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July 09, 1947 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1947-07-09

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POLITBURO'S
CHOICE
See Page 4

*6
Lwr

~Iai41

FAIR,
COOLER

Latest Deadline in the S ,ate
VOL.. LVI, No. 10S ANN ARBOR, IMCHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 9, 1947

PRICE FIVE CENTS

House Votes
Income Tax
Slash Agaain
Bill Passel With
Large Majority
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 8-The
Republican-backed $4,00,000,000
income tax reduction for 49,000,-
000. taxpayers sailed through the
House' again, today by an over-
whelming vote of 302 to 112. This
is 26 more than the two-thirds
needed to override a second presi-
dential veto.
Speakers Martin (Rep., Mass.)
personally took the floor and ask-
ed the body to make its vote s
decisive "as to persuade the
President that the people should
have this delayed justice."
The measure was tossed over to
the Senate, where Republican
leaders said they hope to rush it
again to President Truman's desk
before the week ends.
Say Veto Certain
Some Democratic leaders said
another veto is certain.
The measure is identical with
the one the President returned
June 16 as "the wrong kind of
tax reduction at the wrong time"-
except that the effective date of
the tax cut has been changed from
July 1, 1947, to January 1, 1948.
While a veto-overriding vote
rolled up in the House, specula-
tion flared to a feverish pitch on
the big question:
Can such a two-thirds vote be
obtained in the Senate to over-
throw another presidential objec-
tion?
No one yet has named two-
thirds of the Senators who will
vote to override a veto.
Substitute Bill
Immediately after the House
action, Senator Lucas (Dem., Ill.)
introduced a substitute bill in the
Senate which he contended would
emphasize relief for the people
with low incomes instead of "high
tax; savings to the high income
groups.
Lucas' bill would raise the per-
sonal exemption for taxpayers and
their dependents from $500 a piece
to $650, and would reduce each
sur-tax rate by four percentage
points.
He said he might press his sub-
stitute when the Senate finance
committee meets tomorrow on the
House bill, and certainly would do
so on the floor.
Predicts Will Clear Bill
Finance chairman Millikin
(Rep., Colo.) predicted confidently
that the committee will clear the
House bill tomorrow. It will be
taken up in the Senate after the
Army-Navy Unification Bill is out
of the way-possibly Thursday.
In today's roll call on passage,
233 Republicans were joined by 69
Democrats in support of the bill.
Opposing were 109 Democrats and
two Republicans-Hull of Wis-
consin and H, Carl Andersen of
Minnesota - and the American
Labor Party member, Rep. Mar-
cantonio of New York.
AntimLynchers
Seek Permit
Eight Organizations
Plan Campus Drive
Permission to conduct an anti-
lynch campaign on the campus
will be asked of Provost James P.

Adams at 10 a.m. today by spokes-
men for a joint anti-lynch com-
mittee of eight campus and two
town organizations.
Representatives of the Progres-
sive Citizens of America and the
Student Religious Association
joined those of six other groups in
a second informal meeting, Mon-
day. Members of the American
Veterans Committee, Hillel Foun-
dation, Michigan Youth for De-
mocratic Action, the National Ne-
gro Congress, Americans for Dem-
ocratic Action and the Inter-
Racial Association formed the
committee last week.
Although Mayor Edward J.
Jeffries has proclaimed Monday as
Anti-Lynch Day in Detroit and
endorsed fund-raising activities,
the local committee will conduct
its campaign later in the month.
Wright To Be
Third Speaker

T-lBone Steaks Ascend
Borne on 'Flying Plates'
Hlabitues of 'Bughouse Square,' Chicago
Assert Personal Theories in Explanation
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO, July 8-Bughouse Square, Chicago's refuge of the
self-style intelligentsia, today attributed the flying discs to everything
from Martin explorations to "plates carrying T-bone steaks because
they're so high."
O. M. (Chollie) Wendorf, a habitue of the one-block park in the
Bohemian quarter on the near north side, pooh-poohied ideas that
there is anything "substantial behind reports of the discs."
Rasping from his soapbox perch, Chollie, who calls' himself King
of the Free Lance Orators for five years, shouted that "the terribl

