THE MICHIGAN DAILY
ERP in Action
SPEAKER J. BURKE KNAPP of the State
Department, who spoke recently in the
University's lecture series on European
recovery, pointed out the strings attached
to Marshall Plan aid, and in so doing ems
phasized the necessity of bringing the func-
tioning of the ERP administration into the
full view of all.
According to Knapp, goods are sent to
the 16 participating governments which in
turn sell the goods to individuals within their
boundaries. The funds from the sale of the
goods are kept in a speciaj pool from which
expenditures can be made only with the
approval of both the member nation and
the United States. And the American policy
has been to withhold permission to use these
Basically the plan is sound. Goods needed
for recovery are put in the right hands
and useless, inflated currency is drained
However, the control the United States
gains over the funds, (which incidentally,
can be held onto far longer than the
actual aid benefits last) can possibly be
used to wage our diplomatic war with
Russia. This has been the highpoint of
criticism against the entire EUP plan.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only..
NIGHT EDITOR: FREDRICA WINTERS
Knapp said the state department policy
on granting permission to the member na-
tion to use these funds is based on several
conditions. First, nothing must be spent
until the inflation is licked, because that
would only recreate the situation ERP is
hoping to correct. Also, because the peopled
of member nations see the goods only as
commodities purchasable from their own
governments, the United States wants the
funds spent in private industry or public
projects wherein the people can see ERP
as the gift that it actually is.
However, if the "warm war" gets any worse,
the State Department may find it expedient
to make political use of its financial con-
trol over member nations. Those funds
could go for strategic war fortifications or
"productive" factories turning out guns and
ammunition. Or funds could be released only
upon strict adherence to the "American po-
sition" in the United Nations or tweaty.
Although the State Department would
like us to think that it will use its ERP
power altruistically, it has a powerful
weapon with which to coerce the world
into undemocratic submission.
In order that the people may know wheth-
er the State Department policy will remain
altruistic, all publicity must be granted
to information regarding the release of
ERP funds. If ever we are to pick up the
big stick the people should be aware of it
-and then public opinion will decide wheth:
er or not the step is justified.
-Craig H. Wilson.
MATTER OF FACT:
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP
WASHINGTON - The special session of
Congress, now glumly simmering in its
own juice, will shortly be done to a turn.
This squalid legislative stew will then be
removed from the stove which is Washington
at the moment. Even before this happy
event, meanwhile, one can already begin
to measure the political effectiveness of
President Truman's bold maneuver of calling
Congress back to undone work.
The best test, of course, is the extent
to which the President's maneuver haste
caused Governor Thomas E. Dewey to re-
consider his campaign plans. "Not at all,"
is the answer given on highest authority.
Extraordinary marks of confidence are
in fact the most striking features out in
his retreat at Pawling, N.Y. In 1944,
when Dewey had President Roosevelt to
contend with, he began campaigning early
and continued in slam-bang style to the
finish. In the very different circumstances
this year, he probably will not begin his
first swing across the country until late
September. What is planned is a brief,
intensive effort, mainly aimed to get out
the vote which Dewey feels pretty sure
is his already.
LOOKING FROM EAST TO WEST
AID I' AS oCE
Letters to the Editor.
The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publication In this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they arereceived all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of coD-
* ~* *
To the Editor:
.. , .,
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Ed and Martin
By SAMUEL GRAFT ON
ED RAN INTO MARTIN, his old village
opponent, on the evening train.
"Hi, Ed," said Martin. "Say, who do you
think is being helped the most by the special
session, you Democrats or us Republicans?"
"I think we could each put what we're
getting out of it into our left eye and never
feel it," said Ed.
* * *
"I'm a little worried," confessed Martin.
"This housing bill. A lot of people are going
to be sore at us Republicans for not passing
"Why don't you pass it?" suggested Ed.
"Pass it?" repeated Martin. He looked at
Ed peculiarly, as if this were a totally new
idea. "You mean pass it?"
"Oh, no," said Martin. "You start
passing these socialistic housing bills, and
you got no security left in this country.
We can't keep our free enterprise system
if the government goes around building
houses for people. It 'changes the rules of
the game. It shakes everything up, and
kills your security as a business man."
