I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
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Managing Editors .. Paul Harsha, Milton Freudenheim
City News ................................ Clyde Recht
University ...........................Natalie Bagrow
Sports .................................... Jack Martin
Women's .................................. Lynne Ford
Business Staff '
Business Manager..... .............. Janet Cork
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CNICAGO BOSTON * LOS ANGELES - SAN PUANCISCO
NIGHT EDITOR: WILL HARDY
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
'J"HE COMMERCE DEPARTMENT has ex-
pressed concern over the current agricultural
boom which has doubled the farmers' net in-
come and piled up a ten billion dollar backlog
in cash and bonds. Some dotbt is already ap-
pearing that this period of prosperity can extend
beyond 1948, and a recurrence of the 1921 farm
bust is becoming a real threat.
The factors which led to the first depres-
sion following World War I are present again,
and to a much greater degree. Then, as now,
American farmers were called on to feed the
war-ravaged countries in addition to the de-
mands of 'millions of newly-prosperous people
at home. When the foreign exports fell with'
the revival of the world's agricultural economy,
thq resultant decline in demand of food pro-
ducts was felt throughout the entire coun-
Agriculture has long been referred to as the
backbone of our economy. Representing as it
does the largest single group, of workers and the
largest amount of invested capital, the lot of
the farmer must have a direct bearing on the
welfare of all. This has been the basis of legis-
lative measures to stabilize farm prices and to
provide some permanent security for the farmer.
The farmers have become the strongest ad-
vocates against the reinstatement of price
control through the failure of food prices to
rise with the recent increases in factory wages.
To overcome this injustice would be difficult
but possible; to offset the inflationary ten-
dency. of rising food costs approaches the im-
possible. Speculation in farm land reminiscent
of that which followed the first World War
has already begun, and will keep pace with each
increase in farm prices.
The solution to; the farm problem is, perhaps,
the most elusive of all. The tremendous drop in'
demand which is bound to come must be
recognized and a defense prepared to meet it.
Foyr the present, the restoration of food subsidies
will break the spiralling price increase if it is
accompanied by adequate general price control.
No measure can be too drastic if it holds the
hcpe of disspelling the farm "bust" that looms
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
LOS ANGELES-The real reason for the dif-
ferences between the Russian and American
attitudes toward German reparations is that
the 'Russians can afford to accept enormous
quantities of German goods, while we cannot.
The Russian economy is like a sponge, which
can soak up unlimited imports from Germany,
and count them all as a net gain; while these
same imports, coming into America would merely
represent competition with our own manufac-
EP. ANDREW J. MAY of Kentucky may be
tentatively defined as a guy in a spot. The
Mead Committee To Investigate War Contracts
is snarling around his pant-legs. . the bark is
fearful and the bite may be deadly.
This Senate Committee, the chairmanship
of which started Harry Truman on his way to
the White House, declared in a letter to Rep.
May last Saturday that it has concluded that
he is "unable to explain or contradict" testi-
mony linking him to a ring of war profiteers.
This group of industrialists is accused of set-
ting up several dummy corporations, which
were awarded millions of dollars in war con-
tracts. These dummy corporations, MANY OF
WHICH HAD NO PRODUCTIVE FAOIITIES
OF ANY KIND, then sublet the contracts to
actual producers and picked up rich profits for
themselves in the process.
It is alleged that Rep. May as Chairman of the
House Military Affairs Committee exerted pres-
sure on the War Department to assign large and
lucrative contracts to this group of industrialists,
who had no equipment but a few typewriters and
a desire for profit. As Chairman of the Military
Affairs Committee, May had great influence on
all appropriations bills for the Army, and was
doubtless in a key position to influence their
awards of war contracts. It is charged that May
has mis-used his position and violated a public
Rep. May was first sent to Congress in 1931,
and his accumulated seniority since that time
served to place him automatically in his present
key position. We can safely say that he was sent
to Congress by a certain group in his home dis-
trict . . . the business interests, the political
clique, and the farmers whom they had deceived.