_
E
i

RICHARD ROSENBLOOM
. . . wil play 'Mortimer'
*' * *

Comedy Pa
To Star Shef
As Johnathan'
Arthur Shef will star in the role
of Johnathan in Joseph Kessel-
ring's "Arsenic and Old Lace" to
be presented by the speech de-
partment's Michigan Repertory
Players at 8 p.m. tomorrow
through Saturday at Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
Other leading members of the
cast will be Jeanette Grandstaff
as Abby, Donald Kleckner as Ted-
dy, Emily James as Martha Brew-
ster, Richard Rosenbloom as Mor-
timer Brewster and William Kin-
zer as Dr. Einstein.
Other Members of the Cast
Max Kelly, Albert Nadeau, )Earl
Matthews, Frances Barker, Covell
Radcliffe, Ward Alquist, James
Lynch and James Drummond al-
so have roles in the play.
The play deals with two kind-
hearted, if slightly homicidal, old
maiden ladies who relsease their
unfortunate victims from the
hardships of life by gentle minis-
trations of poison. Their dear
brother who believes he is Theo-
dore Roosevelt and that he is
building the Panama Canal in the
basement, obliges his sisters with
a new lock at appropriate inter-
vals.
Windt Directs Production
Prof. Valentine Windt of the
speech department will direct the
play with Oren Parker of Yale
University in charge of sets and
Berneice Prisk of Iowa State Uni-
versity directing costuming.
Women interested in ushering
for the performances Friday and
Saturday may sign up from 8:30
a.m. to 5 p.m. today through Sat-
urady in the League Undergradu-
ate Office.
Directory Goes on Sale
The Summer Directory will be
sold today and tomorrow on the
Diagonal, at the Engine Arch, in
all of the local bookstores, at the
League, the Union, and the Stu-
dent Publications Building.
Faculty members and depart-
ment offices can order their cop-
ies through the Plant Stores Sec-
tion of the University.

othing is, the more water you throw
on it the harder it burns." The "it"
in this classic figure of speech
Chollie defined as mass hysteria.
Eat Living Things
Chollie thinks the visions of
flying discs can be erased through
healthy living and that to be
healthy "you got to eat living
things."
Chollie said he eats 50 dande-
lion blooms a day, when they're
in season, that is.
Herbert "Cosmic Kid" Shaw
said he favors a theory that the
discs are evidence of activity~ from
other planets. He said this is
probable because even science
now has a "wide open view of the
possibility that life exists on some
planets."
T-Bone Theory
The proponent of the T-bone
theory, Ted Moren suggested an
alternative explanation. "Maybe
it's those ENIACS, you know',
those thinking machines invented
at Harvard and Princeton-that
are doing some thinking and in-
venting on their own.
"If the machines can almost
think it's reasonable to believe
they could think of something like,
flying saucers that not even our
scientists can match."
* * *
Flying Disc'
Really Balloon
FORT WORTH, Texas, July 8--
(/')--The discovery of a "flying
disc" reported by an Army pub-
lic relations officer proved a dud
today when the object was iden-
tified as a weather, balloon.
Warrant Officer Irving Newton,
a forecaster at the Army's Eighth
Air Force weather station here,
said the object found near Ros-
well, N.M., was a ray wind target
used to determine the direction
and velocity of winds at high al-
titudes.
He said there were some 40
weather stations in the United
States using this type of balloon.