"Then you have to expect a lot of people
to be sore at you," said Ed. "If that's se-
"This civil rights thing," he said. "I guess
we might lose some votes on that. Do you
think people will blame us if we don't crack
"Well, you might have announced that you
were prepared to stay in session until Christ-
mas," said Ed. "That could have discour-
aged the filibusterers. You kind of handed
it to them when you talked of a two week
session. I think you could have passed the
anti-poll tax bill."
"You mean pass it?" asked Ed, again with
an expression indicating that this was a
"Sure. Just pass it."
"Oh, no, Ed. Speaking for myself, I'd
be worried about passing it. It violates
states' rights. This country is built on
states' rights. You shake up the whole
government structure if you kick out
states' rights. Anything can happen after
you do that. It wouldn't be safe."
"Okay, so you're safe, and a lot of people
are sore at you," said Ed. "If that's safe,
* * *
"That Berlin thing looks pretty bad,' said
Martin. "It's kind of scary."
"Yes," said Ed. "We ought to make peace
instead of living through chapters like that
"Make peace?" said Martin. "With those
Russians? It wouldn't be safe."
"I'm sorry," said Ed. "Skip it. I forgot."
"I don't want you to think I'm prej-
udiced or anything," said Martin. "But you
can't make peace with those Russians.
Why, you'd be worrying every day about
what was going to happen next. There'd
be no security in it."
"Iknow," said Ed. "We have to be safe."
"It's the only way," said Martin. Suddenly
he felt in his coat pocket and gave a small
* * *
"I left my house key at home," he said.
"The family's away, and now I won't be
able to get in."
"Do you mean you lock your doors?"
asked Ed, wonderingly. "Nobody else on that
road ever does."
"Well, you can't ever be too sure," said
Martin. He dug through his pockets, anx-
iously now, and the perspiration started out
of his forehead, in spite of the air condi-
(Copyright, 1948, New York Post Corporation)
The models for this campaign, moreover,
are to be his two campaigns for the New
York Governorship. In 1942, his chief prom-
ises were to "clean the cobwebs out of
the state government and to humanize the
state income tax." In 1946, he contented
himself with promising that the state gov-
ernment would be kept cobweb-free.
This sort of general appeal, calculated
only to suggest that the candidate making
the appeal can do a better general job than
his rival, is always the privilege of the
front-runner in an electoral contest. The
wise front-runner avails himself of the priv-
ilege-because he thus avoids coming into
office with his neck festooned with irremov-
able albatrosses in the form of inconvenient
specific commitments. The polls have just
confirmed the Dewey strategists' convic-
tion that he is out in front. He means to
play it that way until there are clear signs
that the position is changing.
The situation current in September and
October will determine whether Dewey
chiefly emphasizes foreign or domestic
policy. Probably the main emphasis will
be on the foreign situation, unless there
is a violent further rise in prices. In this
event, the Dewey strategists admit that
the memory of a Republican special session
which has done almost nothing about
prices will greatly benefit President Tru-
man, and will force Dewey to fight back
with everything that he has got.
But the Dewey men believe the general
session will not otherwise do their cause
any great harm. They are inclined to think
that a further violent price rise will not
materialize. And the main disputed issue
to date has therefore been whether the
candidate would tour the country by plane,
which he personally desired, or by tran,
as desired by his advisers. The advisers
seem to have won this crucial argument.
(Copyright, 1948, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructivenotice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the office of the
Assistant to the President, Room
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:00 p.m. on
theiday preceding publication (11:00
* * *
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST, 4, 1948
VOL. LVIII, No. 199
Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information, 201
The Proctor and Gamble Com-
pany, Detroit office, will have a
representative here on Thurs.,
August 5, to interview men for
sales positions. Men interested
should call extension 371 for an
Bureau of Appointments & Occu-
ational Information, 201 Mason
The Detroit Civil Service Com-
mission announces openings for
historical museum assistants, jun-
ior and semi-senior accountants,
X-ray technicians, and nurses.
