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July 31, 1947 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1947-07-31

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Fifty-Seventh Year



Over-Rapid Emancipation



' 4

Edited and managed by students of the Uni-
versity of Michigan underthe authority of the
BSoard in Control of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Managing Editors ... John Campbell, Clyde Recht
Associate Editor ................... Eunice Mint
sports Editor....................Archie Parsons
Business Staff
1eneral Manager................ Edwin Schneider
Advertising Manager..........William Rohrbach
Circulation Manager ................Melvin Tick
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to
the use for re-publication of all news dispatches
~redited to it or otherwise credited in this news-
aper. All rightseofrrepublication of all other
.natters herein also, reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michi-
gan, as second class mal matter.
Subscription during the regular school year by
carrier, $5.00, by mail, $6.00.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1946-47
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Behind The Times
IN THEIR relations with the Indonesians,
the Dutch have shown themselves to be, in
the words of cartoonist David, Low, a hun-
dred years behind the times.
Mr. Low, whose Sunday cartoon makes
an obvious allusion to British methods of
dealing with imperial problems, can point
with pride to his country's latest colonial
accomplishment in Burma. The Burmese
may have their complete independence now
if they want it.
Like the British, the Dutch should have
given in completely on the independence
issue, for the same reasons that the Brit-
ish have-colonies, in quiet areas like the
South Pacific, are able to take care of
Even the Dutch admitted that the In-
donesians are practically ready for self-
government. The Linggadjati pact, provid-
ing in part for a United States of Indonesia
by 1949, should have solved the problem
permanently, because it set a certain "tone"
to Dutch policy. It committed them to
"sweetness and light."
Then all of a sudden, with less than two
years to go, the Dutch throw a terrific
"police" force at the Indonesians. Is that
the way to treat a practically independent
people? Why did they have to do that?
All the Indonesians wanted was their
own police force. Is that an unreasonable
demand from a people who were guaran-
teed their independence in a year and a
half's time? What's so difficult about
policing Indonesia that makes the Dutch
think they have to use 100,000 troops,
tanks and planes to do it?
The Dutch have given no reasons for their
military operations. If they continue to
call their war "police measures of a strict-
ly limited character" they will only insult
the rest of the world.
Undoubtedly the Dutch want to keep
most of the Indies wealth for themselves.
They get a $160,000,000 profit annually
from the islands. Their original invest-
ment was about $1,000,000,000. The In-
donesians average $50 income per capita
per year. They only ask to share the
If the United. Nations deal. with this in
dependence problem directly, It can hardly
help but recommend that the Dutch back
down and stop the war at once.
The UN need only consider three factors:
1. The immediate cause of the war (the
police issue).
2. The Linggadjati pact. (Dutch promise
3. The spirit of the times. (No longer eth-
ical to oppress colonies).

-Fred Schott
the camp guards at the Anguilla State
Prison near Brunswick, Georgia, mowed
down a gang of Negro prisoners who were
allegedly attempting a mass escape, Glynn
County police chief Russell Henderson stood
by in silent amazement. After the shoot-
ing had stopped, leaving 17 dead and
wounded convicts strewn about the prison
yard, Henderson burst out that the gun-
ning had been completely uncalled for.
But a special grand jury investigating the
deaths of eight -prisoners and the wounding
of nine others came to a different conclu-
sion last week. Despite the convicts' testi-
mony that the warden had been drunk, the
jury exonerated Worthy, accepting his ex-
planation that the Negroes had been trying
a break. Scant attention was given the pri-
.rncr,,' r laim thal t th her1 hn shnt while

