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(d Student Publications.
Managing Editors .. Paul Harsha, Milton Freudenheim
City News ................................ Clyde Becht
University ............................ Natalie Bagrow
sports .................................... Jack Martin
Women's .................................. Lynne Ford
Business Manager..................... Janet Cork
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member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
NIGHT EDITOR: CINDY REAGAN
Editorials published It The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
STUDENTS and workers overthrew the Bolivian
dictatorship of President Gualberto Villarroel
ljonday after a four-day purge and revolt. A re-
ported 259 persons were killed in the fighting
and Dictator Villarroel was hanged. While the
revolution was regrettably bloody, it should be
remembered that Villarroel left office in the
manner in which he took it. He came in as a
dictator in a military coup, and ruled Blivia
as a totalitarian state.
On Dec. 20, 1943, Villarroel ousted President
Enrique Penaranda. Eleven months later, No-
vember 20, 1944, he ordered a massacre of Boli-
vian political leaders which has rested like a
firecracker under his window ever since. A week
ago Thursday, he was responsible for the tragic
death of a group of university students who
voiced their opinion of his regime. These stu-
dents, at the national university at La Paz,
spearheaded the rebellion which threw the dic-
Placing a justice of the supreme court in of-
fice, the rebels formed a provisional govern-
ment healed by representatives of labor, the
university faculty, and of course, the students,
The government has proclaimed democratic
aims, promising general elections as soon as
lfossible. Civil rights were immnedigtely restored
to ousted political leaders, and political prison-
ers of the Villarroel regime were freed.
Although a week old, the Bolivian student-
worker revolution has already had far-reaching
repercussions. In Washington, an official of the
Pan American Union has bitterly accused the
U.S State Department of making a "conspicu-
otis contribution" to the revolt in its charge that
the December, 1943 revolution was "foreign in-
spired and Nazi in character and intention."
At the same time, a Chicago Sun correspon-
dent in Buenos Aires claims that the Villarroel
dictatorship was always on shaky ground, and
that it was maintained in office only through the
recognition of our State Department! This re-
port charges that the United States recognized
Villarroel after an American investigator report-
ed that Bolivians were not yet ready for democ-
rac and urged that the U.S. continue its Argen-
tine policy of playing along with the man on top
for reasons of military security. If this is so,
the student and labor-inspired revolt this week
should be a warning to the groip in the State
Deirtment which seems. always ready to find
othir nationals "not yet ready for democracy."
1"ects of the revolt in neighboring Squth
A !crican countries are showing themselves.
Ti re are rumors of Argentine intervention
which might combine the return to office of
IF&ivian dictator-militarists (by Argentine
ditator-militarist Peron) with usurpation of
Bolivia's lucrative oil and tin supply (20 per
cent of the world's tin).a
More concrete and a good deal more promising
are ,he effects of the Bolivian revolution on Para-
guay. There, President Higinio Morinigo has
anounced the resignation of his cabinet in
ord r to permit the entrance of two previously:
out'3wed political parties into the government.
Th Paraguayan National Republicans and
Feb-erista, which have been barred from parti-
W HILE REP. ANDREW MAY'S illness has re-
lived him from the necessity of testifying
immediately about his role in the Erie Basin war
contract scandels, he is simultaneously suffering
defeat on another front. Military control of
atomic energy, one of Rep. May's favorite causes,
seems to be a dying threat.
The Senate-House conference committee which
is now considering this subject has decided that
all members of the atomic energy control board
shall be civilians. It has also provided that any
acts of the military man who will direct military
aspects of the atomic bomb shall be subject to
the control of the civilian commission.
These decisions must be attributed to the un-
precedented public concern about the threat
of atomic war. Groups which ordinarly evince
only the slightest interest about such questions
of public policy became very vocal in this in-
When the Senate was first debating the sub-
ject, there was a national conference held in
Washington to influence opinion in the Senate.
Besides the usual labor and liberal delegations,
such social organizations as the YMCA and the
American Association of University Women sent
representatives to this conference. In spite of the
I'DRATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
JOS ANGELES-During the war we did develop
a certain heightened social sense, a kind of
concern about each other, which was one of the
few sweet and lovely products of a horrid time.
