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July 16, 1948 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1948-07-16

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CONVENTION
FOOTNOTE
See Page 2

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CLOUDY WITH
SCATTERED SHOWERS

Latest Deadline in theState
VOL. LVIII, No. 186 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, JULY 16, 1948

PRICE FIVE CENTS

[JN

Orders

Arabs,

Jews

To

Halt

Warfare

Truman Calls
New Session
Of Congress
Special Meeting
. To Start July 26
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 15-With
a pointed challenge for action in
"the public interest" President
Truman today formally called
" Congress back for a special
summer session.
Back in the White House, the
President told the lawmakers to
assemble July 26---a week from
next Monday.
Republicans slammed at the
special session call as "cheap
politics," "sheer desperation,"
and a "trick." Some-but by no
means all-of the Democratic
legislators hailed Mr. Truman's
decision as a constructive move.
Others shook their heads and
predicted little will be accom-
plished.
The President has a dray-load
of legislative requests ready to
dump at the capitol door. He
reeled off a dozen of them in his
speech accepting the Democratic
Presidential nomination at Phila-
delphia early today.
Practically all are crammed
with controversy and double-
dipped in dissension: civil rights,
price controls, housing, federal
aid to schools, broadened Social
Security, a boost in the statu-
tory minimum wage, an "ade-
quate and decent" revision of
the law permitting the entry of
displaced persons from Europe.
His call for more public power
could set off the fight over "Valley
Projects" modeled on the Tennes-
' see Valley Authority. There were
possibilities for a sharp difference
of opinion over a national health
program, particularly if it includ-
ed pl ns for compulsory pre-paid
health insurance.
Whether any, all or none of the
President's broad recommenda-
tions will be written into the law
could not be forecast. But one
thing was very clear: the extraor-
dinary session is certain to mold
the shape of this year's presiden-
tial campaign.
U' Cautions
City Motorists

Italy Communist Leaders
Yield, Order Strike End
By The Associated Press
ROME, Friday, July 16-(IP)--Italy's Communist labor leaders
yielded to the government early today and ordered the nation-wide
general strike to end at noon (4 a.m., CST).
Troops patrolled the streets of Genoa tonight as the government
apparently decided to get tough and stop the general strike resulting
from the shooting of Communist leader Palmiro Togliatti.
The prefect of Genoa province proclaimed a state of emergency
today. Interior Minister Mario Scelba sent troops in armored cars to

THE PRESIDENTIAL SMILE-Harry S. Truman and Sen. Alben
Barkley of Kentucky, presidential and vice-presidential candidates,
respectively, face the Democratic Convention with a big, happy
smile. The President (left) arrived in Philadelphia Wednesday
night to accept his nomination, after the first ballot had put
him in, with more than 300 votes to spare.
LEGAL PROBLEMS:
Preuss Cites Supremacy o
International Law at Forum

Safety Program
Protect Terrace

Will
Area

The University took steps yes-
terday to crack down on alleged
speeding violations by motorists
driving in the University terrace
area following numerous com-
plaints from parents of small chil-
dren.
"A special plea will be sent to
all Terrace residents and more
safety signs will be erected," Fran-
cis C. Shiel, residence hall business
manager, announced. City and
University police will continue to
patrol the area carefully, he add-
ed.
Terrace residents contacted were
"alarmed about the speeding sit-
uation." They cited residents with-
out children and taxicab drivers
for allegedly "forgetting that there
are more than 100 children in the
area."
Besides speeding, residents
claimed that cars have run up on
the sidewalks on occasion and al-
most rammed parked cars several
times.
Children playing in the Terrace
development are "endangered,"
residents said.
However, there has been no ser-
ious accidents reported in the area
so far,.according to manager Shiel.
Although the University prom-
ised more signs similar to the
"dummy" signs used near schools,
The Daily found thirteen 15 miles
per hour signs already posted in
the roadway, which is less than a
mile long.
Law Forum Will Hear
Two Lectures Today
Charles S. Rhyne, international
and aviation law expert, will pre-
sent the third lecture in the For-
um on International Law at 2:30
n mfnrnv n NifincT-AII