S HECIVIL WAR in Java, assassinations
within the new Brurman cabinet-these
are symptoms of over-rapid emancipation.
The movement for political freedom is
fundamental to our times. It is running
like wildfire through all dependent peoples.
The danger is not-as some of our over-
enthusiastic liberals seem to think-that
this great surge toward human freedom will
be suppressed or thwarted. The danger is
that it will succeed too much.
The danger is that in enfranchizing it-
self too quickly from one sort of "foreign
imperialism," a backward people will
both worsen its living standard and fall
under a new tyranny of a worse sort.
This is no argument against emancipa-
tion. Among the inherent rights of men
is the right to misgovern themselves. "Na-
tionalists" everywhere would rather be mis-
governed by their own kind than well gov-
erned by foreigners.
This is the attitude of the Javanese to-
day. Under the Dutch they were admirably,
though despotically administered. By no
stretch of the imagination can we expect
the new "Native" rulers to do so good a
job. Nevertheless, the Javanese and part
of the Sumatrans, in so far as they are po-
litically conscious, would rather be messily
governed by Soekarno and Sjahrir than well
looked after by J. van Mook.
The same situation holds in Burma. To-
morrow it will hold in India; the day after,
perhaps in Madagascar, Malaya, French
North Africa and Indo-China.
So far so good. But when the new set
of rulers turn out to be more incompetent
and oppressive than the departed foreign-
ers, the headaches will begin. Then for
the first time, the benefits of former western
imperialism will be appreciated, The Brit-
ish gave India a far more humane and pros-
perous regime than it could have achieved
under any of the Indian tyrants the British
overthrew or under the Indian governments
that are being set up now.
Investment of foreign capital and de-
velopment of industries by foreigners are
benefits, not "exploitation." Had the
United States not been developed by large
foreign investments, we might still be
as backward as the Russians. Yet it is
against foreign investment that nationa-

list everywhere-misled by the myths of
Karl Marx-are most vehement. It is not
to prevent Javanese liberty but to pre-
vent the unjust confiscation of Dutch
property that Netherlands troops are now
shooting down Javanese.
Or take the case of democracy. Some,
if not most, of the colonial peoples now so
vehemently demanding independence are
incapable of self-government. They have
never had a chance to learn. Too few west-
ern governments have imitated the U.S. in
the Philippines and given their wards a
gradual training in self rule. No one can
learn to swim without swimming. But in
the process of learning there is bound to
be swallowing of salt water. It will-for
instance-be surprising if the new state of
Pakistan (put together from Moslem India),
does not slump into disorder and tyranny of
Latin American model.
What will be the reaction of disillusion-
ed nationalists when, five or ten years
from now, they discover that in freeing
themselves from foreign "imperialism,"
they have become poorer, not richer? That
they have replaced foreign tyranny by a
domestic tyrant of a more odious and in-
competent sort?
Are they not likely either to turn to an-
archy or to Soviet totalitarianism?
It seems to me that they are. It seems
to me that this is the chief reason why So-
viet agents trained in conspiracy are active
in all emancipation movements and why
they are urging the native nationalists to
accept nothing less than full independence
here and now.
Once such premature independence fails,
the Soviet Union will be the obvious bene-
For the same reason, it is in the interest
of the United States that emancipation
movements proceed slowly enough to be suc-
cessful. From our point of view it is de-
sirable that Pakistan and Hindustan should
remain self-governing parts of the British
Commonwealth, that Indo-China and North
Africe should stay within the French Union,
that independent Indonesia stick with the
Those Americans who urge the contrary
are serving not their own country's but a
foreign interest.
(Copyright 1947, Press Alliance, Inc..)

< _ '
.". ." , t" ' 5
,,r 51.-
/ .


r.94 Y Unitd Faafiur, Synd~catO Inc.
-AN right: r,wd



"First it wuz women clutterin' up th' business. Now we got 'Men
of Distinction'."
Little, Late And Loud

