FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1949
THItl MTfIA NDP'It 11
1. . W.
L AST SUMMER President Truman cam-
paigned in my home state of Iowa with
the cry that the Republican party wanted
low farm prices.
The mean Republican Congressmen had
lowered the price support for wheat in an
effort to bring down the abnormally high
cost of grains. Several weeks later the Pres-
ident reversed his line; this time the mean
Republicans were for high food prices, ac-
cording to Mr. Truman in a speech directed
to labor union members.
A reader of The Daily made assertions
of a similar nature in a recently published
letter to the Editor. This time the Re-
publican majority in the Michigan state
legislature was accused of being singly
responsible for the deleterious cut in the
University's appropriation request. But
what was not mentioned in the letter was
that the original proposed cut was in-
troduced by Governor Williams in his bud-
get request early this year.
Let us look momentarily at the national
record of the Democratic Party wheelhorses
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: JOHN NEUFELD
in the White House and on Capitol Hill and
see how they have followed through on their
emotional appeals to the people for Federal
aid to education. It would seem that this
would be a comparatively easy program to
adopt, since leaders of both parties have
voiced their support for the idea. However,
although this would be one of the easier
bills to pass, it has been relegated a back-
seat position while precious time has been
spent on debate of legislation that is of less
feasibility and some of which is of dubious
There seems to be an utter lack of a
planned program of action; the most con-
troversial bills have been introduced on
the floor by majority leaders in an effort
to coerce Congress to adopt administration
proposals. As a result there is a log jam of
legislation that has piled up because of
the stubborn refusal of Democratic party
leaders to be practical in their program
of national action (which can more ap-
propriately be termed national inaction.)
In any case, as in the letter I would like
also to conclude with a suggestion: What the
Democrats really need is an integrated co-
herent program of sound national action in-
stead of glib assertions and promises. They
are the party with both Congressional ma-
jorities and executive control; the burden of
proof rests with them.
-David W. Belin.
+ CINEMA +
TORMENT, with Stig Jarrel, Mai Zetter-
ling, Alf Kjellin. Directed by Alf Sjoberg.
AKE A GOOD STORY, fine acting, fine
directing, fine photography, and what
have you? A fine picture.
Torment shows that academic qualifica-
tions are not enough to make a good high
school teacher, even if he is politically non-
Stig Jarrel, as a Latin teacher appro-
priately nicknamed Caligula, does his best
to make life miserable for the hero and
the heroine, and he succeeds remarkably
well. He has all the kindness and the
gentle humor of a Heinrich Himmler, and
he is mighty sore that he is unloved by
his students. Jarrel plays the part of the
lonely, frustrated sadist to perfection, and
the rest of the cast are quite convincing
in their roles.
Mai Zetterling, who plays the frightened
cigarstore girl, is especially outstanding as
the shady, possessive less-than-demimon-
daine women made famous by Marlene Diet-
rh.* * * *
"Torment" is full of suspense and emotion,
but what makes it creditable is its straight-
forward, unromantic, yet, sensitive presen-
tation. Caligula, with the good headmaster
who is a veritable Mr. Chips, and the over-
sensitive adolescent hero (Alf Kjellin) are
certainly not typical but they are entirely
possible. There are such people. There is no
caricature involved in any of them, and that
gives the movie its power.
The arch-villain is not an escaped in-
mate of an asylum but the kind of psycho-
neurotic who can function in society for
years until he is found out. The movie, in
establishing his character, certainly does
not offer any sympathy, but neither does
it show its moral condemnation.-
Somehow European movies succeed in por-
traying high school students as real people,
not as moonstruck kids or juvenile delin-
quents. - Perhaps the average young Ameri-
can is free of real problems.
The teachers also have problems. I was
thinking of "Der Blaue Engel," the classic
German study of a teacher's disintegration
under the influence of a woman. That pic-
ture was a strong indictment of the Prussian
system of education.
I don't think "Torment" quite falls in
the same category, but it does show the
terrific strain put on the Abiturient, or
graduating high school senior, who in
some European countries must undergo
an ordeal of examinations before he can
get his diploma.
Certainly most students don't quite col-
lapse at that time, but it is easy to see how
a combination of native sensitivity, callous
or hostile teachers and outside emotional
problems can lead to just such a collapse.
