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July 31, 1948 - Image 2

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Stone Mountain Drama

South, there's no denying that its ro-
mantic citizenry still has a strong taste for
the dramatic. Witness the recent scene
staged by a cast of 3,000 sons of Dixie, all
costumed in white robes and pirouetting
about a fiery cross. The scene is taken of
course from the nth act of the Ku Klux Klan
tragedy-a tragedy in spite of its farcical
overtones--which was enacted during the
past week at Stone Mountain, Georgia.
As in many previous demonstrations of
their stupidity, Klansmen were moved again
to cheers by rantings of "white supremacy.''
They swore once more to uphold the Con-
stitution and to protect Southern woman-
hood. They even uttered a prayer that "God
grant wisdom and grace" to their leader, a
possibility that seems most unlikely.
All of this was merely an extension of
the old and monotonous story, alright, but
the Stone-Mountain meeting had within it
one feature that lent a very special and
sinister significance to the ceremonies.
This was the fact that the demonstra-
tion revealed pretty conclusively that the
KKK is no longer a regional band at all,
but a national "ass&iation" with national
objectives, operating under a national
chief, or grand dragon, as he is roman-
tically designated.
Evidence for this was adequately supplied
at the assembly by the fact that it was at-
tended by residents from throughout the
South. No attempt was made to deny the
scope of the Klan's activities and Dr. Sam-
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

uel Green, whose training in science seems
to have been grossly misspent, was in fact
introduced as "the official head of the Klan
in America."
That, then, is the story. It should be added
though that the Stone Mountain affair rep-
resented the greatest congregation of Klans-
men since 1924, when the nation was swept
under one of its waves of "Americanism."
That the nation is again being inun-
dated by the same perilous tide is revealed
nowhere so strikingly as in this latest
action by the Klan. And, paradoxically
enough, that same body which espouses
this theme of Americanism most vigor-
ously remains the most dangerous threat
to that very ideal.
It is true that the Klan has never con-
sciously aimed to overthrow the government.
In fact it has been very cautious to reiterate
its pledges in support of the Constitution
and against treason. But this hardly dis-
guises the fact that the Klan forthrightly
endorses fascistic principles and that these
principles, given sufficient support, can dQ
away with our democratic form of govern-
ment as effectively as an army of anarchists.
And still the Klan continues to escape
investigations by an otherwise zealous
Un-American Activities Committee. Intent
upon chasing shadows of Communism, that
Committee has consistently ignored a con-
crete case of un-Amiricanism right before its
eyes. It has very liberally poured tax re-
ceipts into highly questionable investigations
of allegedly Marxist groups without a glance
at the most flagrant abuse of democracy
extant today.
Unless the committee feels that Commu-
nism is un-American while Fascism is not,
it had best arrange an immediate appoint-
ment with Dr. Samuel Green.

[+ ART+
T HE PRESENT EXHIBITION in Alumni gether as different solutions by master
Memorial-Hall gives evidence of another technicians of the problem of portraiture.
of the many services which the University Grainsborough's flashing strokes are so suit-
contributes to its sustaining state. Entitled able to the traces of the Baroque Grand
"Art Masterworks," the exhibition consists Manner remaining in the pose and concep-
of a collection of one hundred good color tion of the' "Blue Boy" but make a striking
reproductions of famous paintings, which foil to the careful delineation of the Ingres.
has been assembled as a joint project of the Other groups are organized on a national
University Museum of Art and the Extension or temporal basis with modern French pai4jl-
Service. The reproductions are to be loaned ing and American examples in the majority
on a rental basis to primary and secondary due, in large part, to the popularity toda3!
schools where works of art, either as orig- of those works for reproduction and collec-
inals or reproductions, are not available to tion in the United States. The five Amer-
the students. ican Water Scenes point up effectively the
The prints, which were chosen by mem- tendency in the American painters toward
bers of the Museum staff, will be sent out by literal realism, from the mid-nineteenth
the Audio-Visual Education Center in groups century Missouri scene of Bingham to the
of two to five reproductions, each accom- contemporary Zorach water color. Other
panied by a brief text written by the Mu- groups of reproductions with landscapes by
seum personnel. Naturally, there must have such French artists as Seurat, Cezanne or
been a limitation of choice imposed by the Hubert Robert are far removed from this
necessity of obtaining prints large enough realistic tendency.
to be effective for teaching and study. This The mention of some of these groups
limitation combined with the very grievous is only to praise the effectivesness of the
shortage and unavailability of excellent interrelations in most of the groups. The
color reproductions of works of art caused written commentaries point out, in a
by war and postwar conditions emphasizes simple and' direct manner, the essential
all the more the success of the Museum in elements in each reproduction and artist.
being able to arrange the many interesting They are written in a style which is ap-
groups. pealing but which, in no way, tries to
The exhibition affords anyone near "popularize" art in terms of non-artistic
Alumni Memoriai Hall an acquaintance or related events, such as the insane acts of
a H a it Van Gogh or the moral laxities of Fra
renewal of acquaintance with paintings, LpaLpi
may of which have been keymonments, This project is another example of the
in our cultural heritage. They are shown determined and successful endeavor of the
in circumstances of grouping which will University Art Museum, the Extension Serv-
certainly never occur for the original ice and other departments of the University
works. to bring all aspects of the arts to the citizens
For example, one can compare, beside one of Michigan, as well as to the students of
another, Gainsborough's "Blue Boy" from the University. The past year of notable
the Huntington Library in California and exhibitions and accessions at the Museum
Ingres' "Comtesse d'Haussonville" from the and the very popular group of "Student Loan
Frick Collection in New York City, although Prints," sponsored by the Office of Student
neither of those collections is accustomed Affairs, represent a similar endeavor to
to lend their works for exhibitions else- make art more than just a subject for class-
where. These two portraits, in excellent re- room creation or appreciation.
productions, are interesting to study to- -David R. Coffin.
f No Ivory Tower

