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July 24, 1948 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1948-07-24

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See rage 2


Lat dii

40, iiis


VOL. LVIINo. e1a e


Brierly Seep
Law Body
Russian Jealous)
Cited in Forum
Prof. James L. Brierly of Oxfor
University concluded the Univer
sity International Law forum yes
terday with a forecast that Russi
may oppose the work of the Inter
national Law Commission.
Prof. Brierly, who is the Britis
nominee for membership on th
I.L.C., commented that Russia ma
block action on international lav
which has not been expressl
agreed to in convention or treaty
"The Soviet Union is intensely
jealous of anything that might
even remotely impair their sov-
ereignty," he said. The Russians
prefer the 1930 plan of prepar-
ing drafts which have to be ap-
proved by each nation.
Prof. Brierly declared himsel
favorable to restating interna
tional law rather than adhering
to the 1930, method. Under thi:
plan, legal experts in each coun-
try would submit a statement of
what they consider to be the in
ternational law.
"These could be compared by an
international group, points o:
agreement and disagreement noted
and the ground work laid for the
future," he said.
He pointed to the failure in
getting all countries to agree on
conflicting points of law in 1930.
Prof. Bishop, who will leave his
duties at the Pennsylvania Law
School in the fall to teach at the
University, discussed "Peace Trea-
ties of World War II."
"Only time and the course of
subsequent events can tell how far
the treaties adopted for Italy, Ru-
mania, Bulgaria, Hungary and
Finland may go in accomplishing
their purposes," he said.
NYC Settles
Political Feud
O'Dwyer, Tammany
Reach Agreement
NEW YORK, July 23 -(4P) -
Peace was restored today between
Mayor William O'Dwyer and
Tammany Hall.
They reached agreement on a
compromise candidate for the
post of New York County (Man-
hattan) surrogate.
O'Dwyer and Tammany got into
a political slugfest two weeks ago
when the county Democratic or-
ganization's executive committee
rejected O'Dwyer's choice for
Tammany designee and selected
c its own.
The surrogate handles adminis-
tration and execution of estates.
a« The job is important politically
because the surrogate has a wide
appointive power.
O'Dwyer wanted Tammany to
name City Council president Vin-
cent Impellitteri as the Demo-
cratic candidate in the primary
election next month. Tammany
Ignored the mayor and picked
general sessions court Judge
Francis L. Valente.
O'Dwyer vowed he'd do his best
to unseat the Tammany faction
t which voted against his man.
Meanwhile, the names of both
Valente and Impellitteri were en-
tered in the primary.

Today, the two candidates with-
drew from the race and it was an-
nounced O'Dwyer and Tammany
leaders had agreed to compromise
on general sessions Judge John
A. Mullen.
Russian Embassy .
Aceused of Insults
WASHINGTON, July 23-(A)-
A State Department official today
accused the Soviet Embassy of an
(improper activity" in publishing
attacks against United States pol-
Joseph Chappel, an assistant
chief in the Department's Visa di-
vision, labeled as "improper" crit-
ical statements appearing in the
embassy's slick-paper magazine
"U.S.S.R.-Information Bulletin."
Chappel, who appeared before a
Senate judiciary' subcommittee,
referred specifically to an article
in the June 16 issue entitled "On
Soviet-American Relations."
Final Presentation


New Currency Decreed
For Eastern Germany
Marshall Sokolovsky Calls Russian Money
'Only Legal Tender' for Occupation Zone
By The Associated Press
BERLIN. July 23--Marshal Vassily D. Sokolovsky, Russian com-
mander in Germany, tonight decreed the issuance of a new perma-
nent currency for Eastern Germany and Berlin.
It will replace the stop-gap money with which the Russians ef-
fected a currency reform a month ago.
Sokolovsky said the new Russian money would be regarded as
"the only legal tender for the Soviet Occupation Zone and in Greater
This was reiteration of the Russian claim that Berlin is economi-
cally a part of the Soviet Zone-a claim which the U.S., Britain and

Progressive Party
Adopts Rally Cry,
Wallace,_. or War'
Convention Will Nominate Former
Vice-President, Taylor Tomorrow
By The Associated Press
CONVENTION HALL, Philadelphia, July 23--A fervent, new,
"Progressive Party" marched into national convention tonight beckon-
ing to America's "plain people" to choose between "Wallace or war."
Tomorrow, the convention nominates Henry A. Wallace for
President, and Sen. Glen Taylor for Vice-President.
Tonight, keynote speaker Charles P. Howard laid down the
Wallace-or-war choice as what thxis party sees for the future.
The 54-year-old Des Moines lawyer and publisher with 30 years
of allegiance to the GOP, cried out to Americans everywhere to accept
the challenge of new political* * * *