He is not a particularly wicked man; his ideas
and ideals would doubtles find a great many
adherents among those classes who sent him to
His actions in the interests of businessmen and
reactionaries have been both varied and brave.
During 1944 the War Department and the USO
were widely distributing pamphlets and movies
based on "The Races of Mankind" This simple
but scientific approach to the race question
was one of the best weapons the Army had to
fight racial prejudice, Rep. May succeeded in
having it withdrawn from circulation by both
the Army and the USO.
About the same time Mayhwas striving to sur-
pass Rankin's record in the hunt for "Com-
munists" and alleged Communists in the Army.
These two salwarts vied to gather the honor
of stockpiling more Comunists than the Com-
munist Party haever claimed to have members.
May's greatest moment was when he coined
the phrase "premature anti-fascists" and ap-
plied it to those men, Communist and noh.-
Communist, who had fought in the Republican
Army during the Spanish Civil War.
More recently Rep. May has been leading
a fight to secure military control of atomic
energy, President Truman, Gen. Eisenhower,
Secretary of War Patterson, and the Senate
have all decided that control of atomic energy
should be in civiian hands. Nearly every sci-
entist in the country has argued and pleaded
for civilian control. But Rep. May, unwilling
to see power over this crucial matter pass from
the hands of his committee, has as much as
said to Gen. Eisenhower: "Tut, tut, my boy, we
shall have it."
. This is the record of Rep. Andrew J. May, a
leader of the United States. This is a problem
which must be solved, and a tentative analysis
will be suggested in this column Saturday.
Studying the UNO
Nothwithstanding that it came from an ad-
mittedly interested group-the Inter-Collegiate
Institute on the United Nations-it is a good
suggestion that a course on how the United Na-
tions works, be made compulsory in all Ameri-
can schools and colleges. The Institute should
It scarcely needs saying that the more widely
the United Nations is understood, the better for
all of us. General public understanding and
comprehension of this intensely important world
experiment is a type of support, a source of
strength, which cannot be foregone. Something
more than a vague awareness of U. N.'s existence
and its difficulties is demanded of us all.
We hope the schools and colleges of the na-
tion carry out this idea.
-The Christian Science Monitor
turers, and would be attacked for putting Ameri-
cans out of work. Far from wanting reparations
we do not even like to bring our surplus Army
supplies home, for fear they will hang heavy over
Russia, producing for. consumption, not for
profit, has therefore a massive advantage over
us in dealing with the German economy and
she is exploiting this advantage with skill. The
huge Zeiss optical works at Jena, in the Rus-
sian zone, are described as employing more men
now than before the war, producing a huge
output of instruments, most of which are go-
ing to Russia as reparations. But the rebirth
of the German optical industry meets with
disfavor in / some American optical circles,
which have protested to the Russians. Jena
repr'esents an expansion of industry; to us,
an expansion of competition.
It is'only on this basis that we can under-
stand the Molotov plan for Germany, which
otherwise seems curiously contiadictory, both
too soft and too harsh. Molotov says that Ger-
many must be allowed to keep the Ruhr, which
seems kind in him, and also that Germany must
be allowed to produce more than the Allies want
her to produce, which also seems kind in him.
Simultaneously, he asks for ten billion dollars
of German reparations, which is not kind.
Yet the two approaches go together; they
amount to a proposal for Russian annexation
of German industry and if German industry
is to be annexed by Russia, ssisia naturally
has little interest in limiting its size, or in
letting the Ruhr be clipped off.
The West objects owlishly that the sum de-
manded by Russia is too large, since it might take
Gemany a hundred years to pay off; but that is,
to Russia, perhaps the best feature of the Molo-
tov plan. For Molotov says (being harsh) that
the occupation must continue for years, and then
he adds (being kind) that an independent cen-
tral German government should meanwhile be
established; and this touch of harshness and
of kindness can be reconciled too; for if a new,
independent German government, feeling these
heavy pressures, decided to go Socialist as the
easiest way of carrying the reparations burden,
and of reaching a new accord with Russia, the
Russians would perhaps not be displeased. It
will be seen that the Russian plan is full-fledged,
massive, weighty and formidable.