The New York State Civil Serv-
ice Commission announces open-
ings in medicine (for non-resi-
dents also) education, marketing,
Those desiring further infor-
mation should call at the Bureau.
Masters' Breakfast. All candi-
dates for the Master's Degree are
invited to a breakfast, Sunday
morning, August 8, 9 a.m., Michi-
gan League Ballroom. Secure your
tickets at 1213 Angell Hall before
4:30 Fri., August 6. If you wish to
bring a guest you may secure a
guest ticket for one dollar and ten
Conference on Bands and Wind
and Percussion Instruments,
Michigan League Ballroom, 9 to
10:30 a.m., The Football Band
Show; 10:45 to 11:45, Percussion-
ists of Tomorrow; 1 to 2 p.m.,
Band Materials Workshop with
Summer Session Band led by Wil-
liam D. Revelli and Erik Leidzen;
3 to 5 p.m., Drilling the Marching
Band (at Ferry Field); 8 p.m., Re-
cital, Rackham Lecture Hall, Si-
gurd Rascher, Saxophonist.
Ushers are need for the Monday
night performance of the Double
Bill of Opera. All women students
interested should sign up imme-
diately in the League Undergrad-
Student Loan Prints-Students
borrowing Student Loan Prints
for the summer session are re-
minded that the prints are to be
returned by Tues., August 10th, to
Room 206 University Hall. A fee
of five cents will be charged for
each day the picture is held after
,Approved student sponsored so-
Alpha Sigma Phi, Congrega-
tional, Disciples Guild, RobertI
Owen Coop, Sigma Alpha Epsilon.-
Symposium on Theoretical and
In order to complete his discus-
sion of "Recent Developments in
Quantum Electrodynamics," Pro-'
fessor Julian Schwingertwill pre-
sent two extra lectures this week.
They are scheduled at 11 o'clock
on Tues. and Thurs., Room 150
There will be no colloquium on
Thursday evening of this week.
Linguistic Institute Luncheon,
Conference. Lecture on "The Na-
ture of the Tocharian Language"
by Professor George S. Lane of
the University of North Carolina.
Wed., August 4, Union Building.
Luncheon 12:10, Anderson Room;
lecture 1:00, Room 308.
Linguistic Institute Forum Lec-
ture. "Sound: Stimulus and Per-
ception," by Professor J. Milton
Cowan of Cornell University.
Thurs., August 5, 7:30, Rackham
Botany: Seminar, 1139 Natural
Science, Wed., August 4, 7:30 p.m.
Report of Dr. K. L. Jones: "Stud-
ies in Streptomyces." Anyone who
is interested is cordially invited to
Applied Mathematic Seminar.
The Applied Mathematics Semi-
nar will meet on Thurs., August 5,
at 4 p.m. in 247 West Engineering
Building. Professor Bartels will
continue his talk on Variation
Principles in Elastic Plate Prob-
Special Concert: Sigurd Rasch-
er, saxophonist, assisted by Philip
Duey, baritone, and Joseph Brink-
man, pianist, will present a pro-
gram in the Rackham Lecture Hall
at 8:00 Wednesday evening, Au-
gust 4. A concert and recording
artist, Mr. Rascher has appeared
as soloist with symphony orches-
tras and in recitals throughout the
United States and abroad. His
program for Wednesday will in-
clude compositions by Pugnani,
Purcell, Bach, Galliard, LeClair,
and a group of contemporary
works. Professor Duey will sing
three songs by Charles Ives.
The general public is invited.
Flying Club - Open meeting,
Wednesday, August 4, 7:30 p.m.,
1072 East Engineering Building.
All students and members of the
faculty are invited.
La p'tite causette today at 3:30
in the Grill Room of the Michigan"
RE: R. E. Zwickey's letter, The
Michigan Daily, August 1,
1948. I quote: "If one is familiar
with the 'Radio Moscow Line' as it
is heard over the air and then
attends a meeting of the Commit-
tee for Academic Freedom or AVC,
only to hear the line repeated by
the speakers is it then too much to
infer that the Communist minority
stage-managed' that evening?"