1hirteenPlan
To Take Part
Ini Aid Parley
Czechs Aimon
Visitor Nations
By The Associated Press
PARIS, July 8-Thirteen na-
tions, including Czechoslovakia in
the Soviet sphere, have accepted
French-British bids to the Paris
conference on the Marshall Plan.
Czech sources in Prague hinted
that Russia herself might finally
be represented.
There had been no refusals by
nightfall from the 22 invited na-
tions.
The. French Foreign Ministry
announced that 10 nations-Bel-
gium, Italy, P o r t u g a 1, Eire,
Greece, Turkey, the Netherlands,
Luxembourg, Czechoslovakia and
Iceland-have turned in formal
acceptances.
Decide To Participate
Associated P r e s s dispatches
from Berne, Vienna and Copen-
hagen said that Switzerland, Aus-
tria and Denmark decided offic-
ially to participate in the re-
construction parley.
Confusion concerning what was
going on in the Russian zone
states mounted as the Thursday
deadline for accepting the invi-
tations drew near. The confer-
ence will open Saturday.
Polish, Romanian and Finnish
diplomats denied reports broad-
cast by Tass, official Soviet News
Agency, that their countries had
rejected the invitation. They
said a decision could not be
known until tomorrow. An As-
sociated Press dispatch from
Warsaw said it still was a "toss-
up" whether Poland would accept.
Decision Studied
Yugoslav, Albanian, Bulgarian
and Hungarian spokesmen here
could not be reached for comment
on the attitude of their govern-
ments but reports from those four
nations indicated their decisions
still were being studied.
A dispatch from Prague said
that Czech sources close to the
government declared there was
considerable indication Russia
might send a representative-per-
haps as an observer.
These sources said they based
their suggestions on the Czech
acceptance of the invitation, indi-
cations in Prague that the Poles
also might accept, and an about-
face by the Communist Party in
Prague from the earlier criticism
of the motives behind the eco-
nomic rehabilitation proposal.
Information Gathering
. The Paris Conference is intend-
ed to set in motion the gathering
of information to be used in de-
termining Europe's ability for
self-help and the amount needed
from the United States.
Acceptances now are in from
all, countries invited except the
seven other states in the Soviet
zone and Sweden and Norway.
Educators Will
Discuss Late
Trends in Field
Current trends in education will
be the theme of the Eighteenth
Annual Summer Education Con-
ference sponsored by the educa-
tion school which will be held here
July 14 to 18.
A series of lectures and special
conferences will be featured at the
conference.

Textbook Exhibit
An extensive exhibit of new
textbooks will be maintained by
Michigan representatives of pub-
lishers of textbooks according to
Dean James B. Edmonson of the
education school who is confer-
ence director. The University Li-
brary Extension Service will also
have a display of children's books.
Dr. James P. Adams, Provost of
the University, will deliver the
opening address of the Confer-
ence. His lecture, entitled, "Let's
Turn on the Lights," will be given
at 11 a.m., Monday, in the Uni-
versity High School auditorium.
The Conference meetings will be
held in the University High School
and the University Elementary
School buildings, where the ex-
hibits will be located, and in the
architecture college auditorium.
All programs of the Conference
will be open to the public.
Special Topics
Among the special conference
topics are the following: educa-
tional psychology, health educa-

300,000

Miners

-1RussiajSays 'Hands Off' Greece
U.S., Britain Hhgher Wages,
Blamed For .< ..t Fewer Hours

Holiday Ends As Lewis Orders

Back

Bad' Situation

Gromyko Asks
Supervision of

UN
Aid

By The Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, July 8-Rus-
sia late today charged that the
situation in Greece was the re-
sult of American and British in-
terference and demanded that the
United Nations order foreign mil-
itary personnel off Greek soil.
The Soviet Union also called
for UN supervision of all eco-
nomic aid to Greece in a renewed
attempt to place the American
program of direct sppport under
international control.
"Direct intervention through
the presence of foreign troops
has been supplemented lately
by new forms of intervention in
sending to Greece so-called mil-
itary instructors and in supply-
ing war equipment," deputy
foreign minister Andrei A.
Gromyko said in his new at-
tack on the American aid pro-
gram.
Rejecting a UN report blaming
Soviet Balkan satellites for the
Greek border disorders, Gromy-
ko said the Greek government
alone was at fault.
Gromyko put forward the Rlus-
sian rebuttal to a majority report
of a Balkan investigating com-
mission in a 78-minute speech,
one of the longest ever delivered
to the Security Council.
He asked the council to re-
verse on-the-spot findings and
rule Greece guilty of provoking
disturbances with Yugoslavia,
Albania and Bulgaria.
Gromyko said without qualifi-
cation that Russia would not ac-
cept an American resolution,
growing out of. the commission
report, for establishment of a
semi-permanent UN watch along
the troubled frontiers. American
delegate Warren R. Austin pre-
viously had said that nothing less
than the border watch would
solve the problem and Gromyko
thus gave the strongest indica-
tions that he would veto the pro-
ject.
Gromyko gave no figures on
military personnel, but a Greek
source said 'there were only
about 6,000 foreign troops
there now. These were said to
be mostly British with the oth-
ers American training groups.
Regarding American aid,
Gromyko asked the council to
pass this paragraph:
"For the purpose of providing
the proper use of foreign econom-
ic aid granted to Greece, the se-
curity council resolves to estab-
lish a special commission which
through the proper supervision
would guanantee the use of such
aid only in the interests of the
Greek people."
Rates Raised
At I Hospital
Ward and semi-private' room
rates at the self-supporting Uni-
versity Hospital have been in-
creased, hospital authorities an-
nounced.
They said the increases were
"to meet constantly rising operat-
ing costs."
The hospital "depends entire-
ly upon the fees from the pa-
tients for its operation, as it re-
ceives nofstate appropriations or
income from endowments," the
authorities said.
The rates are consistent with
general rate levels in this area
and with other Midwest hospitals
owned by universities, they de-
clared.