The West is curiously helpless against this
approach. We have several alternatives, none
very good. We could destroy German industry;
but this would make Russia, which wants Ger-
man industry to revive, appear to be Germany's
bestfriend, and would lead to a rise of Soviet
influence. We want some of Germany to re-
main, as a bulwark against Russia, and so we
have hit upon the notion of letting Germany
produce and export just enough goods to pay
for her food. But even here there are complica-
tions; a New York Times dispatch reveals that
the British have played with the idea of letting
the Germans produce their small, cheap auto-
mobile, the Volkswagen, for export, only to real-
ize finally that this would compete with British
exports of small cars, a trade which Britain des-
We can't use reparations, we don't want
competition; our uneasy choice is between a
Germany producing for Russia and a Ger-
many producing against the West; and the
crazy upshot is that we and the British are
spending $520,000,000 a year to feed the Ger-
mans, while the Russians are certainly tak-
ing a net profit on their occupation. The
great struggle boils on to its obscure climax
and it i easy to see why it cannot be resolved
merely by a couple of talks or a form of words.
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
ll!!( (f 11
.... . ,
' li l _.._
"Careful, Charlie . ."
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the office of the Summer Ses-
sion, Room 1213 Angel Hall by 3:30 p.m.
on the day preceding publication (11:00
THURSDAY, JULY 18, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 11S
Phi Beta Kappa: New members
may obtain keys and certificates at
the office of the Secretary, Observ-
atory, on Monday and Wednesday,
2-4 p.m. Hazel Marie Lash, Secre-
tary-Treasurer Phi Beta Kappa.
Spanish Teas: Every Tuesday and
Friday, language tables will convene
in the League cafeteria at 4 p.m. for
informal conversation practice. On
Thursdays, the group will meet at
the International Center at 4 p.m.
All students interested in practicing
Spanish conversation are invited to
The YWCA is looking for women
graduate students and senior under-
graduates with sociology, group,
health and physical education majors
who would be interested in working
in an international, interracial and
inter-faith organization. There are
openings for teen age program direc-
tor, business and industrial health
education, and executive director. All
those interested, in talking to Miss
Lois McColbeh of the National Staff
call the Bureau of Appointments, 201
Mason Hall, ext. 371, for further in-
Mathematics: Copies of the Alex-
ander Ziwet Lectures given by Dr.
Kurt Friedrichs, My 6 to 15, on the
Mathematical Theory of Gas Flow,
Flames and Detonation Waves, are
now available and may be had by
applying at the office of the Depart-
ment of Mathematics, 3012 Angell
Summer Session Choir: There are
vacancies in the soprano section. All
qualified students on campus are in-
vited. Please report Room 315,hHill
Auditorium, at 7:00 p.m. TWTh.
The Museum of Art presents "Pio-
neers of Modern Art in America."
an exhibition from the Whitney Mu-
seum of American Art, at the Rack-
ham Galleries, weekdays, 2-5 and
7-10 p.m., through July 20. The pub-
lic is cordially invited.
Dependents Schools Service:
Representatives: from Headquar-
ters, United States Forces, European
Theatre, Dependents Schools Service
will be in the office of the Bureau of
Appointments on Monday and Tues-
day, July 22 and 23. They will inter-
view candidates for teaching posi-
tions in Germany. Candidates are re-
quired to have two years of teaching
experience and should have in hand
the following information:
1. Proof of citizenship, personal
data such as age and marital status,
photograph, and any requirements
for the procurement of a passport.
2. Complete statement of school-
ing, giving dates, degrees, honors,
3. Description of teaching experi-
ence, giving dates, location of schools,
age levels taught, characteristics of
groups, typical as well as unusual
instructional procedures employed
in directing classroom activities.
