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August 02, 1947 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1947-08-02

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,4

ABOVE
THE LAW
See Page 2

Lj

Latest Deadline in the State

aiitt

FAIR,
WARMER

VOL. LVII, No. 28S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, AUGUST 2, 1947
t t

PRICE FIVE CENTS

UN Delegates
Define Signal
of Atom War
Stockpile Seizure
Would End Peace
By The Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, Aug. 1-The
seizure by any nation of atomic
stockpiles and facilities always
will be a signal of war, United
Nations Atomic Energy delegates
declared today in a preview of
their second report.
"The seizure (by any nation or
group of nations) of stockpiles,
production facilities and facilities
utilizing nuclear fuel will always
be a danger of such magnitude,"
the delegates said, "that seizure
should be recognized by all na-
tions to mean that a most serious
violation of the treaty has taken
place and that the nation is about
to embark on atomic warfare."
Six Papers
The views of the delegates, act-
ing thus far in their individual
capacities, were contained in a
series of six papers made public
by the Political Committee of the
United Nations Atomic Energy
Commission.
Soviet Russia took no part in
drawing up these papers and fre-
quently criticized the work on
them by the delegates. Poland
participated slightly.
The papers made these points:
1. Nations or persons should not
own atomic source material, nu-
clear fuel and dangerous facilities.
These must be held by the agency
in trust.
Research Limitations
2. National research and devel-
opment activities should be limit-
ed only so far as is necessary for
security,
3. The Atomic Control Agency
must seek out any clandestine ac-
tivities or facilities involving nu-
clear fuel.
4. An atomic treaty should em-
body the principle that compar-
able national deposits of atomic-
bearing ' ores throughout the
world should be used up propor-
tionately so that one nation would
not gain an advantage.
Agency Inspection
5. The agency's powers of in-
spection, by pl'ane and other
means, should be wide but should
have some limits.
6. Personnel of the agency who
will conduct the surveys and in-
spections should be selected on an
international basis.
The Political Committee will
meet next Wednesday to start
whipping these working papers in-
to shape for the formal report
which the Security Council has
ordered the Atomic Commission to
mnake before the UN Assembly
meets Sept. 16
UV Chorus To
Give Concert
Program To Feature
'A Fable' by Jojo
"A Fable" by Dello Joio will be
featured in the annual concert of
the University Summer Session
Chorus, to be presented at 4:15

p.m. tomorrow at Hill Auditorium.
The chorus is directed by Miss I
Mary Muldowney, head of choral
usic at State Teachers College,
Indiana, Pa.
Celia Chao and Elizabeth Pow-
ell, pianists, and Elizabeth Green, a
violinist, will accompany the
chorus in Brahms "Love Songs."
"Serenade to Music," by the
noted composer Vaughn Williams
will feature a choral quartet com-
posed of music school students
Mary Jane Allbright, Arlene Sol-
lenberger, Norris Greer and How-
ard Hatton.
The program, which is open to
the public, will also include a
group of sacred songs and "I'm
Seventeen Conie Sunday," by Per-
cy Granger.
Receipts Neede
For Vet Supplies
Veterans will have to present
their cashier's receipts along with
Ltheir Veterans' Book and Supply

Security Council Calls for End
To Dutch, Indonesian Warfare;

Daily-Lmanian
OLD PHOTOGRAPHS RECALL UNION OPERA DAYS FOR BARITONE DEWEY-With his family
looking on, Gov. Thomas E. Dewey reminisces with Lloyd Berridge and Herbert Wagner, two of the
three other members of "The Four Micks," vocal quartet which appeared in the Mimes production
"Top of the Morning" in 1921. Show left to right are Dean Earl V. Moore, of the music school, Ber-
ridge, of the University Health Service, Mrs. Frances Hutt Dewey, Thomas E. Dewey, Jr., John Mar-
tin Dewey, Dewey, and Wagner, manager of University Hospital. BELOW-Dewey is greeted by
President Alexander G. Ruthven at a luncheon held Thursday in honor of the New York governor and
his family.
* * *4 *, *4 *

