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July 24, 1948 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1948-07-24

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Israel and the UN

THE TWO WARRING factions in Pales-
tine in deference to the United Nations
have laid down their arms and are looking
hopefully to Lake Success for final solution
to their thorny problem.
It is .unlikely that if the United Nations
fails to achieve a satisfactory settlement to
the question this time it will be able to halt
further bloodshed. It behooves the world or-
ganization, therefore, to lend its whole
hearted efforts to this task and come up
with a workable agreement if it would en-
hance its own prestige and prevent addi-
tional needless blood letting in the Holy
The State of Israel is a fact that can-
.not. be denied. Any solution to the Pales-
tine problem must be predicated on that
fact. Failure to do so, in our opinion,
would result in blatant defiance of the
United Nations. Israel will not dissolve it-
self at this date.
As a clincher to right for existence, the
Israelis can justifiably point to their mili-
tary achievements in the recent battles witli
the Moslem Near East. And military experts
concede that, left alone, Israel would be able
to successfully defend itself and maintain
its boundaries.
It is perhaps this fact that caused King
Abdullah, leader of the well-equipped, Brit-
ish-trained Arab legion, to agree that the
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

time was ripe for negotiation. The Egyp-
tians apparently are not in agreement with
him on this, but the claims of Abdullah are
infinitely more deserving of recognition than
those of King Farouk's whose policy of war
is but an extension of a religious crusade, an
outmoded concept in our day and age.
In all fairness to the Jews, the United
Nations should confirm its earlier parti-
tion plan allowing for the establishment
of a Jewish and Arab state in Palestine.
If Abdullah can. establish claim to the
Arab sections of Palestine, he should be
But in no instance should petty power
politics, or pressure by the oil interests of
either the United States or England be
allowed to enter the considerations.
The Israelis are ready by f'orce of arms to
show the world that the day when the Jew
could be seized upon as a political football
has come to an end.
The Jews in the wretched displaced per-
sons camps in Germany and Austria, living
desperately from day to day on hope alone,
are crying for the right to enter Israel where
they once again can live useful and pro-
ductive lives.
This is the first great test of the United
Nations. It should meet that test with de-
cision, determination and justice. And if
needs be, it should employ force to ensure its
execution. If the UN fails now, its very name
will be a mockery and it will be ready to take
its place with the League of Nations as a
grand idea that flopped because mankind
still preferred .greed, privilege and acquies-
ance to special interests to justice, world
morality and cooperation.
-Lida Dailes