International law has become
supreme over a nation's internal
law, Prof. Lawrence Preuss, of the
political science department de-
clared yesterday.
Speaking at the Forum on
Current Problems in International
law, Prof. Preuss added that it is
incorrect to suppose that the di-
rect application and enforcement
of international law is confined to
the practice of the United States
and Great Britain. International
law has been adopted intothe
municipal law of Germany, Rus-
sia, China and other nations, he
said.
Elementary
"An elementary principle of in-
ternational law and one that is
constantly upheld in practice is
that the internal law of a state
does not determine its interna-
tional responsibility," Prof. Preuss
asserted.
In the second lecture, Dr. Yuen-
Li Liang, speaking on "The Legal
Status of the UN in the U.S.,",
said that the legal facets -of or-
IW orld News
At LaGlance
By The Associated Press
SALINA, Kas., July 15-Nine
men were killed today inbthe crash
of an Army B-29 bomber return-
ing from a simulated bombing
mission over four mid-western
cities.
It was one of a group which
made simulated bombing runs
over St. Louis, the two Kansas
Citys and Omaha, Neb.
* * *
WASHINGTON, July 15-(P)-
Tb- Army, Navy and Air Force
will begin accepting special en-
listments of 18-year old volun-
teers under the new draft act on
next Wednesday, July 21.
* * *
PITTSBURGH, July 15-Re-
ports were persistent tonight
that U.S. Steel Corp. and the
CIO United Steelworkers have
reached an accord on wage in-
creases. for nearly 300,000 em-
plo'yes-
* * *
HALIFAX, July 15-A United
States Navy Skymaster made an
emergency landing at nearby East-
ern Passage Airport today after
developing engine trouble 30 min-
utes out of Halifax. None of its
35 passengers and crew was in-
jured.
* * *
WASHINGTON, July 15 -
John L. Lewis' United Mine
Workers Journal asserted today
that organized labor itself should
work for repeal of the Taft-
Hartley Act rather than depend
on the Democratic party plat-
form.
The Journal said that Presi-
dent Truman, "by his champion-
ship of anti-labor injunctions
..+amnr *a1. ii . ... ,.uran

ganizational problems today are
not different than those that
faced other international organ-
izations after World War I, but
that they are merely extended by
today's largeness in the scale of
organization.
He compared the body of 800
See BRIERLY--Page 4
Young Demts
Ask for Talks
ByCandidates
Efforts were begun last night by
the Young Democrats Club to co-
sponsor with the Young Republi-
cans a joint meeting at which all
Congressional candidates from the
Second District would be given an
opportunity to speak.
The action was in response to a
request from "Students for Slos-
son" supporters and followed the
statement by Associate Dean Wal-
ter B. Rea outlining reasons for
denial of recognition to the Slos-
son club by the Student Affairs
Committee.
Walsh Statement
"While we are not able to work
directly on the campus, we believe
that students should have an op-
portunity to contrast Prof. Slos-
son with the other candidates,"
Tom Walsh, temporary chairman
of the Slosson group, said.
"Such a meeting will enble both
students and townspeople to make
a more intelligent comparison of
both the candidates and the is-
sues in the coming election," Bob
Collins, chairman of the Young
Democrats, said after the club had
voted to approve the requests at
last night's meeting.
Endorse Civil Rights
The Democrats also discussed
the party platform and endorsed
the adoption of a "specific and
meaningful" civil rights plank by
the national convention.
Commenting on the denial of
recognition to the Slosson organi-
zation, Collins said, "It now ap-
pears that the reason for non-rec-
ognition of the group is that its
purpose is the endorsement of a
candidate who is also a univer-
sity professor."

