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PAGE TWO

"THE MICIGANIAiLY

WEDNESDAY, JULY 9, 1947

_
; ,:.

A1 5rigan kitg
Fifty-Seventh Year

MATTER OF FACT:
Politburo's Choice

BILL MAULDIN

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

Edited and managed by students of the Uni-
versity of Michigan under the authority of the
Board In Control of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Managing Editors ... John Campbell, Clyde Recht
Associate Editor .................. Eunice Mintz
Sports Editor ..................... Archie Parsons
Business Staff
General Manager ................ Edwin Schneider
Advertising Manager ......... William Rohrbach
Circulation Manager ...............Melvin Tick
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to
the use for re-publication of all news dispatches
credited to it or otherwise credited in this news-
paper. All rights of republication of all other
matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michi-
gan, as second class mail uatter.
Subscription during the regular school year by
carrier, $5.00, by mail, $6.00,
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1946-47
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: NAOMI STERN
Lost Chance
T HE FOREMEN'S STRIKE at Ford's is
over. Its failure must be laid at the
feet of the United Auto Workers who chose
to sacrifice the foremen to further their
own immediate aims, apparently without
realizing that they were weakening their
own position and that of labor generally.
The 47 day strike of the 3,800 Foremen's
Association of America members ended af-
ter the company withdrew its recognition
in anticipation of the Taft-Hartley Law and
the UAW refused to lend its support to the
independent union by respecting its picket
lines.
Despite the protestations of the NAM,
the very existence of the strike and its
failure demonstrates that the foremen
have no voice in the determination of
management's policies. Their member-
ship in the FAA and 'their strike to ob-
tain exclusive collective bargaining rights
are irrefutable indications that they as-
sociate their interests with the interests
of labor. Now, however, they are left
with no voice of their own, either through
management or through collective bar-
gaining.
It is ironic that the UAW which has been
one of the strongest opponents of the Taft-
Hartley Law forewent an opportunity to
help its fellow workers and by so doing
helped to further the objectives of the la-
bor-curbing legislation.
The foremen asked the UAW to respect
their picket lines. Had the UAW support-
ed them it is very possible that the FAA
could have successfully completed nego-
tiations with the company. Instead, the
UAW dodged the issue by weakly offering
to mediate the dispute and by delaying a
final decision about respecting the picket
lines until the foremen were forced to re-
turn to work in defeat.
The choice of the UAW was a difficult
one to be sure. The union was negotiat-
ing a new contract with Ford and the
equivalent of a sympathy strike might
have jeopardized the installation of the
pension plan which was under consider-
ation.
However, the UAW adopted a short range
view when it permitted the 'foremen's union
to die, a decision which many of its own
members will have cause to regret when
they become foremen and are placed in the
same ignominious position in which the pres-
ent FAA members now find themselves. It
missed an opportunity to strengthen its own
hand by supporting the foremen's union,
thus uniting all of the Ford workers in
spite of the Taft-Hartley Law.
Recent anti-labor legislation has demon-
strated that the future of the laboring man
is dependent upon the development of a

united labor movement. The UAW's failure
to act when presented with an opportunity
to further that unity will, in the long run,
work only to its own detriment.
Allegra Pasqualetti
--Tom Walsh
HAWAII IS THE most self-reliant of all
our territories. Its level of living is above
the average on the mainland, its educational
system is superior, and its labor laws pro-
gressive. Despite the diverse origins of its
population, Hawaii has been admirably suc-
cessful in applying democratic principles of
racial equality.
As inhabitants of a Territory, Hawaii's
citizens cannot vote for the President, al-
though in many respects they have the same
privileges and obligations as the citizens of
the states. They are represented in the Con-
gress by a popularly elected delegate, who