Yes, it is much too much to
infer. Using the same kind of
reasoning one might infer that
President Truman labelled him-
self a staunch supporter of the
Progressive Party when he came
out in favor of a strong "Civil
Rights Program." Going still fur-
ther one would find no divisions
in the Christian religion since they
all make use of essentially the
-Louis R. Lavine.
To the Editor:
MR. ZWICKEY, it is the re-
sponsibility of a critic to read
in terms of what the writer is
talking about and says. Appar-
ently you are bent on making
out of me either a Communist or
a near-Communist, and out of my
article an issue between Democ-
cracy and Communism, between
Wallace and Americanism. You
distort my letter. I criticized
Messrs. Alsop, not on the basis
of their views, but on the way in
which those views were expressed.
And true to my purpose, I omitted
all manifestation of my own views.
It seems that for you there are
only two ways to express one's
views. Either in strongly emotional
language (you prefer to call it
"provocative") or by means of
facts." The purpose of basic Eng-
lish in this University is to teach
us that there is a more civilized
and effective medium, and that
the intensity of our writing grows
with the amount of rational sup-
port one can offer.
Perhaps you are right in saying
that the Wallace convention was
dominated by Communists. I
cannot, however, be as credulous
as you. Until satisfactory proof is
offered, I cannot accept the judg-
ment. And I do not consider my
own personal experience in one or
several removed instances as
proof. Finally, Mr. Zwickey, I am
certain that if you were accused
before a court of justice your idea
of a- fair judgment would be con-
erably more demanding of proof,
and quite rightly.
I notice, on the other hand, that
you did not answer the evidence
I have of Messrs. Alsop's faulty
I suggest that before you dis-
credit AVC you learn who the
members of its elected executive
committee are, and what its posi-
tion and activities have been.
Among which are support of the
Marshall Plan, endorsement ofta
resolution condemning infringe-
ment of academic freedom in
Czechoslovakia, and a $1,000 do-
nation to the Community Chest.
Do these, Mr. Zwickey, impress
you as the result of the "Radio
Moscow Line?" For your informa-
tion, when State Government of-
ficials accused AVC of being a
Communist Front organization,
President Ruthven not only denied
this accusation, but added em-
phatically that the organization
does not follow the Moscow line.
And I speak of AVC as an objec-
I realize that all you succeeded
in showing of the original column,
and mostly by analogy with your
own defense, was its "terse, ani-
mated style." But you conclude,
rather thoughtlessly, that it is this
style "which made the article un-
usually good." May I remind you
that Fascist and Communist prop-
aganda also is always animated
and very often terse.
-R. F. Defendini.
SEN. KENNETH Wherry (Rep.),
Nebraska, did not make it
clear whether he was attempting
to be funny, helpful to the house-
wife or just cynical when he sug-
gested the other day that those
who find meat too costly should
Whatever he meant, Wherry's
wisecrack was in exceedingly poor
taste, almost as poor as that dis-
played by Marie Antoinette the
time she was told that the people
of France were in a predicament
similar to that in which the
American people now find them-
--St. Louis Star-Times.
AIt the Michigan...
HOMECOMING, with Clark Gable, Lana
Turner and Anne Baxter.
SURPRISINGLY, "Homecoming" is based
on a fairly adult (for MGM) theme:
platonic relationships between two people,
no matter how well intentioned, are fore-
doomed to failure. However, the theme is so
unrealistically handled that the picture
emerges slightly less than a social docu-
I have little doubt that the sterile treat-
ment is due in good part to Clark Gable.
In common with many of the male stars in
Hollywood, Mr. Gable has the illusion that
his public will desert him if he portrays any
character lacking any of the virtues of an
Eagle Scout. He ordered three rewrites on
"The Hucksters" until the hero was divested
of practically all sin (and all life).
Mr. Gable portrays a happily married
Colonel in the Medical Corps-the most
beautifully tailored Colonel you ever saw,
too. While overseas he falls in love with
his nurse (Lana Turner.). Nowhere is there
a hint that he might have fallen in love with
the girl because she was attractive and
several thousand miles nearer than his wife.
It is disappointing that he made so little
use of potentialities for action provided by
a war locale. Do you remember the won-
derful thirty seconds in his "Thirty Seconds
At the State ...