Britons,, Jews
Clash, in New
.PalestineFight
JERUSALEM, Aug. 1- (P) -
Britons and Jews clashed in an-
gry reprisal and counter reprisal
today in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem
and unofficial sources tonight
numbered the day's casualties at
one dead and 33 wounded-all
Jews.
In the all-Jewish city of Tel-
Aviv the streets were virtually de-
serted tonight as Jews scurried
home, fearful of new outbreaks
such as occurred last night, when
five Jews were killed and a score
wounded.
Terrorist Attack
The day's bloody events, all re-
verberating from the execution by
the British of three Jewish un-
derground members and the re-
venge hanging by the underground
of two British sergeants, began
with a terrorist attack on the
Jerusalem headquarters of the
Royal Hampshire Regiment.
The assault,mintwhich the at-
tackers used mortars and gren-
ades, failed after one Jew was
slain and two others captured.
Observers said at least five ex-
plosions were heard. The dead
man, found with a grenade in his
hand, had been shot four times.
A short time later, in Tel Aviv,
an armored car which a private
source said was mannedabyBrit-
ish police, crashed headlong into'
a crowd of 5,000 persons in a fu-
neral procession for the five Jews
killed in last night's violence.
Crowd Scattered
The crowd scattered in panic as
three separate bursts of gunfire
were heard and at least 15 Jews
were wounded by glass from
breaking shop windows. Others
suffered gunshot wounds. A re-
liable private informant said the
gunfire came from the armored
car.
After the funeral, groups of
young Jews formed quickly. One
group rushed Barclay's Bank,
across the street from Tel Aviv's
Great Synagogue. Troops sum-
moned to the scene opened fire
and an informant said eight Jews
were hit.
Other groups upset two British
Army trucks and set them afire
while still another stoned the Gen-
eral Postoffice Building.

GMRal
Boost Called
Step Leading
To Depressioni
Raises Unnecessary,
Reuther Office Says
S By The Associated Press
DETROIT, Aug. 1 - General
Motors Corp. today increased the
price of all passenger cars and
Chevrolet trucks by two to six
per cent.
A statement from the office of
Walter P. Reuther, president of
the CIO United Auto Workers,
described .the price boost as "ano-
ther large stride down the infla-
tionary road leading to depression
and mass unemployment." It
added:
"Were the company genuinely
concerned in cooperating in the
national effort to halt inflation,
it could well afford to offer price
reductions several times as
large as the price increase which
it has now inflicted on the con-
sumer."
Reuther himself was in Wash-
ington for a "'Meet the Press"
radio program tonight.
The Ford Motor Co., GM's chief
competitor in the low price field,
had no official comment.
A statement by Henry Ford
II a fortnight ago said the firm
"hiped" to absorb rising steel
costs without marking up the
price tag ion its cars.
General Motors' move was not
entirely unexpected in view of the
conviction in automotive circles
that rising steel prices eventually
would be reflected in autos.
President C. E. Wilson said
specific increases by models and
body styles were to be announc-
ed individually by Cadillac,
Buick, Pontiac, Oldsmobile and
Chevrolet divisions.
Cadillac raised the price of its
models from $66 to $168, Buick
from $60 to $139.
Chevrolet trucks were also
blanketed with passenger cars un-
der the increase, but GMC trucks
were not affected, since price in-
creases ranging from $17 to $162
were set for them earlier in the
week.
Non - automotive products,
Wilson said, would be increased
in price along the same general
pattern as autos and trucks.
Wilson blamed "the inflation
that has occurred" in labor and
material prices for the general
increase.
The announcement came three
days after General Motors re-
ported a net income for the first
half of the year of $147,622,834,
highest in a decade except during
the war.
Soviet Film
Ends Today'
"Ivan the Terrible," Soviet film
biography of the Czar who uni-
fied Russia, will be shown for the
last time at 8:30 p.m. today at
Hill Auditorium.
Sponsored by the Art Cinema
League, the film was directed by
Sergei Eisenstein and features a
musical score by the noted Soviet
composer Sergei Prokofieff.
The picture, which concentrates
on effect, rather than action or

character, deals basically with the
struggles of Czar Ivan against the
Boyars, a handful of titled barons
who spit up Russia into numerous
warring principalities and feudal
holdings.
Tickets may be purchased at
the Hill Auditorium box-office.

