the National Conference of Social
Work in 1922.
Also a lecturer at many univer-
sities, Kelso has been associated
with such institutions as the Har-
vard School of Social Studies,
Smith College School of Social
Work, Washington University at
St. Louis and the University of
To Be Offered
Habla Usted Espanol? Sprechert
If so, you are invited to spend
the evening at the German or
the Spanish Houses.
Casa Espanola and Deutches
Haus are holding open houses for
the language faculty members an
for those students who can con-
verse in the foreign language spok-
en at the residence.
The Spanish House, according
to Mrs. Germaine Baer Lyon,
house directress will especiall
welcome its Latin American
friends at its reception from 8
p.m. to 11 p.m. today. The Ger-
man House will do the same for
German speaking students from
7:30 to 10 p.m. today.
Both houses cater to summer
roomers and boarders who wish
to learn to speak the foreign
" Official Michigan Rings
0 Michigan mugs and
0 Medals, Cups and Trophies
" Fraternity Jewelry
Hours 12:30 to 5:30, Mon.-Fri.
L. G. Balfour Co.
1319 S. niversity Ph. 9533
CALM IN THE CONFUSION
NA TURAL RESOURCES:
Sears Stresses Local Conservation
Problems of conserving natural
resources must be solved by work-
ing out programs tailored to fit
each community or area, accord-
ing to Prof. Paul B. Sears of Ober-
Sears spoke last night in the
third lecture of the University's
summer series on "Natural Re-
course in World Affairs." He is
a professor of botany at Oberlin.
* * *
"ALL OF OUR natural resources,
forests; soil, water, wild life, fish
and human beings are tied to-
gether and can't be dealt with sep-
arately," he said.
It does not good to pass laws
or issue orders unless the i-di-
viduals in each community be,
come aware of what a waste of
resources means to their own
area, he declared.
The Oberlin professor added
that "there are certain principles
governing the situation which are
just as binding as the principles
governing the proper design of an
* * *
THESE PRINCIPLES include
the laws of conservation of energy,
conservation of materials and the,
laws of organic growth, which, ac-
cording to Sears, must be under-
stood before the problems of pre-
serving natural resources can be
dealt with properly.
The lecture series will con-
tinue tomorrow when Charles E.
Kellogg, chief of the Soil Survey
Division, Bureau of Plant In-
dustry, U.S. Department of Ag-
riculture, speaks at 4:15 p.m. in
"Food, Forests and People" will
be Kellogg's topic.
A native of Michigan, Kellogg
is the author of "The Soils That
Money Hits New High j
CHIRIQUI GRANDE, Panama-
Indian girls of northern Panama
wear United States coins as neck-
laces and use cocoanuts as money,
according to Indian boys.
Marks are not a necessary in-
centive for learning, according to
Prof. William E. Blatz of the Uni-
versity of Toronto.
A professor of child psychology,
and the director of Toronto's In-
stitute of Child Study, Blatz spoke
last night in the education school's
summer lecture series.
* * *
AS HE SEES IT, "Too frequent-
ly the desire for high marks robs
the. child of the joy he should find
in learning the content of the sub-
ject. Competition is not a whole-
some incentive in school work."
He suggested that "if we
could maintain the interest the
child has in doing rather than
in having done, we would avoid
a lot of the problem cases in our
Blatz charged that adults have
forgotten the child's zest for ac-
tivity and the satisfaction he gets
out of the expenditure of effort.
"As adults we emphasize the end
result and minimize the effort the
child has expended so that the
thrill of achievement is lost to him
in the expectation of the praise for
the finished task," he added.
Some of Them Hit, Too
ST. LOUIS.-A baseball team
has eighteen legs and catches flies,
according to local fans.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Busser, Barat, Morel, Tournemire,
Clerisse and Ibert.
Woodwind Recital: The Wood-
wind Faculty - Lare Wardrop,
oboe; Theodore Evans, French
horn; Albert Luconi, clarinet; and
Lewis Cooper, bassoon; assisted
by Mischa Meller, pianist, will give
a recital in the Rackham Lecture
Hall, Wednesday, July 6, at 8:00
p.m. The program includes com-
positions by Mozart, DeCrucz, and
Discussion group at the Guild
House, 438 Maynard at 7:00 p.m.,
"Ideas from Books and People."
University Community Center,
1045 Midway Place, Willow Run
Wed., July 6, 8 p.m., Wives of Stu-
dent Veterans Club: Board Meet-
ing. 8 p.m., Interdenominational
Education Meeting: Pi Lambda
Theta, UNESCO Club, and Phi
Delta Kappa cordially invite the
School of Education faculty and
students to hear Dr. W. C. Trow
speak on UNESCO, Wednesday,
July 6, 7:30 p.m., in the West Con-
ference Room, Rackham Building.
A discussion will follow. Refresh-
ments will be served.
"Life with Father," the hilarious
comedy by Howard Lindsay and
Russel Crouse, will open tonight
at 8 p.m. This play, which holds
the record of the world's longest
run, will be staged at the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theater only four
nights. Tickets are on sale now
at the Mendelssohn box office.
Open House at German Lan-
guage Residence-Deutsches Haus
-1101 Church Street, Wednesday,
July 6, 7:30 to 10:00 p.m. All
German-speaking faculty and stu-
dents are cordially invited. Re-
evening, July 6, at 7:30 p.m., in
Room 1139 Natural Science Build-
ing. Professor F. K. Sparrow will
present a seminar report on Bio-
logical Observations on Water
Fungi. Professor Sparrow has
studied these fungi for many
years. Everyone interested is in-i
La Sociedad Hispanica cordially
invites students and faculty to an'
informal talk by Mr. Emiliano
Gallo-Ruiz on "El arte de Picas-
son," East Conference Room of
the Rackham Building, Wednes-
day, July 6, at 8 p.m.6
The Cerele Francais will hold its-
next meeting Thursday, July 7, at
8 p.m. in the Michigan League
(consult notice board for room).
Professor Paul M. Spurlin will
talk about "Quelques balourdises
Miss Joyce Lawrence will enter-
tain with piano selections.
Square Dancing Class, sponsored
by the Graduate Outing Club,
Thursday, July 7, at 8:00 p.m. in
the Women's Athletic Building.
There will be a small admission
fee. Everyone is invited.
KEEP COOL ard comfort-
able with one of our Hair
styles-cut and feathered
to your individual desires
. . . children are invited
The DASCOLA BARBERS
Liberty off State
for te classroom, for the office,
for wear everywhere!
Today & Thursday
Matinee 25c Nights 35c
at 3:10 - 6:20 - 9:35
" osnnm Durbin Edmond 'Brien
IJOR TH E L*VE
47 of MARYk
Xie WdtA lath e fi
BY LINDSAY AND CROUSE
The famous hilarious comedy
of the minor crises of the Day family
f ; f,' " L in e n s
* Spun Rayon
9 to 15, 10 to 44
141/2 to 241
' BUDGET DRESSES
F JL ¢
i I. nnn u-us rr i