GREEN GRASS OF WYOMING, with
Thunderhead, Crown Jewel and Sundown.
THERE IS NOTHING to be said about this
picture that hasn't already been said
about its numerous prototypes, all of which
feature many horses, miles and miles of
technicolor scenery, and the good clean out-
door life. It's a dandy picture if you like
any or all of these ingredients, or simply
prefer your Western life from an air-condi-
tioned and spring cushioned viewpoint. Like
a circus, if you've seen one, you've seen them
all, but they're always good for another go.
There is the usual crucial illness and mirac-
ulous recovery in the animal department, the
mountains never change, and the BIG RACE
is carefully calculated to get the entire cast
and the more eager of the audience all
worked into a dither.
THIS PAST MONDAY evening the sixth
program in the current Faculty Con-
cert Series was presented at Rackham Lec-
ture Hall in the form of a piano recital by
Webster Aitken. A creditable performance
of Beethoven's Bagatelles, Op. 126, opened
the evening's program. In this collection of
Bagatelles, the fourth was easily the best
performed, and was very good Beethoven.
The recital continued with Elliot Carter's
Sonata (1945-46). During the course of the
performance of this work, it became evident
that Mr. Aitken was having an "off-night."
Several lapses of memory were forcefully
overcome before Mr. Aitken finally acknowl-
edged defeat, and brought the work to an
With all due credit to the performer,
it must be admitted that this listener was
lost long before Mr. Aitken., Mr. Carter's
Sonata proved to be a little too much for
detailed analysis or description after but
one hearing. Great lengths of it were in
toccata style, and contained sufficient
notes for at least three more works of
equal length. The linear aspect in this
work, as in those contemporary composi-
tions of previous programs, once again
assumed dominance over the vertical son-
orities. All in all, the Sonata was not
without interest, but its great complexity
requires additional hearings for fuller
understanding, enjoyment and judgment,
providing the latter is required.
After the intermission, the recital con-
cluded with a performance of Beethoven's
Sonata in C minor, Op. 111. This-last sonata
of Beethoven is a curious work, in that it
contains but two movements. The first
movement, written at a considerably earlier
date, was apparently intended as part of d
violin sonata. The second movement, Theme
Sociedad Hispanica: The last
meetings of the conversation
groups will take place at 4 p.m. in
the League Cafeteria, and at the
International Center on Thurs.
The fifth Fresh Air Camp Clinic
will be held on Fri., August 6, 1948.
Discussions begin at 8 p.m. in the
Main Lodge of the Fresh Air Camp
located on Patterson Lake. Any
University students interested in
problems of individual and group
therapy are invited to attend. The
discussant will be Mrs. Selma
Fraiberg, Psychiatric Social Work-
American Veterans Committee:
Cafeteria. Supper Meeting, 6:45
Thuis., August 5, in the Russian
Tea Room at the League. Wives
and friends of members are wel-
coma. Plans for fall semester to
be discussed. This is final meeting
of S ammer Session.
Michiga~n Sailing ClubFhal
Summer meeting for all regular
and summer members, 7:00 p.m.
Thurs., August 5 at Michigan Un-
ion. Movies will be shown.
Mrs. Howell Taylor and Miss
Sarah Grollman will pour at the
regular International Center Tea
Thurs., August 5.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Lida Dailes ..........Managing Editor
Kenneth Lowe.......Associate Editor
Joseph R. Walsh, Jr. ....Sports Editor
Robert James .......Business Manager
Harry Berg...... Advertising Manager
Ernest MayerfeldC .Circulation Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively"
entitled to the use for re-publication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper.
Ail rights of re-publication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Enteredat the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
Subscription during the regular
school year by carrier, $5.00, by mail,
Associated Collegiate Press
Mr. Green and the actors went
out the front door as we came
into the barn the back way-
Let them go,
See, Joy? Nobody's out here.
I guess I'mtired.
We've been rehearsing hard.
But my play's success depends
on you two holding the center
of that stage. No mafer what-
Fven if "The Peon's Plight" NEVER
t f nna.. " rrfer , 1 1