At LydiaMendelssohn... At Lydia Mendelssohn ...
CONDENSING ONE of Shakespeare's plays,
as anyone who has tried it will tell you, "THE TAMING OF THE SHREW," a
is likely to lead you into a great deal of highly entertaining production suf-
argument, both from those who insist that fered less from the streamlining process
Shakespeare can't be abbreviated, and from than did its companion piece on the festival
those inevitable few who will disagree with players' condensed Shakespearian program.
youhonitefscenes.dsgIt was difficult to tell whether the cast
The Ohio Wesleyan Shakespeare Players cr the audience had more fun. Paced by
last night attempted to skirt most of the Ralph Beattie's comically swashbuckling
difficltis igh theipestatiosof"Mach Petruchio, the performance was as unin-
difficulties in their presentation of "Mac- hibited as a flea on a bald head. Marjorie
beth" by working in as many of the scenes Kibbler, an awfully pretty shrew, was de-
as possible and by bridging the gaps in con- hghtful as "Katherine."
tinuity by the use of narrators. Even so the experimental element of the
This latter technique, which is being ex-
perimented with for the first time this sea- prators to, thbridge use ofgapobetweenscenes,nar-
son, fell flat in the "Macbeth" production. not successful. The intrusion of such 20th
This can, be blamed upon the fact that the century gadgets as a lady's dress pin, and
niarrators, who stepped to the front of the a Windsor knot, served to destroy the il-
stage and addressed the audience directly, fusion of the play. One instant we are in
wore modern clothing. This sort of thing, Medieval Padua, completely immersed in
interspersed throughout an otherwise per- the action, then we are brought back sharp-
fectly-costumed play, tended to destroy the ;y to the stage of the Lydia Mendelssohn
mood of the play. Theatre.
The production featured, among other Putting the narrator in costume or letting
things, a most satisfactory Witch Scene. Thq, the narration come from offstage would
three hags capered about their kettle in have been a lot more satisfactory.
darkness illuminated only by a flickering The technically annoying problem of
and bilious green light, supplemented by changing sets was handled neatly by direc-
appropriately weird background music. tor R. C. Hunter. The sets, for the most
Richard Snider proved an entirely ade- part, were moved by Petruchio's wierd as-
quate Macbeth, never once letting his most sortment of servant-fools. They shuffled
difficult lines get out of hand. He was par- tables, chairs and foodstuffs on and off the
ticularly effective in Act III, Scene IV-the stage in a circus-like procession, and made
famous Banquet Scene, in which Macbeth it all a part of the action.
sees the Ghost of the murdered Banquo. Bossed by Gremio, played by Jack Launer,
Although we've watched this scene inter- a sort of foreman-fool, the clowns drew a lot
preted differently, Snider's terrified and of laughs. Gremio was a little disappointing.
nearly hysterical Macbeth was 'logical and He was funny, but he worked too hard.
convincing. Donald Eisen, as Battisa, and Kelly Dan-
Lady Macbeth was played by Dorothy fort as Hortentio were excellent in support-
Hancock, whose role calls for a little more ing roles.
than she had to give it. As performed by The timing of the entire cast was ex-
Miss Hancock, Lady Macbeth was arrogant cellent, and there were few if any lines
and sarcastic, but not as resolutely evil a4 lost in audience laughter.
she should have been. The costuming, while not as spectacular
Robert Harrah's Macduff, although we as in "Macbeth," was excellent. Petruchio's
didn't see much of him, was outstanding "wedding costume" and the garb of the fools
among the supporting cast. were sufficiently outlandish.
-W. J. Hampton. -Dick Kraus
e The Word Out West

otes of Dissent
NOTE WAS TAKEN on this page last week
of the ban imposed upon the weekly
magazine, The Nation. The ban was imposed
by New York City's Board of School Super-
intendents, headed by Dr. William Jansen,
on the grounds that it printed a series of
articles which attacked the Catholic faith.
Since that time a tempest of dissent has
arisen in New York against the Board's sup-
pression of a magazine which enjoys a high
reputation elsewhere in the country. A
number of conferences have been held and
statements have been issued by the school
officials, but the ban is still in force.
Aside from the fact that the restriction
threatens the entire press of the country,
to say nothing of free education, the
charge that Blanshard's articles attacked
religion is in itself an invalid one. It looks
as if the Board, operating on a false
premise in the first place, has given im-
petus to a movement that can have some
mighty serious consequences.
It is also significant that The Nation has
since printed an article by Robert Fitzgerold
in reply to Blanshard's series, thereby dem-
onstrating that the magazine is an effect-
ive market place for the exchange of opin-
ion and fact. This alone should be suffi-
cient evidence for Dr. Jansen and the Board
members that the weekly is not interested in
attacking religion per se and that its edi-
torial policy is not charted along a unilat-
cral course.
Banning, it should be mentioned, is not
an unprecedented activity in the New York
school districts. Earlier in the year, for in-
stance, Laura Z. Hobson's novel, "Gentle-
men's Agreement," was restricted from a
high school library reading list.
It would seem, then, that the banning of
The Nation is not an isolated case, but
one which points to a general trend. The
fact that this trend is making itself felt in
the field of education-the very field in
which freedom of expression is of para-
mount importance - is what makes The
Nation incident an extremely pressing
Dr. Jonsen's group apparently hopes to
meet this situation by supporting the crea-
tion of an advisory committee to pass judg-
ment on future controversies arising over
literature for students.
Although such a committee might well
serve to prevent such hasty actions s those
launched by New York's school officials, its
efficacy would depend upon the qualifica-
tions of its personnel. Such a committee
would necessarily be composed of responsi-
Lie persons whose points of view are diverse
and whose knowledge of students and the
effects of literature upon them is extensive.
If such a body of people can be assembled,
well and good. The important thing is that
some measures must be taken now against
indiscriminate censorship of the variety
currently being practiced in New York.
-Kenneth Lowe
A t ill Auditorium ...
FANNY, starring Raimu and Charpin,
written and produced by Marcel Pagnol.
French dialog, English titles.
PRESENTING the most moving tragedy in
a comic form that comes close to slap-
stick-this is the eternal wonder that has
made Raimu an institution on two sides of
the ocean. His pictures have a flavor that
resists description; something of the warmth
and richness of life is in them, as well as
some of its frankness and brutality.
"Fanny," as the latest of this great French
comedian's films to reach this country,