But the social sense is not one of the strong
characteristics of our postwar mood; it has been
fading. While it would be wrong to accuse the
nation of having become entirely callous with
the coming of the peace, it remains true that
we show a certain obtuseness today, in human
and social relations, which we would not have
permitted ourselves during the war.
One thinks, for example, of those newspaper
editorials which say so cheerfully, that even if
butter does cost from 80 to 90 cents today, it is,
at least, thank goodness, available. Well, it isn't
really available, unless the 80 or 90 cents are al-
so available, with which to purchase it, and for
many Americans the 80 or 90 cents are not
The smug tone of this approach, which places
the entire problem, not on the level of the sound
social distribution of butter, but on the level of
the convenience of the well-heeled customer, is
postwar in feeling. During the war we would not
have thought in these terms; and if we had
thought in these terms, we would not have spok-
en our thought.
In other words, we are no longer a com-
mittee of the whole, in the same sense in which
we were one before peace came and there are
many illustrations of this subtle change in our
mood, this peace-change which resembles a
A special mid-July crop survey by the govern-
ment seemed to indicate the other day, that we
can expect a record *heat harvest, and immed-
iately an anonymous Department of Agricul-
ture official gave the glad news to the press that
this might mean a return of lighter-colored bread
to American consumers.
The return of lighter-colored bread stands
about ninety-fifth on the list of hot issues of the
moment; and this happy prophecy,.which was
printed everywhere, must have made odd reading
in Britain, which has just gone on bread ration-
ing with riots and dismay.
It must have been made even stranger read-
ing in India and China, both of which are suf-
fering hunger (the Indian rations is now below
1,000 calories a day) and both of which countries
we have sort of by-passed, because to have ac-
cepted their food problems fully would have
kept us from being able to say, statistically, that
the world's hunger crisis was over.
I do not' blame the Agricultural official for
thinking first of lighter-colored bread; one thinks
what one must think, according to one's chem-
istry, and the chemistry of the times. But the
point remains that during the war we would
not have thought in these, terms, and if we had,
we wouldn't have spoken in them.
And some of the labor unions have mourn-
fully proposed a new government-sponsored
labor-management conference, to work out
wage scales at which a sound nutritional level
could be maintained under current prices;
and while a group of economists, engineers and
educators, led by Mr. Morris L. Cooke, has, in
effect, endorsed this idea, the general reaction
is rather cool. Yet this is exactly the kind of
problem (how to get enough to eat) whih,
during the war, we solved firmly by price con-
trol and rationing; and one feels again the
curious, clammy touch of the postwar mood
in our masive indifference to this same prob-
lem, newly presented after the peace.
For our mood has changed; we, who were
joined together in the fight for victory, have
lost each other's hands in the hour of suc-
cess; our thoughts turn inward, and we seem
bent on accomplishing the dubious miracle of
breaking up the great, mutual triumph into a
proliferation of tiny, individual defeats.
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
assertion of Senator Joseph Ball of Minnesota
that "only Communist organizations want civil-
ian control of atorfiic energy," these groups stuck
to their program.
The effect of this campaign can not be under-
estimated. At one stage in the Senate fight Sen.
Vandenberg introduced an amendment which
would, it was charged, have given the Army vir-
tual veto powers over the decisions of the civil-
ian control commission. Sen. Vandenberg re-
ceived over 70,000 letters protesting his action,
and consequently withdrew the amendment.
Right down the line, the people's organizations
fought for their point of view. One of the major
developments was the organization and active
lobbying of scientists' groups all over the nation.
The fear that Army bungling and controls would
enter the research laboratories brought the sci-
entists out into the street, shouting their heads
When the bill emerges from the conference
committee, it must then be passed by. both
Houses of Congress. It seems fairly certain that
the Senate will approve the new bill with a.
minimum of debate, but there is a real danger
that it .will not be approved by the House of
Representatives. For that reason, the campaign
must be renewed, and it must be continued
until the bill is safely signed into law by Pres.