* * *
Clay Claims
Berlin Air Lift
To Be Doubled
Sees Program as
Step Toward Peace



WASHINGTON, July 23-( P)-
The United States soon will
f double the capacity of the air-
- plane fleet carrying supplies to
beleaguered Berlin, Gen. Lucius
1 D. Clay announced today.
f He expects this to increase the
I chances for a peaceful settlement
of the crisis by convincing the
Russians that the Western Powers
cannot be blockaded out of the
The American military governor
in Germany revealed the dramatic
"air lift" expansion program at a
news conference at the Pentagon
Building. Later the air force an-
nounced that it will start putting
the program into effect next week.
Envoy Dispatched
Early tonight Secretary of State
Marshall dispatched one of his top
Russian experts, Charles E. Boh-
len, to London where he will con-
fer with Ambassador Lewis Doug-
las and possibly British and
French officials on the next joint
moves by the Western Powers in
the Berlin crisis.
The first of these scheduled
moves is the drafting of a new
note to Moscow demanding the
end of the Berlin blockade. There
have been some differences be-
tween Washington and London
over the extent to which this note
should hold out hope to the Rus-
sians that if they will lift the
blockade the Western Powers will
be prepared to discuss major Ger-
man issues.
Clay's disclosure topped off two
days of high speed conferences
during which he assured President
Truman, Congress leaders and fin-
ally the American people that he
does not expect the Berlin crisis
to result in war.
Winging To Berlin
"I don't want to minimize the
seriousness of the situation," Clay
said at the news conference, "ButI
I don't think anybody in thisl
world wants war and where no one1
wants war there is a prospect for
a peaceful settlement. The air lift
gives us time to negotiate."
Then he left the sprawling
headquarters of the nation's
Armed Forces and sped tonWash-
ington National Airport where het
boarded a plane for Berlin. To
night he was winging across thef
Atlantic, hurrying back to hisX
post to put the new Americani
plans into operation.i
Briefly, as he reported them,
these are:
1. To throw a big new fleet of
four-engined C-54 cargo planesg
into the British-American ferryc
service between the western zonesr
of Germany and the western sec-
tors of Berlin.V
2. To build a new airport in
Berlin which will again definitely i
enlarge the capacity of the air f
lift by enabling more planes to f

GFrance, as joint occupiers in Ber
lin, have disputed. In disputing it
the Western Powers have circu
lated their own western-German
The Russians today intensifie
their sword rattling in the ai
corridors which Britain's air force
uses in supplying blockaded Ber
lin. The Western Powers pon-
dered ways of solving the Berlir
crisis and the Russians wen
ahead with political moves t
squeeze the Americans, Britist
and French out of the city.
The British said Russian plane
conducted 'bombing practice in
the airlift corridor between Berlin
and Hamburg and also firing ex
ercises in the air. Yesterday, th
British said Soviet yak fighter
planes held target practice in the
Bueckeburg-Berlin corridor.
Sokolovsky's currency rule said
the exchange of newly-printed
money for notes now in circula-
tion would be on a one-for-one
basis. There was no announcement
right away about how much
mnoney an individual or a business
enterprise would be allowed to ex-
The exchange will be effected
from Sunday to Wednesday of
next week.
British authorities charged that
the Soviet air activity was a viola-
tion of flying regulations. They
said the bombing practice was
conducted on an established bomb-
ing range near Kremmen, north-
west of Brelin, but that no such
practice had occurred there re-
The Russians have been posting
"omnibus warnings" of their air
activity in the corridor almost
daily. The British and Americans
regard these as intended to harass
pilots flying into the city.
Retire from
State Race
LANSING, July 23-WIP)--Both
Recorders Judge W. McKay Skill-
man of Detroit and Lt.-Gov. Eu-
gene C. Keyes today withdrew
from the contest for the Repub-
lican nomination for governor,
leaving Gov. Sigler unopposed for
the nomination.
"I have had to face the alterna-
tive," Keyes said in a prepared
statement, "of a bitter primary
campaign in opposing the man
who now holds the office of gov-
ernor and consequently dividing
the Republican Party into two
warring factions, or running again
for lieutenant governor with the
purpose of bringing about har-
mony and peace in a party which
is torn by dissension and strife.
Skillman who withdrew this
morning said:
"The forthcoming campaign for
governor bids fair to become one
of the dirtiest in history. I have
no desire to subject myself to the
vituperation and abuse which
would be heaped on my head."
These developments left Mich-
gari Republicans with no contest
for the choice of their nominee
for the two highest offices in the
tate at the Sept. 14 primary.

