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July 26, 1946 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1946-07-26

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See Page 2

Sir uyr





MaySuffers Hea rt
Attack on Eve of
Senate Testimony
Will Be Unable To Testify Tomorrow
On Connection with Munitions Combine

Truman Signs Bill To Revive OPA;
Ceilings on Most Items Restored
President Suggests He May Call
Special Session to Raise Taxes
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 25-President Truman signed the new Price Con-
trol Act "with reluctance" today-and with a notice to Congress that if it
proved inadequate, he will call a special session to strengthen it and perhaps
raise taxes.
The bill was signed into law at 4:05 p.m. (Central Daylight Time). At
e .> .that moment the rent and price ceilings which lapsed June 30 went back-
into force, except on items specifically exempted.
Two hours later the President sent a message to Congress to place on
Sk l,.*the "record a statement that the measure "falls far short" of being one with
which his administration could guarantee "stable prices."
But he said that "while the present measure by no means guarantees
that inflation can be avoided," it offers enough promise that he was willing
to accept it and try.
Then, he declared that because of its "defects" and "the months of
delay" by Congress in passing it, "it is all the more apparent that nore
"t extensive use of the power to allocate scarce materials may be required and

WASHINGTON, July 25-(R)-The
Senate War Investigating Committee
announced tonight that it had been
notified Rep. May (Dem.-Ky.) had
suffered a heart attack and would
be unable to testify tomorrow on his
connections with a midwest muni-
tions combine.
Chairman Mead (Dem.-N.Y.) said
the information came to the com-
mittee through May's attorney, War-
ren Magee. Magee told the Commit-
House To Raise
Salaries Grant
Retirement Pay
Number of Conferenct.
Committees Reduced
WASHINGTON, July 25-(A)-The
House tonight passed, 229 to 61 a
bill to boost salaries of Congressmen,
make them eligible for pensions, and
overhaul the machinery by which
they work.
The tradition-shattering measure,
among other things, slashes the num-
ber of House committees from 48
to 19 and of Senate committees from
33 to 15.
The Senate passed similar legis-
lation June 11. The two versions will
be sent to a Senate-House confer-
ence committee for adjustment of
The Senate measure would increase
the yearly pay of members from $10,-
000 to $15,000, but the House voted
to limit the raise to $12,500 annual-
Under the House version, however,
a $2,500 yearly, tax-free expense fund
for members would be retained. Un-
der the Senate's bill this allowance
would be abolished.
The Senate measure also provided
for an $8,000-a-year administrative
assistant for each legislator, but the
House refused to accept this pro-
The House rejected by a voice vote
an amendment by Rep. Judd (Rep.-
Minn.) to provide a $6,800-a'year as-
sistant. It also turned down by a
116 to 32 standing vote an amend-
ment by Rep. Poage (Dem.-Texas)
for a $5,000-a-year additional clerk.
The House decision on the measure
as a whole was by a voice vote.
Earlier the supporters of the meas-
ure had won a series of test votes.
Dr. E 'G. Huber,
T' Alumnus
:dies in Boston

tee that May was rushed to his home
where he would have to remain
"quietly for several days."
May had been expected to appear
at that time for questioning under
oath on reports that he lent his in-
fluence to the combine in obtaining
contracts, advance payments, mater-
ial and manpower.
Call Executive Session
Sources close to the Mead Com-
mittee said that it would note for-
mally May's absence at its early'
morning hearing tomorrow, and then
probably go into executive session
to decide upon whether to call May's
physician for a first-hand report on
his condition.
These sources said that there was
a possibility that the Committee may
then decide whether it will designate
a physician of its own to examine
The report of May's illness came
as Senate- investigators probed into
a story that he appealed to Gen.
Eisenhower on behalf of a muni-
tions maker's son facing courtmartial
for disobedience.
Committee Quizzes Generals
Meantime, President Truman, com-
menting on the investigation into
the Garsson munitions combine, said
at a news conference that he was
sorry to see some of the things that
have happened.
Switching suddenly from its in-
quiry into May's part in the war-
time business affairs of a munitions
combine, the Committee called two
generals to a private session to find
out more about the case of Capt.
Joseph H. Garsson, who was granted
clemency after being found guilty.
Typhoid Scare
Hits Detrtoit

Truman Names,
Leaders to Key
Economic Posts

INDIAN LEADERS . . . Pandit Nehru (left) and Moh andas Gandhi enjoy a chuckle at the AJI-Indian Con-
gress meeting in^Bombay, where Nehru took office as congress president.