Unfortunately, this matter has to a large ex-
tent lost public attention during the recent con-
cern about OPA. But where the OPA extension
bill represents a defeat for the forces of progress,
the atomic energy control bill can be an almost
complete victory. There is certain to be a bitter
fight when this bill gets to the House. Rep. May,
even though his heart may be too bad to permit
him to testify on his alleged corrupt practices,
is perhaps well enough to throw his weight
against this bill. Rep. Thomas of N.J., who
doubles as hatchet-man for the Committee on
Un-American Activities, has announced his in-
tention of opposing the bill. The final decision
will depend on the votes of such men as Rep.
Michener from this district.
',]elerJto (le,(2 cIor
To the Editor:
WIH MOST OF US facing a more difficult
economic struggle in the near future to
maintain our effort to complete our education,
only an infinitely small number: of students
thought it worthwhile to attend the pro-OPA
meeting which was held here last Tuesday. Has
moral decay overcome the once proud student
body of the University?
Naturally, not much can be expected from stu-
dents who have been weaned quite recently, but
has lethargy set in among the vets? Surely, there
must be some fight left in you-or did we fight
for years for the privilege of selling apples?
There is still time to realize that you have a
stake in the future-so get the lead out of your
pants and get busy.
(I don't belong to A.V.C., in case you think
this is a disguised membership drive.)
SEVERAL ANGLES of the Mead Committee's
investigation of war profiteering should be
relentlessly explored. The public should insist
on vigorous exposure both of profiteers and of
their political partners.
There is some danger that Congressmen will
try to head off the latter line of investigation.
This is shown in the measure of sympathy 'nd
support given in the House of Representatives
to Andrew J. May's claim that hry is being per-
secuted in contection with his activities on be-
half of the Garsson companies .. .
Congressmen quite often helped firms in their
districts to obtain war oders. In many cases
this was a legitimate service, simply putting the
Army and Navy in touch with plants padly
needed for specific jobs. In such cases Congress-
men should not fear investigation. And if there
were many who went beyond that, the country
ought to know about it.
As a matter of fact, it would be a healthful
thing if the public became a bit more aware of
the business or professional interests which some
Congressmen pursue on the side. A more meti-
culous standard of ethics about this sort of thing
should be established. Aside from whatever
further value may come out of the following May
case, we hope the inquiry will dig deep.
If civilization is, the art of being civil then the
pessimists are right in assuming that the western
civilization is nearly ended, over and done with. I
found more courtesy among the pagan tribes of
northern Nigeria, indeed among all native tribes
of West Africa, than..... anywhere in Great Bri-
tain which-to me at least-now seems to be the
home of the law of the jungle.
in Knickerbocker Weekly
In the red-clay country around
Marietta, Ga., an old story was re-
told. An ancient and destitute woman
had scrabbled for years in one of
the town's back streets. One day she
took sick and a squad of church
ladies moved in, tidied her shack,
bathed her, dressed her in clean
clothes and tucked her into a clean
bed. When they called next day,
they found the old women and her
bed back in the familiar rags. "I just
wasnt comfortable," she explained.
"I'll have to get used to them clean
Last week, rural Georgia was com-
tortable again. After nearly four years
of wearing the laundered government
of chubby Governor Ellis Arnall
(who cannot succeed himself under
state law), she had gone back to his
skinny, wild-eyed predecessor, 6 -
year-~old ex-Governor Eugene Tal-
madge. Talmadge's onceudiscarded
political union suit still smelled of
demagoguery, Klan support and
white supremacy. But it felt easy in
... Gene had always had the farmers
by their pet prejudices. Once more,
he snapped his red galluses at them,
borrowed chaws of cut plug from
crowds, ranted about the Negro men-
ace, the labor menace, the new car-
petbaggers-and promised little but
a return to normalcy, Georgia style.
Listening to Gene, the farmers
had suddenly realized what it was
that had been binding them so long.
It was them damn clean clothes.
" 1 Zotsa To...r g Dse U. 5,th Oa s t,'ra49 "
46..It was a big supercharged Diesel job with a semi-trailer."