New High for
n LivingCosts
Struck in U.S.
Greater Rise Seen;
Talk of OPA Mounts
WASHINGTON, July 23-(P)--
The government's cost of living
index has reached the highest
point in history.
In cold figures, the Bureau of
Labor statistics summed up the
hottest issue for Americans today:
The cost of goods and services
bought by families of moderate in-
come in large cities on June 15
hit 171.7 per cent of the 1935-
39 average. This compared with
129.3 per cent at the end of World
War II.
Worse To Come
Worse apparently was yet to
come, for the wholesale price av-
erage last Saturday set new rec-
ords. It stood at 168.9 per cent of
the 1926 average compared with
the previous record of 167 per cent
in 1920. These wholesale price in-
creases have yet to show up in
the retail price index.
The ghost of OPA was stirred
by the price advances, and.Pres-
ident Truman announced appoint-
ment of Paul A. Porter, the last of
the price administrators, as a spe-
cial assistant to help prepare anti-
inflation legislation.
Mr. Truman is to give Congress
his ideas of how to handle the
situation next Tuesday. What his
plans are in detail, and whether
Congress will regard them as
workable, remain to be seen.
Standby Authority
The President in the past has
called for standby authority to
impose price and wage controls
in 'various fields as needed. Op-
ponents have said that it would
be impossible to regulate some
items and not all. They take the
position, too, that Americans won't
stand for controls in peacetime.
Record breaking increases in the
cost of food were shown by the
Bureau of Labor Statistics in its
June 15 report. Altogether, the
consumers price index was 9.3
per cent higher than a year ago,
28.8 per cent above June 1946
when price controls generally were
dropped, 74.1 per cent above the
August 1939, level.
Ohio Slayers
VAN WERT, O., July 23-P)-
Leaving seven murder victims in
their wake during a 14-day killing
spree, two 22-year-old reforma-


UN HEADQUARTERS BOMBED--A long object which police said was a home-made bomb was
dropped from a small plane at United Nations headquarters at Lake Success, N.Y., by Stephen J.
Supina. Exploding in the air (A) over the highway in front of the UN buildings, the concussion
was near the gate of the Security Council chamber (B) and 400 feet from the main building (C)
housing offices of Secretary General Trygve Lie.

* * * *
Bomber of UN Headquarters
Surrenders in News Office

NEW HAVEN, Conn., July 23-
UP) - The ex-Army flier who
dropped a missile near United Na-
tions headquarters surrendered to-
day and said he was anxious to
return to Lake Success to "finish
my fight for world peace."
With the same dramatic sud-
denness with which he appeared
over Lake Success yesterday, the
36-year-old Ashford, Conn., flier,
Stephen J. Supina, walked into
the newsroom of the New Haven'
Register, identified himself and
suggested that he be turned over
to the police.
Supina produced his pilot's li-
cense to identify himself to the
skeptical and startled Register
men. Later, Detective Captain
Raymond J. Eagan said there was
no question that the Register's
visitor was the flier who dived at
the UN headquarters and loosed
the missile which exploded harm-
lessly in mid-air.
Worried About War
Supina, relatives reported, had
been worried about a new war.
To members of the Register
staff, city editor Charles T. Me-
New DP Bill
In IPreparationi
President To Subm it
Proposal Next Week
WASHINGTON, July 23-(A')--
The White House announced to-
night that President Truman has
completed work on proposed legis-
lation designed to admit 402,000
displaced persons into the United
States during the next four years.
The President will submit the
bill to Congress next week in the
form of an amendment to the re-
cently enacted displaced persons
law which he has described as
discriminating against Jews and
some Catholic displaced persons.
The new bill would raise the
number of displaced persons who
could be admitted to this country
from 202,000 in two years to ap-
proximately 402,000 in four years.
The three other amendments
proposed in the administration
measure, the White House said,
would call for:
1. Elimination of all features
of the law "whose effect is to dis-
criminate by reason of race or l
3. Eliminate the so-called
"mortgaging of the future quotas"
provision of the current law.
Less Wheat Acreage
The Agriculture Department rec-
ommended today that farmers
plant 71,500,000 acres of wheat for
1949-about 8 per cent less thanI
this year's acreage.