help him maintain order.
Workmen who seized factories
'Solidarit' in
Berlin'Praised
By U.S._Army
Blockade by Russia
Called Intolerable'
BERLIN, July 15-(P)-The
U.S. Military government told the
German people tonight "the civil-
ized world has demonstrated its
complete solidarity" against Rus-
sia's "brutal starvation blockade"
of Berlin.
A military government radio
broadcast called the Soviet block-
ade "intolerable" and compared it
to the actions of Adolf Hitler's
Nazi government.
'Right To Demand'
The official broadcast told the
Germans they had a right to de-
mand the lifting of the blockade.
It told Berliners that "all free
Germans" are supporting them
and that the crisis here has given
"the exponents of German unity
a rallying cry behind Berlin."
More aid through the British-
American air life was promised
Berliners with the prospect that
new techniques and the expansion
of landing fields might permit B-
29s to join the air supply fleet.
The British gave notice tonight
that Russian military action is
the only way the Soviets can
clamp down on Berlin's air corri-
dors.
Britain's Position
Britain's position was stated by
group Capt. H. M. Wright of the
RAF at a news conference.
Asked about threats in the Rus-
sion official press to restrict trav-
el along the three corridors,
Wright said:
"I can't think of anything they
could do about changing the
agreed corridor rules except by
military action."
Death Comes
To Pershing
WASHINGTON, July 15--()-
General of the Armies John J.
Pershing, who in his 87 years had
fought Indians and led American
forces to victory in World War I,
died today.
The country's flags were low-
ered to half-staff in grateful re-
spect, by Presidential order.
Death, which had hovered near
the ailing old soldier for many
months, came quietly in the pre-
dawn hours.
At Walter Reed army Medical
center, here he had been a pa-
tient since 1941, the doctors said
a blood clot was the immediate
cause of death. But a heart condi-
tion, produced by extreme age, had
paved the way.
The General will be buried Mon-
day in Arlington National Military
Cemetery after ceremonies such as
the nation reserves for its great
men.

in Turin were said to have broken
out red flags over the buildings.
Sources close to the office of
Premier Alcide De Gasperi said
the government felt the "political
strike" had lasted long enough for
Togliatti's followers to blow off
steam. If it continued, it was said,
the government would use all
means to break it-including us-
ing troops to operate trains.
The Communist- dominated
General Labor Confederation,
which called a general strike last
night, was reported far from unit-
ed on it. The pro-government mi-
nority demanded an immediate
end to the strike, which it called
political.
Scelba's interior ministry re-
ported early today that the grip
of the strike was loosening, with
Sicilian and Neopolitan railway
workers, government employes and
many other joining a back-to-
work movement.
Seven persons have been killed
so far in riots throughout Italy.
The seventh was a baby shot
through the stomach last night
when a mob fired on a landown-
ers' home near Bologna.
Tito Attacked
As 'Betrayer'
By Cominformn
LONDON, July 15 - (/P) - The
Russian dominated Cominform
denounced Marshal Tito today as
a "betrayer of the working class"
who rules Yugoslav Communists
with a "regime of terror."
The Cominform renewed its
battle with Tito, making its sec-
ond attempt to discredit the Yugo-
slav Premier. It sounded an ap-
parent call for Yugoslav Commu-
nists to break with Tito.
Appears in Bulletin
The blast appears in today's is-
sue of the Cominform Bulletin,
scheduled to go on sale in Buchar-
est tonight.
Rejecting Tito's "defense
against the Cominform" charges
of anti-Soviet nationalism, the ar-
ticle said the Yugoslav replies
"taste of nationalist hate directed
against world-wide Communist
movements."
In what appeared to be its call
for Yugoslav Communists, to break
with Tito, the Cominform de-
cleared:
"It Is. Clear"
"It is clear for all Marxists that
the Communist party of Yugo-
slavia will remain loyal to Marx-
ism-Leninism, will weed out the
plague of bourgeois nationalism
and will step forward under the
banner of Leninist-Stalinist in-
ternationalism on the way to the
construction of socialism."
The article accused Tito and his
top ministers of packing the fifth
congress of the Yugoslav Com-
munist party, due to open next
Wednesday, with handpicked del-
egates.
The article accused Tito and his
top ministers of packing the fifth
congress of the Yugoslav Com-
munist party, due to open next
Wednesday, with handpicked del-
egates.