The subtitles make the action very easy
Irons in the Fire
THE DEATH OF PREMIER Sophoulis,
the Methuselah of Greek politics, is a
good stopping point for a re-evaluation of
our policy in Greece in this, the third year
of the Truman Doctrine. What have we to
show for our expenditures of words and
Plainly, very little. Our sole success is
an essentially negative one, viz. Greece
has not gone Communist. The rub is that
Greece has not gone anything. There is
nothing to indicate that we shall be able,
at anytime in the foreseeable future, to
extricate ourselves from the scene, leaving
behind a healthy and democratic Greek
The Communist guerrillas are back in
possession of Mt. Grammos after being twice
laboriously dislodged by the sluggish gov-
ernment regulars. Necessary fiscal and ad-
ministrative reforms have not been forth-
coming, although to be sure promises of
them are daily forthcoming. The exit of
Sophoulis promises the early return of Tsal-
daris, as insipid a conservative as can be
found in Europe.
It seems time to stop this ceaseless shuf-
fling of a very much dog-eared deck in
Greece. Since we cannot reasonably quit
the country, and since the Russians will
be damning us as imperialists no matter
how corretly we behave, let's at least
get a run for our money. The pro-Com-
inform guerrillas are now estranged from
Titoist Yugoslavia. If a pro-Tito coup in
tiny Albania can be realized, the greater
part of the northern border which nour-
ishes the rebels will be sealed.
This, coupled with some direct action to
clean up the corrupt and unwieldy Greek
civil service and institute a stiff personal
income tax may yet save the day. It would
be foolish, however, to expect any final solu-
tion in Greece while the cold war continues,
MATTER OF FACT:
By STEWART ALSOP
BATAVIA, DUTCH EAST INDIES-In a
very special sense, the exploration of
the Indies is a peculiar experience for the
A great new nation is coming to birth
here, that will some day be one of the
strong powers of the Orient.
But the delivery is grimly difficult. And
the American traveller is startled to find the
United States playing the JItal role of mid-
wife at this new nation's birth.
On the surface, it is curious that there
should be any trouble here at all, for
everyone appears to agree about what the
new free, independent Indonesian nation
ought to be like.
The Dutch, to start with, have at last
fully accepted Indonesia's right to freedom,
partly in response to American diplomatic
The Dutch ask only that the new Indo-
nesia retain some tenuous connection with
the Dutch monarchy; sign a trade agree-
ment to protect Dutch economic interests
here; and grant a Dutch naval base, prob-
ably at Sourabaya. They would also like to
see their technicians and administrators
kept on, by invitation, to serve the new In-
* * *
ASK ANY INDONESIAN republican what
he wants, and he will say he wants the same
things as the Dutch. And this is even true
of the Indonesian federalists-"the men who
eat cheese" as their rivals call them-who
dislike the Dutch a little less than they dis-
like theupredominant Javanese leadership of
the republican movement.
This reporter asked the federalist leader,
Sultan Abdul Hamid II (an astonishingly
handsome dandy who suggests an Asiatic
version of Lord Mountbatten of Burma)
why he was still opposing the Republicans.
After a moment's reflection, he replied
with some surprise:
"You know, I don't think we have any
differences any more."
The sad thing is that despite this uni-
versal accord, a good many Dutchmen are
still due to die at the hands of the Indo-
nesians, and a good many Indonesians are
likely to be killed by the Dutch, before there
can be a final settlement.
* * *,-
ONE REASON IS THE guerrillas. All guer-
rillas are hard to control. Some are Com-
munists, who loathe the Republicans. Others
are led by the spell-binding demagogue Tan
Malaka who calls himself a Trotskyite. A
large number have become plain bandits.
Because they have trouble controlling
the guerrillas, the Indlonesian leaders can-
not absolutely enforce a cease-fire. Thus
the Dutch have an excuse-in some sense
a quite honest reason-for refusing to
make any settlement final.
(Copyright, 1949, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
man who has vigorously de-
fended North Carolina's Graham
Barden from the charge of "bigot"
hurled at him by Cardinal Spell-
man is Rep. Andrew Jacobs of In-
dianapolis, himself a devout Cath-
Jacobs, a freshman who in six
months has made an outstanding
record, serves on the same educa-
tion and labor committee with
Barden, where the Aid-to-Educa-
tion Bill is now bottled up. Citing
the late Al Smith onsthe separa-
tion of church and state, Jacobs'
contends that a great many Cath-
olics disagree with Cardinal Spell-
"AS LONG AS WE have the
same right to send our children
to public school as anyone else we
are not discriminated against," !
Congressman Jacobs says in a
special statement to Catholics.
"And as Catholics we do not
have the right to a separate,
publicly supported school sys-
tem, nor does any other group
of people have such right.