reaches 'a sort of climax in his work. The
story is much, much too frank, even lewd
by Legion-of-Decency standards, even to
have been considered by Hollywood produc-
ers. But somehow the French take the story
of a young girl, who has been left pregnant,
and come up with a comedy more pleasant
and honest than any of the certified-pure
American productions.
Fanny, played by Orane Demagis, is the
unfortunate young lady. Raimu plays Cesar,
the Marseilles bartender whose son Marius
has gone off to sea without knowing that
Fanny is due to have a child by him. Panisse,
played by Charpin, is a wealthy sail-maker
who dreams of a son to take over his bus-
iness, and who snaps at the chance to save
the honor of Fanny and of her family. But
no sooner are Fanny and Panisse happily
married than Marius comes back to claim
the child as his own. The situations de'-
veloped by this simple plot are enough to
provide Raimu, aided by Marcel Pagnol's
expressive dialog, with plenty of material
both for scenes that combine comedy and
tragedy in a manner that can best be com-
pared with the greatest of American mo-
tion picture comedians; for Raimu, in his
own French style, is an articulate Chaplin.
The sound in Hill Auditorium has a tend-
ency to boom, and coupled with Raimu's
rapid-fire Marsellian accent, the dialog was
almost impossible to understand. Very com-
plete titles, however, made up for most of
the difficulty, and those tantalizing un-
translated lines were few and far between.
'-John Morris.
DOES TRUMAN have a chance? By hiO
spectacular action at Philadelphia, Tru-

-Bill Hampton, Daily Staff Cartoonist
E ti




t- n tutist Arrests

Ann Arbor News
Rests With Russians
BEHIND EACH Soviet exansion-
ist move and the consequent'
threat of another world conflict
there lies one vital question which
may well hold the key to whether
there shall be war or peace. Can
the Soviet leaders, with their in-
ternational Communist aspira-
tions, alter their course of action
in the face of determined opposi-
There are arguments on both
sides of this question and history
supports each view. Those persons
who believe that the Russians will
back down rather than go to war
point out that in the past Russia
has changed her way when con-
fronted with unyielding opposi-
Since 1917 the Communists
have shown on various occasions
that they could compromise
when it served their best in-
terests. The New Economic Pol-
icy adopted shortly after the
civil wars was a departure from
|Communist ideology, but Lenin
felt that such a policy was per-
missable for a short period in
order to consolidate Communist
power. In 1928 Stalin cracked
the whip with his Five-Year-
Plan and since then has allowed
no deviation from the Marxist
Party line.
* * *
Soviets altered their policy of
international agitation when Hitl-
ler came to power in order to
maintain friendship with the West
in case of war. Then in August,
1939, the Kremlin switched policy
again while it seemed that Hitler
could offer them the best deal. But
when Hitler attacked Russia in
1941, the Kremlin was quick to
seek friendship and aid from the
The argument that the Soviet
leaders willnot be able to alter
their present course also gains
support from history. It is main-
tained that a dictatorship cannot
admit defeat without greatly
weakening its power over its peo-
ple, that a dictator will throw
his country into a war as a last
resort if he finds his grip slipping.
Napoleon realized in 1811 that
Russia's refusal to maintain a ban
on all British products threatened
his whole "continental system"
against Britain and his plan to
starve it into submission. So Na-
poleon went to war with Russia
and brought about his doom.
* * *
THE KAISER decided on war in
1914 rather than go back on
his promises to Austria. He also
lost his power. In 1941 Hitler went
to war with Russia because the
latter would not accept his plan
for dividing up the world after
defeat of Great Britain. That was
Hitler's fatal mistake. It seems to
be a weakness with all dictators
that they cannot admit failure.
Recent events indicate that
Soviet leaders are faced with
this very problem. They have
made no secret of the fact that
they want to dominate all of
Europe and the Near East, and
to make the Mediterranean a
Russian lake.
The Truman Doctrine and the
Marshall Plan are evidence of
American opposition to such am-
bitions. As the Marshall Plan takes
hold in Europe Russia's chances
of extending its influence de-
creases The question then arises
as to whether the Russians will
admit defeat in their plan to con-
trol Europe or whether they will
risk war to extend their influ-
ence. The decision rests with the
Kremlin. Only time will tell if