Queeney said, Supina asserted he
had dropped the missile to "make
them here and abroad look to the
United Nations for lasting peace."
The New Haven detectives, sum-
moned by McQueeney at Supina's
suggestion, picked up the flier and
took him to headquarters. There
he was booked on a charge of
being a fugitive.
Waives Extradition
Captain Eagan said Supina had
quickly agreed to waive extradi-
tion. In New York, inspector Stuy-
vesant Pinnell, chief of Nassau
county detectives, said the flier
would be taken to New York to-
morrow to face a charge of illegal-
ly possessing explosives likely to
cause injuries.
Supina, who fought in World
War II as a B17 turret gunner,
related that after landing the
plane at LaGuardia Field, he
stayed nearby for about an hour
expecting to be picked up.
When he remained unmolested,
he said, he boarded a bus in New
York for Hartford where hie spent
the night in a hotel.
Dopped Plea
Before Supina gave himself up,
Nassau County police announced
that besides the missile, Supina
had dropped a plea for peace near
the UN headquarters. The plea,
said Captain H. M. Demott, was
written on Supina's Army dis-
charge papers.
The flier, who runs a diner, gave
himself up just 24 hours after a
plane swooped toward the UN
building in a long dive, circled
twiceand then loosed a white,
long object.
The missile exploded near the
ground about 400 feet from the
entrance of the main UN building.
Supina said he was on his way
back to New York to surrender
when lack of funds forced him to
stop in New Haven.
Supina flew to Lake Success
from the Windham Airport, near
his home, where he was taking a
G.I. flying course. An official of
Allied Aviation, owner of the
plane, said- Supina was instructed
to fly close to the field.
Two Will Address
Linguistic Forum
Two lectures in the University
Linguistic Forum series are sched-
uled for the coming week.
Prof. John Corominas, of the
French and Spanish philology de-
partments, University of Chicago,
will discuss "What Can the Indo-
European Learn from the Etymo-
logical Dictionary of Spanish?" at
7:30 p.m., Tuesday, in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre.
Prof. W. Freeman Twaddell, of
the Brown University German de-
partment, and associate director
of the Linguistic Institute, will lec-
ture on "The Strategy of Linguis-
tics," at 7:30 p.m., Thursday in
the Rackham Amphitheatre.,

"The new trails await us," said
his prepared-in-advance text.
"The frontier awaits us. The
rebirth of this nation awaits our
coming. And we are on the
With equal impartiality and
force, Howard waded into what he
called: "The party of the mechan-
ical smile or the Missouri com-
promise," a Congress whose "or-
der of the day was kill, kill, kill"
for civil rights laws, and a Presi-
dent - Mr. Truman - who has
"been long on say-so and short on
Wallace himself listened in and
looked on with a television set in
his headquarters at the Bellevue
Stratford hotel.
A few hours before, he had
bustled into town to say he is
no Communist but that he won't
snub Communist support based
on "an interest in peace." He
predicted a "surprising" vote for
his party but cautiously held
back any forecast that he will
move into the White House next
Tonight's convention program
was mostly one of song and ora-
tory and routine business.
It had one thing in common
with the Republican and Demo-
crat conventions held in this same
vast hall: it was hot. The dele-
gates, spectators, and reporters
perspired in their shirtsleeves or
thin dresses.
The opening speaker was Elmer
A. Benson, former governor of
Minnesota, in his role of chairman
of the National Wallace for Pres-
ident club.
He held out the hand of wel-
come to the "plain people" and
also told the delegates in his pre-
pared speech:
"You can have peace or war,
but it will have to be one or the
"These are the alternatives
which this new party will place
before the American people.
"Without this party there are
no alternatives. There are only
military budgets. Young men in
uniform, and war."
Long before tonight's opening
hour, Wallace rode in on a New
York train. He was grinning lik
a school boy at a picnic.
He informed dozens of reporters
ready to pop questions about Reds
"I can assure you no matter how
hard you try, you're not going
to get me engaged in Red baiting.
And no matter how hard you
try, you are not going to get me
to say I'm a Communist. You
might as well save your strength."
Here and all over the country,
the former Vice President and
Cabinet member said, reporters
have been trying to get him either
"to repudiate Communism in the
strongest possible language" or
say something that would let them
write stories that Henry A. Wal-
lace is "embracing Communism."
So to save time and settle the
matter rights at the start, Wallace
said he wanted to repeat some-'
thing he first said last May.
In that statement, he said that
Communist support attributed to
him in the press and endorsement
given him by Communist leaders1
were a "political liability.''

