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July 16, 1948 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1948-07-16

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FRIDAY, JULY 16, 1948


Convention Footnote

THE CURTAIN has dropped on the second
act of the nomination drama-or melo-
drama-but it has not hidden from view cer-
tain features of that frenzied program.
Rather, spectators have merely been re-
minded again of several flaws that have
long characterized the national convention
These flaws were recently analyzed by a
correspondent for the New York Times, who
prepared a five-point indictment against
the system. In view of tIe recent goings-on
in Philadelphia, his findings are particularly
Specifically, the indictment reads:
1. That convention delegates are often
not representative of the areas from which
they were selected. This means that a
traditionally Republican state, such as
Maine, had almost as many votes to cast
for or against Truman as it had for or
against Dewey. In other words, Maine, in
spite of revised convention rules, was near-
ly as influential in selecting the Demo-
cratic candidate as it was in choosing the
Republican nominee, even though the
electoral votes of that state will almost
certainly be spent on Dewey.
2. That, although a few states grant their,
electorate the opportunity to indicate their
preferred candidates, the large majority of
states have no provisions for a popular ex-
pression of the voters' choice. Selection of
the nominees in these latter states is often
controlled by the whim of politicians seek-
ing patronage benefits by supporting some
particular candidate.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

3. That the President of the party in
office is customarily backed for re-nomina-
tion, regardless of his record in office and
largely, again, for patronage reasons. This,
one feels, was one of the prime factors
behind Truman's victory Wednesday night.
4. That large states are heavily favored
by the distribution of national convention
delegates. The case of New York's Dewey
is in no way exceptional in this respect since
one candidate from his state has been on
every Presidential ballot since 1920.
5. That the conventions are preceded
by so little creative planning and conduct-
ed in such haste and to the accompani-
ment of so much fol-de-rol that thorough
consideration of candidates and platforms
is virtually impossible.
Several suggestions have been drawn up
for correcting the situation. One calls for
the selection by the delegates of several
possible candidates whose names would be
placed on a party ballot which would then
be voted on by the people in a uniform,
nation-wide primary election. Another pro-
posal would abolish the convention nominat-
ing procedure, leaving the decisions to be
made on a national direct primary held
simultaneously in each state. Still another
suggestion simply urges that the people
soehow recover from their chronic leth-
argy and acquire an active interest in pol-
itics at the local nominating stage.
Objections to the present system are
based for the most part on the feeling
that it permits an undemocratic state of
affairs and allows a select few to control
the designation of nominees, a right that
should belong exclusively to the people.
And the central question involvel in the
entire existing procedure, as the New York
Times has observed, is not whether the na-
tional convention defies the will of the
people but whether it is as responsive to
that will as it might be.
-Kenneth Lowe.

The Democratic Split

PHILADELPHIA - In the long run, the
final, open split between the Northern
and Southern Democrats is likely to prove
a more important event of this convention
than any mere nomination of candidates.
The passage yesterday afternoon of the
strong civil rights resolution of Mayor
Hubert Humphrey Minneapolis leaves a
split far more embittered, far more difficult
to heal, than the splits of the Northern and
Southern Democrats of the '20s. Then the
issues were merely rum and romanism. Now
they are civil rights and social change.
The convention's action was, of course,
the result of the mounting rage of the
Northern Democrats against the Southern
shouters for white supremacy. Some of these
have gone so far, at this heart-breaking con-
vention, that one began to expect the Mis-
sissippi delegation to propose repeal of the
anti-slavery amendments of the Constitu-
The general odor of the Southern bloc
was not improved, either, by its almost
equally impassioned advocacy of the Tide-
lands oil grab, no doubt not unconnected
with the reported financing of the forth-
coming Southern rump convention by the
oil interests. In the passion of the moment,
men more representative of the real South,
like Senator Lister Hill of Alabama, were
rendered powerless. And in the passion of
the moment, the Northerners became in-
furiated with all Southerners and hit out
with little regard for immediate conse-
President Truman had desperately hoped
to patch up a compromise. By his instruc-