Complete Results Of A-Bomb
Explosion Not Yet Dete-rmined

Beginning of Epidemic
Traced to Reception
DETROIT, July 25-0P)-The most
severe epidemic of typhoid fever in
the Detroit area in more than a
decade has resulted from a church
reception in suburban Highland Park
last June 24, Dr. Charles J. Barone,
Director of the Highland Park Health
Department, disclosed today.
Twenty-two typhoid cases have
been traced to the reception and one
11-year-old boy died of the disease,
Dr. Barone reported.
"We think we have it pretty well
under control now, however," hes
added, although one new case has
been reported in the last 24 hours.
Dr. Barone said all 210 persons
who came into contact with the car-
rier have been examined and an
elderly woman believed to be the
carrier has been found.
Emphasizing the difficulty of
checking the epidemic, he said the
bride and groom now are in Min-
nesota and the other contacts are
in Detroit, Dearborn and Traverse
City as well as Highland Park.
Get Your Ensian
Distribution of the Michigan-
ensian will continue today from
10 to 12 a.m. and from 1 to 4 p.m.
sales manager Carol Siebert an-
nounced yesterday.
Additional distribution of the
college yearbook is scheduled for
next week, Miss Siebert said. She
asked students to bring with them
identification or receipts.

Aboard U.S.S. Appalachian, Bikini,
Friday, July 26-(P-To what ex-
tent the 'giant hand of the atomic
bomb laid its deadly grip on 75 target
ships 'anchored* in' the radioactive
waters of this lagoon was still being
.determined today.
This much was known-ten sips
including the battleship Arkansas
and aircraft carrier Saratoga were
Beals To Speak
At Rackhcim
"Modern Indian Problems in Latin
America" will be the topic of a sum-
mer University lecture by Prof. Ralph
L. Beals at 4:10 today in Rackham
Prof. Beals, professor of anthro-
pology at the University of Californ-
ia, has recently been appointed to
the Joint Committee on Latin Ameri-
ca Studies, sponsored by three ma-
jor research councils. He has made
numerous field studies in Latin
America, particularly of Mexican In-
dian groups, and has had a mono-
graph published recently by the
Smithsonian Institute.
Jews Protest
Planned Meeting
LONDON, July 25 - (P) - Britain
announced plans today for an early
conference of Arab and Jewish lead-
ers on problems of Palestine and
European Jewry, but the Jewish.
agency declared it would boycott any
talks making immigration of 100,000
Jewish refugees contingent on Arab
Meanwhile, Arab sources reported
Anglo - American negotiators had
reached virtual agreement on a plan
to split Palestine into communal
units of Jews and Arabs, similar to
American counties.

resting on the bottom, sunk by yes-
terday's first underwater atomic ex-
Six more, including the battleships
New York and Nagato, the light car-
rier Independence, heavy cruiser Pen-
sacola, destroyer Hughes and trans-
port Fallon, were damaged.
Observer ships carrying scientists
and Navy men eager to assess the full
damage to the guinea pig fleet re-en-
tered the lagoon ThursdaX, some less
than nine hours after the under-
water blast was touched off.
Crews were alerted, however, to
move out to high seas again should
radioactive waters drift south from
the northeast section of the lagoon
where the bomb was detonated. Two
tugs attempting to beach the mortal-
ly wounded Saratoga were frustrated
by radiation of lagoon waters.
Preliminary damage assessments
showed, however, that the 15 target
ships sunk or damaged were all close
to the detonation center.
There was no way to estimate the
blast pressure on ships' hulls until
official observers had free access to
lagoon waters.
At Kwajalein, Rear Admiral Ralph
A. Oftsie, member of the joint Chiefs
of Staff Evaluation Board, pointed
out that until divers complete their
investigation it will be impossible to
determine whether a capital ship such
as the Arkansas was sunk by pressure
exerted from underneath on the com-
paratively weak bottom or from
abeom on her far stronger side
armor. He had just flown over Biki-
U' Religious
Is success

