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July 01, 1948 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1948-07-01

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DEATH OF
THE MARK
See Page 2

Y

It

tii

CLOUD'Y
WARM11ER

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVIII, No. 175 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, JULY 1, 1948

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Tito's

Communists

Declare

Independence

x v
r

Equprneni
Workers OK
WageStrike
( l(O Group .A sN
3i Cent Inerease
NEW YORK, June 30-(P)--A
nationwide ballot by the Associa-
tion of Communication Equipment
Workers (CIO) has authorized
the union's bargaining committee
to call a strike against the West-
ern Electric Company, the union
said tonight.
inest Weaver, union president,
said the members voted four-to-
one to authorize the national bar-
gaining committee to call a strike
"should such be necessary" to en-
force union demands for a 31-
cent hourly wage increase.
Weaver said the union would
begin what he called a "cold
strike" tomorrow. Union members
will carry placards listing their
grievances in front of "every
prominent telephone exchange ini
the country where our members
are employed," Weaver said.
Thxe union members manufac-
ture and install telephone ex-
change equipment.
The Western Electric Company
is a manufacturing subsidiary of
the American Telephone and Tel-
egraph Company.
Weaver said a strike would af-
fect 30,000 installers of heavy tele-
phone equipment in 44 states and
the District of Columbia.
He added that the union is free
to strike any time after tomorrow
under its present contract with
the company.
Weaver said average hourly
wages earned by ACEW members
was $1.15 and that more than half
of the men receive less than $1 an
hour. He said the company had
refused "even to make an offer."
Weaver said the Federal Con-
ciliation Service still is active in
the dispute and the service now
is "apparently working on the
company."
Company officials were not im-
mediately available for comment.
Last of British
Quit Palestine
HAIFA, Israel, June 30-(RP)-
Israel's Star of David banner re-
placed the Union Jack over Haifa
Harbor tonight as the last of the
British troops pulled out of Pal-
estine.
Britain's 31 years of military
power in the strategic Middle East
land ended quietly and calmly, in
contrast to the years of intermit-
tent violence that swept the Holy
Land when Arabs, then Jews re-
volted and finally fought each
other.
A selected crowd of 1,000 Jews
filed through the port gate this
evening and watched the cere-
mony of hoisting the blue and
white Israel .flag.
At the ceremony, David Ben-
Gurion, Israel's premier described
the evacuation as "one of the
greatest days in the State of Is-
rael's history."
i The evacuation of the last 2,500
British soldiers began before dawn
and was completed shortly after
-' noon when the British flag was
hauled down.
Lt. ,Gen. Gordon H. A. Mac-
Millan, Britain's last military
commander in Palestine, was the
last British soldier on leave. He
told newsmen: "I am most sad
indeed."

,Student Political
Groups Activate
Three student political clubs-
representing as many different
shades of opinion--will be active
' on the campus this summer.
They are the Wallace Progres-
sives, the Young Democrats and
the Young Republicans. Student
supporters of Justice William
Douglas will work through the
city group.
Talk is circulating that two oth-
er clubs are in the process of for-
mation, the Dewey for President
club and Republicans for Douglas.
* Supporters of the latter group
hope to attract independent Re-
publicans dissatisfied with Gov.

EFFECTIVE IN FALL:
Sixty- Three Members
Of Faculty Promoted
Sixty-three University faculty members have received promotions,
Provost James P. Adams announced yesterday,
The promotions, which will become effective with the opening of
the academic year in September, were divided: 16 to the rank of pro-
fessor, 22 to the status of associate professor and 25 to assistant pro-
fessor.
Those becoming full professors are: Prof. Joe Lee Davis, Prof. Leo
Goldberg, Prof. Edward B. Ham, Prof. Lewis B. Kellum, Prof. Cecil J.
McHale, Prof. Wesley H. Maurer, Prof. Summer B. Myers and Prof.
Burton D. Thuma.
Others raised to the rank of professor are: Prof. Alan S. Foust,

Yugoslavia Bids
For West Support
Eigit-Poi t Programn Also Seeks
Coo perait1n with Soviet I nion
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia. June 30-(')-M'arshal Tito's Commun-
ists today nailed up another proclamation of Yugoslavia's nationalistic
independence of Moscow.
They hinted their willingness to deal with the west as well as the
east on a basis of peaceful cooperation and equality, and revived the
Moscow-derided pirject of a Balkan federation.
Outwardly the Yugoslav party leaders continued to hold out the
olive branch by declaring they stood for "strengthening and further
developing tight cooperation with the Soviet Union" and with the
"people's democracies" of the other Soviet satellites.
But stoutly, they asserted,, * * *