tion, his few faithful henchmen like Senator
J. Howard McGrath of Rhode Island and
Senator Francis Myers of Pennsylvania,
tried frantically to pass the resolutions com-
mittee's weasel-worded civil rights plank.
But the plans of the insurrectionists had
been well laid, mainly at a meeting of the
Americans for Democratic Action, for whom
this is a big score. John Shelley of California
was prepared to lead his men in a march
on the platform if convention chairman
Sam Rayburn tried to gavel the rebels down.
The A.D.A. had men in every Northern dele-
gation, ready to demand delegation roll calls
if delegates tried to go along with Truman.
And the big city leaders-Ed Flynn, Paul
Fitzpatrick, Ed Kelly, Jake Arvey, David
Lawrence-formed part of the combination.
They had the votes, and they won:.
(Copyright, 1948, New York Herald Tribune, Inc)
At Hill Auditorium
Marais and Josette Day.
HERE IS A FAIRY TALE, with all the
fantasy and artful magic of a children's
fable, but in reality this delightful style of
presentation is the whipped cream covering
of a highly sophisticated love story. It is the
age-old theme of the pure young maiden,
afraid to leave her father's home for the
uncertainties of marriage. Her maturation
to accept love, though it comes masked in
ugliness, is told in beautiful allegory and
intricate symbolism.
A prologue asks credulity for the fantasy
employed, and without further ado we are
taken to the tree-encompassed lair of the
Beast, where Beauty comes as sacrifice for
her father's trespasses there. Pictorially
amazing, the forest hideaway is at first a
frightening place of candelabra, enchanted
mirrors and statues with moving heads. The
first appearance of the Beast is almost as
terrifying to the audience as it is to Beauty,
and at one point the poor girl does one of
the most justified swoons on film. But as
the pure-hearted Beauty comes to sense the
loneliness and inner torment of her hideous
captor, her fear gradually diminishes until
love replaces it, and she at last frees the
unhappy beast from the evil spell that has
made him this horrible demi-monster.
I took the moving statues to be sym-
bolic of the interest people take in a
love affair, and fitted Beauty's two selfish
sisters, her friends at home and the magic
of jewels from dust into my own an-
alysis of the story. Although students of
Freud will have a heyday with the net-
work of symbols employed, this is a picture
to which everyone can give a personal in-
Jean Marais does a skillful job of his
tri-charactered role, and his make-up ar-
tistry as the Beast should make Max Fac-
tor sit up and cry "How?" Josette Day, as
RBauitv liveswimtn the nameand monve

Change of Heart
PHILADELPHIA-The Democratic party
now embarks upon that old college try,
and as a result many of the lobby clutterers
who have come here to observe this conven-
tion are beginning to feel that maybe it will
be a real fight, after all. This feeling has
nothing to do with the merits; it arises at
one moment or another before almost all
prize fights, no matter how the contestants
stack up, and it is coning up noy. The boys
are beginning to feel better about Truman.
There is a touch of anger now and then
aganist anti-Truman cracks, which is a big
change from last Sunday. That adulatory
something which comes along to make a
man a president after his election also op-
erates, in a lesser degree, to make a man
a candidate after his nomination is secure,
and I guess it was about 4 o'clock Tuesday
afternoon that a movement set in to con-
sider Truman a pretty good nominee. You
could almost see people coming to this con-
clusion, and you felt that if you stood close
enough to them as they did it, you would
hear a little "ping" as the change of mind
was accomplished.
The liberals are being taunted with
having hurt Truman's chances by being
too pessimistic, by raising a holler against
him, and by plugging for Douglas, etc.
It is a poor sort of year in which to be a
liberal. They came down here to com-
plain that Truman was bad for the liberal
movement, and the answer they have ob-
tained is that the liberal movement is bad
for Truman. It just goes to show what sort
of week this has been; it even ends by
muddying the question of who has been
bad for whom.
Anyway, the virtue hunt is on. It is being
found that Truman is courageous and also
serene. And it is among Republican observ-
ers here and in Republican editorials, that
I have found some of the strongest and ear-
liest statements to the effect that Truman
is not such a bad candidate and is in some
ways a good one.
Strangely enough, I do not feel that it is
because they consider Truman to be their
pigeon that Republicans say these things
about him. I think they have been really
shocked by the liberal clamor which has
been raised within the party against the
President, and I sometimes wonder whether
they have not been disturbed by it, as
by the sight of something naked, something
which upsets the complacent assumption
that explicit liberalism is a past phase in
American life.
(Copyright, 1948, New York Post Corp.)
Current Movies]
At the State ...
garet O'Brien.
Although her acting is becoming more
stylized with each performance, Margaret
O'Brien is still the kid that likes to dress up
in all kinds of costumes and produce, at will,
the biggest and rollingest tears in filmland.
As the Angel, she dresses up as a little girl
in the "not so good" 10th Avenue district of
New York and stains her freckled cheeks
when the world of wishes is replaced by the
cold facts of life. Without her make-believe,
Margaret falls down on the job of helping
out the people on the street, including her
jobless parents, the ex-con making good and
the blind newspaper dealer on the corner.
Later, Margaret finds a cow kneeling in a
stock yard full of gangsters which restores
her faith. So' with several plot pirouettes
and a few minor miracles, a typically Dick-
enesque ending finds all the good people