"BEAUTY AND THE BEAST"-Josette Day is the sleeping Beauty,
Jean Marais is the insomnious Beast. The French movie will have
its Ann Arbor premiere tonight at Hill Auditorium.
* * * *
BEAUTY AND BEAST
Faculty Guests Laud Cocteau
Movie After Sneak Preview

Provides for'
Backing by
Armed Force
Final Vote, 7-1;
Russia A bstains
By The Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, July 15-The
Security Council tonight ordered
the Jews and Arabs to halt the
war in Palestine.
The decision was backed up
with provisions for United Nations
force if necessary.
The final vote was 7 to 1 with
Syria alone in opposition. Russia,
the Soviet Ukraine and Argentina
abstained.
The decision, taken on an Amer-.
ican resolution, gave the Jews and
Arabs three days to cease fire. It
went far beyond previous UN ac-
tions which merely asked the two
,ides to stop fighting and allowed
hem to reject the pleas without
consequences.

A sneak preview showing of
"Beauty and the Beast" last night
drew delighted comments from a
group of specially-invited faculty
members.
Using such adjectives as "won-
derful," "magnificent" and "en-
chanting," they registered unani-
mous approval for the new French
film, to be shown to the public as
8:30 p.m. today and tomorrow at
Hill Auditorium.
Newcomb Approves
"Most people I know will like
this show," wrote Prof. Theodore
M. Newcomb of the sociology de-
partment. "I'm sorry for them if
they don't."
Another professor commented,
"An excellent film, original in its
presentation and in its spirit. The
characters are well cast; the im-
age is good."
The film told "a very delightful
and beautifully partrayed story,"
according to another comment.
Fairy Tale
Told in fairy-tale fashion,
"Beauty and the Beast" is a devel-
opment of the familiar childhood
story from an adult point of view.
Jean Cocteau, director of the pic-
ture, attempted realism only in
that the characters have some of
the sugar-coating taken off.
Cocteau continues, "To fairy-
land as people usually see it, I
would bring a kind of realism to
banish the vague and misty non-
sense now so completely outworn."
Extra Feature
Featured on the same program
is "One World Or None," a short
film telling in pictorial style of the
relationship between the atom
bomb and world cooperation.
Tickets for the films are on sale
Dr. Condon Given
New Clearance
WASHINGTON, July 15-(I)-
After a double check, the Atomic
Energy Commission today gave
Dr. Edward U. Condon a renewed
clearance to have access to res-
tricted atomic data necessary to
his work as director of the Na-
tional Bureau of Standards.
The commission issued a mem-
orandum declaring it has "no
question whatever" concerning
Condon's loyalty and that his con-
tinued clearance is in the best in-
terests of the atomic energy pro-
gram.

from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. in Univer-
sity Hall, and from 3 p.m to 8:30
p.m. at Hill Auditorium.
An open house today at Robert
Owen Co-op, 1017 Oakland, will
follow the movies, which are spon-
sored by ,Art League and the In-
ter-Cooperative Council.
Israeli Plane
Gives Cairo
First Bombing
CAIRO, July 15--( P)-An Israeli
plane bombed Cairo tonight. It
was the first Jewish air attack of
the Palestine war on the big Egyp-
tian capital.
The Egyptian Defense Ministry
issued a communique saying "at
7:55 this evening (11:55 a.m. CST)
an enemy plane raided Cairo and
dropped some bombs." The com-
munique did not specify where in
Cairo the bombs fell, whether
there were any casualties or the
extent of the damage.
King Farouk's capital of 1,500,-
000 had escaped air attack from
the Jews, although its suburbs suf-
fered a few minor bombings dur-
ing World War II. Cairo is about
350 miles from Tel Aviv, the. Is-
raeli capital, which the Egyptians
said they bombed today.
The same communique said
Egyptian planes raided Tel Aviv,
adding that "our heavy bombers
dropped high explosives and in-
cendiaries on objectives, causing
considerable damage and many
fires."
The Iraqi government issued a
communique in Baghdad saying
its planes raided Haifa harbor,
scoring a direct hit on one large
vessel and left it burning.
Cairo was the third Arab capital
bombed by the Jews in the Arab-
Jewish war. Israeli planes raided
Damascus, Syria, and Amman,
Trans-Jordan, before the United
Nations four-week truce early in
June. The Egyptians have consist-
ently bombed Tel Aviv since the
war began.
In Tel Aviv, an Israeli military
spokesman said tonight a lull had
occurred in the Palestine ground
fighting. No major clashes took
place on any front during teh day,
he said, although artillery shelling
continued.
Israeli claimed her troops are
poised along three sides of Naz-
areth, the home of Christ, and
that their forces had hammered
Arabs near Jerusalem.
The Holy City was bombed
shortly after midnight by Egyptian
planes which hit Jerusalem resi-
dential areas. It was the second
raid in Jerusalem's history. Unof-
ficial reports listed one person
killed and seven injured.
Open Air Dance
The Fresh Air Dance, with mus-