4. Brief description of self, stres-
sing personality traits, health status,
hobbies, reading interests, social and
5. References and letters of re-
6. Copies of teaching certificates.
For appointment, call the Bureau
of Appointments - Extension 489,
Lingnan University, Canton, China
has an opening in its Department of
English for the autumn semester.
Term of service is three years and
candidates may be either men or
women, but must be unmfarried. A
Chinese teacher is neededafor the
Department of Physical Education.
Detailed information may be had
upon request at the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 201 Mason Hall.
Pre-Activity Conference for all
members of the Delta Sigma Theta
Sorority, Sunday, July 21, West Par-
lor, Mosher Hall, 3:00 p.m.
State of Michigan Civil Service An-
nouncements have been received in
this office for:
1. Traffic Analyst I, $200-$240.
2. Traffic Analyst II, $250-$290. .
3. Psychometrist Al, $180-$200.
4. Vocational Rehabilitation Field
5. Geologist I, $200-$240.
6. Rural Property Assessment Ex-
ecutive III, $300-$360.1
7. Property Assessment Examiner
8. Property Assessment Examiner
9. Property Assessment Examiner
Closing date is August 7, 1946.
For further information, call at
the Bureau of Appointments, 201
Colton Storm, Curator of Manu-
scripts and Maps. at the Clements
Library will give three lectures on
the Collecting of Rare Books, July
22, 23, 24. In the Rare Books Room,
Clements Library, 5:00 p.m.'
There will be a lecture by Donald
G. Marquis, Professor of Psychology,
Thursday, July 18 at 4:10 p.m. in the
Rackham Amphitheatre. The topic
will be "Psychology of Social
Lecture. William F. Ogburn, Pro-
fessor of Sociology, University of Chi-
cago, will give a lecture Thursday,
July 18 at 8:10 in the Rackham
Amphitheatre. The topic will be
"How Technology Changes Society."
There will be a lecture by George
C. Kyte, Professor of Education, Uni-
versity of California, Thursday, July
18 at 4:05 p.m. in the University High
School Auditorium. The topic will
be ' 'Children's Attitudes Toward
Professor E. H. Strutevant will con-
1,'1n~ + n-vz -in+ fvn
T WO divergent views of science and
research were made clear in the
three days of 'Senate debate which
resulted in the passage . . . recent-
ly of the Natural Science Founda-
One view is that science is for the
people, who act through their gov-
ernment to support the creation and
application of scientific knowledge.
What is discovered is important to all
and should be freely available to all.
The other view seems to consider
science as a useful but very special
mechanism that can be best left in
the hands of large boards of scien-
tists appointed for long terms and
remote from democratic control. The
people through their government
shouldtnot be concerned with the
application of science.
The bill, passed 48-18, embodies
the science-for-the-people viewpoint..
Except that social science research
provisions were eliminated on the
floor ... it is essentially as it emerged
from many hearings which combined
earlier science bill versions . . .
How soon the House can act is
problematical.Two days of hurried
hearings have been held on a House
science bill recently introduced that
differs from the Senate bill and re-
sembles one of the earlier Senate
bills . . . But the chances now seem
to be good that a science founda-
tion bill will be enacted by Congress
-By Watson Davis
Science News Letter
The Institute of Public Administra-
tion of the University offers five re-
search assistantships in public ad-
ministration. The $500 stipend for
the academic year 1946-47 will be
given for work on selected projects
in the Institute's Bureau of Govern-
ment. This work will enable the stu-
dent to satisfy the internship for the
M.P.A. degree. Interested graduate
students should make application to
the Graduate School not later than
Political Science 2 make-up final
exam will be given Thursday, July
25 at 1:00 p.m., Room 2037 Angell
Library Tours: Library tours for
students in Education courses will
begin at 4:15 p.m. on Tuesday and
Thursday, July 16 and 18. The group
will meet in Room 119 University
General Library for a short lecture
to be followed by visits to the de-
History Final Examination rle-
Up: Friday, July 19, 3 o'clock, in
Room B, Haven Hall. Students mut
come with written permission of in-
Seminar in Applied Mathematics:
Thursday, July 18, at 2:10 to 4:00
p.m. in Room 312 West Engineering.