. they can hold back and thus avoid
plunging the world into disaster.

N.Y. Herald Tribe
UN Spy Scare
shall has done well to assert
unequivocally that, according tot
his knowledge, there hasdbeenoi
spy ring operating under cover
of the United Nations, and that no
complaints to the UN have ever
been made with regard to im-'
proper conduct by any of its staff.i
The Secretary's statement, how-7
ever, cannot undo the harm al-
ready caused by the irresponsible
testimony of his subordinates.
Members of the Visa Commission,
speaking before a Senate subcom-
mittee, had asserted that "hun-
dreds" of foreign officials and at-
taches, protected by the privileges
and immunities accorded UN, are
engaged in subversive activities.
Mr. William Harlow, chief of the,
department's diplomatic visa sec-
tion, had been quoted as saying
that "every representative of an
Iron Curtain country is here for
one purpose-to diseminate prop-
aganda. Their presence here is a
threat to the security of the Unit-
ed States."
The Visa Commission has
been known before this as a
kingdom unto itself within the
State Department; yet it could
hardly have been supposed that
it would assume the initiative
in declaringthe usefulness of
the United Nations to be vir-
tually at an end and its pres-
ence in this country no longer
desirable. The vast majority of
our citizens, including Secretary
Marshall, have believed that in
spite of all international fric-
tions the UN still provides a
ground where representatives
from both sides of the Iron Cur-
tain can meet in fruitful under-
takings. They have believed it
not only compatible with our se-
curity, but beneficial to the
peace of the world, that the UN
should have its headquarters on
these shores. It is not likely
that the Visa Commission will
be able to change these beliefs.
Yet by the narrowness of its
views and its susceptibility to
current hysteria it may foment
dangerous suspicions, playing
into the hands of those who
urge the UN to move elsewhere.
FORTUNATELY these ground-
less charges are not taken too
seriously out at Lake Success. In
the corridors and lunchrooms UN
representatives are remarking
drily that a world organization,
composed of countries of all ide-
ologies, will inevitably contain its
share of Communists. Among the
majority of our own people, more-
over, the spy scare falls flat. The
presence of foreigners in our midst
is scarcely an unfamiliar or alarm-
ing fact; even the presence of
avowed Communists is not pre-
cisely staggering. The Communists
are here as part of a vast inter-
national enterprise. In so far as
they should seek to indulge in ex-
tra-curricular activities, remedies
and safeguards exist. The remedy,
however, is surely not in extrava-
gant testimony offered by mem-
bers of the State Department,
based on no evidence, and wholly
contradicted by the information
of the department's chief.
BRITAIN'S SIR Stafford Cripps
is being advised by U.S. offi-
cials to volunteer an audit of the
finances of the British Empire, so
that U.S. Congressmen can see
next year where the dollars from
U.S. are going. Those running the
Marshall Plan for this country are
concerned over the feeling in
Congress that Britain is wasting
dollars in the Empire.
i -U.S. News and World

I Report.