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the office of 'the Summer Ses-
sion, Room i213 Angell Hall by 3:30 p.m.
on the day preceding pubilication (12:00
SATURDAY, JULY 27, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 18S
Notice to Faculty and Veterans:
Requisitions for Veterans' books and
supplies will be honored only through
Wednesday, July 31, for Summer
University Women Veterans As-
sociation: There will be a meeting
of all service women at 7:00 Monday
evening, July 29, Michigan League.
Because By-Laws for the organiza-
tion are to be submitted for adoption,
it is requested that all women vet-
erans be present in order to partici-
pate in this and other features of
State of Michigan Civil Service An-
nouncements have been received in
the. office' for:
1. Student Psychiatric Social Work-
er A, $174-$190.
2. Psychiatric Social Worker AL'
3. Psychiatric Social Work Admin-
istrator I, $200-$240.
4. Psychiatric Social Worker Ad-
ministrator II, $250-$290.
Closing date is August 14, 1946.
For further information, call at
the Bureauof Appointments, 201
City of Detroit Civil Service Com-
mission Announcements have been
received in this office for:
1.. Occupational Therapist, $2,591-
$2,936. Closing date is Aug. 9.
2. X-Ray Technician, $2,373-$2,-
769. Closing date is Aug. 8.
3. Trained Nursing Attendent, $2,-
315-$2,385. Closing date is Aug. 8.
4. Nutritionist, $2,657-$2,930. Clos-
ing date is Aug. 7.
5. Student Technical Assistant
Specialties: Engineering, Business
Administration, General Science,
Physical Education, Social Science,
$1,928-$2,080s Closing date is Aug. 7.
6. Student Social Worker, $2,109-
$2,295. Closing date is Aug. 6.
7. Social Case Worker, $2,475-$2,-
835. Closing date is Aug. 6.
8. Medical Social Case Worker,
$2,898-$3,312. Closing date is Aug. 6.
For further information call at
the Bureau of Appointments and Oc-
cupational Information, 201 Mason
Veterans' Wives' Club will not
meet during the remaining summer
months. The next meeting will be
on October 7.
There will be a lecture by Francis
D. Curtis, Professor of Education, on
Monday, July 29, at 4:05 p.m. in the
University High School Auditorium.
The topic will be "Ways of Improv-
ing Classroom Practice." The pub-
lic is invited.
There will be a lecture by Mark W.
Bills, Superintendent of Schools,
Flint on Tuesday, July 30 at 4:05 p.m.
in the University High School Audi-
torium, The topic will be "The 'Cov-
er-up' Policy in School Administra-
There will be a lecture by Warren
S8. Thompson, Director of the Scripps
Foundation for Research in Popula-
tion Problems, Miami University on
Tuesday, July 30 at 8:10 p.m. in the
Rackham Amphitheatre. The topic
will be "The Impact of Science on
Population Growth." The publiq is
invited to attend.
Professor Eugene A. Nida of the
Summer Institute of Linguistics at
the University of Oklahoma, will lec-
ture on Wednesday, July 31, at 7:30
p.m., at the Rackham. Amphitheatre.
The topic will be, "Systems of For-
mal Syntactic Structure." This lec
ture is under the auspices of the
Linguistic Institute of the University
of Michigan, and the public is in-
vited to attend.
There will be a lecture by Sumner
H. Slichter, Professor of Economics,
Harvard University, on Wednesday,
July 31 at 8:10 p.m. in the Rackham
Amphitheatre. The topic will be
"Economic Changes Produced by
The public is invited to attend.'
Professor Slichter's lecture was
changed from August 13 to July .31.
Graduate courses dropped after the
fourth week of the Summer Session
will be recorded with a grade of E,
by a recent action of the Executive
Board of the Graduate School.
History Language Examination for
the M.A. Degree: Saturday, July
27th, 10 o'clock, Room B, Haven Hall.
Each student is responsible for his
own dictionary. No other language
examination to be given this summer.
Doctoral Examination for Dorothy
Irene Marquart, Psychology; thesis:
"The Pattern of Punishmesnt and Its
Relation to Abnormal Fixation in
Adult Human Subjects," Saturday,
July 27, at 10:00 a.m. in Rm. 4128
Natural Science. Chairman, N. R. F.