By JOSEPH AND STEWART ALSOP
INTELLIGENCE REPORTS so detailed
that they can no longer be disregarded
have reached Washington, to the effect that
an international brigade, under Comintern
auspices, is being organized to fight in
Greece. Observers here recognize the pre-
ponderant long-term importance of the
European reception of the Marshall plan.
But they believe that for the short term the'
northern Greek border area is easily the
most important and explosive friction point
in the world today.
In Greece the Soviets are faced with the
same hard choice, on a much larger scale.
as confronted them in northern Iran last
autumn. In view of the immense risks of
any other course, the Politburo strategists
can decide to cut losses and pull out, as
they did in Iran. Or they can intensify the
effort to capture Greece, using the now
forming international brigade as their chief
instrument. It would be difficult to ex-
P0hteg'
Pe # T
EVERYONE HAS A THEORY about the
"Flying Saucers." In line with the cur-
rent journalistic trend, most of us over here
at The Daily have developed our own petty
theories. We air them casually, tossing
them in with the latest baseball scores and
circulation complaints-the usual meaty
topics that give a newspaper office that
informal-but-harried atmosphere.
But we're in no hurry to let you in on
our own theory. Like most people we fol-
low -the screaming headlines. During the
past week, as John L. and the mine oper-
ators stayed up late nights trying to figure
a way out-long boring nights to those of
us who hover over the teletype looking in
vain for a banner story for the next day-
desperate editors pushed the "flying sauc-
ers" up to the top of the front page. Day
after day the stories read: "The outbreak
of flying saucers spread yesterday to--".
Everyone who sees a saucer or is able
to convince himself that "it must have
been one of those flying saucers" gets his
name in the paper. And if your room-
mate makes off with the sports page,
you'll read about those fortunate few who
SAW. Then you dream up a theory, or
if you are a newspaperman you will fig-
ure out an "angle" and maybe interview
somebody. An interview is a sure-fire
story, especially if it is with a university
professor who doesn't mind too much if
you twist things around to get the "read-
er interest" into otherwise prosaic re-
marks.
We can pretty well split the theorists into
two groups-those who think: "I know it
sounds funny, but there must be SOME-
THING to it," and the others who think
everyone else is crazy or "seeing things."
Chasing down the latter possibilities we
have heard that the saucers are nothing
more than the new experimental craft de-
veloped by the Navy-but the Navy says it
is completely puzzled by the saucers and
that the new plane never left Connecticut.
Another theory is that the saucers are Rus-
sian spies-this despite a sworn statement
by one housewife they they fly the Ameri-
can flag. But one of the more plausible
theories suggests that it is merely an in-
vasion from Mars. Could be a pleasure
cruise at that.
The "insanity" school of thought con-
tends that the saucers could easily be 1)
cloud wisps reflecting light, 2) P-80's re-
flecting light, 3) balloons reflecting light,
4) birds reflecting light. This group is
known in more intellectual circles as the
"Eveready" school. But all this light

does not help one bit.
At latest reports the advance guard of
the "saucer" fleet had reached Copenhagen.
Flying Danish flags, no doubt.
AS NEWSPAPER REPORTERS, even in
the limited collegiate sense, we feel im-
pelled to cling tenaciously to all the higher
concepts of the human race. We try not
to insult our readers. At a time like this,
we are inclined to believe that, even though
the "saucer" story has been inflated as the
result' of spreading hysteria and practical
jokers-and newspapers like ours, to some
small extent-so many people just can't be
so near-sighted all at once. Yes, and we
say it proudly, we belong to the "sucker"
school.
Somebody has been reading too many
comic books. We don't want to stick our
neck out, because there is such a thing as
libel. That's one thing even our proof-
readers know. But we don't have to tell
you who in the United States today is the
person most likely to devise some fiend-
ish, 20th. century distraction for the sole
purpose of confusing and scaring people,
embarrassing officialdom and inflating
his own Hollywood ego. Come to thing
of it, he's a "New Deal" Democrat too.
Yf may- n a nf#a hin-iPC hazi-:s'n