GOP Responsibility
ACCORDING TO THE latest word from
theRepublican big-wigs that wield the
influencing power in Congress, the GOP
is going to scrap the best chance it has had
in the past 16 years, or maybe more, to
make hay while the political sun shines.
It seems that they are going to adjourn
the special session called by President Tru-
man within 14 days and go home to the
bunting and banner-waving of electioneer-
ing. They are not going to take advantage
of an opportunity to show that, after so
many years of reactionary hesitation and
somnolence, they are now actually willing
to prove to their constituents that a plat-
form of vague prqmises can be transformed
into a network of needed legislation.
On four of the ten suggestions for action
made by President Truman, there is some
measure of unanimity between the Demo-
crats and the Republicans. These include
housing legislation (particularly the Taft-
Ellender-Wagner Housing Bill recently
pigeon-holed by the House), increased So-
cial Security benefits under the Old-Age
and Survivors' Insurance System, develop-
ment of water resources and enactment
of a civil rights program. After a charac-
teristic amount of political wrangling,
there is no reason why these parts of the
President's request at least, cannot be
complied with.
By far the most important of thq four is
the civil rights issue. It logically deserves
top priority consideration it will receive al-
though it will inevitably bring filibusters and
time-consuming technical motions from
Senate Dixiecrats.
If the Republicans wish to show them-
selves as honestly willing to accept an elec-
tion mandate, it is their duty to beat down
Southern delaying-actions, pass a construc-
tive civil rights bill and then go on to con-
sider the other three issues on which they
are in fundamental agreement with the
If action is not forthcoming, and the Re-
publicans give up without half trying, it will
be a strong indicator to the Americanvoter
that the GOP is merely trying to ride into
control of the Federal Government on the
shirttail of the fate that shattered the
Democratic Party.
-Craig H. Wilson.
The CP and CIO
W ASHINGTON-Before the end of the
year, and perhaps much sooner, an
event of far more lasting significance than
the present scuffle between the President
and the Congress is likely to take place.
For those in a position to know expect the
whole pattern of the American labor move-
ment soon to be radically altered by the
splitting-off of the CIO's Communist-dom-
inated unions from the CIO.
Ever since Henry A. Wallace announced
his candidacy, and the CIO's Stalinist chiefs
defied the CIO's leadership to support Wal-
lace, there has been no semblance of real
unity in the CIO. What little facade of unity
still exists will be finally cracked by an ac-
tion which non-Communist CIO leaders will
in all probability shortly take.
For the first time in months, CIO Pres-
ident Philip Murray last week visited
President Harry Truman in the White
House. Murray urged Truman to elim-
inate all reference to wage controls in
his message to the special session. Al-
though Truman refused Murray's request,
he did so as politely as possible, and the
two men parted on reasonably amicable
terms. Accordingly, the CIO is expected
within a few weeks to announce support
for Truman.