ecstatically happy and most of the bad
people in jail.
Fittingly enough Margaret holds most of
the scenes, leaving the rest of the cast little
to do but fill in with straight, underplayed
Although this one is in the "life can be
beautiful" bracket, it fails to ring the bell
because all its situations, homey incidents
and tragedies are trite. Yet Margaret is
good, the action moves rapidly and it is
better entertainment than the run-of-the-
mill Hollywood extravaganza.
-Craig H. Wilson
* * *
At the Michigan .. .
WINTER MEETING, wih Bette Davis
and James Davis.
panned by practically every reviewer in
the nation, the rumor arose that Bette
Davis had been forced to make it under the
threat of another Warner Brothers suspen-
sion. She denied the rumor, saying that
she had been quite eager to make the pic-
ture. That is an unparalleled confession of
Miss Davis and I suffered through two
hours of this thing and I, for one, still
don't know what it was all about. As far
as I could tell it consisted of two colorless
people recounting their dreary lives. There
was the endless business with cigarettes and
the lofty, vapid talk that have come to
characterize a Betty Davis film. It seemed
like a glimpse of eternity.
The writing and direction are terrible and
the acting is not much better. The picture

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Editorial Rounds
Christian Science Monitor .. . j
For the Arabs Dangerous Corner j
WHAT MAY be the beginning of a fundamental change in the Pal-
estine situation has now been registered in the major world capi-
tals and in the United Nations. It is the result of Arab refusal to ex-
tend the truce period, after the Israeli had agreed to do so.
This looks like a diplomatic blunder on the Arabs' part. Hereto-
fore the approach of international opinion to the Palesine problem,
through the UN and in all visible diplomatic moves, has been based on
a theory of equal innocence for both contenders. Neither was to be
regarded as an aggressor, at any rate so long as the armies operated
in a manner that could be construed as defending the territories al-
lotted to Arabs and Jews in the UN partition plan. Bombings of
strategic points in either territory did not violate this concept so long
as the ultimate objective was not clearly aggressive.
If there was an element of fiction in all this, there were also ele-
ments of reality. The formula's usefulness, however, is put to a se-
vere test by the latest events in the Holy Land. By refusing to extend
the truce at the suggestion of Count Bernadotte, the UN mediator,
and at the request of the UN itself, the Arabs have invited world cen-
They are immediately confronted with Israeli charges, laid be-
fore the UN Security Council, of violating the truce some hours be-
fore its expiration. There have of course been charges of violations
from both sides on several occasions. But the importance of this
Jewish charge is that, if sustained by the Security Council, it could
lead to UN action against the Arabs under Chapter VII of the Charter,
including imposition of sanctions against them.
THAT DEVELOPMENT, if coupled with a lifting of the American
embargo against arms shipments to the Middle East, would be a
serious blow to the Arabs' military prospects. The Arabs are talking a
great deal about British treaty obligations to them, but the British
have said that if the UN finds the Arabs guilty of illegal acts Britain's
obligations to the UN will override those in its treaties with Arab
Aside from the loss of prestige which the Arabs have suffered over
the entire diplomatic front, there are known also to be weaknesses
within the Arab League. Egypt and Syria seem more intent on resum-
ing warfare, for example, than does King Abdullah of Transjordan.
Moves to exploit Arab divergencies are part of the general effort to
bring the Arabs into line with a world opinion otherwise due to turn
sharply against them. And today there is much less probability than
a few weeks ago that the Arabs can counter with efforts to split the
United States and Britain.
The Nation..
A Turn for the Worse'
THE CRISIS IN BERLIN seems to have taken a turn for the worse
with the presentation of notes from Britain, France, and the
United States to Moscow protesting against the Russian blockade. The
fact that, after several days and numerous consultations, three notes
were sent instead of one reflects the differences among the Western
allies as to the proper policy to follow. We still believe it is most
unfortunate that France has lost its natural role of mediator, and
evn more so that the Berlin crisis finds the two blocs facing each
other without any other force in a position to intervene. Had it not
been the policy of the great powers to reduce the initiative of the
United Nations, this would be the moment for Trygve Lie to offer its
good offices. But an appeal of .the Berlin Municipal Council to
the Danish government asking that it request the intervention of the
United Nations was turned down in Copenhagen as condemned in
advance to futility. Consequently, we see the Western Allies and
Russia heading toward a situation in which agreement will become
more difficult with the dispatch of each "more serious" note, and
retreat more painful as prestige and honor become involved in the
controversy. The best hope is that once the dispute has been taken
out of the hands of the military commanders, the governments may
decide that if the German problem is ever to be solved by a peaceful
means it had better be done before disintegration has gone so far
that even the will to repair the damage will have disappeared.
* * * *
r e
New York Herald-Tribune ...
The Platform