"Whatever can be constitution-
ally done to aid a child will win
my support. However, I cannot
and will not support any measure
that grants public financial aid
to private or parochial schools.
"WE HAVE THE right to build
and maintain our churches," con-
tinued the Indiana Democrat, "but
not to build or maintain them
with public funds. Our parochial
schools are an adjunct of our re-
ligion, established for educational
use instead of using public
schools, solely for the sake of the
child's religious training.
"The issue is clear. Either you
keep parochial schools and
maintain them or take public
funds andconvert them into
public schools, and they will
then no longer serve the relig-
ious purpose for which they
Congressman Barden of North
Carolina, whom Cardinal Spell-
man has attacked, is a quiet, hard-
working, middle - of - the - roader
who is viewed in Congress as any-
thing but a bigot. Actually, he
agrees with Cardinal Spellman on
many things, especially on the
point that the Federal Govern-
ment should not control educa-
BARDEN is a man of deep,
fighting convictions, and one of
these is that we must raise our
"I happen, to be a Presbyter-
ian," says Barden. "But I don't
believe it's the duty of the gov-
ernment to provide money for
Presbyterian schools any more
than for the private schools of
Methodists, Catholics, Quakers,
Episcopalians- or any other
Barden was a battler for better
education long before he came to
Congress in 1934. As a member of
the North Carolina Legislature he
led'the fight for the improvement
of both white and colored schools.
* * *
THE FACT that Negro school-
teachers are now paid the same
as white, and that money is di-
vided impartially between Negro
and white school buildings and
transportation is due in part to
Barden's untiring efforts.
"I am wrong about as often
as the next fellow," says the
North Carolina Congressman.
"But I try to be always sincere.
My constituents don't blame me
if I make a mistake once in
However, if they ever find me
wrong and insincere at the same
time, I expect them to get after
me plenty-and rightly so."
* * *
BRITISH BUSINESS CRISIS-
Paul Hoffman, the Marshall
Plan administrator, held a secret
conferenceawith top government
officials lart week to report on
the British financial crisis.
Britain, according to Hoffman,
had bungled its way into a first-
class recession that may lead all
Europe into a depression and
wreck the Marshall Plan. Hoffman
was especially bitter about Brit-
ain's trade deal with Argentina,
said it is typical of the way Brit-
ain has refused to practice what
HE INTIMATED that if Britain
doesn't show more signs of coop-
eration he may cut off Marshall
Plan aid-if Congress doesn't beat
him to it.
Tom Finletter, head of the ECA
mission to Britain, was present at
this briefing, and agreed that
Britain would have to take drastic
action in a hurry to keep from
going bankrupt and dragging all
Europe under with it. This is
something the Russians have been
praying for ever since the cold war
(Copyright, 1949, Bell Syndicate. Inc.)
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN.
im 11, 1 I I , 11, -- . I
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
B~yrnes, welfare State
All notices for the Daily Official
Bulletin are to be sent to the Office
of the Summer Session in typewritten
form by 3:30 pa. of the day preced-
ing its publication, except on Satur-
day when the notices should be sub-
mitted by 11:30 a.m., Room 3510 Ad-
FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1949
VOL. LIX, No. 8S
The first Fresh Air Camp Clinic
will be held at the main lodge,
Patterson Lake, Friday, July 1.
Dr. Rabinavitch, Director of the
Children's division of N.P.I., will
be the psychiatrist. Any Univer-
sity students interested in prob-
lems of individual and group ther-
apy are invited to attend.
The Civil Service Commission of
the City of Detroit announces ex-
aminations for Junior and Assis-
tant Industrial Hygienist and for
Assistant Superintendent of Pub-
lic Service. Additional informa-
tion may be obtained at the Bu-
reau of Appointments, 3528 Ad-
"On Borrowed Time," Paul Os-
born's tender, lovable comedy will
have only two more performances,
tonight and Saturday evening, at
8 p.m. Good seats are still avail-
able for both performances. The
box office at Lydia Mendelssohn
Theater is open from 10 a.m. to
Graduate Students expecting to
receive the Master's Degree in Au-
gust, 1949, must file a diploma
application with the Recorder of
the Graduate School by July 1st if
they have not already done so.