Look To The Future

ONE WAY of previewing next year's Pres-
idential election is to speculate on how
it will look to twenty-one-year-olds, to
young men and women casting their first
It may look a little dull to them. Mr.
Dewey, for example, may still seem young
and vital to voters who are no longer good
insurance risks. But he has been Governor
of New York twice, and that definitely takes
him out of the boy class. The first voter of
next year has not really lived through Mr.
Dewey's rackets prosecutions of ten years
or so ago; that episode, to him, is just some-
" Fish Like This Weather
Thinking It Over*...
ONE OF OUR favorite radio announcers
got his cues twisted last weekend. Sol-
emnly and portentously he announced: "La-
dies and gentlemen, your governor, the Hon-
orable Kim Sigler."
A long impressive moment of silence
followed. Then another announcer took
over with: "Ladies and gentlemen, the
poet of the piano, Carmen Cavellero."'
It was a wonderful program. We did get
the honorable public servant's report '
some time later, though.
* * * *
No He Didn't Either ...
WE WERE BUSY cramming on some "out-
side reading" for a Shakespeare course
the other day when we came to a scholar's
assertion that Hamlet did achieve revenge.
What made the statement stick in our mind
was the fact that some earnest student had
taken it upon himself to underline the sen-
tence and place several neat question marls
beside it in the margin.
Next to it, in a different handwriting,
was: "Oh yes he did, smarty-cat."
S . * *-
No Threat to Par .. .
This game of golf is a highly competitive
The other day the Flint Journal quoted
Gov. Thomas E. Dewey as saying he might
play a little golf with "some fiends in
It sounds like the whole town shoots
in the low 90's.
4** * *
Next Year, Maybe .. .
N OT SO LONG AGO, the day after the
.-- .- -1 - 1 - -. 1 -. -. 1-. !f. -.

thing he has read about, like the Spanish
Mr. Dewey will have to find other ways
to appeal to youth, but one doubts that his
careful, strategic cross-country trips can
start tongues wagging joyously in the drug
stores and on the campuses.
But one wonders if to the first voters the
whole isolation-intervention a r g u m e n t
doesn't feel almost as ancient as the con-
troversy which attended the initial publi-
cation of Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle."
Most of the debates about isolation occur-
red in 1939-40, when the first voter was
thirteen years old. Gad! Can that be pos-
Then there is Mr. Truman, who is per-
haps really their President to the young-
er people, in a way in which he can't
quite be for us older boys, who think of
him as Roosevelt's inheritor. But it may
not be good for Mr. Truman that the
young people don't remember Roosevelt
too clearly. They may not have our own
wan, elderly hope of keeping the Roose-
velt spirit alive; and the young ones may
either not vote at all, or they may tend to
conform more easily to family voting
How to bring a dull election alive is per-
haps, then, even more of a problem for the;
Democrats than for the Republicans. The
question is how to give it that touch that
brings a play alive, or a piece of fiction, or
a speech, that wonderful something which
makes a direct bid to the generous heart
and the sound imagination. Perhaps hous-
ing could do it, or a really massive imple-
mentation of the Marshall Plan. One isn't
It must be strange to be a first voter
at this time, without even that capital of
hope which we older ones have been
spending, we who can remember the ex-
citement about making this into One
World, and a better one. It isn't a bad
guide to policy, to try to see it in terms
of what can bring the first voter to life.
If the way isn't found, it will be a dreary
gyration we shall go through next year.
The young may still vote, but without
remembering 1948, especially, as the year
in which they cast their first ballots; they
will recall it, instead, as the year in which
the convertible was bought, and in which
Dad either made or lost some money. That
will be a petty way to fix in memory the
year of the first presidential election after
the biggest of wars.
(Copyright 1947, New York Post Corporation)