aggerate the gravity of the consequences if
the Politburo makes the second choice.
The key figure in the organization of
the international brigade is the Greek
Communist and guerrilla leader, Nicholas
Zachariades. Zachariades went to Mos-
cow in the twenties, and there took the
long hard Comintern schooling until 1935,
when he returned to Greece. In the Sov-
iet Union he knew, and became friendly
with, such other Comintern graduates as
France's Jacques Duelos, Italy's Palmira/
Togliatti and Yugoslavia's Josef Broz,
now Marshal Tito. These old school
friendships are now standing Zachariades
in good stead.
According to reports, Duclos is sponsoring
the clandestine training of the internation-
al brigade, which includes a sprinkling of
veterans of the old international brigade
which fought in Spain. Training is being
carried on in the south of France, largely
in the "recreational centers" of the Com-
munist-run General Confederation of La-
bor. When preliminary training is com-
pleted, old school friend Duclos hands over
to old school friend Togliatti. In small
batches the men are shipped to northern
Italy, usually to Genoa, where Togliatti's
organization takes over. They are quietly
conducted across northern Italy to the Adri-
atic, where they are shipped to Yugoslav
ports. Then it is the turn of old school
friend Tito, who has at his disposal ample
facilities for completing the men's train-
ing. A portion of the brigade is known to
have arrived in Yugoslavia, but none of
them has yet crossed the Greek frontier.
That isawaiting the final decision of the
Politburo.
The trend of the Politburo's thinking was
perhaps reflected in a recent Communist
strategy meeting held in Strasbourg, France,
after Secretary Marshall made his historic
proposal. Zachariades, who crosses bor-
ders without difficulty, was secretly present
at this meeting. However, he allowed an
aide, Porfyrogennis, to speak for him. Por-
fyrogennis announced that it might be ne-
cessary to establish a "free Greek govern-
ment" in a "free Macedonia," to counter
the reactionary government in Athens. This
pronouncement of an obscure Greek Com-
munist is regarded in Washington with the
utmost gravity. If carried through, it will
mean that Governor Dwight Griswold, the
chief of the American mission to Greece,
will face on his arrival, or shortly there-
after, an all-out evil war, backed more or
less openly by the Soviets, through the
employment of the Comintern-organized
international brigade.
Zachariades is believed to have spon-
sored the formation of the brigade simply
because there have recently been increas-
ing signs of disaffection and loss of mor-
ale in the guerrilla ranks. The brigade
would be designed to provide the necess-
ary stiffening and leadership. If the
Politburo decides in the end to take the
desperate gamble of throwing the brigade
into action, the United States will then be
faced with a crucial decision. Either this
country can rely on the ineffective Greek
army to protect the American political in-
vestment in Greece. Or the United States
can itself take whatever measures may
be necessary to protect that investment.
That might well mean the sending of
American troops to Greece. And it is all
too easy to see where such a step might
lead.
Yet competent observers here are fairly
hopeful that this terrible choice may still
be avoided. They lend the utmost signifi-
cance to the Soviet reaction to the proposal
of the United Nations Balkan Commission.
Except for the Soviet and Polish members,
this commission unanimously recommend-
ed that a United Nations border commis-
sion be established to guarantee the Greek
frontiers. If the Soviets abstain from vot-
ing when the proposal comes up before the,
Security Council, this will be taken to mean
that the Soviet leaders have decided as they
decided last autumn on Iran that at least
temporarily it is the better part of wisdom

to abandon the drive on Greece. If the
Soviets veto, this will be taken to mean that
the drive is to be intensified and the inter-
national brigade is to be thrown into ac-
tion.
The British delegate to the United Na-
tions recently remarked that if the Balkan
Commission proposals were set aside, the
United Nations "might as well pack up." A
Soviet veto of the proposals may have an
even more ominous significance.
(Copyright 1947, New York Herald Tribune)

"Darling! Then you didn't mean it when you left me in 1941!"
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT :
A nti-Foreign Patter

1.