CANDIDATE-Prof. Pr'eston V.
Slosson, of the history depart-
ment, has announced his candi.-
dacy for the Democratic nomi.-
nation from the second Michi
gan Congressional District. Be..
sides incumbent Republican
Rep. Earl C. Michener, who is
now on his 13th term, four oth-
ers are seeking the post.
U.S. To Hold
Berlin Position
WASHINGTON, June 30--GP)-
The United States served a crisp
no-surrender notice on Russia. to-
day: We intend to stay in Berlin
despite Soviet efforts to push 'as
and the other Western Powers out.
Secretary of State Marshall is-
sued the 89-word declaration from:
the hospital where he is undergo-
ing a physical checkup. He pro-
mised to "deal promptly" with
questions raised by the Russian
blockade of the former German
capital.
And backing up Marshall's
statement :
1, British Foreign Secretary Er-
nest Bevin said in London that
the western nations are consider-
ing a direct approach to the
Kremlin in an effort to settle the
Berlin crisis.
2. The U.S. Air Force, already
doubling its fighter plane strength
in Europe, set about boosting the
number of B-29 Superfortresses
there from 10 to 30-for the time
being at least.
"We are in Berlin as a result of
agreements between the govern-
ments on the areas of occupation
in Germnany and we intend to
stay," Marshall said.

-4Prof. Lawrence C. Maugh, Prof.
Clarence A. Siebert, Prof. Lars
Thomassen, Prof . Robert R .
White, Prof. Frank H. Bethell,
Prof. Phillip Jay and Prof. Leo A.
Schmidt.
Those receiving the rank of as-
sociate professor include: Prof.
Enrique Anderson-Imbert, Prof.
John Arthos, Prof. Arthur W.
Burks, Prof. Clyde H. Coombs,
Prof. Garnet R. Garrison, Prof.
Joseph E. Kallenbach, Prof. Law-
rence B. Kiddle, Prof . John.W .
Lederle, Prof. Alfred H. Stockard,
Prof. Frederick H. Test, Prof.
Robert M. Thrall, Prof. Josselyn
Van Tyne and Prof. Benjamin W.
Wheeler.
Other associate professors are:
Prof. John Joseph Carey, Prof.
Philip O. Potts, Prof. Reuben L.
Kahn, Prof. Byron O. Hughes,
Prof. Donald A. Kerr, Prof. Wil-
liam J. Schlatter, Prof. James D.
Prendergast and Prof. Gordon C.
Brown.
Those achieving the rank of as-
sistant professor are: Dr. Samuel
J. Eldersveld, Harold Guetzkow,
Philip S. Jones, Dr. William R.
Leslie, William C. Parkinson, Dr.
Clarence Pott, Dr. Peter A. S.
Smith, Dr. Franklin M. Thompson
and Dr. Edward L. Walker.
Others advanced to the status of
assistant professor include: Dr.
Joshua McClennen, Cedomir M.
Spiepcevich, George Brymer Wil-
liams, Dr. Jere M. Bauer, Dr. Ivan
F. Duff, Dr. Theodore C. Kramer,
Dr. Ruth Lofgren, Dr. Lawrence
H. Louis, Dr. Robert S. MacIntyre
and Dr. Herbert T. Schmale.
Concluding the list of new as-
sistant professors are: William C.
Morse, Dr. Joseph T. Hartsook,
Dorothy Greenwald, John Carow
and Elizabeth A. H. Green. How-
ard C. Leibee was also raised to
the rank of associate supervisor.
selective Service
T~ll Gather Staff
WASHINGTON, June 30-( )-
Approximately 57,000 workers,
mostly volunteers, will be added to
the Setective Service setup in
July, officials said today.
The wheel .won't turh until
President Trun an (1) proclaims
the draft, (2) sets the registration
date, (3) deterr.;ines what age
group will be called first. (4) lists
specific deferments, (5) names a
national director, and (6) ap-
points state directoi s.
In Michigan, organizational
meetings with war-time local
board members have been held in
Detroit and Flint, and similar
meetings are scheduled tonight in
Pontiac and in Grand Rapids
Thursday.