WASHINGTON--As the law-
makers head for home (and
happy months of fence-mending),
the best way to say a final fare-
well to the Eightieth Congress is
to assess what it has done. And
such an assessment, in turn, will
be the best explanation of why
this America, this great, wealthy,
powerful and populous nation, is
in these days like a giant bound
in chains of his own devising.
History will undoubtedly hold
that in the domestic field the
most important single act of the
Eightieth Congress was the stat-
ute unifying the armed services,
jammed through hugger-mugger
in the last days. Besides this,
the Congress has shown itself
significantly flabby in the pres-
ence of lobbyists. It has passed
two political tax bills in the cer-
tain knowledge they would be
vetoed. And it has placed on
the statute books a labor law in
which grave defects are already
being discerned, even before it
has come into full legal opera-
On the foreign side, largely ow-
ing to the commanding leadership
of Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg,
the record is considerably better.
What the President has ventured
to ask for, the Congress has in
general granted. Real milestones
have thus been passed, as the
Greece-Turkey aid bill. Yet no
one familiar with the desperate
gravity of the world situation can
be at all satisfied. American for-
eign policy, as developed by Con-
gress and the Administration to-
gether since January 1, has been
too little, too late and too loud.
That is the only honest way to
characterize the manner in which
this country has thus far met the
challenge of the Soviet Union's
political and economic warfare
againstthe Western world. And
as one searches for the reason for
this slowness, inadequacy and
bluster with which we have met
the Soviet challenge, a single cur-
ious and ominous fact begins to
stand out. The whole earth, in
the years since the war, has been
divided into two great factions,
one led by the Soviet Union, the
other led by the United States.
And not the Soviet Union only, but
the United States also, is in a
strange way the prisoner of its
own government system.
The imprisonment in their
system of the Soviet people and
their leaders must be obvious to
any student of the ways of gov-
ernments. All over the world
men and women of good will
sadly ask: "Why must there be
this contest? Why cannot there
be trust between nations?" The
sad fact is that mistrust, sus-
picion and aggression are inher-
ent characteristics of the Soviet
system at present.
How can it be otherwise? As has
been already pointed out in this
space, even in war time, when So-
viet-American relations were at
their warmest, intercepted dis-
patches of the Soviet Ambassa-
dors in Washingtonkproved to be
mere "Daily Worker" editorials.
The Canadian Royal Commission
investigation has disclosed no less
than five bitterly competing So-
viet espionage nets, which can,
of course, only compete by report-
ing sensations and horrors. Be-

sides these, the Kremlin derives
some information from the execu-
tives of its subordinate Commu-
nist parties. While the Kremlin
bases its policy decisions on data
from such sources, what else could
be expected except what has oc-
Thus there is no way to turn
the Kremlin from its course,
except to confront it with hard
facts-facts of failure in ag-
gression, facts of prosperity and
stability in the Western world
which it is attacking-facts
which cannot be ignored or min-
imized by dialectics. This is the
American task, if the Western
world is to survive.
But in this task in turn we are
too loud, because the President
cannot move the Congress to such
action as the Greece-Turkey aid
bill without driving the lawmakers
forward with the whip of sheer
terror. We are too little, because
the Administration dares not pre-
sent to the hostile Con'gress pro-
grams which will cover the full
needs of the world situation. And
we are too late, because such pro-
grams as are presented must al-
ways wait upon a long process of
preparation and education, both
of Congressional and of public
opinion. We, too, in short, are
prisoners of our governmental
system. Our founders designed
it in a time when the best gov-
ernment was the least govern-
ment. It was the defect of its vir-
tue; it is always in danger of not
working at all. And in these times
a government which does not
work, which is impotent to act, is
a short way to national disaster.
Congress has its ample quota of
petty politicians, blind reaction-
aries and narrow men complacent-
ly wallowing in their own ignor-
ance, but the real fault is not with
Congress, which is simply an av-
erage body of Americans, with
plenty of decent, industrious in-
telligent men to balance against
the bad apples in the barrel. The
real fault is with the system. Un-
der our system the Executive has
a monopoly of information, but
no power to act without the Con-
gress, while the Congress lacks the
information by which to judge the
Executive's proposals for action.
The result is semi-stalemate. The
stalemate can be overcome only
by developing the insufficient be-
ginning of the so-called bi-parti-
san foreign policy into an entirely
new relationship between the Ad-
ministration and the Congress.
The urgent need for this new re-
lationship is the real lesson of
the last six months.
(Copyright 1947, N. Y. Tribune Inc.)
Although it would be departing
from precedent for Congressional
committees to clean up unfinish-
ed business between sessions, we
do not believe such precedents are
of great value. It would be en-
couraging to have precedent brok-
en, to have public hearings com-
pleted on the measures and
to have the bill-drafting done
before Congress reconvenes. That
would give additional time for
sober and informed debate in
Congress and time also for the
people generall to give Congress
their views on the matter. It
woud give assurance that impor-
tant bills would not again be
caught in a last-minute legislative
jam, which was hteir fate at this
-The New York Times

Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the office of the
Summer Session, Room 1213 Angell
Publication in The Daily Offici
Hall, by 3:00 p.m. on the day pre-
ceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat-
VOL. LVII, No. 26S
Admission - School of Business
Administration. Deadline for ap-
plicants for Fall Semester ad-
mission - Auguts 15. Application
blanks available in Room 108 Tap-
pan Hall.
Seniors: College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts,Schools of
Education. Music and Public
Health: Tentative lists of seniors
for August graduation have been
posted on the bulletin Board in
Room 4 University Hall. If your
name does not appear, or if in-
cluded there, is not correctly
spelled, please notify the counter
Edward G. Groesbeck
Assistant Registrar
Teacher Placement:
We have a call for a person to
teach two advanced classes in
French in a nearby high school
for the 1947-48 session Classes
are at nine and eleven o'clock.
Anyone qualified and interested
can obtain further information at
the Bureau of Appointments, 201
Mason Hall.
Civil Service:
State of Michigan Civil Service
Commission announces examina-
tion for Liquor Field Representa-
tive I, Game Reserve Biologist A,
Game Biologist I, and Payroll
Clerk A.
City of Detroit Civil Service
Commission announces examina-
tion for Technical Aide for Gen-
eral, Business Administration, En-
gineering, and Medical Science;
Senior General Staff Nurse; and
Head Hospital Nurse.
The Wayne County Civil Service
Commission announces examina-
tion for Psychologist I. Call at
the Bureau of Appointments for
further information.
General Placement:
The Peerless Cement Company
of Detroit will interview men in-
terested in Sales, on Friday, Aug-
ust 1, at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments. Call extension 371 for ap-
Bur. of Appts. & Occup. Inf.
Doctoral Examination for John
William Beamesderfer, Chemistry;
thesis: "Degree of Wetting of Un-
contaminated Solids by Organic
Liquids," Friday, August 1, at 3
p.m. in the East Council Room,
Rackham. Chairman, F. E. Bar-
Ralph A. Sawyer
--- *
Approved Social Events for this
Week: fAfternoon events are
marked with an asterisks: July 30,
Brown League House; August 1,
AVC, IRA, Michigan Union, Mich-
igan League, and Student Legis-
lature Dance; August 2, Alpha
Phi Alpha, Delta Tau Delta, In-
terco-operative Council, Theta Xi;
August 3, Michigan Sailing Club
Regatta. *
La p'tite causette meets every
Tuesday and Wednesday at 3:30
in the Grill Room of the Michi-
gan League and on Thursdays at
4:00 at the International Center.
All students interested in inform-
al French conversation are cor-
dially invited to join this group.
The Graduate Outing Club will
go on a trip to the Pinebrook
Farm Youth Hostel on August 2nd
and 3rd. For information see the
list at the check desk in the Rack-
ham Building. Please sign up be-

fore 5 p.m. on Friday.
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity
(Epsilon Chapter) will meet on
Thursday, July 31, at 7:00 p.m.. at
the Union. Refunds and invita-
tions will be distributed.
Dr. Donald D. Brand, Professor
of Anthropo-Geography and Head
of the Department of Anthropolo-
gy, University of New Mexico, and
recently Cultural Geographer in
Mexico for the Institute of Social
Anthropology of the Smithsonian
Institution, will lecture on "Sci-
entific and Cultural Relations be-
tween the United States and Mex-
ico," Thursday, July 31, at 4:10
p.m., R a c k h a m Amphitheatre.
This is a lecture in the Summer
Session Lecture Series, "The
United States in World Affairs.'
The public is invited.
Mr. L. C. Hill, L.L.D., C.B.E.,
former Executive Secretary of the
National Association of Local Gov-
ernment Officers in Great Britair
and Lecturer at the University of