Overseas Positions. Representa-
tives of the Department of the
Army will be at the Bureau of
Appointments Thursday and Fri-
day, July 7 and 8, to interview
people interested and qualified for
the following teaching positions in
Dependant Schools: In Japan-
Men with math, science, physical
education combination; physical
education men to coach basketball
and baseball; combination French
and Spanish teachers; music and
In Germany: elementary teach-
ers to handle four grades in two-
Age limits: 22-40. Two years
successful teaching experience re-
quired, five years preferred. For
further information and appoint-
ment, call at 3528 Administration
Bldg., or call extension 489.
The Department of the Army is
also recruiting recreational work-
ers (women) for Army Service
Clubs in the Pacific theater. (Ja-
pan, Okinawa, Guam, Korea).
Qualifications: Assistant Service
Club Director - graduation from
college and experience in adult
recreation; age limits 30-40. Rec-
reational Director - graduation
from college and practical knowl-
edge of arts and crafts, music,
dramatics or group recreation. In-
terviews will be held the latter
part of next week, for further in-
formation, call at 3528 Adminis-
Lecture Series in Chemistry
Building, Room 1300 on Wednes-
days, 4:00 p.m.:
July 6-Professor Luis W. Al-
varez, "High Energy Physics."
Cian Stay Finl Not Working"
July 13 - Professor Frederick
Seitz, "Theory of Semi-Conduc-
July 20-Professor Leigh C. An-
derson, "Adsorption Spectra and
July 27-Professor Raymond L.
Garner, "Energy Relations in In-
tracellular Enzyme Reactions."
August 3-Professor William A.
Nierenberg, "Influence of Nuclear
Quadrupol Moments on Chemical
August 10-Professor G. B. B.
M. Sutherland, "Infrared Analysis
in Chemical Research."
Mr. R. K. Kapur, Education Of-
ficer, Indian Embassy, Washing-
ton, will talk on "Gandhian Phil-
osophy" at 4:15 p.m., July 1st, in
Lecture: "Practices and Trends
in Canadian High Schools," Char-
les E. Phillips, Professor of Edu-
cation, University of Toronto, 3:00
p.m., Auditorium, University High
Preliminary @xaminations in
English: Candidates for the Ph.D.
degree in English who expect to
take the preliminary examinations
this summer are requested to
leave their names with Dr. Ogden,
3220 Angell Hall, at once. The ex-
aminations will -be given as fol-
lows: English Literature to 1550,
July 20; English Literature 1550-
1700, July 23; English Literature
1700-1900, July 27; and American
Literature, July 30. These exami-
nations will be given in Angell
Hall, 3223 at 9 a.m.
Doctoral Examination for Don-
ald Guy Sheets, Pharmaceutical
Chemistry; thesis: "Derivatives of
Thianaphthene," Friday, July 1,
2525 Chemistry Bldg., at 2:00 p.m.
Chairman, F. F. Blicke.
Carillon Recital: By Percival
Price, University Carillonneur, 7:15
p.m., Friday evening, July 1. The
program will be a Dominion Day
Canadian Program, and will in-
clude some school songs, a sonata
by Donnell, some Chansons du
terroir, and O Canada by Lavalee.
Museum of Art: Michigan Water
Color Society, 3rd Annual; Islamic
Pottery; Alumni Memorial Hall,
daily 9-5, Sunays 2-5. The public
Clements Library. Unique Ca-
nadiana: A Selection of Fifteen
Canadian Rarities in the Clements
Library. (June 20-August 19).
Canterbury Club: 4-6 p.m., Tea
and Open House for all students
and their friends.
German Coffee Hour: Friday,
3:00-4:30 p.m. Russian Tea Room.
All interested students and faculty
members are invited.
Classical Studies: There will be
a coffee-hour on Friday, July 1,
at 4:00 p.m. in the West Confer-
ence Room of the Rackham Build-
ing, for all students and staff
TO THE EDITOR
The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy Is to publish In the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or suchrletters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
* * *
laims , ,
To the Editor:
BEEN READING THE paper
again. If the Russians can
bolster a patriotic response by lay-
ing claim to all human discovery,
why, more power to them. Any-
body could tell you Columbus was
a Russian. We have our own meth-
ods over here. Look how Chrysler
told us all about their carburetor
air filter - the marriage of re-
search and advertising. And all
today's cars have the makings of a
clothes drier strewed about them
while the clothes line dominates.
Talking about forms of govern-
ment, how many different ways
can you make this oil burner of
ours spell democracy.
T ATE IN THE GAME-almost
too late-labor is showing
some brass-tacks sanity on the
question of labor legislation.