ises

Car,

-4'

New York's Senator Ies
Raps FEPC Opponents
By TOM WALSH
Special To The Daily
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the eighth in a series of interpretative articles
on political trends and personalities in Washington by a Daily staff corres-
pondent.
WASHINGTON-New York's Senator Irving Ives put on an im-
pressive and highly effective performance in a Senate Labor and Pub-
lic Welfare Committee hearing recently when a couple Southern gen-
tlemen testified against the FEPC bill which he is sponsoring.
"Senator Ives wants the Negro vote and is putting himself on the
same level for political reasons," was the type of statement included
-in a long mimeographed testimony

Daily-Lmanian

Truck

FOREIGN ARTISTS:
Nations Festival To Featufre
Ukranian Singers, Dancers

New Witness
Reports for
Hughes Probe
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1-()-
Senators probing Howard Hughes'
ability to get warplane contracts
heard testimony today that Elliott
R o o s e v e 1 t's recommendations
overrode the Commanding Gen-
eral of the Air Forces, and then
started quizzing publicity man
John Meyer on his relations with
the son of the late president.
Meyer, sleepy-eyed after a hur-
ried flight here from France, did
not get very far on his story of
his work for Hughes before the
hearing was suddenly recessed u-
til tomorrow.
Denies Padding
He did get in a denial that he
had padded his expense accounts
to show lavish entertainment of
government officials. He replied,
"right" when asked whether is was
"your duty to entertain Army of-
ficers, Navy officers and others?"
The many-sided inquiry of the
Senate War Investigating Com-
mittee also turned up an offer by
its chairman, Senator Brewster
(R-Maine), to waive his senator-'
ial rights and appear as a wit-
ness on what he said was "a
blackmail charge" fired at him by
Hughes.
Meyer testified briefly at the
end of a day which produced an
account by Ma. Gen. Oliver P.
Echols of how the recommenda-
tion of Elliott Roosevelt, son of
the late President, b r o u g h t
Hughes, Hollywood millionaire,
a $22,000,000 contract for photo
reconnaissance planes.
Plane Contract
Echols, former assistant chief
of the Air Staff, said the con-
tract went to Hughes after Gen.
H. H. Arnold, chief of the Air
Forces during the war, directed
on Aug. 24, 1943, that no further
action be taken to encourage
Hughes in development of a pho-
tograph plane .
Echols, now retired, told the
committee that a week later Ar-
nold reversed his decision after
talking to Elliott and issued verb-
al instructions to Echols that
"steps should be taken to con-
tract with Hughes" for 100 planes.
Fire at Bicycle Store
Causes Extensive Loss
Fire caused by a short-circuited
neon sign at the Midway Bike
Shop, 322 E. Liberty, brought fire-
men to the shop at 3:30 a.m. yes-
terday, Ann Arbor Fire Chief Ben
Zahn reported.
Flames from the sign spread to
the building's interior and caused
extensive damage before extin-
guished by firemen. The first
floor and front of the buliding
suffered the heavy damage, he re-
ported.