Exeter will lecture on "Trends in
Public Administration: The Fu-
ture of Local Government in Great
Britain," Tuesday, August 5, at
4:10 p.m., Rackham Amphithea-
tre. The public is invited.
James L. Jarrett, Professor of
Philosophy at the University of
Utah, will give a lecture, "Veri-
fication and Exploration in Poe-
try," to the Acolytes, Tuesday,
August 5, at 7:30 p.m., East Con-
ference Room, Rackham Build-
ing. Open to the public.
Academic Notices
History Language Examination
for the M.A. degree: Saturday,
August 2, at 10 o'clock, Room B,
Haven Hall. Each student is re-
sponsible for his own dictionary
and also must register at the His-
tory Department Office before
taking the examination.
Carillon Recital: Percival Price,
University Carillonneur, will pre-
sent an All Mozart Program
Thursday evening, July 31, 7:15
p.m. The compositions will include
Romance from "Eine kleine Nach-
musik," Sonata (arr. from Violin
Sonata No. 18), Ave Vtums 1
and 2, Glockenspiel musik from
"The Magic Flute," and the
Waltzes 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 10, 12.
The Regular Thursday Evening
Record Concert sponsored by the
Graduate School will include Mo-
zart's "Hunt" Quartet, Bach Arias
and Organ Music. All graduate
students are cordially invited.
Student Recital: Students of
the School of Music from classes
in Theory and Musicology will
present a Panorama of Secular
Music of the Middle Ages, Renais-
sance, and Baroque, Thursday
evening, July 31, at 8:30 in the
Rackham Assembly Hall, under
the direction of Louise E. Cuyler.
The program will include compo-
sitions for a brass ensemble, di-
rected by Paul Bryan, a madrigal
group, conducted by Wayne Dun-
lap, and a chamber orchestra, un-
der the direction of Edwyn Hames.
The public is cordially invited.
Student Recital: Frank W,
Baird, cornetist, assisted by Grace
Harriman Sexton, pianist, Noah
A. Knepper, oboist, and Mary Al-
ice Duncan, pianist, will be heard
in a recital 8:30 Friday evening,
August 1, in the Rackham Assem-
bly Hall. Mr. Baird, a student of
Haskell Sexton, will play compo-
sitions by Haydn, Hindemuth, Em-
mauel, and Barat. The program,
presented in partial fulfillment of
the requirements for the Master
of Music Degree, will be open to
the public.
Student Recital: Warren Allen,
Baritone, will be heard in aF re-
cital at 8:30 Saturday evening,
August 2, in the Rackham Assem-
bly Hall, as partial fulfillment of
the requirements for the degree
of Master of Music. Mr. Allen
a pupil of Arthur Hackett, will
present a program including three
groups of Italian, German, and
French songs, Promesse de mon
avenir, from Massenet's Le Roi
de Lahore, and a group of English
songs. The public is cordially in-


Summer Session Chorus: The
University of Michigan Summer
Session Chorus, Mary Muldowney,
Conductor, will present its annual
summer concert at 4:15 Sunday
afternoon, August 3, in Hill Audi-
torium. The first part of the
program includes songs by the
Chorus, and two organ selections
played by Grayson Brottmiller and
Elizabeth Powell. Elizabeth Green,
violinist, and Celia Chao and El-
izabeth Powell, pianists, assist the
Chorus in Brahms' "Love Songs"
followed by Barber's "D o v e r
Beach" played by the String Quar-
tet, with Howard Hatton, Bari-
tone, as soloist, and a selection by
the Vocal Quartet. The public is
cordially invited.
Photographs of Summer Fungi
of Michigan, Rotunda Museums
Building. July and August.
The Museum, of Art: Exhibi.-
tion of Prints-Vanguard Group,
Ann Arbor Art Association Col-
lection,and from the Permanent
Collection. July 1-28. Alumni
Memorial Hall, daily, except Mon-
day, 10-12 and 2-5; Sundays, 2-5.
The public is cordially invited.
Museum of Archaeology. Cur-
rent Exhibit, "Life in a Roman
Town in Egypt from 30 B.C. to
400 A.D." Tuesday through Fri-
day, 9-12, 2-5; Saturday, 9-12;
Friday evening, 7:30-9:30; Sun-
day 3-5.
Exhibit of American Photo-
graphy, Daily. July 28 to August
8, Ground Floor, Exhibition Hall,
Architecture Building.
law o n a



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