40~~ *
~ \\
41' ,JK


Publications in The Daily Officiala
Bulletin is constructive notice to all0
members of the University. Notices for
the Bulletin should be sent in type-
written form to the Office of the Sum-
mer Session, Room 1213 Angell Hall, by
3:00 p.m. on the day preceding publi-
cation (11:00 pm. Saturdays)
* * S
FRIDAY, JULY 16, 1948 c
VOL. LVIII, No. 186 F
Former holders of a Regents-
Alumni Scholarship who have lostJ
the scholarship for academic rea-
sons may apply at the Scholar-
ship Office, 206 University Hall,I
for reinstatement of scholarships
providing a significant improve-i
ment has been made in academic
record. All petitions must be filed4
by August 20, 1948.C
Bureau of Appointments & Occu-
pational Information, 201 MasonE
The Cleveland Electric Illumi-
nating Company will have a rep-
resentative here on Tues., July1
20th, to interview men for their
accounting department. Men
should be accounting majors. Theyf
also have an opening for an as-
sistant economist-graduate in
economics or business administra-
tion with master's degree or one
year of graduate work in public
utility economics. Complete in-
formation is on file at the Bureau.
Call extension 371 for appoint-
The third Fresh Air Camp1
Clinic will be held on Friday, Julyl
16, 1948.tDiscussions begin at8 8
p.m. in the Main Lodge of the1
Fresh Air Camp located on Pat-
terson Lake. Any University stu-
dents interested in problems
of individual and group therapy1
This approach is no novelty in)
party platforms, and it might be
harmless enough if in this in-1
stance it did not embrace the
whole area of foreign policy. One
of the hopes for the coming
months is that foreign policy will
be kept free of narrowly partisan
discussion. Through his adviser,
Mr. John Foster Dulles, Governor
Dewey has been preparing to keep
in touch with current negotia-
tions, so as to take no stand which
might needlessly complicate or
distort them. In his keynote
speech Senator Barkley was care-
ful to give Republicans in Con-
gress due credit for shaping for-
eign policy. But the platform
affords no intimation of the
statesmanlike efforts which have
marked both parties, and by its
exaggerated claims threatens to
bring into the heat of the cam-
paign questions which should be
dealt with solely from the point
of view of national interest.
platform restates positions
which the majority of the Con-
gress has again and again over-
ridden; it might have been
framed, indeed, on the basis of an
exclusive reading of Mr. Tru-
man's numerous veto messages.
By its demand for an outright re-
peal of the Taft-Hartley law, in
particular, it goes clearly against
the popular mandate to under-
take a new approach to labor
problems; and it goes against that
majority of the Democrats in
Congress which voted for the bill.
The chief weakness in this field is
less that of the platform than of
the party which stands back of
it. The Democrats at the end of
their long regime, divided among
themselves and with control of
only a portion of the government,
have grown incapable of putting
into effect even their more desir-
able measures, and incapable of
administering with a minimum

of efficiency the day-to-day af-
fairs of government.
The bright spot in the plat-
form is the plank of civil rights,
which achieved its present form
after a bitter fight on the floor.
But this clear and notable state-
ment was not won without weak-
ening the party and threatening
a bolt of Southern elements in
November. By a curious irony this
plank, specially commending Pres-
ident Truman for his courageous
stand, was a belated tribute to
the man whom the party had done
so much to discredit and belittle.
Mayor Humphries of Minneapo-
lis, who led the fight to have it
adopted, was one of those who a
short while before had been sug-
gesting that President Truman
was not fit to run. If this respect
( for Mr. Truman's considerable
qualities had been expressed by
the liberal wing at the start of the
convention, the Democratic party
would be able to go into its cam-
paign with some inner.. integrity
and confidence.