Directory Sale
Begins Today
EL(ition Pro~lteedl
In Record Time
The Summer Directory will g
on sale today on the Diagonal an
in the Union, League and Studen
Publications buildings.
Including names, home ad
dresses and phone numbers of fac
ulty as well as students, the nev
Directory will appear for the firs
time before the Fourth of Jul
holiday.
A new reduced price of 75 ent
also has been set. The Director:
formerly sold for $1.50.
Both the low price and th
speedy appearance of the Summe:
Directof were the result of an ef
ficient production line set up 9(
minutes after registration close
last Saturday.
More than 30 typists and proof.
readers were employed in culling
pertinent information from th(
Student Directory coupons whic
were ripped from the registratior
cards.
The batch of 9,000 cards was di-
vided into six blocksand appor
tioned among the several typists. A
dozen proofreaders took over fror
the typists to insure that ther
would be no misspelling or omis-
sions.
The whole process required
three days and 15Q pages for th
more than 9,000 listed names. Ar
additional 16-page section of fac-
ulty members, student residence
and campus information brought
the total up to 168 pages.
UN Is Peae
Step--Bretton
The United Nations was not
established to secure peace, Hen-
ry Bretton, of the political science
department, asserted yesterday.
Speaking to members of the
student's United Nations Council,
Bretton said that the UN was
meant to act as a forum, a step
toward world government.
"We can't ask nations to give
up their sovereignty at the front
door," he stated. The purpose of
the Council is to begin at the
"back door" by handling phases
of world government that can be
settled without resistance.
Such items as international
health, post, transportation, stud-
ent exchange, gas warfare (many
issues with which the League of
Nations dealt) are of interest to
all nations. If the UN continues
with phases such as these, unco-
operative nations, such as Russia,
might find in time that it is de-
priving themselves of advantiages.
"We have given up some sov-
ereignties and we will give up
more."
Bretton pointed out that the
"UN cannot stop an armed con-
flict at the present time" and that
we don't expect it to make peace
between any of the big four in
case of war.

Gov. Sigler, Black Exchange
Scorching Verbal Brickbats

LANSING, June 30-()-Gov.
Sigler and Attorney General Eu-
gene F. Black tossed hot words at
each other's faces today in their
worst break of a stormy associa-
( tion.
It resulted because Black asked
the State Administrative Board to
override State Treasurer D. Hale
Brake's refusal to give him about
$40,000 for his Flint and Detroit
grand juries and his suit against
Musical Opens
Here T oniot
"Of Thee I Sing," first offering
in the speech department's sum-
mei series of plays, will open at 8
p.m. today in the Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre.
Cast of the Kaufman-Ryskin-
Gershwin musical has been an-
nounced as: Don Mitchell, play-
ing John P. Wintergreen, James
Drummond playing the vice-
presidential aspirant Throttle-
bottom, Don Kleckner as Mathew
Arnold Fulton, Doris Kays as
Mary Turner and Joyce Elaine
Edgar as Diana Devereaux.
The "Chorus of Beauties" in-
cludes, besides Miss Edgar, Mary
Alice Reed, Shi-rley Loeblich, Mar-
garet Paton, Ruth Arrington, Dor-
othy Hickman, Jane Hoffman,
Beverly Ketcik, Veryle Kinsel,
Ruth Livingston, Alice Mikulich,
Marilyn Scheel.
Important supporting roles are
played by James Reiss, Ted Heus-
el, Earl Matthews, John Sargent,
Mary Alice Reed, Bill Bromfield
and Stan Challis.
The quartet of French soldiers
is made up of C. Douglas Ander-
son, Walter Duncan, Robert C.
Hauke and Verna Weber.
Rex Wilder conducts the 15-
piece orchestra which accompan-
ies the operetta and Dr. Juana de
Laban has arranged and directed
all the dance numbers.
Dr. William P. Halstead is di-
recting the full production, sets
are by Oren Parker, and costumes
by Frances Schaill Goddman.
Harold Ross is Assistant Art Di-
rector and Jack E. Bender is tech-
nical director.
"Of Thee I Sing" will be given
four performances, at 8 p.m.
Thursday through Saturday and
at 2:30 p.m. Saturday.