Professor Rothe talks on Singular
Points and Integral Curves as they
Apply to Non-Linear Differential
Visitors are welcome.
Carillon Recital: Percival Price,
University Carillonneur, will present
a recital at 7:15 Thursday evening,
July 18, on the Charles Baird Caril-
lon in Burton Memorial Tower. His
program will include three short ori-
ginal compositions, songs by Franz
Schubert, Liebestraum No. 3 by Franz.
Liszt and a group of Scotch airs.
Yves Tinayre, baritone, will pre-
sent the first of two recitals at 8:30
Sunday evening, July 21, in the First
Presbyterian Church. A well-known
interpreter of vocal art, Mr. Tin-
ayre has planned a program to in-
clude medieval and renaissance sacred
and secular songs. A guest lecturer
in the School of Music, he will be as-
sisted in the program by Emil Raab
and Margaret Detwiler, violinists,
Elisabeth Lewis, violist, Mary Oyer,
cellist and Frieda Op't Hlt Vogan,
organist. The second program will
be given the followingSunday, July
28, in 'the same church.
The general public is invited.
The Student Government Commit-
tee will meet Thursday afternoon,
July 18 at 3 p.m. at the. Michigan
Union. Agenda: modifications of all-
campus elections; Student Legisla-
ture committee system; apprentice-
ship; central council of organiza-
tions; student government judiciary
system. All interested in contribut-
ing to the discussion are urged to
French Tea todiay at 4 p.m. at the
Anichigan Youth for Democratic
Action today, July 18, Michigan Un-
ion, 3:30 p.m. T elect summer oni-
cers and plan series of educatl oals
nn fVinV~ P 3Virts1 int+~rna ~tiniV a1 0"-
PIGEONS AND PEOPLE, the second produc-
tion of the Repertory Season was delivered
amusingly and with emphasis last night in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre at the League.
Maintaining laughter in all forms the cast
ably put over Cohan's theme: that diplomacy is
the root of all trouble in the world.
Ray Pedersen, playing the part of a lovable
little philosopher who preferred the society of
pigeons to people, was convincing and entertain-
Robert Thompson as the intermittently an-
noyed and touched Joseph Heath did a good
The voice and accent of John Babington as
Gilroy, the Irish detective, added variety to the
play. The supporting cast was able, including
Ken Garlinger as Doctor Frisby.
The stage management and set design were
well integrated, concentrating attention on the
character and keeping the play running smooth-
A quick explanation of the cause of inflation'
by Parker, the philosopher who was able to at-
tribute it to diplomacy was amusing. ,
The scenery, done by Herbert Phillippi, com-
bined yellows, light greens and browns and used
block glass walls in producing an effective mod-
ern bachelor's apartment.
The audience seemed to like the play, and
especially applauded Pedersen.
4CCOMPANYING the formation of free con-
"titutional government in India would be a
=e ptant loss of power for the long existant
Under British rule, the Indian rulers who
avTid excessive abuses are allowed an almost
free reigning hand. Many of these maharajas
enbody the fabulous opulence portrayed in the
mrvies, and their territories are remnants of
the old Indian empires.
Due to the threat of a national government,
some of these autocratic states are preparing
m re democratic forms of government and com-
bining into larger territories.
Since one of the main deterrents to Indian in-
dependence is the rigid caste system that binds
tbans~irne the iaolition of the old nobility in
You are .prejudiced against the1
tent, Gus. And merely because
your ancestors have always had
a hankering for musty attics.';
Bu# take the long view. If we
can't build houses for people,;-
let therm have tents- Surely,±
La most healthfal existence-'
By Crockett Johnson
Where will you
put them up? In a convenient location. Handy
tonmrket. n r npr tation.
tinu ni lecturthe first part gven
yesterday, under the title "The An-
atolian Languages of Greek Times"
in Room 302 of the Michigan Union
at 1 :00 p.m. today, July 18. All guests