This action, which will divide the CIO
into a large pro-Truman non-Communist
faction and a minority pro-Wallace Com-
munist faction, will merely formalize the
bitter division which already exists. As soon
as Murray announced his supporst for the
Marshall plan and his opposition to Wallace,
he at once ceasedto be "our great leader"
in the pages of "The Daily Worker." He
became instead the chief betrayer of the
working class, and all Communist appeals
for "unity" abruptly ceased. The Commu-
nist-led unions began at once to fight
Murray's non-Communist leadership.
Everywhere, the Communists in the CIO
have been taking a painful beating. With
Murray's blessing, and the not-too-gentle
encouragement of the non-communist union
leaders, the rank and file have been de-
serting the Communists in droves.
John Green of the Ship Workers has
taken over a number of locals of the Com-
munists' Public Workers. Harry Sayre of
the non-Communist Paper Workers has
been moving in on the party-line Office
and Professional Workers. Walter Reuth-
er's Auto Workers have been conducting
a successful simultaneous offensive on the
Communists'eFarm Equipment Workers
and the United Electrical Workers.
And so it goes. The Communist position
in the CIO has not yet disintegrated but it is
sorely threatened. The most recent evidence
that the next step in the blood-and-thunder
drama of the CIO's internal battle will be a
withdrawal of the Communist-led unions is



c F
Y _ ;; y


Editorial Rounds

St. Louis Post-
GOP Wrecking Crew

is a

failure before it nas really
begun. That is evident from the
statement of Republican leaders.
If that statement were not enough,
the fact is cinched by the an-
nouncement that an anti-poll tax
bill will be the first order of bus-
iness. This means, of course, a
filibuster by the Dixiecrats which
will probably prevail over any at-
tempt at cloture.
Despite the fact that Gov. Dewey
says that Congress should give
careful consideration to whatever
was proposed in the President's
message, the GOP leaders give the
message short shrift. They say
that it would take six months to
give consideration to Mr. Tru-
man's program.
This statement certainly could
not be applied to the Taft-Ellen-
der-Wagner housing bill. That bill
has been studied and discussed in
Congress for several years and
many hearings have been held.
The bill has passed the Senate
and no doubt would have passed
the House if it had not been
bottled up in committee. It could
be passed in one day. To say that
the million new dwellings being
built this year exhaust the mate-
rials and labor available for the
purpose sounds suspiciously like
a lame alibi. After all, the T-E-W
bill is a 10-year program, and in
view of the desperate housing
shortage, it is the counsel of de-
spair to assume that materials and
labor cannot be increased to meet
the need.
Even more disturbing is the
brush-off given Mr. Truman's
anti-inflation program, as to
which the GOP leaders say that
it represents a fundamental dif-
ference in government philos-
ophy between the President and
Congress. They say he stands
for regimentation. If placing
controls to prevent economic
disaster represents regimenta-
tion,, then the same GOP lead-
ers, to be consistent, should re-
peal the rent control law. Let
them dare to do that!
If the GOP is going to continue
to get its philosophy from archaic
textbooks, what is going to happen
to the country meanwhile? No one
likes controlsabutawe had them
during the war and they kept
prices within bounds despite the
tremendous drain on supplies of
all kinds for our armed forces.
Are mere shibboleths to stand in
the way of protecting the country
from the calamity of runaway in-
To say that the President is al-
ready armed with the weapons to
fight inflation just isn't true. They
say he could cut government
spending. Has not the Eightieth
Congress been in charge of the
purse-strings inthe last two years
with power to stop excessive ex-
penditure, if it exists? The budget
is abnormally high, but this is
accounted for by the Marshall
plan and the defense program,
both of which Congress approved.
As to other points in the Pres-
ident's program, no doubt some
of them can await action by the
next Congress. But what good
excuse can there be for taking
no action on the matter of dis-
placed persons, for failing to
pass the much-discussed pro-
posal for increasing minimum
wages, and for extending federal
aid for education -which has
already passed the Senate?
Mr. Truman, it is true, was play-