state highway commissioner
Charles M. Ziegler.
Old Statute
Black asked for the money un-
der an old statute permitting pay-
ment of state litigation expenses
from "unappropriated funds in
the treasury." Brake said there
weren't any.-
By a six to two vote, the Board
refused to override Brake.
Sigler, saying the grand juries
must not be "throttled" for lack
of funds, said he would call the
"little legislature" together July
12 to pass on the request from its
emergency funds.
Black accused the Board of
steadily trying to frustrate the
grand juries.
"I am a member of the board,"
Sigler said, "And I didn't fight
you."
No 'Help'
"You certainly didn't give me'
any help," Black replied.
"You know that's not true," Sig-
ler retorted. "Your trouble is that
you are too busy popping off to do
youi work. If this is going to be
a political business we'll adjourn
right now. I'm saying the way to
run a grand jury is not to go
around popping off and criticiz-
ing the Supreme Court and the
Circuit Courts and everyone else."
Sigler said he could not over-
ride Brake on a legal question
and hence would call the Little
Legislature,
Brake said he hoped the Little
Legislature was called and voted
Black the money.
The Governor who usually only
votes in a tie, did not vote on over-
riding Brake at first, but Black
demanded his vote and Sigler
voted to support Brake.
Angell To Speak
Dr. James W. Angell, Columbia
University professor of economics,
will lecture on 'The Major Prob-
lems of Readjustment," at 4:10
p.m. today, in the Rackham
Amphitheatre.
Dr. Angell, who spoke earlier in
the week, will continue the Uni-
versity Summer Lecture Series on
"The Economic Reconstruction of
Europe."
Two lectures will be given by Dr.
Edward S. Mason, of Harvard
University, next week on "The
Problem of Germany."

SUPER CHIEF WRECKED-The Santa Fe crack Super Chief train plunged off a curve in the rail-
road yards in Winslow, Ariz. Seven crew membhers were seriously injured and hospitalized. The
four-unit diesel locomotive, a baggage car, a mail car and a lounge car overturned. Two other sleet-
ing cars were derailed, but remained upright.

"the national independence of
the people of Yugoslavia is the
condition for their road to so-
cialismand their progress in
general."
They called for a "general
strengthening" of the Yugoslav
army which they declared "pro-
tects the freedom and inde-
pendence of the people of Yu-
goslavia."
These declarations were con-
tained in an eight-point program
which Yugoslav Communist lead-
ers have drawn up for the fifth
congress of the party July 21. Its
publication in the party organ,
Borba, came only a few hours af-
ter the Yugoslav Communist Party
had denounced as lies and slander
a Communist Information Bur-
eau statement calling for Tito and
his chief aides to change their
course or lose their leadership.
The fourth flank of the party
program espousing a Balkan bloc
called for "uniting the Albanian
and Bulgarian peoples and the
Yugoslav people on the principle
of national equality."
The eight - point Yugoslav
Communist Party progranm de-
clared for the continued "co-
operation of the federated
peoples republic of Yugoslavia
in the struggle of democratic,
anti-imperialistic forces of the
world, headed by the Soviet
Union, against anti-democratic
imperialistic forces and war-
mongers."
However, it emphasized its ob-
jective of "peaceful cooperation
with all countries who wish to co-
operate with the federalist peop-
les republic of Yugoslavia on a
basis of honoring their independ-
ence and equality in the frame-
work of the principles of the char-
ter of the United Nations."
This appeared to be a guarded
inclusion of the west, as well as
the east, in Yugoslavia's relation-
ships.
Further it dclared its support
of "all countries and all move-
ments" which are "against inter-
fering in the internal affairs of
other countries and for respect-
ing their independence."
In addition it stressed its con-
tinued support of "workers
movements, democratic move-
ments and national liberation.
movements" in Yugoslavia The
Yugoslav Communists thus ap-
peared to be standing their
ground against the Comin-
form's criticism that the na-
tional front, embracing politi-
cal and other groups besides the
Communists, was not sufficient-
ly under the control of the Com-
munists.
The possibility that the Tito re-
volt threatens the whole structure
of Soviet-Allied satellite states in
eastern Europe is under close
study by the state department,
said Washington dispatches.