By SAMUEL GRAFTON .
A NEW LINE of anti-foreign
patter is evolving. Let me
give you some samples, which I
have drawn from radio forums,
letters to the editor, conversa-
tions in the steam room and talks
with dinner partners whom it
seemed inadvisable to insult. It
goes like this:
"Prices are high because we are
shipping so much stuff abroad,"
But, one points out, we are only
sending seven percent, or what-
ever it is, of our food.
"It's the top seven percent that
makes all the difference in boost-
ing prices."
But we ourselves are eating
perhaps twenty-five percent more
than before the war. Maybe we
could eat seven percent less at
home, and cancel out this big
menace?
"Why should we d6 that for the
sake of those socialists in Eng-
land?"
(This tactic is known as the
switch; when cornered on one
prejudice, you skip lightly to an-
other. The switch distinguishes
true patter from all other forms
of rhetoric.)
It would be a mistake to un-
derestimate the vigor with
which Republicans, especially,
are pushing this new thory. A
new anti-foreign legend is in
the making. It is one which will
cozily blame all domestic in-
balance, including inflation, on
Existence
The 1947 visitor finds Europe
abstracted and preoccupied. The
Frenchman has always been
rather aloof from foreigners, the
Englishman complacent towards
them, and the German, splitting
his back as easily as his person-
ality, ready to lick their boots
when he cannot order them
around. Today such varying
symptoms are transcended by one
state which is uiniversal-com-
plete absorbtion in the problem
of how to live.
Evei y minute is dedicated to
scrounging enough food, cloth-
ing and fuel to carry through the
next 24 hours. Little energy is
left for noticing what foreign na-
tions think and say or for com-
plicated reasoning and farsight-
ed planning to please them and
suit their requirements, even if
they are benefactors and masters
of the atom.
When you are as worried as
Europe about bare essentials of
existence, you are not much in-
terested in ideas. As for the
atom bomb, it is comprehended
in Europe even less than in Amer-
ica.
-Hamilton Fish Armstrong
in Foreign Affairs Quarterly

the stranger outside the gates.
Here is another variation:
"The Russians are doing it.
They are deliberately keeping
Europe poor so that we will
have to send a lot of stuff and
go broke ourselves. It's a clev-
er way of bleeding us."
But, one murmurs, the Rus-
sians aren't very fond of our re-
lief plans. They are afraid we
are gaining too much influence
and power because of them, or
so they say.
"Well, it's just another version
of the New Deal. Spend and
spend. Only this time we're giv-
ing it to foreign politicians in-
stead of to Americans."
(The switch, again.)
I am convinped that this myth
will play a big part in the next
campaign. Our exports (only
part of which are gifts) will be
blamed for our high price level.
There is just enough truth in the
argument, as regards some of the
basic grains, to permit the addi-
tion of a vast amount of embroi-
dery, so that finally the hungry
foreigner will be blamed when-
ever an American gouges another
American on a deal of any kind.
The fact that we killed price con-