Agree on Firm
Russian Stand
'Absolute Firmness'
Asked in Berlin Crisis,
PAWLING, N.Y., July 23-()-
Gov. Thomas E. Dewey and Gen.
Dwight D. Eisenhower today called
for "absolute firmness" against
Russia in the Berlin crisis.
Dewey, the Republican Presi-
dential candidate, told reporters
after a conference with Eisen-
hower at the gove'rnor's farm
"We agreed our country must
stand with absolute firmness in
Berlin and at the same time
neglect no avenues toward the
finding of a peaceable solution."
Eisenhower came to Pawling at
Dewey's request. For three hours
they discussed the European situ-
ation in general, the Berlin block-
ade in detail and means of im-
proving unification of the Unit-
ed States Armed Services.
Both emphasized the meeting
was non-political.
Eisenhower said:
"We found ourselves in agree-
ment that in a place as critical
as this (Berlin), the United States
must be firm.
"If it knows its moral position
is correct and that position is in
conformity with solemn agree-
ments, it cannot properly in .this
day and time back up from it."
Asked if he thought a peace-
ful solution of the Berlin crisis
could be found, Eisenhower
"I do. Certainly I believe
there is still no one in the
world mad enough to seek a so-
lution by force of arms."
Asked whether his conference
with Dewey meant he would sup-
port the governor's candidacy for
the Presidency, Eisenhower re-
"I have /not identified myself
with any political party. I think r
reflect the governor's views when
I say we talked as two Ameri-
Questioned as to whether his
statement meant he was not en-
dorsing Dewey, the retired general
"I means that I am interested
in seeing and talking to anybody
who has the welfare of this coun-
try at heart. Frankly, I was anx-
ious to accept his invitation to
come up here and talk with him."
Hawaiian Hop
Set for Today
The Hawaiian Hop, . League
semi-formal to be held from 9
p.m. to 1 a.m. today in the League
Ballroom, will be the gayest so-
cial event of the summer session,
according to Lois Steere, chair-
Palm trees, Hawaiian leis, and
moonlight will carry out the South
Sea Island theme of the dance.
Pineapple-shaped dance programs
will be presented to each couple.
Art Starr's Band
Art Starr's Sextette featuring
Renee Peters on vocals will pro-
vide the dance music. During in-
termission, the Vaughan House
Trio, hula' dancers, a ballroom
dance team and Hawaiian music
will furnish entertainment for the





World News At A Glance

By the Associated Press
NEWARK, N.J., July 23-A U.S. Air Force B-25 bomber carrying
Maj. Gen. Robert M. Webster, crashed and burned today while making
a landing at Newark Airport.
Webster, Commanding General of the First Air Force, and three
other Army men aboard the plane, were taken to St. James Hospital,
where extent of injuries, if any, was not disclosed.
* * * *
WASHINGTON, July 23-President Truman left today for a
weekend cruise on the Potomac River to work on the message he
will deliver to Congress Tuesday.
BELI. ul 2-Mrsal V~v-qlyT7ttnl* * *C, *+w~ ,

tory parollees reached the end of
the trail today.
One, fighting it out to the last,
was shot between the eyes and
killed by a police officer at a.
road block near here. The other,
whimpering, gave up without a
struggle. Their death toll-five
men and two women.
Killed in the final gunfight was
John.West, former Parkersburg,
W. Va., youth. Captured was Rob-
ert M. Daniels of Columbus, who
gave up, ignoring a rifle and two
pistols which lay on an automo-
bile seat beside him.
Sheriff Shaffer of Van Wert
county said Daniels admitted par-
ticipation in five of the seven
killings for which the pair had
been sugwht in Ohio'.,most. far.

Student Play Will Be Televised Today

While several WWJ-TV radio
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