Publication in The Daily Official
ulletin is constructive notice to allT
members of the niversity. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the office of the
Asdant to the President, Roo t
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:00 p.m. onip
the day preceding publication (1:00,
am. Saturdays). t
Notices l
SATURDAY, JULY 24, 1948 al
VOL. LVIII, No. 192 A
Notice of Regents' Meeting: The g
next meeting of the Regents will t
be on September 24, 1948, 2 p.m. t
Colmiunications for considerationP
at this meeting must be in the S
President's hands not later than c
September 16e
Herbert G. Watkins C
Secretary t
Women students attending the l
League Formal on July 24 have b
1:30 a.m. permission. Calling w
hours will not be extended. i
Women students in the summer s
session who wish to remain for
the fall semester and have not yet d
applied for housing should do sog
at once at the Office of the Dean I
of Women. e.
Survey Research Techniques:p
Tues., July 27, classes 231 and 232a
will meet jointly at 10 a.m. Room0
76 of the New Business Adminis-A
tration Building. Dr. Hauser andp
Dr. Stouffer will be present to de-a
scribe some of their research. o
Seniors: College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts, Schools of t
Education, Music, and Publics
Health: Tentative lists of seniorsa
for August graduation have beenc
posted on the bulletin board in 1
Room 4 University Hall. If yourg
name does not appear, *r if in- b
cluded there, is not correctlya
spelled, please notify the counter
Survey Research Center lecture:c
"Some Problems and Limita-c
tions of Survey Research," Philip
M. Hauser, Director, Chicagot
Community Inventory, Universitye
of Chicago, 4 p.m., July 26, Rack-i
ham. Amphitheatre.
Linguistic Institute Forum Le-c
ture. "What Can the Indo-Euro-c
peanist Learn from an Etymolo-v
gical Dictionary of Spanish?" byI
Prof. John Corominas of the Dep't.I
of Romance Languages, UniversityI
of Chicago, Tues., July 27, 7:30N
p.m., Rackham mphitheatre.
Symposium on Theoretical andI
Nuclear PhysicsN
Lecture Program for the week
beginning July 26th. Room 150f
Hutchins Hall.
Prof. Casimir continues his dis-l
cussion of "Low Temperature
Physics" with lectures on Mon.,t
Wed., and Fri., 10 a.m.
The concluding lectures on the
subject, "Recent Experiments in
High Energy Physics," will be
given by Professor McMillan
Tues., at 10 and 11 a.m., and
Thurs. at 11 a.m.
Physics Colloquia, 8 p.m., East
Conference Room, Rackham.
On Tues. evening Professor
Schwinger will speak on "Varia-
tional Methods in Scattering
On Thurs. evening Professor
McMillan will discuss "The Design
of the California BEV Machine."
Academic Notices
Doctoral Examination for Ra-
fael Cordova-Marques, Bacteriol-
ogy; theis: "The Effect on Toxin
Production and Growth of Pass-
ing Air and CO-2 Through Deep
Broth Cultures of Corynebacte-
rium Diphtheriae," Mon., July 26,

1564 East Medical Building, 1
p.m. Chairman, M H. Soule.
Doctoral Examination for
Charles Floyd Shockey, Educa-
tion; thesis: "Selected Sanitary
Personnel for Local Community
Service: An Analysis of Merit
System Specifications of their
Preparation and a Study of Se-
lected Training Programs," Mon.,
July 26, East Council Room,
Rackham Building, 3 p.m. Chair-
man, Mabel E. Rugen.
Carillon Recital: The Sunday
afternoon carillon program will
'consist entirely of works by George
Frederick Handel. It will be played
at 2:15 by Professor Percival
Price, University Carillonneur.
Faculty Concert: The fifth pro-
gram in the Monday evening se-
ries will be presented by Gilbert
(Continued on Page 4)