Civilians May
Supervise Newe
AtoMic Power
Joint Conference
Agrees On Measure
WASHINGTON, July 25-(IP)-Ad-
vocates of civilian control of Atomic
Energy won a victory today as a Sen-
ate-House Conference Committee
reached an agreement on a bill for
domestic control of the awesome new
The conferees accepted a Senate
provision that all five members of
the Control Board shall be civilians.
The House had voted to make at least
one a military man.
Also approved by the conferees
were Senate provisions giving the
government a virtual perpetual mon-
opoly on patents and inventions in
the atomic field.
The Senators accepted 'a House
clause permitting the military, if the
President so decides, to make casings
for atomic weapons.
Some of the House conferees ex-
pressed dissatisfaction with today's
decision, and indicated they would
fight when the conference report
comes up for ratification in the
House. It is subject to Senate ap-
proval also.
Burton Chosen Head
Of Book Exchange
The Student Legislature appointed
Dick Burton as the manager of the
Student Book Exchange which will
be operated for the benefit of the
student body this fall.
Burton anounced that the Book
Exchange will begin at the end of the
Summer Session to collect books for
sale at the beginning of the Fall
Term. "Each student will place his
own sale price on the books he turns
in," Burton said. "Payment will be
made after the book has been sold
and a 10 per cent maintenance
charge has been deducted."f

Webb Succeeds Smith
As Budget Director
WASHINGTON, July 25- (W) -
President Truman all but completed
the administration's new economic
high command set-up today with
selection of James E. Webb as Budget
Director and these other announce-
1. Appointment of John Davidson
Clark of the University of Nebraska
and Leon H. Keyserling of the Feder-
al Housing Agency as members of
the three-man economic -advisory
council. The third member is to be
named later.
2. Transfer of the functions of the
Office of Economic Stabilization,
headed by Chester Bowles, until
Bowles resigned in the recent Con-
gressional OPA fight, to the Office of
War Mobilization and Reconversion
under John R. Steelman.
3. Plans to go outside OPAA for the
members of the new Decontrol Board,
set up to give OPA instructions on
where price ceilings may be imposed.
The President said he was doing that
to make sure the jury wouldn't ce
4. Assignment of George W. Tay-
lor, former chairman of the old War.
Labor Board, as chairman of the
OWMR Advisory Council.
Webb, from Oxford, N.C., and for-
inerly an assistant to Undersecretary
of the Treasury O. Max Gardner,
succeeds Harold D. Smith.
'Buyer Strike
Will Continue,'
Says Reuther

tha~t sterner fiscal and monetary
measures than would otherwise be
called for may prove to be neces-
He called upon consumers and bus-
inessmen to cooperate with the gov-
ernment's efforts in "the battle
against inflation," and delivered this
closing remark:
"If it appears that all the efforts
of the government and the people
will not be enough under the present
legislation, I shall have no alterna-
tive but to call the Congress back in
Special Session to strengthen tbe
price control laws and to enact such
fiscal and monetary legislation as
we need to save us from the threat
of economic disaster."
Tax Rise Possible
The President clearly had a pos-
sible tax rise in mind in this connec'-
tion. Discussing the measures neces-
sary to fight inflation, he mentioned
"further reduction of federal expen-
ditures" and then went on:
"if, despite such measures, infla-
tion still threatens, consideration
must then be given to the formula-
tion of a more rigorous tax policy.
Such a tax program would, I realize,
be unpalatable at a time when we
are doing our utmost to increase pi:o-
duction. but if it is the only alterna-
tive to the ravages of inflation, we
would have no choice."
Reiterates Opposition
The President reiterated his op-
position to the provision retained in
the final act which gives the 1Secre-
tary of Agriculture instead of the
OPA the final say on agricultural
"I pledge the Administration to do
its fill part in this struggle," the
President's message continued. "But
it, imst not be forgott en that the
battle against inflation is not the
government's battle alonic--it is the
people's battle as well.
"Consumers must vigorously resist
exorbitant prices. Black markets
cannot be suppressed solely by en-
forcement measures. Businessmen
must, as controls are progressively re-
moved, exercise self-restraint and
forego the opportunity for short-run
gain from profiteering in savor of
long-run advantage in stable prices
and fair profits."