U.S. ADMIRAL VISITS SWEDEN'S KING--Rear Admiral John
Perry (right), commander of U.S. Carrier Division Six, chats with
King Gustav V of Sweden at Saro, Sweden, during a visit
at which arrangements were made for the reception of 40 U.S.
officers from the carriers Randolph and Kearsage at the Saro
Tennis Club. The carriers were anchored at Goteborg, Sweden,
during their cruise of Scandainavian waters.
GOOD NEIGHBORS GROW UP:
Lsatin America Will Assume
New Important World Role

to

Pits;

World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 8-Rep.
Nixon (Rep., Calif.) told James C.
Petrillo in blunt terms today to
study the new Taft-Hartley labor
law and the anti-trust laws before
carrying out his threat to bar un-
ion musicians from radio network
programs.
WASHINGTON, July 8-The
House passed today a resolution
authorizing publication of a
document on "Fascism in Ac-
tion" after a two-hour floor
battle during which it was de-
nounced as a "smokescreen"
for Communists and hailed as a
"danger signal" of rightwing ex-
tremist activities.
** *
LONDON, July 8-Foreign Sec-
retary Ernest Bevin today hailed
the Marshall offer as a step to-
ward "a great unity of peoples
throughout the world" and de-
clared that the door still was open
for Russia to participate in a con-
tinent-wide recovery plan.

Latin American nations are no
longer likely to take a passive role
in world affairs, Dr. Robin A.
Humphreys, reader in American
history at the University of Lon-
don, said yesterday.
The second speaker in the sum-
mer session lecture series on "The
United States in World Affairs",
Dr. Humphreys declared that a
new era in the affairs of Latin
American states is beginning.
Importance Will Develop
This new importance in world
affairs will develop regardless of
the direction of political trends
and the extent of economic and
social changes, he said.
He pointed to the new danger
that the twin forces of nation-
alism and socialism, in Latin
America will be harnessed in the
service of an all-embracing state.
He mentioned that nationalism in
Latin America could take the
form of imperialism.
Industrial Progress
Dr. Humphreys cited the pres-
ent industrial progress in Latin
American countries. A new in-
dustrial and commercial class, an
artisan class and organized labor
are taking form, he said.
"The old struggle, implicit in
Latin American history, between
the country and the town is be-
ing transformed into the clash
between the old agricultural way
of life and a new industral civ-
ilization."
New Political Forces
The emergence of new political
forces on the left and right have
caused social changes to merge
into political change, he assert-
ed.
"But it would be dangerous to
conclude that this is the domin-
ant trend of the times," he said.
"The future of democratic gov-
ernment is menaced by extremist
groups on the left and on the
right. Secondly, the tendency in
Latin American states is towards
the concentration and centraliza-
tion for power and it is both na-
tionalistic and socialistic."
All-embracing State
Pointing to the danger of the

all-embracing state in Latin
America, Dr. Humphreys said
that the danger "may be exag-
gerated" but should not be ig-
nored.
"The future of democratic gov-
ernment depends on the honesty
and integrity of the newer so-
cial classes and on the adaptabil-
ity of the older conservative
groups whose way of life is being
slowly undermined," he said.
The issue is not the simple one
of democracy or dictatorship, but
the larger issue of freedom or ser-
vitude, Dr. Humphreys declared,
Health Service
Offers Low
Price X-Rays
Low cost x-rays for the adult
personnel of fraternities and sor-
orities were announced yesterday
by Dr. Warren E. Forsythe, Di-
rector of Health Service.
The caution exercised by the
University to prevent tubercu-
losis among the student body
would be completely nullified by
the presence of a contagious adult
working in student residences, Dr.
Forsythe said. "Students are ad-
vised not to have any adults in
their houses without being sure
that they are free from tubercu-
losis," he stressed.
Fraternities and sororities may
telephone Health Service for an
appointment in the x-ray depart-
ment for members of their house
staffs. The employe may pay the
$1.50 fee for the x-rays, or pre-
sent a note from the house stat-
ing that it would be responsible
for payment. X-rays by private
physicians would ordinarily cost
much more.
Fraternities and sororities are
not required to have their person-
nel checked for tuberculosis, but
it is advised, as any one in a,
house may be a source of con-
tagion, Dr. Forsythe said.