Students, College of ,Engineering:
The final day for dropping a course
without record will be Saturday, July
27. Courses may be dropped only
with the permission of the classifier
after conference with the instructor
in the course.
To Graduate Students in Educa-
tion. The preliminary examinations
for the doctorate in the School of
Education will be. held on August
26-27-28. Anyone desiring to take
these examinations should notify my
office, 4000 University High School
on or before August 2.
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for August: A list of candi-
dates has been posted on the bulletin
board of the School of Education,
Room 1431 University Elementary
School. Any prospective candidate
whose name does not appear on this
list should call at the office of the
Recorder of the School of Educa-
August 7, English Literature 1500-
August 10, English Literature-Be-
ginnings to 1500.
The examination will be held from
9:00 to 12:00 on the days indicated.
Candidates should report to 3221
A.H. for instructions. Anyoe desir-
ing to take the examinations should
see Professor Marckwardt immediate-
ly if he has not already done so.
dCM 210eminar meeting on Tues-
day, July 30 at 4:00 p.m. in Rn. 3201
East Engineering Building. The
speakers will be S. A. Genden: Study
of Plastic Flow of Resins at High
Rates'of Shear and D. E. Hawkins:
Fischer-Troppch Fluid Catalysts.
Doctoral Examination for Waldo
Emerson Blanchet, Education; thesis:
"A Basis for the Selection of Courses
Content for Survey Courses in the
Natural Sciences, Tuesday, July 30,
at 4:00 p.m. in the East Council Room,
Rackham. Chairman, F. D. Curtis.
Faculty Concert Series: Yves Tin-
ayre, baritone, will present his second
program, Sunday evening, July 28, at
8:30 in the First Presbyterian Church.
Washtenaw Avenue. Mr. Tinayre's
program will include Chancon, "Ver-
gine bella" by Dufay, Motet for East-
er, "Confltemini Domino" by Gom-
bert, "Mit ganzcem Willen" by Pau-
mann, Sinfonia and Motet "Erbarm
dich mein" by Schutz, Salve Regina
by Porpora, and Kirchenkantate No.
4, "Die Engelein" by Kriedel. By
request Mr. Tinayre will perform, in
addition to the announced program,
an unknown work of de Pres.
The public is cordially invited.
Faculty Concert Series: On Mon-
day evening, July 29, in Rackham
Lecture Hall at 8:30, Lee Pattison,
pianist, will present his fourth pro-
gram in the current series of lecture
recitals. Mr. Pattison's program will
include: Barcarolle, Op. 60, Polon-
aise. in F-sharp minor,,Op. 44, Six
Etudes, and Sonata in B-fiat minor
by Chopin. The recital is open to
the public without charge.
University of Michigan Summer
Session Band: The University of
Michigan Summer Session Band, con-
ducted by W iliam D. Revelli, will
present a concert in Hill Auditorium,
Tuesday evening, July 30, at 8:30.
The prodgam will include March
Dunedin by Alford, Jesu Joy of Man's
Desiring by Bach, Overture to La
Dame De Coeur by Gagnier, Stars
in a Velvety Skay by Clarke, Entr'
actefrom Orestes by Taneyev, Trop-
ical by Gould, Newsreel by Schuman,
Spanish March Bravada by Curzon,
First Movement from Second Sym-
phony by Borodin, Percussion Melee
by Ganz, Symphonie Moderne by
Steiner, Marcho Poco and Rhyth-
metic by Moore and March of the
Free Peoples by Darcy.
The public is cordially invited.
Vronsky and Babin, distinguished
performers of music for two pianos,
will be heard in a special summer
,concert Thursday night, August 8, in
Hill Auditorium. They will be pre-
sented under the auspices of the Uni-
versity Musical Society.
Tickets may be purchased at the
offices of the University Musical
Society, Burton Memorial Tower, at
By Crockett Johnson
All those in
favor ... ?
Mr. Mayor, ! object. This bill to-
erect tents on the green is being
railroaded through the Council-
.. . ,
[,e newvw- PM, I.x.
S Pa: Qri '
_ _ / I
I'm worried about O'Malley. It was
his idea. And he's not getting any
credit. Suppose he kicks up a fuss?