ing politics in calling the special
session. But it happened to be the
kind of politics that ministers to
the public welfare. The Republi-
cans had two choices: they could
either regard the President's ac-
tion as a challenge and an oppor-
tunity, or they could sabotage his
program. The leaders have chosen
the latter course, and unless they
are overruled by the GOP rank
and file, the country will be the
The people are not going to
be deceived by the GOP position.
It is too transpareently obstruc-
tionist. It has seemed obvious in
the past months that there will be
a Republican victory in November,
but if the GOP leaders' action is a
fair sample of Republican policy,
Harry Truman is likely to make
a real horse race of the campaign.
N.Y. Times
Draft Priorities
WE BELIEVE there will be wide-
spread approval of the deci-
sion reached by General Hershey
in the matter of draft priorities.
The question was whether (as men
are needed) to draw names by lot
from the entire 19-to-25-year-old
list by registrants or whether to
begin with the 25-year-olds and
then work down through the
ranks of te younger men in the
order of their registration. Either
method seemed permissible under
the law itself, since the Selective
Service Act merly stated that se-
lections should be made "in an
impartial manner, under such
rules and regulations as the Pres-
ident may prescribe." After con-
sulting members of Congress who
took an active part in the en-
actment of the law, General Her-
shey has decided in favor of the
second method-namely, starting
at the top and working down.
This method has certain clear
advantages. In the first place, it is
evident that the 25-year-olds must
be called soon if they are not to
out-age the law and thus become
ineligible. But there are other
equally good reasons for following
this procedure. Among the older
men are the wartime eligibles who
for some reason escaped being
called for service during the war
and who are now of the right
age to make the best soldiers.
Moreover, those in the upper
brackets have usually completed
their school and college work, and
starting at the top will therefore
be less disruptive of the whole edu-
cational system than drawing men
from all brackets simultaneously.
We feel sure that the country will
recognize the fairness and the
sound logic of the choice which
General Hershey hasmade.
R EFORM of the Army's courts-
martial system is now a real-
ity and the American soldier will
get a much greater measurewof
simple justice in his brushes with
military law and discipline. The
reform needed to wipe out a long-
established offense to the Yankee
sense of fair play is accomplished
by the new Selective Service Act.
Now enlisted men may sit as
members of the court in the trials
of other enlisted men. While this
will not entirely eliminate the
dominance of commanding offi-
cers, it should have a tendency to
temper brass-hat high-handed-
The new law goes about as far
as is practicable in giving the sol-
dier quasi-civilian status before
trial courts.
-St. Louis Star-Times.

{fY , ,

Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the office of the
Assistant to the President, Room
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:00 p.m. on
the day preceding publication (11:00
a.m. Saturdays).
VOL. LVIII, No. 197
Business Administration: Clas-
sification for the fall semester
will take place dueing the weekl
of August 2-6. Please see the bul-1
letin board in Tappan Hall for in-
University Community Center
Sat., July 31, 12 noon Reserva-
tions for Student Wives' Picnic
must be in.
Sun., Aug. 1, 5-8 p.m. Wivesl
Club Picnic. Imogene Blatchley,
Chr. Everyone meet at Commu-
nity Center to be sure of a ride.
Tues., Aug. 5, 8 p.m. Bridge Ses-
sion. Everyone welcome.
Carillon Recitals: Another pro-
gram in the current series of sum-
mer carillon recitals will be played
by Percival Price at 2:15 p.m.
Sun., August 1. It will include
four Welsh Airs, groups of com-
positions for the harpsichord and
the carillon, and three selections
from operas, Intermezzo from
Mascaggi's Cavaliera Rusticana,
Offenbach's Barcolle from Tales
of Hoffmann, and Rossini's Finale
from The Barber of Seville.
Student Recital: Kathryn Karch
Loew, organist, will present a pro-
gram at 8 p.m. Sun., August 1, in
Hill Auditorium, in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements for
the degree of Master of Music. A
former pupil of Palmer Christian,
Mrs. Loew is now studying with
Carl Weinrich, Guest Lecturer in
Organ in the School of Music. Her
recital will include compositions
by Vivaldi, Bach, Karg-Elert,
Vaughan Williams, and Dupre,
and will be open to the public.
Chamber Music Program: The
String Quartet class under the di-
rection of Oliver Edel and Ber-
nard Milofsky, will present a pro-
gram at 4:15 Mon., August 2, in
Rackham Assembly Hall. The pro-
gram will include Haydn's Quar-
tet, Op. 64, No. 6 in E-flat major,
Beethoven's Quartet, Op. 18, No.
4, in C minor, and Haydn's Quar-
tet, Op. 33, No. 3, in C major. The
general public is invited.
Piano Recital. The sixth pro-
gram in the Monday Evening
series of faculty recitals will fea-
ture Webster Aitken, guest lectur-
er in piano in the School of Music.
Scheduled to begin promptly at
8 p.m. Mon., August 2, in the
Rackham Lecture Hall, Mr. Ait-
ken's program will include Baga-
telles, Op. 126 by Beethoven, So-
nata by Elliott Carter, and Beeth-
oven's Sonata in C minor, Op. 111.
All programs in the series are
open to the public without charge.
University Summer Session
Choir, Helen Hosmer, will present
its annual program at 8 p.m. Tues.,
August 3, Hill Auditorium. The
program will include compositions
by Vaughan Williams, Bennet,