Prices

presented by Paulson Spense who
runs an engineering company in
New York and a plantation in
Louisiana.
"Now I'll tell you something, Mr.
Spense, said Ives good-naturedly
after the witness had read a long
tirade against him. Holding his
large bowled pipe in one hand and
speaking in a friendly persuasive
tone, Ives traced the history of
his own interest in the Fair EM-
ployment Practices Commission
bill which is the history of the
FEPC legislation in the state of
New York.
Took Chairmanship in 1944
He reluctantly took the chair-
manship of a committee to study
the problem in 1944, convinced
that no solution by legislation was
possible. "All 23 of us on the con-
mittee representing all sections of
the comn'unity signed the report
from which the bill evolved and
in two years of operation there
has not been a single 'cease and
desist' order issued," he lectured.
When Ives said, "I believe in it
on the level with no thought of
political advantage," his sincerity
was obvious.
As a clincher he reminded his
attacker that "Harlem voted
against me two to one."
By that time, Spense, who had
been cockily telling the commit-
tee how he "loved colored people"
and how he wanted to represent
them because "they have nobody
to speak for them," was rather
humbly offering to withdraw the
parts of his statement which per-
tained to Ives.
Ives, who was then hitting his
stride, refused the offer casually.
Softens' Up Governor
Later he softened up Governor
Wright of Mississippi who told the
committee that S. 984 was the
most dangerous legislation ever
presented in the United States.
"This minority legislation to help
See IVES, Page 4
UAW Rejects
Ford Proposal
DETROIT, Aug. 1-(P)-An
eleventh-hour effort to head off a
threatened strike of 107,000 Ford
Motor Co. production workers
ended today with no reported pro-
gress toward a settlement of the
dispute.
Officials of the CIO United
Auto Workers said they turned
down a four-point proposal ad-
vanced Thursday by Henry Ford
II to CIO President Philip Mur-
ray. The conditional offer pro-
posed waiving certain of the com-
pany's rights under the Taft-
Hartley Act in return forwhat
Ford called "good faith condi-
tions."
Richard T. Leonard, UAW-CIO
vice-president and national Ford
director, announced the union's
rejection after a two-hour bar-
gaining session.

Move Is First
Direct UN Act
Against War
Indonesia Seen As
Independent State
By The Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, Aug. 1-The
United Nations Security Council
tonight called upon the Dutch and
Indonesians to cease fighting
immediately and settle their dis-
putes by arbitration or other
peaceful means.
The unprecedented decision
was reached after only two days
of debate and marked the first
time in UN history that the
peace agency moved directly to
stop warfare.
The vote was 8 to 0 with Bel-
gium, France and Britain ab-
staining. Britain stressed that
its abstention should not be
. construed as a veto.
The Council adjourned at 7:15
p.m. until Monday at 2 p.m.
Delegates rejected a Russian
amendment which directed that
Dutch and Indonesian troops
should be withdrawn to positions
they held at the start of military
operations as a step toward the
peaceful settlement. The vote here
was 2 to 0 with only Poland sup-
porting the Soviet Union and the
other nine members abstaining.
Passage of the resolution,
sponsored by the United States
and amended by the French and
Poles, also served to give Secur-
ity Council recognition to the
Republic of Indonesia. This
point had been hotly contested
by the Netherlands, which con-
tended that Indonesia was not
yet an independent state.
The question immediately arose
whether the Netherlands would
choose to comply with the Coun-
cil decision.
Dr. Eelco N. Van Kleffens, Dutch
ambassador, told the Council in
the midst of the speedy discus-
sions that his government would
accept an invitation to end hos-
tilities but would oppose any or-
der from the Council. The Dutch
consistently held that the Coun-
cil had no power to give any or-
ders in the Indonesian case.
* * *
Dutch Imperil
CapitalArea
BATAVIA, JAVA, Aug. 1-(P)--
The Indonesian Supreme Com-
mand declared the Republican
Capital of Jogjakarta and sur-
rounding districts a military area
today and ordered it prepared for
a last ditch stand in the event of
a Dutch attack, Radio Jogjakarta
announced.
The Indonesian action reflected
fears expressed earlier in some
Republican quarters that the loss
of Republican-held Tjiltjap on
Java's south coast-toward which
Dutch mechanized columns were
reported rolling steadily tonight-
would presage a drive on the cap-
ital. The Indonesians said two
Dutch fighter planes attacked the
Jogakarta airfield today.
Latest Dutch reports said the
Netherlands forces were within 20
miles of Tjilatjap, which is 75
miles west of Jogjakarta.
Realtors, Council
Reach Agreement
Negotiations by attorneys for