are invited to attend. The discus-
sant will be Mr; Herbert J. Booth
of the Flint State Child Guidance
Clinic, Flint.
Visitor's Night, Department of
Astronomy-Fri., July 16, 8:30 to
10:30 p.m., in Angell Hall, for ob-
servation of Moon. Visitor's Night
will be cancelled if the sky is
cloudy. Children must be accom-
panied by adults. (The second
and last Visitor's Night during the
Summer Session will be held on
July 30).
Survey Research Techniques:
There will be a conference for
students and instructors attend-
ing the special summer session in
Survey Research Techniques at
4 p.m. Mon., July 19, in the West
Conference Room of the Rackham
Approved Social Events Weekend
July 16-17, 1948
July 16, 1948
Robert Owen Coop, Wallace
Progressives, Wilcox House.
July 17, 1948
Alpha Kappa Kappa, Alpha Sig-
ma Phi, Congregational-Disciples
Guild, Delta Tau Delta, Lambda
Chi Alpha, Phi Rho Sigma, Sigma
Alpha Epsilon.
Dean V. A. Tan, College of En-
gineering, the University of the
Philippines will give a lecture on
"Certain Features of the Rehabili-
tation Program of the Philippine
Republic," Fri., July 16, 3 p.m.,
Room 445 West Engineering Bldg.
Everyone cordially invited.
The fourth lecture in the spe-
cial lecture series sponsored by
the Department of Engineering
Mechanics will be presented by
Mr. D. B. Steinman, Consulting
Engineer of New York. Mr. Stein-
man will speak on "Bridges and
Aerodynamics" on Friday, July
16, 8 p.m. in the Rackham Am-
phitheatre, and Saturday, July
17, at 11 a.m. in the Rackham
Academic Notices
Preliminary Examinations for
Doctorate in School of Education.
Examinations will be held on Au-
gust 16, 17 and 18, from 9 till 12
noon. Anyone desiring to take
these examinations should notify
Dr. Woody's Office, 4000 Univer-
sity High School, by July 19.
Coming Events
All students from China, and
former students now in Ann Ar-
bor, are invited to the house of
Mr. and Mrs. E. W. Blakeman, 5
Harvard Place, 2-5 p.m. Sun., July
18 to an outdoor mixer to welcome
to Michigan the new students
from China and other universities.
Games in the Arboretum under
special Chinese Club Commiee.
2-3 Mixer-5 Harvard Place.
Fifty-Eighth Year






YESTERDAY EVENING a highly enjoy-
able recital was given at Rackham Lec-
ture Hall by Andrew White, baritone. A fair
sized audience repeatedly indicated its great
pleasure at his fine singing, and gracious
stage presence. One temporary lapse of
memory was successfully bridged with a hu-
morous anecdote, and created a pleasantly
informal diversion that completely won the
audience's heart. This happy ability to put
the audience at ease, plus a very good mu-
sical performance, combined to make the
evening a happy event for all concerned.
Throughout the recital, Mr. White dis-
played a large well-trained voice, pleasant
in all registers, accurate in intonation, sure
in phrasing, and excellent in projection of
the softest pianissimos, and also the text.
His general good musical feeling, success-
fully established the mood of each work on
the program.'
In Gerard's Monologue "Nemico della Pa-
tria" from Andrea Chenier, Mr. White was
especially successful in creating the melo-
dramatic atmosphere of the opera. In the
songs of Delius, Strauss and Wolff, he
showed a marked ability for sustaining a
good cantabile line. Equally successful was
his humor in Gruenberg's "Two Old Crows."
. nmP ivznC noim +"mn++arna and t cn+-

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Associated Collegiate Press


THE DEMOCRATIC platform is'
lengthy, and filled with the
self-praise which the party needs
to keep up its courage through the
months ahead. There is no ad-
vance of the past sixteen years,
whether political, social or eco-
nomic, which is not attributed
entirely to the Democrats' fore-

sight and statesmanship; and no
setback but is laid squarely at the
feet of Republicans. The plat-
form didn't quite say that all the
soldiers, sailors and airmen who
fought in the war had been Demo-
crats, but it comes close to giving
that impression.



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