Bilings, Brahms, Beethoven, Hin-
demith, Weinberger, Piket, and a
group of spirituals. Open to the
Museum of Art, Alumni Memo-
rial Hall: Art Masterworks,
framed color reproductions to be
loaned to Michigan Schools.
Weekdays 9:30-12 and 2-5; Sun-
dayi 2-5. The public is cordially
Events Today
The. Michigan Actuarial Club
will hold an outing at Island Lake
Sat. Members meet in front of
Angell Hall at 5:30 p.m. Transpor-
tation provided. In event of rain,
the same plans will hold for Sun-
day. \
Coming Events
Graduate Outing Club meets at
2:30 Sun., Aug. 1, at the north-
west entrance of Rackham Bldg.
for swimming and canoeing. All
graduate students welcome. Sign
up before noon Sat. at Rackham
check desk.
The Hindustan Association is
presenting a program of motion
pictures Mon., August 2, Room 316
Michigan Union, 8 p.m.

The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
jpublication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer'sesignature andsaddress.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
densing letters.
Communist Indictment
To the Editor:

of twelve leaders of the Com-
munist Party will probably prove
to be one of the greatest back-
fires in history.
The action was timed to con-
found the new party at the Phil-
adelphia Convention. If the Pro-
gressive Party leaders took no
stand, or a very weak one, on this
issue, they would have lost much
of the respect of their supporters
and potential followers. This was'4
just what the bipartisans wanted.
Taking a strong stand against the
arrests, as they have, the old
parties are trying to make -of it
just another point on which to,
Red-bait the new party.
It is not, however, working out
quite as planned. The case against
the Communists is so phony, so
clearly a violation of the freedom
of speech, thatthe position of
the Wallace party has been
strengthened by the stand it has
The Communists have been
charged, not with participating
in any act of violence against the
government--but with advocating
the principles of Marxism, which
in turn, advocate the establish-
ment of socialism in place of cap-
italism, which applies to the
United States, since it is a cap-
italistic country. This, despite the
fact that both the constitution of
the Communist Party, and the de-
cision rendered by the Supreme
Court on the Schneiderman case,
makes the "force and violence"
charge inapplicable to Commu-
In view of this, and the'repeat-
ed infringements on the civil lib-
erties of minority groups in the
past year, the position of the new
party on these arrests is the only
one that could have been honor-
ably taken. And the American
people will respect the party for
--Mr. and Mrs. Marvin
H. Gladstone.


The program will include: "Mel-
ody of Hindustan," "Handicrafts
of South India," and "Our Her-
itage." The public is cordially in-
officially ended with the am-
nesty law of-April 21, but now Re-
nazification seems to have set in,
and super-Aryanism is blooming
like the edelweiss. Heart of the
new movement is the Heimkehrer-
bund, self-styled veterans' and war
prisoners' organization.
-The New Republic.
Fifty-Eighth Year



Myth Exploded
ploded the "ivory tower" myth prevalent
about college pedagogues.
He confided to the class that although as
a rule he led a, secluded life, he was not
ignorant pf the ways of the world. "For, once
a year," he said, "I have a chance to learn
about Life-when I read the Hopwood manu-
The Leaning Editorial
SOME OF OUR MORE liberal editorials
have drawn fire on the opposite side of
this page from time to time and frequently
enough so That we're pretty well-accustomed
to it by now. But we had to wince at a
remark one of our own staff members made
when criticizing an editorial by another of
our writers.

,;at one end and shredded wheat coming out
at the other.
Novel Question
FRIEND OF OURS, a languages major,
tells us about an advanced Spanish class
in which the professor asked one of the
older students to comment on the idea be-
hind a novel that had been assigned.
"Well," the lady said, "I've been taking
literature courses for 25 years now and no
one has ever asked me a question like that
Marked Man
A 'STUDENT named Wilson who has been
living out at Willow Run for five semes-
ters feels pretty much a part of the place
by now. Just the same he was a little in-
dignant when he looked himself up in the

Edited and panaged by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Lida Dailes ..........Managing Editor
Kenneth Lowe........Associate Editor
Joseph R. Walsh, Jr. ....Sports Editor
Business Staff
Robert James........Business Manager
Harry Berg......Advertising Manager
Ernest Mayerfeld. Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
A . S
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for re-publication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper.
A rights of re-publication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
Subscription during the regular
school year by carrier, $5.00, by mail,
Associated Collegiate Press




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