Publication inThe Daily Officiai
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the office of the
Summer Session, Room 1213 Angell
Hall, by 3:00 p.m. on the day pre-
ceding publication (11:0 a.m. Sat-
urdays).
WEDNESDAY, JULY 9, 1947
VOL. LVII, No. S10
Notices
Graduate Students who are ex-
pecting to receive degrees at the
end of the Summer Session are
reminded that diploma applica-
tions must be filed with the Re-
corder before Friday noon, July
11. Applications may be obtained
at the Information desk in the
Graduate School Office.
Teacher Placement:
Rehabilitation Service, Herman
Kiefer Hospital, Detroit, has an
opening for Rehabilitation Coun-
selor I. For further information
call at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall.
Civil Service:
State of New York Department
of Civil Service has announced a
program of internship in Pub-
lic Administration. Applications
and further information a r e
available at the Bureau of Ap-
pointments.
The U.S. Civil Service Commis-
sion, Washington, D.C. announces
an examination for Photographer
(Grades CAF-3 to CAF-7). The
appointments will be located in
Washington, D.C., Virginia, and
Maryland.
Approved social events for the
coming week-end: (afternoon
events are indicated by an aster-
isk): July 11-Mosher Jordan;
July 12-Acacia, Alpha Kappa
Psi, Delta Tau Delta, Graduate
Student Council, Phi Delta Phi,
Sigma Alpha Epsilon, The Law-
yer's Club, Robert Owen Cooper-
ative House; July 13-*Summer
Session Choir.
Registration Blanks may be ob-
tained at the University Bureau of
Appointments and Occupational
Information, 201 Mason Hall on
Tuesday, Thursday and Friday.
Office hours are: 9 to 12; 2 to 4.
Those interested in securing posi-
tions in the immediate future are,
urged to register with the Bureau
it once, This applies to both the
General Placement and Teacher
Placement divisions of the Bur-
eau.
Canadian undergraduate stu-
dents: Application blanks for the
Paul J. Martin Scholarship for
Canadian undergraduate students
may be obtained at the Scholar-
ship Office, Room 205, University
Hall. To, be eligible a student
must have been enrolled in the
University for at least one sem-
ester of the school year 1946-47.
All applications should be returned
to that office by Wednesday, July
16, 1947.
The scholarship will be assigned
on the basis of need and super-
ior scholastic achievement.
Deadline for Vetrans' Book and
Supply Requisitions. August 22,
1947 has beensset as the deadline
for the approval of Veterans' Book
and Supply Requisitions for the
Summer Session-1947. Requisi-
tions will be accepted by the book
stores through August 23, 1947.
College of Literature, Science
and the Arts, Schools of Educa-
tion, Forestry, and Public Health:
Students who received marks of
I, X or 'no report' at the close of
their last semester or summer
session of attendance will receive
a grade of E in the course or
courses unless this work is made
up by July 23. Students wishing
an extension of time beyond this

date in order to make up this
work should file a petition ad-
dressed to the appropriate official
in their school with Room 4 U.H.
where it will be transmitted.
Edward G. Groesbeck
Assistant Registrar
Meeting of the Theoretical
Physics Colloguim: Will be held
on Tuesday:and Thursday eve-
nings at 7:30 p.m. On Tues-
day the meeting will be held in
the East Conference Room and

on Thursday evening in the West
Conference Room of the Rack-
ham Building.
Fraternity and sorority presi-
dents of houses operating during
the summer are requested to sub-
mit a membership report imme-
diately. Forms may be secured
in theOffice of Student Affairs,
Room 2, University Hall.
We still need sopranos and altos
in the University Chorus which
meets at 3:00 p.m. in Haven Hall.
Come today.
The Political Science 2 makeup
exam will be given Monday, July
14 from 2-5 in room 2037 A. H.
International Center: Larrguage
tables will convene at the In-
ternational Center for the week-
ly, informal Thursday Tea, July
10, at 4:30 p.m. All interested
persons are cordially invited to
attend.
A Square Dancing Class, spon-
sored by the Graduate Outing
Club, will be held Thursday July
10th at 7:45 p.m. in the Lounge of
the Women's Athletic Building.
Everyone welcome. A small .fee
will be charged.
Phi Chapter of the Omega Psi
Phi Fraternity will hold its first
summer meeting/Wednesday July
9, 1947 in the Michigan Union. All
brothers are urged to be present.
There will be a special meeting
of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity to
complete plans for the Summer
Session on Thursday, July 10, at
7:00 p.m. at the Union.
Delta Kappa Gamma, honorary
education society, will hold a pic-
nic at North Lake on Friday, July
11. All members who are on the
campus this summer are invited
to attend. Transportation will be
provided. Reservations should be
given to Miss Sarita Davis, Uni-
versity Elementary School, phone
4121, Extension 360, or 5382, by
Wednesday, July 9.
German Club picnic will be held
Wednesday, July 9, with swim-
ming, games, and refreshments.
Students will meet at the Univ.
Hall parking lot at 5 p.m. Please
make reservations at the depart-
mental office, 204 Univ. Hall by
noon, Tues., July 8.
La p'tite causette meets on
Tuesdays and Wednesdays-at 3:30
in the Grill Room of the Michi-
ga~n League and on Thursdays at
4:00 in the International Center.
All students interested in inform-
al French conversation are cor-
dially invited to join the group.
The French Club will hold its
third meeting on Thursday, July
10, at 8 p.m. in the second floor
Terrace Room of the Michigan
Union. Games, modern French
songs, refreshments. All students
interested are cordially invited.
Lectures
Professor Walter L. Wright, Jr.,
Professor of Turkish Language
and History, Princeton University,
will give a lecture, "A Near East
Policy in the Making," Thursday,
July 10, 4:10 p.m., Rackham Am-
phitheatre. This is a lecture in
the Summer Lecture Series, "The
United States in World, Affairs."
The public is invited.
Dr. Yuen-li Liang, Director of
the Division of the Development
and Codification of International
Law, United Nations, will give a
lecture on "International Law,
the United States, and the United
Nations" Monday, July 14, 8:10
p. m. Rackham Amphitheatre.
This is a lecture in the Summer