the Home Realty Co. and the
Washtenaw, uilding Trades
Council have progressed far
enough for both sides to ask ad-
journment of the construction
company's request for an in-
junction to halt picketing until
Saturday, Aug. 16.
Attorneys in Washtenaw Coun-
ty Circuit Court yesterday said
that an agreement had been
reached whereby pickets of AFL
Carpenters Union 512 will be

Highlighting the Festival of Na-
tions, to be held at 8 p.m. August
10 in Hill Auditorium will be a
group of Ukranian singers and
dancers from the Detroit Boyan
Society.
The "Club Boyan," which was
founded ten years ago, is com-
posed of persons of Ukranian ex-
traction who possess talents to fit
the various cultural categories ofj
Ukranian life.
Origin of Club
Originally composed of a man-
dolin orchestra of five, the group
was so successful that dancing,
choral and dramatic groups were
added until the present member-
ship of 65 was reached.
The name "Boyan," in the
Ukraine usually connotes a sing-
ing troubador. However, a Boy-
an actually was one who accom-
panied Ukranian princes into bat-
tle and whose duties were to com-
pose and sing songs honoring war-
riors who fought and fell to de-
fend the Ukraine.
Although the foremost aim of
the group is to perpetuate and fos-
ter Ukrainian culture the group

also actively participates in sport-
ing, dancing and other social
'events.
Typify Grace, Rhythm
The Ukranian folk dances which
will be performed at the festival
typify grace and rhythm of the
peasant dance and will be per-
formed in the traditional colorful
costumes of the Ukraine.
The Festival will also feature
Philippine Candle and Bamboo
dancers, Latin American songs
and dances, Danish, Swedish and
Norwegian folk dancers, Ruman-
ian music and dancers, Indian
Shadow Dances, a Polish Nation-
al Chorus and a group of Greek
folk musicians and dancers fea-
turing Nicholas Nitsis in "Tzami-
ko," dance of the Greek guerrillas.
AAF Marks
40th Birthday
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1-(/P)-
The Air Force celebrated its for-
tieth anniversary today by shat-
tering speed records and putting
on a show as world-wide as its
war effort.
In Moscow, Tokyo, Berlin, San-
tiago, Paris, Nanking and a dozen
other foreign capitals as well as
most major cities in this country
the occasion was noted.
The Air Force, shrunk from its
wartime 2,500.000 men to 310,000
but flying faster and farther now,
took to the air with demonstra-
tions of speed, skill and distance.
One of the most spectacular
flights was thatrof seven B-29
Super'fortresses from Tokyo to
Washington. They made the 7,000
mile trip with a single three-hour
stop for refueling at Anchorage,
Alaska, in about 30 hours' flying
time.
P-80 Shooting Stars zipped into

World News at a Glance
By The Associated Press
BERLIN, Aug. 1-The American Military Government announced
today it had discovered large quantities of war material, which ap-
parently had been manufactured for an unidentified "foreign power,"
secreted in stockpiles in two German factories in the U.S. sector of
Berlin.
* * * *
WASHINGTON, Aug 1-The Foreman's Association of Amer-
ica filed suit against the National Labor Relations Board today
challenging the constitutionality of the new Taft-Hartley Labor
Act.
* * * *
LONDON, Aug. 1-Britain is asking the United States to relax

UNFRIENDLY FLOWERS:
Hey - Hay Fever Season Approaches

By ANNETTE RICH
Daily special Writer
Take those hankies out of the

Tiny vessels dilate, swell and
leak fluid-the sufferer sneezes,
wheezes or itches.

rides, particularly pleasure driv-
ing.
Dr. John M. Sheldon of the

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