Granted UMW
Southern Producers
Refuse Proposition
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 8-John
L. Lewis ordered three-fourths of
his 400,000 soft coal miners back
to the pits tonight to work for
another year-when "able and
willing"-at the biggest wage in-
crease he ever won.
"Who's looney now?" he de-
manded of his critics in general as
he jubilantly told reporters of the
precedent-shattering pact.
Coal operators paraded to Unit-
ed Mine Workers headquarters to
sign on Lewis' terms. For those
who didn't sign the terms were:
take it or leave it.
The Southern Coal Produc-
ers Association was the only
sizeable group to leave it. They
hit Lewis for modifications in a
closed meeting, apparently got
nowhere, and decided to con-
vene tomorrow at 12 noon for a
"final decision."
One of the southeners predicted
they would be "forced to accept,"
as a group or individually. In fact,
a scattering of them had already
accepted. But southern mines pro-
ducing 25 per cent of the country's
coal and employing some 100,000
miners stood idle.
Coal prices will shoot up. Sen-
ator Taft (Rep,.) forecast a rise
of 70 cents a ton, but some opera-
tors said the jump would exceed
,$. Taft guessed steel would rise
$1.10 a ton and steel products pro-
portionately.
The contract was negotiated
by Lewis with northern opera-
tors and mine-owning steel in-
terests. The latter groups, in a
joint statement, said the cost
will be "substantially less' than
if a strike had halted produc-
tion.
The contract provides: a 44/
cent basic hourly wage boost; a
work day shortened from nine
hour to eight, bringing the daily
wage to $13.05 instead of the
$11.85 paid for the longer day;
and a 100 per cent increase in the
levy on operators to support
UMW's welfare fund-10 cents a
ton instead of 5.
But Washington marveled
most at the manner in which
the contract nose-thumbed the
brand new Taft-Hartley act,
which was written with John L.
Lewis upperpmost in mind.
The contract says the miners
shall work "during such time" as
they are "able and willing." Work
stoppages in violation of contract
are outlawed and made punishable
by suit under the Taft-Hartley
law. But under the "ableand will-
ing" language, the miners appar-
ently could quit without breaking
the contract.
The contract repeals all no-
strike clauses in existing local con-
tracts, as well as all wage deduc-
tions and other penalties for wild-
cat strikes.
"Stone Flower'
To Be Shown
Russian Film Based
On Legendary Tale
"The Stone Flower," Russian
prize-winning film, will be pre-
sented by the Art Cinema League
at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow and Fri-
day at Hill Auditorium.

Filmed in color by a secret pro-
cess, the picture is based on an
old Russian folk-legend which
deals with a young stone-carver
and a sorceress who offers him the
key to perfection in his work.

QUALITY NOT QUANTITY:
Cut In Medical Enrollments
Necessary To Keep Standard

Recent cuts in medical school
enrollments were necessary to
continue high standards and re-
lieve an overburdened faculty, ac-
cording to Dean Albert C. Furs-
tenberg in an article written for
the Michigan Alumnus.
"Our first purpose is to train
men and women to be doctors
who will practice with credit to
themselves, and safety to their
patients." Dean Furstenberg says,

in other schools and colleges of
the University, he explains in the
article.
In addition, the medical school
offers intramural courses to 993
doctors and has established ex-
tramural centers in 15 Michigan
cities instructing a total of 1280
doctors, Dean Furstenberg says.
The medical school is also car-
rying on an extensive program of

HANG THE MOSQUITOES:
Ann Arbor Provides Recreation Means

0

By JOE GOETZ

In the city of Ann Arbor there

Pauline Blvd. and West Park l1-

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