Lecture Series,- "The United
States in World Affairs." The
public is invited.
Professor John N. Hazard, Pro-
fessor of Public Law, Columbia
University, will lecture on "The
United States and the Soviet Un-
ion: Ideological and Institutional
Differences," Tuesday, July 15,
4:10 p.m., Rackham Amphithea-
tre. This is a lecture in the Sum-
mer Lecture Series, "The United
States in World Affairs." The
public is invited.
Major General John H. HIll-
dring, U.S.A. (Ret.), Assistant
Secretary of State, U.S. Depart-
ment of State, will give a lecture,
"What is our Purpose in Ger-
many?", Wednesday, July 16, at
8:10 p.m., Rackham Lecture Hall.
This is a lecture in the Summer
Lecture Series, "T h e United
States in World Affairs." The
public is invited.
Professor Gottfried S. Delatour,
Visiting Professor of Sociology,
Columbia ,University, will lecture
on "The Problem of Internation-
al Understanding," Thursday,
July 17, 4:10 p.m., Rackham Am-
phitheatre. This is a lecture in
the Summer Lecture Series, "The
United States in World Affairs.

trol will be forgotten. I
sample:
"Why should anybody
car to an American for
when he can get $4,000
abroad?"
But, one protests, we
really sending m a n y

give a
sell a
$2000
for It
aren't
cars

abroad. Less than six percent of
our production.
"That's what makes the dif-
ference. Take six percent off
the market, and that leaves a
hole, and people bid cars up
here at home."
But wouldn't cars be almost as
short as they are now, and
wouldn't there be almost as much
bidding up, even if we kept the
six percent?
"Those foreign countries ought
to stop depending on us. They're
just getting into the habit."
Those who use this argument
seem to dodge when the question
is bluntly put as to whether we
ought to cut off foreign ship-
ments to reduce our own prices.
I heard a Republican Congress-
man, Buffett of N e b r a s k a,
squirming under this challenge,
on the American Forum of the
Air the other night, from which
show also come some of the other
quotes above.
"I don't say we ought to stop
sending stuff," he said. "I think
we ought to slow down."
Slowing down, it was point-
ed out, wouldn't change the
picture much.
"Well, we ought to slow down
very sharply."
That's what the man said.
(Copyright 1947, New York Post Corp.)

BARNABY...

I'm sorry, son. But we won't
hove any room at the seashore
for that imaginary pixie.. .
He can keep. house right here,
- a

Besides, we're inviting
Jane to come along. .
You like her, don't you?
r1

-!

IYes. But .,.
4.4
I Ay

My Fairy Godfather's
going to be awfully
disappointed, Pop-
~ r'

Bythesea, b the sea, V
EAUIFUL SEA /
0

4

I i

cwlk Pik

t

_

I

---- .. i

I

f,,uV:.« IMW

- I

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