The recent arrests of the na-
ional leaders of the Communist
arty- must be protested as a
ransparent move, carefully timed
o embarass the New Party and to
ay the groundwork for a renewed
ttempt to pass the Mundt Bill.
Vhileour government must be
ble to protect itself against ac-
ual seditionists, the entire back-
round of these arrests points up
he fact that the charge of sedi-
ion has become more and more a
olitical weapon of the bi-parti-
an administration to suppress
pposition to its foreign and dom-
stic policies. One need not be a
communist to defend the right of
he people to advocate social
hange. To grant this right to on-
y those who agree with the ruling
ody is illusionary. The arrests
vhen placed in their national and
nternational setting appear to be
political persecution, pure and
Charges of sedition have been
Eirected at any and all dissident
groups since the time of Jefferson.
t is exceedingly rare that actual
evidence of treasonable activity is
possessed. The past activities of
he Justice Department, however,
and the continued infringements
on freedom by the Un-American
Activities Committee makes it im-
possible to believe that the charges
are bonafide in this case. Because
of this, the arrests can be seen
properly as one more step along
the road of political oppression in
the United States. The Bi-Parti-
san Administration is faced with
an opposition in November that
can be defeat'ed only by bigger and
better Red Scares. An intransi-
gent ,foreign policy is maintained
by characterizing the opposition
as Red dupes and traitors.
The real hope for America in
this coming period is an assurance
that elementary democratic rights
be accorded to all. The govern-
ment is attempting to frighten
citizens who disagree with it into
complete inactivity.
Peace will not be obtained in
the world if the foremost propon-
ents of cooperation with the Sov-
iet Union are jailed. The idea that
these men represent must be reck-
oned with whether they afe in jail
or not. Thse arrests represent un-
willingness to deal with the ideas.
They represent a return to im-
prisonment, intimidation, making
Americans afraid to stand up f)r
what they know is right. These
arrests, a repetition of the Palmer
Raids of 25 years ago, cannot pass
without protest. The Palmer Raids
are recognized today as a shame-
ful episode in American history.
The conduct of our Justice De-
partment under Attorney Geners'l
Clark is gaining the same reputa-
tion but we cannot wait 25 years;
we must see it in its proper per-
spective today or it may be too
--Max Dean
Fifty-Eighth Year


ro the Editor:








On Location
A LOS ANGELES correspondent of ours
has sent us a 'clipping from the Univer-
sity of Southern California Summer News,
which we herewith reprint, not without a
certain amount of pleasure:
In a recent issue the Summer News had a
story about the film contract signed . by
Mickey McCardle, left halfback on this
year's Rose Bowl team.
Not long after this story appeared one of
the Hollywood columnists reported that the
day after McCardle signed the contract and
appeared for work in his first picture,
"Fighter Squadron," he was told by the di-
rector that they were going on location.
"Where?" asked McCardle.
"To Michigan," replied the director, duck-
No comment.
Shades of Silent Cal
Fw THR TTTRT.TCANS win the Presiden-

"Can we have them?" a reporter in-
"No," said Dewey.
* * *
Three Blind Mice
First young boy-Hey, where ya go-
Second young boy-The Michigan.
First young boy-What's playing there?
Second young boy-The Umpire Waltz!
* * * '
Myopic Tag Day
WE WERE WATCHING a bemused young
lady strolling down the campus one day
last week and the ensuing pantomime con-
vinced us of the general need for setting up
a fund for coeds in need of glasses.
On our side of the street a young man
was calling a name which was obviously
hers. She looked around frantically but
didn't sight the male on our side. She looked
on each side of her and then victoriously

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Lida Dailes..........Managing Editor
Kenneth Lowe.......Associate Editor
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Those actors out in the barn theater .
aire eager to start rehearsing. They're
S . . . / . ! J

Yes, "The Call But I was referring to Oscar
of the Wild!" Wilde's "Canterville Ghost"-

The leading roles in none of those things are
really great. Now the play I have in mind-

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