Russia supported the order to
the Jews and Arabs to lay down
their arms. The Soviet Union,
however, refused to endorse
parts of theAmerican plan call-
ing for further mediation efforts
by Count Folke Bernadotte and
the abstention on the final bal-
lot apparently was in protest
against inclusion of these sec-
tions. Russia could have killed
the whole plan with a veto.
Argenting. abstained because of
opposition to the use of force.
Arab delegates have told the
Council that they could see no pos-
sibility of the Arabs accepting the
order. Israel vas expected to com-
ply.
The resolution also ordered an
unconditionalcease-fire in Jeru-
salem to take effect within 24
hours.
Weary delegates tools the final
vote at 7:95 p.m., (CS't) ater
three full days of debate. Para-
graph by paragraph voting took
nearly four hours and the re-
sults became official only when
a ballot was taken on the entire
American resolution.
Cairo and Tel Aviv were bombed
while the Council debated.
The resolution said there is now
a threat to world peace in Pales-
tine. If either the Jews or Arabs
ignore this order, the situation is
automatically ruled a breach of
world peace. The council then
must consider immediately which
steps to take to enforce the or-
der. The UN charter lists diplo-
matic sanctions, economic sanc-
tions and as a last resort the util-
ization of international land, sea
and air forces.
Count Folke Bernadotte was
instructed to supervise the
cease-fire, which is of unlim-
ited duration, and to continue
his efforts at Jewish-Arab me-
diation. Russia refused to sup-
port the sections concerning
Bernadotte in the paragraph
voting, contending he is trying
to wreck the partition plan.
After some wrangling, Syria
agreed not to press at this time
for a vote on the proposal to ask
the International Court of Justice
for an opinion on the status of
Palestine.
The council adjourned at 7:58
p.m. (CST). No date was set for
the next meeting. Bernadotte has
reservations for Saturday to fly
back to his Middle East headquar-
ters on the Island of Rhodes.
Dates Set for Post
Summer Courses
The Post Session, to be held
after the regular Summer Session,
will last from Aug. 16 to Sept. 10.
The four weeks session was in-
stituted to allow graduate and un-
dergraduate students to earn an
extra three hours credit. Courses
offered are Economics 153ps
(Modern Economic Society), His-
tory 139ps (Nineteenth Century
Europe: A Study of Nationalistic
Movements), and Sociology 154ps
(Modern Social,Problems).
Economics 153ps will be taught
by Prof. William B. Palmer, and
Sociology 154ps will be taught by
Prof. Werner S. Landecker. His-
tory 139ps will be taught by Prof.

------- ------

DAIL Y CONVENTION HIGHLIGHTS:
State Delegates Have 'jittery' Time in Philadelphia

By JOHN CAMPBELL
(Daily Correspondent)
PHILADELPHIA, July 15 -
Michigan's Democratic delegation
had to ditch favorite son Frank
Hook early this morning to get
on the Barkley band wagon.
But that was all right with the
former congressman from Iron-

convention. The long list of sec-
onds for the Kentucky senator on
the early part of the roll call how-
ever, made it apparent that the
Barkley band wagon was starting,
and Michigan jumped on.
Hook is scheduled to oppose Re-
publican senator Homer Ferguson
in his bid for reelection this fall

upon returning home. They had in
mind what happened to Gov. Kim
Sigler after the GOP convention.
* * *
The more optimistic DemocratsI
left town wearing buttons read-
ing: "We did it to Dewey once
and we can do it again."
* * *

the gun during the Democrats'
week. They sent an elaborate
sound truck around the city. The
sound truck carried a merry-go-
round on which both the Repub-
lican and Democratic parties were
travelling.
Henry Wallace's supporters are
sure he will get the brass ring.

E

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