Nationally the latest gesture to-
ward recognition of union respon-
sibility comes from James C. Pe-
trillo, Caesar of the American
Federation of Musicians. It's easy
to become amused by Petrillo's ex-
plosion against John L. Lewis for
Lewis' dictatorial disregard of la-
bor's best interests; here, if ever,
is a pot-and-kettle situation at
a mutual blackest.
But the inadvertent humor of
Petrillo's attack doesn't wash out
the basic sense of his endorsement
of compromise on Taft-Hartley re-
peal. Petrillo is no more fond of
Taft-Hartley than any other la-
bor leader. Still he does not in-
sist, as President Truman stub-
bornly does, on total discard of
the act. He endorses the Douglas-
Aiken proposal for a compromise
between Taft-Hartley and the
Wagner act; he would retain the
new sections that have proved
themselves valuable, toss out only
some punitive sections.
-St. Louis Star-Times.
members interested in Classical
Studies. Professor Pearl will speak
informally on the papyri.
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet at 9:30 a.m. on Monday, July
4, at the Northwest Entrance of
the Rackham Building, for an all-
day canoe and swimming trip. Ev-
eryone should bring his own lunch.
Everyone should sign the canoe-
reservation list at the Rackham
check desk, and indicate whether
or not he intends to stay for sup-
Square Dance, sponsored by U.
of Mich. Hostel Club. To be held
Saturday evening, July 2, from
8 p.m. to 11 p.m. at Women's
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
FORMER SECRETARY of State James F.
Byrnes has started a real, sure-enough,
big-time national argument with his charge
that the Administration's domestic policies
Would lead us toward a "welfare state," in
which the individual may become "an eco-
That makes "welfare state" the key words
for this week, which commentators and Con-
gressmen are quoting, and if you want a
reputation as a hep character you will make
sure to introduce this topic early at dinner.
parties to show that you know what is going
on and what is hot in the way of public
* * *
BUT, SOMEHOW, as I follow this argu-
ment, I have the most curious feeling
that it is a kind of great irrelevancy. As I
listen to the pro and con about the "wel-
fare state," I get the strongest conviction
that this discussion is only sidetracking
us from what we should be talking about if
we are concerned about the future shape of
And what we should be talking about
is the fact that we are in a gathering
recession. That recession, and the way
we handle it, or fail to handle it, will have
a great deal more to do with shaping the
future of American civilization than any-
thing Byrnes has said, or anything that
anybody else has said about what he said.
And Byrnes' somewhat abstract argument
doesn't really help us to solve our prob-
lems because it keeps us from talking
about them; there are only so many hours
in the day, and if we spend them debat-
ing the virtues or lack of virtues of the
"welfare state," then we can't use them for
discussing unemployment and deciding
what to do about it.
Nobody knows how far the current re-
cession will go. But the New York Journal
of Commerce published an article last Mon-
day, revealing that "most government labor
experts "feel that unemployment will go to
"5,000,000 or higher" this year. Nobody is
placing any very heavy money bets as to
what will happen after that figure is
reached. And it is on this level, on the level
of what we propose to do about unemploy-
ment, that the real decisions will be made as
to our political and social futures.
BYRNES makes it all seem a little too easy.
A "welfare state"'is no good, he indi-
cates, let's decide, he says in effect, not to
have one; bingo, it's done.
But decisions as to the future of a society
are not made in this way; they are made
by its success in solving its problems, or by
its failure to solve them.
And one of the ways in which a nation
can fail to solve its problems is by failing
to talk about them-and the picture of a
country of 145,000,000 people hotly de-
bating the virtues and defects of the "wel-
fare state," in the abstract, while real
unemployment clamors for our attention
is not, to me, a heartening indication that
we are attacking our problems directly
We can keep control over the future state
of our society, but not by indulging ourselves
in abstract arguments that are not' solidly
based on the issues, not by concentrating our
attention on wistful formulations that lead
us away from the problems we need urgently
(Copyright, 1949, New York Post Corporation)
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
B. S. Brown .....Co-Managing Editor
Craig wilson ......Co-Managing Editor
Merle Levin............Sports Editor
Marilyn Jones.......women's Editor
Robert C. James. Business Manager
Dee Nelson.....Advertising Manager
Ethel Ann Morrison ...Circulation Mgr.
Jame McStocker ......Finance Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of.. all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
...crd Mr. O'Malley stood on the
.. and Mr. O'Malley took the message
But are you SURE your fairy
',jiI',efffhp did ol thosefMinas?
And Mr. Van Ess, the vice-presidentf
Everything will work out fine.
Iriy Okayo sone I'l/in f'