Bulgaria Sits
On Fence in
Balkan Row
WASHINGTON, June 30-(A'9
-Bulgaria hopefully assumed the'
role of innocent onlooker today in
the row between the Communists
of Yugoslavia and the Moscow
High Command.
This was the interpretation
most generally placed here on the
political double talk which cane
out of Sofia.
The Bulgarian government,
which the Communists control,
said the "sound foundation" of
Bulgaria's relations with Yugo-
slavia are unshaken. But the peo-
ple's front, which the Communists
also control, approved the Comin-
form resolution denouncing the
Communist leadership in Mar-
shall Tito's Yugoslavia.
Sit on Fence
Washington diplomats said that
it is Bulgaria's evident determ-
nation to sit on the fence apd try
to wait out the storm in the hope
of not being struck by any stray
lightning.
It is assumed that this perform-
ance most likely will be duplicat-
ed by other countries in the Rus-
sian-Yugoslav field of conflict,
That would apply particularly to
Albania, for the Communist lead-
ership in Yugoslavia today called
for creation of a bloc consisting of
Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and Albania.
Critical Phase
That proposal along with others
will be submitted to the Yugoslav
Communist Party meeting July 21
when the showdown between Mar-
shal Tito and Marshal Stalin may
reach its most critical phase.
If the Yugoslavs go through
with their suggestions for creat-
ing such a Balkan Bloc-contrary
to Russia's evident opposition to
such sub units in her satellite sys-
tem-both Bulgaria and Albania
will be placed in the spot of having
to choose sides.
While their choice would seem
to lie on the side of Russia as the
great power, Tito, if Moscow can
not bring him under control in
the meantime, would be a tough
opponent to have right on the
doorstep for either country.
Dewey Talks
On GOP' Plans
ALBANY, N.Y., June 30-(P)--
Gov. Thomas E. Dewey promised
tonight that if he is elected Presi-
dent he will "clean house" in
Washington and "strengthen the
fundamentals of freedom that
have made America the greatest
nation in the world."
Dewey made the pledge in an
address to 4,000 Albany and Rens-
selaer County Republicans, who
gathered in capitol park to we-
come him back as the GOP nom-
inee for President.
Standing halfway up the capi-
tol steps, Dewey said that in his
five and one-half years as gov-
ernor he had cleaned up 20 years'
"accumulation" of "cobwebs" of
Democratic state administrations.
He said he intended to clean up
"the cobwebs" of 16 years of
Democratic administration i n
Albany, Dewey observed.
The governor described lasting
peace as the "job ahead."
"The world is looking to the

World News At A Glance
By The Associated Press
FRANKFURT, June 30-Germans will be told by the three West-
ern Powers tomorrow to start forming a German government for all
Western Germany.
It will leave the Russian occupied Eastern Zone of Germany all
by itself in almost complete political and economic isolation from the
rest of Germany.
- * * .
WASHINGTON, June 30 - Western Europe was told
today that the United States considers shipping "contraband" war
supplies into the Russian sphere a cause for halting Marshall
Plan assistance.
* * * *
FUKUI, Japan, June 30-The quake-set fires are out and ashes
cooling tonight in this devastated city of 80,000, stricken Monday
in a quake which destroyed six to eight square miles of this west
coastal silk center.
* * * -
ATHENS, June 30-Front advices said tonight three guerrilla
battalions in northwestern Greece are seeking to surrender. An
official source at Second Corps Headquarters in Kozane said
Greek Armv nficers already have crossed into rebel nositions for

HIGH POINT IN POLITICS:
Daily Recalls 1932 Siege by Students

"Socialists Storm Daily To Pro-
test Straw Vote Fraud."
This head-line, which appeared
on the front page of The Daily,
for Friday, Nov. 4, 1932, probably
marks the high point of a period
in University history when politics
were a fighting matter for the
student body.
The incident began at 10 p.m.
Thursday night with the descent
on the Student Publications Build-

victory over Franklin Delano ened again to forcibly prevent The
Roosevelt, and that The Daily had Daily from going to press. Gil-
knowingly covered up the fact. breth "drew a chalk deadline
He demanded that The Daily ex- across the editorial room and or-
pose this and other irregularities dered members of the mob to stay
of the poll in "an article as long, on their side. They did."
in the same position, and with the While the leaders of the mob
same size headline as the one that "hurled threats and insults at
announced the results of the members of The Daily staff" the
vote." others "lolled about on benches
Cohen's demands were accom- and chairs, occasionally shouting,
panied by "much waving of arms 'isn't this a student newspaper?'"
and loud threats of violence" on Gilbreth's "dead-line" apnar:

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