Dr. Edward Godfrey Huber, an
alumnus of the University and As-
sociate Dean of the Harvard School
of Public Health, died Tuesday in
Boston at the age of 64.
Dr. Huber received'his medical de-
gree from Michigan in 1903. After
a short rural practice, he joined the
Army Medical Corps and graduated
with honors from its medical school
in 1908.
, After retirement from the Medical
Corps in 1938, Dr. Huber joined the
faculty of Harvard University. In
the following year, he was appointed
to the administration division of the
Massachusett's department of public
health. He assumed the active dean-
ship at Harvard in 1942 and was
made a, full professor this year.
Funeral services will be held in
the Harvard Memorial Church, Cam-
bridge. Burial will be in the Arling-
ton National Cemetery, Washington.
Argentine Will
Leeture Today
A lecture in Spanish will be given
today by Prof. Juan Mantovani, pro-
fessor of philosophy at the universi-
ties of Buenos Aires and La Plata.
Prof. Mantovani will speak on
"Sarmiento, the Michigan Doctor" at
3 p.m. today in Rm. 108 of the Ro-
mance Languages Building. In his

DETROIT, July 25-(I)-The CIO
United Auto Workers announced to-
night that they would continue their
buyer strike despite President Tru-
man's signature of the new OPA bill
Walter P. Reuther, UAW President,
declared, "Enactment of the price
control bill which President Trumar
signed today emphasizes the neces-
sity of consumers continuing their
buyer strike in order to stop infla-
Reuther said the UAW's 800,000
members are "continuing their buyer
strike in full force, with the cooper-
ation of veterans, civic, church, com-
munity and other labor groups."


Rent Controls

Cushman Criticizes Military
Control Of Scientific Research

The University of Michigan's uni-
que experiment in introducing relig-
ion into the state-owned institution
is reaching a climax of 15 years of
development, according to Edward
W. Blakeman, University counselor in
religious education.
First inaugurated at the request of
President Alexander G. Ruthven two
years after he was appointed, the
program was designed to show "that
religion can return to the University
through a 'staff' or advisory office
whereas it could never return through
a 'line,' or administrative office, Dr.
Blakeman said.
"In this respect, Michigan has been
exploring a new field and the results
are extremely gratifying," he assert-
ed. "We expect to produce a thorough
report showing the comparative
merits nf nr stem with those of

Dean Furstenberg Cites War
Record of American Doctors'

Evictions Must Comply
With OPA Regulations
WASHINGTON -July 25.-(W --
July 25-Following up President Tru-
man's approval of the OPA Revival
Bill, Rent Administrator Ivan D. Car-
son also announced that the new act
supplants all state and local rent
controls which went into effect since
July 1.
All OPA eviction controls are also
reestablished, Carson said. He added
that all uncomplete eviction procef-
ings by landlords who did not comply
with OPA regulations "are banned."
Carson said the ban applies in all
cases where the tenant still is occupy-
ing living quarters. He emphasized,
however, that tenants actually evict-
ed under local law during the period
when federal controls were not in
effect "cannot regain possession."
Carson announced that effective
August 1, eight more areas will be
brought under Federal rent control.
He said these areas had been sched-
uled for control beginning July 1,
but that this plan had to be post-
poned when the law lapsed.
.ra ,vw, sad +h + w n nnvmvn+,

Prof. Robert E. Cushman, of Cor-
nell University, classed military con-
trol of scientific research as one of
the "most, serious threats to civil
liberties" in a lecture here last night.
Political "witch-hunting" of the
type done by Congressional investi-
gations of un-American activities was
Alen nn+waa nndeirable hv Prnf.

he declared, and fear in the public
mind can produce a panic-stricken
disregard of the rights of others.
The House Committee on Un-
American Activities has "directly
threatened and suppressed freedom
of speech and press and has made bi-
gotry and intolerance respectable by
insisting that it is un-American to
rrifa ininc t,, ct.ra_ c n n n ,.-nnn

Surveying medical progress of the
past decade, Dean A. C. Fursten-
berg of the Medical School said yes-
terday that American surgeons have
a distinguished record of 96 per cent
recovery of all the wounded during
the war.
Names Research Fields
At the outset of the war, he stated,
research in medicine was distrib-
uted mainly between three fields: 1)

tion and cooperation on new re-
searching methods.
Penicillin Praised
The success in the care of the
wounded was attributed to the dis-
covery of penicillin by Sir Alexander
Fleming. "The effect of penicillin on
meningitis is phenomenal," Dean
Furstenberg declared, adding that it
is of great value in the treatment of
syphillis and gonorrhea.
Another wonder drug which made
its annearance during the war. is

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